Paradise Lost

By John Milton

Download free eBooks of classic literature, books and novels at Planet eBook. Subscribe to our free eBooks blog and email newsletter.

Book I
f Man’s first disobedience, and the fruit Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste Brought death into the World, and all our woe, With loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful seat, Sing, Heavenly Muse, that, on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the heavens and earth Rose out of Chaos: or, if Sion hill Delight thee more, and Siloa’s brook that flowed Fast by the oracle of God, I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventurous song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th’ Aonian mount, while it pursues Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme. And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all temples th’ upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for thou know’st; thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, Dove-like sat’st brooding on the vast Abyss, And mad’st it pregnant: what in me is dark Illumine, what is low raise and support; That, to the height of this great argument, 
Paradise Lost


I may assert Eternal Providence, And justify the ways of God to men. Say first—for Heaven hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of Hell—say first what cause Moved our grand parents, in that happy state, Favoured of Heaven so highly, to fall off From their Creator, and transgress his will For one restraint, lords of the World besides. Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? Th’ infernal Serpent; he it was whose guile, Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from Heaven, with all his host Of rebel Angels, by whose aid, aspiring To set himself in glory above his peers, He trusted to have equalled the Most High, If he opposed, and with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy of God, Raised impious war in Heaven and battle proud, With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurled headlong flaming from th’ ethereal sky, With hideous ruin and combustion, down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In adamantine chains and penal fire, Who durst defy th’ Omnipotent to arms. Nine times the space that measures day and night To mortal men, he, with his horrid crew, Lay vanquished, rolling in the fiery gulf, Confounded, though immortal. But his doom
Free eBooks at Planet 

Reserved him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and lasting pain Torments him: round he throws his baleful eyes, That witnessed huge affliction and dismay, Mixed with obdurate pride and steadfast hate. At once, as far as Angels ken, he views The dismal situation waste and wild. A dungeon horrible, on all sides round, As one great furnace flamed; yet from those flames No light; but rather darkness visible Served only to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all, but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed. Such place Eternal Justice has prepared For those rebellious; here their prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set, As far removed from God and light of Heaven As from the centre thrice to th’ utmost pole. Oh how unlike the place from whence they fell! There the companions of his fall, o’erwhelmed With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, He soon discerns; and, weltering by his side, One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and named Beelzebub. To whom th’ Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heaven called Satan, with bold words 
Paradise Lost

Breaking the horrid silence, thus began:— ‘If thou beest he—but O how fallen! how changed From him who, in the happy realms of light Clothed with transcendent brightness, didst outshine Myriads, though bright!—if he whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprise Joined with me once, now misery hath joined In equal ruin; into what pit thou seest From what height fallen: so much the stronger proved He with his thunder; and till then who knew The force of those dire arms? Yet not for those, Nor what the potent Victor in his rage Can else inflict, do I repent, or change, Though changed in outward lustre, that fixed mind, And high disdain from sense of injured merit, That with the Mightiest raised me to contend, And to the fierce contentions brought along Innumerable force of Spirits armed, That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power opposed In dubious battle on the plains of Heaven, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? All is not lost—the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: And what is else not to be overcome? That glory never shall his wrath or might Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace
Free eBooks at Planet 

With suppliant knee, and deify his power Who, from the terror of this arm, so late Doubted his empire—that were low indeed; That were an ignominy and shame beneath This downfall; since, by fate, the strength of Gods, And this empyreal sybstance, cannot fail; Since, through experience of this great event, In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced, We may with more successful hope resolve To wage by force or guile eternal war, Irreconcilable to our grand Foe, Who now triumphs, and in th’ excess of joy Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven.’ So spake th’ apostate Angel, though in pain, Vaunting aloud, but racked with deep despair; And him thus answered soon his bold compeer:— ‘O Prince, O Chief of many throned Powers That led th’ embattled Seraphim to war Under thy conduct, and, in dreadful deeds Fearless, endangered Heaven’s perpetual King, And put to proof his high supremacy, Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event That, with sad overthrow and foul defeat, Hath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and heavenly Essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, 
Paradise Lost

Though all our glory extinct, and happy state Here swallowed up in endless misery. But what if he our Conqueror (whom I now Of force believe almighty, since no less Than such could have o’erpowered such force as ours) Have left us this our spirit and strength entire, Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may so suffice his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right of war, whate’er his business be, Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire, Or do his errands in the gloomy Deep? What can it the avail though yet we feel Strength undiminished, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment?’ Whereto with speedy words th’ Arch-Fiend replied:— ‘Fallen Cherub, to be weak is miserable, Doing or suffering: but of this be sure— To do aught good never will be our task, But ever to do ill our sole delight, As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist. If then his providence Out of our evil seek to bring forth good, Our labour must be to pervert that end, And out of good still to find means of evil; Which ofttimes may succeed so as perhaps Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb His inmost counsels from their destined aim. But see! the angry Victor hath recalled
Free eBooks at Planet 

extended long and large.’ Thus Satan. and eyes That sparkling blazed. The seat of desolation. How overcome this dire calamity. If not. re-assembling our afflicted powers. whether scorn Or satiate fury yield it from our Foe. Seest thou yon dreary plain. Perhaps hath spent his shafts. There rest. With head uplift above the wave.  Paradise Lost . his other parts besides Prone on the flood. Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage. what resolution from despair. Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves. our own loss how repair. void of light. o’erblown hath laid The fiery surge that from the precipice Of Heaven received us falling. What reinforcement we may gain from hope. Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our enemy.His ministers of vengeance and pursuit Back to the gates of Heaven: the sulphurous hail. And. Titanian or Earth-born. Let us not slip th’ occasion. and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. if any rest can harbour there. Shot after us in storm. that warred on Jove. and the thunder. in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size. Lay floating many a rood. forlorn and wild. talking to his nearest mate.

leave i’ th’ midst a horrid vale. and. and enraged might see How all his malice served but to bring forth Infinite goodness. on each hand the flames Driven backward slope their pointing spires. The pilot of some small night-foundered skiff. That with reiterated crimes he might Heap on himself damnation. while he sought Evil to others. nor ever thence Had risen. while night Invests the sea. grace. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft.rolled In billows. which God of all his works Created hugest that swim th’  . or heaved his head. Chained on the burning lake. shewn On Man by him seduced. whom the den By ancient Tarsus held. as seamen tell. and wished morn delays. Deeming some island. incumbent on the dusky air. but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs. oft. Him. That felt unusual weight. till on dry land Free eBooks at Planet eBook. haply slumbering on the Norway foam. or that sea-beast Leviathan. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature. So stretched out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay. Moors by his side under the lee. and mercy. wrath. and vengeance poured. but on himself Treble confusion. With fixed anchor in his scaly rind.Briareos or Typhon.

whose combustible And fuelled entrails. And leave a singed bottom all involved With stench and smoke. the clime. Infernal world! and thou. And such appeared in hue as when the force Of subterranean wind transprots a hill Torn from Pelorus.’ Said then the lost Archangel. as the lake with liquid fire. or the shattered side Of thundering Etna. aid the winds. happy fields. Receive thy new possessor—one who brings A mind not to be changed by place or time. Sublimed with mineral fury. What matter where. thence conceiving fire. Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. a Hell of Heaven.He lights—if it were land that ever burned With solid. profoundest Hell. Him followed his next mate. ‘Is this the region. this the soil. 10 Paradise Lost . and by their own recovered strength. Such resting found the sole Of unblest feet. force hath made supreme Above his equals. horrors! hail. Farewell. if I be still the same. since he Who now is sovereign can dispose and bid What shall be right: farthest from him is best Whom reason hath equalled. ‘this the seat That we must change for Heaven?—this mournful gloom For that celestial light? Be it so. Where joy for ever dwells! Hail. Both glorying to have scaped the Stygian flood As gods. The mind is its own place. and in itself Can make a Heaven of Hell.

or what more lost in Hell?’ So Satan spake. astounded and amazed. or once more With rallied arms to try what may be yet Regained in Heaven. in all assaults Their surest signal—they will soon resume New courage and revive. fallen such a pernicious height!’ He scare had ceased when the superior Fiend Was moving toward the shore. Lie thus astonished on th’ oblivious pool. though now they lie Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire.And what I should be. their liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers—heard so oft In worst extremes. when it raged. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends. massy. And call them not to share with us their part In this unhappy mansion. but th’ Omnipotent. To reign is worth ambition. Ethereal temper. As we erewhile. all but less than he Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at least We shall be free. will not drive us hence: Here we may reigh secure. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and. none could have foiled! If once they hear that voice. No wonder. in my choice. large. Th’ associates and co-partners of our 11 . and round. and on the perilous edge Of battle. though in Hell: Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven. th’ Almighty hath not built Here for his envy. and him Beelzebub Thus answered:—‘Leader of those armies bright Which. his ponderous shield.

Rivers. where th’ Etrurian shades High over-arched embower. Under amazement of their hideous change. or mountains. Abject and lost. till on the beach Of that inflamed sea he stood. Nathless he so endured. and called His legions—Angel Forms. lay these. His spear—to equal which the tallest pine Hewn on Norwegian hills. to descry new lands. and the torrid clime Smote on him sore besides. vaulted with fire. whose waves o’erthrew Busiris and his Memphian chivalry. whose orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views At evening. not like those steps On Heaven’s azure. to be the mast Of some great ammiral. who beheld From the safe shore their floating carcases And broken chariot-wheels.Behind him cast. when with fierce winds Orion armed Hath vexed the Red-Sea coast. covering the flood. were but a wand— He walked with. to support uneasy steps Over the burning marl. who lay entranced Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa. He called so loud that all the hollow deep 12 Paradise Lost . or scattered sedge Afloat. While with perfidious hatred they pursued The sojourners of Goshen. in her spotty globe. So thick bestrown. Or in Valdarno. The broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the moon. from the top of Fesole.

or be for ever fallen!’ They heard. who now beholds Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood With scattered arms and ensigns. Warriors. and were abashed. Yet to their General’s voice they soon obeyed Innumerable. As when the potent rod Of Amram’s 13 . Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. and. That o’er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like Night. descending. the Flower of Heaven—once yours. in Egypt’s evil day. Waved round the coast. or the fierce pains not feel. till anon His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates discern Th’ advantage. Potentates. and darkened all the land of Nile. as in the vales of Heaven? Or in this abject posture have ye sworn To adore the Conqueror.Of Hell resounded:—‘Princes. as when men wont to watch On duty. If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal Spirits! Or have ye chosen this place After the toil of battle to repose Your wearied virtue. tread us down Thus drooping. up-called a pitchy cloud Of locusts. arise. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and up they sprung Upon the wing. or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Awake. Nor did they not perceive the evil plight In which they were. for the ease you find To slumber here. warping on the eastern wind. now lost. sleeping found by whom they dread.

nether. blotted out and rased By their rebellion from the Books of Life. and surrounding fires. Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve Got them new names. 14 Paradise Lost . Till. and fill all the plain: A multitude like which the populous North Poured never from her frozen loins to pass Rhene or the Danaw.So numberless were those bad Angels seen Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell. and spread Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands. Forthwith. princely Dignities. adorned With gay religions full of pomp and gold. By falsities and lies the greatest part Of mankind they corrupted to forsake God their Creator. till. wandering o’er the earth. when her barbarous sons Came like a deluge on the South. in even balance down they light On the firm brimstone. th’ uplifted spear Of their great Sultan waving to direct Their course. The heads and leaders thither haste where stood Their great Commander—godlike Shapes. form every squadron and each band. Through God’s high sufferance for the trial of man. And Powers that erst in Heaven sat on thrones. and th’ invisible Glory of him that made them to transform Oft to the image of a brute. and Forms Excelling human. ‘Twixt upper. as a signal given. Though on their names in Heavenly records now Be no memorial.

throned Between the Cherubim. for the noise of drums and timbrels loud. Abominations. gods adored Among the nations round. In Argob and in Basan. who last. and durst abide Jehovah thundering out of Sion. And various idols through the heathen world. and with cursed things His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. and parents’ tears. horrid king. next the seat of God. Muse. their names then known. Say. besmeared with blood Of human sacrifice. often placed Within his sanctuary itself their shrines. long after. Their altars by his 15 . to the stream Of utmost Arnon. yea.And devils to adore for deities: Then were they known to men by various names. At their great Emperor’s call. Him the Ammonite Worshiped in Rabba and her watery plain. from the pit of Hell Roaming to seek their prey on Earth. as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand. the wisest heart Of Solomon he led by fraoud to build Free eBooks at Planet eBook. who first. Though. Their children’s cries unheard that passed through fire To his grim idol. durst fix Their seats. While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof? The chief were those who. Nor content with such Audacious neighbourhood. Roused from the slumber on that fiery couch. And with their darkness durst affront his light. Moloch. First.

16 Paradise Lost . Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged Even to that hill of scandal. in Hesebon And Horonaim. lust hard by hate. beyond The flowery dale of Sibma clad with vines. For Spirits. had general names Of Baalim and Ashtaroth—those male. Dilated or condensed. but. Like cumbrous flesh. Not tried or manacled with joint or limb. These feminine. Seon’s real. With these came they who. the type of Hell. by the grove Of Moloch homicide. th’ obscene dread of Moab’s sons. which cost them woe. in what shape they choose. bright or obscure. on their march from Nile. And Eleale to th’ Asphaltic Pool: Peor his other name. Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. From Aroar to Nebo and the wild Of southmost Abarim. when they please. Can execute their airy purposes. Next Chemos. or both.His temple right against the temple of God On that opprobrious hill. To do him wanton rites. and made his grove The pleasant valley of Hinnom. Tophet thence And black Gehenna called. so soft And uncompounded is their essence pure. Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones. Can either sex assume. when he enticed Israel in Sittim. from the bordering flood Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground.

for which their heads as low Bowed down in battle. bowing lowly down To bestial gods. For those the race of Israel oft forsook Their Living Strength. In Sion also not unsung. where stood Her temple on th’ offensive mountain. when. Whose wanton passions in the sacred proch Ezekiel saw. when the captive ark Maimed his brute image. fell To idols foul. His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. While smooth Adonis from his native rock Ran purple to the sea. whom the Phoenicians called Astarte. Next came one Who mourned in earnest. built By that uxorious king whose heart.And works of love or enmity fulfil. With these in troop Came Astoreth. sunk before the spear Of despicable foes. supposed with blood Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion’s daughters with like heat. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Thammuz came next behind. with crescent horns. and unfrequented left His righteous altar. queen of heaven. head and hands lopt 17 . To whose bright image nigntly by the moon Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs. Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate In amorous ditties all a summer’s day. though large. Beguiled by fair idolatresses. by the vision led.

And Accaron and Gaza’s frontier bounds. when their borrowed gold composed The calf in Oreb. whereon to burn His odious offerings. in one night.upward man And downward fish. on the fertile banks Of Abbana and Pharphar. Where he fell flat and shamed his worshippers: Dagon his name. and adore the gods Whom he had vanquished. and gained a king— Ahaz. Likening his Maker to the grazed ox— Jehovah. yet had his temple high Reared in Azotus. when he passed From Egypt marching. Isis. his sottish conqueror. and the rebel king Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan. dreaded through the coast Of Palestine. whom he drew God’s altar to disparage and displace For one of Syrian mode. under names of old renown— Osiris. and their train— With monstrous shapes and sorceries abused Fanatic Egypt and her priests to seek Their wandering gods disguised in brutish forms Rather than human. Orus.In his own temple. Him followed Rimmon. on the grunsel-edge. in Gath and Ascalon. Nor did Israel scape Th’ infection. He also against the house of God was bold: A leper once he lost. whose delightful seat Was fair Damascus. lucid streams. sea-monster. equalled with one stroke 18 Paradise Lost . who. After these appeared A crew who.

So Jove usurping reigned. who filled With lust and violence the house of God? In courts and palaces he also reigns. yet who more oft than he In temples and at altars. than whom a Spirit more lewd Fell not from Heaven. Belial came last. and. and birthright seized By younger Saturn: he from mightier Jove. And injury and 19 . thence on the snowy top Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air. Heaven’s first-born. where the noise Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers. or more gross to love Vice for itself. To him no temple stood Or altar smoked. flown with insolence and wine. His own and Rhea’s son. Their highest heaven. then wander forth the sons Of Belial. These were the prime in order and in might: The rest were long to tell. when the hospitable door Exposed a matron. and that night In Gibeah. first in Crete And Ida known. Their boasted parents. or on the Delphian cliff.Both her first-born and all her bleating gods. as did Eli’s sons. Witness the streets of Sodom. to avoid worse rape. like measure found. when the priest Turns atheist. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And in luxurious cities. when night Darkens the streets. though far renowned Th’ Ionian gods—of Javan’s issue held Gods. These. With his enormous brood.—Titan. yet confessed later than Heaven and Earth.

All in a moment through the gloom were seen Ten thousand banners rise into the air. All these and more came flocking. and beyond Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. With orient colours waving: with them rose 20 Paradise Lost . full high advanced. or who with Saturn old Fled over Adria to th’ Hesperian fields. which. Then straight commands that. but with looks Downcast and damp. But he. yet such wherein appeared Obscure some glimpse of joy to have found their Chief Not in despair. at the warlike sound Of trumpets loud and clarions. that bore Semblance of worth. his wonted pride Soon recollecting. gently raised Their fainting courage.Or in Dodona. which on his countenance cast Like doubtful hue. Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind. to have found themselves not lost In loss itself. With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed. not substance. That proud honour claimed Azazel as his right. with high words. And o’er the Celtic roamed the utmost Isles. and dispelled their fears. Seraphic arms and trophies. and through all the bounds Of Doric land. a Cherub tall: Who forthwith from the glittering staff unfurled Th’ imperial ensign. all the while Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds: At which the universal host up-sent A shout that tore Hell’s concave. be upreared His mighty standard.

and soon traverse The whole battalion views—their order due. and serried shields in thick array Of depth immeasurable. Their visages and stature as of gods. Breathing united force with fixed thought. Anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and soft recorders—such as raised To height of noblest temper heroes old Arming to battle. and instead of rage Deliberate valour breathed. named with these. Their number last he sums. firm. Met such embodied force as. hardening in his strength. He through the armed files Darts his experienced eye. and. Moved on in silence to soft pipes that charmed Their painful steps o’er the burnt soil. and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal or immortal minds. Awaiting what command their mighty Chief Had to impose. and thronging helms Appeared. Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage With solemn touches troubled thoughts. Glories: for never.A forest huge of spears. and unmoved With dread of death to flight or foul retreat. with ordered spear and shield. And now Advanced in view they stand—a horrid front Of dreadful length and dazzling arms. since created Man. Thus they. in guise Of warriors old. Could merit more than that small infantry Free eBooks at Planet 21 . And now his heart Distends with pride.

and with fear of change Perplexes monarchs. above the rest In shape and gesture proudly eminent. and care Sat on his faded cheek.Warred on by cranes—though all the giant brood Of Phlegra with th’ heroic race were joined That fought at Thebes and Ilium. Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore When Charlemain with all his peerage fell By Fontarabbia. from behind the moon. And all who since. or. or Trebisond. and considerate pride Waiting revenge. yet observed Their dread Commander. He. Thus far these beyond Compare of mortal prowess. yet shone Above them all th’ Archangel: but his face Deep scars of thunder had intrenched. and th’ excess Of glory obscured: as when the sun new-risen Looks through the horizontal misty air Shorn of his beams. or Montalban. or Marocco. In dim eclipse. disastrous twilight sheds On half the nations. Cruel his eye. His form had yet not lost All her original brightness. and what resounds In fable or romance of Uther’s son. Jousted in Aspramont. Begirt with British and Armoric knights. but cast 22 Paradise Lost . baptized or infidel. Stood like a tower. but under brows Of dauntless courage. nor appeared Less than Archangel ruined. on each side Mixed with auxiliar gods. Damasco. Darkened so.

shall fail to re-ascend. though th’ event was dire. when heaven’s fire Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines. in spite of scorn. and half enclose him round With all his peers: attention held them mute. could ever know repulse? For who can yet believe. Hateful to utter. Thrice he assayed. Tears. He now prepared To speak. condemned For ever now to have their lot in pain— Millions of Spirits for his fault amerced Of Heaven. though after loss. and from eteranl splendours flung For his revolt—yet faithful how they stood. Their glory withered. whereat their doubled ranks they bend From wing to wing. Forseeing or presaging. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. could have feared How such united force of gods. But what power of mind. That all these puissant legions. burst forth: at last Words interwove with sighs found out their way:— ‘O myriads of immortal Spirits! O Powers Matchless. and thrice. As this place testifies. from the depth Of knowledge past or present. as. though bare. and this dire change.Signs of remorse and passion. With singed top their stately growth. such as Angels weep. the followers rather (Far other once beheld in bliss). how such As stood like these. to behold The fellows of his crime. Stands on the blasted heath. whose exile Hath emptied Heaven. but with th’ Almighth!—and that strife Was not 23 .

Henceforth his might we know. But he who reigns Monarch in Heaven till then as one secure Sat on his throne. and know our own. Peace is despaired. So as not either to provoke. For who can think submission? War. but still his strength concealed— Which tempted our attempt. be witness all the host of Heaven. upheld by old repute. then. shall be perhaps Our first eruption—thither. that he no less At length from us may find.’ 24 Paradise Lost . What force effected not. whereof so rife There went a fame in Heaven that he ere long Intended to create. Thither.Self-raised. nor th’ Abyss Long under darkness cover. if but to pry. by fraud or guile. have lost our hopes. For this infernal pit shall never hold Celestial Spirits in bondage. war Open or understood. If counsels different. and his regal state Put forth at full. who overcomes By force hath overcome but half his foe. and wrought our fall. and therein plant A generation whom his choice regard Should favour equal to the Sons of Heaven. and repossess their native seat? For me. Consent or custom. must be resolved. But these thoughts Full counsel must mature. Space may produce new Worlds. or danger shunned By me. or elsewhere. or dread New war provoked: our better part remains To work in close design.

Let none admire That riches grow in Hell. Forerun the royal camp. and with impious hands Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth For treasures better hid. for even in Heaven his looks and thoughts Were always downward bent. Thither.He spake. Than aught divine or holy else enjoyed In vision beatific. the sudden blaze Far round illumined Hell. outflew Millions of flaming swords. By him first Men also. that soil may best Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to trench a field. And digged out ribs of gold. whose grisly top Belched fire and rolling smoke. Soon had his crew Opened into the hill a spacious 25 . Ransacked the centre. admiring more The riches of heaven’s pavement. the rest entire Shone with a glossy scurf—undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic ore. trodden gold. Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heaven. Or cast a rampart. A numerous brigade hastened: as when bands Of pioneers. and. Mammon led them on— Mammon. Highly they raged Against the Highest. to confirm his words. and by his suggestion taught. with spade and pickaxe armed. the least erected Spirit that fell From Heaven. winged with speed. and fierce with grasped arms Clashed on their sounding shields the din of war. drawn from the thighs Of mighty Cherubim. The work of sulphur. There stood a hill not far.

with incessant toil And hands innumerable. to enshrine Belus or Serapis their gods. are easily outdone By Spirits reprobate. where pilasters round Were set. To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes. and art. Learn how their greatest monuments of fame And strength. That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluiced from the lake. A third as soon had formed within the ground A various mould. Nigh on the plain. Not Babylon Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Equalled in all their glories. and in an hour What in an age they. scarce perform. Anon out of the earth a fabric huge Rose like an exhalation. or seat 26 Paradise Lost . with the sound Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet— Built like a temple. with bossy sculptures graven. and Doric pillars overlaid With golden architrave. Severing each kind. As in an organ. a second multitude With wondrous art founded the massy ore. and the works of Memphian kings. and scummed the bullion-dross. nor did there want Cornice or frieze. in many cells prepared. The roof was fretted gold.Deserve the precious bane. from one blast of wind. And here let those Who boast in mortal things. and from the boiling cells By strange conveyance filled each hollow nook. and wondering tell Of Babel.

fed With naptha and asphaltus. and with the setting sun Dropt from the zenith. Erring. for he with this rebellious rout Fell long before. the Orders bright. from noon to dewy eve. discover. Nor was his name unheard or unadored In ancient Greece. th’ Aegaean isle. like a falling star. A summer’s day. and in Ausonian land Men called him Mulciber. yielded light As from a sky. Each in his Hierarchy. wide Within. Opening their brazen folds. and gave to rule. Pendent by subtle magic. Where sceptred Angels held their residence. His hand was known In Heaven by many a towered structure high. her ample spaces o’er the smooth And level pavement: from the arched roof. And sat as Princes. nor did he scape Free eBooks at Planet eBook. whom the supreme King Exalted to such power. many a row Of starry lamps and blazing cressets. when Egypt with Assyria strove In wealth and luxury. Thus they relate. Th’ ascending pile Stood fixed her stately height. and the work some praise. And some the architect. and how he fell From Heaven they fabled. The hasty multitude Admiring entered.Their 27 . nor aught aviled him now To have built in Heaven high towers. On Lemnos. thrown by angry Jove Sheer o’er the crystal battlements: from morn To noon he fell. and straight the doors.

Meanwhile the winged Heralds. Thick swarmed. and confer Their state-affairs: so thick the airy crowd Swarmed and were straitened. when the Sun with Taurus rides. All access was thronged. the high capital Of Satan and his peers.By all his engines. 28 Paradise Lost . with awful ceremony And trumpet’s sound. throughout the host proclaim A solemn council forthwith to be held At Pandemonium. As bees In spring-time. till. where champions bold Wont ride in armed. they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro. by command Of sovereign power. New rubbed with balm. Behold a wonder! They but now who seemed In bigness to surpass Earth’s giant sons. expatiate. but was headlong sent. Brushed with the hiss of rustling wings. Pour forth their populous youth about the hive In clusters. to build in Hell. both on the ground and in the air. The suburb of their straw-built citadel. but chief the spacious hall (Though like a covered field. or on the smoothed plank. With his industrious crew. the gates And porches wide. or career with lance). and at the Soldan’s chair Defied the best of Paynim chivalry To mortal combat. Their summons called From every band and squared regiment By place or choice the worthiest: they anon With hundreds and with thousands trooping came Attended. the signal given.

Free eBooks at Planet eBook. with jocund music charm his ear. amidst the hall Of that infernal court. Whose midnight revels. while overhead the Moon Sits arbitress. or faery elves. And in their own dimensions like themselves. some belated peasant 29 . After short silence then. on their mirth and dance Intent. Frequent and full. But far within. Or dreams he sees.Now less than smallest dwarfs. And summons read. and were at large. Though without number still. At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms Reduced their shapes immense. The great Seraphic Lords and Cherubim In close recess and secret conclave sat. and nearer to the Earth Wheels her pale course: they. A thousand demi-gods on golden seats. in narrow room Throng numberless—like that pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount. by a forest-side Or fountain. the great consult began.

And trust themselves to fear no second fate!— Me though just right. aspires Beyond thus high. His proud imaginations thus displayed:— ‘Powers and Dominions. and the fixed laws of Heaven. by merit raised To that bad eminence. since no deep within her gulf can hold Immortal vigour. and. free choice With what besides in council or in fight Hath been achieved of merit—yet this loss. hath much more Established in a safe. which far Outshone the wealth or Ormus and of Ind. unenvied throne. Did first create your leader—next. Satan exalted sat. Or where the gorgeous East with richest hand Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold. and. from despair Thus high uplifted beyond hope. by success untaught.Book II igh on a throne of royal state. Deities of Heaven!— For. Yielded with full consent. insatiate to pursue Vain war with Heaven. The happier state 30 Paradise Lost H . I give not Heaven for lost: from this descent Celestial Virtues rising will appear More glorious and more dread than from no fall. Thus far at least recovered. though oppressed and fallen.

Whether of open war or covert guile. I boast not: them let those Contrive who need. not now. and next him Moloch. none whose portion is so small Of present pain that with ambitious mind Will covet more! With this advantage. no strife can grow up there From faction: for none sure will claim in Hell Precedence. His trust was with th’ Eternal to be deemed Equal in strength. might draw Envy from each inferior. Surer to prosper than prosperity Could have assured us. To union. with that care lost Went all his fear: of God. then. Stood up—the strongest and the fiercest Spirit That fought in Heaven. but who here Will envy whom the highest place exposes Foremost to stand against the Thunderer’s aim Your bulwark. More unexpert. which follows dignity. and by what best way. Who can advise may 31 .’ He ceased. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and firm faith.In Heaven. He recked not. and condemns to greatest share Of endless pain? Where there is. or Hell. We now debate. Of wiles. More than can be in Heaven. now fiercer by despair. and these words thereafter spake:— ‘My sentence is for open war. or when they need. no good For which to strive. or worse. and rather than be less Cared not to be at all. we now return To claim our just inheritance of old. sceptred king. then. and firm accord.

With what compulsion and laborious flight We sunk thus low? Th’ ascent is easy. see Black fire and horror shot with equal rage Among his Angels. and. and for their dwelling-place Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame. Th’ event is feared! Should we again provoke 32 Paradise Lost . all at once O’er Heaven’s high towers to force resistless way. for lightning. Who but felt of late. then. if the sleepy drench Of that forgetful lake benumb not still. His own invented torments. Turning our tortures into horrid arms Against the Torturer. When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear Insulting. shall the rest— Millions that stand in arms. while they sit contriving. to meet the noise Of his almighty engine. he shall hear Infernal thunder. and his throne itself Mixed with Tartarean sulphur and strange fire. That in our porper motion we ascend Up to our native seat.For. and steep to scale With upright wing against a higher foe! Let such bethink them. when. descent and fall To us is adverse. Armed with Hell-flames and fury. Heaven’s fugitives. The prison of his ryranny who reigns By our delay? No! let us rather choose. But perhaps The way seems difficult. and longing wait The signal to ascend—sit lingering here. and pursued us through the Deep.

Our stronger. driven out from bliss. And cannot cease to be. condemned In this abhorred deep to utter woe! Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope of end The vassals of his anger. he seemed For dignity composed. and the torturing hour. A fairer person lost not Heaven. and reduce To nothing this essential—happier far Than miserable to have eternal being!— 33 . and his look denounced Desperate revenge. if there be in Hell Fear to be worse destroyed! What can be worse Than to dwell here. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to the height enraged. some worse way his wrath may find To our destruction. Will either quite consume us. Though inaccessible. and high exploit. What fear we then? what doubt we to incense His utmost ire? which. Calls us to penance? More destroyed than thus.’ He ended frowning. And with perpetual inroads to alarm. We should be quite abolished. if our substance be indeed divine. in act more graceful and humane. and expire. when the scourge Inexorably. and by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his Heaven. if not victory. and battle dangerous To less than gods. we are at worst On this side nothing. On th’ other side up rose Belial. his fatal throne: Which. is yet revenge.

and could make the worse appear The better reason. As not behind in hate. and seem to cast Ominous conjecture on the whole success. though his tongue Dropped manna. When he who most excels in fact of arms. or with obscure wing Scout far and wide into the realm of Night. grounds his courage on despair And utter dissolution. would soon expel 34 Paradise Lost . as the scope Of all his aim. Or. and at our heels all Hell should rise With blackest insurrection to confound Heaven’s purest light. but to nobler deeds Timorous and slothful. would on his throne Sit unpolluted. Yet he pleased the ear. could we break our way By force. what revenge? The towers of Heaven are filled With armed watch. that render all access Impregnable: oft on the bodering Deep Encamp their legions. O Peers. In what he counsels and in what excels Mistrustful. Incapable of stain. and th’ ethereal mould.But all was false and hollow. after some dire revenge. yet our great Enemy. And with persuasive accent thus began:— ‘I should be much for open war. if what was urged Main reason to persuade immediate war Did not dissuade me most. First. Scorning surprise. All incorruptible. to perplex and dash Maturest counsels: for his thoughts were low— To vice industrious.

and purge off the baser fire. let loose at once his ire. thus in arms? What when we fled amain. and destined to eternal woe. then?’ Say they who counsel war. What can we suffer worse?’ Is this. then. Devoid of sense and motion? And who knows. Will he. Reserved. Thus repulsed. Let this be good. this intellectual being. or will ever? How he can Is doubtful. that must be our cure— To be no more. Whatever doing.Her mischief. pursued and struck With Heaven’s afflicting thunder. Though full of pain. Belike through impotence or unaware. thus consulting. worst— Thus sitting. swallowed up and lost In the wide womb of uncreated Night. To perish rather. ‘we are decreed. what can we suffer more. that he never will is sure. Those thoughts that wander through eternity. and besought The Deep to shelter us? This Hell then seemed A refuge from those wounds. Sad cure! for who would lose. And that must end us. Victorious. so wise. Or when we lay Chained on the burning lake? That sure was worse. our final hope Is flat despair: we must exasperate Th’ Almighty Victor to spend all his rage. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. whether our angry Foe Can give 35 . and end Them in his anger whom his anger saves To punish endless? ‘Wherefore cease we. To give his enemies their wish.

open or concealed. the sport and prey Or racking whirlwinds. 36 Paradise Lost . Caught in a fiery tempest. or who deceive his mind. to suffer here Chains and these torments? Better these than worse. or from above Should intermitted vengeance arm again His red right hand to plague us? What if all Her stores were opened. and this firmament Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire. while we perhaps. therefore.What if the breath that kindled those grim fires. wrapt in chains. threatening hideous fall One day upon our heads. then. Awaked. Unrespited. should blow them into sevenfold rage. Designing or exhorting glorious war. unreprieved. alike My voice dissuades. And plunge us in the flames. Not more almighty to resist our might Than wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles. By my advice. and omnipotent decree. whose eye Views all things at one view? He from Heaven’s height All these our motions vain sees and derides. thus expelled. or for ever sunk Under yon boiling ocean. unpitied. shall be hurled. Shall we. Ages of hopeless end? This would be worse. Each on his rock transfixed. War. for what can force or guile With him. There to converse with everlasting groans. Impendent horrors. since fate inevitable Subdues us. live thus vile—the race of Heaven Thus trampled.

This was at first resolved.The Victor’s will. Our strength is equal. not feel. or bonds. I laugh when those who at the spear are bold And venturous. what chance. Our Supreme Foe in time may much remit His anger. or pain. against so great a foe Contending. void of pain. with words clothed in reason’s garb. and fear What yet they know must follow—to endure Exile. If we procure not to ourselves more woe. or. The sentence of their Conqueror. if that fail them. will receive Familiar the fierce heat. if his breath stir not their flames. inured. this darkness light. Or. and. shrink. nor the law unjust That so ordains. whence these raging fires Will slacken. changed at length. Counselled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth. thus far removed. Our purer essence then will overcome Their noxious vapour. Besides what hope the never-ending flight Of future days may 37 . what change Worth waiting—since our present lot appears For happy though but ill. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. as to do. which if we can sustain and bear. This is now Our doom. satisfied With what is punished.’ Thus Belial. Not mind us not offending. If we were wise. and perhaps. and so doubtful what might fall. This horror will grow mild. or igominy. To suffer. for ill not worst. and to the place conformed In temper and in nature.

The former. argues as vain The latter. with what eyes could we Stand in his presence humble. Our servile offerings? This must be our task In Heaven. if war be best. this our delight. Him to unthrone we then May hope. and Chaos judge the strife. while he lordly sits Our envied sovereign. preferring Hard liberty before the easy yoke 38 Paradise Lost . but rather seek Our own good from ourselves. unless Heaven’s Lord supreme We overpower? Suppose he should relent And publish grace to all. on promise made Of new subjection.Not peace. Free and to none accountable. though in Heaven. By force impossible. to celebrate his throne With warbled hyms. for what place can be for us Within Heaven’s bound. though in this vast recess. and to his Godhead sing Forced hallelujahs. and his altar breathes Ambrosial odours and ambrosial flowers. and from our own Live to ourselves. by leave obtained Unacceptable. and receive Strict laws imposed. How wearisome Eternity so spent in worship paid To whom we hate! Let us not then pursue. vain to hope. or to regain Our own right lost. our state Of splendid vassalage. when everlasting Fate shall yield To fickle Chance. and after him thus Mammon spake:— ‘Either to disenthrone the King of Heaven We war.

And with the majesty of darkness round Covers his throne. gems and gold. how in safety best we may Compose our present evils. in length of time. our temper changed Into their temper. with regard Of what we are and where. Ye have what I advise. Become our elements. and Heaven resembles Hell! As he our darkness. these piercing fires As soft as now severe.’ He scarce had finished. and the settled state Of order. from whence deep thunders roar. dismissing quite All thoughts of war. We can create. which must needs remove The sensible of pain. Nor want we skill or art from whence to raise Magnificence. Our greatness will appear Then most conspicuous when great things of small. cannot we his light Imitate when we please? This desert soil Wants not her hidden lustre. Useful of hurtful. and work ease out of pain Through labour and endurance. when such murmur filled Th’ assembly as when hollow rocks retain Free eBooks at Planet eBook. prosperous of 39 . and in what place soe’er Thrive under evil.Of servile pomp. All things invite To peaceful counsels. Mustering their rage. This deep world Of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst Thick clouds and dark doth Heaven’s all-ruling Sire Choose to reside. and what can Heaven show more? Our torments also may. his glory unobscured.

Which when Beelzebub perceived—than whom. Majestic. now with hoarse cadence lull Seafaring men o’erwatched. And princely counsel in his face yet shone. Sage he stood With Atlantean shoulders. By policy and long process of time. and his sentence pleased. while thus he spake:— ‘Thrones and Imperial Powers. Ethereal Virtues! or these titles now Must we renounce. Advising peace: for such another field They dreaded worse than Hell. Offspring of Heaven. fit to bear The weight of mightiest monarchies. Satan except. and build up here 40 Paradise Lost . and in his rising seemed A pillar of state. none higher sat—with grave Aspect he rose. and no less desire To found this nether empire. his look Drew audience and attention still as night Or summer’s noontide air. In emulation opposite to Heaven. and public care. changing style. which might rise. anchors in a craggy bay After the tempest. so much the fear Of thunder and the sword of Michael Wrought still within them. be called Princes of Hell? for so the popular vote Inclines—here to continue. Deep on his front engraven Deliberation sat. which all night long Had roused the sea.The sound of blustering winds. though in ruin. Such applause was heard As Mammon ended. and. whose bark by chance Or pinnace.

but over Hell extend His empire. though slow.A growing empire. Under th’ inevitable curb. whose high walls fear no assault or siege. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. hostility and hate. to be sure. though thus far removed. Yet ever plotting how the Conqueror least May reap his conquest. In height or depth. But. Untamed reluctance. terms of peace yet none Vouchsafed or sought. and revenge. in new league Banded against his throne. And know not that the King of Heaven hath doomed This place our dungeon. For he. and may least rejoice In doing what we most in suffering feel? Nor will occasion 41 . as with his golden those in Heaven. and of his kingdom lose no part By our revolt. to our power. reserved His captive multitude. nor shall we need With dangerous expedition to invade Heaven. What sit we then projecting peace and war? War hath determined us and foiled with loss Irreparable. not our safe retreat Beyond his potent arm. but custody severe. and with iron sceptre rule Us here. doubtless! while we dream. to live exempt From Heaven’s high jurisdiction. but to remain In strictest bondage. And stripes and arbitrary punishment Inflicted? and what peace can we return. still first and last will reign Sole king. for what peace will be given To us enslaved.

This would surpass Common revenge. or. to learn What creatures there inhabit. and what their power And where their weakness: how attempted best. this place may lie exposed. that their God May prove their foe. and by an oath That shook Heaven’s whole circumference confirmed. The utmost border of his kingdom. so was his will Pronounced among the Gods. or possess All as our own. and interrupt his joy In our confusion. And Heaven’s high Arbitrator sit secure In his own strength. if not drive. though less In power and excellence. left To their defence who hold it: here. and drive. By force of subtlety. but favoured more Of him who rules above. as we were driven. called Man. Though Heaven be shut. What if we find Some easier enterprise? There is a place (If ancient and prophetic fame in Heaven Err not)—another World. Some advantageous act may be achieved By sudden onset—either with Hell-fire To waste his whole creation. of what mould Or substance. perhaps. The puny habitants. about this time To be created like to us. and with repenting hand Abolish his own works. the happy seat Of some new race.Or ambush from the Deep. Seduce them to our party. and our joy upraise 42 Paradise Lost . how endued. Thither let us bend all our thoughts.

and. done all to spite The great Creator? But their spite still serves His glory to 43 . The bold design Pleased highly those infernal States. Hurled headlong to partake with us. shall curse Their frail original. when his darling sons. with neighbouring arms. and faded bliss— Faded so soon! Advise if this be worth Attempting. or to sit in darkness here Hatching vain empires. and in part proposed: for whence. and Earth with Hell To mingle and involve. And opportune excursion. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and joy Sparkled in all their eyes: with full assent They vote: whereat his speech he thus renews:— ‘Well have ye judged. which from the lowest deep Will once more lift us up.In his disturbance.’ Thus beelzebub Pleaded his devilish counsel—first devised By Satan. Great things resolved. or else in some mild zone Dwell. in spite of fate. To heal the scar of these corrosive fires. Synod of Gods. well ended long debate. could spring So deep a malice. like to what ye are. not unvisited of Heaven’s fair light. to confound the race Of mankind in one root. Nearer our ancient seat—perhaps in view Of those bright confines. Secure. we may chance Re-enter Heaven. and at the brightening orient beam Purge off this gloom: the soft delicious air. whence. But from the author of all ill.

’ This said. and each In other’s countenance read his own dismay.Shall breathe her balm. can then Suffice. till. for on whom we send The weight of all. Upborne with indefatigable wings Over the vast abrupt. or spread his airy flight. Satan. or oppose. relies. unbottomed. Pondering the danger with deep thoughts. ere he arrive The happy Isle? What strength. at last. or undertake The perilous attempt. Through the strict senteries and stations thick Of Angels watching round? Here he had need All circumspection: and we now no less Choice in our suffrage. Alone. whom now transcendent glory raised Above his fellows. and our last hope. infinite Abyss. whom shall we send In search of this new World? whom shall we find Sufficient? who shall tempt with wandering feet The dark. But. or what evasion bear him safe. what art. with monarchal pride Conscious of highest worth. awaiting who appeared To second. the dreadful voyage. And through the palpable obscure find out His uncouth way. first. and expectation held His look suspense. Astonished. None among the choice and prime Of those Heaven-warring champions could be found So hardy as to proffer or accept. unmoved thus spake:— ‘O Progeny of Heaven! Empyreal Thrones! 44 Paradise Lost . But all sat mute. he sat.

that out of Hell leads up to light. therefore. what remains him less Than unknown dangers. and not refuse to reign. Wide-gaping. While here shall be our home. the void profound Of unessential Night receives him next. Barred over us. Long is the way And hard. and as hard escape? But I should ill become this throne. intend at home. into whatever world. And this imperial sovereignty. Or unknown region. what best may ease The present 45 . Our prison strong. armed with power. and with utter loss of being Threatens him. adorned With splendour. though undismayed. due alike To him who reigns. and gates of burning adamant. Terror of Heaven. prohibit all egress. immures us round Ninefold. and render Hell Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Refusing to accept as great a share Of hazard as of honour. and so much to him due Of hazard more as he above the rest High honoured sits? Go. though fallen. These passed. mighty Powers. if any pass. O Peers. plunged in that abortive gulf. Wherefore do I assume These royalties. this huge convex of fire. if aught proposed And judged of public moment in the shape Of difficulty or danger. could deter Me from attempting.With reason hath deep silence and demur Seized us. If thence he scape. Outrageous to devour.

Nor failed they to express how much they praised That for the general safety he despised His own: for neither do the Spirits damned Lose all their virtue.’ Thus saying. This enterprise None shall partake with me. Their rising all at once was as the sound Of thunder heard remote. or deceive. so refused. Certain to be refused. rejoicing in their matchless Chief: As. Or close ambition varnished o’er with zeal. And. Others among the chief might offer now.More tolerable. rose The Monarch. Thus they their doubtful consultations dark Ended. lest bad men should boast Their specious deeds on earth. if there be cure or charm To respite. might in opinion stand His rivals. But they Dreaded not more th’ adventure than his voice Forbidding. Towards him they bend With awful reverence prone. while I abroad Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek Deliverance for us all. Prudent lest. what erst they feared. and at once with him they rose. and prevented all reply. and as a God Extol him equal to the Highest in Heaven. when from mountain-tops the dusky clouds 46 Paradise Lost . winning cheap the high repute Which he through hazard huge must earn. or slack the pain Of this ill mansion: intermit no watch Against a wakeful foe. which glory excites. from his resolution raised.

men only disagree Of creatures rational. Then of their session ended they bid cry With trumpet’s regal sound the great result: Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy. 47 . with farewell sweet. that hill and valley rings. and. And god-like imitated state: him round A globe of fiery Seraphim enclosed With bright emblazonry. while the north wind sleeps.Ascending. and forth In order came the grand infernal Peers: Midst came their mighty Paramount. If chance the radiant sun. and bleating herds Attest their joy. and levy cruel wars Wasting the earth. That day and night for his destruction wait! The Stygian council thus dissolved. the fields revive. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Extend his evening beam. O shame to men! Devil with devil damned Firm concord holds. with pomp supreme. o’erspread Heaven’s cheerful face. and horrent arms. Yet live in hatred. and strife Among themselves. and seemed Alone th’ antagonist of Heaven. The birds their notes renew. though under hope Of heavenly grace. nor less Than Hell’s dread Emperor. each other to destroy: As if (which might induce us to accord) Man had not hellish foes enow besides. God proclaiming peace. the louring element Scowls o’er the darkened landscape snow or shower.

more mild. and somewhat raised By false presumptuous hope. Till thickest legions close. Part curb their fiery steeds. or fronted brigades form: As when. the ranged Powers Disband. felt th’ envenomed robe. Part on the plain. And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw Into th’ Euboic sea. from Oechalia crowned With conquest. and tore Through pain up by the roots Thessalian pines. and entertain The irksome hours. Upon the wing or in swift race contend. wandering. till his great Chief return. each his several way Pursues. 48 Paradise Lost . and ride the air In whirlwind. to warn proud cities. and all the host of Hell With deafening shout returned them loud acclaim. with vast Typhoean rage. and couch their spears. as inclination or sad choice Leads him perplexed. before each van Prick forth the airy knights. and armies rush To battle in the clouds. Rend up both rocks and hills. Others. or in the air sublime. As at th’ Olympian games or Pythian fields. where he may likeliest find Truce to his restless thoughts. with feats of arms From either end of heaven the welkin burns.By herald’s voice explained. more fell. or shun the goal With rapid wheels. and. war appears Waged in the troubled sky. Thence more at ease their minds. Hell scarce holds the wild uproar:— As when Alcides. the hollow Abyss Heard far adn wide. Others.

In discourse more sweet (For Eloquence the Soul. Song charms the Sense) Others apart sat on a hill retired. if any clime perhaps Might yield them easier habitation. Of good and evil much they argued then. and glory and shame: Vain wisdom all. in squadrons and gross bands. Passion and apathy.Retreated in a silent valley. along the banks Of four infernal rivers. and Fate— Fixed fate. and excite Fallacious hope. Foreknowledge. and reasoned high Of Providence. And found no end. foreknowledge 49 . bend Four ways their flying march. but the harmony (What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?) Suspended Hell. Their song was partial. and hapless fall By doom of battle. sing With notes angelical to many a harp Their own heroic deeds. Will. or arm th’ obdured breast With stubborn patience as with triple steel. free will. Another part. and false philosophy!— Yet. and took with ravishment The thronging audience. In thoughts more elevate. that disgorge Free eBooks at Planet eBook. in wandering mazes lost. Of happiness and final misery. and complain that Fate Free Virtue should enthrall to Force or Chance. could charm Pain for a while or anguish. with a pleasing sorcery. On bold adventure to discover wide That dismal world.

all else deep snow and ice. extremes by change more fierce. At certain revolutions all the damned Are brought. by harpy-footed Furies haled. Where armies whole have sunk: the parching air Burns frore. Sad Acheron of sorrow. whereof who drinks Forthwith his former state and being forgets— Forgets both joy and grief. Cocytus. rolls Her watery labyrinth. a slow and silent stream. beat with perpetual storms Of whirlwind and dire hail. but gathers heap. Lethe. the flood of deadly hate. and cold performs th’ effect of fire. the river of oblivion. and ruin seems Of ancient pile. pleasure and pain. From beds of raging fire to starve in ice Their soft ethereal warmth. and frozen round Periods of time. infixed. and there to pine Immovable. black and deep.Into the burning lake their baleful streams— Abhorred Styx.—thence hurried back to fire. Far off from these. named of lamentation loud Heard on the rueful stream. which on firm land Thaws not. A gulf profound as that Serbonian bog Betwixt Damiata and Mount Casius old. Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage. Thither. and feel by turns the bitter change Of fierce extremes. They ferry over this Lethean sound 50 Paradise Lost . Beyond this flood a frozen continent Lies dark and wild. fierce Phlegeton.

all prodigious things. to oppose th’ attempt. and Hydras. With shuddering horror pale. which God by curse Created evil. with thoughts inflamed of highest design. Through many a dark and dreary vale They passed. and worse Than fables yet have feigned or fear conceived. lakes. with one small drop to lose In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe. Thus roving on In confused march forlorn. Satan. and Chimeras dire. dens. Meanwhile the Adversary of God and Man. Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards The ford. bogs. and shades of death— A universe of death. th’ adventurous bands. Viewed first their lamentable lot. and Nature breeds. But Fate withstands. as once it fled The lip of Tantalus. and toward the gates of Hell Explores his solitary flight: sometimes He scours the right hand coast. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. All in one moment. Rocks. and eyes 51 . And wish and struggle. their sorrow to augment. O’er many a frozen. Obominable. as they pass. for evil only good. many a fiery alp. sometimes the left. inutterable.Both to and fro. and so near the brink. and many a region dolorous. Perverse. and. caves. fens. all monstrous. and of itself the water flies All taste of living wight. Where all life dies. death lives. to reach The tempting stream. Puts on swift wings. and found No rest. Gorgons.

and fair. called 52 Paradise Lost . Three iron. three of adamantine rock. they on the trading flood. But ended foul in many a scaly fold. into her womb. Impenetrable. when. The one seemed woman to the waist. And kennel there. high reaching to the horrid roof. And thrice threefold the gates. when they list. Yet unconsumed.Now shaves with level wing the deep. three folds were brass. impaled with circling fire. Nor uglier follow the night-hag. yet there still barked and howled Within unseen. Far less abhorred than these Vexed Scylla. Ply stemming nightly toward the pole: so seemed Far off the flying Fiend. would creep. or the isles Of Ternate and Tidore. Before the gates there sat On either side a formidable Shape. by equinoctial winds Close sailing from Bengala. whence merchants bring Their spicy drugs. About her middle round A cry of Hell-hounds never-ceasing barked With wide Cerberean mouths full loud. If aught disturbed their noise. bathing in the sea that parts Calabria from the hoarse Trinacrian shore. Voluminous and vast—a serpent armed With mortal sting. then soars Up to the fiery concave towering high. and rung A hideous peal. As when far off at sea a fleet descried Hangs in the clouds. At last appear Hell-bounds. Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape. yet.

and in proud rebellious arms Free eBooks at Planet eBook. or taste thy folly.In secret. while the labouring moon Eclipses at their charms. execrable Shape. And shook a dreadful dart: what seemed his head The likeness of a kingly crown had on. joint. Or substance might be called that shadow seemed. For each seemed either—black it stood as Night. and learn by proof. And with disdainful look thus first began:— ‘Whence and what art thou. not to contend with Spirits of Heaven. to dance With Lapland witches. Hell-born. advance Thy miscreated front athwart my way To yonder gates? Through them I mean to pass. That be assured. Lured with the smell of infant blood. or limb. till then Unbroken. Hell trembled as he strode. without leave asked of thee. Th’ undaunted Fiend what this might be admired— Admired. Retire. riding through the air she comes. terrible as Hell. Who first broke peace in Heaven and faith. though grim and terrible. Satan was now at hand. The other Shape— If shape it might be called that shape had none Distinguishable in 53 .’ To whom the Goblin. That dar’st. full of wrath. Fierce as ten Furies. replied:— ‘Art thou that traitor Angel? art thou he. and from his seat The monster moving onward came as fast With horrid strides. not feared (God and his Son except. Created thing naught valued he nor shunned).

and pangs unfelt before. With heaven’s artillery fraught. came rattling on Over the Caspian. Thy king and lord? Back to thy punishment.—then stand front to front Hovering a space. their fatal hands No second stroke intend. 54 Paradise Lost . and breath’st defiance here and scorn. are here condemned To waste eternal days in woe and pain? And reckon’st thou thyself with Spirits of Heaven Hell-doomed. and such a frown Each cast at th’ other as when two black clouds. Satan stood Unterrified. or with one stroke of this dart Strange horror seize thee. to enrage thee more. Conjured against the Highest—for which both thou And they. grew tenfold. so matched they stood. and in shape. More dreadful and deform. Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue Thy lingering. Each at the head Levelled his deadly aim. and from his horrid hair Shakes pestilence and war. and to thy speed add wings. That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge In th’ arctic sky. and like a comet burned. So frowned the mighty combatants that Hell Grew darker at their frown. So speaking and so threatening. till winds the signal blow To join their dark encounter in mid-air. Incensed with indignation. On th’ other side. outcast from God.Drew after him the third part of Heaven’s sons. and. Where I reign king. False fugitive.’ So spake the grisly Terror.

and at her words the hellish Pest Forbore: then these to her Satan returned:— ‘So strange thy outcry. ‘Against thy only son? What fury. and thy words so strange Thou interposest. bids— His wrath. O son. And now great deeds Had been achieved. what intends thy hand. thou call’st Me father. then.’ she cried. till first I know of thee What thing thou art. In this infernal vale first met.For never but once more was wither like To meet so great a foe.’ T’ whom thus the Portress of Hell-gate replied:— ‘Hast thou forgot me. which one day will destroy ye both!’ She 55 . that my sudden hand. and do I seem Now in thine eye so foul?—once deemed so fair In Heaven. when at th’ assembly. whereof all Hell had rung. Had not the snaky Sorceress. and why. and in sight Free eBooks at Planet eBook. I know thee not. Prevented. and laughs the while At thee. and that phantasm call’st my son. which he calls justice. thus double-formed. nor ever saw till now Sight more detestable than him and thee. that sat Fast by Hell-gate and kept the fatal key. and with hideous outcry rushed between. spares to tell thee yet by deeds What it intends. Possesses thee to bend that mortal dart Against thy father’s head? And know’st for whom? For him who sits above. Risen. ordained his drudge to execute Whate’er his wrath. ‘O father.

but. 56 Paradise Lost . dim thine eyes and dizzy swum In darkness. with charge to keep These gates for ever shut. Becam’st enamoured. full oft Thyself in me thy perfect image viewing. familiar grown. a goddess armed. I pleased. Then shining heavenly fair. Amazement seized All th’ host of Heaven. back they recoiled afraid At first. while thy head flames thick and fast Threw forth. and called me Sin. And fields were fought in Heaven: wherein remained (For what could else?) to our Almighty Foe Clear victory. Meanwhile war arose. All on a sudden miserable pain Surprised thee. Down they fell.Of all the Seraphim with thee combined In bold conspiracy against Heaven’s King. till on the left side opening wide. and for a sign Portentous held me. and with attractive graces won The most averse—thee chiefly. and such joy thou took’st With me in secret that my womb conceived A growing burden. Driven headlong from the pitch of Heaven. Out of thy head I sprung. who. Likest to thee in shape and countenance bright. and in the general fall I also: at which time this powerful key Into my hands was given. but long I sat not. Pensive here I sat Alone. to our part loss and rout Through all the Empyrean. which none can pass Without my opening. till my womb. down Into this Deep.

and. Made to destroy. At last this odious offspring whom thou seest. with fear and pain Distorted. my son and foe. that. bursting forth Afresh. all dismayed. breaking violent way. all my nether shape thus grew Transformed: but he my inbred enemy Forth issued. his parent. and cried out Death! Hell trembled at the hideous name. as thou saw’st—hourly conceived And hourly born. Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. in embraces forcible and foul Engendering with me. into the womb That bred them they return. but that he knows His end with mine involved. Me overtook. when they list. I fled. it seems. his mother. with conscious terrors vex me round. Thine own begotten. and knows that I Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and howl. of that rape begot These yelling monsters. but he pursued (though more. brandishing his fatal dart. and gnaw My bowels. would full soon devour For want of other prey. And me. and sighed From all her caves. their repast. who set them on. Tore through my entrails. Before mine eyes in opposition sits Grim Death. and now excessive grown. for. That rest or intermission none I find. Inflamed with lust than rage). 57 . that with ceaseless cry Surround me. swifter far.Pregnant by thee. and back resounded Death! I fled. with sorrow infinite To me. then.

by concurring signs. though more removed. now milder. with wandering quest. Whenever that shall be: so Fate pronounced. the dear pledge Of dalliance had with thee in Heaven. shun His deadly arrow. now sad to mention. I forewarn thee. a place foretold Should be—and. Lest Heaven. and the subtle Fiend his lore Soon learned. through dire change Befallen us unforeseen. and thus answered smooth:— ‘Dear daughter—since thou claim’st me for thy sire. and all the heavenly host Of Spirits that. in our just pretences armed. unthought-of—know. with lonely steps to tread Th’ unfounded Deep. Through tempered heavenly. and one for all Myself expose. none can resist. neither vainly hope To be invulnerable in those bright arms. surcharged with potent multitude. 58 Paradise Lost . to supply Perhaps our vacant room.’ She finished. But thou. and therein placed A race of upstart creatures. and joys Then sweet. ere now Created vast and round—a place of bliss In the purlieus of Heaven. Fell with us from on high. And my fair son here show’st me. Save he who reigns above. I come no enemy.Should prove a bitter morsel. but to set free From out this dark and dismal house of pain Both him and thee. and through the void immense To search. From them I go This uncouth errand sole. O father. for that mortal dint. and his bane.

by him forbidden to unlock These adamantine gates. shall soon return. Be this. I keep. for both seemed highly pleased. and hath hither thrust me down Into this gloom of Tartarus profound. and blessed his maw Destined to that good hour. all things shall be your prey. to hear His famine should be filled. and thus bespake her sire:— ‘The key of this infernal Pit. by due And by command of Heaven’s all-powerful King. Inhabitant of Heaven and heavenly born— Here in perpetual agony and pain. thou my author. or aught Than this more secret. But what owe I to his commands above. this once known.’ He ceased. embalmed With odours. I haste To know. And bring ye to the place where thou and Death Shall dwell at ease. Who hates me. There ye shall be fed and filled Immeasurably. Fearless to be o’ermatched by living might. With terrors and with clamours compassed round Of mine own brood. against all force Death ready stands to interpose his dart. thou My being gav’st me. and Death Grinned horrible a ghastly smile. now designed. whom should I obey Free eBooks at Planet eBook. To sit in hateful office here confined.Might hap to move new 59 . that on my bowels feed? Thou art my father. and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom air. and. No less rejoiced His mother bad.

and on their hinges grate Harsh thunder. as beseems Thy daughter and thy darling. are lost. So wide they stood. Without dimension. On a sudden open fly.’ Thus saying. and every bolt and bar Of massy iron or solid rock with ease Unfastens. but to shut Excelled her power: the gates wide open stood.But thee? whom follow? Thou wilt bring me soon To that new world of light and bliss. where eldest Night 60 Paradise Lost . where length. And. That with extended wings a bannered host. Which. not all the Stygian Powers Could once have moved. from her side the fatal key. And time. and like a furnace-mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame. where I shall reign At thy right hand voluptuous. She opened. she took. breadth. Under spread ensigns marching. that the lowest bottom shook Of Erebus. Before their eyes in sudden view appear The secrets of the hoary Deep—a dark Illimitable ocean. and height. among The gods who live at ease. and place. With impetuous recoil and jarring sound. Th’ infernal doors. but herself. without end. Forthwith the huge portcullis high up-drew. mibht pass through With horse and chariots ranked in loose array. then in the key-hole turns Th’ intricate wards. Sad instrument of all our woe. towards the gate rolling her bestial train. without bound.

four champions fierce. or slow. and poise Their lighter wings. For 61 . Cold. And by decision more embroils the fray By which he reigns: next him. Moist. swift. ancestors of Nature. nor shore. high arbiter. and Dry. smooth. bent to rase Free eBooks at Planet eBook. To whom these most adhere He rules a moment: Chaos umpire sits. Chance governs all. amidst the noise Of endless wars. Pondering his voyage. Swarm populous. and which thus must ever fight. sharp. nor fire. Light-armed or heavy. and by confusion stand. nor air. Of neither sea. But all these in their pregnant causes mixed Confusedly. Strive here for mastery. Levied to side with warring winds. hold Eternal anarchy. The womb of Nature. Into this wild Abyss. Unless th’ Almighty Maker them ordain His dark materials to create more worlds— Into this wild Abyss the wary Fiend Stood on the brink of Hell and looked a while. Nor was his ear less pealed With noises loud and ruinous (to compare Great things with small) than when Bellona storms With all her battering engines. and perhaps her grave. in their several clans. unnumbered as the sands Of Barca or Cyrene’s torrid soil.And Chaos. for no narrow frith He had to cross. and to battle bring Their embryon atoms: they around the flag Of each his faction.

At last his sail-broad vans He spread for flight. that seat soon failing. hurried him As many miles aloft. The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud. thence many a league. That fury stayed— Quenched in a boggy Syrtis. o’er hill or moory dale. in the surging smoke Uplifted. As when a gryphon through the wilderness With winged course. but. meets A vast vacuity. As in a cloudy chair. half on foot. and voices all confused. wings. who by stealth Had from his wakeful custody purloined The guarded gold. Fluttering his pennons vain. ascending rides Audacious. by ill chance. And swims. and. plumb-down he drops Ten thousand fathom deep. Treading the crude consistence. spurns the ground. hands. and these elements In mutiny had from her axle torn The steadfast Earth. rough. and to this hour Down had been falling. on he fares. All unawares. or wades. Instinct with fire and nitre. Pursues the Arimaspian. or rare. neither sea. or creeps. through strait. or sinks. Nor good dry land—nigh foundered. 62 Paradise Lost . With head. behoves him now both oar and sail. dense.Some capital city. so eagerly the Fiend O’er bog or steep. pursues his way. or less than if this frame Of Heaven were falling. At length a universal hubbub wild Of stunning sounds. or feet. Half flying. or flies. had not.

Alone and without guide. Chaos and ancient Night. no mean recompense it brings Free eBooks at Planet eBook. thither to arrive I travel this profound. or.Borne through the hollow dark. Rumour next. half lost. And Discord with a thousand various mouths. thus:—‘Ye Powers And Spirtis of this nethermost Abyss. Thither he plies Undaunted. assaults his ear With loudest vehemence. and Confusion. T’ whom Satan. if some other place. to meet there whatever Power Or Spirit of the nethermost Abyss Might in that noise reside. when straight behold the throne Of 63 . and Chance. and his dark pavilion spread Wide on the wasteful Deep! With him enthroned Sat sable-vested Night. From your dominion won. And Tumult. as my way Lies through your spacious empire up to light. but. of whom to ask Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies Bordering on light. eldest of things. I seek. th’ Ethereal King Possesses lately. by constraint Wandering this darksome desert. all embroiled. and by them stood Orcus and Ades. The consort of his reign. Direct my course: Directed. I come no spy With purpose to explore or to disturb The secrets of your realm. turning boldly. and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon. What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds Confine with Heaven.

who thou art— *** That mighty leading Angel. linked in a golden chain To that side Heaven from whence your legions fell! If that way be your walk. I saw and heard. though overthrown. stretching far and wide beneath. and him thus the Anarch old.To your behoof. I upon my frontiers here Keep residence. Answered: ‘I know thee. and Heaven-gates Poured out by millions her victorious bands. are my gain. So much the nearer danger. Hell. mine the revenge!’ Thus Satan. and speed. for such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted Deep. another world Hung o’er my realm. stranger. Now lately Heaven and Earth. Confusion worse confounded. you have not far. Go. With ruin upon ruin. All usurpation thence expelled. Yours be th’ advantage all. and Satan stayed not to reply. With faltering speech and visage incomposed. Pursuing. Havoc. reduce To her original darkness and your sway (Which is my present journey). and spoil. if I that region lost.’ He ceased. Your dungeon. and once more Erect the standard there of ancient Night. and ruin. rout on rout. who of late Made head against Heaven’s King. if all I can will serve That little which is left so to defend. Encroached on still through our intestine broils Weakening the sceptre of old Night: first. 64 Paradise Lost .

glad that now his sea should find a shore. reaching th’ utmost orb Of this frail World. and through the shock Of fighting elements. harder beset And more endangered than when Argo passed Through Bosporus betwixt the justling rocks. With fresh alacrity and force renewed Springs upward. by which the Spirits perverse With easy intercourse pass to and fro To tempt or punish mortals. Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunned Charybdis. Into the wild expanse. wins his way. Here Nature first begins Her farthest verge. and by th’ other whirlpool steered. whose boiling gulf Tamely endured a bridge of wondrous length. As from her outmost works. Following his track (such was the will of Heaven) Paved after him a broad and beaten way Over the dark Abyss. he once passed. except whom God and good Angels guard by special grace. But now at last the sacred influence Of light appears. But. and from the walls of Heaven Shoots far into the bosom of dim Night A glimmering dawn. a broken foe. soon after. on all sides round Environed. with difficulty and labour he. and Chaos to retire. like a pyramid of fire. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Strange alteration! Sin and Death amain. when Man fell. So he with difficulty and labour hard Moved on. From Hell 65 .

holds Gladly the port. With opal towers and battlements adorned Of living sapphire. And. hanging in a golden chain. Or in the emptier waste. Weighs his spread wings. once his native seat. This pendent World. though shrouds and tackle torn. and now with ease. And. resembling air. full fraught with mischievous revenge. Thither. extended wide In circuit. in bigness as a star Of smallest magnitude close by the moon. at leisure to behold Far off th’ empyreal Heaven. Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light. 66 Paradise Lost . undetermined square or round. Accursed. fast by. That Satan with less toil.With tumult less and with less hostile din. like a weather-beaten vessel. and in a cursed hour. he hies.

while in my flight Through utter and through middle darkness borne. and find no dawn. Before the Heavens thou wert. Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing. And feel thy sovran vital lamp. Won from the void and formless infinite. Whose fountain who shall tell? before the sun. didst invest *** The rising world of waters dark and deep. offspring of Heaven firstborn. as with a mantle. Taught by the heavenly Muse to venture down The dark descent. and at the voice Of 67 . Or of the Eternal coeternal beam May I express thee unblam’d? since God is light. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. With other notes than to the Orphean lyre I sung of Chaos and eternal Night. Or hear”st thou rather pure ethereal stream. And never but in unapproached light Dwelt from eternity. holy Light. Escap’d the Stygian pool.Book III H ail. though long detain’d In that obscure sojourn. Though hard and rare: Thee I revisit safe. that roll in vain To find thy piercing ray. dwelt then in thee Bright effluence of bright essence increate. and up to re-ascend. but thou Revisit’st not these eyes.

So much the rather thou. or herds. And Tiresias. Blind Thamyris. and for the book of knowledge fair Presented with a universal blank Of nature’s works to me expung’d and ras’d. where the Muses haunt. Thus with the year Seasons return. or summer’s rose. And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. all mist from thence 68 Paradise Lost . but chief Thee. Yet not the more Cease I to wander. and blind Maeonides. and the mind through all her powers Irradiate. from the cheerful ways of men Cut off. or human face divine. Clear spring. and in shadiest covert hid Tunes her nocturnal note. and the flowery brooks beneath. there plant eyes. or shady grove. Or dim suffusion veil’d. celestial Light. that voluntary move Harmonious numbers. and ever-during dark Surrounds me. But cloud instead. Smit with the love of sacred song. Thy sovran command. Nightly I visit: nor sometimes forget So were I equall’d with them in renown. Sion. That wash thy hallow’d feet. that Man should find grace.So thick a drop serene hath quench’d their orbs. Or flocks. or the sweet approach of even or morn. Shine inward. but not to me returns Day. and warbling flow. as the wakeful bird Sings darkling. prophets old: Then feed on thoughts. Or sight of vernal bloom. or sunny hill. and Phineus.

Purge and disperse. on his right The radiant image of his glory sat. and ready now To stoop with wearied wings. yet the only two Of mankind in the happy garden plac’d Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love. present. His only son. unrivall’d love. From the pure empyrean where he sits High thron’d above all highth. Him God beholding from his prospect high. Now had the Almighty Father from 69 . In blissful solitude. Uninterrupted joy. Wherein past. nor all the chains Free eBooks at Planet eBook. that seem’d Firm land imbosom’d. on earth he first beheld Our two first parents. On the bare outside of this world. and from his sight receiv’d Beatitude past utterance. in ocean or in air. future. that I may see and tell Of things invisible to mortal sight. and Satan there Coasting the wall of Heaven on this side Night In the dun air sublime. he then survey’d Hell and the gulf between. bent down his eye His own works and their works at once to view: About him all the Sanctities of Heaven Stood thick as stars. Uncertain which. Only begotten Son. seest thou what rage Transports our Adversary? whom no bounds Prescrib’d no bars of Hell. he beholds. and willing feet. without firmament. Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake.

By some false guile pervert. nor yet the main abyss Wide interrupt. and them who fail’d. When will and reason (reason also is choice) Useless and vain. or. of freedom both despoil’d. can hold. though free to fall. Such I created all the ethereal Powers And Spirits. constant faith or love. so bent he seems On desperate revenge. he had of me All he could have. Not what they would? what praise could they receive? What pleasure I from such obedience paid. Not free. in the precincts of light. Not me? they therefore. 70 Paradise Lost . Through all restraint broke loose. And now.Heap’d on him there. Freely they stood who stood. with purpose to assay If him by force he can destroy. had serv’d necessity. as to right belong$ ‘d. that shall redound Upon his own rebellious head. Sole pledge of his obedience: So will fall He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault? Whose but his own? ingrate. Sufficient to have stood. Directly towards the new created world. Where only what they needs must do appear’d. and shall pervert. both them who stood. And easily transgress the sole command. For man will hearken to his glozing lies. I made him just and right. Made passive both. and fell who fell. what proof could they have given sincere Of true allegiance. he wings his way Not far off Heaven. worse. And man there plac’d.

deceiv’d By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace. first and last. The other none: In mercy and justice both. so shall my glory excel. ambrosial fragrance fill’d All Heaven. But Mercy. Thus while God spake. not I. Through Heaven and Earth. So without least impulse or shadow of fate. As if predestination over-rul’d Their will dispos’d by absolute decree Or high foreknowledge they themselves decreed Their own revolt. Which had no less proved certain 71 . Till they enthrall themselves. Self-tempted. in him all his Father shone Substantially express’d. for so I form’d them free: and free they must remain. and in the blessed Spirits elect Sense of new joy ineffable diffus’d. I else must change Their nature.So were created. The first sort by their own suggestion fell. They trespass. which ordain’d $THeir freedom: they themselves ordain’d their fall. if I foreknew. eternal. and in his face Free eBooks at Planet eBook. authors to themselves in all Both what they judge. shall brightest shine. nor can justly accuse Their Maker. self-deprav’d: Man falls. or their making. and revoke the high decree Unchangeable. Beyond compare the Son of God was seen Most glorious. Or aught by me immutably foreseen. or their fate. and what they choose. Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault.

O Father. with the innumerable sound Of hymns and sacred songs. Which uttering. thus he to his Father spake. and to Hell Draw after him the whole race of mankind. what for thy glory thou hast made? So should thy goodness and thy greatness both Be question’d and blasphem’d without defence. wherewith thy throne Encompass’d shall resound thee ever blest. and frustrate thine? shall he fulfill His malice. 72 Paradise Lost . Thy creature late so lov’d. and unmake For him. Yet with revenge accomplish’d. gracious was that word which clos’d Thy sovran command. O son. who art judge Of all things made. though to his heavier doom. For which both Heaven and earth shall high extol Thy praises. thy youngest son. and thy goodness bring to nought. and judgest only right. Father.Divine compassion visibly appear’d. By him corrupted? or wilt thou thyself Abolish thy creation. Or proud return. That far be from thee. and without measure grace. Fall circumvented thus by fraud. in whom my soul hath chief delight. should Man. Or shall the Adversary thus obtain His end. though join’d With his own folly? that be from thee far. that Man should find grace. Love without end. To whom the great Creator thus replied. that Man should find grace. . For should Man finally be lost.

Though but endeavour’d with sincere 73 . and to appease betimes The incensed Deity. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. whom if they will hear. and bring obedience due. What may suffice. and oft be warn’d Their sinful state. and effectual might. Man shall not quite be lost. Light after light. repent. Son who art alone. And I will place within them as a guide. that he may know how frail His fallen condition is. yet once more he shall stand On even ground against his mortal foe. And to the end. they shall attain. Mine ear shall not be slow. my wisdom. Yet not of will in him. and soften stony hearts To pray. safe arrive. once more I will renew His lapsed powers. so is my will: The rest shall hear me call. and enthrall’d By sin to foul exorbitant desires. Upheld by me. Some I have chosen of peculiar grace. and obedience due. though forfeit. By me upheld. All hast thou spoken as my thoughts are.Son of my bosom. but sav’d who will. while offer’d grace Invites. My word. To prayer. persisting. and to me owe All his deliverance. for I will clear their senses dark. My umpire Conscience. but grace in me Freely vouchsaf’d. repentance. and to none but me. well us’d. all As my eternal purpose hath decreed. Elect above the rest. mine eye not shut.

And none but such from mercy I exclude. Patron or intercessour none appear’d. But hard be harden’d. They who neglect and scorn. He. breaks his fealty. blind be blinded more. Say. His dearest mediation thus renew’d. Die he or justice must. But to destruction sacred and devote. and. 74 Paradise Lost . Much less that durst upon his own head draw The deadly forfeiture. and sins Against the high supremacy of Heaven. And now without redemption all mankind Must have been lost. and as willing. and deeper fall. pay The rigid satisfaction. In whom the fulness dwells of love divine. to redeem Man’s mortal crime. and my day of grace. and just the unjust to save? Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? And silence was in Heaven: $ on Man’s behalf He ask’d. adjudg’d to Death and Hell By doom severe. That they may stumble on. where shall we find such love? Which of you will be mortal. Man disobeying. But yet all is not done. and ransom set. with his whole posterity.This my long sufferance. so losing all. but all the heavenly quire stood mute. unless for him Some other able. To expiate his treason hath nought left. must die. had not the Son of God. Affecting God-head. death for death. Disloyal. heavenly Powers. shall never taste.

on me let Death wreak all his rage. hath none to bring. Account me Man. and am his 75 . thy word is past. and subdue My vanquisher. Atonement for himself. Thou hast given me to possess Life in myself for ever. yet. Death his death’s wound shall then receive. Man shall find grace. The speediest of thy winged messengers. and to all Comes unprevented. I through the ample air in triumph high Shall lead Hell captive maugre Hell. unsought? Happy for Man. Indebted and undone. All that of me can die. spoiled of his vaunted spoil. life for life I offer: on me let thine anger fall. and lost. and for him lastly die Well pleased. And shall grace not find means. that finds her way. and stoop Inglorious. he her aid Can never seek. unimplor’d. Behold me then: me for him. and show Free eBooks at Planet eBook. But I shall rise victorious. once dead in sins. that debt paid. by thee I live. and this glory next to thee Freely put off. of his mortal sting disarmed. I for his sake will leave Thy bosom. nor suffer my unspotted soul For ever with corruption there to dwell. Though now to Death I yield. To visit all thy creatures. or offering meet. Under his gloomy power I shall not long Lie vanquished.Father. so coming. $ thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome grave His prey.

While. long absent. His words here ended. but in thy presence joy entire. Shall enter Heaven. Wondering. but his meek aspect Silent yet spake. and return. with the multitude of my redeemed. 76 Paradise Lost . Death last. therefore. nor Man the least. whom thou only canst redeem. above which only shone Filial obedience: as a sacrifice Glad to be offered. and with his carcase glut the grave. Though last created. that for him I spare Thee from my bosom and right hand. to save.The powers of darkness bound. O thou My sole complacence! Well thou know’st how dear To me are all my works. he attends the will Of his great Father. 00021053 Thou. Father. Then. by thee raised. Admiration seized All Heaven. Their nature also to thy nature join. to see thy face. By losing thee a while. what this might mean. wherein no cloud Of anger shall remain. out of Heaven shalt look down and smile. and breathed immortal love To mortal men. Thou. O thou in Heaven and Earth the only peace Found out for mankind under wrath. but soon th’ Almighty thus replied. but peace assured And reconcilement: wrath shall be no more Thenceforth. at the sight Pleased. and whither tend. I ruin all my foes. the whole race lost.

Giving to death. because in thee Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and dying to 77 . by descending to assume Man’s nature. without thee none. be thou in Adam’s room The head of all mankind.And be thyself Man among men on Earth. And dying rise. So dearly to redeem what hellish hate So easily destroyed. to save A world from utter loss. accept not grace. Made flesh. though Adam’s son. and from thee Receive new life. and hast been found By merit more than birthright Son of God. ransomed with his own dear life. His crime makes guilty all his sons. shall be restored As many as are restored. By wondrous birth. thy merit. and equally enjoying God-like fruition. be judged and die. and rising with him raise His brethren. Found worthiest to be so by being good. when time shall be. quitted all. Shall satisfy for Man. And live in thee transplanted. So heavenly love shall outdo hellish hate. Imputed. though throned in highest bliss Equal to God. As in him perish all men. of virgin seed. Because thou hast. and still destroys In those who. shall absolve them who renounce Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds. as is most just. when they may. Far more than great or high. lessen or degrade thine own. So Man. As from a second root. so in thee. Nor shalt thou.

Mean while The world shall burn. wherein the just shall dwell. 78 Paradise Lost . and fair truth. With joy and peace triumphing. When thou. The living. Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. Hell. under thee. fruitful of golden deeds. For regal scepter then no more shall need. attended gloriously from Heaven. they. Dominions. Princedoms. as head supreme. to the general doom Shall hasten. and from her ashes spring New Heaven and Earth. shall sink Beneath thy sentence. and from thee send The summoning Arch-Angels to proclaim Thy dread tribunal. all thy saints assembled. such a peal shall rouse their sleep. Then. Son both of God and Man. Therefore thy humiliation shall exalt With thee thy manhood also to this throne: Here shalt thou sit incarnate. Anointed universal King. arraigned. thou shalt judge Bad Men and Angels. Powers. of them that bide In Heaven. all power I give thee. Thrones.Love hath abounded more than glory abounds. reign for ever. and assume Thy merits. See golden days. Then thou thy regal scepter shalt lay by. here shalt reign Both God and Man. forthwith from all winds. Shalt in the sky appear. And. after all their tribulations long. I reduce: All knees to thee shall bow. and forthwith the cited dead Of all past ages. her numbers full. or under Earth in Hell. or Earth.

and with preamble sweet Of charming symphony they introduce Their sacred song. Now in loose garlands thick thrown off. sweet As from blest voices. Adore the 79 . but all The multitude of Angels. No sooner had the Almighty ceased. And where the river of bliss through midst of Heaven Rolls o’er Elysian flowers her amber stream. and to the ground With solemn adoration down they cast Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold. Heaven rung With jubilee. Harps ever tuned. but soon for man’s offence To Heaven removed. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Adore him. that glittering by their side Like quivers hung. all ye Gods. uttering joy. who to compass all this dies. And flowers aloft shading the fount of life. and waken raptures high. their golden harps they took. with a shout Loud as from numbers without number. Then. fast by the tree of life. and loud Hosannas filled The eternal regions: Lowly reverent Towards either throne they bow. Began to bloom. a flower which once In Paradise. that like a sea of jasper shone. Immortal amarant. where first it grew. there grows. crowned again. But. the bright Pavement. Impurpled with celestial roses smiled.God shall be all in all. and honour him as me. With these that never fade the Spirits elect Bind their resplendent locks inwreathed with beams.

He Heaven of Heavens and all the Powers therein By thee created. Divine Similitude. Infinite. Son of thy Father’s might. on thee Impressed the effulgence of his glory abides. Father. Whom else no creature can behold. 80 Paradise Lost . that shook Heaven’s everlasting frame. while o’er the necks Thou drovest of warring Angels disarrayed. Yet dazzle Heaven.No voice exempt. Begotten Son. Back from pursuit thy Powers with loud acclaim Thee only extolled. Transfused on thee his ample Spirit rests. that brightest Seraphim Approach not. without cloud Made visible. Thee. and. Immutable. the Almighty Father shines. Immortal. thyself invisible Amidst the glorious brightness where thou sit’st Throned inaccessible. but with both wings veil their eyes. such concord is in Heaven. through a cloud Drawn round about thee like a radiant shrine. Eternal King. no voice but well could join Melodious part. Nor stop thy flaming chariot-wheels. but when thou shadest The full blaze of thy beams. Fonntain of light. Thee next they sang of all creation first. Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appear. In whose conspicuous countenance. and by thee threw down The aspiring Dominations: Thou that day Thy Father’s dreadful thunder didst not spare. the Author of all being. first they sung Omnipotent.

and the inroad of Darkness old. thou didst not doom So 81 . whose first convex divides The luminous inferiour orbs. Not so on Man: Him through their malice fallen. and never shall my heart thy praise Forget. Love no where to be found less than Divine! Hail. but much more to pity inclined. Their happy hours in joy and hymning spent. Son of God. O unexampled love. now seems a boundless continent Dark. He to appease thy wrath. inclement sky. Father of mercy and grace. Mean while upon the firm opacous globe Of this round world. and ever-threatening storms Of Chaos blustering round. and end the strife Of mercy and justice in thy face discerned. nor from thy Father’s praise disjoin.To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. Thus they in Heaven. and wild. Saviour of Men! Thy name Shall be the copious matter of my song Henceforth. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Satan alighted walks: A globe far off It seemed. offered himself to die For Man’s offence. under the frown of Night Starless exposed. above the starry sphere. enclosed From Chaos. waste. but much more to pity incline: No sooner did thy dear and only Son Perceive thee purposed not to doom frail Man So strictly. Regardless of the bliss wherein he sat Second to thee. Save on that side which from the wall of Heaven.

bent on his prey. monstrous. None yet. Abortive. the Fiend Walked up and down alone. Living or lifeless. All the unaccomplished works of Nature’s hand. Nought seeking but the praise of men. Indian streams. or unkindly mixed. for other creature in this place.Though distant far. Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds. All who have their reward on earth. 82 Paradise Lost . the fruits Of painful superstition and blind zeal. on this windy sea of land. empty as their deeds. here find Fit retribution. to be found was none. On hills where flocks are fed. some small reflection gains Of glimmering air less vexed with tempest loud: Here walked the Fiend at large in spacious field. where Chineses drive With sails and wind their cany waggons light: So. when sin With vanity had filled the works of men: Both all things vain. but store hereafter from the earth Up hither like aereal vapours flew Of all things transitory and vain. flies toward the springs Of Ganges or Hydaspes. But in his way lights on the barren plains Of Sericana. Alone. As when a vultur on Imaus bred. Or happiness in this or the other life. and all who in vain things Built their fond hopes of glory or lasting fame. Dislodging from a region scarce of prey To gorge the flesh of lambs or yeanling kids.

and pass the fixed. and many more too long. and that first moved. who. who to be sure of Paradise. and he. Empedocles. had they wherewithal. fleet hither. and gray. And now Saint Peter at Heaven’s wicket seems To wait them with his keys. Embryos. Those argent fields more likely habitants. Hither of ill-joined sons and daughters born First from the ancient world those giants came With many a vain exploit. black. who lives in Heaven. Dying. eremites. and idiots.Dissolved on earth. leaped into the sea. And they. Cleombrotus. Here pilgrims roam. that strayed so far to seek In Golgotha him dead. They pass the planets seven. he. or middle Spirits hold Betwixt the angelical and human kind. and now at foot Free eBooks at Planet eBook. leaped fondly into Aetna 83 . Or in Franciscan think to pass disguised. and still with vain design. Not in the neighbouring moon as some have dreamed. to be deemed A God. and in vain. with all their trumpery. Till final dissolution. would build: Others came single. to enjoy Plato’s Elysium. put on the weeds of Dominick. who. and friars White. Translated Saints. wander here. And that crystalling sphere whose balance weighs The trepidation talked. New Babels. though then renowned: The builders next of Babel on the plain Of Sennaar.

And long he wandered. All this dark globe the Fiend found as he passed. drawn. hoods. inimitable on earth By model. upwhirled aloft. when lo A violent cross wind from either coast Blows them transverse. till at last a gleam Of dawning light turned thither-ward in haste His travelled steps: far distant he descries Ascending by degrees magnificent Up to the wall of Heaven a structure high. to few unknown Long after. These stairs were such as whereon Jacob saw Angels ascending and descending. but far more rich. dispenses. and habits. bands Of guardians bright. With frontispiece of diamond and gold Embellished. Fly o’er the backside of the world far off Into a Limbo large and broad. or by shading pencil. now unpeopled. appeared The work as of a kingly palace-gate. with their wearers. ten thousand leagues awry Into the devious air: Then might ye see Cowls. beads. then reliques. tost And fluttered into rags. The sport of winds: All these. in the field of Luz Dreaming by night under the open sky 84 Paradise Lost . At top whereof. and untrod. pardons.Of Heaven’s ascent they lift their feet. when he from Esau fled To Padan-Aram. Indulgences. thick with sparkling orient gems The portal shone. bulls. since called The Paradise of Fools.

whether to dare The Fiend by easy ascent. On high behests his angels to and fro Passed frequent. Satan from hence. That scaled by steps of gold to Heaven-gate. whereon Who after came from earth. As when a scout. So wide the opening seemed. By which. and. Free eBooks at Planet 85 . or flew o’er the lake Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. where bounds were set To darkness. To Beersaba. a passage wide. where the Holy Land Borders on Egypt and the Arabian shore. nor stood There always. Each stair mysteriously was meant. now on the lower stair.And waking cried. The stairs were then let down. the fount of Jordan’s flood. or aggravate His sad exclusion from the doors of bliss: Direct against which opened from beneath. and underneath a bright sea flowed Of jasper. or of liquid pearl. Over the Promised Land to God so dear. but drawn up to Heaven sometimes Viewless. failing arrived Wafted by Angels. such as bound the ocean wave. though that were large. Looks down with wonder at the sudden view Of all this world at once. This is the gate of Heaven. to visit oft those happy tribes. A passage down to the Earth. Wider by far than that of after-times Over mount Sion. and his eye with choice regard From Paneas. Just o’er the blissful seat of Paradise.

Fortunate fields. that shone Stars distant.t?kast by break of cheerful dawn Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill. and flowery vales.) from eastern point Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears Andromeda far off Atlantick seas Beyond the horizon. but much more envy seised.Through dark?. Thrice happy isles. then from pole to pole He views in breadth. or some renowned metropolis With glistering spires and pinnacles adorned.nd desart ways with?oeril gone All?might.?. though after Heaven seen. Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams: Such wonder seised. but nigh hand seemed other worlds. and without longer pause Down right into the world’s first region throws His flight precipitant. 86 Paradise Lost . Like those Hesperian gardens famed of old. and groves. where he stood So high above the circling canopy Of night’s extended shade. The Spirit malign. in splendour likest Heaven. and winds with ease Through the pure marble air his oblique way Amongst innumerable stars. Which to his eye discovers unaware The goodly prospect of some foreign land First seen. Or other worlds they seemed. At sight of all this world beheld so fair. or happy isles. Round he surveys (and well might. but who dwelt happy there He staid not to inquire: Above them all The golden sun.

to the twelve that shone In Aaron’s breast-plate. thither his course he bends Through the calm firmament. and years.Allured his 87 . There lands the Fiend. and to each inward part With gentle penetration. a spot like which perhaps Astronomer in the sun’s lucent orb Through his glazed optick tube yet never saw. That stone. Not all parts like. but all alike informed With radiant light. part seemed gold. (but up or down. that gently warms The universe. though unseen. or eccentrick. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. If stone. Shoots invisible virtue even to the deep. The place he found beyond expression bright. Compared with aught on earth. and a stone besides Imagined rather oft than elsewhere seen. Ruby or topaz. carbuncle most or chrysolite. as glowing iron with fire. they. or like to that which here below Philosophers in vain so long have sought. Or longitude. So wonderously was set his station bright. as they move Their starry dance in numbers that compute Days. part silver clear. metal or stone. That from his lordly eye keep distance due. hard to tell. towards his all-cheering lamp Turn swift their various motions. If metal. By center.) where the great luminary Aloof the vulgar constellations thick. months. or are turned By his magnetick beam. Dispenses light from far.

and rivers run Potable gold. far and wide his eye commands. What wonder then if fields and regions here Breathe forth Elixir pure. and call up unbound In various shapes old Proteus from the sea. Produces. Glad was the Spirit impure. as they now Shot upward still direct. so far from us remote. with terrestrial humour mixed. as when his beams at noon Culminate from the equator. The same whom John saw also in the sun: His back was turned.In vain. as now in hope 88 Paradise Lost . but not his brightness hid. nor less his locks behind Illustrious on his shoulders fledge with wings Lay waving round. nor shade. Drained through a limbeck to his native form. No where so clear. though by their powerful art they bind Volatile Hermes. on some great charge employed He seemed. But all sun-shine. and effect so rare? Here matter new to gaze the Devil met Undazzled. whereby he soon Saw within ken a glorious Angel stand. or fixed in cogitation deep. Here in the dark so many precious things Of colour glorious. when with one virtuous touch The arch-chemick sun. whence no way round Shadow from body opaque can fall. Of beaming sunny rays a golden tiar Circled his head. and the air. For sight no obstacle found here. sharpened his visual ray To objects distant far.

com 89 . Ere he drew nigh. O’er sea and land: him Satan thus accosts. His habit fit for speed succinct. Admonished by his ear. the Angel bright. Not of the prime. wings he wore Of many a coloured plume. his radiant visage turned. yet such as in his face Youth smiled celestial. the happy seat of Man. Stand ready at command. gloriously bright. for thou of those seven Spirits that stand In sight of God’s high throne. The first art wont his great authentick will Interpreter through highest Heaven to bring. And here art likeliest by supreme decree Free eBooks at Planet eBook.To find who might direct his wandering flight To Paradise. and to every limb Suitable grace diffused. or down to the Earth Bear his swift errands over moist and dry. His journey’s end and our beginning woe. and are his eyes That run through all the Heavens. Uriel. and straight was known The Arch-Angel Uriel. Which else might work him danger or delay: And now a stripling Cherub he appears. and held Before his decent steps a silver wand. so well he feigned: Under a coronet his flowing hair In curls on either cheek played. one of the seven Who in God’s presence. He drew not nigh unheard. nearest to his throne. sprinkled with gold. But first he casts to change his proper shape. Where all his sons thy embassy attend.

but chiefly Man. the only evil that walks Invisible. Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim Alone thus wandering. But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell. as is meet. and to simplicity Resigns her charge. Created this new happy race of Men To serve him better: Wise are all his ways. while goodness thinks no ill 90 Paradise Lost . His chief delight and favour. By his permissive will. suspicion sleeps At wisdom’s gate.Like honour to obtain. or fixed seat hath none. through Heaven and Earth: And oft. For neither Man nor Angel can discern Hypocrisy. to repair that loss. The universal Maker we may praise. So spake the false dissembler unperceived. On whom the great Creator hath bestowed Worlds. That both in him and all things. and on whom hath all these graces poured. and know All these his wonderous works. and as his eye To visit oft this new creation round. and. except to God alone. tell In which of all these shining orbs hath Man His fixed seat. That I may find him. Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes To deepest Hell. Unspeakable desire to see. though wisdom wake. Brightest Seraph. him for whom All these his works so wonderous he ordained. and with secret gaze Or open admiration him behold.

fire. but hid their causes deep? I saw when at his word the formless mass. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps. and order from disorder sprung: Swift to their several quarters hasted then The cumbrous elements. This world’s material mould. came to a heap: Confusion heard his voice. spirited with various forms. Contented with report. stood vast infinitude confined. And this ethereal quintessence of Heaven Flew upward. that led thee hither From thy empyreal mansion thus alone. Fair Angel.Where no ill seems: Which now for once beguiled Uriel. and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight. air. Who to the fraudulent impostor foul. answer thus returned. which tends to know The works of God. and held The sharpest-sighted Spirit of all in Heaven. hear only in Heaven: For wonderful indeed are all his works. thy desire. But what created mind can comprehend Their number. Light 91 . leads to no excess That reaches blame. but rather merits praise The more it seems excess. flood. though regent of the sun. Till at his second bidding Darkness fled. and wild uproar Stood ruled. or the wisdom infinite That brought them forth. thereby to glorify The great Work-master. In his uprightness. earth. Pleasant to know.

Night would invade. 92 Paradise Lost . till on Niphates’ top he lights. is Paradise. each his course. those lofty shades. his bower. Each had his place appointed. and turned to stars Numberless. Look downward on that globe. though but reflected. to which I point. Where honour due and reverence none neglects. whose hither side With light from hence. Thy way thou canst not miss.That rolled orbicular. as thou seest. shines. me mine requires. That place is Earth. and her monthly round Still ending. sped with hoped success. still renewing. Down from the ecliptick. as the other hemisphere. that light His day. That spot. Nor staid. With borrowed light her countenance triform Hence fills and empties to enlighten the Earth. which else. As to superiour Spirits is wont in Heaven. through mid Heaven. The rest in circuit walls this universe. but there the neighbouring moon So call that opposite fair star) her aid Timely interposes. the seat of Man. Throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel. and how they move. Thus said. And in her pale dominion checks the night. and Satan. he turned. bowing low. Took leave. Adam’s abode. and toward the coast of earth beneath.

put to second rout. our first parents had been warned The coming of their secret foe. and his flight to Hell: Yet. Came furious down to be revenged on men. While time was. Haply so ‘scaped his mortal snare: For now Satan. came down. and round about him. Woe to the inhabitants on earth! that now. nor with cause to boast. Begins his dire attempt. now first inflamed with rage. heard cry in Heaven aloud. That slumbered. and from the bottom stir The Hell within him. not rejoicing in his speed. who saw The Apocalypse.Book IV . and ‘scaped. for that warning voice. though bold Far off and fearless. wakes the bitter memory Free eBooks at Planet eBook. horrour and doubt distract His troubled thoughts. can fly By change of place: Now conscience wakes despair. The tempter ere the accuser of mankind. Then when the Dragon. which nigh the birth Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast. To wreak on innocent frail Man his loss Of that first battle. which he. nor from Hell One step. for within him Hell He 93 O . And like a devilish engine back recoils Upon himself. no more than from himself.

O thou. How due! yet all his good proved ill in me. his grieved look he fixes sad.Of what he was. of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue. And wrought but malice. and with his good Upbraided none. and thought one step higher Would set me highest. how glorious once above thy sphere. thus in sighs began. 94 Paradise Lost . But with no friendly voice. and in a moment quit The debt immense of endless gratitude. lifted up so high I sdeined subjection. and add thy name. much revolving. and what must be Worse. what is. Sometimes towards Heaven. and pay him thanks. Of Sun! to tell thee how I hate thy beams. still to owe. which now in his view Lay pleasant. that. Sometimes towards Eden. and the full-blazing sun. to thee I call. The easiest recompence. So burdensome still paying. Till pride and worse ambition threw me down Warring in Heaven against Heaven’s matchless King: Ah. What could be less than to afford him praise. at whose sight all the stars Hide their diminished heads. whom he created what I was In that bright eminence. with surpassing glory crowned. That bring to my remembrance from what state I fell. Lookest from thy sole dominion like the God Of this new world. Which now sat high in his meridian tower: Then. wherefore! he deserved no such return From me. nor was his service hard.

then. Drawn to his part. what burden then O. But Heaven’s free love dealt equally to all? Be then his love accursed. no unbounded hope had raised Ambition! Yet why not some other Power As great might have aspired. Nay. in the lowest deep. since love or hate. since against his thy will Chose freely what it now so justly rues. at once Indebted and discharged. And. And understood not that a grateful mind By owing owes not. and that word Disdain forbids me. O. had his powerful destiny ordained Me some inferiour Angel. a lower deep Still threatening to devour me opens wide.Forgetful what from him I still received. Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand? Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse. it deals eternal woe. to all temptations armed. Me miserable! which way shall I fly Infinite wrath. none for pardon left? None left but by submission. but other Powers as great Fell 95 . from within Or from without. myself am Hell. and my dread of shame Free eBooks at Planet eBook. I had stood Then happy. cursed be thou. To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heaven. at last relent: Is there no place Left for repentance. To me alike. but stand unshaken. but still pays. and me. and infinite despair? Which way I fly is Hell. though mean.

and for him this world. and more than half perhaps will reign. how soon Would highth recall high thoughts. and with hope farewell. By act of grace. 96 Paradise Lost . But say I could repent. Farewell. peace. how soon unsay What feigned submission swore? Ease would recant Vows made in pain. as violent and void. Under what torments inwardly I groan. With diadem and scepter high advanced. therefore as far From granting he. only supreme In misery: Such joy ambition finds. my former state. be thou my good. boasting I could subdue The Omnipotent. The lower still I fall. By thee. Evil. and could obtain. For never can true reconcilement grow. as I from begging. Ay me! they little know How dearly I abide that boast so vain. While they adore me on the throne of Hell.Among the Spirits beneath. This knows my Punisher. fear. whom I seduced With other promises and other vaunts Than to submit. remorse! all good to me is lost. behold. So farewell. Where wounds of deadly hate have pierced so deep: Which would but lead me to a worse relapse And heavier fall: so should I purchase dear Short intermission bought with double smart. by thee at least Divided empire with Heaven’s King I hold. hope. in stead Mankind created. All hope excluded thus.

unseen.As Man ere long. shall know. and fir. ire. Which marred his borrowed visage. couched with revenge: Yet not enough had practised to deceive Uriel once warned. crowns with her enclosure green. Shade above shade. and pine. and this new world. if any eye beheld. his gestures fierce He marked and mad demeanour. the champaign head Of a steep wilderness. whose eye pursued him down The way he went. As he supposed. and was the first That practised falsehood under saintly show. For heavenly minds from such distempers foul Are ever clear. and overhead upgrew Insuperable height of loftiest shade. each passion dimmed his face Thrice changed with pale. Deep malice to conceal. all unobserved. a woody theatre Of stateliest 97 . A sylvan scene. then alone. So on he fares. and to the border comes Of Eden. and on the Assyrian mount Saw him disfigured. Yet higher than their tops Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Artificer of fraud. more than could befall Spirit of happy sort. and betrayed Him counterfeit. where delicious Paradise. Cedar. and. and despair. Now nearer. and branching palm. Each perturbation smoothed with outward calm. envy. Thus while he spake. As with a rural mound. Whereof he soon aware. as the ranks ascend. whose hairy sides Access denied.

able to drive All sadness but despair: Now gentle gales. though enamoured. 00081429 Which to our general sire gave prospect large Into his nether empire neighbouring round. As when to them who fail Beyond the Cape of Hope. When God hath showered the earth. or humid bow. Appeared. dispense Native perfumes. with gay enamelled colours mixed: On which the sun more glad impressed his beams Than in fair evening cloud. And higher than that wall a circling row Of goodliest trees. from the spouse 98 Paradise Lost . and whisper whence they stole Those balmy spoils. with such delay Well pleased they slack their course.The verdurous wall of Paradise upsprung. and many a league Cheered with the grateful smell old Ocean smiles: So entertained those odorous sweets the Fiend. Who came their bane. off at sea north-east winds blow Sabean odours from the spicy shore Of Araby the blest. Fanning their odoriferous wings. Blossoms and fruits at once of golden hue. so lovely seemed That landskip: And of pure now purer air Meets his approach. loaden with fairest fruit. and to the heart inspires Vernal delight and joy. though with them better pleased Than Asmodeus with the fishy fume That drove him. and now are past Mozambick.

Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. At one flight bound high over-leaped all bound Of hill or highest wall. But further way found none. fear no assault. pensive and slow. there fast bound. and. Sat like a 99 . in contempt. nor on the virtue thought Free eBooks at Planet eBook. yet not true life Thereby regained. and sheer within Lights on his feet. and with a vengeance sent From Media post to Egypt. but sat devising death To them who lived. Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve In hurdled cotes amid the field secure. Due entrance he disdained. whose substantial doors. bent to unhoard the cash Of some rich burgher. the undergrowth Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplexed All path of man or beast that passed that way. In at the window climbs. and on the tree of life. As one continued brake. Leaps o’er the fence with ease into the fold: Or as a thief. Cross-barred and bolted fast. and that looked east On the other side: which when the arch-felon saw. So since into his church lewd hirelings climb.Of Tobit’s son. One gate there only was. so thick entwined. Now to the ascent of that steep savage hill Satan had journeyed on. Thence up he flew. The middle tree and highest there that grew. As when a prowling wolf. or o’er the tiles: So clomb this first grand thief into God’s fold.

taste. but perverts best things To worst abuse. for God had thrown That mountain as his garden-mould high raised Upon the rapid current. In narrow room. Our death. to value right The good before him. blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. by him in the east Of Eden planted. Knowledge of good bought dear by knowing ill. To all delight of human sense exposed. but only used For prospect. Nature’s whole wealth. the tree of knowledge. which. but through the shaggy hill Passed underneath ingulfed. Eden stretched her line From Auran eastward to the royal towers Of great Seleucia. Out of the fertile ground he caused to grow All trees of noblest kind for sight. So little knows Any. A Heaven on Earth: For blissful Paradise Of God the garden was. Nor changed his course. grew fast by. through veins 100 Paradise Lost . High eminent. what well used had been the pledge Of immortality. built by Grecian kings. but God alone. yea more. and next to life. or to their meanest use.Of that life-giving plant. And all amid them stood the tree of life. smell. Of where the sons of Eden long before Dwelt in Telassar: In this pleasant soil His far more pleasant garden God ordained. Beneath him with new wonder now he views. Southward through Eden went a river large.

if Art could tell. If true. Others whose fruit. Runs diverse. Rose a fresh fountain. Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. thence united fell Down the steep glade. and fed Flowers worthy of Paradise. And now. and plain. Flowers of all hue. and flocks Grazing the tender herb. and of delicious taste: Betwixt them lawns. wandering many a famous realm And country. which not nice Art In beds and curious knots. and where the unpierced shade Imbrowned the noontide bowers: Thus was this place A happy rural seat of various view. Or palmy hillock. How from that sapphire fount the crisped brooks. and without thorn the rose: Free eBooks at Planet eBook. burnished with golden rind. but Nature boon Poured forth profuse on hill. and with many a rill Watered the garden. Hung amiable. Which from his darksome passage now appears. and dale. or level downs. Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold. here only. were interposed. But rather to tell how. and met the nether flood. visiting each plant. Both where the morning sun first warmly smote The open field. divided into four main streams. With mazy errour under pendant shades Ran nectar. Hesperian fables true. or the flowery lap Of some irriguous valley spread her 101 . whereof here needs no account.Of porous earth with kindly thirst up-drawn.

unite their streams. where Proserpine gathering flowers. airs. might with this Paradise Of Eden strive. Led on the eternal Spring. or in a lake. mean while murmuring waters fall Down the slope hills. but wide remote From this Assyrian garden. while universal Pan. which cost Ceres all that pain To seek her through the world. nor that Nyseian isle Girt with the river Triton. and the inspired Castalian spring. nor that sweet grove Of Daphne by Orontes. and gently creeps Luxuriant. Mount Amara. Not that fair field Of Enna. from his stepdame Rhea’s eye. Herself a fairer flower by gloomy Dis Was gathered. though this by some supposed True Paradise under the Ethiop line By Nilus’ head. Hid Amalthea. Nor where Abassin kings their issue guard. attune The trembling leaves. umbrageous grots and caves Of cool recess. vernal airs. where old Cham. Whom Gentiles Ammon call and Libyan Jove. Breathing the smell of field and grove. where the Fiend 102 Paradise Lost . Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance. and her florid son Young Bacchus. The birds their quire apply. A whole day’s journey high. enclosed with shining rock. o’er which the mantling vine Lays forth her purple grape. That to the fringed bank with myrtle crowned Her crystal mirrour holds.Another side. dispersed.

erect and tall. And by her yielded. amorous delay. as a veil. For contemplation he and valour formed. but in wanton ringlets waved As the vine curls her tendrils. For softness she and sweet attractive grace.) Whence true authority in men. Free eBooks at Planet eBook.Saw. but in true filial freedom placed. honour dishonourable. but not beneath his shoulders broad: She. sanctitude severe and pure. modest pride. by him best received. but required with gentle 103 . reluctant. for in their looks divine The image of their glorious Maker shone. though both Not equal. And sweet. which implied Subjection. He for God only. and strange Two of far nobler shape. (Severe. dishonest shame Of nature’s works. with native honour clad In naked majesty seemed lords of all: And worthy seemed. Godlike erect. as their sex not equal seemed. all delight. she for God in him: His fair large front and eye sublime declared Absolute rule. new to sight. and hyacinthine locks Round from his parted forelock manly hung Clustering. down to the slender waist Her unadorned golden tresses wore Dishevelled. Truth. wisdom. Then was not guilty shame. Nor those mysterious parts were then concealed. Yielded with coy submission. all kind Of living creatures. undelighted.

nor youthful dalliance. and in his paw 104 Paradise Lost . and in the rind. the loveliest pair. and made ease More easy. linked in happy nuptial league. Adam the goodliest man of men since born His sons. as beseems Fair couple. side-long as they sat recline On the soft downy bank damasked with flowers: The savoury pulp they chew.Sin-bred. nor endearing smiles Wanted. the fairest of her daughters Eve. forest or den. nor shunned the sight Of God or Angel. by a fresh fountain side They sat them down. for they thought no ill: So hand in hand they passed. Nor gentle purpose. And banished from man’s life his happiest life. Sporting the lion ramped. how have ye troubled all mankind With shows instead. since wild. wholesome thirst and appetite More grateful. Still as they thirsted. Nectarine fruits which the compliant boughs Yielded them. Under a tuft of shade that on a green Stood whispering soft. and. Simplicity and spotless innocence! So passed they naked on. after no more toil Of their sweet gardening labour than sufficed To recommend cool Zephyr. About them frisking played All beasts of the earth. and of all chase In wood or wilderness. to their supper-fruits they fell. scoop the brimming stream. That ever since in love’s embraces met. mere shows of seeming pure. Alone as they.

and deliver ye to woe. and of his fatal guile Gave proof unheeded. Scarce thus at length failed speech recovered sad. when all these delights Will vanish. To make them mirth. O Hell! what do mine eyes with grief behold! Into our room of bliss thus high advanced Creatures of other mould. Ah! gentle pair. and this high seat your Heaven Ill fenced for Heaven to keep out such a foe Free eBooks at Planet eBook. close the serpent sly. whom my thoughts pursue With wonder. for the sun. Declined. and wreathed His?kithetmroboscis. the more your taste is now of joy. Insinuating. and could love. others on the grass Couched. and now filled with pasture gazing sat. ye little think how nigh Your change approaches. Gambolled before them. ounces. Not Spirits. used all his might. Or bedward ruminating. was hasting now with prone career To the ocean isles. wove with Gordian twine His braided train. earth-born perhaps. and in the ascending scale Of Heaven the stars that usher evening rose: When Satan still in gaze. bears. so lively shines In them divine resemblance. More woe. yet to heavenly Spirits bright Little inferiour. as first he stood. but for so happy ill secured Long to continue. and such grace The hand that formed them on their shape hath 105 . Happy. the unwieldy elephant.Dandled the kid. tigers. pards.

Not like these narrow limits. so close. excused his devilish deeds. compels me now To do what else. And mutual amity. as I do. And send forth all her kings. Now other. or you with me Henceforth. That I with you must dwell. her widest gates. Then from his lofty stand on that high tree Down he alights among the sportful herd Of those four-footed kinds. About them round 106 Paradise Lost . To mark what of their state he more might learn. yet no purposed foe To you. he gave it me. The tyrant’s plea. Which I as freely give: Hell shall unfold. your sense. yet publick reason just. there will be room. my dwelling haply may not please. so strait. By word or action marked. Though I unpitied: League with you I seek. And should I at your harmless innocence Melt. himself now one. as their shape served best his end Nearer to view his prey. By conquering this new world. To entertain you two. So spake the Fiend. and. to receive Your numerous offspring. yet such Accept your Maker’s work. Honour and empire with revenge enlarged. and with necessity. if no better place. though damned. Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge On you who wrong me not for him who wronged. whom I could pity thus forlorn.As now is entered. Like this fair Paradise. I should abhor. unespied.

of all these joys. and dominion given Free eBooks at Planet 107 . who by chance hath spied In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play. Straight couches close. Whence rushing. Turned him. and of his good As liberal and free as infinite. Adam first of men To first of women Eve thus moving speech. Dearer thyself than all. this easy charge. The only sign of our obedience left. Among so many signs of power and rule Conferred upon us. whate’er death is. changes oft His couchant watch. Then as a tiger. Griped in each paw: when. he might surest seize them both. nor can perform Aught whereof he hath need. he who requires From us no other service than to keep This one. of all the trees In Paradise that bear delicious fruit So various. and for us this ample world. all ear to hear new utterance flow. planted by the tree of life. Some dreadful thing no doubt. and sole part. then. That raised us from the dust. Be infinitely good. not to taste that only tree Of knowledge. who at his hand Have nothing merited. rising. as one who chose his ground. needs must the Power That made us.A lion now he stalks with fiery glare. So near grows death to life. and placed us here In all this happiness. Sole partner. for well thou knowest God hath pronounced it death to taste that tree.

Which were it toilsome. For we to him indeed all praises owe. then stood unmoved Pure as the expanse of Heaven. enjoying thee Pre-eminent by so much odds. and laid me down On the green bank. whence thither brought. while thou Like consort to thyself canst no where find. following our delightful task. and spread Into a liquid plain. flesh of thy flesh. And daily thanks. and choice Unlimited of manifold delights: But let us ever praise him. and found myself reposed Under a shade on flowers. yet with thee were sweet. 108 Paradise Lost . who enjoy Free leave so large to all things else.Over all other creatures that possess Earth. To whom thus Eve replied. O thou for whom And from whom I was formed. I chiefly. when from sleep I first awaked. To prune these growing plants. much wondering where And what I was. And without whom am to no end. and sea. and tend these flowers. to look into the clear Smooth lake. and extol His bounty. air. who enjoy So far the happier lot. and how. that to me seemed another sky. my guide And head! what thou hast said is just and right. Then let us not think hard One easy prohibition. That day I oft remember. I thither went With unexperienced thought. Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound Of waters issued from a cave.

fair Eve. and thee claim ‘My other half:’ With that thy gentle hand Free eBooks at Planet eBook. ‘What there thou seest. ‘Return.’ What could I do. is thyself. just opposite A shape within the watery gleam appeared. and thence be called ‘Mother of human race. to him shalt bear ‘Multitudes like thyself. ‘Part of my soul I seek thee. his bone. yet methought less fair. and pined with vain desire. to give thee being I lent ‘Out of my side to thee. he ‘Whose image thou art. ‘And I will bring thee where no shadow stays ‘Thy coming. ‘Substantial life. ‘His flesh. ‘Whom flyest thou? whom thou flyest. Bending to look on me: I started back. Had not a voice thus warned me. ‘What thou seest. Less winning soft. Than that smooth watery image: Back I turned. But follow straight. Thou following cryedst aloud.As I bent down to look. ‘With thee it came and goes: but follow 109 . to have thee by my side ‘Henceforth an individual solace dear. Pleased it returned as soon with answering looks Of sympathy and love: There I had fixed Mine eyes till now. invisibly thus led? Till I espied thee. nearest my heart. fair Creature. less amiably mild. fair indeed and tall. It started back. but pleased I soon returned. of him thou art. him thou shalt enjoy ‘Inseparably thine. and thy soft embraces. Under a platane.

half-embracing leaned On our first father. Where neither joy nor love. Smiled with superiour love. sight tormenting! thus these two. as Jupiter On Juno smiles. And meek surrender. and with eyes Of conjugal attraction unreproved. and to himself thus plained. shall enjoy their fill Of bliss on bliss. Why should their Lord Envy them that? Can it be sin to know? 110 Paradise Lost . And wisdom. Still unfulfilled with pain of longing pines. One fatal tree there stands. of knowledge called.and from that time see How beauty is excelled by manly grace. Sight hateful. Imparadised in one another’s arms. but fierce desire. which alone is truly fair. Among our other torments not the least. it seems.Seised mine: I yielded. reasonless. and pressed her matron lip With kisses pure: Aside the Devil turned For envy. when he impregns the clouds That shed Mayflowers. half her swelling breast Naked met his. Yet let me not forget what I have gained From their own mouths: All is not theirs. under the flowing gold Of her loose tresses hid: he in delight Both of her beauty. So spake our general mother. Forbidden them to taste: Knowledge forbidden Suspicious. yet with jealous leer malign Eyed them askance. The happier Eden. while I to Hell am thrust. and submissive charms.

invented with design To keep them low. The proof of their obedience and their faith? O fair foundation laid whereon to build Their ruin! hence I will excite their minds With more desire to know. Live while ye may. from him to draw What further would be learned.Can it be death? And do they only stand By ignorance? Is that their happy state. They taste and die: What likelier can ensue But first with narrow search I must walk round This garden. Short pleasures. where Heaven With earth and ocean meets. for long woes are to succeed! So saying. o’er hill. his proud step he scornful 111 . and to reject Envious commands. winding with one ascent Accessible from earth. one entrance high. till I return. enjoy. his roam Mean while in utmost longitude. and began Through wood. o’er dale. A chance but chance may lead where I may meet Some wandering Spirit of Heaven by fountain side. But with sly circumspection. and no corner leave unspied. through waste. piled up to the clouds. Conspicuous far. Yet happy pair. the setting sun Slowly descended. whom knowledge might exalt Equal with Gods: aspiring to be such. and with right aspect Against the eastern gate of Paradise Levelled his evening rays: It was a rock Of alabaster. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Or in thick shade retired.

gliding through the even On a sun-beam.The rest was craggy cliff. and chiefly Man. and with gold. zealous. soon discerned his looks Alien from Heaven. About him exercised heroick games The unarmed youth of Heaven. 112 Paradise Lost . I fear. God’s latest image: I described his way Bent all on speed. and marked his aery gait. to know More of the Almighty’s works. and shows the mariner From what point of his compass to beware Impetuous winds: He thus began in haste. Hung high with diamond flaming. This day at highth of noon came to my sphere A Spirit. swift as a shooting star In autumn thwarts the night. But in the mount that lies from Eden north. with passions foul obscured: Mine eye pursued him still. to thee thy course by lot hath given Charge and strict watch. awaiting night. Thither came Uriel. Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat. but nigh at hand Celestial armoury. hath ventured from the deep. that to this happy place No evil thing approach or enter in. to raise New troubles. Where he first lighted. when vapours fired Impress the air. helms. but under shade Lost sight of him: One of the banished crew. and spears. him thy care must be to find. shields. Gabriel. that overhung Still as it rose. impossible to climb. Chief of the angelick guards. as he seemed.

by morrow dawning I shall know. and Uriel to his charge Returned on that bright beam. all but the wakeful nightingale. By shorter flight to the east. 113 . these to their nests Were slunk. whose point now raised Bore him slope downward to the sun now fallen Beneath the Azores. and since meridian hour No creature thence: If Spirit of other sort. Silence accompanied. She all night long her amorous descant sung. Amid the sun’s bright circle where thou sitst. So minded. They to their grassy couch.To whom the winged warriour thus returned. and Twilight gray Had in her sober livery all things clad. had left him there Arraying with reflected purple and gold The clouds that on his western throne attend. Incredible how swift. had thither rolled Diurnal. See far and wide: In at this gate none pass The vigilance here placed. for beast and bird. no wonder if thy perfect sight. hard thou knowest it to exclude Spiritual substance with corporeal bar. But if within the circuit of these walks. Silence was pleased: Now glowed the firmament Free eBooks at Planet eBook. or this less volubil earth. Now came still Evening on. have o’er-leaped these earthly bounds On purpose. whether the prime orb. but such as come Well known from Heaven. of whom Thou tellest. So promised he. In whatsoever shape he lurk.

we must be risen. Ask riddance. That lie bestrown. as day and night. Now falling with soft slumbrous weight. Rising in clouded majesty. and the timely dew of sleep. and those dropping gums. till the moon. 114 Paradise Lost . Mind us of like repose. if we mean to tread with ease. To-morrow. Our walk at noon. yonder alleys green. When Adam thus to Eve. at length Apparent queen unveiled her peerless light. and all things now retired to rest. as Nature wills. and require More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth: Those blossoms also. And the regard of Heaven on all his ways. Mean while. unemployed. unsightly and unsmooth. rode brightest. night bids us rest. And of their doings God takes no account. And at our pleasant labour.With living sapphires: Hesperus. That mock our scant manuring. And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw. that led The starry host. While other animals unactive range. Fair Consort. which declares his dignity. to reform Yon flowery arbours. inclines Our eye-lids: Other creatures all day long Rove idle. ere fresh morning streak the east With first approach of light. and less need rest. the hour Of night. to men Successive. with branches overgrown. since God hath set Labour and rest. Man hath his daily work of body or mind Appointed.

and flower. with perfect beauty adorned My Author and Disposer. All seasons. Or glittering star-light. fruit. and this fair moon. nor rising sun On this delightful land. then silent Night. on herb. Daughter of God and Man. nor silent 115 . her starry train: But neither breath of Morn. Glistering with dew.To whom thus Eve. what thou bidst Unargued I obey: So God ordains. nor herb. And these the gems of Heaven. when she ascends With charm of earliest birds. God is thy law. When first on this delightful land he spreads His orient beams. accomplished Eve. These have their course to finish round the earth. Nor grateful Evening mild. Glistering with dew. nor walk by moon. her rising sweet. nor fragrance after showers. when sleep hath shut all eyes? To whom our general ancestor replied. flower. With this her solemn bird. But wherefore all night long shine these? for whom This glorious sight. without thee is sweet. and their change. and from land to land Free eBooks at Planet eBook. fruit. By morrow evening. thou mine: To know no more Is woman’s happiest knowledge. fragrant the fertile earth After soft showers. With this her solemn bird. Sweet is the breath of Morn. With thee conversing I forget all time. and sweet the coming on Of grateful Evening mild. all please alike. With charm of earliest birds: pleasant the sun. tree. and her praise.

which these soft fires Not only enlighten. made hereby apter to receive Perfection from the sun’s more potent ray. but with kindly heat Of various influence foment and warm. God want praise: Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth Unseen. nor think. Singing their great Creator? oft in bands While they keep watch. Sole. though unbeheld in deep of night. or responsive each to others note. though men were none. when he framed 116 Paradise Lost . Ministring light prepared. hand in hand alone they passed On to their blissful bower: it was a place Chosen by the sovran Planter. both when we wake. That Heaven would want spectators. and when we sleep: All these with ceaseless praise his works behold Both day and night: How often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard Celestial voices to the midnight air. and extinguish life In Nature and all things. or nightly rounding walk. though to nations yet unborn. Lest total Darkness should by night regain Her old possession. Shine not in vain. With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds In full harmonick number joined. or in part shed down Their stellar virtue on all kinds that grow On earth. Thus talking. their songs Divide the night. they set and rise. and lift our thoughts to Heaven.In order. These then. Temper or nourish.

And heavenly quires the hymenaean sung. each beauteous flower. durst enter none. Pan or Sylvanus never slept. on either side Acanthus. and jessamin. and each odorous bushy shrub. underfoot the violet. Bird. at their shady lodge arrived. More lovely. and sweet-smelling herbs. nor Nymph Nor Faunus haunted. 117 . than Pandora. and wrought Mosaick. Iris all hues. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. when to the unwiser son Of Japhet brought by Hermes. the roof Of thickest covert was inwoven shade Laurel and myrtle. Here. she ensnared Mankind with her fair looks. in close recess.All things to Man’s delightful use. though but feigned. or worm. Espoused Eve decked first her nuptial bed. Fenced up the verdant wall. both stood. Such was their awe of Man. In shadier bower More sacred and sequestered. Crocus. With flowers. Thus. What day the genial Angel to our sire Brought her in naked beauty more adorned. with rich inlay Broidered the ground. garlands. more coloured than with stone Of costliest emblem: Other creature here. Reared high their flourished heads between. insect. and O! too like In sad event. to be avenged On him who had stole Jove’s authentick fire. and what higher grew Of firm and fragrant leaf. and hyacinth. beast. whom the Gods Endowed with all their gifts.

and uncropt falls to the ground. but adoration pure Which God likes best. Adam from his fair spouse. in our appointed work employed. I ween. the moon’s resplendent globe. both when we wake. who bids abstain But our Destroyer. Our Maker bids encrease. and. and this delicious place For us too large. Defaming as impure what God declares Pure. where thy abundance wants Partakers.Both turned. the crown of all our bliss Ordained by thee. and heaven. Maker Omnipotent. And starry pole: Thou also madest the night. and innocence. air. And when we seek. Straight side by side were laid. who shall with us extol Thy goodness infinite. happy in our mutual help And mutual love. and under open sky adored The God that made both sky. as now. Which we. leaves free to all. and other rites Observing none. eased the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear. Have finished. This said unanimous. thy gift of sleep. and place. But thou hast promised from us two a race To fill the earth. earth. nor turned. and thou the day. Which they beheld. into their inmost bower Handed they went. foe to God and Man? 118 Paradise Lost . and commands to some. nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refused: Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity.

sole propriety In Paradise of all things common else! By thee adulterous Lust was driven from men Among the bestial herds to range. Present. true source Of human offspring. nor in court-amours. here lights His constant lamp. Reigns here and revels. Perpetual fountain of domestick sweets. not in the bought smile Of harlots. Whose bed is undefiled and chaste pronounced. Casual 119 . Relations dear. that I should write thee sin or blame.Hail. loveless. mysterious law. wedded Love. best quitted with disdain. Now had night measured with her shadowy cone Half way up hill this vast sublunar vault. embracing slept. joyless. Mixed dance. just. first were known. or past. and O!yet happiest. and know to know no more. and waves his purple wings. Blest pair. as saints and patriarchs used. which the morn repaired. Sleep on. or wanton mask. unendeared. Or think thee unbefitting holiest place. loyal. lulled by nightingales. and pure. And on their naked limbs the flowery roof Showered roses. These. if ye seek No happier state. Here Love his golden shafts employs. and brother. Or serenate. and all the charities Of father. which the starved lover sings To his proud fair. And from their ivory port the Cherubim. son. Far be it. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. or midnight ball. by thee Founded in reason.

Forth issuing at the accustomed hour. these other wheel the north. leave unsearched no nook. But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge. that from pure blood arise Like gentle breaths from rivers pure. with winged speed Search through this garden. From these. Who tells of some infernal Spirit seen Hitherward bent (who could have thought?) escaped The bars of Hell. As flame they part. thence raise At least distempered. seise fast. two strong and subtle Spirits he called That near him stood. Dazzling the moon. stood armed To their night watches in warlike parade. inspiring venom. on he led his radiant files. these to the bower direct In search of whom they sought: Him there they found Squat like a toad. Now laid perhaps asleep. This evening from the sun’s decline arrived. When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. discontented thoughts. close at the ear of Eve. half to the spear. So saying. and coast the south With strictest watch. Or if. phantasms and dreams. secure of harm. Half wheeling to the shield. where ye find. and hither bring. and with them forge Illusions. as he list. on errand bad no doubt: Such. half these draw off. he might taint The animal spirits. Uzziel. Our circuit meets full west. 120 Paradise Lost . Assaying by his devilish art to reach The organs of her fancy. Ithuriel and Zephon. and gave them thus in charge.

Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate For you. answering scorn with scorn. unmoved with fear.Vain hopes. Why sat’st thou like an enemy in wait. escaped thy prison? and. transformed. Yet thus. like to end as much in vain? To whom thus Zephon. there sitting where ye durst not soar: Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. for no falshood can endure Touch of celestial temper. Which of those rebel Spirits adjudged to Hell Comest thou. thy shape the same. but returns Of force to its own likeness: Up he starts Discovered and surprised. Why ask ye. laid Fit for the tun some magazine to store Against a rumoured war. Here watching at the head of these that sleep? Know ye not then said Satan. Back stept those two fair Angels. vain aims. or. filled with scorn. Or undiminished brightness to be known. the smutty grain. inflames the air. As when a spark Lights on a heap of nitrous powder. With sudden blaze diffused. Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear Touched lightly. half amazed So sudden to behold the grisly king. The lowest of your throng. accost him soon. Blown up with high conceits ingendering pride. So started up in his own shape the Fiend. Think 121 . inordinate desires. if ye know. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and superfluous begin Your message. revolted Spirit.

Gabriel. and thou resemblest now Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foul. from the front thus called aloud. not the sent. saw. That glory then. added grace Invincible: Abashed the Devil stood. and these from harm. If I must contend. The Fiend replied not. Or less be lost. Thy fear. be sure. the sender. and closing stood in squadron joined. And felt how awful goodness is. shalt give account To him who sent us. Now drew they nigh The western point. Champing his iron curb: To strive or fly He held it vain. A waiting next command. more glory will be won. and thence weak. whose charge is to keep This place inviolable. Severe in youthful beauty. 122 Paradise Lost . like a proud steed reined.As when thou stoodest in Heaven upright and pure. Will save us trial what the least can do Single against thee wicked. and his grave rebuke. yet seemed Undaunted. but chiefly to find here observed His lustre visibly impaired. said Zephon bold. and saw Virtue in her shape how lovely. for thou. said he. To whom their Chief. Best with the best. where those half-rounding guards Just met. not else dismayed. overcome with rage. Departed from thee. Or all at once. when thou no more wast good. awe from above had quelled His heart. went haughty on. But. But come. and pined His loss. So spake the Cherub.

but this question asked Puts me in doubt. Lives there who loves his pain! Who would not. and now by glimpse discern Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade. And brief related whom they brought. in what form and posture couched. And such I held thee. How 123 . Not likely to part hence without contest. He scarce had ended. broke the bounds prescribed To thy transgressions. and those Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss! To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow. it seems. To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. who by his gait And fierce demeanour seems the Prince of Hell. finding way.O friends! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting this way. who approve not to transgress By thy example. Satan. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. but have power and right To question thy bold entrance on this place. And with them comes a third of regal port. Why hast thou. to violate sleep. no doubt And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain. where thou mightst hope to change Torment with ease. when those two approached. which in this place I sought. and soonest recompense Dole with delight. Employed. Stand firm. where found. break loose from Hell. Though thither doomed! Thou wouldst thyself. and disturbed the charge Of others. But faded splendour wan. Gabriel? thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of wise. for in his look defiance lours.

The warlike Angel moved. that no pain Can equal anger infinite provoked. who ask what boldness brought him hither Unlicensed from his bounds in Hell prescribed. So wise he judges it to fly from pain However.To thee no reason. But evil hast not tried: and wilt object His will who bounds us! Let him surer bar His iron gates. thus replied. meet thy flight Sevenfold. To which the Fiend thus answered. frowning stern. The rest is true. O loss of one in Heaven to judge of wise Since Satan fell. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. But wherefore thou alone? wherefore with thee Came not all hell broke loose? or thou than they Less hardy to endure? Courageous Chief! The first in flight from pain! hadst thou alleged To thy deserted host this cause of flight. who knowest only good. Which thou incurrest by flying. whom folly overthrew. and scourge that wisdom back to Hell. 124 Paradise Lost . if he intends our stay In that dark durance: Thus much what was asked. And now returns him from his prison ‘scaped. Which taught thee yet no better. Thus he in scorn. presumptuous! till the wrath. Disdainfully half smiling. Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise Or not. they found me where they say. But that implies not violence or harm. and to ‘scape his punishment! So judge thou still.

But still thy words at random.Not that I less endure. when in battle to thy aid The blasting vollied thunder made all speed. as before. pretending first Wise to fly pain. I alone first undertook To wing the desolate abyss. And practised distances to cringe. and my afflicted Powers To settle here on earth. and spy This new created world. not fight. To say and straight unsay. and couldst thou faithful add? O name. And seconded thy else not dreaded spear. therefore. Argues no leader but a liear traced. or shrink from pain. here in hope to find Better abode. Though for possession put to try once more What thou and thy gay legions dare against. fit body to fit 125 . not to hazard all Through ways of danger by himself untried: I. with songs to hymn his throne. whereof in Hell Fame is not silent. O sacred name of faithfulness profaned! Faithful to whom? to thy rebellious crew? Army of Fiends. professing next the spy. To whom the warriour Angel soon replied. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Whose easier business were to serve their Lord High up in Heaven. or in mid air. Insulting Angel! well thou knowest I stood Thy fiercest. Argue thy inexperience what behoves From hard assays and ill successes past A faithful leader. Satan.

and thyself to reign? But mark what I arreed thee now. who now wouldst seem Patron of liberty. So threatened he.Was this your discipline and faith engaged. as thick as when a field Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends Her bearded grove of ears. and thou with thy compeers. but waxing more in rage replied. Avant. Then when I am thy captive talk of chains. the angelick squadron bright Turned fiery red. Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained. to dissolve Allegiance to the acknowledged Power supreme? And thou. but in hope To dispossess him. sly hypocrite. who more than thou Once fawned. Us’d to the yoke. Your military obedience. and cringed. While thus he spake. sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx. as henceforth not to scorn The facile gates of Hell too slightly barred. and servily adored Heaven’s awful Monarch? wherefore. though Heaven’s King Ride on thy wings. but Satan to no threats Gave heed. and began to hem him round With ported spears. which way the wind 126 Paradise Lost . And seal thee so. drawest his triumphant wheels In progress through the road of Heaven star-paved. Fly neither whence thou fledst! If from this hour Within these hallowed limits thou appear. Proud limitary Cherub! but ere then Far heavier load thyself expect to feel From my prevailing arm.

I know thy strength. Hung forth in Heaven his golden scales. Satan. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and on his crest Sat Horrour plumed. On the other side. though doubled now To trample thee as mire: For proof look up. yet seen Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign. or all the elements At least had gone to wrack. but the starry cope Of Heaven perhaps. to prevent such horrid fray. had not soon The Eternal. And read thy lot in yon celestial sign.Sways 127 . disturbed and torn With violence of this conflict. nor only Paradise In this commotion. nor mine. and thou knowest mine. dilated stood. alarmed. Collecting all his might. Which Gabriel spying. thus bespake the Fiend. and kicked the beam. now ponders all events. the careful plowman doubting stands. Battles and realms: In these he put two weights. nor wanted in his grasp What seemed both spear and shield: Now dreadful deeds Might have ensued. Satan. but given: What folly then To boast what arms can do? since thine no more Than Heaven permits. Wherein all things created first he weighed. Like Teneriff or Atlas. The pendulous round earth with balanced air In counterpoise. Neither our own. The sequel each of parting and of fight: The latter quick up flew. unremoved: His stature reached the sky. Left on the threshing floor his hopeless sheaves Prove chaff.

but fled Murmuring. If thou resist. and shown how light. The Fiend looked up. 128 Paradise Lost . how weak.Where thou art weighed. and knew His mounted scale aloft: Nor more. and with him fled the shades of night.

how the bee Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to mark how spring Our tender plants. and glowing cheek. Aurora’s fan. What drops the myrrh. and what the balmy reed. my ever new delight! Awake: The morning shines. then with voice Mild. with looks of cordial love Hung over her enamoured. which the only sound Of leaves and fuming rills. and beheld Beauty. and the fresh field Calls us. Awake. we lose the prime. my latest found. for his sleep Was aery-light. on his side Leaning half raised. My fairest. When Adam waked. Her hand soft touching. And temperate vapours bland. so much the more His wonder was to find unwakened Eve With tresses discomposed. whispered thus.Book V ow Morn. and the shrill matin song Of birds on every bough. her rosy steps in the eastern clime Advancing. whether waking or asleep. so customed. As through unquiet rest: He. as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. my espoused. Heaven’s last best gift. how blows the citron grove. Lightly dispersed. from pure digestion bred. Shot forth peculiar graces. How nature paints her colours. which. sowed the earth with orient 129 N .

‘If none regard. methought. alone I passed through ways That brought me on a sudden to the tree Of interdicted knowledge: fair it seemed. or morrow’s next design. that now awake ‘Tunes sweetest his love-laboured song.Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet. of thee. Close at mine ear one called me forth to walk With gentle voice. not. To find thee I directed then my walk. with ravishment ‘Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. thus she spake. And on. My glory. and morn returned.’ I rose as at thy call. now reigns ‘Full-orbed the moon. as I oft am wont. But of offence and trouble. O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose. ‘Whom to behold but thee. ‘Why sleepest thou. I thought it thine: It said. Such whispering waked her. Much fairer to my fancy than by day: 130 Paradise Lost . but with startled eye On Adam. in vain. save where silence yields ‘To the night-warbling bird. the silent. ‘The cool. and with more pleasing light ‘Shadowy sets off the face of things. Eve? now is the pleasant time. Nature’s desire? ‘In whose sight all things joy. If dreamed. for I this night (Such night till this I never passed) have dreamed. Works of day past. whom embracing. but found thee not. Heaven wakes with all his eyes. my perfection! glad I see Thy face. which my mind Knew never till this irksome night: Methought.

and taste thy sweet. nor Man? Is knowledge so despised? ‘Or envy. worthier canst not be: ‘Taste this. and to me held. me damp horrour chilled At such bold words vouched with a deed so bold: But he thus. ‘But sometimes in the air. or what reserve forbids to taste? ‘Forbid who will. happy creature. none shall from me withhold ‘Longer thy offered good. ‘Sweet of 131 . ‘The author not impaired. ‘O fruit divine. on that tree he also gazed. and see ‘What life the Gods live there. by merit thine. as only fit ‘For Gods. since good. he tasted. it seems. ‘Happier thou mayest be. as we. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and be henceforth among the Gods ‘Thyself a Goddess. ‘Nor God.And. as I wondering looked. yet able to make Gods of Men: ‘And why not Gods of Men. ‘with fruit surcharged. sometimes ‘Ascend to Heaven. ‘Deigns none to ease thy load. not to earth confined.’ said he. beside it stood One shaped and winged like one of those from Heaven By us oft seen. overjoyed. but much more sweet thus cropt. And ‘O fair plant. ‘Forbidden here. more abundant grows. the more ‘Communicated. fair angelick Eve! ‘Partake thou also. but with venturous arm He plucked. his dewy locks distilled Ambrosia. happy though thou art. he drew nigh. why else set here? This said. he paused not. but honoured more? ‘Here. and such live thou!’ So saying.

Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part Which he had plucked; the pleasant savoury smell So quickened appetite, that I, methought, Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the clouds With him I flew, and underneath beheld The earth outstretched immense, a prospect wide And various: Wondering at my flight and change To this high exaltation; suddenly My guide was gone, and I, methought, sunk down, And fell asleep; but O, how glad I waked To find this but a dream! Thus Eve her night Related, and thus Adam answered sad. Best image of myself, and dearer half, The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally; nor can I like This uncouth dream, of evil sprung, I fear; Yet evil whence? in thee can harbour none, Created pure. But know that in the soul Are many lesser faculties, that serve Reason as chief; among these Fancy next Her office holds; of all external things Which the five watchful senses represent, She forms imaginations, aery shapes, Which Reason, joining or disjoining, frames All what we affirm or what deny, and call Our knowledge or opinion; then retires Into her private cell, when nature rests. Oft in her absence mimick Fancy wakes To imitate her; but, misjoining shapes,
132 Paradise Lost

Wild work produces oft, and most in dreams; Ill matching words and deeds long past or late. Some such resemblances, methinks, I find Of our last evening’s talk, in this thy dream, But with addition strange; yet be not sad. Evil into the mind of God or Man May come and go, so unreproved, and leave No spot or blame behind: Which gives me hope That what in sleep thou didst abhor to dream, Waking thou never will consent to do. Be not disheartened then, nor cloud those looks, That wont to be more cheerful and serene, Than when fair morning first smiles on the world; And let us to our fresh employments rise Among the groves, the fountains, and the flowers That open now their choisest bosomed smells, Reserved from night, and kept for thee in store. So cheered he his fair spouse, and she was cheered; But silently a gentle tear let fall From either eye, and wiped them with her hair; Two other precious drops that ready stood, Each in their crystal sluice, he ere they fell Kissed, as the gracious signs of sweet remorse And pious awe, that feared to have offended. So all was cleared, and to the field they haste. But first, from under shady arborous roof Soon as they forth were come to open sight Of day-spring, and the sun, who, scarce up-risen, With wheels yet hovering o’er the ocean-brim,
Free eBooks at Planet 133

Shot parallel to the earth his dewy ray, Discovering in wide landskip all the east Of Paradise and Eden’s happy plains, Lowly they bowed adoring, and began Their orisons, each morning duly paid In various style; for neither various style Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise Their Maker, in fit strains pronounced, or sung Unmeditated; such prompt eloquence Flowed from their lips, in prose or numerous verse, More tuneable than needed lute or harp To add more sweetness; and they thus began. These are thy glorious works, Parent of good, Almighty! Thine this universal frame, Thus wonderous fair; Thyself how wonderous then! Unspeakable, who sitst above these heavens To us invisible, or dimly seen In these thy lowest works; yet these declare Thy goodness beyond thought, and power divine. Speak, ye who best can tell, ye sons of light, Angels; for ye behold him, and with songs And choral symphonies, day without night, Circle his throne rejoicing; ye in Heaven On Earth join all ye Creatures to extol Him first, him last, him midst, and without end. Fairest of stars, last in the train of night, If better thou belong not to the dawn, Sure pledge of day, that crownest the smiling morn With thy bright circlet, praise him in thy sphere,
134 Paradise Lost

While day arises, that sweet hour of prime. Thou Sun, of this great world both eye and soul, Acknowledge him thy greater; sound his praise In thy eternal course, both when thou climbest, And when high noon hast gained, and when thou fallest. Moon, that now meetest the orient sun, now flyest, With the fixed Stars, fixed in their orb that flies; And ye five other wandering Fires, that move In mystick dance not without song, resound His praise, who out of darkness called up light. Air, and ye Elements, the eldest birth Of Nature’s womb, that in quaternion run Perpetual circle, multiform; and mix And nourish all things; let your ceaseless change Vary to our great Maker still new praise. Ye Mists and Exhalations, that now rise From hill or steaming lake, dusky or gray, Till the sun paint your fleecy skirts with gold, In honour to the world’s great Author rise; Whether to deck with clouds the uncoloured sky, Or wet the thirsty earth with falling showers, Rising or falling still advance his praise. His praise, ye Winds, that from four quarters blow, Breathe soft or loud; and, wave your tops, ye Pines, With every plant, in sign of worship wave. Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow, Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praise. Join voices, all ye living Souls: Ye Birds, That singing up to Heaven-gate ascend,
Free eBooks at Planet 135

Bear on your wings and in your notes his praise. Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk The earth, and stately tread, or lowly creep; Witness if I be silent, morn or even, To hill, or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Made vocal by my song, and taught his praise. Hail, universal Lord, be bounteous still To give us only good; and if the night Have gathered aught of evil, or concealed, Disperse it, as now light dispels the dark! So prayed they innocent, and to their thoughts Firm peace recovered soon, and wonted calm. On to their morning’s rural work they haste, Among sweet dews and flowers; where any row Of fruit-trees over-woody reached too far Their pampered boughs, and needed hands to check Fruitless embraces: or they led the vine To wed her elm; she, spoused, about him twines Her marriageable arms, and with him brings Her dower, the adopted clusters, to adorn His barren leaves. Them thus employed beheld With pity Heaven’s high King, and to him called Raphael, the sociable Spirit, that deigned To travel with Tobias, and secured His marriage with the seventimes-wedded maid. Raphael, said he, thou hearest what stir on Earth Satan, from Hell ‘scaped through the darksome gulf, Hath raised in Paradise; and how disturbed This night the human pair; how he designs
136 Paradise Lost

In them at once to ruin all mankind. Go therefore, half this day as friend with friend Converse with Adam, in what bower or shade Thou findest him from the heat of noon retired, To respite his day-labour with repast, Or with repose; and such discourse bring on, As may advise him of his happy state, Happiness in his power left free to will, Left to his own free will, his will though free, Yet mutable; whence warn him to beware He swerve not, too secure: Tell him withal His danger, and from whom; what enemy, Late fallen himself from Heaven, is plotting now The fall of others from like state of bliss; By violence? no, for that shall be withstood; But by deceit and lies: This let him know, Lest, wilfully transgressing, he pretend Surprisal, unadmonished, unforewarned. So spake the Eternal Father, and fulfilled All justice: Nor delayed the winged Saint After his charge received; but from among Thousand celestial Ardours, where he stood Veiled with his gorgeous wings, up springing light, Flew through the midst of Heaven; the angelick quires, On each hand parting, to his speed gave way Through all the empyreal road; till, at the gate Of Heaven arrived, the gate self-opened wide On golden hinges turning, as by work Divine the sovran Architect had framed.
Free eBooks at Planet 137

From hence no cloud, or, to obstruct his sight, Star interposed, however small he sees, Not unconformed to other shining globes, Earth, and the garden of God, with cedars crowned Above all hills. As when by night the glass Of Galileo, less assured, observes Imagined lands and regions in the moon: Or pilot, from amidst the Cyclades Delos or Samos first appearing, kens A cloudy spot. Down thither prone in flight He speeds, and through the vast ethereal sky Sails between worlds and worlds, with steady wing Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan Winnows the buxom air; till, within soar Of towering eagles, to all the fowls he seems A phoenix, gazed by all as that sole bird, When, to enshrine his reliques in the Sun’s Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies. At once on the eastern cliff of Paradise He lights, and to his proper shape returns A Seraph winged: Six wings he wore, to shade His lineaments divine; the pair that clad Each shoulder broad, came mantling o’er his breast With regal ornament; the middle pair Girt like a starry zone his waist, and round Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold And colours dipt in Heaven; the third his feet Shadowed from either heel with feathered mail, Sky-tinctured grain. Like Maia’s son he stood,
138 Paradise Lost

and not disrelish thirst Of nectarous draughts between. And. more warmth than Adam needs: And Eve within. Him through the spicy forest onward come Adam discerned. Their glittering tents he passed. and balm. as in the door he sat Of his cool bower. and played at will Her virgin fancies pouring forth more sweet. that heavenly fragrance filled The circuit wide. For on some message high they guessed him bound. And to his message high. through groves of myrrh. nard. A wilderness of sweets. from milky stream. of taste to please True appetite. But go with speed. bring forth. and will vouchsafe This day to be our guest. seems another morn Risen on mid-noon. enormous bliss. while now the mounted sun Shot down direct his fervid rays to warm Earth’s inmost womb. some great behest from Heaven To us perhaps he brings. Haste hither. Berry or grape: To whom thus Adam called. and now is come Into the blissful field.And shook his plumes. due at her hour prepared For dinner savoury fruits. in honour rise. what thy stores contain. cassia. for Nature here Wantoned as in her prime. and pour Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Wild above rule or art. Eve. and to his state. And flowering odours. what glorious shape Comes this way 139 . Straight knew him all the bands Of Angels under watch. and worth thy sight behold Eastward among those trees.

To whom thus Eve. which instructs us not to spare. but bring Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change. fit to honour and receive Our heavenly stranger: Well we may afford Our givers their own gifts. Adam. or shell. will pluck such choice To entertain our Angel-guest. where Nature multiplies Her fertile growth. and from each bough and brake.Abundance. all-bearing mother. She gathers. inelegant. What order. or middle shore In Pontus or the Punick coast. and from each tender stalk Whatever Earth. Of God inspired! small store will serve. tribute large. ripe for use hangs on the stalk. and on the board 140 Paradise Lost . Bestirs her then. Each plant and juciest gourd. not well joined. or where Alcinous reigned. and large bestow From large bestowed. So saying. or smooth rind. with dispatchful looks in haste She turns. where store. in coat Rough. earth’s hallowed mould. and superfluous moist consumes: But I will haste. and by disburthening grows More fruitful. fruit of all kinds. so contrived as not to mix Tastes. on hospitable thoughts intent What choice to choose for delicacy best. as he Beholding shall confess. yields In India East or West. All seasons. or bearded husk. that here on Earth God hath dispensed his bounties as in Heaven. Save what by frugal storing firmness gains To nourish.

though not awed. More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits On princes.Heaps with unsparing hand. Dazzles the croud. I therefore came. Whom thus the angelick Virtue answered mild. Nearer his presence Adam. and sets them all agape. nor these to hold Wants her fit vessels pure. Mean while our primitive great sire. then strows the ground With rose and odours from the shrub unfumed. nor art thou such Free eBooks at Planet eBook. walks forth. inoffensive must. Adam. and grooms besmeared with gold. As to a superiour nature bowing low. who yet by sovran gift possess This spacious ground. and the sun more cool decline. to meet His God-like guest. and what the garden choicest bears To sit and taste. without more train Accompanied than with his own complete Perfections. and from sweet kernels pressed She tempers dulcet creams. and honour these. Those happy places thou hast deigned a while To want. till this meridian heat Be over. Since. Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek. for drink the grape She crushes. by descending from the thrones above. in yonder shady bower To rest. Native of Heaven. in himself was all his state. Thus said. when their rich retinue long Of horses led. for other place None can than Heaven such glorious shape contain. vouchsafe with us Two only. and meaths From many a 141 .

And on her ample square from side to side All autumn piled. and mossy seats had round. unsavoury food perhaps 142 Paradise Lost . No fear lest dinner cool. the holy salutation used Long after to blest Mary. I have at will. from whom All perfect good. So to the sylvan lodge They came. no thought infirm Altered her cheek. but Eve.Created. Heavenly stranger. though spring and autumn here Danced hand in hand. A while discourse they hold. unmeasured out. please to taste These bounties. that like Pomona’s arbour smiled. descends. whose fruitful womb Shall fill the world more numerous with thy sons. or the fairest Goddess feigned Of three that in mount Ida naked strove. when thus began Our author. Than with these various fruits the trees of God Have heaped this table!—Raised of grassy turf Their table was. To visit thee. With flowerets decked. or such place hast here to dwell. for these mid-hours. though Spirits of Heaven. which our Nourisher. Hail. and fragrant smells. Stood to entertain her guest from Heaven. Mother of Mankind. second Eve. On whom the Angel Hail Bestowed. Undecked save with herself. more lovely fair Than Wood-Nymph. lead on then where thy bower O’ershades. no veil She needed. To us for food and for delight hath caused The earth to yield. As may not oft invite. till evening rise. virtue-proof.

To spiritual natures; only this I know, That one celestial Father gives to all. To whom the Angel. Therefore what he gives (Whose praise be ever sung) to Man in part Spiritual, may of purest Spirits be found No ingrateful food: And food alike those pure Intelligential substances require, As doth your rational; and both contain Within them every lower faculty Of sense, whereby they hear, see, smell, touch, taste, Tasting concoct, digest, assimilate, And corporeal to incorporeal turn. For know, whatever was created, needs To be sustained and fed: Of elements The grosser feeds the purer, earth the sea, Earth and the sea feed air, the air those fires Ethereal, and as lowest first the moon; Whence in her visage round those spots, unpurged Vapours not yet into her substance turned. Nor doth the moon no nourishment exhale From her moist continent to higher orbs. The sun that light imparts to all, receives From all his alimental recompence In humid exhalations, and at even Sups with the ocean. Though in Heaven the trees Of life ambrosial fruitage bear, and vines Yield nectar; though from off the boughs each morn We brush mellifluous dews, and find the ground Covered with pearly grain: Yet God hath here
Free eBooks at Planet 143

Varied his bounty so with new delights, As may compare with Heaven; and to taste Think not I shall be nice. So down they sat, And to their viands fell; nor seemingly The Angel, nor in mist, the common gloss Of Theologians; but with keen dispatch Of real hunger, and concoctive heat To transubstantiate: What redounds, transpires Through Spirits with ease; nor wonder;if by fire Of sooty coal the empirick alchemist Can turn, or holds it possible to turn, Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold, As from the mine. Mean while at table Eve Ministered naked, and their flowing cups With pleasant liquours crowned: O innocence Deserving Paradise! if ever, then, Then had the sons of God excuse to have been Enamoured at that sight; but in those hearts Love unlibidinous reigned, nor jealousy Was understood, the injured lover’s hell. Thus when with meats and drinks they had sufficed, Not burdened nature, sudden mind arose In Adam, not to let the occasion pass Given him by this great conference to know Of things above his world, and of their being Who dwell in Heaven, whose excellence he saw Transcend his own so far; whose radiant forms, Divine effulgence, whose high power, so far Exceeded human; and his wary speech
144 Paradise Lost

Thus to the empyreal minister he framed. Inhabitant with God, now know I well Thy favour, in this honour done to Man; Under whose lowly roof thou hast vouchsafed To enter, and these earthly fruits to taste, Food not of Angels, yet accepted so, As that more willingly thou couldst not seem At Heaven’s high feasts to have fed: yet what compare To whom the winged Hierarch replied. O Adam, One Almighty is, from whom All things proceed, and up to him return, If not depraved from good, created all Such to perfection, one first matter all, Endued with various forms, various degrees Of substance, and, in things that live, of life; But more refined, more spiritous, and pure, As nearer to him placed, or nearer tending Each in their several active spheres assigned, Till body up to spirit work, in bounds Proportioned to each kind. So from the root Springs lighter the green stalk, from thence the leaves More aery, last the bright consummate flower Spirits odorous breathes: flowers and their fruit, Man’s nourishment, by gradual scale sublimed, To vital spirits aspire, to animal, To intellectual; give both life and sense, Fancy and understanding; whence the soul Reason receives, and reason is her being, Discursive, or intuitive; discourse
Free eBooks at Planet 145

Is oftest yours, the latter most is ours, Differing but in degree, of kind the same. Wonder not then, what God for you saw good If I refuse not, but convert, as you To proper substance. Time may come, when Men With Angels may participate, and find No inconvenient diet, nor too light fare; And from these corporal nutriments perhaps Your bodies may at last turn all to spirit, Improved by tract of time, and, winged, ascend Ethereal, as we; or may, at choice, Here or in heavenly Paradises dwell; If ye be found obedient, and retain Unalterably firm his love entire, Whose progeny you are. Mean while enjoy Your fill what happiness this happy state Can comprehend, incapable of more. To whom the patriarch of mankind replied. O favourable Spirit, propitious guest, Well hast thou taught the way that might direct Our knowledge, and the scale of nature set From center to circumference; whereon, In contemplation of created things, By steps we may ascend to God. But say, What meant that caution joined, If ye be found Obedient? Can we want obedience then To him, or possibly his love desert, Who formed us from the dust and placed us here Full to the utmost measure of what bliss
146 Paradise Lost

Human desires can seek or apprehend? To whom the Angel. Son of Heaven and Earth, Attend! That thou art happy, owe to God; That thou continuest such, owe to thyself, That is, to thy obedience; therein stand. This was that caution given thee; be advised. God made thee perfect, not immutable; And good he made thee, but to persevere He left it in thy power; ordained thy will By nature free, not over-ruled by fate Inextricable, or strict necessity: Our voluntary service he requires, Not our necessitated; such with him Finds no acceptance, nor can find; for how Can hearts, not free, be tried whether they serve Willing or no, who will but what they must By destiny, and can no other choose? Myself, and all the angelick host, that stand In sight of God, enthroned, our happy state Hold, as you yours, while our obedience holds; On other surety none: Freely we serve, Because we freely love, as in our will To love or not; in this we stand or fall: And some are fallen, to disobedience fallen, And so from Heaven to deepest Hell; O fall From what high state of bliss, into what woe! To whom our great progenitor. Thy words Attentive, and with more delighted ear, Divine instructer, I have heard, than when
Free eBooks at Planet 147

Cherubick songs by night from neighbouring hills Aereal musick send: Nor knew I not To be both will and deed created free; Yet that we never shall forget to love Our Maker, and obey him whose command Single is yet so just, my constant thoughts Assured me, and still assure: Though what thou tellest Hath passed in Heaven, some doubt within me move, But more desire to hear, if thou consent, The full relation, which must needs be strange, Worthy of sacred silence to be heard; And we have yet large day, for scarce the sun Hath finished half his journey, and scarce begins His other half in the great zone of Heaven. Thus Adam made request; and Raphael, After short pause assenting, thus began. High matter thou enjoinest me, O prime of men, Sad task and hard: For how shall I relate To human sense the invisible exploits Of warring Spirits? how, without remorse, The ruin of so many glorious once And perfect while they stood? how last unfold The secrets of another world, perhaps Not lawful to reveal? yet for thy good This is dispensed; and what surmounts the reach Of human sense, I shall delineate so, By likening spiritual to corporal forms, As may express them best; though what if Earth Be but a shadow of Heaven, and things therein
148 Paradise Lost

Each to other like, more than on earth is thought? As yet this world was not, and Chaos wild Reigned where these Heavens now roll, where Earth now rests Upon her center poised; when on a day (For time, though in eternity, applied To motion, measures all things durable By present, past, and future,) on such day As Heaven’s great year brings forth, the empyreal host Of Angels by imperial summons called, Innumerable before the Almighty’s throne Forthwith, from all the ends of Heaven, appeared Under their Hierarchs in orders bright: Ten thousand thousand ensigns high advanced, Standards and gonfalons ‘twixt van and rear Stream in the air, and for distinction serve Of hierarchies, of orders, and degrees; Or in their glittering tissues bear imblazed Holy memorials, acts of zeal and love Recorded eminent. Thus when in orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood, Orb within orb, the Father Infinite, By whom in bliss imbosomed sat the Son, Amidst as from a flaming mount, whose top Brightness had made invisible, thus spake. Hear, all ye Angels, progeny of light, Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Powers; Hear my decree, which unrevoked shall stand. This day I have begot whom I declare
Free eBooks at Planet 149

Mystical dance. For ever happy: Him who disobeys. and of fixed. as other solemn days. and with his words All seemed well pleased. We ours for change delectable. to him shall bow All knees in Heaven. in all her wheels Resembles nearest. that God’s own ear Listens delighted. mazes intricate.) Forthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn Desirous. when most irregular they seem. which yonder starry sphere Of planets. without end. Tables are set. and on a sudden piled 150 Paradise Lost . as one individual soul. Eccentrick. And by myself have sworn. Me disobeys. all seemed. Cast out from God and blessed vision. and shall confess him Lord: Under his great vice-gerent reign abide United. Evening now approached. your head I him appoint. deep ingulfed. whom ye now behold At my right hand. yet regular Then most. And in their motions harmony divine So smooths her charming tones. So spake the Omnipotent. falls Into utter darkness. not need. and that day. all in circles as they stood.My only Son. they spent In song and dance about the sacred hill. and on this holy hill Him have anointed. (For we have also our evening and our morn. his place Ordained without redemption. That day. intervolved. breaks union. but were not all.

With Angels food. who. Fruit of delicious vines. On flowers reposed. he of the first. In favour and pre-eminence. rejoicing in their joy. (for night comes not there In darker veil. the face of brightest Heaven had changed To grateful twilight. and wider far Than all this globous earth in plain outspread. their camp extend By living streams among the trees of life. Celestial tabernacles. Now when ambrosial night with clouds exhaled From that high mount of God. They eat.) and roseat dews disposed All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest. in their course. where full measure only bounds Excess. they drink. and massy gold. where they slept Fanned with cool winds. secure Of surfeit. Melodious hymns about the sovran throne Alternate all night long: but not so waked Satan. whence light and shade Spring both. who showered With copious hand. and rubied nectar flows In pearl. Pavilions 151 . If not the first Arch-Angel. yet fraught Free eBooks at Planet eBook. the growth of Heaven. and with fresh flowerets crowned. and in communion sweet Quaff immortality and joy. Wide over all the plain. his former name Is heard no more in Heaven. Dispersed in bands and files. (Such are the courts of God) the angelick throng. in diamond. so call him now. before the all-bounteous King. great in power. save those. and sudden reared.

could not bear Through pride that sight. and proclaimed Messiah King anointed. New laws from him who reigns. unobeyed.With envy against the Son of God. Sleepest thou. I mine to thee was wont to impart. that day Honoured by his great Father. where we possess The quarters of the north. how then can now Thy sleep dissent? New laws thou seest imposed. Assemble thou Of all those myriads which we lead the chief. that by command. with flying march. Tell them. Both waking we were one. there to prepare Fit entertainment to receive our King. ere yet dim night Her shadowy cloud withdraws. Contemptuous. the throne supreme. and his next subordinate Awakening. new counsels to debate What doubtful may ensue: More in this place To utter is not safe. new minds may raise In us who serve. Deep malice thence conceiving and disdain. so late hath passed the lips Of Heaven’s Almighty. he resolved With all his legions to dislodge. And all who under me their banners wave. thus to him in secret spake. Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour Friendliest to sleep and silence. Companion dear? What sleep can close Thy eye-lids? and rememberest what decree Of yesterday. I am to haste. Thou to me thy thoughts Wast wont. and leave Unworshipt. 152 Paradise Lost . Homeward. and thought himself impaired.

Mean while the Eternal eye. smiling. to his only Son thus said. now ere night.The great 153 . Now ere dim night had disincumbered Heaven. saw without their light Rebellion rising. and superiour voice Of their great Potentate. That the Most High commanding. what multitudes Were banded to oppose his high decree. and give laws. saw in whom. So spake the false Arch-Angel. And from within the golden lamps that burn Nightly before him. thou in whom my glory I behold Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Under him Regent. The great hierarchal standard was to move. Or several one by one. to sound Or taint integrity: But all obeyed The wonted signal. Who speedily through all the hierarchies Intends to pass triumphant. whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts. how spread Among the sons of morn. the regent Powers. for great indeed His name. as the morning-star that guides The starry flock. as he was taught. and high was his degree in Heaven. and with lies Drew after him the third part of Heaven’s host. And. from forth his holy mount. Son. allured them. and casts between Ambiguous words and jealousies. and infused Bad influence into the unwary breast Of his associate: He together calls. Tells the suggested cause. His countenance. tells. and his new commands.

which the sun Impearls on every leaf and every flower. Or stars of morning. hath in his thought to try In battle. To whom the Son with calm aspect and clear.In full resplendence. throughout the spacious north. and with what arms We mean to hold what anciently we claim Of deity or empire: Such a foe Is rising. Regions they passed. when they see all regal power Given me to quell their pride. an host Innumerable as the stars of night. our hill. Nearly it now concerns us to be sure Of our Omnipotence. and to this hazard draw With speed what force is left. or our right. but Satan. thou thy foes Justly hast in derision. Nor so content. secure. Made answer. the mighty regencies 154 Paradise Lost . and. and in event Know whether I be dextrous to subdue Thy rebels. lest unawares we lose This our high place. Matter to me of glory. our sanctuary. Let us advise. Lightning divine. Far was advanced on winged speed. with his Powers. what our power is. Mighty Father. whom their hate Illustrates. who intends to erect his throne Equal to ours. Heir of all my might. dew-drops. or be found the worst in Heaven. and all employ In our defence. serene. So spake the Son. Laughest at their vain designs and tumults vain. ineffable.

and Satan to his royal seat High on a hill. from one entire globose Stretched into longitude. Thither to come. If these magnifick titles yet remain Not merely titular. Pretending so commanded to consult About the great reception of their King. Powers. and rocks of gold. with pyramids and towers From diamond quarries hewn. Princedoms. Adam. far blazing. and Thrones. since by decree Another now hath to himself engrossed All power. is no more Than what this garden is to all the earth. For thither he assembled all his train. At length into the limits of the north They came. and with calumnious art Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears. and us eclipsed under the name Of King anointed. Thrones. And all the sea.Of Seraphim. In their triple degrees. The Mountain of the Congregation 155 . as a mount Raised on a mount. he Affecting all equality with God. regions to which All thy dominion. Virtues. for whom all this haste Free eBooks at Planet eBook. In imitation of that mount whereon Messiah was declared in sight of Heaven. which having passed. and Potentates. Dominations. (so call That structure in the dialect of men Interpreted.) which not long after. The palace of great Lucifer.

to the abuse Of those imperial titles. With what may be devised of honours new. and choose to bend The supple knee? Ye will not. prostration vile! Too much to one! but double how endured. and if not equal all. Equally free. when among the Seraphim Abdiel. for orders and degrees Jar not with liberty. To one. than whom none with more zeal adored The Deity. In freedom equal? or can introduce Law and edict on us. And look for adoration.Of midnight-march. which assert Our being ordained to govern. and to his image now proclaimed? But what if better counsels might erect Our minds. Who can in reason then. This only to consult how we may best. who without law Err not? much less for this to be our Lord. not to serve. Thus far his bold discourse without controul Had audience. and teach us to cast off this yoke? Will ye submit your necks. or if ye know yourselves Natives and sons of Heaven possessed before By none. but well consist. Receive him coming to receive from us Knee-tribute yet unpaid. assume Monarchy over such as live by right His equals. yet free. or right. and hurried meeting here. if in power and splendour less. 156 Paradise Lost . if I trust To know ye right. and divine commands obeyed.

pronounced and sworn. One over all with unsucceeded power. That equal over equals monarch reign: Thyself. to bind with laws the free. and formed the Powers of Heaven Such as he pleased. we know how good. and in a flame of zeal severe The current of his fury thus opposed. But to grant it thee unjust. how far from thought To make us less. and in that honour due Confess him rightful King? unjust. In place thyself so high above thy peers. O argument blasphemous.Stood up. every soul in Heaven Shall bend the knee. thou sayest. bent rather to exalt Our happy state. though great and glorious. And equal over equals to let reign. by right endued With regal scepter. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Flatly unjust. Canst thou with impious obloquy condemn The just decree of God. That to his only Son. under one head more near United. false. least of all from thee. Equal to him begotten Son? by whom. and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heaven Expected. and circumscribed their being? Yet. who made Thee what thou art. Or all angelick nature joined in one. by experience taught. And of our good and of our dignity How provident he 157 . Shalt thou give law to God? shalt thou dispute With him the points of liberty. Ingrate. dost thou count.

when fatal course Had circled his full orb. That we were formed then sayest thou? and the work Of secondary hands. self-raised By our own quickening power. self-begot. His laws our laws. Cease then this impious rage.As by his Word. Essential Powers. nor by his reign obscured. thus replied. Know none before us. But more illustrious made. And tempt not these. Our puissance is our own. Virtues. as out of season judged. and all the Spirits of Heaven By him created in their bright degrees. and to their glory named Thrones. more haughty. ethereal sons. Dominations. while the Maker gave thee being? We know no time when we were not as now. but hasten to appease The incensed Father. but his zeal None seconded. and. Crowned them with glory. even thee. While pardon may be found in time besought. Princedoms. and the incensed Son. by task transferred From Father to his Son? strange point and new! Doctrine which we would know whence learned: who saw When this creation was? rememberest thou Thy making. the Mighty Father made All things. since he the head One of our number thus reduced becomes. the birth mature Of this our native Heaven. Or singular and rash: Whereat rejoiced The Apostate. Powers. our own right hand 158 Paradise Lost . So spake the fervent Angel. all honour to him done Returns our own.

and. O Spirit accursed. contagion spread Both of thy crime and punishment: Henceforth No more be troubled how to quit the yoke Of God’s Messiah. And fly. Forsaken of all good! I see thy fall Determined. lest the wrath Impendent. thus answered bold. though alone Encompassed round with foes. other decrees Against thee are gone forth without recall. nor less for that The flaming Seraph fearless. This report. devouring fire.Shall teach us highest deeds. as the sound of waters deep. Is now an iron rod to bruise and break Thy disobedience. and thy hapless crew involved In this perfidious fraud. Yet not for thy advice or threats I fly These wicked tents devoted. Hoarse murmur echoed to his words applause Through the infinite host. These tidings carry to the anointed King. Well thou didst 159 . which thou didst reject. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. O alienate from God. That golden scepter. Distinguish not: For soon expect to feel His thunder on thy head. by proof to try Who is our equal: Then thou shalt behold Whether by supplication we intend Address. ere evil intercept thy flight. raging into sudden flame. and to begirt the almighty throne Beseeching or besieging. He said. those indulgent laws Will not be now vouchsafed.

with retorted scorn.Then who created thee lamenting learn. or change his constant mind. So spake the Seraph Abdiel. Though single. faithful found Among the faithless. 160 Paradise Lost . From amidst them forth he passed. Unshaken. unmoved. And. his back he turned On those proud towers to swift destruction doomed. When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. with him wrought To swerve from truth. faithful only he. unterrified. unseduced. his zeal. Nor number. nor example. which he sustained Superiour. his love. His loyalty he kept. Long way through hostile scorn. Among innumerable false. nor of violence feared aught.

Where light and darkness in perpetual round Lodge and dislodge by turns. though darkness there might well Seem twilight here: And now went forth the Morn Such as in highest Heaven arrayed in gold Empyreal. war in procinct. and fiery steeds. with rosy hand Unbarred the gates of light. Reflecting blaze on blaze. first met his view: War he perceived. Shot through with orient beams. fast by his throne. Chariots. till her hour To veil the 161 . Light issues forth. unpursued. till Morn. who him received Free eBooks at Planet eBook. from before her vanished Night. Waked by the circling Hours. like day and night. and flaming arms. and found Already known what he for news had thought To have reported: Gladly then he mixed Among those friendly Powers. and at the other door Obsequious darkness enters.Book VI A ll night the dreadless Angel. There is a cave Within the mount of God. Through Heaven’s wide champain held his way. when all the plain Covered with thick embattled squadrons bright. which makes through Heaven Grateful vicissitude.

aided by this host of friends. By thousands and by millions. That of so many myriads fallen. far worse to bear Than violence. Equal in number to that Godless crew Rebellious: Them with fire and hostile arms Fearless assault. From midst a golden cloud. and to subdue By force. and for their King Messiah. Go. in military prowess next. On to the sacred hill They led him high applauded. who reason for their law refuse. of celestial armies prince.With joy and acclamations loud. Michael. Than scorned thou didst depart. Gabriel. from whence a voice. who by right of merit reigns. for this was all thy care To stand approved in sight of God. ranged for fight. yet one Returned not lost. And thou. thus mild was heard. lead forth my armed Saints. that one. Servant of God. and. Well done. though worlds Judged thee perverse: The easier conquest now Remains thee. to the brow of Heaven 162 Paradise Lost . and present Before the seat supreme. lead forth to battle these my sons Invincible. Right reason for their law. who single hast maintained Against revolted multitudes the cause Of truth. in word mightier than they in arms. And for the testimony of truth hast borne Universal reproach. well hast thou fought The better fight. Back on thy foes more glorious to return.

in mighty quadrate joined Of union irresistible. and the passive air upbore Their nimble tread. for high above the ground Their march was. so over many a tract Of Heaven they marched. nor obvious hill. On they move Indissolubly firm. moved on In silence their bright legions. stretched Free eBooks at Planet eBook. as when the total kind Of birds. and clouds began To darken all the hill. Far in the horizon to the north appeared From skirt to skirt a fiery region. which ready opens wide His fiery Chaos to receive their fall. in orderly array on wing. That stood for Heaven. divides Their perfect ranks. and smoke to roll In dusky wreaths. the gulf Of Tartarus. nor with less dread the loud Ethereal trumpet from on high ‘gan blow: At which command the Powers militant. drive them out from God and 163 . reluctant flames.Pursuing. Came summoned over Eden to receive Their names of thee. Tenfold the length of this terrene: At last. nor wood. Into their place of punishment. Nor straitening vale. that breathed Heroick ardour to adventurous deeds Under their God-like leaders. nor stream. in the cause Of God and his Messiah. the sign Of wrath awaked. and many a province wide. So spake the Sovran Voice. to the sound Of instrumental harmony.

as sons of one great Sire. with vast and haughty strides advanced. for now ‘twixt host and host but narrow space was left. The banded Powers of Satan hasting on With furious expedition. On the rough edge of battle ere it joined. that Angel should with Angel war. with boastful argument portrayed.In battailous aspect. Hymning the Eternal Father: But the shout Of battle now began. who wont to meet So oft in festivals of joy and love Unanimous. The Apostate in his sun-bright chariot sat. and front to front Presented stood in terrible array Of hideous length: Before the cloudy van. for they weened That self-same day. Idol of majesty divine. and nearer view Bristled with upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears. and rushing sound Of onset ended soon each milder thought. by fight or by surprise. the proud Aspirer. A dreadful interval. and on his throne To set the Envier of his state. 164 Paradise Lost . Then lighted from his gorgeous throne. exalted as a God. High in the midst. Satan. but their thoughts proved fond and vain In the mid way: Though strange to us it seemed At first. enclosed With flaming Cherubim. And in fierce hosting meet. and golden shields. To win the mount of God. and shields Various. and helmets thronged.

half-way he met His daring foe. art thou met? thy hope was to have reached The highth of thy aspiring unopposed. though to fight unconquerable? His puissance. O Heaven! that such resemblance of the Highest Should yet remain. in both disputes alike Victor. That he. Proud. at the terrour of thy power Or potent tongue: Fool!not to think how vain Against the Omnipotent to rise in 165 . at this prevention more Incensed. Should win in arms. where he stood Among the mightiest. armed in adamant and gold. I mean to try. without end. and from his armed peers Forth stepping opposite. and thus securely him defied. yet so Most reason is that reason overcome. bent on highest deeds. And thus his own undaunted heart explores. trusting in the Almighty’s aid. who in debate of truth hath won. Abdiel that sight endured not. nor is it aught but just. The throne of God unguarded. Have raised incessant armies to defeat Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and his side Abandoned. or weakest prove Where boldest. though brutish that contest and foul. When reason hath to deal with force. whose reason I have tried Unsound and false. So pondering. where faith and realty Remain not: Wherefore should not strength and might There fail where virtue fails.Came towering. Who out of smallest things could.

At first I thought that Liberty and Heaven To heavenly souls had been all one. since first that tongue. first sought for. that thy success may show Destruction to the rest: This pause between. but in wished hour Of my revenge.Thy folly. and piety to God. Thus answered. who faith Prefer. but now I see that most through sloth had rather serve. Whom the grand foe. there be. though then To thee not visible. and whelmed Thy legions under darkness: But thou seest All are not of thy train. Ill for thee. could have finished thee. Ministring Spirits. the first assay Of this right hand provoked. ambitious to win From me some plume. or with solitary hand Reaching beyond all limit. Inspired with contradiction. in synod met Their deities to assert. can allow Omnipotence to none. while they feel Vigour divine within them. Unaided. durst oppose A third part of the Gods. thou returnest From flight. at one blow. when I alone Seemed in thy world erroneous to dissent From all: My sect thou seest. seditious Angel! to receive Thy merited reward. trained up in feast and song! 166 Paradise Lost . But well thou comest Before thy fellows. when thousands learn too late How few sometimes may know. with scornful eye askance. (Unanswered lest thou boast) to let thee know. who.

that no sight. from the path of truth remote: Unjustly thou depravest it with the name Of servitude. As both their deeds compared this day shall prove. worthiest to be obeyed. Yet lewdly darest our ministring upbraid. but so swift with tempest fell On the proud crest of Satan. thy kingdom. a noble stroke he lifted high. Such ruin intercept: Ten paces huge He back recoiled. Or Nature: God and Nature bid the same. and excels Them whom he governs. Which hung not. Thyself not free. This greeting on thy impious crest receive. the minstrelsy of Heaven. from flight. or waters forcing way. Yet chains in Hell.Such hast thou armed. This is servitude. To serve the unwise. expect: Mean while From me returned. nor end wilt find Of erring. or him who hath rebelled Against his worthier. as if on earth Winds under ground. Servility with freedom to contend. Apostate! still thou errest. let me serve In Heaven God ever blest. but to thyself enthralled. Nor motion of swift thought. not realms. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. So saying. and his divine Behests obey. as thine now serve 167 . To whom in brief thus Abdiel stern replied. the tenth on bended knee His massy spear upstaid. less could his shield. as erst thou saidst. Reign thou in Hell. When he who rules is worthiest. to serve whom God ordains.

with ruinous assault And inextinguishable rage. to see Thus foiled their mightiest. through the vast of Heaven It sounded. and the faithful armies rung Hosanna to the Highest: Nor stood at gaze The adverse legions. and arm him with the force Of all their regions: How much more of power Army against army numberless to raise Dreadful combustion warring. All Heaven Resounded. and fierce desire Of battle: Whereat Michael bid sound The Arch-Angel trumpet. 168 Paradise Lost . nor less hideous joined The horrid shock. and disturb. ours joy filled. Presage of victory. Half sunk with all his pines. but greater rage. arms on armour clashing brayed Horrible discord. And clamour such as heard in Heaven till now Was never. and had Earth been then. What wonder? when Millions of fierce encountering Angels fought On either side. Now storming fury rose. dire was the noise Of conflict. So under fiery cope together rushed Both battles main. and the madding wheels Of brazen chariots raged. over head the dismal hiss Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew. And flying vaulted either host with fire.Sidelong had pushed a mountain from his seat. Amazement seised The rebel Thrones. all Earth Had to her center shook. the least of whom could wield These elements. and shout.

and when to close The ridges of grim war: No thought of flight. each on himself 169 . None of retreat. till Satan. Tormented all the air. such destruction to withstand He hasted. but infinite. and felled Squadrons at once. yet leader seemed Each warriour single as in chief.Though not destroy. and opposed the rocky orb Free eBooks at Planet eBook. the horrid edge came down Wide-wasting. open when. and met in arms No equal. led in fight. From his strong hold of Heaven. or stand. As only in his arm the moment lay Of victory: Deeds of eternal fame Were done. no unbecoming deed That argued fear. at length Saw where the sword of Michael smote. soaring on main wing. expert When to advance. high over-ruled And limited their might. or turn the sway Of battle. Had not the Eternal King Omnipotent. their happy native seat. all air seemed then Conflicting fire. for wide was spread That war and various. who that day Prodigious power had shown. sometimes on firm ground A standing fight. in strength each armed hand A legion. Long time in even scale The battle hung. then. though numbered such As each divided legion might have seemed A numerous host. ranging through the dire attack Of fighting Seraphim confused. with huge two-handed sway Brandished aloft.

Nor think thou with wind Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds 170 Paradise Lost . the seat of bliss.Of tenfold adamant. hateful to all. uncreated till the crime Of thy rebellion! how hast thou instilled Thy malice into thousands. Heaven. Thy offspring. Though heaviest by just measure on thyself. Brooks not the works of violence and war. Unnamed in Heaven. A vast circumference. the arch-foe subdued Or captive dragged in chains. winged from God. Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom. as hoping here to end Intestine war in Heaven. now proved false! But think not here To trouble holy rest. now plenteous as thou seest These acts of hateful strife. Thou and thy wicked crew! there mingle broils. At his approach The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toil Surceased. and evil go with thee along. and glad. So spake the Prince of Angels. Precipitate thee with augmented pain. Or some more sudden vengeance. to the place of evil. to whom thus The Adversary. And thy adherents: How hast thou disturbed Heaven’s blessed peace. unknown till thy revolt. once upright And faithful. Author of evil. his ample shield. Hence then. Hell. with hostile frown And visage all inflamed first thus began. Heaven casts thee out From all her confines. and into nature brought Misery.

that so shall end The strife which thou callest evil. Where erst was thickest fight. They ended parle. unsafe within the wind Of such commotion. or to what things Liken on earth conspicuous. imperious. but that they rise Unvanquished.Thou canst not. and with threats To chase me hence? err not. to set forth Great things by small. and both addressed for fight Unspeakable. but have sought thee far and nigh. if. for who. Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven. nature’s concord broke. the angelick throng. that may lift Human imagination to such highth Of Godlike power? for likest Gods they seemed. Among the constellations war were sprung. in 171 . Free eBooks at Planet eBook. motion. And join him named Almighty to thy aid. such as. arms. which we mean to win. Hast thou turned the least of these To flight. here however to dwell free. though with the tongue Of Angels. but we style The strife of glory. Or turn this Heaven itself into the Hell Thou fablest. two broad suns their shields Blazed opposite. and in the air Made horrid circles. Now waved their fiery swords. I fly not. easier to transact with me That thou shouldst hope. And left large field. If not to reign: Mean while thy utmost force. Stood they or moved. while Expectation stood In horrour: From each hand with speed retired. or if to fall. can relate.

such as celestial Spirits may bleed. and not need repeat. And all his armour stained. so sore The griding sword with discontinuous wound Passed through him: But the ethereal substance closed. But with swift wheel reverse. and despite. and in half cut sheer. while others bore him on their shields Back to his chariot. ere while so bright. who interposed Defence. and from the gash A stream of necturous humour issuing flowed Sanguine. and their jarring spheres confound. Not long divisible. one stroke they aimed That might determine.Two planets. To find himself not matchless. deep entering. and his pride 172 Paradise Lost . rushing from aspect malign Of fiercest opposition. that neither keen Nor solid might resist that edge: it met The sword of Satan. with steep force to smite Descending. Together both with next to almighty arm Up-lifted imminent. Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run By Angels many and strong. where it stood retired From off the files of war: There they him laid Gnashing for anguish. nor odds appeared In might or swift prevention: But the sword Of Michael from the armoury of God Was given him tempered so. As not of power at once. And writhed him to and fro convolved. nor staid. and shame. shared All his right side: Then Satan first knew pain. in mid sky Should combat.

liver or reins. All intellect. for Spirits that live throughout Vital in every part. Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound Receive. and colour. that to be less than Gods Disdained. all ear. and. And at his chariot-wheels to drag him bound Threatened. but anon Down cloven to the waist. Mean while in other parts like deeds deserved Memorial. Yet soon he healed. Vanquished Adramelech. They limb themselves. and Asmadai. Two potent Thrones. all eye. so far beneath His confidence to equal God in power. heart of head. furious king. Though huge. Cannot but by annihilating die. nor from the Holy One of Heaven Refrained his tongue blasphemous. Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy The atheist 173 . his vaunting foe. condense or rare. but meaner thoughts learned in their flight. no more than can the fluid air: All heart they live. And with fierce ensigns pierced the deep array Of Moloch. where the might of Gabriel fought. as they please. and in a rock of diamond armed. and Raphael. as?kikes them best. Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail.Humbled by such rebuke. On each wing Uriel. all head. not as frail man In entrails. or size Assume. all sense. who him defied. with shattered arms And uncouth pain fled bellowing. but with redoubled blow Free eBooks at Planet eBook. shape.

With many an inroad gored. but those elect Angels. and through infamy seeks fame: Therefore eternal silence be their doom. Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell. And now.Ariel. Seek not the praise of men: The other sort. and from just. recoiled O’er-wearied. or pain. In might though wonderous and in acts of war. Illaudable. and their names Eternize here on earth. and the violence Of Ramiel scorched and blasted. For strength from truth divided. through the faint Satanick host Defensive scarce. overthrew. and foul disorder. And fiery-foaming steeds. till that hour Not liable to fear. contented with their fame in Heaven. or flight. Far otherwise the inviolable Saints. their mightiest quelled. nought merits but dispraise And ignominy. In cubick phalanx firm. 174 Paradise Lost . or with pale fear surprised. the battle swerved. Fled ignominious. deformed rout Entered. what stood. yet to glory aspires Vain-glorious. advanced entire. to such evil brought By sin of disobedience. and sense of pain. and Arioch. all the ground With shivered armour strown. and on a heap Chariot and charioteer lay overturned. Then first with fear surprised. I might relate of thousands. Nor of renown less eager. yet by doom Cancelled from Heaven and sacred memory.

Too mean pretence! but what we more affect. why not eternal days?) What Heaven’s Lord had powerfullest to send Against us from about his throne. glory. Now Night her course began. and. Who have sustained one day in doubtful fight. O now in danger tried. (And if one day. His potentates to council called by night. unobnoxious to be pained By wound. Such high advantages their innocence Gave them above their foes. grateful truce imposed. And in the midst thus undismayed began. in fight they stood Unwearied. void of rest. not to have sinned. Not to have disobeyed. though from their place by violence moved. and judged Sufficient to subdue us to his will. dominion. 175 . and renown. And silence on the odious din of war: Under her cloudy covert both retired. and. placed in guard their watches round. Far in the dark dislodged. Found worthy not of liberty alone. it seems.Invulnerable. But proves not so: Then fallible. impenetrably armed. over Heaven Inducing darkness. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Satan with his rebellious disappeared. Cherubick waving fires: On the other part. Victor and vanquished: On the foughten field Michael and his Angels prevalent Encamping. Companions dear. now known in arms Not to be overpowered.

but. perhaps more valid arms. Due search and consultation will disclose. and worse our foes. Soon closing. Sore toiled. True is. He sat. Against unpained. And cloudy in aspect thus answering spake. and by native vigour healed. quelled with pain 176 Paradise Lost . Since now we find this our empyreal form Incapable of mortal injury. Against unequal arms to fight in pain. May serve to better us. and too unequal work we find. though pierced with wound. for what avails Valour or strength. and in the assembly next upstood Nisroch. yet hard For Gods. Imperishable.Of future we may deem him. Deliverer from new Lords. as soon contemned. though till now Omniscient thought. and understanding sound. of Principalities the prime. impassive. Or equal what between us made the odds. while we can preserve Unhurt our minds. leader to free Enjoyment of our right as Gods. As one he stood escaped from cruel fight. Of evil then so small as easy think The remedy. though matchless. and. known. from which evil Ruin must needs ensue. Some disadvantage we endured and pain. In nature none: If other hidden cause Left them superiour. Till now not known. less firmly armed. Weapons more violent. when next we meet. his riven arms to havock hewn.

gems. opening to the ambient light? These in their dark nativity the deep Shall yield us. Whereto with look composed Satan replied. which thou aright Believest so main to our success. He. Of spiritous and fiery spume. at the other bore with touch of fire Dilated and infuriate. excessive. and makes remiss the hands Of mightiest? Sense of pleasure we may well Spare out of life perhaps. flower ambrosial. Thick rammed. shall send forth Free eBooks at Planet eBook. fruit. pregnant with infernal flame. which is the calmest life: But pain is perfect misery. as not to mind from whence they grow Deep under ground. the worst Of evils. or arm Ourselves with like defence. into hollow engines. and not repine.Which all subdues. I bring. long and round. But live content. 177 . to me deserves No less than for deliverance what we owe. they shoot forth So beauteous. and tempered. Not uninvented that. overturns All patience. Whose eye so superficially surveys These things. Which. till touched With Heaven’s ray. adorned With plant. materials dark and crude. This continent of spacious Heaven. who therefore can invent With what more forcible we may offend Our yet unwounded enemies. and gold. Which of us who beholds the bright surface Of this ethereous mould whereon we stand.

on war and mutual slaughter bent. haply. or inspired With devilish machination. how he To be the inventer missed. with subtle art. sulphurous and nitrous foam They found. and. that they shall fear we have disarmed The Thunderer of his only dreaded bolt. and his words their drooping cheer Enlightened. among our foes Such implements of mischief. of thy race In future days. yet ere dawn. He ended. Effect shall end our wish. to strength and counsel joined Think nothing hard. with thundering noise. and their languished hope revived. as shall dash To pieces. and each. The invention all admired. None arguing stood. and into store conveyed: 178 Paradise Lost . Mean while revive. Concocted and adusted they reduced To blackest grain. Some one intent on mischief. in a moment up they turned Wide the celestial soil. which yet unfound most would have thought Impossible: Yet. so easy it seemed Once found. they mingled. much less to be despaired. might devise Like instrument to plague the sons of men For sin. Forthwith from council to the work they flew. and saw beneath The originals of nature in their crude Conception. innumerable hands Were ready. and o’erwhelm whatever stands Adverse. if malice should abound.From far. Abandon fear. Nor long shall be our labour.

or if for fight. fear not his flight. gripe fast his orbed shield. Warriours. the foe at hand. With silent circumspection. Soon banded. part incentive reed Provide. and each Fit well his helm. Came flying. Whom fled we thought. Up rose the victor-Angels. under conscious night. and settled in his face I see Sad resolution. or whither fled. and in order set.Part hidden veins digged up (nor hath this earth Entrails unlike) of mineral and stone. Whereof to found their engines and their balls Of missive ruin. and secure: Let each His adamantine coat gird well. and in mid air aloud thus cried. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. arm for fight. back with speediest sail Zophiel. will save us long pursuit This day. pernicious with one touch to fire. So all ere day-spring. Where lodged. unespied. Each quarter to descry the distant foe. for this day will pour down. and to arms The matin trumpet sung: In arms they stood Of golden panoply. Secret they finished. Now when fair morn orient in Heaven thick a cloud He comes. Arm. refulgent host. In motion or in halt: Him soon they met Under spread ensigns moving nigh. Borne even or high. others from the dawning hills Look round. of Cherubim the swiftest wing. in slow But firm 179 . and scouts each coast light-armed scour.

To hide the fraud. new and strange.If I conjecture aught. At interview both stood A while. That all may see who hate us. 180 Paradise Lost . how we seek Peace and composure. but suddenly at head appeared Satan. however witness. and to either flank retired: Which to our eyes discovered. witness thou anon! while we discharge Freely our part: ye. A triple mounted row of pillars laid On wheels (for like to pillars most they seemed. to right and left the front unfold. Heaven! Heaven. in hollow cube Training his devilish enginery. if they like Our overture. But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire. Instant without disturb they took alarm. and with open breast Stand ready to receive them. and thus was heard commanding loud. who appointed stand Do as you have in charge. and loud that all may hear! So scoffing in ambiguous words. And onward moved embattled: When behold! Not distant far with heavy pace the foe Approaching gross and huge. quit of all impediment. when to right and left the front Divided. Vanguard. So warned he them. no drizzling shower. and soon In order. he scarce Had ended. impaled On every side with shadowing squadrons deep. and turn not back perverse: But that I doubt. aware themselves. and briefly touch What we propound.

repulse Repeated. stony mould. Immediate in a flame. on the victor host Levelled. And all her entrails tore. With branches lopt. but down they fell By thousands. disgorging foul Their devilish glut. for sudden all at once their reeds Put forth. and to a narrow vent applied With nicest touch. whose roar Embowelled with outrageous noise the air. and in his hand a reed Stood waving tipt with fire. and forced rout. Though standing else as rocks. all Heaven appeared. would render them yet more despised. with such impetuous fury smote. none on their feet might stand. From those deep-throated engines belched. as Spirits. The sooner for their arms. unarmed. had not their mouths With hideous orifice gaped on us wide. Nor served it to relax their serried files.Or hollowed bodies made of oak or fir. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and indecent overthrow Doubled. they might Have easily. in wood or mountain 181 . evaded swift By quick contraction or remove. iron. whom they hit. but now Foul dissipation followed. That. But soon obscured with smoke. What should they do? if on they rushed. which. suspense. chained thunderbolts and hail Of iron globes. Collected stood within our thoughts amused. Portending hollow truce: At each behind A Seraph stood.) Brass. Not long. Angel on Arch-Angel rolled. while we.

and into strange vagaries fell. Of hard contents. Not understood. As they would dance. this gift they have besides. straight they changed their minds. Such as we might perceive amused them all. Leader! the terms we sent were terms of weight. and full of force urged home. They show us when our foes walk not upright. yet for a dance they seemed Somewhat extravagant and wild. Satan beheld their plight. (what could we more?) propounded terms Of composition. And to his mates thus in derision called. hightened in their thoughts beyond All doubt of victory: Eternal Might To match with their inventions they presumed 182 Paradise Lost . O Friends! why come not on these victors proud Ere while they fierce were coming. If our proposals once again were heard. In posture to displode their second tire Of thunder: Back defeated to return They worse abhorred. in like gamesome mood. Had need from head to foot well understand.And to their foes a laughter. To whom thus Belial. perhaps For joy of offered peace: But I suppose. We should compel them to a quick result. for in view Stood ranked of Seraphim another row. Flew off. To entertain them fair with open front And breast. And stumbled many: Who receives them right. So they among themselves in pleasant vein Stood scoffing. and when we.

woods. and terrour. ere they could wind Out of such prison. which in the air Came shadowing. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. crushed in and bruised Into their substance pent. Their armour helped their harm. Long struggling 183 . with all their load. while they stood A while in trouble: But they stood not long. And all his host derided. and on their heads Main promontories flung. They plucked the seated hills. Forthwith (behold the excellence. Rage prompted them at length. and to the hills (For Earth hath this variety from Heaven Of pleasure situate in hill and dale. and found them arms Against such hellish mischief fit to oppose. and all their confidence Under the weight of mountains buried deep. and of his thunder made a scorn. Themselves invaded next. Which God hath in his mighty Angels placed!) Their arms away they threw.So easy. Rocks. Be sure. From their foundations loosening to and fro. and many a dolorous groan. and by the shaggy tops Up-lifting bore them in their hands: Amaze.) Light as the lightning glimpse they ran. which wrought them pain Implacable. waters. Till on those cursed engines’ triple-row They saw them whelmed. and oppressed whole legions armed. the power. they flew. seized the rebel host. When coming towards them so dread they saw The bottom of the mountains upward turned. though Spirits of purest light.

advised: That his great purpose he might so fulfil. Two days.Purest at first. and permitted all. To honour his anointed Son avenged Upon his enemies. Had not the Almighty Father. 184 Paradise Lost . when two such foes met armed. where he sits Shrined in his sanctuary of Heaven secure. now gross by sinning grown. and to declare All power on him transferred: Whence to his Son. horrid confusion heaped Upon confusion rose: And now all Heaven Had gone to wrack. As likeliest was. Second Omnipotence! two days are past. Consulting on the sum of things. and thou knowest. with ruin overspread. what by Deity I am. That under ground they fought in dismal shade. Effulgence of my glory. The Assessour of his throne. The rest. Son beloved. to like arms Betook them. Hurled to and fro with jaculation dire. Since Michael and his Powers went forth to tame These disobedient: Sore hath been their fight. And in whose hand what by decree I do. Son. as we compute the days of Heaven. he thus began. in whose face invisible is beheld Visibly. For to themselves I left them. and the neighbouring hills uptore: So hills amid the air encountered hills. foreseen This tumult. Infernal noise! war seemed a civil game To this uproar. in imitation.

Equal in their creation they were formed, Save what sin hath impaired; which yet hath wrought Insensibly, for I suspend their doom; Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last Endless, and no solution will be found: War wearied hath performed what war can do, And to disordered rage let loose the reins With mountains, as with weapons, armed; which makes Wild work in Heaven, and dangerous to the main. Two days are therefore past, the third is thine; For thee I have ordained it; and thus far Have suffered, that the glory may be thine Of ending this great war, since none but Thou Can end it. Into thee such virtue and grace Immense I have transfused, that all may know In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare; And, this perverse commotion governed thus, To manifest thee worthiest to be Heir Of all things; to be Heir, and to be King By sacred unction, thy deserved right. Go then, Thou Mightiest, in thy Father’s might; Ascend my chariot, guide the rapid wheels That shake Heaven’s basis, bring forth all my war, My bow and thunder, my almighty arms Gird on, and sword upon thy puissant thigh; Pursue these sons of darkness, drive them out From all Heaven’s bounds into the utter deep: There let them learn, as likes them, to despise God, and Messiah his anointed King.
Free eBooks at Planet 185

He said, and on his Son with rays direct Shone full; he all his Father full expressed Ineffably into his face received; And thus the Filial Godhead answering spake. O Father, O Supreme of heavenly Thrones, First, Highest, Holiest, Best; thou always seek’st To glorify thy Son, I always thee, As is most just: This I my glory account, My exaltation, and my whole delight, That thou, in me well pleased, declarest thy will Fulfilled, which to fulfil is all my bliss. Scepter and power, thy giving, I assume, And gladlier shall resign, when in the end Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee For ever; and in me all whom thou lovest: But whom thou hatest, I hate, and can put on Thy terrours, as I put thy mildness on, Image of thee in all things; and shall soon, Armed with thy might, rid Heaven of these rebelled; To their prepared ill mansion driven down, To chains of darkness, and the undying worm; That from thy just obedience could revolt, Whom to obey is happiness entire. Then shall thy Saints unmixed, and from the impure Far separate, circling thy holy mount, Unfeigned Halleluiahs to thee sing, Hymns of high praise, and I among them Chief. So said, he, o’er his scepter bowing, rose From the right hand of Glory where he sat;
186 Paradise Lost

And the third sacred morn began to shine, Dawning through Heaven. Forth rushed with whirlwind sound The chariot of Paternal Deity, Flashing thick flames, wheel within wheel undrawn, Itself instinct with Spirit, but convoyed By four Cherubick shapes; four faces each Had wonderous; as with stars, their bodies all And wings were set with eyes; with eyes the wheels Of beryl, and careering fires between; Over their heads a crystal firmament, Whereon a sapphire throne, inlaid with pure Amber, and colours of the showery arch. He, in celestial panoply all armed Of radiant Urim, work divinely wrought, Ascended; at his right hand Victory Sat eagle-winged; beside him hung his bow And quiver with three-bolted thunder stored; And from about him fierce effusion rolled Of smoke, and bickering flame, and sparkles dire: Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints, He onward came; far off his coming shone; And twenty thousand (I their number heard) Chariots of God, half on each hand, were seen; He on the wings of Cherub rode sublime On the crystalline sky, in sapphire throned, Illustrious far and wide; but by his own First seen: Them unexpected joy surprised, When the great ensign of Messiah blazed
Free eBooks at Planet 187

Aloft by Angels borne, his sign in Heaven; Under whose conduct Michael soon reduced His army, circumfused on either wing, Under their Head imbodied all in one. Before him Power Divine his way prepared; At his command the uprooted hills retired Each to his place; they heard his voice, and went Obsequious; Heaven his wonted face renewed, And with fresh flowerets hill and valley smiled. This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdured, And to rebellious fight rallied their Powers, Insensate, hope conceiving from despair. In heavenly Spirits could such perverseness dwell? But to convince the proud what signs avail, Or wonders move the obdurate to relent? They, hardened more by what might most reclaim, Grieving to see his glory, at the sight Took envy; and, aspiring to his highth, Stood re-embattled fierce, by force or fraud Weening to prosper, and at length prevail Against God and Messiah, or to fall In universal ruin last; and now To final battle drew, disdaining flight, Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God To all his host on either hand thus spake. Stand still in bright array, ye Saints; here stand, Ye Angels armed; this day from battle rest: Faithful hath been your warfare, and of God Accepted, fearless in his righteous cause;
188 Paradise Lost

And as ye have received, so have ye done, Invincibly: But of this cursed crew The punishment to other hand belongs; Vengeance is his, or whose he sole appoints: Number to this day’s work is not ordained, Nor multitude; stand only, and behold God’s indignation on these godless poured By me; not you, but me, they have despised, Yet envied; against me is all their rage, Because the Father, to whom in Heaven s’preme Kingdom, and power, and glory appertains, Hath honoured me, according to his will. Therefore to me their doom he hath assigned; That they may have their wish, to try with me In battle which the stronger proves; they all, Or I alone against them; since by strength They measure all, of other excellence Not emulous, nor care who them excels; Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe. So spake the Son, and into terrour changed His countenance too severe to be beheld, And full of wrath bent on his enemies. At once the Four spread out their starry wings With dreadful shade contiguous, and the orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled, as with the sound Of torrent floods, or of a numerous host. He on his impious foes right onward drove, Gloomy as night; under his burning wheels The stedfast empyrean shook throughout,
Free eBooks at Planet 189

All but the throne itself of God. Full soon Among them he arrived; in his right hand Grasping ten thousand thunders, which he sent Before him, such as in their souls infixed Plagues: They, astonished, all resistance lost, All courage; down their idle weapons dropt: O’er shields, and helms, and helmed heads he rode Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim prostrate, That wished the mountains now might be again Thrown on them, as a shelter from his ire. Nor less on either side tempestuous fell His arrows, from the fourfold-visaged Four Distinct with eyes, and from the living wheels Distinct alike with multitude of eyes; One Spirit in them ruled; and every eye Glared lightning, and shot forth pernicious fire Among the accursed, that withered all their strength, And of their wonted vigour left them drained, Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fallen. Yet half his strength he put not forth, but checked His thunder in mid volley; for he meant Not to destroy, but root them out of Heaven: The overthrown he raised, and as a herd Of goats or timorous flock together thronged Drove them before him thunder-struck, pursued With terrours, and with furies, to the bounds And crystal wall of Heaven; which, opening wide, Rolled inward, and a spacious gap disclosed Into the wasteful deep: The monstrous sight
190 Paradise Lost

Struck them with horrour backward, but far worse Urged them behind: Headlong themselves they threw Down from the verge of Heaven; eternal wrath Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. Hell heard the unsufferable noise, Hell saw Heaven ruining from Heaven, and would have fled Affrighted; but strict Fate had cast too deep Her dark foundations, and too fast had bound. Nine days they fell: Confounded Chaos roared, And felt tenfold confusion in their fall Through his wild anarchy, so huge a rout Incumbered him with ruin: Hell at last Yawning received them whole, and on them closed; Hell, their fit habitation, fraught with fire Unquenchable, the house of woe and pain. Disburdened Heaven rejoiced, and soon repaired Her mural breach, returning whence it rolled. Sole victor, from the expulsion of his foes, Messiah his triumphal chariot turned: To meet him all his Saints, who silent stood Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts, With jubilee advanced; and, as they went, Shaded with branching palm, each Order bright, Sung triumph, and him sung victorious King, Son, Heir, and Lord, to him dominion given, Worthiest to reign: He, celebrated, rode Triumphant through mid Heaven, into the courts And temple of his Mighty Father throned On high; who into glory him received,
Free eBooks at Planet 191

let it profit thee to have heard. firm they might have stood. to thee I have revealed What might have else to human race been hid. eternal misery. warn Thy weaker. measuring things in Heaven by things on Earth. Thus. The discord which befel. Yet fell. 192 Paradise Lost . Which would be all his solace and revenge. As a despite done against the Most High. remember. Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Who now is plotting how he may seduce Thee also from obedience. By terrible example. he who envies now thy state.Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss. But listen not to his temptations. who rebelled With Satan. that. and fear to transgress. with him Bereaved of happiness. and that thou mayest beware By what is past. thou mayest partake His punishment. At thy request. and war in Heaven Among the angelick Powers. and the deep fall Of those too high aspiring. the reward Of disobedience.

Half yet remains unsung. unchanged Free eBooks at Planet eBook. pleased With thy celestial song. Standing on earth. whose voice divine Following. heavenly-born. and drawn empyreal air. nor on the top Of old Olympus dwellest. and with her didst play In presence of the Almighty Father. on the Aleian field I fall. though from a lower clime.) Dismounted. Up led by thee Into the Heaven of Heavens I have presumed. Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse. but. Above the flight of Pegasean wing! The meaning. Before the hills appeared. I call: for thou Nor of the Muses nine. Erroneous there to wander. not the name. More safe I sing with mortal voice. by that name If rightly thou art called. or fountain flowed. Urania. Wisdom thy sister. but narrower bound Within the visible diurnal 193 .Book VII D escend from Heaven. above the Olympian hill I soar. not rapt above the pole. An earthly guest. and forlorn. Thy tempering: with like safety guided down Return me to my native element: Lest from this flying steed unreined. (as once Bellerophon.

The story heard attentive. by dire example. In darkness. Say. and evil tongues. or when morn Purples the east: still govern thou my song. though few. So easily obeyed amid the choice Of all tastes else to please their appetite. to their thought 194 Paradise Lost . the race Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard In Rhodope. lest the like befall In Paradise to Adam or his race. till the savage clamour drowned Both harp and voice. So fail not thou. and with dangers compassed round. to hear Of things so high and strange. while thou Visitest my slumbers nightly. who thee implores: For thou art heavenly. And solitude. But drive far off the barbarous dissonance Of Bacchus and his revellers. and slight that sole command.To hoarse or mute. by what befel in Heaven To those apostates. to beware Apostasy. what ensued when Raphael. He. she an empty dream. things. and was filled With admiration and deep muse. yet not alone. The affable Arch-Angel. though fallen on evil days. Though wandering. nor could the Muse defend Her son. with his consorted Eve. where woods and rocks had ears To rapture. Charged not to touch the interdicted tree. Urania. had forewarned Adam. Goddess. On evil days though fallen. and fit audience find. If they transgress.

to forewarn Us timely of what might else have been our loss. with desire to know What nearer might concern him. and his admonishment Receive. soon Driven back. to impart Things above earthly thought. thou hast revealed. for what cause. Divine interpreter! by favour sent Down from the empyrean. For which to the infinitely Good we owe Immortal thanks.So unimaginable. Whose liquid murmur heard new thirst excites. Whence Adam soon repealed The doubts that in his heart arose: and now Led on. yet sinless. Great things. With such confusion: but the evil. was done Before his memory. for our instruction. Proceeded thus to ask his heavenly guest. as one whose drouth Yet scarce allayed still eyes the current stream. how this world Of Heaven and Earth conspicuous first began. Far differing from this world. But since thou hast vouchsafed 195 . and whereof created. What within Eden. with solemn purpose to observe Immutably his sovran will. and full of wonder in our ears. as hate in Heaven. Unknown. which yet concerned Free eBooks at Planet eBook. redounded as a flood on those From whom it sprung. And war so near the peace of God in bliss. impossible to mix With blessedness. which human knowledge could not reach. or without. the end Of what we are. When.

And longer will delay to hear thee tell His generation. How first began this Heaven which we behold Distant so high. as to highest wisdom seemed. with moving fires adorned Innumerable. This also thy request. in his holy rest Through all eternity. listening to thee. with caution asked. Silence. Held by thy voice. Night with her will bring. so late to build In Chaos. if unforbid thou mayest unfold What we. and the rising birth Of Nature from the unapparent Deep: Or if the star of evening and the moon Haste to thy audience. and dismiss thee ere the morning shine.Our knowing. but the more To magnify his works. Or we can bid his absence. and relate What may no less perhaps avail us known. what cause Moved the Creator. till thy song End. he hears. and Sleep. and the work begun. how soon Absolved. And the great light of day yet wants to run Much of his race though steep. thy potent voice. suspense in Heaven. not to explore the secrets ask Of his eternal empire. and this which yields or fills All space. 196 Paradise Lost . the ambient air wide interfused Embracing round this floried Earth. Thus Adam his illustrious guest besought: And thus the Godlike Angel answered mild. Deign to descend now lower. the more we know. will watch.

who thought All like himself rebellious. abstain To ask. the Omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude. and to his Son thus spake. that. though to recount almighty works What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice.) Fell with his flaming legions through the deep Into his place. To none communicable in Earth or Heaven: Enough is left besides to search and know. hath suppressed in night. after Lucifer from Heaven (So call him. shall not be withheld Thy hearing. which best may serve To glorify the Maker. and needs no less Her temperance over appetite. Oppresses else with surfeit. to answer thy desire Of knowledge within bounds. and the great Son returned Victorious with his Saints. brighter once amidst the host Of Angels. than that star the stars among. nor let thine own inventions hope Things not revealed. as nourishment to wind. Only 197 . such commission from above I have received. Or heart of man suffice to comprehend? Yet what thou canst attain. At least our envious Foe hath failed. beyond. by whose aid Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to know In measure what the mind may well contain. But knowledge is as food.Obtain. which the invisible King. and soon turns Wisdom to folly. Know then. and infer Thee also happier.

And Earth be changed to Heaven. Mean while inhabit lax. lest his heart exalt him in the harm Already done. speak thou. the seat Of Deity supreme. and Heaven to Earth. Their station. if such it be to lose Self-lost. and be it done! My overshadowing Spirit and Might with thee I send along. and this high temple to frequent With ministeries due. whom their place knows here no more: Yet far the greater part have kept. and solemn rites: But. I can repair That detriment. under long obedience tried. 198 Paradise Lost . They open to themselves at length the way Up hither.This inaccessible high strength. because I Am who fill Infinitude. joy and union without end. us dispossessed. begotten Son. and into fraud Drew many. I see. One kingdom. And thou my Word. there to dwell. and bid the Deep Within appointed bounds be Heaven and Earth. to have dispeopled Heaven. Not here. He trusted to have seised. ye Powers of Heaven. by degrees of merit raised. Heaven. yet populous. and in a moment will create Another world. by thee This I perform. Boundless the Deep. ride forth. out of one man a race Of men innumerable. till. nor vacuous the space. retains Number sufficient to possess her realms Though wide. My damage fondly deemed.

to Him Glory and praise. good will To future men. So sang the Hierarchies: Mean while the Son On his great expedition now appeared. a better race to bring Into their vacant room.Though I. About his chariot numberless were poured Cherub. Potentates. instead Of Spirits malign. Glory to Him. uncircumscribed myself. Girt with Omnipotence. and thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. more swift Than time or motion. When such was heard declared the Almighty’s will. but to human ears Cannot without process of speech be told. Glory they sung to the Most High. with radiance crowned Of Majesty 199 . sapience and love Immense. Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heaven. and to what he spake His Word. retire. and in their dwellings peace. So told as earthly notion can receive. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Necessity and Chance Approach not me. gave effect. whose just avenging ire Had driven out the ungodly from his sight And the habitations of the just. Immediate are the acts of God. and what I will is Fate. which is free To act or not. whose wisdom had ordained Good out of evil to create. and Seraph. the Filial Godhead. and Thrones. And put not forth my goodness. and all his Father in him shone. So spake the Almighty.

to behold Creation. and all created things: 200 Paradise Lost . for within them Spirit lived. on the wings of Cherubim Uplifted. winged Spirits. and chariots winged From the armoury of God. On heavenly ground they stood. and with the center mix the pole. in paternal glory rode Far into Chaos. Attendant on their Lord: Heaven opened wide Her ever-during gates. to assault Heaven’s highth. and the world unborn.And Virtues. and in his hand He took the golden compasses. Then staid the fervid wheels. prepared In God’s eternal store. and from the shore They viewed the vast immeasurable abyss Outrageous as a sea. in his powerful Word And Spirit. and the wonders of his might. harmonious sound On golden hinges moving. and now came forth Spontaneous. wasteful. as mountains. wild. where stand of old Myriads. your discord end! Nor staid. Up from the bottom turned by furious winds And surging waves. Silence. ye troubled Waves. peace. harnessed at hand. between two brazen mountains lodged Against a solemn day. For Chaos heard his voice: Him all his train Followed in bright procession. coming to create new worlds. Celestial equipage. to circumscribe This universe. and thou Deep. to let forth The King of Glory. dark. but. Said then the Omnifick Word.

Sprung from the deep. This be thy just circumference. then conglobed Like things to like. nor unsung By the celestial quires. And light from darkness by the hemisphere Divided: light the Day. and the other turned Round through the vast profundity obscure. said God. quintessence pure. for yet the sun Was not. Thus far extend. and vital warmth Throughout the fluid mass. And Earth self-balanced on her center hung. the rest to several place Disparted. with joy and shout Free eBooks at Planet eBook. He named. first of things. and from her native east To journey through the aery gloom began. Matter unformed and void: Darkness profound Covered the abyss: but on the watery calm His brooding wings the Spirit of God outspread. but downward purged The black tartareous cold infernal dregs. Adverse to life: then founded. Birth-day of Heaven and Earth. and darkness Night. and between spun out the air. she in a cloudy tabernacle Sojourned the while. when orient light Exhaling first from darkness they beheld. Sphered in a radiant 201 . And vital virtue infused. and forthwith Light Ethereal. Let there be light. thus far thy bounds. And said. O World! Thus God the Heaven created. thus the Earth.One foot he centered. Thus was the first day even and morn: Nor past uncelebrated. God saw the light was good.

so he the world Built on circumfluous waters calm. Be gathered now ye waters under Heaven Into one place. and when first morn. and let dry land appear. with warm Prolifick humour softening all her globe. And touched their golden harps. Satiate with genial moisture. but. diffused In circuit to the uttermost convex Of this great round. Appeared not: over all the face of Earth Main ocean flowed. and God made The firmament. and hymning praised God and his works. The Earth was formed. and the loud misrule Of Chaos far removed. when God said. expanse of liquid. embryon immature involved. Again. Fermented the great mother to conceive. but in the womb as yet Of waters. The waters underneath from those above Dividing: for as earth. pure. and let it divide The waters from the waters.The hollow universal orb they filled. Both when first evening was. elemental air. Transparent. Let there be firmament Amid the waters. God said. partition firm and sure. Immediately the mountains huge appear 202 Paradise Lost . Creator him they sung. lest fierce extremes Contiguous might distemper the whole frame: And Heaven he named the Firmament: So even And morning chorus sung the second day. not idle. in wide Crystalline ocean.

unadorned. and the great receptacle Of congregated waters. and their broad bare backs upheave Into the clouds. Earth. when the bare Earth.Emergent. uprolled. where way they found. ere God had bid the ground be dry. till then Desart and bare. or circuit wide With serpent errour wandering. with torrent rapture. so the watery throng. Wave rolling after 203 . Free eBooks at Planet eBook. unsightly. Easy. For haste. And on the washy oose deep channels wore. If steep. so low Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep. nor withstood them rock or hill. He scarce had said. herb yielding seed. their tops ascend the sky: So high as heaved the tumid hills. found their way. Whose seed is in herself upon the Earth. where rivers now Stream. and perpetual draw their humid train. The dry land. or under ground. he called Seas: And saw that it was good. Let the Earth Put forth the verdant grass. and said. Soft-ebbing. And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind. As drops on dust conglobing from the dry: Part rise in crystal wall. such flight the great command impressed On the swift floods: As armies at the call Of trumpet (for of armies thou hast heard) Troop to their standard. But they. All but within those banks. or ridge direct. if through plain. Capacious bed of waters: Thither they Hasted with glad precipitance.

and made gay Her bosom.Brought forth the tender grass. Or wander with delight. and let them be for signs. Forth flourished thick the clustering vine. as I ordain 204 Paradise Lost . and each fountain side. Let there be lights High in the expanse of Heaven. and spread Their branches hung with copious fruit. And bush with frizzled hair implicit: Last Rose. And let them be for lights. a seat where Gods might dwell. forth crept The swelling gourd. Then herbs of every leaf. and the humble shrub. and watered all the ground. up stood the corny reed Embattled in her field. as in dance. the stately trees. and each Plant of the field. before it grew On the green stem: God saw that it was good: So even and morn recorded the third day. and circling years. or gemmed Their blossoms: With high woods the hills were crowned. which. With borders long the rivers: that Earth now Seemed like to Heaven. Again the Almighty spake. God made. these scarce blown. and for days. and love to haunt Her sacred shades: though God had yet not rained Upon the Earth. smelling sweet: and. but from the Earth a dewy mist Went up. For seasons. and every herb. ere it was in the Earth. that sudden flowered Opening their various colours. whose verdure clad Her universal face with pleasant green. to divide The day from night. and man to till the ground None was. With tufts the valleys.

First in his east the glorious lamp was seen. Hither. though from human sight So far remote. By tincture or reflection they augment Their small peculiar. unlightsome first. altern. as to their fountain. great for their use To Man. Surveying his great work. that it was good: For of celestial bodies first the sun A mighty sphere he framed. Transplanted from her cloudy shrine. jocund to run Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Regent of day. And God made two great lights. To give light on the Earth. and placed In the sun’s orb. and every magnitude of stars. and made the stars. in their golden urns draw light. thick as a field: Of light by far the greater part he took. And set them in the firmament of Heaven To illuminate the Earth. And hence the morning-planet gilds her 205 . other stars Repairing. God saw. and all the horizon round Invested with bright rays. Though of ethereal mould: then formed the moon Globose.Their office in the firmament of Heaven. great palace now of light. made porous to receive And drink the liquid light. The less by night. And light from darkness to divide. and it was so. and rule the day In their vicissitude. the greater to have rule by day. with diminution seen. and rule the night. And sowed with stars the Heaven. firm to retain Her gathered beams.

the gray Dawn. Be fruitful. His mirrour. But opposite in levelled west was set. and shoals Of fish that with their fins. living soul: And let fowl fly above the Earth. the waters fill. and in the seas. that then appeared Spangling the hemisphere: Then first adorned With their bright luminaries that set and rose. with wings Displayed on the open firmament of Heaven. and shining scales. and blessed them. With fry innumerable swarm. And God created the great whales. Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth day. And God said. for other light she needed none In that aspect. And every bird of wing after his kind. Forthwith the sounds and seas. Let the waters generate Reptile with spawn abundant.His longitude through Heaven’s high road. and the Pleiades. before him danced. which plenteously The waters generated by their kinds. saying. each that crept. and running streams. and still that distance keeps Till night. and each Soul living. And saw that it was good. 206 Paradise Lost . With thousand thousand stars. Shedding sweet influence: Less bright the moon. multiply. each creek and bay. Revolved on Heaven’s great axle. And let the fowl be multiplied. and her reign With thousand lesser lights dividual holds. on the Earth. And lakes. with full face borrowing her light From him. then in the east her turn she shines.

With clang despised the ground. and at his gills Draws in. or under rocks their food In jointed armour watch: on smooth the seal And bended dolphins play: part huge of bulk Wallowing unwieldy. sporting with quick glance. enormous in their gait. Mean while the tepid caves. Or. Show to the sun their waved coats dropt with gold. with mutual wing Easing their flight. and at his trunk spouts out. but feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens. ranged in figure. and set forth Their aery caravan. and. Hugest of living 207 . wedge their way. or. high over seas Flying. And seems a moving land. in sculls that oft Bank the mid sea: part single. or with mate. in their pearly shells at ease. Their brood as numerous hatch. part more wise In common. under a cloud In prospect. there the eagle and the stork On cliffs and cedar tops their eyries build: Part loosely wing the region. Tempest the ocean: there leviathan. a sea. soaring the air sublime. attend Moist nutriment. on the deep Stretched like a promontory sleeps or swims. from the egg that soon Bursting with kindly rupture forth disclosed Their callow young. and fens. and shores. so steers the prudent crane Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and through groves Of coral stray.Glide under the green wave. Intelligent of seasons. Graze the sea-weed their pasture. and over lands.

and creeping things. arose With evening harps and matin. they walked: 208 Paradise Lost . but all night tun’d her soft lays: Others. perfect forms. rows Her state with oary feet. Limbed and full grown: Out of the ground up rose. and beast of the Earth. and the other whose gay train Adorns him. the air Floats as they pass. rising on stiff pennons. As from his lair. in thicket. bathed Their downy breast. fanned with unnumbered plumes: From branch to branch the smaller birds with song Solaced the woods. and of creation last. The Earth obeyed. tower The mid aereal sky: Others on ground Walked firm. the swan with arched neck. the crested cock whose clarion sounds The silent hours. and spread their painted wings Till even. Evening and morn solemnized the fifth day. when God said. yet oft they quit The dank. Cattle. Each in their kind. The waters thus With fish replenished.Her annual voyage. brake. on silver lakes and rivers. the wild beast where he wons In forest wild. Among the trees in pairs they rose. Let the Earth bring forth soul living in her kind. and straight Opening her fertile womb teemed at a birth Innumerous living creatures. and. or den. Between her white wings mantling proudly. coloured with the florid hue Of rainbows and starry eyes. The sixth. borne on winds. and the air with fowl. nor then the solemn nightingale Ceased warbling.

Pattern of just equality perhaps Hereafter. Wonderous in length and corpulence. not all Minims of nature. as the mole Rising. involved Their snaky folds.The cattle in the fields and meadows green: Those rare and solitary. As plants: Ambiguous between sea and land The river-horse. now half appeared The tawny lion. Insect or worm: those waved their limber fans For wings. joined in her popular tribes Free eBooks at Planet eBook. these in flocks Pasturing at once. pawing to get free His hinder parts. and added wings. and scaly 209 . The libbard. and in broad herds upsprung. provident Of future. At once came forth whatever creeps the ground. First crept The parsimonious emmet. as a line. The grassy clods now calved. then springs as broke from bonds. some of serpent-kind. the ounce. their long dimension drew. and the tiger. and smallest lineaments exact In all the liveries decked of summer’s pride With spots of gold and purple. Streaking the ground with sinuous trace. And rampant shakes his brinded mane. the crumbled earth above them threw In hillocks: The swift stag from under ground Bore up his branching head: Scarce from his mould Behemoth biggest born of earth upheaved His vastness: Fleeced the flocks and bleating rose. azure and green: These. in small room large heart enclosed.

Now Heaven in all her glory shone. thither with heart. fish. to adore And worship God Supreme. and from thence Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven.Of commonalty: Swarming next appeared The female bee. and voice. subtlest beast of all the field. But grateful to acknowledge whence his good Descends. with brazen eyes And hairy mane terrifick. And thou their natures knowest. might erect His stature. though to thee Not noxious. and upright with front serene Govern the rest. but endued With sanctity of reason. that feeds her husband drone Deliciously. Needless to thee repeated. By fowl. and gavest them names. was flown. beast. who. but obedient at thy call. was walked. and rolled Her motions. air. Frequent. who made him chief Of all his works: therefore the Omnipotent Eternal Father (for where is not he 210 Paradise Lost . water. a creature. the end Of all yet done. self-knowing. nor unknown The serpent. and builds her waxen cells With honey stored: The rest are numberless. and of the sixth day yet remained: There wanted yet the master-work. and eyes Directed in devotion. not prone And brute as other creatures. was swum. as the great first Mover’s hand First wheeled their course: Earth in her rich attire Consummate lovely smiled. Of huge extent sometimes. earth.

And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. for no place Is yet distinct by name. and over all the Earth. thence. Variety without end. for race. This garden. And freely all their pleasant fruit for food Gave thee. and said. lest Sin Free eBooks at Planet eBook. in his own image he Created thee. Which. This said. Be fruitful. in the day thou eatest. and fill the Earth. Subdue it. in the image of God Express. multiply. beware. Let us make now Man in our image. Death is the penalty imposed. works knowledge of good and evil. and throughout dominion hold Over fish of the sea. He brought thee into this delicious grove. and let them rule Over the fish and fowl of sea and air. he formed thee. Male he created thee. O Man. thee. but of the tree. Adam. and fowl of the air. tasted. Man In our similitude. And govern well thy appetite. and in thy nostrils breathed The breath of life. Wherever thus created. and thou becamest a living soul. Dust of the ground. Beast of the field. Delectable both to behold and taste. all sorts are here that all the Earth yields. but thy consort Female. And every living thing that moves on the Earth. planted with the trees of God. as thou 211 . then blessed mankind. Thou mayest not. thou diest.Present?) thus to his Son audibly spake.

Thence to behold this new created world. Up to the Heaven of Heavens. and with frequent intercourse Thither will send his winged messengers On errands of supernal grace. how it showed In prospect from his throne. Open. That opened wide her blazing portals. Open. Open. his six days work. and her black attendant Death. how good. that tuned Angelick harmonies: The earth. for God will deign To visit oft the dwellings of just men. The planets in their station listening stood. and behold all was entirely good. The addition of his empire. So sung The glorious train ascending: He through Heaven. Answering his great idea. though unwearied.Surprise thee. led 212 Paradise Lost . how fair. and the sound Symphonious of ten thousand harps. for thou heardst. Here finished he. While the bright pomp ascended jubilant. a World.let in The great Creator from his work returned Magnificent. So even and morn accomplished the sixth day: Yet not till the Creator from his work Desisting.) The heavens and all the constellations rung. ye Heavens! your living doors. his high abode. Delighted. (thou rememberest. up returned. the air Resounded. and all that he had made Viewed. Up he rode Followed with acclamation. ye everlasting gates! they sung. and henceforth oft.

fixed for ever firm and sure. hid the 213 . And now on Earth the seventh Evening arose in Eden. for he also went Invisible. that milky way. and twilight from the east came on. Tempered soft tunings. blessed and hallowed the seventh day. as a circling zone. whose dust is gold And pavement stars. intermixed with voice Choral or unison: of incense clouds. The Filial Power arrived. for the sun Was set. or tongue Relate thee! Greater now in thy return Free eBooks at Planet eBook. the solemn pipe.To God’s eternal house direct the way. Jehovah! infinite Thy power! what thought can measure thee. and sat him down With his great Father. yet staid. And dulcimer. A broad and ample road. all organs of sweet stop. as stars to thee appear. the imperial throne Of Godhead. and. All sounds on fret by string or golden wire. thou seest Powdered with stars. Which nightly. when at the holy mount Of Heaven’s high-seated top. Forerunning night. Author and End of all things. As resting on that day from all his work. Creation and the six days acts they sung: Great are thy works. from work Now resting. But not in silence holy kept: the harp Had work and rested not. Seen in the galaxy. (such privilege Hath Omnipresence) and the work ordained. Fuming from golden censers.

in sea. Thrice happy Men. and from thence createst more good. And sons of Men. and the empyrean rung 214 Paradise Lost . with stars Numerous. another Heaven From Heaven-gate not far. or air. and persevere upright! So sung they. and in reward to rule Over his works. against his purpose serves To manifest the more thy might: his evil Thou usest. Of amplitude almost immense. or bound Thy empire! Easily the proud attempt Of Spirits apostate. Witness this new-made world. Mighty King. and from thee withdraw The number of thy worshippers. Earth. while impiously they thought Thee to diminish. And multiply a race of worshippers Holy and just: Thrice happy. whom God hath thus advanced! Created in his image. Who can impair thee.Than from the giant Angels: Thee that day Thy thunders magnified. the glassy sea. and their counsels vain. Who seeks To lessen thee. with her nether ocean circumfused. founded in view On the clear hyaline. but thou knowest Their seasons: among these the seat of Men. Thou hast repelled. Their pleasant dwelling-place. on earth. there to dwell And worship him. but to create Is greater than created to destroy. if they know Their happiness. and every star perhaps a world Of destined habitation.

not surpassing human measure. that posterity. And thy request think now fulfilled. Informed by thee. that asked How first this world and face of things began. And what before thy memory was done From the beginning.With halleluiahs: Thus was sabbath 215 . Free eBooks at Planet eBook. say. might know: If else thou seekest Aught.

and their swift return Diurnal. a grain. or what recompence Equal.Book VIII T he Angel ended. and vouchsafed This friendly condescension to relate Things. as new waked. with the firmament compared And all her numbered stars. but delight. divine Historian. still stood fixed to hear. as is due. this Earth. With glory attributed to the high Creator! Something yet of doubt remains. this punctual spot. Then. this world. (for such Their distance argues. have I to render thee. and in Adam’s ear So charming left his voice. When I behold this goodly frame. and compute Their magnitudes. and. that seem to roll Spaces incomprehensible. who thus largely hast allayed The thirst I had of knowledge. Of Heaven and Earth consisting. One day and night. What thanks sufficient. that he a while Thought him still speaking. a spot. Which only thy solution can resolve. else by me unsearchable. in all her vast survey 216 Paradise Lost . thus gratefully replied.) merely to officiate light Round this opacous Earth. An atom. now heard With wonder.

Served by more noble than herself. With lowliness majestick from her seat. To visit how they prospered. with superfluous hand So many nobler bodies to create. How Nature wise and frugal could commit Such disproportions. attains Her end without least motion. she sole auditress. such a sumless journey brought Of incorporeal speed. And. As tribute. bud and bloom. where she sat retired in sight. and of him to ask Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Rose. Speed. For aught appears. Her husband the relater she preferred Before the Angel. to describe whose swiftness number fails. and by his countenance seemed Entering on studious thoughts abstruse. as not with such discourse Delighted. So spake our sire. her warmth and light. And grace that won who saw to wish her stay. while the sedentary Earth. reasoning I oft admire. Her nursery. and receives. which Eve Perceiving.Useless besides. and went forth among her fruits and flowers. they at her coming sprung. touched by her fair tendance. That better might with far less compass move. or not capable her ear Of what was high: such pleasure she reserved. Adam relating. to this one use. and on their orbs impose Such restless revolution day by day 217 . Greater so manifold. gladlier grew. Yet went she not.

as Queen. to Adam’s doubt proposed. and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses: from his lip Not words alone pleased her. for on her. how build. And Raphael now. how gird the sphere 218 Paradise Lost . Imports not. To ask or search. A pomp of winning Graces waited still. in love and mutual honour joined? With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went. Benevolent and facile thus replied. if thou reckon right. contrive To save appearances. perhaps to move His laughter at their quaint opinions wide Hereafter. Wherein to read his wonderous works. or. for Heaven Is as the book of God before thee set. O! when meet now Such pairs. she knew. would intermix Grateful digressions. and not divulge His secrets to be scanned by them who ought Rather admire. if they list to try Conjecture. I blame thee not. the rest From Man or Angel the great Architect Did wisely to conceal. And from about her shot darts of desire Into all eyes. when they come to model Heaven And calculate the stars. how they will wield The mighty frame.Chose rather. whether Heaven move or Earth. hours. Not unattended. or months. and learn His seasons. he. to wish her still in sight. he his fabrick of the Heavens Hath left to their disputes. or years: This to attain. or days. unbuild.

so small. Who art to lead thy offspring. Lodged in a small partition. Whose virtue on itself works no effect. may of solid good contain More plenty than the sun that barren 219 . Yet not to Earth are those bright luminaries Officious. That Man may know he dwells not in his own. Who since the morning-hour set out from Heaven Free eBooks at Planet eBook. But in the fruitful Earth. Though numberless. who built So spacious. when she alone receives The benefit: Consider first. nor Heaven such journeys run. in comparison of Heaven. let it speak The Maker’s high magnificence. That to corporeal substances could add Speed almost spiritual: Me thou thinkest not slow. and his line stretched out so far. Earth’s habitant. And for the Heaven’s wide circuit. to his Omnipotence. The swiftness of those circles attribute. Cycle and epicycle. there first received. and the rest Ordained for uses to his Lord best known. Earth sitting still.With centrick and eccentrick scribbled o’er. orb in orb: Already by thy reasoning this I guess. Nor glistering. that great Or bright infers not excellence: the Earth Though. but to thee. unactive else. their vigour find. An edifice too large for him to fill. and supposest That bodies bright and greater should not serve The less not bright. His beams.

Insensibly three different motions move? Which else to several spheres thou must ascribe. and with her part averse From the sun’s beam meet night. Progressive. to show Invalid that which thee to doubt it moved. though so it seem To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth. then hid. If earth. Admitting motion in the Heavens. industrious of herself. What if that light. that earthly sight. retrograde. But this I urge. her other part Still luminous by his ray. God. Placed Heaven from Earth so far. By his attractive virtue and their own Incited. dance about him various rounds? Their wandering course now high. the wheel Of day and night. Invisible else above all stars. Or save the sun his labour. so stedfast though she seem. now low. Moved contrary with thwart obliquities. In six thou seest. Not that I so affirm. or standing still. to remove his ways from human sense.Where God resides. and that swift Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb supposed. and ere mid-day arrived In Eden. And no advantage gain. If it presume. fetch day Travelling east. and other stars. and what if seventh to these The planet earth. which needs not thy belief. 220 Paradise Lost . might err in things too high. What if the sun Be center to the world. distance inexpressible By numbers that have name.

predominant in Heaven. desart and desolate. yet scarce to contribute Each orb a glimpse of light. conveyed so far Down to this habitable. thou wilt descry. He from the east his flaming road begin. or earth rise on the sun. For such vast room in Nature unpossessed By living soul. Only to shine. Or she from west her silent course advance.Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air. With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps On her soft axle. Stored in each orb perhaps with some that live. while she paces even. and other suns perhaps. which returns Light back to them. But whether the sun. And bears thee soft with the smooth hair along. With their attendant moons. and clouds may rain. Enlightening her by day. as she by night This earth? reciprocal. Leave them to God above. Sollicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. if land be there. and fear! Of other 221 . and rain produce Fruits in her softened soil for some to eat Allotted there. To the terrestrial moon be as a star. him serve. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. is obvious to dispute. as him pleases best. Which two great sexes animate the world. But whether thus these things. or whether not. Fields and inhabitants: Her spots thou seest As clouds. Communicating male and female light. Rise on the earth.

or fond impertinence: And renders us. and notions vain. unless we ourselves Seek them with wandering thoughts. condition. Heaven is for thee too high To know what passes there. Is the prime wisdom: What is more. not to know at large of things remote From use. to know That which before us lies in daily life. nor with perplexing thoughts To interrupt the sweet of life. in what state. Dream not of other worlds. But apt the mind or fancy is to rove Unchecked. taught to live The easiest way. Angel serene! And. is fume. and of her roving is no end. what creatures there Live. or by experience taught. replied. but. Contented that thus far hath been revealed Not of Earth only. and still to seek. she learn. or degree. cleared of doubt. this Paradise And thy fair Eve. obscure and subtle. let him dispose. joy thou In what he gives to thee. How fully hast thou satisfied me. be lowly wise: Think only what concerns thee. from which God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares. but of highest Heaven. Therefore from this high pitch let us descend 222 Paradise Lost . Or emptiness. unprepared. pure Intelligence of Heaven. Till warned. Unpractised. and thy being. And not molest us.Wherever placed. in things that most concern. That. freed from intricacies. To whom thus Adam.

which perhaps thou hast not heard. each 223 . Nor tongue ineloquent. his image fair: Speaking. Thee I have heard relating what was done Ere my remembrance: now. with grace divine Imbued. they satiate. And sweeter thy discourse is to my ear Than fruits of palm-tree pleasantest to thirst And hunger both. while I sit with thee. By sufferance. at the hour Of sweet repast. Nor are thy lips ungraceful. Though pleasant. or mute. hear me relate My story. all comeliness and grace Attends thee. To whom thus Raphael answered heavenly meek. till then thou seest How subtly to detain thee I devise. and each word. and inquire Gladly into the ways of God with Man: For God. whence. and speak of things at hand Useful. from labour. but thy words. Sire of men. bring to their sweetness no satiety. forms. Nor less think we in Heaven of thee on Earth Than of our fellow-servant. Inviting thee to hear while I relate. I seem in Heaven.A lower flight. and thy wonted favour. and set Free eBooks at Planet eBook. we see. mention may arise Of something not unseasonable to ask. deigned. for God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also poured Inward and outward both. Fond! were it not in hope of thy reply: For. And day is not yet spent. haply. hath honoured thee. and soon fill.

other than the sound of dance or song.On Man his equal love: Say therefore on. Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. As new waked from soundest sleep. and loud lament. So spake the Godlike Power. Glad we returned up to the coasts of light Ere sabbath-evening: so we had in charge. Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure. and on the reeking moisture fed. Lest he. Destruction with creation might have mixed. and thus our Sire. For I that day was absent. incensed at such eruption bold. for who himself beginning knew Desire with thee still longer to converse Induced me. for I attend. But long ere our approaching heard within Noise. Far on excursion toward the gates of Hell. Pleased with thy words no less than thou with mine. The dismal gates. and furious rage. Squared in full legion (such command we had) To see that none thence issued forth a spy. Or enemy. as befel. But thy relation now. and to inure Our prompt obedience. Torment. as Sovran King. fast shut. which with his beams the sun Soon dried. In balmy sweat. while God was in his work. Fast we found. But us he sends upon his high behests For state. 224 Paradise Lost . Not that they durst without his leave attempt. and barricadoed strong. For Man to tell how human life began Is hard.

fair light. My tongue 225 . by these. and walked. Woods. how I came thus. and strayed I knew not whither. Thou Sun. and upright Stood on my feet: about me round I saw Hill. Birds on the branches warbling. tell. till. so fresh and gay.Straight toward Heaven my wondering eyes I turned. to speak I tried. and sometimes ran With supple joints. Knew not. when. how may I know him.— While thus I called. or flew. With fragrance and with joy my heart o’erflowed. ye Rivers. and forthwith spake. fair Creatures. up I sprung. And gazed a while the ample sky. dale.—by some great Maker then. how here?— Not of myself. all things smiled. and Dales. Tell. Creatures that lived and moved. and shady woods. or from what cause. and readily could name Whate’er I saw. and limb by limb Surveyed. And feel that I am happier than I know. if ye saw. said I. how adore. From where I first drew air. and sunny plains. and first beheld This happy light. As thitherward endeavouring. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and Plains. raised By quick instinctive motion. And thou enlightened Earth. In goodness and in power pre-eminent: Tell me. From whom I have that thus I move and live. Myself I then perused. as lively vigour led: But who I was. answer none returned. Ye Hills. or where. and sometimes went. And liquid lapse of murmuring streams. And ye that live and move.

but with awe. who was my guide Up hither. and bowers. untroubled. I come thy guide ‘To the garden of bliss. And lived: One came. And said. Presence Divine. Adam. Loaden with fairest fruit that hung to the eye Tempting.On a green shady bank. Each tree. whereat I waked. that what I saw Of Earth before scarce pleasant seemed. rise. though I thought I then was passing to my former state Insensible. profuse of flowers. ‘First Man. of men innumerable ordained ‘First Father! called by thee. had not he. stirred in me sudden appetite To pluck and eat. whose high top was plain. methought. as in air Smooth-sliding without step. Rejoicing. last led me up A woody mountain. as the dream Had lively shadowed: Here had new begun My wandering. 226 Paradise Lost . A circuit wide. with goodliest trees Planted. and forthwith to dissolve: When suddenly stood at my head a dream. enclosed. and with soft oppression seised My droused sense. And over fields and waters. of shape divine. Pensive I sat me down: There gentle sleep First found me. from among the trees appeared. with walks. Whose inward apparition gently moved My fancy to believe I yet had being. ‘Thy mansion wants thee.’ So saying. by the hand he took me raised. thy seat prepared. and found Before mine eyes all real.

‘Remember what I warn thee. my sole command ‘Transgressed. ‘Or live in sea. which resounds Yet dreadful in mine ear. beast. ‘Author of all this thou seest ‘Above.’ Said mildly. ‘Amid the garden by the tree of life. ‘From that day mortal. as lords ‘Possess it. each bird and beast behold ‘After their kinds. I bring them to receive Free eBooks at Planet eBook. fish. but all the Earth ‘To thee and to thy race I give. and this happy state ‘Shalt lose. though in my choice Not to incur. ‘The day thou eatest thereof. which I have set ‘The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith. inevitably thou shalt die. ‘In sign whereof.In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss: He reared me. fear here no dearth: ‘But of the tree whose operation brings ‘Knowledge of good and ill. or beneath. or air. but soon his clear aspect Returned. expelled from hence into a world ‘Of woe and sorrow. ‘This Paradise I give thee. ‘And shun the bitter consequence: for know. count it thine ‘To till and keep. ‘Not only these fair bounds.’ Sternly he pronounced The rigid interdiction. and ‘Whom thou soughtest I am. or round about thee. shun to taste. and fowl. and gracious purpose thus renewed. and all things that therein 227 . and of the fruit to eat: ‘Of every tree that in the garden grows ‘Eat freely with glad heart.

or aught than mankind higher. to draw the thinner air.‘From thee their names. understand the same ‘Of fish within their watery residence.’ As thus he spake. ‘Not hither summoned. and the air Replenished. by what name. each bird stooped on his wing. I named them. since they cannot change ‘Their element. Surpassest far my naming. for thou above all these. and pay thee fealty ‘With low subjection. In solitude What happiness. Author of this universe. O. As with a smile more brightened. And to the heavenly Vision thus presumed. as they passed. each bird and beast behold Approaching two and two. Above mankind. and understood Their nature. and all these at thy command To come and play before thee? Knowest thou not 228 Paradise Lost . and with hands so liberal. who can enjoy alone. what contentment find? Thus I presumptuous. And all this good to man? for whose well being So amply. these cowering low With blandishment. thus replied. all enjoying. Thou hast provided all things: But with me I see not who partakes. with such knowledge God endued My sudden apprehension: But in these I found not what methought I wanted still. and the Vision bright. Or. how may I Adore thee. What callest thou solitude? Is not the Earth With various living creatures.

Hast thou not made me here thy 229 . or fish with fowl So well converse. Thou to thyself proposest. And humble deprecation. and least of all. or true delight? Which must be mutual. Whereto the Almighty answered. Worse then can man with beast. Let not my words offend thee. Heavenly Power. lion with lioness. not displeased. And reason not contemptibly: With these Find pastime.Their language and their ways? They also know. So fitly them in pairs thou hast combined: Much less can bird with beast. Adam! and wilt taste Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And these inferiour far beneath me set? Among unequals what society Can sort. thus replied. My Maker. thy realm is large. and seemed So ordering: I. in disparity The one intense. fit to participate All rational delight: wherein the brute Cannot be human consort: They rejoice Each with their kind. in proportion due Given and received. So spake the Universal Lord. with leave of speech implored. what harmony. but. and bear rule. but soon prove Tedious alike: Of fellowship I speak Such as I seek. the other still remiss. be propitious while I speak. in the choice Of thy associates. nor with the ox the ape. A nice and subtle happiness. I see. Cannot well suit with either.

I lowly answered. What thinkest thou then of me. and in thee Is no deficience found: Not so is Man. or not? who am alone From all eternity. equal much less. and those To me inferiour. How have I then with whom to hold converse. seekest not Social communication. Thou in thy secresy although alone. though One: But Man by number is to manifest His single imperfection. which requires Collateral love. so pleased. But in degree. his image multiplied. In unity defective. Best with thyself accompanied. And through all numbers absolute. for none I know Second to me or like. and beget Like of his like. though in pleasure. and this my state? Seem I to thee sufficiently possessed Of happiness. already Infinite.No pleasure. the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help Or solace his defects. infinite descents Beneath what other creatures are to thee? He ceased. Canst raise thy creature to what highth thou wilt 230 Paradise Lost . Supreme of things! Thou in thyself art perfect. No need that thou Shouldst propagate. Save with the creatures which I made. yet. To attain The highth and depth of thy eternal ways All human thoughts come short. and dearest amity. solitary.

not of beasts alone. cannot these erect From prone. Thy likeness. by conversing. and sought repair Of sleep. Knew it not good for Man to be 231 . Which it had long stood under.Of union or communion. sunk down. which instantly fell on me. nor in their ways complacence find. be assured. Adam. My image. deified: I. thy other self. and freedom used Permissive. Which thou hast rightly named. And be so minded still: I. Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike. and acceptance found. Expressing well the spirit within thee free. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. To see how thou couldest judge of fit and meet: What next I bring shall please thee. Thus I emboldened spake. And find thee knowing. or I heard no more. Thus far to try thee. for trial only brought. thy fit help. As with an object that excels the sense Dazzled and spent. which gained This answer from the gracious Voice Divine. called By Nature as in aid. I was pleased. for now My earthly by his heavenly overpowered. not imparted to the brute. He ended. and closed mine eyes. strained to the highth In that celestial colloquy sublime. ere thou spakest. And no such company as then thou sawest Intended thee. Thy wish exactly to thy heart’s desire. but of thyself.

but open left the cell Of fancy. unfelt before. or in her summed up. where I lay. behold her. seemed now Mean. or for ever to deplore Her loss. Led by her heavenly Maker. Such as I saw her in my dream. in her contained And in her looks. not far off. though unseen. Under his forming hands a creature grew. so lovely fair. and left me dark. Man-like. Abstract as in a trance. and took From thence a rib.Mine eyes he closed. 232 Paradise Lost . and saw the shape Still glorious before whom awake I stood: Who stooping opened my left side. with cordial spirits warm. That what seemed fair in all the world. And life-blood streaming fresh. wide was the wound. my internal sight. She disappeared. And into all things from her air inspired The spirit of love and amorous delight. Heaven in her eye. Though sleeping. But suddenly with flesh filled up and healed: The rib he formed and fashioned with his hands. nor uninformed Of nuptial sanctity. And guided by his voice. adorned With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow To make her amiable: On she came. and other pleasures all abjure: When out of hope. but different sex. methought I saw. which from that time infused Sweetness into my heart. I waked To find her. and marriage rites: Grace was in all her steps. by which.

Joyous the birds. Creator bounteous and benign. flung odours from the spicy shrub. and virgin modesty. and from their wings Flung rose. and not unsought be won. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. flesh of my flesh. She heard me thus. And they shall be one flesh.In every gesture dignity and love. though pure of sinful thought. or. Nature herself. seeing me. And happy constellations. the Earth Gave sign of gratulation. and each hill. and though divinely brought. Her virtue. To the nuptial bower I led her blushing like the morn: All Heaven. Wrought in her so. one soul. fresh gales and gentle airs Whispered it to the 233 . And with obsequious majesty approved My pleaded reason. Yet innocence. one heart. I now see Bone of my bone. that. overjoyed. on that hour Shed their selectest influence.of Man Extracted: for this cause he shall forego Father and mother. That would be wooed. thou hast fulfilled Thy words. not obtrusive. to say all. and to his wife adhere. could not forbear aloud. myself Before me: Woman is her name. I. retired. The more desirable. This turn hath made amends. Not obvious. and the conscience of her worth. Giver of all things fair! but fairest this Of all thy gifts! nor enviest. she what was honour knew. but. she turned: I followed her.

from my side subducting. in outward show Elaborate. transported I behold. these delicacies I mean of taste. Walks. In outward also her resembling less His image who made both. and left some part Not proof enough such object to sustain. which most excel.Disporting. here passion first I felt. Thus have I told thee all my state. Transported touch. and bid haste the evening-star On his hill top. till the amorous bird of night Sung spousal. sight. Or Nature failed in me. used or not. and must confess to find In all things else delight indeed. works in the mind no change. at least on her bestowed Too much of ornament. and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss. Commotion strange! in all enjoyments else Superiour and unmoved. smell. took perhaps More than enough. herbs. Or. Which I enjoy. fruits. but such As. and the melody of birds: but here Far otherwise. to light the bridal lamp. For well I understand in the prime end Of Nature her the inferiour. in the mind And inward faculties. Nor vehement desire. here only weak Against the charm of Beauty’s powerful glance. of inward less exact. and less expressing The character of that dominion given O’er other creatures: Yet when I approach 234 Paradise Lost . and flowers.

what transports thee so. if thou Dismiss not her. An outside? fair. not after made Occasionally. The more she will acknowledge thee her head. thy honouring. Then value: Oft-times nothing profits more Than self-esteem.Her loveliness. she deserts thee not. To whom the Angel with contracted brow. Accuse not Nature. of that skill the more thou knowest. virtuousest. discreetest. and be not diffident Of Wisdom. best: All higher knowledge in her presence falls Degraded. no doubt. Not thy subjection: Weigh with her thyself. Seems wisest. By attributing overmuch to things Less excellent. and. and like Folly shows. For. as a guard angelick placed. so absolute she seems And in herself complete. and thy love. Authority and Reason on her wait. when most thou needest her nigh. Do thou but thine. As one intended first. and create an awe About her. grounded on just and right Well managed. Greatness of mind and Nobleness their seat Build in her loveliest. to consummate all. she hath done her part. and worthy well Thy cherishing. And to realities yield all her shows: Free eBooks at Planet eBook. as thou thyself perceivest. what admirest thou. Wisdom in discourse with her Loses discountenanced. that what she wills to do or say. so well to know Her 235 .

or in us both one soul. Wherein true love consists not: Love refines The thoughts. But if the sense of touch. rational. What higher in her society thou findest Attractive. is the scale By which to heavenly love thou mayest ascend. and heart enlarges. Those thousand decencies. seem such dear delight Beyond all other. as those graceful acts. which declare unfeigned Union of mind. which would not be To them made common and divulged. 236 Paradise Lost . whereby mankind Is propagated. So awful. think the same vouchsafed To cattle and each beast. nor aught In procreation common to all kinds. Not sunk in carnal pleasure. And with mysterious reverence I deem. hath his seat In reason. love still. (Though higher of the genial bed by far. In loving thou dost well. for which cause. who sees when thou art seen least wise. Neither her outside formed so fair.Made so adorn for thy delight the more. that with honour thou mayest love Thy mate. Adam replied. and is judicious. that daily flow From all her words and actions mixed with love And sweet compliance. half abashed. or passion in him move. To whom thus. in passion not.) So much delights me. Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. human. if aught Therein enjoyed were worthy to subdue The soul of man.

not therefore foiled. yet. or soul with soul. exclusive bars. with a smile that glowed Celestial rosy red. my signal to depart. if lawful what I ask: Love not the heavenly Spirits. Approve the best. Who meet with various objects. for Love. Yet these subject not. Let it suffice thee that thou knowest Us happy. Easier than air with air. and follow what I approve. from the sense Variously representing. Total they mix. (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy In eminence. first of all. But I can now no more.Harmony to behold in wedded pair More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. thou blamest me not. virtual or immediate touch? To whom the Angel. Be strong. As flesh to mix with flesh. nor restrained conveyance need. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoyest. union of pure with pure Desiring. and without love no happiness. I to thee disclose What inward thence I feel. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and love! But. Bear with me 237 . and how their love Express they? by looks only? or do they mix Irradiance. Love’s proper hue. thou sayest. To love. joint. Answered. or limb. is both the way and guide. live happy. Leads up to Heaven. still free. and obstacle find none Of membrane. if Spirits embrace. the parting sun Beyond the Earth’s green Cape and verdant Isles Hesperian sets.

whom to love is to obey. and of all thy sons. And all temptation to transgress repel. Since to part. and oft return! So parted they. whom Adam thus Followed with benediction. which else free will Would not admit: thine. 238 Paradise Lost . Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore! Gentle to me and affable hath been Thy condescension. take heed lest passion sway Thy judgement to do aught. So saying. ethereal Messenger.Him. beware! I in thy persevering shall rejoice. the Angel up to Heaven From the thick shade. And all the Blest: Stand fast. and Adam to his bower. no outward aid require. and shall be honoured ever With grateful memory: Thou to mankind Be good and friendly still. heavenly guest. The weal or woe in thee is stand or fall Free in thine own arbitrement it lies. Perfect within. and keep His great command. Go. he arose.

com 239 N . who deigns Her nightly visitation unimplor’d. Sin and her shadow Death. and with him partake Rural repast. and Misery Death’s harbinger: Sad talk!yet argument Not less but more heroick than the wrath Of stern Achilles on his foe pursued Thrice fugitive about Troy wall. as with his friend. revolt. And disobedience: on the part of Heaven Now alienated. And dictates to me slumbering. and judgement given. distance and distaste. That brought into this world a world of woe.Book IX o more of talk where God or Angel guest With Man. or Juno’s. Anger and just rebuke. familiar us’d. that so long Perplexed the Greek. foul distrust. or inspires Easy my unpremeditated verse: Free eBooks at Planet eBook. To sit indulgent. and breach Disloyal on the part of Man. permitting him the while Venial discourse unblam’d. Or Neptune’s ire. or rage Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous’d. and Cytherea’s son: If answerable style I can obtain Of my celestial patroness. I now must change Those notes to tragick.

or years. sufficient of itself to raise That name. caparisons and steeds. unless an age too late. gorgeous knights At joust and tournament. the better fortitude Of patience and heroick martyrdom Unsung. Not sedulous by nature to indite Wars. damp my intended wing Depress’d. then marshall’d feast Serv’d up in hall with sewers and seneshals. and now from end to end Night’s hemisphere had veil’d the horizon round: When satan. who late fled before the threats 240 Paradise Lost . higher argument Remains. imblazon’d shields. Or tilting furniture. short arbiter ‘twixt day and night. Impresses quaint. and after him the star Of Hesperus. who brings it nightly to my ear. The sun was sunk. Me. Not that which justly gives heroick name To person. Not hers. of these Nor skill’d nor studious. or cold Climate. The skill of artifice or office mean. hitherto the only argument Heroick deem’d chief mastery to dissect With long and tedious havock fabled knights In battles feign’d. or to poem. if all be mine. and beginning late. whose office is to bring Twilight upon the earth. or to describe races and games. Bases and tinsel trappings. and much they may.Since first this subject for heroick song Pleas’d me long choosing.

and. Now not. From Eden over Pontus and the pool Maeotis. West from Orontes to the ocean barred At Darien . thrice the equinoctial line He circled. Where Tigris. now improv’d In meditated fraud and malice. then sought Where to lie hid. The space of seven continued nights he rode With darkness. and with it rose Satan. four times crossed the car of night From pole to pole. and foreworned the Cherubim That kept their watch. regent of the sun. On the eighth returned. though sin. till part Rose up a fountain by the tree of life: In with the river sunk. thence full of anguish driven. Into a gulf shot under ground. first wrought the change. and land. descried His entrance. fearless returned From compassing the earth. by stealth Found unsuspected way. cautious of day. and in length. traversing each colure. There was a place. not time. up beyond the river 241 .Of Gabriel out of Eden. involved in rising mist. Since Uriel. and with inspection deep Free eBooks at Planet eBook. sea he had searched. on the coast averse From entrance or Cherubick watch. at the foot of Paradise. Downward as far antarctick. thence to the land where flows Ganges and Indus: Thus the orb he roamed With narrow search. maugre what might hap Of heavier on himself. bent On Man’s destruction.

Not in themselves. so thou. and nobler birth Of creatures animate with gradual life 242 Paradise Lost . and found The Serpent subtlest beast of all the field. which. beyond the sense of brute. as built With second thoughts. fittest imp of fraud. As from his wit and native subtlety Proceeding. yet extends to all. which of all Most opportune might serve his wiles. Centring. in the wily snake Whatever sleights. Light above light. In thee concentring all their precious beams Of sacred influence! As God in Heaven Is center. in other beasts observed. irresolute Of thoughts revolved. his final sentence chose Fit vessel. receivest from all those orbs: in thee. yet bear their bright officious lamps. Him after long debate. if not preferred For what God. More justly.Considered every creature. after better. Doubt might beget of diabolick power Active within. for thee alone. none would suspicious mark. and his dark suggestions hide From sharpest sight: for. worse would build? Terrestrial Heaven. Thus he resolved. how like to Heaven. as seems. plant. in whom To enter. seat worthier of Gods. but first from inward grief His bursting passion into plaints thus poured. reforming what was old! O Earth. danced round by other Heavens That shine. all their known virtue appears Productive in herb.

and plains. now sea and shores with forest crowned. him destroyed.Of growth. For whom all this was made. and in Heaven much worse would be my state. reason. and caves! But I in none of these Find place or refuge. In woe then. and. as to him linked in weal or woe. Now land. woods. Rocks. and valley. all this will soon Follow. no nor in Heaven To dwell. sense. and the more I see Pleasures about me. dens. though thereby worse to me redound: For only in destroying I find ease To my relentless thoughts. so much more I feel Torment within me. But neither here seek I. in one night. that destruction wide may range: To me shall be the glory sole among The infernal Powers. all summed up in Man. and who knows how long Before had been contriving? though perhaps Not longer than since I. in one day to have marred What he. but others to make such As I. Nor hope to be myself less miserable By what I seek. If I could joy in aught. six nights and days Continued making. Almighty styled. as from the hateful siege Of contraries: all good to me becomes Bane. With what delight could I have walked thee 243 . rivers. freed From servitude inglorious well nigh half Free eBooks at Planet eBook. sweet interchange Of hill. Or won to what may work his utter loss. unless by mastering Heaven’s Supreme.

our spoils: What he decreed. Him lord pronounced. to be avenged. obnoxious. and for him built Magnificent this world. With heavenly spoils. Whether such virtue spent of old now failed More Angels to create. first or last. or. and pry In every bush and brake. He effected. and him endow. and. That to the highth of Deity aspired! But what will not ambition and revenge Descend to? Who aspires.The angelick name. Man he made. and. thus wrapt in mist Of midnight vapour glide obscure. who erst contended With Gods to sit the highest. and the dark intent I bring. am now constrained Into a beast. O indignity! Subjected to his service angel-wings. in whose mazy folds To hide me. to elude. to spite us more. if they at least Are his created. where hap may find The serpent sleeping. This essence to incarnate and imbrute. And flaming ministers to watch and tend Their earthly charge: Of these the vigilance I dread. mixed with bestial slime. 244 Paradise Lost . Exalted from so base original. and. must down as low As high he soared. O foul descent! that I. and earth his seat. Determined to advance into our room A creature formed of earth. and thinner left the throng Of his adorers: He. And to repair his numbers thus impaired.

I reck not. well stored with subtile wiles: Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den. In heart or head. And joined their vocal worship to the quire Of creatures wanting voice. forth came the human pair. soon inspired With act intelligential. and his brutal sense. So saying.To basest things. when as sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the humid flowers. His head the midst. Bitter ere long. when all things. that breathed Their morning incense. but his sleep Disturbed not. his Maker raised From dust: Spite then with spite is best repaid. Now. Nor nocent yet. that done. that breathe. 245 . son of despite. waiting close the approach of morn. through each thicket dank or dry. but. him fast-sleeping soon he found In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled. Fearless unfeared he slept: in at his mouth The Devil entered. back on itself recoils: Let it. on the grassy herb. he held on His midnight-search. this man of clay. where soonest he might find The serpent. so it light well aimed. and his nostrils fill With grateful smell. From the Earth’s great altar send up silent praise To the Creator. partake Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Whom. Revenge. Since higher I fall short. on him who next Provokes my envy. at first though sweet. Like a black mist low-creeping. us the more to spite. this new favourite Of Heaven.

and flower. Thou therefore now advise. or object new Casual discourse draw on. find what to redress till noon: For. whether to wind The woodbine round this arbour. what we by day Lop overgrown. One night or two with wanton growth derides Tending to wild. while so near each other thus all day Our task we choose. Our pleasant task enjoined. to me beyond Compare above all living creatures dear! 246 Paradise Lost . brought to little. while I. and the hour of supper comes unearned? To whom mild answer Adam thus returned. till more hands Aid us. or prop. or bind. Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present: Let us divide our labours. or where most needs.The season prime for sweetest scents and airs: Then commune. or prune. how that day they best may ply Their growing work: for much their work out-grew The hands’ dispatch of two gardening so wide. though begun Early. Adam. herb. well may we labour still to dress This garden. but. where choice Leads thee. which intermits Our day’s work. In yonder spring of roses intermixed With myrtle. Luxurious by restraint. Sole Eve. associate sole. still to tend plant. what wonder if so near Looks intervene and smiles. And Eve first to her husband thus began. the work under our labour grows. thou. or direct The clasping ivy where to climb.

with greedy hope to find Free eBooks at Planet eBook. for smiles from reason flow. for thou knowest What hath been warned 247 . than to study houshold good. but to delight. and are of love the food. nor of me shalt pass Unpraised: for nothing lovelier can be found In woman. and of his own Despairing. How we might best fulfil the work which here God hath assigned us. Love. not the lowest end of human life. But other doubt possesses me. till younger hands ere long Assist us. as wide As we need walk. what malicious foe Envying our happiness. as to debar us when we need Refreshment. For not to irksome toil. seeks to work us woe and shame By sly assault. if much converse perhaps Thee satiate. And good works in her husband to promote. and delight to reason joined. lest harm Befall thee severed from me. Yet not so strictly hath our Lord imposed Labour. and somewhere nigh at hand Watches. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands Will keep from wilderness with ease. well thy thoughts employed. to short absence I could yield: For solitude sometimes is best society. He made us. And short retirement urges sweet return.Well hast thou motioned. or talk between. Food of the mind. or this sweet intercourse Of looks and smiles. no doubt. To brute denied. whether food. But.

which plain infers Thy equal fear. And from the parting Angel over-heard. I expected not to hear. and some unkindness meets. As in a shady nook I stood behind. both by thee informed I learn. or can repel. Offspring of Heaven and Earth. Just then returned at shut of evening flowers. because we have a foe May tempt it. who seeks Our ruin. us asunder. still shades thee. and protects.His wish and best advantage. that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt To God or thee. Who guards her. or with her the worst endures. or to disturb Conjugal love. Hopeless to circumvent us joined. With sweet austere composure thus replied. or worse. not capable of death or pain. To whom the virgin majesty of Eve. where each To other speedy aid might lend at need: Whether his first design be to withdraw Our fealty from God. and all Earth’s Lord! That such an enemy we have. being such As we. His violence thou fearest not. His fraud is then thy fear. that my firm faith and love 248 Paradise Lost . where danger or dishonour lurks. The wife. Can either not receive. As one who loves. than which perhaps no bliss Enjoyed by us excites his envy more. leave not the faithful side That gave thee being. Or this. Safest and seemliest by her husband stays. But.

while shame. mis-thought of her to thee so dear? To whom with healing words Adam replied. Shame to be overcome or over-reached. supposed Not incorruptible of faith. I. will hardly dare. though bold. more watchful. which on us both at once The enemy. Though ineffectual found: misdeem not then.Can by his fraud be shaken or seduced. though in vain. Adam. Would utmost vigour raise. Or daring. immortal Eve! For such thou art. For he who tempts. if need were Of outward strength. stronger. in thy sight More 249 . thou looking on. first on me the assault shall light. not proof Against temptation: Thou thyself with scorn And anger wouldst resent the offered wrong. from sin and blame entire: Not diffident of thee do I dissuade Thy absence from my sight. and raised unite. which how found they harbour in thy breast. Nor thou his malice and false guile contemn. If such affront I labour to avert From thee alone. who could seduce Angels. but to avoid The attempt itself. Thoughts. receive Access in every virtue. from the influence of thy looks. intended by our foe. Why shouldst not thou like sense within thee feel Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Daughter of God and Man. nor think superfluous other’s aid. at least asperses The tempted with dishonour foul. Subtle he needs must be.

we not endued Single with like defence. but Eve. and thy trial choose With me. Tempting. How are we happy. wherever met. still in fear of harm? But harm precedes not sin: only our foe. love. Thus her reply with accent sweet renewed. thus exposed. then wherefore shunned or feared By us? who rather double honour gain From his surmise proved false. affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity: his foul esteem Sticks no dishonour on our front. As not secure to single or combined. To whom thus Adam fervently replied. Frail is our happiness. If this be our condition. thus to dwell In narrow circuit straitened by a foe. Favour from Heaven. our witness. virtue. Subtle or violent. O Woman. best are all things as the will Of God ordained them: His creating hand 250 Paradise Lost . find peace within. but turns Foul on himself. from the event. And Eden were no Eden.When I am present. best witness of thy virtue tried? So spake domestick Adam in his care And matrimonial love. who thought Less attributed to her faith sincere. without exteriour help sustained? Let us not then suspect our happy state Left so imperfect by the Maker wise. And what is faith. if this be so. unassayed Alone.

which to avoid Were better. and mind thou me. Lest. for thy stay. Since Reason not impossibly may meet Some specious object by the foe suborned. trial unsought may find Us both securer than thus warned thou 251 . the other who can know. by some fair-appearing good surprised. who attest? But.Nothing imperfect or deficient left Of all that he created. Not seeing thee attempted. Go in thy native innocence. approve First thy obedience. but tender love. absents thee more. And fall into deception unaware. Wouldst thou approve thy constancy. not free. Go. Seek not temptation then. Secure from outward force. yet lies within his power: Against his will he can receive no harm. Not then mistrust. and mis-inform the will To do what God expressly hath forbid. within himself The danger lies. Not keeping strictest watch. That I should mind thee oft. Firm we subsist. and Reason he made right. enjoins. rely Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and most likely if from me Thou sever not: Trial will come unsought. and still erect. yet possible to swerve. But bid her well be ware. much less Man. for what obeys Reason. She dictate false. Or aught that might his happy state secure. is free. But God left free the will. as she was warned. if thou think.

Oft he to her his charge of quick return Repeated. but Eve Persisted. yet submiss. So bent.On what thou hast of virtue. Likest she seemed. Guiltless of fire. she to him as oft engaged To be returned by noon amid the bower. do thine. or of Delia’s train. Though not as she with bow and quiver armed. replied. With thy permission then. when least sought. May find us both perhaps far less prepared. And all things in best order to invite 252 Paradise Lost . To Pales. like a Wood-Nymph light. nor much expect A foe so proud will first the weaker seek. Pomona when she fled Vertumnus. thus adorned. But with such gardening tools as Art yet rude. Yet virgin of Proserpina from Jove. summon all! For God towards thee hath done his part. had formed. The willinger I go. the more shall shame him his repulse. and. So spake the patriarch of mankind. and thus forewarned Chiefly by what thy own last reasoning words Touched only. Betook her to the groves. but desiring more her stay. from her husband’s hand her hand Soft she withdrew. or to Ceres in her prime. Her long with ardent look his eye pursued Delighted. and Goddess-like deport. that our trial. though last. but Delia’s self In gait surpassed. Oread or Dryad. Thus saying. or Pomona. or Angels brought.

or afternoon’s repose. Mere serpent in appearance. or specked with gold. whose head. O much deceived. much failing. he wished. Such ambush. In bower and field he sought. though gay Carnation. Waited with hellish rancour imminent To intercept thy way. or send thee back Despoiled of innocence. Beyond his hope. hid among sweet flowers and shades. or sound repose. where any tuft Of grove or garden-plot more pleasant lay. mindless the while Free eBooks at Planet eBook. his purposed prey. or plantation for delight. azure.Noontide repast. but not with hope Of what so seldom chanced. but wished his hap might find Eve separate. the Fiend. and since first break of dawn. hapless Eve. purple. forth was come. Half spied. Veiled in a cloud of fragrance. By fountain or by shady rivulet He sought them both. of bliss! For now. so thick the roses blushing round About her glowed. where she stood. Their tendance. but in them The whole included race. And on his quest. oft stooping to support Each flower of slender stalk. of faith. where likeliest he might find The only two of mankind. them she upstays Gently with myrtle band. Of thy presumed return! event perverse! Thou never from that hour in Paradise Foundst either sweet repast. Eve separate he spies. Hung drooping unsustained. when to his 253 .

As one who long in populous city pent. and in her look sums all delight: Such pleasure took the Serpent to behold This flowery plat. cedar. and flowers Imbordered on each bank. but more soft. to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoined. or kine. pine. the hand of Eve: Spot more delicious than those gardens feigned Or of revived Adonis. Nearer he drew. each rural sight. where the sapient king Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse. with nymph-like step. From her best prop so far. thus alone: Her heavenly form Angelick. and many a walk traversed Of stateliest covert. from each thing met conceives delight. each rural sound. or tedded grass. or least action. The smell of grain. Much he the place admired. though fairest unsupported flower. or renowned Alcinous. Or dairy. and feminine. What pleasing seemed. She most. the person more. fair virgin pass. now hid.Herself. not mystick. If chance. Among thick-woven arborets. now seen. for her now pleases more. the sweet recess of Eve Thus early. and storm so nigh. Or that. her every air Of gesture. or palm. Her graceful innocence. host of old Laertes’ son. Forth issuing on a summer’s morn. Then voluble and bold. overawed 254 Paradise Lost . Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air.

She fair. Then. to forget What hither brought us! hate. of enmity disarmed. I not. And tortures him now more. for I view far round. of courage haughty. Thoughts. divinely fair. Though in mid Heaven. other joy To me is lost. the more he sees Of pleasure. and all his thoughts Of mischief. opportune to all attempts. of hate. but all pleasure to destroy. behold alone The woman. Whose higher intellectual more I shun. Her 255 . thus excites. not for him ordained: then soon Fierce hate he recollects. and for the time remained Stupidly good. not love. of envy. so much hath Hell debased. gratulating. and pain Enfeebled me. let me not let pass Occasion which now smiles. and of limb Heroick built. though of terrestrial mould. fit love for Gods! Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Of guile. of revenge: But the hot Hell that always in him burns. Foe not informidable! exempt from wound.His malice. Save what is in destroying. And strength. and with rapine sweet bereaved His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought: That space the Evil-one abstracted stood From his own evil. to what I was in Heaven. soon ended his delight. whither have ye led me! with what sweet Compulsion thus transported. not nigh. hope here to taste Of pleasure.nor hope Of Paradise for Hell.

So spake the enemy of mankind. heard the sound 256 Paradise Lost . As when a ship. was seen. Hate stronger. or the god In Epidaurus. or Capitoline. Circular base of rising folds. not those that in Illyria changed. that towered Fold above fold. inmate bad! and toward Eve Addressed his way: not with indented wave. under show of love well feigned. Hermione and Cadmus. a surging maze! his head Crested aloft.Not terrible. but on his rear. Prone on the ground. though terrour be in love And beauty. and carbuncle his eyes. but feared To interrupt. never since of serpent-kind Lovelier. and shifts her sail: So varied he. With tract oblique At first. To lure her eye. The way which to her ruin now I tend. He with Olympias. enclosed In serpent. as since. busied. not approached by stronger hate. the highth of Rome. by skilful steersmen wrought Nigh river’s mouth or foreland. erect Amidst his circling spires. nor to which transformed Ammonian Jove. that on the grass Floated redundant: pleasing was his shape And lovely. as oft so steers. as one who sought access. where the wind Veers oft. With burnished neck of verdant gold. and of his tortuous train Curled many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve. side-long he works his way. this with her who bore Scipio. she.

uncalled before her stood. but here In this enclosure wild. Thee all things living gaze on. His fraudulent temptation thus began. His gentle dumb expression turned at length The eye of Eve to mark his play. but minded not. and thy celestial beauty adore With ravishment beheld! there best beheld. with serpent-tongue Organick. and shallow to discern Half what in thee is fair. Than at Circean call the herd disguised. Beholders rude. adored and served Free eBooks at Planet eBook. one man except. and gaze Insatiate. Wonder not. But as in gaze admiring: oft he bowed His turret crest. if perhaps Thou canst. more duteous at her call. Who sees thee? and what is one? who should be seen A Goddess among Gods. all things thine By gift. glad Of her attention gained. Where universally admired. with disdain. sovran Mistress.nor have feared Thy awful brow. From every beast. the Heaven of mildness. and licked the ground whereon she trod. or impulse of vocal air. He. and sleek enamelled neck. Displeased that I approach thee thus. Fawning. who art sole wonder! much less arm Thy looks. he. Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair. as used To such disport before her through the field.Of rusling 257 . I thus single. these beasts among. more awful thus retired. bolder now.

Serpent. and say. and human sense expressed? The first. on their creation-day. Empress of this fair world. and right thou shouldst be obeyed: I was at first as other beasts that graze The trodden herb. Not unamazed. As was my food. and how To me so friendly grown above the rest Of brutal kind. So glozed the Tempter. Redouble then this miracle. at least. Thee. and his proem tuned: Into the heart of Eve his words made way. for in their looks Much reason. thy daily train. subtlest beast of all the field I knew. she thus in answer spake. and apprehended nothing high: Till. Created mute to all articulate sound: The latter I demur. for such wonder claims attention due. oft appears. What may this mean? language of man pronounced By tongue of brute. of abject thoughts and low. Though at the voice much marvelling. on a day roving the field. I chanced 258 Paradise Lost . whom God. How camest thou speakable of mute. that daily are in sight? Say. at length. To whom the guileful Tempter thus replied. resplendent Eve! Easy to me it is to tell thee all What thou commandest. but not with human voice endued. of these I thought denied To beasts. and in their actions. nor aught but food discerned Or sex.By Angels numberless.

Amid the tree now got. To satisfy the sharp desire I had Of tasting those fair apples. or the teats Of ewe or goat dropping with milk at even. Grateful to appetite. At feed or fountain. where plenty hung Tempting so nigh. and with capacious mind Considered all things visible in Heaven. such pleasure till that hour. About the mossy trunk I wound me soon. Powerful persuaders. I resolved Not to defer. but could not reach. the branches would require Thy utmost reach or Adam’s: Round the tree All other beasts that saw. quickened at the scent Of that alluring fruit. more pleased my sense Than smell of sweetest fennel. urged me so keen. high from ground. with like desire Longing and envying stood. Sated at length. to pluck and eat my fill I spared not. for. Unsucked of lamb or kid. Ruddy and gold: I nearer drew to gaze. For. When from the boughs a savoury odour blown. hunger and thirst at once. to degree Of reason in my inward powers. that tend their 259 .A goodly tree far distant to behold Loaden with fruit of fairest colours mixed. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. though to this shape retained. never had I found. and speech Wanted not long. Thenceforth to speculations high or deep I turned my thoughts. ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me.

Or Earth, or Middle; all things fair and good: But all that fair and good in thy divine Semblance, and in thy beauty’s heavenly ray, United I beheld; no fair to thine Equivalent or second! which compelled Me thus, though importune perhaps, to come And gaze, and worship thee of right declared Sovran of creatures, universal Dame! So talked the spirited sly Snake; and Eve, Yet more amazed, unwary thus replied. Serpent, thy overpraising leaves in doubt The virtue of that fruit, in thee first proved: But say, where grows the tree? from hence how far? For many are the trees of God that grow In Paradise, and various, yet unknown To us; in such abundance lies our choice, As leaves a greater store of fruit untouched, Still hanging incorruptible, till men Grow up to their provision, and more hands Help to disburden Nature of her birth. To whom the wily Adder, blithe and glad. Empress, the way is ready, and not long; Beyond a row of myrtles, on a flat, Fast by a fountain, one small thicket past Of blowing myrrh and balm: if thou accept My conduct, I can bring thee thither soon Lead then, said Eve. He, leading, swiftly rolled In tangles, and made intricate seem straight, To mischief swift. Hope elevates, and joy
260 Paradise Lost

Brightens his crest; as when a wandering fire, Compact of unctuous vapour, which the night Condenses, and the cold environs round, Kindled through agitation to a flame, Which oft, they say, some evil Spirit attends, Hovering and blazing with delusive light, Misleads the amazed night-wanderer from his way To bogs and mires, and oft through pond or pool; There swallowed up and lost, from succour far. So glistered the dire Snake, and into fraud Led Eve, our credulous mother, to the tree Of prohibition, root of all our woe; Which when she saw, thus to her guide she spake. Serpent, we might have spared our coming hither, Fruitless to me, though fruit be here to excess, The credit of whose virtue rest with thee; Wonderous indeed, if cause of such effects. But of this tree we may not taste nor touch; God so commanded, and left that command Sole daughter of his voice; the rest, we live Law to ourselves; our reason is our law. To whom the Tempter guilefully replied. Indeed! hath God then said that of the fruit Of all these garden-trees ye shall not eat, Yet Lords declared of all in earth or air$? To whom thus Eve, yet sinless. Of the fruit Of each tree in the garden we may eat; But of the fruit of this fair tree amidst The garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat
Free eBooks at Planet 261

Thereof, nor shall ye touch it, lest ye die. She scarce had said, though brief, when now more bold The Tempter, but with show of zeal and love To Man, and indignation at his wrong, New part puts on; and, as to passion moved, Fluctuates disturbed, yet comely and in act Raised, as of some great matter to begin. As when of old some orator renowned, In Athens or free Rome, where eloquence Flourished, since mute! to some great cause addressed, Stood in himself collected; while each part, Motion, each act, won audience ere the tongue; Sometimes in highth began, as no delay Of preface brooking, through his zeal of right: So standing, moving, or to highth up grown, The Tempter, all impassioned, thus began. O sacred, wise, and wisdom-giving Plant, Mother of science! now I feel thy power Within me clear; not only to discern Things in their causes, but to trace the ways Of highest agents, deemed however wise. Queen of this universe! do not believe Those rigid threats of death: ye shall not die: How should you? by the fruit? it gives you life To knowledge; by the threatener? look on me, Me, who have touched and tasted; yet both live, And life more perfect have attained than Fate Meant me, by venturing higher than my lot. Shall that be shut to Man, which to the Beast
262 Paradise Lost

Is open? or will God incense his ire For such a petty trespass? and not praise Rather your dauntless virtue, whom the pain Of death denounced, whatever thing death be, Deterred not from achieving what might lead To happier life, knowledge of good and evil; Of good, how just? of evil, if what is evil Be real, why not known, since easier shunned? God therefore cannot hurt ye, and be just; Not just, not God; not feared then, nor obeyed: Your fear itself of death removes the fear. Why then was this forbid? Why, but to awe; Why, but to keep ye low and ignorant, His worshippers? He knows that in the day Ye eat thereof, your eyes that seem so clear, Yet are but dim, shall perfectly be then Opened and cleared, and ye shall be as Gods, Knowing both good and evil, as they know. That ye shall be as Gods, since I as Man, Internal Man, is but proportion meet; I, of brute, human; ye, of human, Gods. So ye shall die perhaps, by putting off Human, to put on Gods; death to be wished, Though threatened, which no worse than this can bring. And what are Gods, that Man may not become As they, participating God-like food? The Gods are first, and that advantage use On our belief, that all from them proceeds: I question it; for this fair earth I see,
Free eBooks at Planet 263

Warmed by the sun, producing every kind; Them, nothing: if they all things, who enclosed Knowledge of good and evil in this tree, That whoso eats thereof, forthwith attains Wisdom without their leave? and wherein lies The offence, that Man should thus attain to know? What can your knowledge hurt him, or this tree Impart against his will, if all be his? Or is it envy? and can envy dwell In heavenly breasts? These, these, and many more Causes import your need of this fair fruit. Goddess humane, reach then, and freely taste! He ended; and his words, replete with guile, Into her heart too easy entrance won: Fixed on the fruit she gazed, which to behold Might tempt alone; and in her ears the sound Yet rung of his persuasive words, impregned With reason, to her seeming, and with truth: Mean while the hour of noon drew on, and waked An eager appetite, raised by the smell So savoury of that fruit, which with desire, Inclinable now grown to touch or taste, Solicited her longing eye; yet first Pausing a while, thus to herself she mused. Great are thy virtues, doubtless, best of fruits, Though kept from man, and worthy to be admired; Whose taste, too long forborn, at first assay Gave elocution to the mute, and taught The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise:
264 Paradise Lost

Thy praise he also, who forbids thy use, Conceals not from us, naming thee the tree Of knowledge, knowledge both of good and evil; Forbids us then to taste! but his forbidding Commends thee more, while it infers the good By thee communicated, and our want: For good unknown sure is not had; or, had And yet unknown, is as not had at all. In plain then, what forbids he but to know, Forbids us good, forbids us to be wise? Such prohibitions bind not. But, if death Bind us with after-bands, what profits then Our inward freedom? In the day we eat Of this fair fruit, our doom is, we shall die! How dies the Serpent? he hath eaten and lives, And knows, and speaks, and reasons, and discerns, Irrational till then. For us alone Was death invented? or to us denied This intellectual food, for beasts reserved? For beasts it seems: yet that one beast which first Hath tasted envies not, but brings with joy The good befallen him, author unsuspect, Friendly to man, far from deceit or guile. What fear I then? rather, what know to fear Under this ignorance of good and evil, Of God or death, of law or penalty? Here grows the cure of all, this fruit divine, Fair to the eye, inviting to the taste, Of virtue to make wise: What hinders then
Free eBooks at Planet 265

To reach, and feed at once both body and mind? So saying, her rash hand in evil hour Forth reaching to the fruit, she plucked, she eat! Earth felt the wound; and Nature from her seat, Sighing through all her works, gave signs of woe, That all was lost. Back to the thicket slunk The guilty Serpent; and well might;for Eve, Intent now wholly on her taste, nought else Regarded; such delight till then, as seemed, In fruit she never tasted, whether true Or fancied so, through expectation high Of knowledge; not was Godhead from her thought. Greedily she ingorged without restraint, And knew not eating death: Satiate at length, And hightened as with wine, jocund and boon, Thus to herself she pleasingly began. O sovran, virtuous, precious of all trees In Paradise! of operation blest To sapience, hitherto obscured, infamed. And thy fair fruit let hang, as to no end Created; but henceforth my early care, Not without song, each morning, and due praise, Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease Of thy full branches offered free to all; Till, dieted by thee, I grow mature In knowledge, as the Gods, who all things know; Though others envy what they cannot give: For, had the gift been theirs, it had not here Thus grown. Experience, next, to thee I owe,
266 Paradise Lost

inferiour. who is free This may be well: But what if God have seen. and remote to see from thence distinct Each thing on Earth. though secret she retire. from the tree her step she turned. But first low reverence done. And render me more equal. safe with all his spies About him. as to the Power That dwelt within. And death ensue? then I shall be no more! And Adam. Shall live with her enjoying. whose presence had infused Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And givest access. or rather not. I extinct. without him live no life. Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe: So dear I love him. I had remained In ignorance. And I perhaps am secret: Heaven is high. that with him all deaths I could endure. A thing not undesirable. High. and other care perhaps May have diverted from continual watch Our great Forbidder. sometime Superiour. and give him to partake Full happiness with me. But keeps the odds of knowledge in my power Without copartner? so to add what wants In female sex. So saying. thou openest wisdom’s way. A death to think! Confirmed then I resolve. not following thee.Best guide. wedded to another 267 . the more to draw his love. for. But to Adam in what sort Shall I appear? shall I to him make known As yet my change. and perhaps.

at my stay? Thee I have missed. nor to evil unknown Opening the way. what rash untried I sought. drink of Gods. Hast thou not wondered. in her face excuse Came prologue. Adam the while. to adorn Her tresses. he the faltering measure felt. nor shall be twice. Adam. and her rural labours crown. with bland words at will. but of divine effect 268 Paradise Lost . in her hand A bough of fairest fruit. that downy smiled. and apology too prompt. To him she hasted. and wonderful to hear: This tree is not. so long delayed: Yet oft his heart. agony of love till now Not felt. divine of something ill. had wove Of choicest flowers a garland. a tree Of danger tasted. derived From nectar. there he her met. and thought it long. as we are told.Into the plant sciential sap. and new Solace in her return. for never more Mean I to try. And forth to meet her went. the way she took That morn when first they parted: by the tree Of knowledge he must pass. New gathered. Great joy he promised to his thoughts. Scarce from the tree returning. deprived Thy presence. Misgave him. and ambrosial smell diffused. Waiting desirous her return. But strange Hath been the cause. Which. The pain of absence from thy sight. she thus addressed. As reapers oft are wont their harvest-queen.

and all the faded roses shed: Speechless he stood and pale. different degree Disjoin 269 . without thee can despise. equal joy. and odious soon. Lest. thou not tasting. that equal lot May join us.To open eyes. But in her cheek distemper flushing glowed. as equal love. Or not restrained as we. From his slack hand the garland wreathed for Eve Down dropt. or not obeying. Dim erst. to me is bliss. while horrour chill Ran through his veins. which for thee Chiefly I sought. Reasoning to admiration. And growing up to Godhead. as we are threatened. Not dead. and make them Gods who taste. For bliss. Astonied stood and blank. and with me Persuasively hath so prevailed. opener mine eyes. On the other side Adam. ampler heart. Thus Eve with countenance blithe her story told. Hath eaten of the fruit. dilated spirits. and I then too late renounce Deity for thee. soon as he heard The fatal trespass done by Eve. till thus at length Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And hath been tasted such: The serpent wise. as thou hast part. unshared with thee. and is become. Thou therefore also taste. amazed. when Fate will not permit. and all his joints relaxed. that I Have also tasted. and have also found The effects to correspond. but thenceforth Endued with human voice and human sense. Tedious.

how hast thou yielded to transgress The strict forbiddance. no!I feel The link of Nature draw me: flesh of flesh. and I Another rib afford. Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turned. adventurous Eve. Defaced. amiable. and after thoughts disturbed Submitting to what seemed remediless. good. yet unknown. O fairest of Creation. or sweet! How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost. deflowered. To live again in these wild woods forlorn! Should God create another Eve. Bone of my bone thou art. last and best Of all God’s works. and now to death devote! Rather. And peril great provoked. for with thee Certain my resolution is to die: How can I live without thee! how forego Thy sweet converse.First to himself he inward silence broke. and from thy state Mine never shall be parted. divine. who thus hast dared. Bold deed thou hast presumed. Had it been only coveting to eye 270 Paradise Lost . Creature in whom excelled Whatever can to sight or thought be formed. And me with thee hath ruined. yet loss of thee Would never from my heart: no. bliss or woe. as one from sad dismay Recomforted. how to violate The sacred fruit forbidden! Some cursed fraud Of enemy hath beguiled thee. Holy. and love so dearly joined. So having said.

Lives. dignified so high.That sacred fruit. But past who can recall. ere our taste. and say. yet so Perhaps thou shalt not die. Creator wise. as likely tasting to attain Proportional ascent. Profaned first by the serpent. now Mankind. undo. Nor yet on him found deadly. Set over all his works. yet he lives. nor Fate. Though threatening. and labour lose. who. However I with thee have fixed my lot. foretasted fruit. who can please him long? Me first ‘He ruined. whom will he next?’ Matter of scorn. which cannot be But to be Gods. Dependant made. and gains to live. Nor can I think that God. sacred to abstinence. by him first Made common. and unhallowed. Be frustrate. Much more to taste it under ban to touch. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Higher degree of life. perhaps the fact Is not so heinous now. will in earnest so destroy Us his prime creatures. though his power Creation could repeat. For us 271 . Not well conceived of God. or Angels. yet would be loth Us to abolish. not to be given the Foe. inducement strong To us. which in our fall. or done undo? Not God Omnipotent. as thou saidst. ‘Fickle their state whom God ‘Most favours. so God shall uncreate. do. demi-Gods. as Man. needs with us must fail. lest the Adversary Triumph.

or aught than death more dread. Shall separate us. chiefly assured 272 Paradise Lost . or by occasion. example high! Engaging me to emulate. declaring thee resolved. short Of thy perfection. My own in thee. than oblige thee with a fact Pernicious to thy peace. And gladly of our union hear thee speak. to lose thee were to lose myself. Direct. O glorious trial of exceeding love. So forcible within my heart I feel The bond of Nature draw me to my own. I would sustain alone The worst. and not persuade thee. from whose dear side I boast me sprung. So Adam.Certain to undergo like doom: If death Consort with thee. and thus Eve to him replied. Adam. of tasting this fair fruit. hath presented This happy trial of thy love. whereof good proof This day affords. but. Whose virtue for of good still good proceeds. one soul in both. One flesh. death is to me as life. If any be. one crime. One heart. Our state cannot be severed. linked in love so dear. Illustrious evidence. To undergo with me one guilt. Rather than death. how shall I attain. we are one. for what thou art is mine. which else So eminently never had been known? Were it I thought death menaced would ensue This my attempt. rather die Deserted.

Earth trembled from her entrails. and. some sad drops Wept at completing of the mortal sin Original: while Adam took no thought. love unequalled: but I feel Far otherwise the event.Remarkably so late of thy so true. They swim in mirth. that now. But fondly overcome with female charm. but life Augmented. So saying. Taste so divine. nor Eve to iterate Her former trespass feared. Sky loured. not death. Against his better knowledge. Eating his fill. much won. And fear of death deliver to the winds. As with new wine intoxicated both. or death. opened eyes. new joys. she embraced him. as again In pangs. that what of sweet before Hath touched my sense. not deceived. muttering 273 . as of choice to incur Divine displeasure for her sake. that he his love Had so ennobled. In recompence for such compliance bad Such recompence best merits from the bough She gave him of that fair enticing fruit With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat. and for joy Tenderly wept. the more to sooth Him with her loved society. Adam. and Nature gave a second groan. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and fancy that they feel Divinity within them breeding wings. new hopes. So faithful. flat seems to this. and harsh. On my experience. freely taste.

since the day I saw thee first and wedded thee. Thick over-head with verdant roof imbowered. now I see thou art exact of taste. Her hand he seised. and to a shady bank. of sapience no small part. tasting. she him As wantonly repaid. whose eye darted contagious fire. As meet is. And palate call judicious. Much pleasure we have lost. nor known till now True relish. well understood Of Eve. if such pleasure be In things to us forbidden. so inflame my sense With ardour to enjoy thee. But come. Carnal desire inflaming.Wherewith to scorn the earth: But that false fruit Far other operation first displayed. 274 Paradise Lost . after such delicious fare. I the praise Yield thee. Since to each meaning savour we apply. Eve. bounty of this virtuous tree! So said he. so well refreshed. and forbore not glance or toy Of amorous intent. in lust they burn: Till Adam thus ‘gan Eve to dalliance move. now let us play. For never did thy beauty. fairer now Than ever. it might be wished. he on Eve Began to cast lascivious eyes. And elegant. so well this day thou hast purveyed. while we abstained From this delightful fruit. For this one tree had been forbidden ten. He led her nothing loth. adorned With all perfections. flowers were the couch.

he covered. and grosser sleep. but his robe Uncovered more. and waked Shorn of his 275 . now had left them. Just confidence. each the other viewing. So rose the Danite strong. and their minds How darkened. of whomsoever taught Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit. innocence. as strucken mute: Till Adam. up they rose As from unrest. naked left To guilty Shame. from about them. They destitute and bare Of all their virtue: Silent. and native righteousness. And honour. That with exhilarating vapour bland About their spirits had played. and violets. in evil hour thou didst give ear To that false worm.Pansies. that as a veil Had shadowed them from knowing ill. though not less than Eve abashed. till dewy sleep Oppressed them. and asphodel. The solace of their sin. Herculean Samson. and inmost powers Made err. Earth’s freshest softest lap. Bred of unkindly fumes. O Eve. Soon found their eyes how opened. and in face Confounded. and. long they sat. with conscious dreams Incumbered. At length gave utterance to these words constrained. wearied with their amorous play. There they their fill of love and love’s disport Took largely. from the harlot-lap Of Philistean Dalilah. of their mutual guilt the seal. was gone. And hyacinth. was now exhaled.

276 Paradise Lost . impenetrable To star or sun-light. spread their umbrage broad And brown as evening: Cover me. good lost. and find we know Both good and evil. of faith. erst with joy And rapture so oft beheld? Those heavenly shapes Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze Insufferably bright.—How shall I behold the face Henceforth of God or Angel. Bad fruit of knowledge. Even shame. in some glade Obscured. if this be to know. of the first Be sure then. since our eyes Opened we find indeed. the last of evils. whose broad smooth leaves together sewed. that seem most To shame obnoxious. Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained. where highest woods. of honour void. of purity. devise What best may for the present serve to hide The parts of each from other. with innumerable boughs Hide me.To counterfeit Man’s voice. and evil got. Which leaves us naked thus. may cover round Those middle parts. O! might I here In solitude live savage. False in our promised rising. ye Pines! Ye Cedars. Some tree. Shame. that this new comer. and unseemliest seen. And in our faces evident the signs Of foul concupiscence. true in our fall. where I may never see them more!— But let us now. Of innocence. whence evil store. as in bad plight. And girded on our loins.

There sit not. and reproach us as unclean. that in the ground The bended twigs take root. Thus fenced. how unlike To that first naked glory! Such of late Columbus found the American. vain covering. calm region once And full of peace. and tends his pasturing herds At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: Those leaves They gathered. discord. nor only tears Rained at their 277 . So counselled he. naked else. with what skill they had. and shook sore Their inward state of mind. hate. broad as Amazonian targe. but not at rest or ease of mind. now tost and turbulent: Free eBooks at Planet eBook. high passions. Mistrust. but high winds worse within Began to rise. In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms Branching so broad and long. Shelters in cool. They sat them down to weep. and daughters grow About the mother tree. And. shunning heat. and echoing walks between: There oft the Indian herdsman. But such as at this day. a pillared shade High over-arched. to Indians known. their shame in part Covered. and wild Among the trees on isles and woody shores. so girt With feathered cincture. suspicion. and both together went Into the thickest wood. not that kind for fruit renowned. as they thought. and. To gird their waist. if to hide Their guilt and dreaded shame! O. together sewed. there soon they chose The fig-tree. anger.

Being as I am. not. or seek to harm. speaking as he spake. shamed. we had then Remained still happy. soon moved with touch of blame. and the Will Heard not her lore. Why he should mean me ill. thou couldst not have discerned Fraud in the Serpent. naked. Was I to have never parted from thy side? As good have grown there still a lifeless rib. estranged in look and altered style. when earnestly they seek Such proof. To whom. who from beneath Usurping over sovran Reason claimed Superiour sway: From thus distempered breast. thus Eve. and staid With me.For Understanding ruled not. as now. What words have passed thy lips. Or here the attempt. despoiled Of all our good. the head. which who knows But might as ill have happened thou being by. conclude. or will Of wandering. as thou callest it. they then begin to fail. 278 Paradise Lost . when that strange Desire of wandering. I know not whence possessed thee. Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there. why didst not thou. Adam severe! Imputest thou that to my default. Would thou hadst hearkened to my words. as I besought thee. Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewed. both in subjection now To sensual Appetite. this unhappy morn. Adam. No ground of enmity between us known. miserable! Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe.

Adam replied. Going into such danger. Nay. which is become my crime. and the lurking enemy That lay in wait. beyond this. And thou the accuser. but I rue The errour now. not I. in overmuch admiring What seemed in thee so perfect. to worth in women overtrusting. Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? And am I now upbraided as the cause Of thy transgressing? Not enough severe. didst permit. To whom. Free eBooks at Planet 279 . nor thou with me. And force upon free will hath here no place. then first incensed.Command me absolutely not to go. ingrateful Eve! expressed Immutable. in thy restraint: What could I more I warned thee. Is this the love. and joyed immortal bliss. Lets her will rule: restraint she will not brook. and fair dismiss. is this the recompence Of mine to thee. that I thought No evil durst attempt thee. foretold The danger. as thou saidst? Too facile then. secure Either to meet no danger. I admonished thee. Thus it shall befall Him. had been force. thou didst not much gainsay. approve. and perhaps I also erred. Neither had I transgressed. or to find Matter of glorious trial. Who might have lived. when thou wert lost. who. But confidence then bore thee on. Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent. It seems.

And of their vain contest appeared no end. left to herself. but neither self-condemning. if evil thence ensue. \ 280 Paradise Lost . Thus they in mutual accusation spent The fruitless hours.And. She first his weak indulgence will accuse.

Much wondering how the subtle Fiend had stolen Entrance unseen. Her husband she. and sad. in all things wise and just. had perverted Eve. Up into Heaven from Paradise in haste The angelick guards ascended. not to taste that fruit.Book X M ean while the heinous and despiteful act Of Satan. Was known in Heaven. which they not obeying. manifold in sin. yet. The high injunction. For still they knew. and how He. Hindered not Satan to attempt the mind Of Man. to taste the fatal fruit. or deceive his heart Omniscient? who. Soon as the unwelcome news From Earth arrived at Heaven-gate. for what can ‘scape the eye Of God all-seeing. with strength entire and free will 281 . dim sadness did not spare That time celestial visages. done in Paradise. Complete to have discovered and repulsed Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. deserved to fall. For Man. displeased All were who heard. mute. (Incurred what could they less?) the penalty. in the serpent. for of his state by this they knew. and ought to have still remembered. Whoever tempted. mixed Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And.

from his secret cloud. Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth. ere day end. no decree of mine Concurring to necessitate his fall. But fallen he is. Which your sincerest care could not prevent. their utmost vigilance And easily approved. violated not their bliss. but soon shall find Forbearance no acquittance. and now What rests. Assembled Angels. Man should be seduced. but that the mortal sentence pass On his transgression. Amidst in thunder uttered thus his voice. to hear and know How all befel: They towards the throne supreme.With pity. Or touch with lightest moment of impulse His free will. to her own inclining left In even scale. And flattered out of all. 282 Paradise Lost . Foretold so lately what would come to pass. as he feared.—death denounced that day? Which he presumes already vain and void. be not dismayed. I told ye then he should prevail. About the new-arrived. When first this tempter crossed the gulf from Hell. Accountable. believing lies Against his Maker. made haste. in multitudes The ethereal people ran. to make appear. Because not yet inflicted. By some immediate stroke. when the Most High Eternal Father. and ye Powers returned From unsuccessful charge. With righteous plea. and speed On his bad errand.

nor train. Attendance none shall need. but the judged. unfolding bright Toward the right hand his glory. that I may mitigate their doom On me derived.Justice shall not return as bounty scorned. and. yet I shall temper so Justice with mercy. for so I undertook Before thee. And destined Man himself to judge Man fallen. thy Son beloved. that thou in me. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Father Eternal. But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee. the worst on me must light. When time shall be. both in Heaven and Earth. and thus divinely answered 283 . Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferred All judgement. Mayest ever rest well pleased. So spake the Father. where none Are to behold the judgement. his Mediator. not repenting. on the Son Blazed forth unclouded Deity: He full Resplendent all his Father manifest Expressed. whether in Heaven. or Earth. his designed Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary. Those two. and thee appease. I go to judge On earth these thy transgressours. Whoever judged. as may illustrate most Them fully satisfied. and. Mine. or Hell. this obtain Of right. sending thee Man’s friend. but thou knowest. to do thy will Supreme. thine is to decree. Easy it may be seen that I intend Mercy colleague with justice. the third best absent is condemned.

Where obvious duty ere while appeared unsought: Or come I less conspicuous. though with swiftest minutes winged. To fan the earth now waked. And from his presence hid themselves among The thickest trees. 284 Paradise Lost . while day declined. and with him Eve. both man and wife. Princedoms. Not pleased. they heard. To sentence Man: The voice of God they heard Now walking in the garden. Approaching. and usher in The evening cool. more loth. Thus saying. though first To offend. by soft winds Brought to their ears. Came the mild Judge. Love was not in their looks. Accompanied to Heaven-gate. from wrath more cool. Adam. wont with joy to meet My coming seen far off? I miss thee here. or what change Absents thee. discountenanced both. Where art thou. and rebel to all law: Conviction to the serpent none belongs. Down he descended straight. till God. and Powers. from his radiant seat he rose Of high collateral glory: Him Thrones. and discomposed. thus entertained with solitude. either to God. Now was the sun in western cadence low From noon. and Intercessour both. the speed of Gods Time counts not. and all the coast. from whence Eden. thus to Adam called aloud. or what chance detains?—Come forth! He came.Convict by flight. due at their hour. when he. and Dominations ministrant. in prospect lay. and gentle airs.

Whose failing. being naked. But still rejoiced. the partner of my life. and calamitous constraint. be all Devolved. who Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree. and of thy voice Afraid. and not expose to blame By my complaint: but strict necessity Subdues me. And shame. so divine. and hast not feared. but apparent guilt. Lest on my head both sin and punishment. how is it now become So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked. yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. and hate. while her faith to me remains. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. thus answered brief. whom thou madest to be my help. I heard thee in the garden. And gavest me as thy perfect gift. and perturbation. and obstinacy. so good. To whom The gracious Judge without revile replied. faltering long. I should conceal. My voice thou oft hast heard. O Heaven! in evil strait this day I stand Before my Judge. So fit. and guile.— This Woman.Or to each other. Anger. though should I hold my peace. so acceptable. Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat? To whom thus Adam sore beset replied. Whence Adam. However insupportable. That from her hand I could suspect no ill. or to accuse My other self. either to undergo Myself the total 285 . hid myself. and despair.

without delay To judgement he proceeded on the accused Serpent. Unseemly to bear rule. and the place Wherein God set thee above her made of thee. and I did eat. Which when the Lord God heard. Woman. Confessing soon. So having said. Superiour. Say. and I did eat. he thus to Eve in few. and her gifts Were such. As vitiated in nature: More to know 286 Paradise Lost . To whom the Sovran Presence thus replied. whose perfection far excelled Hers in all real dignity? Adorned She was indeed. with shame nigh overwhelmed. not thy subjection. Was she thy God. what is this which thou hast done? To whom sad Eve. as under government well seemed. that her thou didst obey Before his voice? or was she made thy guide. She gave me of the tree. hadst thou known thyself aright. justly then accursed. and lovely. though brute. who made him instrument Of mischief.And what she did. Her doing seemed to justify the deed. And for thee. and polluted from the end Of his creation. The Serpent me beguiled. to attract Thy love. or but equal. unable to transfer The guilt on him. which was thy part And person. that to her Thou didst resign thy manhood. yet not before her Judge Bold or loquacious. whatever in itself. thus abashed replied.

Saw Satan fall. second Eve. Thy sorrow I will greatly multiply By thy conception. 287 . with ascension bright. Even he. Upon thy belly groveling thou shalt go. Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife. Son of Mary. On Adam last thus judgement he pronounced. who now foretold his fatal bruise. thou art accursed Above all cattle.Concerned not Man. and between thine and her seed. Between thee and the woman I will put Enmity. Because thou hast done this. yet God at last To Satan first in sin his doom applied. Her seed shall bruise thy head. each beast of the field. The realm itself of Satan. triumphed In open show. thou bruise his heel. he over thee shall rule. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and. children thou shalt bring In sorrow forth. Captivity led captive through the air. and to thy husband’s will Thine shall submit. Whom he shall tread at last under our feet. Prince of the air. So spake this oracle. (since he no further knew) Nor altered his offence. like lightning. judged as then best: And on the Serpent thus his curse let fall. long usurped. down from Heaven. Though in mysterious terms. And to the Woman thus his sentence turned. rising from his grave Spoiled Principalities and Powers. then verified When Jesus. And dust shalt eat all the days of thy life.

for thou Out of the ground wast taken. Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee forth Unbid. know thy birth. Into his blissful bosom reassumed In glory. though all-knowing. To him with swift ascent he up returned. Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. what had passed with Man 288 Paradise Lost . concerning which I charged thee. And thought not much to clothe his enemies. so now. all the days of thy life. or slain. disdained not to begin Thenceforth the form of servant to assume. Thou shalt not eat thereof: Cursed is the ground for thy sake. As when he washed his servants feet. saying. pitying how they stood Before him naked to the air. much more. both Judge and Saviour sent. as of old. he clad Their nakedness with skins of beasts. then. that now Must suffer change. to him appeased All. Removed far off. covered from his Father’s sight.And eaten of the tree. but inward nakedness. So judged he Man. and shalt to dust return. and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. thou in sorrow Shalt eat thereof. denounced that day. Nor he their outward only with the skins Of beasts. Arraying. For dust thou art. Opprobrious. with his robe of righteousness. As father of his family. Till thou return unto the ground. And the instant stroke of death.

our great author. must with me along. whatever draws me on. In counterview within the gates. O Son. and happier seat provides For us. if mishap. Powerful at greatest distance to unite. my shade Inseparable. while Satan. thrives In other worlds. let us try Adventurous work. Ere this he had returned. ere thus was sinned and judged on Earth. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise. With secret amity. mixing intercession sweet. But. since the Fiend passed through. yet to thy power and mine Not unagreeable. why sit we here each other viewing Idly. things of like kind. By secretest conveyance. Wings growing. Within the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death. belching outrageous flame Far into Chaos. impervious. to found a path Free eBooks at Planet eBook. For Death from Sin no power can separate. 289 . Or sympathy. or their revenge. and dominion given me large Beyond this deep. his offspring dear? It cannot be But that success attends him.Recounted. since no place like this Can fit his punishment. who thus now to Death began. that now Stood open wide. Mean while. with fury driven By his avengers. or some connatural force. Sin opening. lest the difficulty of passing back Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Impassable.

Flew diverse. nor err The way. with delight he snuffed the smell Of mortal change on earth. to a field. Go. I shall not lag behind. lured With scent of living carcasses designed For death. for intercourse. Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Then both from out Hell-gates. such a scent I draw Of carnage. Easing their passage hence. Where Satan now prevails. whither Fate. what they met 290 Paradise Lost . Against the day of battle. though many a league remote. and with power (their power was great) Hovering upon the waters. Or transmigration. thou leading. As when a flock Of ravenous fowl. as their lot shall lead. and upturned His nostril wide into the murky air. Whom thus the meager Shadow answered soon. into the waste Wide anarchy of Chaos. prey innumerable. and inclination strong. Leads thee. so strongly drawn By this new-felt attraction and instinct.Over this main from Hell to that new world. the following day. So saying. and taste The savour of death from all things there that live: Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Be wanting. come flying. Where armies lie encamped. Nor can I miss the way. a monument Of merit high to all the infernal host. damp and dark. but afford thee equal aid. in bloody fight: So scented the grim Feature.

inoffensive. The aggregated soil Death with his mace petrifick. As with a trident. over Hellespont Bridging his way. following the track Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Deep to the roots of Hell the gathered beach They fastened. Over the vexed abyss. together drive Mountains of ice. easy. smote. and the mole immense wrought on Over the foaming deep high-arched. Smooth. blowing adverse Upon the Cronian sea. Forfeit to Death. a ridge of pendant rock. And with Asphaltick slime. and fixed as firm As Delos. And scourged with many a stroke the indignant waves. his Memnonian palace high. together crouded drove. if great things to small may be compared. Europe with Asia joined. floating once. down to Hell. Xerxes. that stop the imagined way Beyond Petsora eastward. from hence a passage 291 . cold and dry. to the rich Cathaian coast. joining to the wall Immoveable of this now fenceless world. a bridge Of length prodigious. the liberty of Greece to yoke. broad as the gate. From Susa. Now had they brought the work by wonderous art Pontifical.Solid or slimy. As when two polar winds. as in raging sea Tost up and down. From each side shoaling towards the mouth of Hell. So. Came to the sea: and. the rest his look Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move.

Hell With long reach interposed. and. three several ways In sight. terrified He fled. though all unweeting. fearing. and listening where the hapless pair Sat in their sad discourse. 292 Paradise Lost . but when he saw descend The Son of God to judge them. Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering His zenith.Of Satan to the self-same place where he First lighted from his wing. though in disguise. and. that past. changing shape. unminded slunk Into the wood fast by. behold! Satan. while the sun in Aries rose: Disguised he came. He. and various plaint. saw their shame that sought Vain covertures. To Paradise first tending. not hoping to escape. And of this World. but those his children dear Their parent soon discerned. seconded Upon her husband. but shun The present. returned By night. after Eve seduced. on the left hand. saw his guileful act By Eve. To observe the sequel. to each of these three places led. when. to the outside bare Of this round world: With pins of adamant And chains they made all fast. and landed safe From out of Chaos. guilty. too fast they made And durable! And now in little space The confines met of empyrean Heaven. in likeness of an Angel bright. And now their way to Earth they had descried. what his wrath Might suddenly inflict.

near the foot Of this new wonderous pontifice. with this thy son. his offspring dear. the dark abyss. but straight I felt. And at the brink of Chaos. which understood Not instant. With this portentous bridge. till Sin. Thou hast achieved our liberty. unhoped Met. That thou on earth hadst prospered. these are thy magnifick 293 . thy virtue hath won Free eBooks at Planet eBook. thus the silence broke. confined Within Hell-gates till now. Though distant from thee worlds between. That I must after thee. with joy And tidings fraught. to Hell he now returned.Thence gathered his own doom. his fair Enchanting daughter. and overlay. and at sight Of that stupendious bridge his joy encreased. which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine. O Parent. Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure Detain from following thy illustrious track. who to meet him came. joined in connexion sweet. My heart. and prime architect: For I no sooner in my heart divined. which thy looks Now also evidence. Thine now is all this world. Thy trophies! which thou viewest as not thine own. Great joy was at their meeting. Long he admiring stood. yet felt. but of future time. Thou art their author. thou us impowered To fortify thus far. Such fatal consequence unites us three! Hell could no longer hold us in our bounds.

from thy orbicular world. Chiefly on Man. His quadrature. right down to Paradise descend. Whom thus the Prince of darkness answered glad. High proof ye now have given to be the race Of Satan (for I glory in the name. thy wisdom gained With odds what war hath lost. To my associate Powers. There didst not. of all The infernal empire. that so near Heaven’s door Triumphal with triumphal act have met. among these numerous orbs. them to acquaint With these successes. one continent Of easy thorough-fare.What thy hands builded not. and reign in bliss. from this new world Retiring. while I Descend through darkness. As battle hath adjudged. and with them rejoice. 294 Paradise Lost . and made one realm. by his own doom alienated. there let him still victor sway. Hell and this world. Antagonist of Heaven’s Almighty King. thence on the earth Dominion exercise and in the air. Therefore. one realm. with this glorious work. on your road with ease. There dwell. and thou Son and Grandchild both. You two this way.) Amply have merited of me. Fair Daughter. All yours. Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne. and fully avenged Our foil in Heaven. And henceforth monarchy with thee divide Of all things. parted by the empyreal bounds. here thou shalt monarch reign. Mine. sole lord of all declared.

go. and lastly kill. And with rebounding surge the bars assailed. about the walls Of Pandemonium. the blasted stars looked wan.Him first make sure your 295 . My substitutes I send ye. the rest were all Far to the inland retired. so he Departing gave command. they with speed Their course through thickest constellations held. for those. The other way Satan went down The causey to Hell-gate: On either side Disparted Chaos overbuilt exclaimed. and they observed. of matchless might Issuing from me: on your joint vigour now My hold of this new kingdom all depends. If your joint power prevail. Through Sin to Death exposed by my exploit. Spreading their bane. And planets. and create Plenipotent on earth. Satan passed. solicitous what chance Might intercept their emperour sent. the affairs of Hell No detriment need fear. so by allusion called Of that bright star to Satan paragoned. and be strong! So saying he dismissed them. Flown to the upper world. real eclipse Then suffered. There kept their watch the legions. Appointed to sit there. while the Grand In council sat. had left their charge. And all about found desolate. That scorned his indignation: Through the gate. Wide open and unguarded. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. planet-struck. city and proud seat Of Lucifer.

and round about him saw unseen: At last. and with these words attention. or false glitter: All amazed At that so sudden blaze the Stygian throng Bent their aspect. the late Heaven-banished host. By Astracan. and whom they wished beheld. In show plebeian Angel militant Of lowest order. as from a cloud. his fulgent head And shape star-bright appeared. reduced in careful watch Round their metropolis. over the snowy plains. Raised from their dark Divan. which. who with hand Silence. and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer. Down a while He sat. from the search Of foreign worlds: He through the midst unmarked. at the upper end Was placed in regal lustre. Their mighty Chief returned: loud was the acclaim: Forth rushed in haste the great consulting peers. leaves all waste beyond The realm of Aladule. and with like joy Congratulant approached him. in his retreat To Tauris or Casbeen: So these. and from the door Of that Plutonian hall. won. left desart utmost Hell Many a dark league.As when the Tartar from his Russian foe. invisible Ascended his high throne. from the horns Of Turkish crescent. passed. 296 Paradise Lost . clad With what permissive glory since his fall Was left him. Retires. under state Of richest texture spread. or brighter. or Bactrin Sophi.

a fabrick wonderful Of absolute perfection! therein Man Placed in a Paradise. the house of woe. plunged in the womb Of unoriginal Night and Chaos wild. he. to lead ye forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable. thence how I found The new created world. with clamorous uproar Protesting Fate supreme. jealous of their secrets. a spacious world. vast. and declare ye now. Princedoms. Long were to tell What I have done. what suffered. worth your laughter! hath given up Free eBooks at Planet eBook.with what pain Voyaged th’ unreal. to our native Heaven Little inferiour. fiercely opposed My journey strange. accursed. As Lords. with an apple. thereat Offended. Dominations. which fame in Heaven Long had foretold. To expedite your glorious march. not only of right. That. Virtues. the more to encrease Your wonder. returned Successful beyond hope. by our exile Made happy: Him by fraud I have seduced From his Creator. unbounded deep Of horrible confusion. And dungeon of our tyrant: Now 297 . and. For in possession such. Powers. over which By Sin and Death a broad way now is paved. forced to ride The untractable abyss.Thrones. I call ye. but I Toiled out my uncouth passage. by my adventure hard With peril great achieved.

but the brute serpent in whose shape Man I deceived: that which to me belongs. his legs entwining Each other. According to his doom: he would have spoke. His seed. Or much more grievous pain?—Ye have the account Of my performance: What remains. I am to bruise his heel. and high applause. True is.Both his beloved Man. ye Gods. wondering at himself now more. and all his world. he hears On all sides. His arms clung to his ribs. 298 Paradise Lost . but not long Had leisure. Reluctant. Is enmity which he will put between Me and mankind. A dismal universal hiss. To fill his ear. a while he stood. or rather Me not. a greater power Now ruled him. and over Man To rule. when. labour. me also he hath judged. punished in the shape he sinned. To Sin and Death a prey. he wondered. the sound Of publick scorn. shall bruise my head: A world who would not purchase with a bruise. from innumerable tongues. and to dwell. or alarm. Without our hazard. and enter now into full bliss? So having said. and so to us. contrary. till supplanted down he fell A monstrous serpent on his belly prone. expecting Their universal shout. as over all he should have ruled. To range in. but in vain. His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare. But up. when is not set.

Hydrus. And the dire hiss renewed. and the dire form Catched. to serpents all. now changing. horrour on them fell. and Asp. larger than whom the sun Ingendered in the Pythian vale or slime. in station stood or just array. As in their crime. And Dipsas. issuing forth to the open field. Scorpion. triumph to shame Free eBooks at Planet eBook. They felt themselves. Now Dragon grown. thick swarming now With complicated monsters head and tail. like in punishment.) but still greatest he the midst. but other sight instead! a croud Of ugly serpents. Thus was the applause they meant. what they saw. And horrid sympathy. Huge Python. Cerastes horned. or the isle Ophiusa. Down fell both spear and shield. down their arms. and Amphisbaena dire. they all Him followed. Sublime with expectation when to see In triumph issuing forth their glorious Chief. as accessories To his bold riot: Dreadful was the din Of hissing through the hall. Heaven-fallen. for. Turned to exploding hiss. by contagion. for now were all transformed 299 . and Elops drear. down they as fast. They saw.But hiss for hiss returned with forked tongue To forked tongue. Where all yet left of that revolted rout. (not so thick swarmed once the soil Bedropt with blood of Gorgon. and his power no less he seemed Above the rest still to retain.

so oft they fell Into the same illusion. to work them further woe or shame. not the touch. and. long and ceaseless hiss. fondly thinking to allay Their appetite with gust. Thus were they plagued And worn with famine. sprung up with this their change. not as Man Whom they triumphed once lapsed. 300 Paradise Lost . imagining For one forbidden tree a multitude Now risen. With hatefullest disrelish writhed their jaws. up the trees Climbing. His will who reigns above. This more delusive. they resumed. like that which grew Near that bituminous lake where Sodom flamed. laden with fair fruit. drugged as oft. parched with scalding thirst and hunger fierce.Cast on themselves from their own mouths. could not abstain. Hunger and thirst constraining. Yet. but taste Deceived. they. There stood A grove hard by. With soot and cinders filled. sat thicker than the snaky locks That curled Megaera: greedily they plucked The fruitage fair to sight. which the offended taste With spattering noise rejected: oft they assayed. like that Which grew in Paradise. Though to delude them sent. Till their lost shape. instead of fruit Chewed bitter ashes. the bait of Eve Used by the Tempter: on that prospect strange Their earnest eyes they fixed. to aggravate Their penance. But on they rolled in heaps. permitted.

and thyself half starved? Whom thus the Sin-born monster answered soon. now in body. who with eternal famine pine. However. Unnamed. of their purchase got. ere yet Dictaean Jove was born. Second of Satan 301 . Close following pace for pace. Thou therefore on these herbs. not mounted yet On his pale horse: to whom Sin thus began. and joy. not better far Than still at Hell’s dark threshold to have sat watch. And fabled how the Serpent. Alike is Hell. Which here. whom they called Ophion. undreaded. Once actual. there in power before. and fruits. all-conquering Death! What thinkest thou of our empire now. behind her Death. To dash their pride. or Paradise. the wide— Encroaching Eve perhaps. To whom the incestuous mother thus replied. Mean while in Paradise the hellish pair Too soon arrived. had first the rule Of high Olympus. where most with ravine I may meet. some tradition they dispersed Among the Heathen. with Eurynome.Yearly enjoined. for Man seduced. all too little seems To stuff this maw. This annual humbling certain numbered days. and to dwell Habitual habitant. and flowers. Sin. There best. to undergo. To me. or Heaven. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. thence by Saturn driven And Ops. this vast unhide-bound corps. some say. though plenteous. though earned With travel difficult.

so doth the Prince of Hell And his adherents. crammed and gorged. His thoughts. they both betook them several ways. in Man residing. that with so much ease I suffer them to enter and possess A place so heavenly. his looks. through the race. whatever thing The sithe of Time mows down. and.Feed first. and for destruction to mature Sooner or later. with what heat these dogs of Hell advance To waste and havock yonder world. and fowl. Till I. which I So fair and good created. on each beast next. And season him thy last and sweetest prey. who impute Folly to me. as if. That laugh. had not the folly of Man Let in these wasteful furies. and had still Kept in that state. devour unspared. And know not that I called. conniving. At random yielded up to their misrule. or unimmortal make All kinds. From his transcendent seat the Saints among. nigh burst 302 Paradise Lost . til. to lick up the draff and filth Which Man’s polluting sin with taint hath shed On what was pure. actions. This said. No homely morsels! and. and drew them thither. I to them had quitted all. To those bright Orders uttered thus his voice. words. which the Almighty seeing. See. seem To gratify my scornful enemies. My Hell-hounds. Both to destroy. all infect. transported with some fit Of passion. and fish.

at last. from the south to bring Solstitial summer’s heat. gave them several charge. and the heavenly audience loud Sung Halleluiah. at one sling Of thy victorious arm. by whom New Heaven and Earth shall to the ages rise. He ended. Through Chaos hurled.With sucked and glutted offal. square. To the blanc moon Her office they prescribed. the curse pronounced on both precedes. As might affect the earth with cold and heat Scarce 303 . In sextile. that shall receive no stain: Till then. to the other five Their planetary motions. and trine. and seal up his ravenous jaws. well-pleasing Son. and aspects. and taught the fixed Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Who can extenuate thee? Next. and Death. The sun Had first his precept so to move. Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways. and opposite. to the Son. Righteous are thy decrees on all thy works. While the Creator. Of noxious efficacy. calling forth by name His mighty Angels.—Such was their song. obstruct the mouth of Hell For ever. Or down from Heaven descend. As sorted best with present things. and from the north to call Decrepit winter. and when to join In synod unbenign. so shine. and yawning Grave. Then Heaven and Earth renewed shall be made pure To sanctity. Both Sin. as the sound of seas. Destined Restorer of mankind.

the sun Was bid turn reins from the equinoctial road Like distant breadth to Taurus with the seven Atlantick Sisters. Which of them rising with the sun. as from Thyestean banquet. to bring in change Of seasons to each clime. air. the thunder when to roll With terrour through the dark aereal hall. Some say. Up to the Tropick Crab: thence down amain By Leo. and south as far Beneath Magellan. in their sight Had rounded still the horizon.Their influence malignant when to shower. which had forbid the snow From cold Estotiland. to them day Had unbenighted shone. else. Should prove tempestuous: To the winds they set Their corners. how had the world Inhabited. and shore. and not known Or east or west. turned His course intended. Equal in days and nights. and the Virgin. 304 Paradise Lost . As deep as Capricorn. more than now. he bid his Angels turn ascanse The poles of earth. and the Spartan Twins. twice ten degrees and more. they with labour pushed Oblique the centrick globe: Some say. From the sun’s axle. though sinless. and the Scales. when with bluster to confound Sea. while the low sun. except to those Beyond the polar circles. At that tasted fruit The sun. or falling. To recompense his distance. else had the spring Perpetual smiled on earth with vernant flowers.

And. Daughter of Sin. but Discord first. To sorrow abandoned. Vapour. among the irrational Death introduced. Corrupt and pestilent: Now from the north Of Norumbega. Boreas. Devoured each other. through fierce antipathy: Beast now with beast ‘gan war. And snow. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and hail. Thus to disburden sought with sad complaint. and the Samoed shore. nor stood much in awe Of Man. These were from without The growing miseries. and Afer black with thunderous clouds From Serraliona. as fierce. armed with ice. And Thrascias. Glared on him passing. with their lateral noise. rend the woods. sideral blast. to graze the herb all leaving. and 305 . Eurus and Zephyr. And fish with fish. and Caecias. With adverse blast upturns them from the south Notus. produced Like change on sea and land. or. and Argestes loud. and seas upturn. but fled him. and stormy gust and flaw. though hid in gloomiest shade.Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat? These changes in the Heavens. thwart of these. Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds. which Adam saw Already in part. and exhalation hot. though slow. in a troubled sea of passion tost. but worse felt within. Thus began Outrage from lifeless things. with countenance grim. Sirocco and Libecchio. Bursting their brazen dungeon. and fowl with fowl.

besides Mine own that bide upon me. dear bought with lasting woes! Did I request thee. I deserved it. For this we may thank Adam! but his thanks Shall be the execration: so. On me. O voice. Or multiply. Is propagated curse. of blessed? hide me from the face Of God. if here would end The misery. O fleeting joys Of Paradise. whom to behold was then my highth Of happiness!—Yet well. and would bear My own deservings. feeling The evil on him brought by me. but this will not serve: All that I eat or drink. 306 Paradise Lost . will curse My head? Ill fare our ancestor impure. all from me Shall with a fierce reflux on me rebound. or shall beget. it were but right And equal to reduce me to my dust. Encrease and multiply. Maker. once heard Delightfully. but. who now become Accursed. Now death to hear! for what can I encrease. light Heavy.O miserable of happy! Is this the end Of this new glorious world. or here place In this delicious garden? As my will Concurred not to my being. and me so late The glory of that glory. as on their natural center. though in their place. from my clay To mould me Man? did I solicit thee From darkness to promote me. but curses on my head? Who of all ages to succeed.

his dreadful voice no more Would thunder in my ears. To the loss of that. And sleep secure. who knows But I shall die a living death? O thought Horrid. Or in some other dismal place. would torment me With cruel expectation. Yet one doubt Pursues me still. But mortal doomed. in the grave. Man is not so. For though the Lord of all be infinite. lest all I cannot die. since human reach no further knows. How can he exercise Free eBooks at Planet eBook. cannot together perish With this corporeal clod. no fear of worse To me. why hast thou added The sense of endless woes? Inexplicable Why am I mocked with death.Desirous to resign and render back All I received. and to my offspring. Is his wrath also? Be it. the spirit of Man Which God inspired. and lengthened out To deathless pain? How gladly would I meet Mortality my 307 . unable to perform Thy terms too hard. Sufficient penalty. All of me then shall die: let this appease The doubt. Lest that pure breath of life. if true! Yet why? It was but breath Of life that sinned. by which I was to hold The good I sought not. what dies but what had life And sin? The body properly had neither. and be earth Insensible! How glad would lay me down As in my mother’s lap! There I should rest. then.

By which all causes else. Will he draw out. were I able To waste it all myself. and so last To perpetuity. But say That death be not one stroke. Not to the extent of their own sphere. which I feel begun Both in me. But all corrupt. why should all mankind. both mind and will depraved 308 Paradise Lost . in me all Posterity stands cursed: Fair patrimony That I must leave ye. to satisfy his rigour. thus guiltless be condemned. but endless misery From this day onward. finite to infinite. which to God himself Impossible is held. Nor I on my part single. as I supposed. Satisfied never? That were to extend His sentence beyond dust and Nature’s law. as argument Of weakness. For anger’s sake. according still To the reception of their matter. In punished Man. now your curse! Ah. not of power. and leave ye none! So disinherited. and incorporate both. whom death must end? Can he make deathless death? That were to make Strange contradiction. how would you bless Me.Wrath without end on Man. It guiltless? But from me what can proceed. and without me. Sons! O. act. Bereaving sense. both Death and I Am found eternal. For one man’s fault.—Ay me!that fear Comes thundering back with dreadful revolution On my defenceless head.

but with black air Accompanied. after all disputes. though through mazes. O Conscience! into what abyss of fears And horrours hast thou driven me. out of which I find no way. on the cold ground. with damps. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. alike destroys all hope Of refuge. and concludes thee miserable Beyond all past example and future. To Satan only like both crime and doom. Which to his evil conscience represented All things with double terrour: On the ground Outstretched he lay. and cool. Death as oft accused Of tardy execution. as the source and spring Of all corruption. from deep to deeper plunged! Thus Adam to himself lamented loud. Than all the world much heavier. Why comes not Death. me only. and dreadful gloom. and oft Cursed his creation. but to will the same With me? How can they then acquitted stand In sight of God? Him. not now. And reasonings. what thou desirest. and mild. So might the wrath! Fond wish!couldst thou support That burden. though divided With that bad Woman? Thus. lead me still But to my own conviction: first and last On me. heavier than the earth to bear. Wholesome. as ere Man fell. And what thou fearest. all the blame lights 309 . since denounced The day of his offence. Forced I absolve: all my evasions vain. Through the still night.Not to do only.

and resound far other song. approaching nigh. pretended To hellish falshood. thou Serpent! That name best Befits thee with him leagued. but that thy shape. Desolate where she sat. imagined wise. with one thrice-acceptable stroke To end me? Shall Truth fail to keep her word. thyself as false And hateful. by him thou.Said he. Out of my sight. 310 Paradise Lost . And understood not all was but a show. may show Thy inward fraud. O fountains. Though by the Devil himself. Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed: But her with stern regard he thus repelled. had not thy pride And wandering vanity. snare them! But for thee I had persisted happy. longing to be seen. and colour serpentine.— Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld. nothing wants. I by thee To trust thee from my side. and disdained Not to be trusted. when least was safe. mature. Rejected my forewarning. Constant. proof against all assaults. him overweening To over-reach. Justice Divine not hasten to be just? But Death comes not at call. lest that too heavenly form. and bowers! With other echo late I taught your shades To answer. to warn all creatures from thee Henceforth. with the serpent meeting. hillocks. O woods. dales. but. Like his. Fooled and beguiled. Justice Divine Mends not her slowest pace for prayers or cries.

already linked and wedlock-bound To a fell adversary. And strait conjunction with this sex: for either He never shall find out fit mate. as Angels. as now 311 . or his happiest choice too late Shall meet. Well if thrown out. embracing them. as supernumerary To my just number found. Creator wise. More to the part sinister. create at last This novelty on earth. innumerable Disturbances on earth through female snares. but such As some misfortune brings him. without feminine. from me drawn. with tears that ceased not flowing And tresses all disordered. this fair defect Of nature. or. And more that shall befall. O! why did God. Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain Through her perverseness. all but a rib Crooked by nature. He added not. bent. or mistake. Or find some other way to generate Mankind? This mischief had not been befallen. and houshold peace confound. besought Free eBooks at Planet eBook. that peopled highest Heaven With Spirits masculine. if she love. withheld By parents. his hate or shame: Which infinite calamity shall cause To human life. and not fill the world at once With Men. at his feet Fell humble.Rather than solid virtue. and from her turned. Not so repulsed. but shall see her gained By a far worse. but Eve. and.

me only. And to the place of judgement will return. bereave me not. sole cause to thee of all this woe. I against God and thee. As joined in injuries. thy aid. and sole delight. just object of his ire! She ended weeping. and her lowly plight.His peace. in Adam wrought Commiseration: Soon his heart relented Towards her. Forsake me not thus. Whither shall I betake me. and thus proceeded in her plaint. in this uttermost distress. and clasp thy knees. Adam! witness Heaven What love sincere. Whereon I live.but thou Against God only. from thy head removed. where subsist? While yet we live. and unweeting have offended. Between us two let there be peace. Immoveable. that all The sentence. me than thyself More miserable! Both have sinned. Unhappily deceived! Thy suppliant I beg. 312 Paradise Lost . thy gentle looks. his life so late. and reverence in my heart I bear thee. That cruel Serpent: On me exercise not Thy hatred for this misery befallen. Me. scarce one short hour perhaps. till peace obtained from fault Acknowledged and deplored. On me already lost. There with my cries importune Heaven. Thy counsel. both joining. one enmity Against a foe by doom express assigned us. may light On me. My only strength and stay: Forlorn of thee.

So now of what thou knowest not. Will prove no sudden. A long day’s dying. Found so erroneous. Adam. Since this day’s death denounced. Unwary. To whom thus Eve. Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven. whom she had displeased. who desirest The punishment all on thyself. Creature so fair his reconcilement seeking. if aught I see. to augment our pain. whose thou feelest as yet least part. in our share of woe. as before. And thus with peaceful words upraised her soon. but strive In offices of love. Free eBooks at Planet 313 . and too desirous. recovering heart. And my displeasure bearest so ill. thence by just event Found so unfortunate: Nevertheless. and by me exposed. blamed enough elsewhere. his anger all he lost. but a slow-paced evil. his aid: As one disarmed. ill able to sustain His full wrath. nor blame Each other. how we may lighten Each other’s burden.—let us no more contend. To me committed. And to our seed (O hapless seed!) derived. If prayers Could alter high decrees. That on my head all might be visited. alas! Bear thine own first. replied. But rise.Now at his feet submissive in distress. by sad experiment I know How little weight my words with thee can find. I to that place Would speed before thee. His counsel. and be louder heard.

yet tolerable. Or end. to place Of new acceptance. Which must be born to certain woe. looking. loving. and miserable it is To be to others cause of misery. from thee I will not hide What thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen. to being yet unbegot. to abstain From love’s due rights. But if thou judge it hard and difficult. both ourselves and seed at once to free 314 Paradise Lost . As in our evils. though sharp and sad. yet ere conception to prevent The race unblest. Conversing. Childless thou art. hopeful to regain Thy love. in thy power It lies. Before the present object languishing With like desire. and of our loins to bring Into this cursed world a woeful race. vile as I am. Then. the sole contentment of my heart Living or dying. devoured By Death at last. That after wretched life must be at last Food for so foul a monster. And with desire to languish without hope. childless remain: so Death Shall be deceived his glut. and with us two Be forced to satisfy his ravenous maw. nuptial embraces sweet. Our own begotten. If care of our descent perplex us most. which would be misery And torment less than none of what we dread.Restored by thee. and of easier choice. Tending to some relief of our extremes.

with such counsel nothing swayed. To better hopes his more attentive mind Labouring had raised. Not thy contempt. and thus to Eve replied. he not found. or vehement despair Broke off the rest: so much of death her thoughts Had entertained. let us make short.From what we fear for both. doubt not but God Hath wiselier armed his vengeful ire. But Adam. — or. supply With our own hands his office on ourselves: Why stand we longer shivering under fears. So 315 . much more I fear lest death. rather. will not exempt us from the pain We are by doom to pay. thy contempt of life and pleasure seems To argue in thee something more sublime And excellent. refutes That excellence thought in thee. That show no end but death. — Let us seek Death. so thinking to evade The penalty pronounced. Of many ways to die the shortest choosing. as utmost end Of misery. such acts Of contumacy will provoke the Highest To make death in us live: Then let us seek Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Eve. and have the power. But self-destruction therefore sought. Destruction with destruction to destroy? — She ended here. Or if thou covet death. than so To be forestalled. and implies. but anguish and regret For loss of life and pleasure overloved. than what thy mind contemns. as dyed her cheeks with pale.

hath contrived Against us this deceit: To crush his head Would be revenge indeed! which will be lost By death brought on ourselves. with labour I must earn My bread. and judged. or childless days Resolved. Remember with what mild And gracious temper he both heard. when lo!to thee Pains only in child-bearing were foretold. And bringing forth. we expected Immediate dissolution. and wilful barrenness. and. that thy seed shall bruise The Serpent’s head. piteous amends! unless Be meant. Reluctance against God and his just yoke Laid on our necks. our grand foe. impatience and despite. Without wrath or reviling. as thou proposest. No more be mentioned then of violence Against ourselves. Fruit of thy womb: On me the curse aslope Glanced on the ground. and we Instead shall double ours upon our heads. Satan. lest cold Or heat should injure us. My labour will sustain me. so our foe Shal ‘scape his punishment ordained. whom I conjecture. soon recompensed with joy. who. and savours only Rancour and pride. his timely care 316 Paradise Lost . That cuts us off from hope. in the serpent. calling to mind with heed Part of our sentence. which we thought Was meant by death that day.Some safer resolution. which methinks I have in view. what harm? Idleness had been worse.

till we end In dust. ice. to the place Free eBooks at Planet eBook. hail. by collision of two bodies. pitying while he judged. and his hands Clothed us unworthy.Hath. grind The air attrite to fire. than. What better can we do. if we pray him. driven down Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine. And teach us further by what means to shun The inclement seasons. begins To show us in this mountain. And what may else be remedy or cure To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought. sustained By him with many comforts. And sends a comfortable heat from far. our final rest and native home. provided. and of grace Beseeching 317 . How much more. some better warmth to cherish Our limbs benummed. Or. with various face. whose thwart flame. while the winds Blow moist and keen. as late the clouds Justling. and his heart to pity incline. so as we need not fear To pass commodiously this life. He will instruct us praying. unbesought. shattering the graceful locks Of these fair spreading trees. Tine the slant lightning. Which might supply the sun: Such fire to use. rude in their shock. ere this diurnal star Leave cold the night. and snow! Which now the sky. which bids us seek Some better shroud. or pushed with winds. how we his gathered beams Reflected may with matter sere foment. will his ear Be open. rain.

in sign Of sorrow unfeigned. and humiliation meek 318 Paradise Lost . and with our sighs the air Frequenting. and there confess Humbly our faults. with tears Watering the ground. sent from hearts contrite. prostrate fall Before him reverent.Repairing where he judged us. and pardon beg.

and winged for Heaven with speedier flight Than loudest oratory: Yet their port Not of mean suitors.Book XI U ndoubtedly he will relent. prostrate fell Before him reverent. grace. for from the mercy-seat above Prevenient grace descending had removed The stony from their hearts. nor Eve Felt less remorse: they. What else but favour. forthwith to the place Repairing where he judged them. less ancient yet than these. with tears Watering the ground. in lowliest plight. Thus they. and both confessed Humbly their faults. and with their sighs the air Frequenting. which the Spirit of prayer Inspired. and mercy. than when the ancient pair In fables old. When angry most he seemed and most severe. and made new flesh Regenerate grow instead. and turn From his displeasure. in whose look serene. that sighs now breathed Unutterable. repentant stood Praying. and humiliation meek. in sign Of sorrow unfeigned. nor important less Seemed their 319 . Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha. and pardon begged. sent from hearts contrite. shone? So spake our father penitent. to restore Free eBooks at Planet eBook.

his advocate And propitiation. though sad. his doom. which in this golden censer mixed With incense. Good. from these receive The smell of peace toward mankind: let him live Before thee reconciled. till death. or not good.) 320 Paradise Lost . (which I To mitigate thus plead. came in sight Before the Father’s throne: them the glad Son Presenting. bend thine ear To supplication. all his works on me. these sighs And prayers. his own hand manuring. Unskilful with what words to pray. not to reverse. and for these my death shall pay. before the shrine Of Themis stood devout. hear his sighs. let me Interpret for him. then clad With incense. all the trees Of Paradise could have produced. ingraft. and. than those Which. at least his days Numbered. where the golden altar fumed. my merit those Shall perfect. See$ Father. Accept me.The race of mankind drowned. To Heaven their prayers Flew up. though mute. in me. from thy seed Sown with contrition in his heart. Fruits of more pleasing savour. by envious winds Blown vagabond or frustrate: in they passed Dimensionless through heavenly doors. what first-fruits on earth are sprung From thy implanted grace in Man. I thy priest before thee bring. me. By their great intercessour. thus to intercede began. ere fallen From innocence. nor missed the way. Now therefore.

as I with thee am one. Eject him. I. serene. Through Heaven’s wide bounds: from them I will not hide My 321 . The law I gave to Nature him forbids: Those pure immortal elements. Made one with me. Waked in the renovation of the just. longer in that Paradise to dwell. to air as gross. at first. To whom the Father. no unharmonious mixture foul. after life. Obtain.To better life shall yield him: where with me All my redeemed may dwell in joy and bliss. This other served but to eternize woe. to second life. how with mankind I proceed. And immortality: that fondly lost. that know. Tried in sharp tribulation. that first Distempered all things. and. and refined By faith and faithful works. with two fair gifts Created him endowed. Till I provided death: so death becomes His final remedy. And mortal food. tainted now. As a distemper. all thy request was my decree: But. and purge him off. Resigns him up with Heaven and Earth renewed. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. with happiness. as may dispose him best For dissolution wrought by sin. All thy request for Man. But let us call to synod all the Blest. and of incorrupt Corrupted. accepted Son. gross. without cloud. As how with peccant Angels late they saw. No gross.

like one of us Man is become To know both good and evil. repents. but let him boast His knowledge of good lost. By the waters of life. though firm. And live for ever. fountain or spring. to remove him I decree. He sorrows now. fitter soil. and eat. And took their seats. where’er they sat In fellowships of joy. stood more confirmed. Self-left. and evil not at all. and perhaps once more To sound at general doom. resorting to the summons high. The angelick blast Filled all the regions: from their blisful bowers Of amarantine shade. Happier! had it sufficed him to have known Good by itself. till from his throne supreme The Almighty thus pronounced his sovran will. His heart I know. dream at least to live For ever. the sons of light Hasted. and prays contrite. this my behest have thou in charge. Lest therefore his now bolder hand Reach also of the tree of life. O Sons.And in their state. and the Son gave signal high To the bright minister that watched. He ended. heard in Oreb since perhaps When God descended. My motions in him. since his taste Of that defended fruit. how variable and vain. 322 Paradise Lost . he blew His trumpet. and evil got. Michael. And send him from the garden forth to till The ground whence he was taken. longer than they move.

with him the cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim: four faces each Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and with tears Bewailing their excess. reveal To Adam what shall come in future days. from thence Perpetual banishment. and of a sword the flame Wide-waving. and to their progeny. Yet. and denounce To them. (For I behold them softened. From hallowed ground the unholy. Or in behalf of Man. though sorrowing. all approach far off to fright. some new trouble raise: Haste thee. yet in peace: And on the east side of the garden place. So send them forth. Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs. and the arch-angelick Power prepared For swift descent. and all my trees their prey. With whose stolen fruit Man once more to delude. As I shall thee enlighten. If patiently thy bidding they obey. intermix My covenant in the Woman’s seed renewed. and from the Paradise of God Without remorse drive out the sinful pair. He ceased.Take to thee from among the Cherubim Thy choice of flaming 323 . And guard all passage to the tree of life: Lest Paradise a receptacle prove To Spirits foul. or to invade Vacant possession. Dismiss them not disconsolate. Cherubick watch. lest the Fiend.) all terrour hide. lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urged.

Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewed. then not minded in dismay. Charmed with Arcadian pipe. but with fear yet linked. Kneeled.Had. that from us aught should ascend to Heaven So prevalent as to concern the mind Of God high-blest. or to incline his will. Which. But. Eve. new hope to spring Out of despair. For since I sought By prayer the offended Deity to appease. that all The good which we enjoy from Heaven descends. all their shape Spangled with eyes more numerous than those Of Argus. yet now Assures me that the bitterness of death 324 Paradise Lost . joy. Leucothea waked. Bending his ear. easily my faith admit. and with fresh dews imbalmed The earth. peace returned Home to my breast. and before him humbled all my heart. when Adam and first matron Eve Had ended now their orisons. that thy seed shall bruise our foe. and more wakeful than to drouse. yet this will prayer Or one short sigh of human breath. Methought I saw him placable and mild. To re-salute the world with sacred light. persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour. and to my memory His promise. the pastoral reed Of Hermes. Hard to belief may seem. Mean while. and found Strength added from above. or his opiate rod. upborne Even to the seat of God. like a double Janus.

who first brought death on all. Mother of all things living. But the field To labour calls us. Ill-worthy I such title should belong To me transgressour. next favourable thou. and we shall live. though in fallen state. What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks? Here let us live. Who highly thus to entitle me vouchsaf’st. to me reproach Rather belongs. mother of all mankind. impressed On bird. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. who. Far other name deserving. though now enjoined Laborious. Eve rightly called. All unconcerned with our unrest. am graced The source of life. Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. now with sweat imposed. Whence hail to thee. I never from thy side henceforth to stray. That I. To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek. and all dispraise: But infinite in pardon was my Judge. till day droop. for see!the morn. Where’er our day’s work lies. but Fate Subscribed not: Nature first gave signs.Is past. stooped from his aery tour. So spake. After short blush of morn. Though after sleepless night. distrust. content. air. and all things live for Man. became thy snare. so wished much humbled Eve. for thee ordained A 325 . since by thee Man is to live. beast. air suddenly eclipsed. while here we dwell. nigh in her sight The bird of Jove. begins Her rosy progress smiling: let us forth.

Not that more glorious. where he saw The field pavilioned with his guardians bright. And thither must return. haply too secure. some further change awaits us nigh. or to warn Us. Which Heaven. that we are dust. and on a hill made halt. And slow descends with something heavenly fraught? He erred not. and o’er the ground. First hunter then. and be no more? Why else this double object in our sight Of flight pursued in the air. shows Forerunners of his purpose. 326 Paradise Lost . A glorious apparition. had not doubt And carnal fear that day dimmed Adam’s eye. when the Angels met Jacob in Mahanaim. of our discharge From penalty. that draws O’er the blue firmament a radiant white. Who knows? or more than this. and with his eye the chase Pursuing. to Eve thus spake. One way the self-same hour? why in the east Darkness ere day’s mid-course. hart and hind. pursued a gentle brace. not unmoved. O Eve. and morning-light More orient in yon western cloud. and what till then our life. Direct to the eastern gate was bent their flight. by these mute signs in Nature. Goodliest of all the forest. because from death released Some days: how long. for by this the heavenly bands Down from a sky of jasper lighted now In Paradise. Adam observed.Down from a hill the beast that reigns in woods.

and. some great Potentate Or of the Thrones above. To find where Adam sheltered. that I should much confide. That I should fear. which on the flaming mount appeared In Dothan. War unproclaimed. Not in his shape celestial. who to Eve. assassin-like. and thou retire. by his gait. The princely Hierarch In their bright stand there left his Powers. With reverence I must meet. He ended: and the Arch-Angel soon drew nigh. nor sociably mild. had levied war. he alone. but as man Clad to meet man. took his way. Not unperceived of Adam. over his lucid arms A military vest of purple flowed.Nor that. From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill. Iris had dipt the woof. worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce. As Raphael. or impose New laws to be observed. whom not to offend. Livelier than Meliboean. One of the heavenly host. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. such majesty Invests him coming! yet not terrible. to seise Possession of the garden. or the grain Of Sarra. covered with a camp of fire. who to surprise One man. for I descry. Eve$ now expect great tidings. thus spake. None of the meanest. which perhaps Of us will soon determine. While the great visitant 327 . But solemn and sublime. Against the Syrian king.

Eve. with audible lament Discovered soon the place of her retire. 328 Paradise Lost . And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou wast taken. And one bad act with many deeds well done Mayest cover: Well may then thy Lord. from his state Inclined not. hung the sword. fitter soil. but his coming thus declared. Adam. Redeem thee quite from Death’s rapacious claim. Satan’s dire dread. O flowers. kingly. Quiet though sad. and Death. As in a glistering zodiack. who unseen Yet all had heard. Adam bowed low. That all his senses bound. native soil! these happy walks and shades. Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend.His starry helm unbuckled showed him prime In manhood where youth ended. he. Heaven’s high behest no preface needs: Sufficient that thy prayers are heard. He added not. for Adam at the news Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood. O unexpected stroke. worse than of Death! Must I thus leave thee$ Paradise? thus leave Thee. by his side. But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not: to remove thee I am come. appeased. Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress. and in his hand the spear. the respite of that day That must be mortal to us both. Defeated of his seisure many days Given thee of grace. wherein thou mayest repent.

thy tidings bring. and his scattered spirits 329 . and despair. And in performing end us. and gave ye names! Who now shall rear ye to the sun. but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost. or named Of them the highest. Celestial. nuptial bower! by me adorned With what to sight or smell was sweet! from thee How shall I part. Adam. Our frailty can sustain. To Michael thus his humble words addressed. Where he abides. and dejection.t even. Eve. or rank Your tribes. by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering. to this obscure And wild? how shall we breathe in other air Less pure. with thee goes Thy husband. for such of shape may seem Prince above princes! gently hast thou told Thy message. nor set thy heart. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. which might else in telling wound. what besides Of sorrow.That never will in other climate grow. and whither wander down Into a lower world. Thus over-fond. think there thy native soil. and water from the ambrosial fount? Thee lastly. and my last . My early visitation. Lament not. whom to follow thou art bound. accustomed to immortal fruits? Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild. whether among the Thrones. on that which is not thine: Thy going is not lonely. which I bred up with tender hand From the first opening bud.

here with him at this fountain talked: So many grateful altars I would rear Of grassy turf. As from his face I shall be hid. This most afflicts me.Departure from this happy place. among these pines his voice ‘I heard. and only consolation left Familiar to our eyes! all places else Inhospitable appear. if by prayer Incessant I could hope to change the will Of Him who all things can. and theron Offer sweet-smelling gums. or foot-step trace? For though I fled him angry. I now 330 Paradise Lost . departing hence. under this tree ‘Stood visible. and fruits. and pile up every stone Of lustre from the brook. yet recalled To life prolonged and promised race. Nor knowing us. Or monument to ages. and flowers: In yonder nether world where shall I seek His bright appearances. deprived His blessed countenance: Here I could frequent With worship place by place where he vouchsafed Presence Divine. I would not cease To weary him with my assiduous cries: But prayer against his absolute decree No more avails than breath against the wind. ‘On this mount he appeared. our sweet Recess. in memory. that. and desolate. and to my sons relate. nor known: And. Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth: Therefore to his great bidding I submit.

and to thy offspring: good with bad Expect to hear. supernal grace contending With sinfulness of men. Adam. and in plain. his Omnipresence fills Land.Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts Of glory. his face Express. brought down To dwell on even ground now with thy sons: Yet doubt not but in valley. and be confirmed Ere thou from hence depart. and every kind that lives. and of his steps the track divine. and all the Earth. to celebrate And reverence thee. know. and air. and of his presence many a sign Still following thee. their great progenitor. I am sent To show thee what shall come in future days To 331 . sea. No despicable gift. and will be found alike Present. But this pre-eminence thou hast lost. Which that thou mayest believe. and had hither come From all the ends of the earth. as here. from whence had spread All generations. Fomented by his virtual power and warmed: All the earth he gave thee to possess and rule. still compassing thee round With goodness and paternal love. or Eden: this had been Perhaps thy capital seat. To whom thus Michael with regard benign. God is. thou knowest Heaven his. and far off his steps adore. surmise not then His presence to these narrow bounds confined Of Paradise. thereby to learn Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Not this rock only.

332 Paradise Lost . nor wider looking round. and to the hand of Heaven submit. in clearest ken. and to temper joy with fear And pious sorrow. from whose top The hemisphere of earth. Ascend. Stretched out to the amplest reach of prospect lay. seat of Cathaian Can. It was a hill. Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead Safest thy life. while she to life was formed. and earn rest from labour won. for different cause.—Ascend This hill. let Eve (for I have drenched her eyes) Here sleep below. — So both ascend In the visions of God. the seat Of mightiest empire. equally inured By moderation either state to bear. If so I may attain. from the destined walls Of Cambalu. safe Guide. Not higher that hill. and their glory. His eye might there command wherever stood City of old or modern fame. Of Paradise the highest. Whereon. To show him all Earth’s kingdoms. As once thou sleptst. in the wilderness. And Samarchand by Oxus. and best prepared endure Thy mortal passage when it comes. to the evil turn My obvious breast. To whom thus Adam gratefully replied. while thou to foresight wakest. arming to overcome By suffering. the path Thou leadest me. the Tempter set Our second Adam. I follow thee. However chastening. Temir’s throne.True patience.

and Algiers. and Angola farthest south. Morocco. So deep the power of these ingredients pierced. On Europe thence. and Quiloa. and yet unspoiled Guiana. Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount The kingdoms of Almansor. to the realm Of Congo. the richer seat Of Atabalipa. or where The Persian in Ecbatan sat. whose great city Geryon’s sons Call El Dorado. or since In Hispahan. Which that false fruit that promised clearer sight Had bred. Even to the inmost seat of mental sight.To Paquin of Sinaean kings. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And from the well of life three drops instilled. and Tremisen. Fez and Sus. thought Ophir. Turchestan-born. then purged with euphrasy and rue The visual nerve. And Cusco in Peru. Down to the golden 333 . for he had much to see. and Melind. the seat of Montezume. And Sofala. or the Sultan in Bizance. and where Rome was to sway The world: in spirit perhaps he also saw Rich Mexico. But to nobler sights Michael from Adam’s eyes the film removed. nor could his eye not ken The empire of Negus to his utmost port Ercoco. and thence To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul. and the less maritim kings Mombaza. or where the Russian Ksar In Mosco.

for his was not sincere. and first behold The effects. the other part sheep-walks and folds. now ope thine eyes.and. a shepherd next. Smote him into the midriff with a stone That beat out life. Nor sinned thy sin. now enforced to close his eyes. 334 Paradise Lost . The other’s not. Adam. Groaned out his soul with gushing blood effused. of grassy sord. with incense strowed. sacrificing. as they talked. who never touched The excepted tree. Rustick. he fell. and his attention thus recalled. More meek. and. which thy original crime hath wrought In some to spring from thee. Whereat he inly raged. thither anon A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits. then. His eyes he opened. and the yellow sheaf. nor with the snake conspired. I’ the midst an altar as the land-mark stood. as came to hand. and beheld a field. came with the firstlings of his flock. and all his spirits became entranced. On the cleft wood. Sunk down. Choicest and best. whereon were sheaves New reaped. But him the gentle Angel by the hand Soon raised. yet from that sin derive Corruption. laid The inwards and their fat. and grateful steam. the green ear. Unculled. deadly pale. and all due rights performed: His offering soon propitious fire from Heaven Consumed with nimble glance.That Adam. to bring forth more violent deeds. Part arable and tilth.

Lose no 335 . Alas! both for the deed. all dismal. flood. some great mischief hath befallen To that meek man. than within. by violent stroke shall die. Some. of which a monstrous crew Before thee shall appear. Rolling in dust and gore. These two are brethren. which on the earth shall bring Diseases dire. and many are the ways that lead To his grim cave. but the bloody fact Will be avenged. Is piety thus and pure devotion paid? To whom Michael thus. though here thou see him die. that thou mayest know What misery the inabstinence of Eve Free eBooks at Planet eBook.Much at that sight was Adam in his heart Dismayed. Horrid to think. who well had sacrificed. the unjust the just hath slain. and for the cause! But have I now seen Death? Is this the way I must return to native dust? O sight Of terrour. how horrible to feel! To whom thus Michael. famine. and to come Out of thy loins. approved. but many shapes Of Death. Death thou hast seen In his first shape on Man. Adam. foul and ugly to behold. and thus in haste to the Angel cried. To which our sire. For envy that his brother’s offering found From Heaven acceptance. and the other’s faith. O Teacher. replied. as thou sawest. By fire. by intemperance more In meats and drinks. yet to sense More terrible at the entrance. he also moved.

wherein were laid Numbers of all diseased. pining atrophy. moaping melancholy. deep the groans. till firmer thoughts restrained excess. colick-pangs. Though not of woman born. compassion quelled His best of man. O miserable mankind. Dropsies. Convulsions. all feverous kinds. Demoniack phrenzy. fierce catarrhs. though oft invoked With vows.Shall bring on Men. Why is life given To be thus wrested from us? rather. all maladies Of ghastly spasm. and joint-racking rheums. if we knew What we receive. and wide-wasting pestilence. noisome. Marasmus. And over them triumphant Death his dart Shook. to what fall Degraded. sad. scarce recovering words. or racking torture. dark. to what wretched state reserved! Better end here unborn. epilepsies. and asthmas. and gave him up to tears A space. as their chief good. and final hope. but wept. why Obtruded on us thus? who. Sight so deform what heart of rock could long Dry-eyed behold? Adam could not. And moon-struck madness. qualms Of heart-sick agony. Intestine stone and ulcer. Immediately a place Before his eyes appeared. Despair Tended the sick busiest from couch to couch. but delayed to strike. Dire was the tossing. would either no accept 336 Paradise Lost . And. A lazar-house it seemed. his plaint renewed.

by themselves defaced. by temperance taught. a brutish vice. seeking from thence Due nourishment. Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. I yield it just. said Michael. then Forsook them. when themselves they vilified To serve ungoverned Appetite. In what thou eatest and drinkest. Can thus The image of God in Man. While they pervert pure Nature’s healthful rules To loathsome sickness. Glad to be so dismissed in peace. Therefore so abject is their punishment. said Adam. Or if his likeness. Disfiguring not God’s likeness. Retaining still divine similitude In part. if thou well observe The rule of Not too much. worthily. and took His image whom they served. not gluttonous delight. Till many years over thy head return: Free eBooks at Planet eBook.Life offered. exempt? Their Maker’s image. But is there yet no other way. and mix with our connatural dust? There is. besides These painful passages. And. To such unsightly sufferings be debased Under inhuman pains? Why should not Man. and submit. from such deformities be free. since they God’s image did not reverence in themselves. for his Maker’s image sake. created once So goodly and erect. but their own. how we may come To 337 . answered Michael. though faulty since. or soon beg to lay it down.

and. Michael replied. thy beauty. Was heard. nor harshly plucked. thy senses then. To what thou hast. for the air of youth. whence the sound Of instruments. of this cumbrous charge.So mayest thou live. Obtuse. and patiently attend My dissolution. 338 Paradise Lost . Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. of harp and organ. and gray. were herds Of cattle grazing. Hopeful and cheerful. others. Instinct through all proportions. all taste of pleasure must forego. Nor love thy life. Which I must keep till my appointed day Of rendering up. nor would prolong Life much. low and high. To whom our ancestor. and last consume The balm of life. and saw a spacious plain. whereon Were tents of various hue. or short. was seen. till. who moved Their stops and chords. Fairest and easiest. like ripe fruit. his volant touch. but then. Henceforth I fly not death. thy strength. but what thou livest Live well. how long. how I may be quit. bent rather. that made melodious chime. permit to Heaven: And now prepare thee for another sight. weak. in thy blood will reign A melancholy damp of cold and dry To weigh thy spirits down. thou must outlive Thy youth. or be with ease Gathered. and. nor hate. by some. for death mature: This is Old Age. thou drop Into thy mother’s lap. He looked. which will change To withered.

then first to marriage rites invoked: With feast and musick all the tents resound. though grave. and bid invoke Hymen. by their guise Just men they seemed. at the forge Labouring. then. appeared. (whether found where casual fire Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale. and in dance came on: The men. Love’s harbinger. behold! A bevy of fair women. they on the plain Long had not 339 . Down to the veins of earth. nor those things last. and know his works Not hid. or whether washed by stream From underground. And now of love they treat. to the harp they sung Soft amorous ditties. which might preserve Freedom and peace to Men. and all their study bent To worship God aright.) the liquid ore he drained Into fit moulds prepared. then. and each his liking chose.In other part stood one who. in the amorous net Fast caught. eyed them. all in heat They light the nuptial torch. thence gliding hot To some cave’s mouth. and let their eyes Rove without rein. Down to the plain descended. till the evening-star. they liked. But on the hither side. richly gay In gems and wanton dress. After these. two massy clods of iron and brass Had melted. when from the tents. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. from which he formed First his own tools. what might else be wrought Fusil or graven in metal. a different sort From the high neighbouring hills. which was their seat. till.

though to nature seeming meet. studious they appear Of arts that polish life. True opener of mine eyes. attached the heart Of Adam. Bred only and completed to the taste Of lustful appetence. or pain much worse. flowers. prime Angel blest. and fair event Of love and youth not lost. inventers rare. but they his gifts acknowledged none. so blithe. conformity divine. and troll the tongue. were the tents Of wickedness. Judge not what is best By pleasure. Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget. to nobler end Holy and pure. to dance. than those two past. Unmindful of their Maker. songs. wherein shall dwell his race Who slew his brother. To whom thus Michael. and roll the eye: To these that sober race of men. so smooth. Created. to sing. To dress. garlands. whose lives 340 Paradise Lost . Those tents thou sawest so pleasant. For that fair female troop thou sawest. soon inclined to admit delight.Such happy interview. Much better seems this vision. Those were of hate and death. as thou art. Here Nature seems fulfilled in all her ends. so gay. though his Spirit Taught them. which he thus expressed. And charming symphonies. and more hope Of peaceful days portends. The bent of nature. Yet empty of all good wherein consists Woman’s domestick honour and chief praise. that seemed Of Goddesses.

One way a band select from forage drives A herd of beeves. and superiour gifts 341 . Shall yield up all their virtue. He looked. nor idly mustering stood. that they. Erelong to swim at large. fair oxen and fair kine. But now prepare thee for another scene. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. for which The world erelong a world of tears must weep. of short joy bereft. O pity and shame. Single or in array of battle ranged Both horse and foot. who to live well Entered so fair. to the trains and to the smiles Of these fair atheists. and saw wide territory spread Before him. all their fame Ignobly. Part wield their arms. towns. should turn aside to tread Paths indirect. Cities of men with lofty gates and towers. part curb the foaming steed.Religious titled them the sons of God. from Woman to begin. scarce with life the shepherds fly. who should better hold his place By wisdom. or fleecy flock. Concourse in arms. and laugh. and rural works between. Giants of mighty bone and bold emprise. Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain. From Man’s effeminate slackness it begins. fierce faces threatening war. From a fat meadow ground. Their booty. or in the mid way faint! But still I see the tenour of Man’s woe Holds on the same. To whom thus Adam. and now swim in joy. Said the Angel.

truth. till at last. and multiply Ten thousandfold the sin of him who slew His brother: for of whom such massacre 342 Paradise Lost . In other part the sceptered heralds call To council. and peace. and gigantick deeds. and mine. with warriours mixed. and had seized with violent hands. scale. and refuge none was found. and sulphurous fire. And judgement from above: him old and young Exploded. and to his guide Lamenting turned full sad. now scattered lies With carcasses and arms the ensanguined field. Adam was all in tears. Where cattle pastured late. Death’s ministers. which makes a bloody fray. Had not a cloud descending snatched him thence Unseen amid the throng: so violence Proceeded. Assemble. but soon. Through all the plain. With cruel tournament the squadrons join. or religion. In factious opposition. On each hand slaughter. in the city-gates. Of justice. by battery. not men? who thus deal death Inhumanly to men. Of middle age one rising. others from the wall defend With dart and javelin. Deserted: Others to a city strong Lay siege.But call in aid. Assaulting. stones. and sword-law. eminent In wise deport. O!what are these. spake much of right and wrong. and oppression. and harangues are heard. encamped. anon Gray-headed men and grave.

Gods. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. And what most merits fame. Produce prodigious births of body or mind. that God would come To judge them with his Saints. to walk with God High in salvation and the climes of bliss. Where good with bad were matched. receive. whom had not Heaven Rescued. men of men But who was that just 343 . to be styled great conquerours Patrons of mankind. the seventh from thee. Such were these giants. Thus fame shall be achieved. as thou sawest. whom thou beheldst The only righteous in a world preverse. Destroyers rightlier called. renown on earth. therefore so beset With foes. And utter odious truth. and for glory done Of triumph. These are the product Of those ill-mated marriages thou sawest. But he. And valour and heroick virtue called. and sons of Gods. shall be held the highest pitch Of human glory. To overcome in battle. but of their brethren. in silence hid. men of high renown. and subdue Nations. and plagues of men. And therefore hated. him the Most High Rapt in a balmy cloud with winged steeds Did. and bring home spoils with infinite Man-slaughter. and. had in his righteousness been lost? To whom thus Michael. for daring single to be just.Make they. who of themselves Abhor to join. by imprudence mixed. For in those days might only shall be admired.

and in the side a door Contrived. as befel. and removed his tents far off. and insect small. he ceased Contending. 344 Paradise Lost . The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar. Triumphs or festivals. Marrying or prostituting. length. Came sevens. and highth.Exempt from death. Then. To luxury and riot. With their four wives. under judgements imminent: But all in vain: which when he saw. and bird. and entered in as taught Their order: last the sire and his three sons. to show thee what reward Awaits the good. Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. where passing fair Allured them. as to souls In prison. a wonder strange! Of every beast. and breadth. Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. he oft Frequented their assemblies. the rest what punishment. and pairs. And of their doings great dislike declared. At length a reverend sire among them came. Rape or adultery. and God made fast the door. Measured by cubit. and to them preached Conversion and repentance. and of provisions laid in large. and saw the face of things quite changed. And testified against their ways. whereso met. from the mountain hewing timber tall. thence from cups to civil broils. All now was turned to jollity and game. He looked. Smeared round with pitch. feast and dance. For man and beast: when lo.

and secure with beaked prow Rode tilting o’er the waves. so numerous late. all in view destroyed at once. Depopulation! Thee another flood. Sea without shore.Mean while the south-wind rose. Where luxury late reigned. as when a father mourns His children. thee also drowned. end so sad. And scarce to the Angel utter’dst thus thy plaint. gently reared By the Angel. in one small bottom swum imbarked. and continued. those now. of mankind. all dwellings else Flood overwhelmed. Adam. down rushed the rain Impetuous. all the clouds together drove From under 345 . to behold The end of all thy offspring. How didst thou grieve then. O visions ill foreseen! Better had I Lived ignorant of future! so had borne My part of evil only. And sunk thee as thy sons. Sent up amain. till the earth No more was seen: the floating vessel swum Uplifted. each day’s lot Enough to bear. sea covered sea. and in their palaces. Though comfortless. Of tears and sorrow a flood. and. the hills to their supply Vapour. and exhalation dusk and moist. till. All left. sea-monsters whelped And stabled. and now the thickened sky Like a dark cieling stood. with black wings Wide-hovering. and them with all their pomp Deep under water rolled. on thy feet thou stoodest at last. that were dispensed Free eBooks at Planet eBook.

Let no man seek Henceforth to be foretold. and lust. To whom thus Michael. Who. peace would have crowned With length of happy days the race of Man. what shall befall Him or his children. Man is not whom to warn: those few escaped Famine and anguish will at last consume. to torment me ere their being. by my foreknowledge gaining birth Abortive. and rich prey. Which neither his foreknowing can prevent. for now I see Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste. How comes it thus? unfold. and done much wast Subduing nations. and achieved thereby Fame in the world. and sloth. And whether here the race of Man will end. high titles. With thought that they must be. on me light At once. celestial Guide. ease.The burden of many ages. Shall change their course to pleasure. But I was far deceived. are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent And great exploits. Wandering that watery desart: I had hope. And he the future evil shall no less In apprehension than in substance feel. and war on earth. All would have then gone well. When violence was ceased. but of true virtue void. whom last thou sawest In triumph and luxurious wealth. Surfeit. Those. till wantonness and pride 346 Paradise Lost . having spilt much blood. evil he may be sure. Grievous to bear: but that care now is past.

the only son of light In a dark age. all virtue lose And fear of God. he of their wicked ways Free eBooks at Planet eBook. One man except. with twelve sons encreased. The conquered also. forgot. Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure. departs From Canaan. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. Shall. all depraved. Justice and temperance. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. therefore. and enslaved by war. cooled in zeal. with their freedom lost. on what their lords Shall leave them to enjoy. truth and faith. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. a son. against example good. custom. Worldly or dissolute. Against allurement. for the earth shall bear More than enough. that temperance may be tried: So all shall turn degenerate. from whom their piety feigned In sharp contest of battle found no aid Against invaders. and a world Offended: fearless of reproach and scorn.Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh: There he dies. to a land hereafter called Egypt. See where it flows. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea: To sojourn in that land He comes. as inmate guests Or 347 . divided by the river Nile. invited by a younger son In time of dearth. The grand-child.

pushed by the horned flood. behold. To save himself. And sheltered round. and before them set The paths of righteousness. and orcs. by his command Shall build a wonderous ark. but all the cataracts Of Heaven set open on the Earth shall pour Rain. if none be thither brought By men who there frequent. from amidst A world devote to universal wrack. shall heave the ocean to usurp Beyond all bounds. with them of man and beast Select for life. denouncing wrath to come On their impenitence. With all his verdure spoiled. 348 Paradise Lost . and houshold. till inundation rise Above the highest hills: Then shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be moved Out of his place.Shall them admonish. how much more safe And full of peace. and trees adrift. And there take root an island salt and bare. No sooner he. and saw the ark hull on the flood. Which now abated. Broke up. as thou beheldst. what further shall ensue. Down the great river to the opening gulf. He looked. but of God observed The one just man alive. The haunt of seals. for the clouds were fled. or therein dwell. and shall return Of them derided. And now. all fountains of the deep. and sea-mews’ clang: To teach thee that God attributes to place No sanctity. shall in the ark be lodged. day and night.

whereon his foot may light: The second time returning. A dove sent forth once and again to spy Green tree or ground. and thus his joy broke forth. their furious tide. The ark no more now floats. And now the tops of hills. And after him. and from his ark The ancient sire descends. Grateful to Heaven.Driven by a keen north-wind. over his head beholds A dewy cloud. O thou. in his bill An olive-leaf he 349 . pacifick sign: Anon dry ground appears. Betokening peace from God. With clamour thence the rapid currents drive. appear. that stole With soft foot towards the deep. and in the cloud a bow Conspicuous with three lifted colours gay. Towards the retreating sea. Greatly rejoiced. with all his train. and of the fresh wave largely drew. Whereat the heart of Adam. And the clear sun on his wide watery glass Gazed hot. blowing dry. as decayed. erst so sad. and covenant new. Fast on the top of some high mountain fixed. which made their flowing shrink From standing lake to tripping ebb. who now had stopt His sluces. who future things canst represent Free eBooks at Planet eBook. Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies. Then with uplifted hands. as the Heaven his windows shut. Wrinkled the face of deluge. as rocks. As after thirst. but seems on ground. the surer messenger. that. and eyes devout.

And makes a covenant never to destroy The earth again by flood. But say. what mean those coloured streaks in Heaven Distended. Lest it again dissolve. 350 Paradise Lost . and their seed preserve. Far less I now lament for one whole world Of wicked sons destroyed. So willingly doth God remit his ire. And call to mind his covenant: Day and night. yet. and shower the earth? To whom the Arch-Angel. That he relents. than I rejoice For one man found so perfect. as the brow of God appeased? Or serve they. to bind The fluid skirts of that same watery cloud. those removed. With man therein or beast. Such grace shall one just man find in his sight. nor let the sea Surpass his bounds. not to blot out mankind.As present. and so just. when looking down he saw The whole earth filled with violence. heavenly Instructer! I revive At this last sight. whereon to look. will therein set His triple-coloured bow. Grieved at his heart. That God vouchsafes to raise another world From him. when he brings Over the earth a cloud. as a flowery verge. and all flesh Corrupting each their way. Dextrously thou aimest. nor rain to drown the world. assured that Man shall live. heat and hoary frost. With all the creatures. Seed-time and harvest. but. Though late repenting him of Man depraved. and all his anger to forget.

Free eBooks at Planet eBook. wherein the just shall dwell. Both Heaven and Earth. till fire purge all things 351 .Shall hold their course.

as from a second stock. With large wine-offerings poured. objects divine Must needs impair and weary human sense: Henceforth what is to come I will relate. lamb. and oil. and reaping plenteous crop. and. If Adam aught perhaps might interpose. Much thou hast yet to see. and attend. from the herd or flock. And Man. Labouring the soil.Book XII A s one who in his journey bates at noon. or kid. Though bent on speed. and sacred feast. while yet but few. fearing the Deity. Thus thou hast seen one world begin. Under paternal rule: till one shall rise 352 Paradise Lost . Corn. and end. Thou therefore give due audience. Shall spend their days in joy unblamed. With some regard to what is just and right Shall lead their lives. Then. by families and tribes. This second source of Men. wine. with transition sweet. proceed. so here the Arch-Angel paused Betwixt the world destroyed and world restored. And while the dread of judgement past remains Fresh in their minds. but I perceive Thy mortal sight to fail. Oft sacrificing bullock. new speech resumes. and dwell Long time in peace. and multiply apace.

whose top may reach to Heaven. Marching from Eden towards the west. Comes down to see their city. And get themselves a name. Hunting (and men not beasts shall be his game) With war. He with a crew. and quite dispossess Concord and law of nature from the earth. such as refuse Subjection to his empire tyrannous: A mighty hunter thence he shall be styled Before the Lord. And from rebellion shall derive his name.Of proud ambitious heart. who. Or from Heaven. Will arrogate dominion undeserved Over his brethren. not content With fair equality. fraternal state. as in despite of Heaven. Regardless whether good or evil fame. their memory be lost. the mouth of Hell: Of brick. and of that stuff. But God. and through their habitations walks To mark their doings. wherein a black bituminous gurge Boils out from under ground. Though of rebellion others he accuse. them beholding soon. shall find The plain. to rase Free eBooks at Planet eBook. lest. and in derision sets Upon their tongues a various spirit. far dispersed In foreign lands. who oft descends to visit men Unseen. claiming second sovranty. and hostile 353 . whom like ambition joins With him or under him to tyrannize. ere the tower Obstruct Heaven-towers. they cast to build A city and tower.

where thin air Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross. and the work Confusion named. Whereto thus Adam. human left from human free. from God not given: He gave us only over beast. O execrable son! so to aspire Above his brethren. till hoarse. each to other calls Not understood. fish. And hear the din: Thus was the building left Ridiculous.Quite out their native language. fatherly displeased. Among the builders. and. Dominion absolute. to sustain Himself and his rash army. affecting to subdue Rational liberty. who on the quiet state of men Such trouble brought. Justly thou abhorrest That son. to God his tower intends Siege and defiance: Wretched man!what food Will he convey up thither. if not of bread? To whom thus Michael. such title to himself Reserving. yet know withal. instead. to himself assuming Authority usurped. To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud. As mocked they storm: great laughter was in Heaven. and all in rage. fowl. that right we hold By his donation. And looking down. but man over men He made not lord. 354 Paradise Lost . But this usurper his encroachment proud Stays not on Man. to see the hubbub strange. And famish him of breath.

who. heard this heavy curse. Thus will this latter. And one peculiar nation to select Free eBooks at Planet eBook. on his vicious race. Deprives them of their outward liberty. Yet sometimes nations will decline so low From virtue. resolving from thenceforth To leave them to their own polluted ways. God. and some fatal curse annexed. But justice. Therefore. true liberty Is lost. and avert His holy 355 . Servant of servants. that no wrong. Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. Who oft as undeservedly enthrall His outward freedom: Tyranny must be. for the shame Done to his father. Immediately inordinate desires. and to servitude reduce Man. And upstart passions. catch the government From reason. and from her hath no dividual being: Reason in man obscured. since he permits Within himself unworthy powers to reign Over free reason. withdraw His presence from among them. Their inward lost: Witness the irreverent son Of him who built the ark. till God at last. as the former world. Wearied with their iniquities. which is reason. which always with right reason dwells Twinned.Since thy original lapse. Still tend from bad to worse. till then free. Subjects him from without to violent lords. in judgement just. or not obeyed.

and the neighbouring plain Of Moreh. from his father’s house. passing now the ford To Haran. in a land unknown. but trusting all his wealth With God. Canaan he now attains. I see his tents Pitched about Sechem. who called him.) 356 Paradise Lost . his friends. that in his seed All nations shall be blest: he straight obeys. after him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks. and from him will raise A mighty nation. and fall To worship their own work in wood and stone For Gods! Yet him God the Most High vouchsafes To call by vision. Not wandering poor. While yet the patriarch lived. (Things by their names I call. though yet unnamed. A nation from one faithful man to spring: Him on this side Euphrates yet residing. there by promise he receives Gift to his progeny of all that land. and numerous servitude. Not knowing to what land. yet firm believes: I see him. His kindred. but thou canst not. of whom to be invoked. with what faith He leaves his Gods. Ur of Chaldaea. As to forsake the living God. and false Gods. into a land Which he will show him. and upon him shower His benediction so. and native soil. Bred up in idol-worship: O. From Hameth northward to the Desart south.From all the rest. that men (Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid grown. who ‘scaped the flood.

This ponder. whence of guests he makes them slaves Inhospitably. leaves. and renown: The grandchild. and kills their infant males: Till by two brethren (these two brethren call Free eBooks at Planet eBook. who shall bruise The Serpent’s head. Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call. who seeks To stop their overgrowth. the double-founted stream. yonder sea. as inmate guests Too numerous. and leaves his race Growing into a nation. invited by a younger son In time of dearth.From Hermon east to the great western Sea. here. each place behold In prospect. whereof to thee anon Plainlier shall be revealed. but his sons Shall dwell to Senir. A son. in wisdom. This patriarch blest. and now grown Suspected to a sequent king. To sojourn in that land He comes. as I point them. departs From Canaan to a land hereafter called Egypt. that long ridge of hills. divided by the river Nile See where it flows. a son whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharaoh. disgorging at seven mouths Into the sea. true limit 357 . on the shore Mount Carmel. There he dies. and of his son a grand-child. with twelve sons increased. that all nations of the earth Shall in his seed be blessed: By that seed Is meant thy great Deliverer. Jordan. Like him in faith. Mount Hermon.

or fruit. and flies. As on dry land. Thus with ten wounds The river-dragon tamed at length submits To let his sojourners depart. till. and oft Humbles his stubborn heart. To blood unshed the rivers must be turned. Darkness must overshadow all his bounds. lice. between two crystal walls. but them lets pass. must all his palace fill With loathed intrusion. and on the ground leave nothing green.Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claim His people from enthralment. herb. Frogs. And wheel on the earth. With glory and spoil. A darksome cloud of locusts swarming down Must eat. Hail mixed with fire. or grain. Palpable darkness. thunder mixed with hail. must rend the Egyptians sky. And all his people. Last. and blot out three days. back to their promised land. all the first-born Of Egypt must lie dead. Awed by the rod of Moses so to stand 358 Paradise Lost . the sea Swallows him with his host. devouring where it rolls. What it devours not. or message to regard. Must be compelled by signs and judgements dire. as ice More hardened after thaw. But first. in his rage Pursuing whom he late dismissed. the lawless tyrant. who denies To know their God. with one midnight stroke. His cattle must of rot and murren die. and fill all the land. but still. they return. Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss.

who shall go Before them in a cloud. And craze their chariot-wheels: when by command Moses once more his potent rod extends Over the sea. the sea his rod obeys. This also shall they gain by their delay In the wide wilderness. where rashness leads not on. there they shall found Their government. Then through the fiery pillar. while the obdurate king pursues: All night he will pursue. not the readiest way. Though present in his Angel. but his approach Darkness defends between till morning watch. to rule by laws ordained: God from the mount of Sinai. by night a pillar of fire. choosing rather Inglorious life with servitude.Divided. War terrify them inexpert. entering on the Canaanite alarmed. whose gray top Free eBooks at Planet eBook. By day a cloud. and remove Behind them. On their embattled ranks the waves return. and fear Return them back to Egypt. Lest. And overwhelm their war: The race elect Safe toward Canaan from the shore advance Through the wild Desart. and their great senate choose Through the twelve tribes. till his rescued gain their shore: Such wondrous power God to his saint will lend. and the cloud. and pillar of 359 . for life To noble and ignoble is more sweet Untrained in arms. God looking forth will trouble all his host. To guide them in their journey.

laws and rites Established. between the wings Of two bright Cherubim. by what means he shall achieve Mankind’s deliverance. religious rites Of sacrifice. therein An ark. Ordain them laws.Shall tremble. part. over the tent a cloud 360 Paradise Lost . and in the ark his testimony. before him burn Seven lamps as in a zodiack representing The heavenly fires. informing them. he grants what they besought. and loud trumpets’ sound. by types And shadows. over these A mercy-seat of gold. such delight hath God in Men Obedient to his will. part. whose high office now Moses in figure bears. of whose day he shall foretel. And all the Prophets in their age the times Of great Messiah shall sing. But the voice of God To mortal ear is dreadful: They beseech That Moses might report to them his will. to introduce One greater. And terrour cease. The Holy One with mortal Men to dwell: By his prescript a sanctuary is framed Of cedar. lightning. overlaid with gold. of that destined Seed to bruise The Serpent. that he vouchsafes Among them to set up his tabernacle. he descending. such as appertain To civil justice. Instructed that to God is no access Without Mediator. Thus. will himself In thunder. The records of his covenant.

those chiefly. Erewhile perplexed with thoughts. Conducted by his Angel. ‘And thou moon in the vale of Aialon. Here Adam interposed. a fiery gleam by night. what would become Of me and all mankind: But now I see His day. how many battles fought How many kings destroyed. why to those Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth So many and so various laws are given. who sought Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. which concern Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find Mine eyes 361 . son of Isaac. and from him His whole descent. Enlightener of my darkness. ‘Till Israel overcome! so call the third From Abraham. So many laws argue so many sins Among them. and my heart much eased. Save when they journey. and kingdoms won.Shall rest by day. who thus shall Canaan win. in whom all nations shall be blest. O sent from Heaven. Doubt not but that sin Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to the land Promised to Abraham and his seed:—The rest Were long to tell. how can God with such reside? To whom thus Michael. gracious things Thou hast revealed. in Gibeon stand. This yet I apprehend not. and night’s due course adjourn. and at length they come. Favour unmerited by me. ‘Sun. Man’s voice commanding. Or how the sun shall in mid Heaven stand still A day entire.

that. So law appears imperfect. as of thee begot. and peace Of conscience. 362 Paradise Lost . and. they may find Justification towards God. and bring back Through the world’s wilderness long-wandered Man Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. disciplined From shadowy types to truth. But Joshua. though of God Highly beloved. which the law by ceremonies Cannot appease. And therefore was law given them. His name and office bearing. in such righteousness To them by faith imputed. but not remove. and but given With purpose to resign them. they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for Man. whom the Gentiles Jesus call. nor Man the mortal part Perform. from flesh to spirit. From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace. works of law to works of faith. from servile fear To filial. his people into Canaan lead. Save by those shadowy expiations weak. being but the minister Of law. The blood of bulls and goats. Up to a better covenant. in full time. who shall quell The adversary-Serpent. by stirring up Sin against law to fight: that when they see Law can discover sin. Just for unjust. cannot live.Will reign among them. to evince Their natural pravity. And therefore shall not Moses. not performing.

shall in a glorious temple enshrine. both for piety renowned And puissant deeds. whose high walls thou sawest Left in confusion. his temple. and his holy ark. a promise shall receive Irrevocable. Their city. With all his sacred things. then under Kings. but when sins National interrupt their publick peace. of kings The last. Such follow him. for of his reign shall be no end. Whose foul idolatries. of bad the longer scroll. and to kings foretold. Babylon thence called. part bad. a scorn and prey To that proud city. Long time shall dwell and prosper. as to leave them.Mean while they. and expose their land. for wealth and wisdom famed. The clouded ark of God. that of the royal stock Of David (so I name this king) shall rise A Son. And his next son. of whom The second. But first. the Woman’s seed to thee foretold. in their earthly Canaan placed. will so incense God. as shall be registered Part good. Foretold to Abraham. that his regal throne For ever shall endure. Provoking God to raise them enemies. and other faults Heaped to the popular sum. From whom as oft he saves them penitent By Judges first. till then in tents Wandering. a long succession must ensue. as in whom shall trust All nations. Free eBooks at Planet 363 . the like shall sing All Prophecy.

myrrh. that the true Anointed King Messiah might be born Barred of his right. who inquire His place. discerning Adam with such joy 364 Paradise Lost . Returned from Babylon by leave of kings Their lords. Unseen before in Heaven.There in captivity he lets them dwell The space of seventy years. yet at his birth a star. and gold: His place of birth a solemn Angel tells To simple shepherds. to offer incense. keeping watch by night. and by a quire Of squadroned Angels hear his carol sung. and his covenant sworn To David. But first among the priests dissention springs. and bound his reign With Earth’s wide bounds. the house of God They first re-edify. and regard not David’s sons. but his sire The power of the Most High: He shall ascend The throne hereditary. grown In wealth and multitude. stablished as the days of Heaven. proclaims him come. Remembering mercy. till. Men who attend the altar. factious they grow. He ceased. then brings them back. whom God disposed. his glory with the Heavens. And guides the eastern sages. and for a while In mean estate live moderate. and should most Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings Upon the temple itself: at last they seise The scepter. A virgin is his mother. They gladly thither haste. Then lose it to a stranger.

but his works In thee. and from thy womb the Son Of God Most High: so God with Man unites! Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain: Say where and when Their fight. Dream not of their fight. But by fulfilling that which thou didst want. which these he breathed. a deadlier bruise. yet from my loins Thou shalt proceed. O prophet of glad tidings. Without the vent of words.Surcharged. The penalty to thy transgression due. not to give thee thy death’s wound: Which he. Not by destroying Satan. Disabled. hail. Obedience to the law of 365 . or the local wounds Of head or heel: Not therefore joins the Son Manhood to Godhead. as had like grief been dewed in tears. shall recure. and suffering death. whose fall from Heaven. imposed On penalty of death. And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: So only can high Justice rest appaid. finisher Of utmost hope! now clear I understand What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in vain. To whom thus Michael. nor so is overcome Satan. Why our great Expectation should be called The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother. what stroke shall bruise the victor’s heel. with more strength to foil Thy enemy. As of a duel. who comes thy Saviour. High in the love of Heaven. and in thy seed: Nor can this be. Free eBooks at Planet eBook.

which Man from death redeems. and the benefit embrace By faith not void of works: This God-like act Annuls thy doom. The law that is against thee. nailed to the cross By his own nation. this act Shall bruise the head of Satan. fresh as the dawning light. so he dies. ere the third dawning light Return. Imputed. For this he shall live hated. Proclaiming life to all who shall believe In his redemption. as many as offered life Neglect not. But soon revives. and cursed death. be blasphemed. and the sins Of all mankind. the stars of morn shall see him rise Out of his grave. In sin for ever lost from life. and that his obedience. Seised on by force. and to death condemned A shameful and accursed. Thy ransom paid. slain for bringing life: But to the cross he nails thy enemies. though legal. crush his strength. with him there crucified. thy punishment He shall endure.The law of God exact he shall fulfil Both by obedience and by love. his merits To save them. Never to hurt them more who rightly trust In this his satisfaction. judged. by coming in the flesh To a reproachful life. His death for Man. though love Alone fulfil the law. becomes theirs by faith. Death over him no power Shall long usurp. not their own. 366 Paradise Lost . works. the death thou shouldest have died.

and in mind prepared. his two main arms. the sign Of washing them from guilt of sin to life Pure. them who shall believe Baptizing in the profluent stream. A gentle wafting to immortal life. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. to them shall leave in charge To teach all nations what of him they learned And his salvation. And fix far deeper in his head their stings Than temporal death shall bruise the victor’s heel. Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth. but to the sons Of Abraham’s faith wherever through the world. triumphing through the air Over his foes and thine. Not only to the sons of Abraham’s loins Salvation shall be preached. So in his seed all nations shall be blest. there shall surprise The Serpent. All nations they shall teach. a death. prince of air. exalted high Above all names in Heaven.Defeating Sin and Death. if so 367 . and drag in chains Through all his realm. for. like that which the Redeemer died. and there confounded leave. Then enter into glory. When this world’s dissolution shall be ripe. and resume His seat at God’s right hand. like sleep. and thence shall come. men who in his life Still followed him. than certain times to appear To his disciples. Then to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend With victory. For death. from that day. Or theirs whom he redeems.

So spake the Arch-Angel Michael. Whether in Heaven or Earth. more good-will to Men From God. what will betide the few His faithful.With glory and power to judge both quick and dead. Replete with joy and wonder. far happier place Than this of Eden. The promise of the Father. who defend? Will they not deal Worse with his followers than with him they dealt? Be sure they will. then paused. and the law of faith. and occasioned. or rejoice Much more. but to reward His faithful. And evil turn to good. that much more good thereof shall spring. But say. who shall dwell His Spirit within them. Whether I should repent me now of sin By me done. To God more glory. The enemies of truth? Who then shall guide His people. Goodness immense! That all this good of evil shall produce. left among the unfaithful herd. and far happier days. and over wrath grace shall abound. To judge the unfaithful dead. for then the Earth Shall all be Paradise. said the Angel. As at the world’s great period. if our Deliverer up to Heaven Must re-ascend. and receive them into bliss. thus replied. O Goodness infinite. but from Heaven He to his own a Comforter will send. more wonderful Than that which by creation first brought forth Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand. 368 Paradise Lost . and our sire.

whom he sends To evangelize the nations. shall them with wonderous gifts endue To speak all tongues. Wolves shall succeed for teachers. Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven To their own vile advantages shall turn Of lucre and ambition. Their doctrine and their story written left. Though not but by the Spirit understood. and quench his fiery 369 . Though to the death. and also arm With spiritual armour. As did their Lord before them. and the truth With superstitions and traditions taint. Poured first on his Apostles. Places. What man can do against them. grievous wolves. but in their room. able to resist Satan’s assaults. And oft supported so as shall amaze Their proudest persecutors: For the Spirit.Working through love. though feigning still to act Free eBooks at Planet eBook. and titles. and with these to join Secular power. upon their hearts shall write. against such cruelties With inward consolations recompensed. then on all Baptized. and race well run. Left only in those written records pure. not afraid. To guide them in all truth. They die. as they forewarn. Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names. and do all miracles. Thus they win Great numbers of each nation to receive With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: At length Their ministry performed.

but unbuild His living temples. To good malignant. to bad men benign. Truth shall retire Bestuck with slanderous darts. Now ampler known thy Saviour and thy Lord. or what the Spirit within Shall on the heart engrave. What will they then But force the Spirit of Grace itself. Under her own weight groaning. Last. And vengeance to the wicked.By spiritual. The Woman’s Seed. from Heaven to be revealed In glory of the Father. and bind His consort Liberty? what. at return Of him so lately promised to thy aid. and works of faith Rarely be found: So shall the world go on. till the day Appear of respiration to the just. far greater part. built by faith to stand. to themselves appropriating The Spirit of God. not another’s? for. who in the worship persevere Of spirit and truth. Who against faith and conscience can be heard Infallible? yet many will presume: Whence heavy persecution shall arise On all. Their own faith. and. Will deem in outward rites and specious forms Religion satisfied. from that pretence. laws which none shall find Left them inrolled. Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force On every conscience. obscurely then foretold. to dissolve 370 Paradise Lost . the rest. in the clouds. promised alike and given To all believers. on earth.

by things deemed weak Subverting worldly strong. thou hast attained the sum Free eBooks at Planet eBook. whom I now Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest. to the faithful. that to obey is best. and peace. with good Still overcoming evil.Satan with his perverted world. and thus Adam last replied. To bring forth fruits. To whom thus also the Angel last replied. and have my fill Of knowledge. joy and eternal bliss. Beyond which was my folly to aspire. purged and refined. And love with fear the only God. Eternity. and love. death the gate of life. the race of time. Seer blest. Merciful over all his works. Greatly-instructed I shall hence depart. New 371 . Measured this transient world. ever to observe His providence. Founded in righteousness. then raise From the conflagrant mass. He ended. to walk As in his presence. ages of endless date. and on him sole depend. Taught this by his example. what this vessel can contain. Henceforth I learn. Greatly in peace of thought. new Earth. whose end no eye can reach. Till time stand fixed! Beyond is all abyss. and by small Accomplishing great things. How soon hath thy prediction. And. This having learned. and worldly wise By simply meek: that suffering for truth’s sake Is fortitude to highest victory.

— Let us descend now therefore from this top Of speculation. and all the ethereal powers. one empire. which will be many days. And all the rule. all Nature’s works. waken Eve. expect Their motion.Of wisdom. In signal of remove. for the hour precise Exacts our parting hence. and all her spirits composed To meek submission: thou. Her also I with gentle dreams have calmed Portending good. earth. happier far. Add virtue. at whose front a flaming sword. yet much more cheered 372 Paradise Lost . the soul Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loth To leave this Paradise. Both in one faith unanimous. Or works of God in Heaven. By name to come called charity. Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard. temperance. but shalt possess A Paradise within thee. at season fit. The great deliverance by her seed to come (For by the Woman’s seed) on all mankind: That ye may live. only add Deeds to thy knowledge answerable. add faith. waves fiercely round: We may no longer stay: go. All secrets of the deep. patience. and see!the guards. air. And all the riches of this world enjoyedst. hope no higher. or sea. for evils past. though sad. add love. though all the stars Thou knewest by name. With cause. Chiefly what may concern her faith to know. By me encamped on yonder hill.

This further consolation yet secure I carry hence. Descended. Which he hath sent propitious. where Eve Lay sleeping. since with sorrow and heart’s distress Wearied I fell asleep: But now lead on. So spake our mother Eve. though all by me is lost. and whither wentest. Is to go hence unwilling. By me the Promised Seed shall all restore. but answered not: For now. Who for my wilful crime art banished hence. He ended. without thee here to stay. and dreams advise. And thus with words not sad she him received.With meditation on the happy end. thou to me Art all things under $ 373 . too nigh The Arch-Angel stood. and Adam heard Well pleased. from the other hill To their fixed station. Adam to the bower. Such favour I unworthy am vouchsafed. I know. as evening-mist Risen from a river o’er the marish glides. And gathers ground fast at the labourer’s heel Homeward returning. High in front advanced. some great good Presaging. ran before. For God is also in sleep. all in bright array The Cherubim descended. Is to stay here. on the ground Gliding meteorous. and. Whence thou returnest. The brandished sword of God before them blazed. and they both descend the hill. with thee to go. In me is no delay. Free eBooks at Planet eBook. but found her waked. all places thou.

the gate With dreadful faces thronged. 374 Paradise Lost . then disappeared. Began to parch that temperate clime. Waved over by that flaming brand. looking back. Through Eden took their solitary way. hand in hand. which with torrid heat. whereat In either hand the hastening Angel caught Our lingering parents. and to the eastern gate Led them direct.Fierce as a comet. and fiery arms: Some natural tears they dropt. all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise. but wiped them soon. and Providence their guide: They. And vapour as the Libyan air adust. The world was all before them. so late their happy seat. with wandering steps and slow. and down the cliff as fast To the subjected plain. where to choose Their place of rest. They.

Free eBooks at Planet 375 .