Brain stem

spinal cord


brain stem diencephalon cerebellar telencephalon

I. The brain stem actives
conduit functions cranial nerve functions integrative functions

II. The general arrangements of brain stem
The nerve tracts The nuclei
The cranial nuclei The associated nuclei

The reticular formation

III. The external features
medulla oblongata pons midbrain

The medulla oblongata

The pons

The midbrain

The rhomboid fossa

IV. general arrangements of internal structures
1.another subdivisions of the brain stem
a. the area post. to the ventricular space ---midbrain tectum b. the area ant. to the ventricular space---tegmentum c. large structures “appended” to the ant. surface of the brain stem---some large fiber bundles

2.cranial nerve nuclei have a generally predictable arrangement
According to the functional differences, the cranial nuclei can be divided into 4 categories, and they are distributed in 6 functional columns: (1) The general somatic motor nuclei (2)The special visceral motor nuclei general visceral motor (3) The nuclei (4)The general and special visceral sensory nucleus (5)The general somatic sensory nuclei (6)The special somatic sensory nuclei

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