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Box Culvert Design Calculation

Box Culvert Design Calculation

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Published by Yoshua Yang
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Published by: Yoshua Yang on Apr 04, 2013
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12/28/2013

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Reference

Calculation

Output

Ac Acc As As min av b c d Fc Ft fcu fs fy G H Hx Hy h KEL L lx ly lz M Mx My Mz q r SLS T t ULS V v vc x x' y' z z'

Area of concrete Area of concrete in compression Area of tension reinforcement Minimum area of tension reinforcement Length of that part of member traversed by shear failure plane With (breath) or effective width of section Cover to outer diameter Effective depth of section Basic force used in defining compressive forces Basic force used in defining tie forces Characteristic strength of concrete Estimated design service stress in the tension reinforcement Characteristic strength of reinforcement Shear modulus Maximum horizontal force Horizontal force in x direction Horizontal force in y direction Overall depth Knife edge load Critical perimeter Dimension of element on x direction Dimension of element on y direction Dimension of element on z direction Design ultimate resistance moment Moment on x axis Moment on y axis Moment on z axis Surcharge load Internal radius of bend Serviceability limit state Traction force Thickness of the element Ultimate limit state Shear force due to design ultimate loads or design ultimate value of a concentrated load Design shear stress Design shear stress in concrete Neutral axis depth Distance from Y axis to the centroid of an element Distance from X axis to the centroid of an element Lever arm Distance from X - Y plane to point where the considered resultant force acting Coefficient, variously defined, as appropriate Strain in tension reinforcement Nominal range of movement Soil friction angle, or diameter Active earth pressure Unit weight of soil Partial load factor Partial load factor

 s
 a   fL  f3

D E C

DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION

Doc. No. Designed Checked

Date Date

No. Designed Date .D E C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Job Code Page Output D E C DESIGN UNIT Doc.

.D E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Checked Job Code Date Page Output Doc. No.

D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page Output .

D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Doc. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page Output . No.

No.D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Doc. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .

2 m 1.2 m 150 kN/m2 0. check whether the depth above culvert is > 3 x width of culvert ( in which case limit depth to 3 x width ) m 1.2 m ( hw .M.2 = 3 x Unit Weight of Concrete shall be taken as 24 kN/m3 Becouse of the arching of soil.1 Dead Loads 9.6 So 4. Designed Checked Job Code S.8 m = = 4. No. h = span/(10 ~15)) Section Thickness Main R/F Cover to R/F Grade of Concrete Properties of Soil 12 mm 45 mm 25 N/mm2 24 kN/m3 20 25 kN/m3 o γc γs γw Φ' 1 .8 x 96 20 kN/m2 Soil Engineering (Spangler & Handy) Casses of conduit installation consider as Ditch Conduit Ditch Conduit A ditch conduit is defined as one which is instaled in a relatively narrow ditch dug in passive or undisturbed soil and wich is then covered with earth backfill.5 m 7.2010 Date 1 Page .8 m 7. Ceylon Electricity Board C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.2 m Depth limited to Surcharge on Roof Surcharge Presure (qr) qr = 4. H Safe Bearing Pressure = = = = = = = = = = = = 1.05.Permanent Loads 1.81 kN/m3 The nominal dead doad consist of the weight of the materials and the part of the structure Structural Engineering Design in preactice (Roger westbrook) (page-94) Depth of cover (H) 3 x width = = 3 x width < = 7.Reference Calculation Design of Box Culvert Ground Level Output X A hs B H Y hw l h hw D hs C Figure 01 Dimentional Properties h l Soil Cover .P Date 31.

h = 20 x 0.µ'.Bd2 = 101.9 kN/m2 = 20 x 0. No.γ.K.M.9 q q Ceylon Electricity Board C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.0 kN/m2 1.41 x = 73.2010 Date 1 Page .Reference Maximum load on ditch condition Depth of cover Calculation Output = 7.41 Design in preactice (Roger westbrook) (page-94) q max = γ.42 kN/m2 = qmax .2 m Surcharge on Roof Surcharge Presure (qr) (qr) = Cd.(H/Bd) = Cd (qr) (qr) Structural Engineering = = Cd.Ka.Bd2 Cd µ' = . Consider 1m length of Roof slab µ' = tan φ' = 2.2 Horizontal Earth Pressure If the backfill properties are known.qep = 58.µ' = tan φ' K = 1-sin φ 1+sin φ µ' - coedicient of friction between fill material and side of ditch Active Lateral earth pressure coeficient K Bd γ - Horizontal width of ditch at top of conduit Unit weight (wet density) of filling material Height of fill above top of conduite Load coeficient for ditch condition = = - H Cd So.58 0. If wall friction is to be ignored K0 Ka = 1-sin Φ' = ( 1-sin Φ' ) / ( 1+sin Φ' ) (δ = 0 ) = = 0.403 Bd = 3. K 1-sin φ 1+sin φ 0. Designed Checked Job Code S. 1-e-2Kµ'(H/Bd) 2.05.K.41 x = 15.60 m.γ.466 0.406 0.P Date 31.76 1.44 kN/m2 9.1 qep 1.

Vertical Live Loads Calculation Output For Fill Depths H ≥ 8 feet (2400 mm) and Culvert Clear Span Length.21 K+1 K+3 2K+3 2K+7 3K+8 = = = = = 2.1 Load Case -01 Testing Condition 4.1) D q = qip Pressures B.m/m MC = MD = Ma.γc = 4.M.68 kN/m2 4 .D C qip A B MA = 2 MB = qip.h = 9.3 Flexure due to weight of Roof q = hs.7 = 16.05.Reference AASHTO 3.K 12.99 kN.k1.2010 Date 2 Page .43 9. No. K5 K = -0.1) Constant K = h l hs {h }3 w = = = = = = 1.21 5.D C MC = MD = Ma.k3 = 0.1 2 .1 Hydrostatic Pressure-(Internal) Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.22 kN.8 kN/m2 C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc. Designed Checked Job Code S.20 kN/m2 MA = 2 MB = q1.m/m D B. The effect of live load is neglected in design when the depth of fill is more than 8 feet 3 .h .M.2 kN/m q1 = 2.1.k7 60.hw = 10. K8 k7 = 1.43 11.97 kN.1.l .64 k1 k3 k5 k7 k8 4.21 4.k3 = 0.1.Hydrostatic Pressure (Internal) q ip = C.K.m/m 4.7.22 kN.81 x 1.G l.h = Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.k1.γ.2 Flexure due to weight of wall Wall weight ( G ) = hw.Analysis Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.m/m 4.M.1) q1 Pressures G G A B 8.P Date 31.

14 -1.02 Total uls 1.38 1.38 Table .k1 = -0.0 kN.82 ** 0.h .35 -0.04 2.3 -1.m/m W.13 kN.85 1.2 Load Case -02 Culvert empty and trench filled Lateral soil pressurees giving rise to flexture in the structure "q"is the rectanguler pressure and "qep" is the triangular pressure 4.l 12.22 * -2.29 -1.61 kN.4 1.m/m γf 1.88 Walls 0.05.K.4 1.1) qep Pressures qep D B.45 3.k1.4 1.35 Walls + Roof -0.26 m 4.70 1.L 10 2.19 -0.Reference A B Calculation Output MA = D q = q1 Pressures B.4 1.83 5.35 -0.06 γf 1.M.M.19 -1.4 ulsMb 1.97 0.82 -0.m/m C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.91 kN.22 ** 1.m/m MC = MD = MA.k3 = -0.32 1.90 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle ** 0.k7 60.D C MB = MC = MD 2 = q.L 15 1.L 23.M.2.22 -0.38 1.73 ulsMb -0.45L after moment distribution ** Moment at mid span of the wall is calculated by considering full bending Calculation of midspan moment due to wall load Niutral axis depth from A = 0.qep Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.99 1.4 1.35 Fixed end mement of the wall for Hydrostatic load MA = = W. Designed Checked Job Code S.15 2.99 1.4 1.m/m = = = MC = W.35 kN.2010 Date 3 Page .1 Trianguler Pressure.4 1. No.00 -3. K8 k7 = -1.41 kN.01 Roof -0.4 1.45L from C) * Calculation of moment at mid span of walls done by aproximatly by adding moment transferred to mid span from FEM to the Maximum negative meoment occurred at 0.4 Addition of moment for Load case 01 Position A and B Hydrostatic 0.P Date 31.22 0.m/m Maximum (-ve) moment (Where x is 0.53 -0.D C A B MA = 2 MB = qep.70 -2.

22 -2.0 kN.62 9.66 13.M.72 -7.S.38 1.2 Surcharge on walls.66 13.M.83 6.35 -0.58 15.70 -2.59 -22.70 10.C.1 This is load case 02 + Hydrostatic load from Load case 01 MC = W.2010 Date 4 Page .m/m 4.72 -7.31 1.D B D Pressures B.L 15 1.72 -7.58 15.Total Roof(LC-1) e (Roof) (Survice) γf 1.m/m = = = 4.72 -0.70 -24. (Service) Total (Service) L. A and B -7.05.Reference 4.22 -17.2 Load Case -03 4.k1 = -7.L. (U.45 -7.04 2.L 23.12 9.4 1.1) Calculation A B Output MB = MC = MD 2 = q.23 kN.40 10.4 1.D C qep -0. No.k1 = -7.80 6.m/m Maximum (-ve) moment (Where x is 0.C.49 kN.13 q Walls & Surcharg .38 1.29 17.L.43 ** 13.m/m Addition of moment for Load Case 2 Posotion MA = D Pressures A C B.) Total (U.45 -16.65 -22.K 12.2.02 (Service) Hydrost.32 1.14 -1.29 -7.72 kN.99 1.l 12.45L from C) Posotion L.99 1.) Hydrost.13 -0.80 6.39 Fixed end mement of the wall due to qep MA = = W.q Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.91 -1.3 Surcharge on Roof .12 9.) A and B -16.96 14.4 1.65 0.L.22 0.06 -15.23 -16.h .2.m/m W.45 17.4 Total U.96 16.L 10 2.70 1.22 -17.69 12.S.32 -22.70 -24.M.S.P Date 31.73 -7.L. Designed Checked Job Code S.88 -21.02 4.02 (U.2.S.91 -1.3 -1.31 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle * 1.62 9.45 kN.70 10.43 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.4 1.qr MA = MB = MC = MD 2 = q.

70 -24.68 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 10.66 (L.68 10.3 Load Case -03 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Hydrostatic Pressure Total Pressure Total Pressure 6 .Slabs Maximum Moment = 24.C-02) (L.20 9.31 16.05.60 96.C-02) Sagging 14.96 9.M. No.20 9.m/m Hogging -22.U.20 9.Check on ground safe bearing pressure 5.48 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 Output kN/m2 hence ok kN/m2 115.C-03) < 150 kN/m2 = = = = = 10.C-01) (L.2 Load Case -02 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Total Pressure Total Pressure 5.60 36.C-02) (L.P Date 31.00 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 16.15 kN.L.80 kN/m2 hence ok kN/m2 122.60 96.00 16. Designed Checked Job Code S.S.C-03) (L.1 Load Case -01 Hydrostatic Pressure Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Total Pressure Total Pressure 5. of Flexture Maximum Moments kN.28 kN/m2 hence ok C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.Reference Calculation 5 .m/m Member Roof Walls Base i .83 (L.66 -24.2010 Date 5 Page .

41 < 0. for driving rain = 45 mm Cover Effective depth.044 < 0.950 d Take Z as 0.25-0.87fyz = 142 mm = 24.L.08 kN/m2 Therefore shear in the support = = 109.S. d k = 200 45 - 6 2 d = 149 mm = 149 mm 2 = M / (bd fcu) = (24.156 Hence no compression r/f is required M z = (0.1 Design of main reinforcement As = M / 0.25-k/0.1 U.15x106 /(1000x1492x25) = 0.87fy)Asz = (1 .15 x106 / 0.13 Main r/f T 12 @ 250 6.2010 Date 6 Page .P Date 31.5+(0. on roof and floor slabs Take Load case 02 Shear across support = ( 115.M. No.2 Design for Shear Reinforcement Check shear in U.Reference 6- Calculation Design Calculation for Box Culvert Output 6.87x460x142 = 426 mm2/m Use T 12 @ As req 426 452 = mm2/m mm2/m 250 ( As = mm /m 2 As pro = 452 Minimum area of main rainforcement for slabs 100As / bad = 100x452/(1000x149) Hence o.95d Z = 0.Wt of Base x γf ) = 109.L.1.9)1/2 1/2 = d [0.1.30 ## 0.1fyAs/ fcubd) d z z equation 1 equation 5 from these two equations = d (0. Designed Checked Job Code C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance S.95 x 149 6.k = 0.05. of Flexture Analysis was carried out for several load cases of various loading arrangements to find out the maximum effect on the Box culvert Diameter of main reinforcement Diameter of secondary reinforcement Section Thickness Maximum Bending Moment mm mm = 200 mm 12 12 = = = 24.08 x 1.45 kN/m Doc.2 /2 65.80 .m/m Assume severe environment condition.S.9) = 141.15 kN.044/0.95 d = 0.5+(0.

45 kN/m Output 149 mm Tension steel across shear plane = Y12 -250 c/c 100 As/bd = = BS 8110 Part 01 table 3.4% 12 @ 200 2 Layers 1131.3 Check in U.54 = V/bd = (65.1.1 Treat as a column with bending at right angle to wall Check h/hw = = 1.0 mm2 1131.4 % hence o.3.0 x 0.L.M.4.1 Design shear stress v Effective depth 100 x 452 1000x149 0.k.S.k 6.45x103)/(1000x149) = 0.2010 Date 7 Page .6. V design Effective depth.05.25 = 0.(c.1.4 ) 600 kN/m Ultimate Load /m/Wall 1/2( 96.4. 1/4 = 0.S.Reference Design shear force. The above calculation assumes that the wall is cosidered as reignfoced and not mass concrete vertical R/F provided so Area Percentage of Concrete area = Y = = = This is > Minimum of 0.76 % > 100 149 0.) hence 0.5 < 12 hence column is short BS 8110 indicates that the effect of the axial load may be ignored if this force does not exceed 0.44 N/mm2 v < vc Hence o.k.30 vc = 149 mm 1/3. No.(C. Designed Checked Job Code S. C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.P Date 31.7 x 24x1.A) = = = = 0.fcu.2 3.7 x 1.fcu.2 x 120 kN/m < hence o.s.79x{(100As/bd) (400/d) /1.a. on the ability of the wall to trasmit the axial loads Bs 8110 3.9.1 x 600 + 30 x kN/m 200 1.0 x 1000 x 0.4 1.7 / 0.2 8. d Calculation = = 65.

2010 Date 8 Page . Designed Checked Job Code S.M.Reference Calculation Output C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc. No.05.P Date 31.

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