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Calculation

Output

Ac Acc As As min av b c d Fc Ft fcu fs fy G H Hx Hy h KEL L lx ly lz M Mx My Mz q r SLS T t ULS V v vc x x' y' z z'

Area of concrete Area of concrete in compression Area of tension reinforcement Minimum area of tension reinforcement Length of that part of member traversed by shear failure plane With (breath) or effective width of section Cover to outer diameter Effective depth of section Basic force used in defining compressive forces Basic force used in defining tie forces Characteristic strength of concrete Estimated design service stress in the tension reinforcement Characteristic strength of reinforcement Shear modulus Maximum horizontal force Horizontal force in x direction Horizontal force in y direction Overall depth Knife edge load Critical perimeter Dimension of element on x direction Dimension of element on y direction Dimension of element on z direction Design ultimate resistance moment Moment on x axis Moment on y axis Moment on z axis Surcharge load Internal radius of bend Serviceability limit state Traction force Thickness of the element Ultimate limit state Shear force due to design ultimate loads or design ultimate value of a concentrated load Design shear stress Design shear stress in concrete Neutral axis depth Distance from Y axis to the centroid of an element Distance from X axis to the centroid of an element Lever arm Distance from X - Y plane to point where the considered resultant force acting Coefficient, variously defined, as appropriate Strain in tension reinforcement Nominal range of movement Soil friction angle, or diameter Active earth pressure Unit weight of soil Partial load factor Partial load factor

s

a fL f3

D E C

DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION

Doc. No. Designed Checked

Date Date

Designed Date . No.D E C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Job Code Page Output D E C DESIGN UNIT Doc.

.D E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Checked Job Code Date Page Output Doc. No.

D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page Output .

Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page Output .D DESIGN UNIT E EPC DIVISION C CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Reference Calculation Doc. No.

D E C DESIGN UNIT EPC DIVISION CENTRAL ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY BUREAU (CECB) Doc. No. Designed Checked Job Code Date Date Page .

2 = 3 x Unit Weight of Concrete shall be taken as 24 kN/m3 Becouse of the arching of soil.2010 Date 1 Page .2 m 150 kN/m2 0. Designed Checked Job Code S.1 Dead Loads 9. Ceylon Electricity Board C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.6 So 4. No.2 m ( hw .81 kN/m3 The nominal dead doad consist of the weight of the materials and the part of the structure Structural Engineering Design in preactice (Roger westbrook) (page-94) Depth of cover (H) 3 x width = = 3 x width < = 7.5 m 7.8 x 96 20 kN/m2 Soil Engineering (Spangler & Handy) Casses of conduit installation consider as Ditch Conduit Ditch Conduit A ditch conduit is defined as one which is instaled in a relatively narrow ditch dug in passive or undisturbed soil and wich is then covered with earth backfill.8 m = = 4.M.P Date 31.8 m 7.Reference Calculation Design of Box Culvert Ground Level Output X A hs B H Y hw l h hw D hs C Figure 01 Dimentional Properties h l Soil Cover .2 m Depth limited to Surcharge on Roof Surcharge Presure (qr) qr = 4. h = span/(10 ~15)) Section Thickness Main R/F Cover to R/F Grade of Concrete Properties of Soil 12 mm 45 mm 25 N/mm2 24 kN/m3 20 25 kN/m3 o γc γs γw Φ' 1 . H Safe Bearing Pressure = = = = = = = = = = = = 1.Permanent Loads 1.2 m 1. check whether the depth above culvert is > 3 x width of culvert ( in which case limit depth to 3 x width ) m 1.05.

µ' = tan φ' K = 1-sin φ 1+sin φ µ' - coedicient of friction between fill material and side of ditch Active Lateral earth pressure coeficient K Bd γ - Horizontal width of ditch at top of conduit Unit weight (wet density) of filling material Height of fill above top of conduite Load coeficient for ditch condition = = - H Cd So.2 Horizontal Earth Pressure If the backfill properties are known.µ'.Reference Maximum load on ditch condition Depth of cover Calculation Output = 7.41 x = 15.76 1.0 kN/m2 1.2010 Date 1 Page .466 0.K.M. If wall friction is to be ignored K0 Ka = 1-sin Φ' = ( 1-sin Φ' ) / ( 1+sin Φ' ) (δ = 0 ) = = 0.05.58 0. 1-e-2Kµ'(H/Bd) 2.K.Bd2 Cd µ' = .403 Bd = 3.(H/Bd) = Cd (qr) (qr) Structural Engineering = = Cd.Ka.41 Design in preactice (Roger westbrook) (page-94) q max = γ.qep = 58.42 kN/m2 = qmax .2 m Surcharge on Roof Surcharge Presure (qr) (qr) = Cd.60 m. K 1-sin φ 1+sin φ 0.P Date 31. No.h = 20 x 0.1 qep 1.γ.44 kN/m2 9.41 x = 73.9 kN/m2 = 20 x 0.γ.Bd2 = 101. Designed Checked Job Code S.406 0.9 q q Ceylon Electricity Board C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc. Consider 1m length of Roof slab µ' = tan φ' = 2.

1 2 .m/m D B.k3 = 0.68 kN/m2 4 .7 = 16.γc = 4.64 k1 k3 k5 k7 k8 4. K8 k7 = 1.1.M.81 x 1. No.M.K.Vertical Live Loads Calculation Output For Fill Depths H ≥ 8 feet (2400 mm) and Culvert Clear Span Length.K 12.Hydrostatic Pressure (Internal) q ip = C.8 kN/m2 C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.1 Hydrostatic Pressure-(Internal) Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.k1.h .m/m 4.22 kN.20 kN/m2 MA = 2 MB = q1.1) D q = qip Pressures B.l .22 kN.1.m/m MC = MD = Ma.2 kN/m q1 = 2.7.γ.1 Load Case -01 Testing Condition 4.Reference AASHTO 3.D C qip A B MA = 2 MB = qip.D C MC = MD = Ma.2010 Date 2 Page .97 kN.99 kN.k7 60.h = 9.21 5.21 4. Designed Checked Job Code S.k1.3 Flexure due to weight of Roof q = hs.43 11.m/m 4.h = Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5. The effect of live load is neglected in design when the depth of fill is more than 8 feet 3 .k3 = 0.43 9.05.1.G l.1) Constant K = h l hs {h }3 w = = = = = = 1.M.21 K+1 K+3 2K+3 2K+7 3K+8 = = = = = 2.P Date 31.2 Flexure due to weight of wall Wall weight ( G ) = hw.1) q1 Pressures G G A B 8.Analysis Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.hw = 10. K5 K = -0.

m/m MC = MD = MA.85 1.Reference A B Calculation Output MA = D q = q1 Pressures B.70 1.4 1.45 3.41 kN.06 γf 1.99 1.k3 = -0.2 Load Case -02 Culvert empty and trench filled Lateral soil pressurees giving rise to flexture in the structure "q"is the rectanguler pressure and "qep" is the triangular pressure 4.L 15 1.35 kN.97 0.4 1.1 Trianguler Pressure.2.M.35 -0.k7 60.38 1.h .82 ** 0.35 -0.90 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle ** 0.2010 Date 3 Page .L 23.m/m W.m/m γf 1.M.70 -2.4 Addition of moment for Load case 01 Position A and B Hydrostatic 0.4 1.02 Total uls 1.91 kN.35 Fixed end mement of the wall for Hydrostatic load MA = = W. Designed Checked Job Code S.m/m C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.22 -0.14 -1.26 m 4.19 -0.88 Walls 0.22 ** 1.05.k1 = -0.4 ulsMb 1.k1.29 -1.D C A B MA = 2 MB = qep.15 2.35 Walls + Roof -0. No.4 1.P Date 31.45L from C) * Calculation of moment at mid span of walls done by aproximatly by adding moment transferred to mid span from FEM to the Maximum negative meoment occurred at 0.53 -0.D C MB = MC = MD 2 = q.4 1.82 -0.0 kN.38 1.45L after moment distribution ** Moment at mid span of the wall is calculated by considering full bending Calculation of midspan moment due to wall load Niutral axis depth from A = 0.1) qep Pressures qep D B.83 5.4 1.4 1.01 Roof -0.3 -1.00 -3.19 -1.m/m Maximum (-ve) moment (Where x is 0.l 12. K8 k7 = -1.61 kN.L 10 2.04 2.13 kN.4 1.32 1.22 0.22 * -2.qep Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.m/m = = = MC = W.38 Table .K.M.73 ulsMb -0.99 1.

m/m Addition of moment for Load Case 2 Posotion MA = D Pressures A C B.06 -15.L 15 1.l 12.96 16.73 -7.0 kN.C.80 6. Designed Checked Job Code S.72 -7.2 Surcharge on walls.1) Calculation A B Output MB = MC = MD 2 = q.72 kN.2010 Date 4 Page .L 10 2.M.31 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle * 1.72 -7.49 kN.1 This is load case 02 + Hydrostatic load from Load case 01 MC = W.72 -0.43 ** 13.qr MA = MB = MC = MD 2 = q.59 -22.22 -2.L 23.29 17.70 10. (Service) Total (Service) L.Total Roof(LC-1) e (Roof) (Survice) γf 1.58 15.m/m 4.2 Load Case -03 4.02 (Service) Hydrost.88 -21.k1 = -7. (U.70 -24.L.45 kN.2.D B D Pressures B.69 12.q Reinforced Concrete Designers Manual (ref-5.14 -1.h .S.4 1. No.13 -0.P Date 31.K 12.62 9.70 -2.45 -7.m/m = = = 4.02 (U.32 -22.22 -17.43 C and D Roof midSpan Base midSpan Walls middle C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.91 -1.D C qep -0.70 1.22 0.3 -1.4 Total U.45 -16.) Total (U.S.L.91 -1.99 1.80 6.05.38 1.) A and B -16.23 -16.2.39 Fixed end mement of the wall due to qep MA = = W. A and B -7.S.12 9.65 -22.99 1.4 1.02 4.04 2.31 1.12 9.23 kN.M.Reference 4.L.m/m W.70 10.66 13.66 13.32 1.13 q Walls & Surcharg .45 17.40 10.96 14.k1 = -7.65 0.m/m Maximum (-ve) moment (Where x is 0.) Hydrost.22 -17.3 Surcharge on Roof .58 15.S.4 1.4 1.70 -24.2.L.45L from C) Posotion L.C.83 6.72 -7.62 9.29 -7.35 -0.38 1.M.

Reference Calculation 5 .20 9.U.68 10.C-02) (L.00 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 16.60 36.m/m Hogging -22. No.2010 Date 5 Page .m/m Member Roof Walls Base i .28 kN/m2 hence ok C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc. Designed Checked Job Code S.L.96 9.15 kN.1 Load Case -01 Hydrostatic Pressure Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Total Pressure Total Pressure 5.M.20 9.66 (L.31 16.C-02) (L.48 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 Output kN/m2 hence ok kN/m2 115. of Flexture Maximum Moments kN.C-03) < 150 kN/m2 = = = = = 10.05.70 -24.P Date 31.Check on ground safe bearing pressure 5.00 16.C-01) (L.3 Load Case -03 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Hydrostatic Pressure Total Pressure Total Pressure 6 .S.83 (L.C-03) (L.68 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 < 150 kN/m2 = = = = 10.2 Load Case -02 Weight of walls Weight of Roof + Floor Surcharge on Roof Total Pressure Total Pressure 5.60 96.80 kN/m2 hence ok kN/m2 122.66 -24.60 96.C-02) Sagging 14.20 9.Slabs Maximum Moment = 24.

2 /2 65.1 U.044/0.1.S.Reference 6- Calculation Design Calculation for Box Culvert Output 6.30 ## 0.M.950 d Take Z as 0. Designed Checked Job Code C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance S.1 Design of main reinforcement As = M / 0. of Flexture Analysis was carried out for several load cases of various loading arrangements to find out the maximum effect on the Box culvert Diameter of main reinforcement Diameter of secondary reinforcement Section Thickness Maximum Bending Moment mm mm = 200 mm 12 12 = = = 24.5+(0.45 kN/m Doc.156 Hence no compression r/f is required M z = (0.m/m Assume severe environment condition.87x460x142 = 426 mm2/m Use T 12 @ As req 426 452 = mm2/m mm2/m 250 ( As = mm /m 2 As pro = 452 Minimum area of main rainforcement for slabs 100As / bad = 100x452/(1000x149) Hence o.80 .95 x 149 6. for driving rain = 45 mm Cover Effective depth.25-k/0.P Date 31.25-0.k = 0.15x106 /(1000x1492x25) = 0.1.L.044 < 0.87fy)Asz = (1 .2010 Date 6 Page . No.41 < 0.L.1fyAs/ fcubd) d z z equation 1 equation 5 from these two equations = d (0.9)1/2 1/2 = d [0.95 d = 0.08 kN/m2 Therefore shear in the support = = 109.Wt of Base x γf ) = 109.08 x 1.13 Main r/f T 12 @ 250 6. d k = 200 45 - 6 2 d = 149 mm = 149 mm 2 = M / (bd fcu) = (24.9) = 141.15 kN. on roof and floor slabs Take Load case 02 Shear across support = ( 115.S.15 x106 / 0.87fyz = 142 mm = 24.05.5+(0.2 Design for Shear Reinforcement Check shear in U.95d Z = 0.

L.7 / 0.k. The above calculation assumes that the wall is cosidered as reignfoced and not mass concrete vertical R/F provided so Area Percentage of Concrete area = Y = = = This is > Minimum of 0. V design Effective depth.0 x 1000 x 0.S.S.2 8.4 1.45 kN/m Output 149 mm Tension steel across shear plane = Y12 -250 c/c 100 As/bd = = BS 8110 Part 01 table 3.76 % > 100 149 0.2 3.1.fcu.05.(c.4% 12 @ 200 2 Layers 1131.7 x 24x1.44 N/mm2 v < vc Hence o.25 = 0. on the ability of the wall to trasmit the axial loads Bs 8110 3. No.) hence 0. Designed Checked Job Code S. 1/4 = 0.Reference Design shear force.45x103)/(1000x149) = 0.54 = V/bd = (65.(C.4 ) 600 kN/m Ultimate Load /m/Wall 1/2( 96.6.79x{(100As/bd) (400/d) /1.9.A) = = = = 0.0 x 0.1 x 600 + 30 x kN/m 200 1.5 < 12 hence column is short BS 8110 indicates that the effect of the axial load may be ignored if this force does not exceed 0. d Calculation = = 65.4 % hence o.s.M.P Date 31.7 x 1.4.k 6.0 mm2 1131.2010 Date 7 Page . C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc.3 Check in U.4.a.1.3.fcu.k.1 Treat as a column with bending at right angle to wall Check h/hw = = 1.1 Design shear stress v Effective depth 100 x 452 1000x149 0.30 vc = 149 mm 1/3.2 x 120 kN/m < hence o.

05.2010 Date 8 Page .P Date 31. Designed Checked Job Code S.Reference Calculation Output C E B Dam Safety Environmental & Civil Structure Maintanance Doc. No.M.

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