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- Design of Culvert.
- Design of Box Culvert(AASHTO)
- Box Culvert
- Box Culvert Design Manual
- Box culvert
- Box Culvert Calculation
- Box Culvert Design
- Culvert Design
- Box Culvert
- BS 5400-Part 2 Specification for Loads
- Box Culvert by B.C.punmia Example 30.2
- STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF A REINFORCED BOX CULVERT
- Standard Dwg for Box Cell Culvert
- BOX CULVERT Spread Sheet
- Box Culvert Using is Code
- Box Culvert Two Cell
- Design of 4m span RCC slab culvert
- Design Standards for Box Culverts
- Box Culvert
- Two Cell Box Culvert

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Calculation

Output

Area of concrete Area of concrete in compression Area of tension reinforcement Minimum area of tension reinforcement Length of that part of member traversed by shear failure plane With (breath) or effective width of section Cover to outer diameter Effective depth of section Basic force used in defining compressive forces Basic force used in defining tie forces Characteristic strength of concrete Estimated design service stress in the tension reinforcement Characteristic strength of reinforcement Shear modulus Maximum horizontal force Horizontal force in x direction Horizontal force in y direction Overall depth Knife edge load Critical perimeter Dimension of element on x direction Dimension of element on y direction Dimension of element on z direction Design ultimate resistance moment Moment on x axis Moment on y axis Moment on z axis Surcharge load Internal radius of bend Serviceability limit state Traction force Thickness of the element Ultimate limit state Shear force due to design ultimate loads or design ultimate value of a concentrated load Design shear stress Design shear stress in concrete Neutral axis depth Distance from Y axis to the centroid of an element Distance from X axis to the centroid of an element Lever arm Distance from X - Y plane to point where the considered resultant force acting Coefficient, variously defined, as appropriate Strain in tension reinforcement Nominal range of movement Soil friction angle, or diameter Active earth pressure Unit weight of soil Partial load factor Partial load factor

s

a fL f3

D E C

Date Date

Job Code

Page Output

D E C

DESIGN UNIT

Date

Doc. No.

D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation

D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation

D E C

Reference

Ground Level

Output

hs

B

H

hw l

hw

hs

Figure 01 Dimentional Properties h l Soil Cover , H Safe Bearing Pressure = = = = = = = = = = = = 1.2 m 1.5 m 7.2 m 150 kN/m2 0.2 m ( hw , h = span/(10 ~15))

Properties of Soil

12 mm 45 mm 25 N/mm2 24 kN/m3

20 25 kN/m3

o

c

s

w

' 1 - Permanent Loads 1.1 Dead Loads

9.81 kN/m3

The nominal dead doad consist of the weight of the materials and the part of the structure Structural Engineering Design in preactice (Roger westbrook) (page-94) Depth of cover (H) 3 x width = = 3 x width < = 7.2 = 3 x Unit Weight of Concrete shall be taken as 24 kN/m3 Becouse of the arching of soil, check whether the depth above culvert is > 3 x width of culvert ( in which case limit depth to 3 x width )

m 1.6

So

4.8 m 7.2 m

Surcharge Presure (qr) qr

4.8 m

= =

4.8 x 96

20 kN/m2

Casses of conduit installation consider as Ditch Conduit Ditch Conduit A ditch conduit is defined as one which is instaled in a relatively narrow

ditch dug in passive or undisturbed soil and wich is then covered with earth backfill.

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

Maximum load on ditch condition Depth of cover

Calculation

Output

7.2

Surcharge on Roof

Surcharge Presure (qr) (qr) = Cd..Bd2 Cd ' = ,

1-e-2K'(H/Bd)

2.K.'

= tan '

1-sin

1+sin

'

Active Lateral earth pressure coeficient

K

Bd

Unit weight (wet density) of filling material Height of fill above top of conduite Load coeficient for ditch condition = =

H

Cd So, K

1-sin

1+sin 0.406 0.466 0.76 1.403

Bd =

'

= tan ' =

Engineering

= Cd..Bd2 =

101.0 kN/m2

1.2 Horizontal Earth Pressure If the backfill properties are known, If wall friction is to be ignored K0 Ka = 1-sin ' = ( 1-sin ' ) / ( 1+sin ' ) ( = 0 ) = = 0.58 0.41

q max

= .Ka.h = 20 x 0.41 x = 73.9 kN/m2 = 20 x 0.41 x = 15.42 kN/m2 = qmax - qep = 58.44 kN/m2

9.1

qep

1.9

q q

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

AASHTO 3.7.1 2 - Vertical Live Loads

Calculation

Output

For Fill Depths H 8 feet (2400 mm) and Culvert Clear Span Length, The effect of live load is neglected in design when the depth of fill is more than

8 feet

3 - Hydrostatic Pressure (Internal)

q ip

hs {h }3

w

= = = = = =

1.21 K+1 K+3 2K+3 2K+7 3K+8 = = = = = 2.21 4.21 5.43 9.43 11.64

k1 k3 k5 k7 k8

4.1 Load Case -01 Testing Condition 4.1.1 Hydrostatic Pressure-(Internal) Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.1)

D q = qip Pressures B.M.D C qip A B

MA =

MC =

4.1.2 Flexure due to weight of wall Wall weight ( G ) = hw..h = Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.1)

q1 Pressures G G A B

8.2 kN/m

q1 = 2.G l.hw

10.20 kN/m2

MA =

D B.M.D

MC =

MD = Ma. K5 K = -0.97

kN.m/m

kN/m2

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

A B

Calculation

Output

MA =

D q = q1 Pressures B.M.D C

MB =

MC =

MD

kN.m/m f

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

A and B

Table - 01

ulsMb

-0.19 -1.85 1.45 3.29 -1.02

Total uls

1.19 -0.15 2.83 5.00 -3.90

**

0.82

**

0.82 -0.35

Fixed end mement of the wall for Hydrostatic load MA = = W.L 15 1.61 kN.m/m = = = MC = W.L 10 2.41 kN.m/m W.L 23.3 -1.0 kN.m/m

* Calculation of moment at mid span of walls done by aproximatly by adding moment transferred to mid span from FEM to the Maximum negative meoment occurred at 0.45L after moment distribution ** Moment at mid span of the wall is calculated by considering full bending Calculation of midspan moment due to wall load Niutral axis depth from A = 0.26 m

Lateral soil pressurees giving rise to flexture in the structure "q"is the rectanguler pressure and "qep" is the triangular pressure

4.2.1 Trianguler Pressure,qep Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.1)

qep Pressures qep D B.M.D C A B

MA =

MC =

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

4.2.2 Surcharge on walls,q Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.1)

Calculation

A B

Output

MB = MC = MD 2 = q.h .K 12.k1 = -7.72 kN.m/m 4.2.3 Surcharge on Roof ,qr MA = MB = MC = MD 2 = q.l 12.k1 = -7.45 kN.m/m Addition of moment for Load Case 2

Posotion

MA =

D Pressures

A

C B.M.D

B

D Pressures B.M.D

qep

-0.91 -1.13 -0.91 -1.13

Total U.L.S.

A and B

*

1.43

**

13.39

Fixed end mement of the wall due to qep MA = = W.L 15 1.49 kN.m/m = = = 4.2 Load Case -03 4.2.1 This is load case 02 + Hydrostatic load from Load case 01 MC = W.L 10 2.23 kN.m/m W.L 23.3 -1.0 kN.m/m

Posotion

L.C.02 (Service)

Hydrost. (Service)

Total (Service)

L.C.02 (U.L.S.)

Hydrost. (U.L.S.)

Total

(U.L.S.)

A and B

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

Calculation

5 - Check on ground safe bearing pressure 5.1 Load Case -01 Hydrostatic Pressure Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Total Pressure Total Pressure 5.2 Load Case -02 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Total Pressure Total Pressure 5.3 Load Case -03 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Hydrostatic Pressure Total Pressure Total Pressure 6 - U.L.S. of Flexture Maximum Moments kN.m/m Member Roof Walls Base i - Slabs Maximum Moment = 24.15 kN.m/m Hogging -22.70 -24.66 -24.66 (L.C-01) (L.C-02) (L.C-02) Sagging 14.96 9.31 16.83 (L.C-03) (L.C-02) (L.C-03) < 150 kN/m2 = = = = = 10.20 9.60 96.00 16.68 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 10.20 9.60 96.00 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 16.68 10.20 9.60 36.48 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2

Output

kN/m2 hence ok

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

6-

Output

6.1 U.L.S. of Flexture Analysis was carried out for several load cases of various loading arrangements to find out the maximum effect on the Box culvert Diameter of main reinforcement Diameter of secondary reinforcement

mm mm = 200 mm

12 12 =

24.15

kN.m/m

Assume severe environment condition, for driving rain = 45 mm Cover Effective depth, d k =

200 45 -

6 2

= 149

mm

= 149

< 0.950 d

Take Z as 0.95d Z = 0.95 d = 0.95 x 149 6.1.1 Design of main reinforcement As = M / 0.87fyz

= 142

mm

= mm2/m mm2/m

250

( As

mm /m

As pro =

452

Minimum area of main rainforcement for slabs 100As / bad = 100x452/(1000x149) Hence o.k

= 0.30

## 0.13

Check shear in U.L.S. on roof and floor slabs Take Load case 02 Shear across support = ( 115.80 - Wt of Base x f ) = 109.08 kN/m2 Therefore shear in the support = = 109.08 x 1.2 /2 65.45 kN/m Doc. No. Designed Checked Job Code

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

Design shear force, V design Effective depth, d

Calculation

= = 65.45 kN/m

Output

100 As/bd = =

BS 8110 Part 01 table 3.1 Design shear stress v Effective depth

vc

= V/bd = (65.45x103)/(1000x149) = 0.44 N/mm2

<

vc

Hence o.k

6.3 Check in U.L.S. on the ability of the wall to trasmit the axial loads Bs 8110 3.9.3.6.2 3.4.4.1 Treat as a column with bending at right angle to wall

Check h/hw

= =

BS 8110 indicates that the effect of the axial load may be ignored if this force does not exceed 0.1.fcu.(c.s.a.)

hence

0.1.fcu.(C.S.A)

=

= = =

0.1 x

600 +

30 x

kN/m

200

1.7 x 1.4 1.7 x 24x1.4 ) 600 kN/m

The above calculation assumes that the wall is cosidered as reignfoced and not mass concrete vertical R/F provided so Area Percentage of Concrete area = Y = = = This is > Minimum of 0.4% 12 @ 200 2 Layers 1131.0 mm2 1131.0 x 1000 x 0.76 % > 100 149 0.4 % hence o.k.

C E B

S.M.P

Reference

Calculation

Output

C E B

S.M.P

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