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SPP Grid Code .
coordination of operational planning and scope of technical responsibilities of EGAT and SPP including other necessary criteria for unit dispatching and unit shutdown for maintenance outage.Preface EGAT’s requirements for connection of Small Power Producer (SPP) generating unit and its connection facility to the Grid (Grid Code) consist of technical criteria of generating unit. ************************** i . connection facility. planned outages.
4 Operational Procedure during Emergency in the Power System 3. Required Information prior to Connection to the Grid 3. Coordination Procedures 3.6 Other Requirements 4.3 Safety Coordination 3.SPP Grid Code 1.2 Additionaly Monthly Plan 4. Communication 6. Operational Planning 4. Definition 2.2 Production Plan 3.5 Quality of Supply 3.1 Coordination Prodedure for Maintenance 3.3 Monthly Production 5. Amendment of SPP Grid Code ii .1 Monthly Plan 4.
1. the total number of maintenance days shall not exceed 80 days within that 2-year period.75 Hz or lower than 49. which SPP shall provide and submit to EGAT in advance. Maintenance Outage. Event that causes over or under voltage at the connection point exceeding +/. Moreover.1. Definition Outage means an outage which SPP requests to shut down the generating unit or reduce its output capacity for inspection. The outage can be classified as: a) b) Planned Outage. SPP is allowed to perform the 1 . the SPP shall give a notice to EGAT of the monthly planned outage. During this abnormal condition.10 percent of the normal value. In case of any changes. The number of years for Major Overhaul shall not exceed 2 in each 4-year cycle. For the year that the Major Overhaul takes place. c) Maintenance Cycle means a maintenance schedule of SPP power plant through out its life.6 and 3. 3-Year Planned Outage Program means an outage schedule of the planned maintenance for calendar years 1 to 3 according to the Maintenance Cycle. in case the Major Overhaul is performed every 2 years in the 4-year cycle. the maintenance period shall not exceed 45 days. Emergency Event means an event which EGAT cannot control and maintain the power system in its normal operating condition including: a) b) Event that causes power frequency to be higher than 50. which SPP shall provide and submit to EGAT prior to the commercial operation date. which are under the responsibility of SPP.1. This plan shall specify clearly detail and types of maintenance including maintenance periods. Event that causes over load in transmission lines.7 Quality of Supply means quality of supply of the power system that EGAT controls and maintains according to the contract with its customers and the quality of supply that SPP shall control and maintain in accordance with the requirements specified in 3. However. maintenance of the generating unit or equipment or the connection facility.5 for connecting to the Grid.25 Hz. the voltage at that location may drop to 0 KV for a period of half cycle to a few seconds due to either start up of large motor/load or fault in the power system until that abnormal condition is solved. Moreover. which the unit shutdown is planned and scheduled yearly. but notified in advance as defined in 3. which the unit shut down is not included in the Planned Outage. in case the number of Major Overhauls exceeds the number specified in the approved Maintenance Cycle. the SPP generating unit shall meet all criteria as specified in the Quality of Supply.
0) S (1.extra Major Overhaul only during this period when the reason for this extra Major Overhaul is caused by EGAT. Required Information prior to Connection to the Grid In order to maintain EGAT’s power system reliability.2) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = inertia constant of the machine Damping constant of the machine direct-axis reactance direct-axis transient reactance direct-axis subtransient reactance quadrature-axis reactance quadrature-axis transient reactance quadrature-axis subtransient reactance leakage reactance direct-axis open circuit transient time constant direct-axis open circuit subtransient time constant quadrature-axis open circuit transient time constant quadrature-axis open circuit subtransient time constant saturation factor at 1. (A) Armature Voltages (kV) Field Currents (A) Exciter Voltages (V) Power Factor Capability Curve b) □ □salient pole Generator Parameters for Dynamic Simulation H D Xd X’d X’’d Xq X’q X’’q Xl T’do T’’do T’qo T’’qo S (1.2 p.u. terminal voltage c) d) Block diagram of turbine governor and excitation system showing parameters in IEEE Standard Unit transformer rating/features/name plates 2 . 2.0 p. The required information shall be as follows: a) Generator Type round rotor Number of Poles Speed (RPM) kV Rating MW Rating KVA Rating Armature Amp. The information shall include parameters of each generating unit.u. details of connection facility from power plant to the connection point. terminal voltage saturation factor at 1. the SPP shall submit detail of connection facility to connect its generating unit to the Grid to EGAT for their approval.
SPP must notify their anticipated 3-Year Planned Outage Program.1.e) f) Type of primary fuel and back up fuel (if available) Data of connection facility Design voltage Conductor size Type of insulator Var compensator . 3. The following detail must be included: a) Available capacity for EGAT. Coordination Procedures Coordination Procedures for Maintenance 3.5. EGAT has defined procedures and detail of how SPP should submit their information and the maintenance outage period of the power plants and connection facility to EGAT so that EGAT can consider the planned outage together with the others in order that the power system is stable and it can maintain Power Quality Requirements (3. After receiving the notification. 3 .2 Maintenance Cycle Notification SPP must submit its Maintenance Cycle and 3-Year Planned Outage Program.1.MVar of shunt reactor g) 3.1. and c) Alternative periods.3 3-Year Planned Outage Notification Every year. as defined in 3. 3.1 Objectives For good coordination of energy production between EGAT and SPP. SPP shall follow these planned outages through out the power plant life.1. EGAT must reply/give approval of the Maintenance Cycle and the 3-Year Planned Outage Program to SPP within 15 days. 3.2. before the first day of October.MVar of capacitor . if the periods in b) cannot be approved by EGAT. which include dates and times of the outages to EGAT at least 30 days before the commercial operation date.1 Other equipment data that may not meet the specified criteria at the connection point. Upon approval of the Maintenance Cycle.1) and sufficient spinning reserve during the outage. b) Shut down periods and the number of generating units to be shut down. to EGAT.
of the new schedule and reasons for postponement or cancellation. 3. If SPP finds that EGAT’s proposed date is not possible.If SPP has no intention to revise the 3-Year Planned Outage Program. SPP can shut down its generating unit as indicated in the revised schedule. SPP must contact EGAT to reconsider scheduling of the date together before the fifteenth day of November based on the system stability.1. However EGAT will count those shut down period as the addition to the Yearly Planned Outage.4 EGAT’s Approval of Yearly Planned Outage Before the first day of November. shut down its generating unit on the agreed dates. this outage will be considered as Weekly Planned Outage defined in 3. EGAT will follow the planned outage as submitted under 3.6 Weekly Planned Outage In case SPP must shut down the generating unit for maintenance outage for a period longer than 24 hours in addition to the Yearly Planned Outage.1.5 Monthly Planned Outage After EGAT has approved the Yearly Planned Outage. if the period is longer than what was planned according to 3.6. This will allow EGAT with sufficient time to economically dispatch generating units in the system and maintain the system stability based on the planned maintenance of the transmission lines or other limitations.4 3. If EGAT does not approve the revised schedule but SPP insists to shut down its generating unit. if SPP cannot.1. Nevertheless.1.4. however. not less than 30 days before the previously approved outage date as defined in 3. EGAT must inform SPP of its approval of 3-Year Planned Outage Program based on power demand and other relevant factors that would impact the system stability. 3. 4 . if the planned outage cannot be scheduled on proposed date.1. SPP must notify EGAT 7 days before the maintenance outage. SPP must inform EGAT. SPP is requested to confirm the plan to EGAT.1. postponement will not change the shutdown period.1. EGAT will make endeavor to accommodate every SPP unit shutdown on the proposed date. EGAT will propose other appropriate date to SPP for its consideration.4. After EGAT has received the revised schedule from SPP.1.4. If SPP notifies the revised schedule to EGAT less than 30 days. EGAT will consider/approve the revised Monthly Planned Outage based on the system stability. in any month within the planned outage under 3.
This is to allow EGAT. SPP must notify EGAT one day earlier before 12:00 hour for shutting down its generating unit. with sufficient time.2 Monthly Operational Planning Before the 15th day of the month. SPP that uses commercial fuel or renewable energy (biomass).7 Daily Planned Outage If SPP needs to shut down its generating unit for maintenance outage of a period less than 24 hour. which gives EGAT insufficient time. for electricity production must notify their next monthly production plan and available energy to EGAT.1. who has submitted the short-notice more than three times a year.If SPP notifies EGAT less than 7 days. 3.7 falls on EGAT's non-working day.2 Production Plan 3. instead of 1 hour. EGAT will consider this as short-notice. 3. the short-notice not more than three times a year. EGAT will not count as the maintenance outage hour. If the submission date of the planned outage specified in 3. SPP. However.1 Yearly Production Plan Every year before the 1st day of October. without any penalties. 3. to economically dispatch generating units with minimum impact of production cost of electricity and the system spinning reserve. EGAT will consider this additional maintenance outage to be longer than 24 hours and count the outage as the shortnotice. The Plan must follow the approved Maintenance Cycle. but later requests again for additional maintenance outage during peak and partial peak period in the following day. if SPP notifies the maintenance outage of the generating unit later than 12:00 hr. If SPP needs to shut down its generating unit for additional maintenance outage. EGAT will accept.3 to 3. If SPP informs EGAT of maintenance outage of a period less than 24 hours during peak and partial peak periods. EGAT will consider this maintenance outage period as normal shut down hours. will be penalized by counting 1.5 hours. SPP must submit to EGAT the expected available capacity and energy to be dispatched to EGAT for each month from January to December of the following year. SPP must notify the maintenance outage in the available capacity report to EGAT before 12:00 hr of the day on which SPP will shut down its generating unit.1. 5 .2.2. for each 1 hour shut down period in order to compensate for EGAT's losses.1. SPP must submit the plan one working day earlier.
90 Hz.In the EGAT's system. the party who initiates the event must provide detail of the maintenance and set up a meeting with concerned parties in order to set up measures to prevent damages to the power system. therefore. SPP can trip its generating unit without penalties. 3.5. During this period. 3. equipment.2 If the system frequency is under 48. Moreover. SPP can disconnect its generating unit from the Grid without penalties. and EGAT's Dispatching Control Center does not make any contact to SPP.1 Power Quality Requirements 3.4. which may affect the safety rules of the power system or safety of personal or properties of another party. for more than one minute.1. so that necessary precautions can be taken by another party.4 Operational Procedure during Emergency in the Power System SPP's generating unit is not required to stabilize system frequency through EGAT's automatic generation control. or over 51. the voltage is regulated at ± 5% of nominal voltage under normal condition. 3. SPP must assist the system by increasing or decreasing production respectively to stabilize the system frequency at 50 Hz.5. 6 . It must be informed at least 24 hours in advance. and it may vary up to ±10% under abnormal condition.4.1 Voltage at Connection Point . SPP' generator must not cause the Quality of Supply to the unacceptable level as defined in the standard. or over 51.1 If the system frequency is out of the 49.4.75 Hz range.00 Hz. 3. therefore SPP must support the power system during emergency as follows: 3.3 If the frequency is under 47. requested by EGAT and/or SPP.3.00 Hz.5 Quality of Supply EGAT has defined the standard for Quality of Supply for EGAT's customers. If it will impact energy dispatching to EGAT and selling to customers.3 Safety Coordination For any maintenance. SPP will be exempted from the contractual obligations defined in the Power Purchase Agreement.10 Hz. the party that will perform the maintenance must notify another party as soon as possible. 3.25 to 50. SPP must design its generator and auxiliary equipment to withstand the system conditions and comply with the standard defined by EGAT. and properties. lives.
9 -11. Limit of each order of harmonic voltage distortion and the voltage distortion (Vt) in percent at connection points are defined in the table below.96%. -1.00% 21.07% 67.90% 67.0 -71. except abnormal or emergency conditions.8 -23.1.74%.0 -72.91%. 7 . +2. 0.8 -12.96% 113.0 -118.04%. +5.09%.0 -123.5 kV 24 kV -1.3 For voltage and current distortion.1.00% 10.In PEA'S system.8 kV -1.0 kV -1.5.74%.0 kV 12 kV -0. the Quality of Supply depends on the voltage levels as follows: Condition Normal Emergency 115 kV -1. the voltage is regulated at ± 5% of nominal voltage and it may vary up to ± 10% under abnormal condition.67% 10.0 kV 69 kV -1.6 kV -2. -1.0 kV -1.0.67% 21. +6.In MEA's system. EGAT requires customers having non-linear load to control their harmonic distortion within the defined levels in order not to affect any other customers.5.6 -24.2 The system frequency is maintained at 50 ± 0. .5 Hz during normal condition.74%. 3.61% 113..74%.0 kV 3. +2.
5.1. the limit of harmonic current is defined by the following equation.4 For the customers that their equipment or processes can cause voltage flickering must control the voltage flickering with in the following limit: 8 . whichever is greater.5 Amp. is allowed to be used with each order (but not more than two orders). that customer must prevent such current to flow into the system as defined by EGAT are shown in the table below. 3. Harmonic Current Limit for Customers at Connection Points The deviation of 10% or 0.Harmonic current distortion limits (Arms) of each order. If the Lowest MVASC at the connection point is different from MKASC (Base) defined in the table.
1 SPP must maintain the frequency within the range as defined in 3.3.2. which is normally 2 hours and therefore N = 12. The followings are the suggested values for m.3.5.2 Power Quality Standard for Power Plants Connected to the Grid 3.85 leading and lagging power factor to maintain voltage at the connection point.Pst = The value used for assessment of the severity of short-term voltage flickering (10 minutes) where m depends on the source of the voltage flickering.5.1.2. and/or as to import or export reactive power to the power system at each period. for equipment that is operate simultaneously Plt = The value used for assessment of the severity of long-term voltage flickering (2 . for most equipment that can cause voltage flickering but is less likely to operate simultaneously m = 2.4 SPP must reduce harmonic current flow into Grid at the connection point by controlling the harmonic current that generated from equipment of SPP's customers to be within the limit defined in 3.1 and 3.5.2 3.5.1. m = 4.5.5. 3.2 SPP must be able to import or export reactive power at 0.2. for equipment such as furnaces m = 184.108.40.206 SPP must keep the voltage distortion.5.5. 3.3 hours) where N is the number of measurements of Pst during a measurement period. for equipment that is more likely to operate simultaneously m = 1. 9 .1. at the connection point within the limit defined in 3. 3.5.
3. 3. 220.127.116.11 Other Requirements 3.4 respectively and they are being checked and corrected by EGAT.6.6. 3. EGAT reserves the right to notify SPP such that SPP can correct its action in accordance with the agreement.2 SPP has violated synchronization regulation of SPP generating unit.5.5. 3.5 SPP must request EGAT to provide the Power Quality Requirements at the connection point and uses these requirements as basis for the design. 18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 EGAT has the right not to allow synchr onization of SPP’s generating unit if: 3. SPP must endeavor to keep those values close to the limit such that they will not damage equipment owned by either EGAT or EGAT’s customers or SPP. 10 .1 SPP must not change the power system by changing or increasing the capacity of the generating unit. or synchronizing additional generating unit.5 SPP must try to reduce the severity level due to voltage flickering caused by equipment or production or process either from SPP or SPP customer at connection points defined in 3. 126.96.36.199.5 after EGAT has notified such a non-compliance with reasonable time.1.5.3 and 188.8.131.52 In case where SPP does not follow conditions in the power purchasing agreement or other agreements which have no impact to the system stability.2. or doing anything that would affect Power Quality without EGAT's consent. 3.3 In case the voltage distortion and harmonic current are higher than those defined in 3. 3.3 SPP will be responsible for synchronization of the generating unit to the Grid and always need permission before synchronization so that EGAT can maintain the proper spinning reserve of the system. SPP must correct them urgently and propose plan to improve its Power Quality to EGAT.1 SPP cannot comply with standards of Power Quality defined in 184.108.40.206 If EGAT finds that SPP cannot control its Power Quality defined in 3.
both parties must use voice recorders.1. 4. In the conversion. The report must include: a) Hourly gross MW production every day and installed capacity b) Monthly energy production and sales . Communication During normal operation.4. 5. EGAT will issue a monthly dispatching plan in advance to SPP so that SPP can use them as the guideline for operational planning. These are to be kept as evidences.Gross energy production . Additional Monthly Plan In case when EGAT or SPP need to adjust their agreed Monthly Plan. to record their conversations. time. will be communicated by fax. If communication via fax is not possible. SPP must report its production in the previous month for each generating unit. who needs the adjustment.Energy for station service. the party. which will affect electricity tariff calculation. and . communication is done verbally via telephones or party line.Energy sales to EGAT. and holidays.2 4. or other means which both parties has previously agreed.1 Operational Planning Monthly Plan Within the 4th week of each month. all of which are according to the power purchasing agreement. The adjustment initiated by SPP must not violate the maintenance requirements defined in 3. This purchasing plan will be used for the whole month. weekends. The recipient must sign his/her name to acknowledge receipt of the document and fax the document back to the sender for reference. This revised Monthly Plan will be followed through out the month. The sender must sign his/her name of the sending document. and events. The report will be kept as references for national load forecast. The purchasing plan includes capacity that will be dispatched in each period during weekdays. Any load dispatching.3 Monthly Production Within the first week of each month. both parties must state their names. Capacity and energy production are recorded via the energy meter which both parties can access the data through telemetering and use the recorded values for 11 .Energy sales to all customers . 4. must notify another party immediately and revise the Monthly Plan together.
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