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Spect Technology

Spect Technology

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Published by Pradeep Cheekatla
A Seminar On Spect Technology
A Seminar On Spect Technology

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Pradeep Cheekatla on Apr 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Emission Computed Tomography is a technique where by multi

cross sectional images of tissue function can be produced
 The technique of SPECT is generally considered as two separate

modalities.SINGLE PHOTON Emission Computed Tomography involves the use single gamma ray emitted per nuclear disintegration.
 Positron Emission Tomography makes use of radio isotopes such as

gallium-68, when two gamma rays each of 511KeV, are emitted simultaneously.

 What is SPECT?

SPECT is short for single photon emission computed tomography. As its name suggests (single photon emission) gamma rays are the sources of the information rather than X-ray emission in the conventional CT scan.
 Why SPECT?

Similar to X-ray, CT, MRI, etc SPECT allows us to visualize functional information about patient’s specific organ or body system.

 SPECT is a technology used in nuclear medicine where the patient is injected with a radiopharmaceutical which will emit gamma rays.
 We seek the position and concentration of radionuclide distribution by the rotation of a photon detector array around the body which acquires data from multiple angles.

 Each of the cameras collects a matrix of values which correspond to the number of gamma counts detected in that direction at the one angle.  Images can be reprojected into a three dimensional one that can be viewed in a dynamic rotating format on computer monitors, facilitating the demonstration of pertinent findings to the referring physicians

 The instrument used in nuclear medicine for the

detection of gamma rays is known as gamma Camera
 The components making up the gamma camera are

1. Camera Collimator 2. Scintillation Detector 3. Photomultiplier Tube 4. Positron Circuitry 5. Data Analysis Computer

2. Improvement in these parameters is a constant goal of the SPECT researcher. Improvement in both of these parameters simultaneously is rarely achieved in practice. Collimation Computers in radiology and nuclear medicine Image acquisition

 Localization of defects is more precise and more

clearly seen by the inexperienced eye.
 Extend and size of defects is better defined.
 Images free of background.

 Heart imaging  Brain Imaging  SPECT imaging

 Tumor detection
 Bone Scans

 In the simplest PET camera two modified

sophisticated cameras called Anger cameras are placed on opposite sides of the patient.
 This increases the collection angle and reduces the

collection times which are the limitations of SPECT In PET, radiopharmaceuticals are labeled with positron emitting isotopes.

 SPECT imaging is inferior to PET because of attainable resolution and sensitivity. Different radionuclide is used for SPECT imaging that emits a single photon rather than positron emission as in PET.
 The use of collimator results in a tremendous decrease in the detection efficiency as compared to PET.

 SPECT being a nuclear medicine imaging modality , it has all the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear medicine can be highly beneficial or dangerous on the application , so is SPECT .  In spite of this , Today , nearly all cardiac patients receive a planar ECT or SPECT as part of their workup to detect and stage coronary artery disease.

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