Online Job Portal

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION
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Online Job Portal

1.1. INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT
This project is developed an online Job Portal for the Placement Dept. of the company. The system is an online application that can be accessed throughout the organization and outside as well with proper login provided. This system can be used as an Online Job Portal for the Placement Dept of the organization to manage the student information with regards to placement. Students logging should be able to upload their information in the form of a CV. Visitors/Company representatives logging in may also access/search any information put up by Students. The project has been planned to be having the view of distributed architecture, with centralized storage of the database. The application for the storage of the data has been planned. Using the constructs of MS-SQL Server and all the user interfaces have been designed using the ASP.Net technologies. The database connectivity is planned using the “SQL Connection” methodology. The standards of security and data protective mechanism have been given a big choice for proper usage. The application takes care of different modules and their associated reports, which are produced as per the applicable strategies and standards that are put forwarded by the administrative staff. The entire project has been developed keeping in view of the distributed client server computing technology, in mind. The specification has been normalized up to 3NF to eliminate all the anomalies that may arise due to the database transaction that are executed by the general users and the organizational administration. The user interfaces are browser specific to give distributed accessibility for the overall system. The internal database has been selected as MS-SQL server 200.The basic constructs of table spaces, clusters and indexes have been exploited to provide higher consistency and reliability for the data storage. The MS-SQL server 200 was a choice as it provides the constructs of high-level reliability and security. The total front end was dominated using the ASP.Net technologies. At all proper levels high care was taken to check that the system manages the data consistency with proper business rules or validations.

1.2.

ORGANIZATION PROFILE
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8Sigma Softvill Technologies, a most promising IT solution providing company is a onestop shop for all your business needs. Besides rendering professional and comprehensive business solutions we also caters to a range of services in software and web technology.The acuminous insight of our team has help set standards in this ever evolving industry... 8Sigma Softvill Technologies strives to achieve commercial success through non commercial satisfaction. Customer satisfaction is paramount to us, which we seek by providing quality services at competitive prices. 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLGIES has been Web Design & software development experience in programming using PHP, C++, Perl, ASP, ASP.net, JSP, Visual Basic, Java using variety of databases like MySQL, MSSQL, Access, on various platforms like Linux, Apache, Windows 98,2000,2003 & XP. We are highly responsive and provide you an interactive cycle of web-development - from prototype to development, documentation and testing. We provide robust, secure and highly scalable solutions to enhance your business.

Services :

We are highly competent in operating all the standard platforms of technology that are required to handle different domains of business. We offers a wide range of services including professional web design and web development, Customized software development, e-commerce solutions & BPO services. Our team closely follows new trends and effectively implements fresh ideas and novel approaches. 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLGIES has been Web Design & software development experience in programming using PHP, C++, Perl, ASP, ASP.net, JSP, Visual Basic, Java using variety of databases like MySQL, MSSQL, Access, on various platforms like Linux, Apache, Windows 98,2000,2003 & XP. We are highly responsive and provide you an interactive cycle of web-development - from prototype to development, documentation and testing. We provide robust, secure and highly scalable solutions to enhance your business.

.NET :

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NET framework represents a major step forward for Microsoft developers.Net / Vb . It lets programmers create web pages with dynamic content that can interact with databases. If you're looking for something new to do with PHP. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has made significant investments in creating and growing the Java Competency Center. JAVA : Java Competency Center helps clients realize the benefits of Enterprise Java J2EE platforms.P. The objectives of this team involve:• • • • • • Providing technical solutions implementing Microsoft . This is a huge advantage when you need to develop web based software applications. offshore cost and scalability.NET Resolving problems faced in applying Microsoft . With trained and experienced Java specialists.Online Job Portal Microsoft . WEB DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT : Dr.NET technology Establishing a forum for knowledge sharing among developers Building competency in chosen Microsoft servers and services Developing reusable components that can be used across projects Conducting organization-wide training programs in Microsoft technologies PHP : PHP is recursively known as PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.N. in order to provide offshore PHP programming services for both new and existing dynamic websites running on the PHP.NET Framework (Asp . look no further. engineers in 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies Competency Center conduct internal training programs for continuous learning and hands on experience. B. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies Java Competency Center uses deep platform expertise in developing and delivering enterprise solutions. We have it right here! 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies provides timely. encompassing many of the object-oriented design disciplines and managed code innovations that have become popular in e-business application development over the last few years.Net / C# etc).C. Ytl Page 4 . 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies leverages offshore cost and scalability advantage to significantly reduce development cost across various J2EE development. Apache and MySQL combination becoming choice of masses for delivering dynamic web content. Consequently. many developers now swear by it. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has built a competency center that focuses on skill building. This open source server side scripting language has become wildly popular over the past few years. efficient and affordable PHP Programming Services. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has established a special competency center to spread knowledge and promote best practices with Microsoft's new . and related technologies including Web Services and J2ME.E. knowledge management and pioneering research in emerging Java technologies. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies reduces software development costs by over 50% by leveraging competency expertise.

Online Job Portal

At 8 Sigma Softvill , we are striving to understand changing customer needs. We want to make our customers' lives easier by simply making technology usable. We have solid Information Systems Professionals, who with the help of world class tools and equipment, study, design, develop, enhance, customize, implement, maintain and support various aspects of Information Technology. We have the expertise and experience to help you cut costs significantly without impacting product quality or delivery schedules. 8 Sigma Softvill Offshore Software Development, is committed to provide ever increasing levels of customer satisfaction by offering the highest quality in software development, e-commerce solutions, web site design, after sales and other IT enabled services. For this, we use modern software development platforms and software development tools. We have top class software professionals like project managers, software engineers, software programmers, software application developers, software quality testers, web designers and technical writers with exclusive skill sets for this. Transparent project management and change management practices that emphasize customer communication at pre-determined intervals through e-mail, teleconferencing and video conferencing ensure that the customer and project delivery teams carry a consistent understanding of requirements and project status at all times. Our area of software development takes it birth from the basic requirement of a small vendor or even a kid and grows up to fulfill the requirements of large corporations.

Careers Create. Innovate. Be the best. Within this world, you are your own boss. You set your own standards and you strive to meet them. Every team member is an asset, and 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES knows that only the best people can help make it the best company. Providing impeccable services to Clients requires people who probe their business, understand it, and interpret it for the global web environment. Empowering our people to deliver their best at all times is a continuous process at 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES. The twin objectives of career development at 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES are: * To provide opportunities to enhance their competencies and in turn achieve career objectives. * To ensure that career development activities are aligned with organizational objectives to achieve growth for the organization.

1.3.
• • •

PROBLEM IN EXISTING SYSTEM

Cannot Upload and Download the latest updates. No use of Web Services and Remoting. Risk of mismanagement and of data when the project is under development. Page 5

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Online Job Portal

• • •

Less Security. No proper coordination between different Applications and Users. Fewer Users - Friendly.

1.4.

SOLUTION OF THESE PROBLEMS

The development of the new system contains the following activities, which try to automate the entire process keeping in view of the database integration approach. 1. User friendliness is provided in the application with various controls. 2. The system makes the overall project management much easier and flexible. 3. Readily upload the latest updates, allows user to download the alerts by clicking the URL. 4. There is no risk of data mismanagement at any level while the project development is under process. 5. It provides high level of security with different level of authenticati

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Online Job Portal

Chapter 2

SYSTEM ANALYSIS
2.1. INTRODUCTION
After analyzing the requirements of the task to be performed, the next step is to analyze the problem and understand its context. The first activity in the phase is studying the existing system and other is to understand the requirements and domain of the new system. Both the activities are equally important, but the first activity serves as a basis of giving the functional specifications and then Dr. B.N.C.P.E, Ytl Page 7

C. improper understanding of present system can lead diversion from solution.P. In this model the sequence of activities performed in a software development project are: • • • • • • • Requirement Analysis Project Planning System design Detail design Coding Unit testing System integration & testing Here the linear ordering of these activities is critical. which states that the phases are organized in a linear order.2. End of the phase and the output of one phase is the input of other phase.Online Job Portal successful design of the proposed system. The output of each phase is to be consistent with the overall requirement of the system. Once that part is over the requirement analysis and project planning begins. B. If system exists one and modification and addition of new module is needed. Ytl Integration Page 8 Delivered Software Product Delivery . Understanding the properties and requirements of a new system is more difficult and requires creative thinking and understanding of existing running system is also difficult. 2. The design starts after the requirement analysis is complete and the coding begins after the design is complete.E. First of all the feasibility study is done. the testing is done. Some of the qualities of spiral model are also incorporated like after the Requirements Communicated people concerned with the project review completion of each of the phase the work done. analysis of present system can be used as basic model. Requirements Changed WATER FALL MODEL was being chosen because all requirements were known beforehand Requirements and the objective of our software development is the computerization/automation of an already Specification Requirements existing manual working system Engineering Design Specificatio n Executable Software Modules Integrated Software Product Design Programming Maintenance Dr. Once the programming is completed. ANALYSIS MODEL The model that is basically being followed is the WATER FALL MODEL.N.

E. B.Online Job Portal Process Product Input Product Output Fig 2. STUDY OF THE SYSTEM GUI’S In the flexibility of the uses the interface has been developed a graphics concept in mind.P.C. Ytl Page 9 .2: Water Fall Model 2.N. The operational or generic user interface Dr. The GUI’S at the top level have been categorized as 1.3. Administrative user interface 2. associated through a browses interface.

city.C. Ytl Page 10 .Online Job Portal The administrative user interface concentrates on the consistent information that is practically. experience. state.N. Job Seeker Dr. NUMBER OF MODULES The system after careful analysis has been identified to be presented with the following modules: The modules involved are: • • • • • • • Admin Job Seeker Job Provider Notification Search Report Authentication Admin In this module Admin will add all the qualifications. country and update and delete information about the job provider or job seeker he can also search for the job seeker and he can send mail to offer the job to job seeker and he can also see the jobs add by the job provider. The operational user interface also helps the ordinary users in managing their own information helps the ordinary users in managing their own information in a customized manner as per the assisted flexibilities. The interfaces help the administrations with all the transactional states like Data insertion. skill.E. part of the organizational activities and which needs proper authentication for the data collection. The operational or generic user interface helps the users upon the system in transactions through the existing data and required services. B.P. Data deletion and Date updation along with the extensive data search capabilities.

all jobs generated by the job providers.Online Job Portal In this module Job Seeker register him self and upload his resume and fill the profile give by admin and after login he will search for the job on various conditions and he can change his profiles and resume and he can apply for the jobs based on various conditions.com. Ytl Page 11 . conceptualize the Solution Architecture. • Provide an environment for upgradation of application for newer versions that are available in the same domain as web service target. particular job provider.C. Dr. Job provider In this module Job Provider register him self and his company and after login he will add new job and he can search for the job seekers on various condition and he can offer the job to job seeker according to the job profile and he can also see the response from the job seekers and send the mail. all job seeker and job provider. Depict the various architectural components.N.P. He can see the response of the company and he can call the company person for the interview.E. Authentication:This module contains all the information about the authenticated user. PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS: • Based on the given requirements. Reports:This module contains all the information about the reports generated by the admin based on the particular job seeker. web methods and database infrastructure needed both and client and server. Design the web services. User without his username and password can’t enter into the login if he is only the authenticated user then he can enter to his login. Choose the domain of your interest otherwise develop the application for ultimatedotnet. Notification In this module admin and job provider send the notification to the job seeker in the form of email. B. show interactions and connectedness and show internal and external elements.

8 GHz Processor and Above RAM 512MB and Above HDD 20 GB Hard Disk Space and Above SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: • • • • • WINDOWS OS (XP/2000/SEVEN / 2000/ 2003 Server) Visual Studio .Online Job Portal 2.P.Net 2008 Enterprise Edition Internet Information Server 5. To build strong password mechanism. Ytl Page 12 . make navigational sequence proper.E. The proposed software will cover the information needs with respect to each request of the user group viz.0 (IIS)/LATER Visual Studio . Auditor Level.N. PROPOSED SYSTEM To debug the existing system. FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE MODEL As far as the project is developed the functionality is simple. remove procedures those cause data redundancy. accepting the request. User Level and State Web Coordinator Level. management Level.Net Framework3. To provide information about audits on different level and also to reflect the current work status depending on organization/auditor or date.4. providing vulnerability document report and the current status of the audit. The entire scope has been classified into five streams knows as Coordinator Level. B.0 (Minimal for Deployment) SQL Server 2005/2008 Enterprise Edition 2. Dr. the objective of the proposal is to strengthen the functioning of Audit Status Monitoring and make them effective and better. HARDWARE SPECIFICATIONS HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS: • • • PIV 2.5.C.

N. Operators enter his or her user id and password. B. outputs and major functions of the system are as follows INPUTS: • • • • • Head operator enters his or her user id and password. User requests the reports. Technicians enter his or her user id and password.P.6.E. Page 13 Dr.Online Job Portal WORKING OF THE SYSTEM The entire scope has been classified into five streams known as: Coordinator Level (Addressing the information management needs of coordinator) Management Level (Addressing the information management needs of management) Auditor Level (Addressing the information management needs of auditors) User Level (Addressing the information management needs of the user group) State Web Coordinator level (Addressing the needs of coordinator of the state) 2. INPUT AND OUTPUT The main inputs. Ytl .C. Sub technicians enter his or her user id and password.

• Technicians receive personal and technical details.C. Ytl Page 14 . B. • Displays search result. PROCESS MODELS USED WITH JUSTIFICATION ACCESS CONTROL FOR DATA WHICH REQUIRE USER AUTHENTICATION The following commands specify access control identifiers and they are typically used to authorize and authenticate the user (command codes are shown in parentheses) USER NAME (USER) The user identification is that which is required by the server for access to its file system. OUTPUTS: • Head operator receives personal details.7. • Operator receives the personal details. PASSWORD (PASS) Dr.N. This command will normally be the first command transmitted by the user after the control connections are made (some servers may require this).P. 2. • Users receive requested reports.E.Online Job Portal • • User requests the search. Head operator can edits the personal details and so on.

it is desirable in general to "mask" it or suppress type out. for some sites. and.E.C. B.P. Dr.N. Since password information is quite sensitive. completes the user's identification for access control. Ytl Page 15 .Online Job Portal This command must be immediately preceded by the user name command.

E. Ytl Page 16 . There are aspects in the feasibility study portion of the preliminary investigation: • • • Technical Feasibility Operation Feasibility Economical Feasibility 3.P. All system is feasible if they are unlimited resources and infinite time.N. Technical Feasibility Dr.Online Job Portal Chapter 3 Feasibility Report Preliminary investigation examine project feasibility. The main objective of the feasibility study is to test the Technical. Operational and Economical feasibility for adding new modules and debugging old running system. B. the likelihood the system will be useful to the organization.1.C.

ease of access and data security? Earlier no system existed to cater to the needs of ‘Secure Infrastructure Implementation System’.Online Job Portal The technical issue usually raised during the feasibility stage of the investigation includes the following: • • • • • Does the necessary technology exist to do what is suggested? Do the proposed equipments have the technical capacity to hold the data required to use the new system? Will the proposed system provide adequate response to inquiries.C. The software and hard requirements for the development of this project are not many and are already available inhouse at NIC or are available as free as open source. Ytl Page 17 . regardless of the number or location of users? Can the system be upgraded if developed? Are there technical guarantees of accuracy. Therefore.P. Thus it provides an easy access to the users. The current system developed is technically feasible. The database’s purpose is to create. reliability and security.2. Operational Feasibility Proposed projects are beneficial only if they can be turned out into information system. Some of the important issues raised are to test the operational feasibility of a project includes the following: • • • Is there sufficient support for the management from the users? Will the system be used and work properly if it is being developed and implemented? Will there be any resistance from the user that will undermine the possible application benefits? Dr. B. 3.N.E. establish and maintain a workflow among various entities in order to facilitate all concerned users in their various capacities or roles. Permission to the users would be granted based on the roles specified. It is a web based user interface for audit workflow at NIC-CSD. it provides the technical guarantee of accuracy. The work for the project is done with the current equipment and existing software technology. That will meet the organization’s operating requirements. Operational feasibility aspects of the project are to be taken as an important part of the project implementation. Necessary bandwidth exists for providing a fast feedback to the users irrespective of the number of users using the system. reliability.

P. The system is economically feasible. There is nominal expenditure and economical feasibility for certain.N. Ytl Page 18 .Online Job Portal 3.E. B. In the economical feasibility. the development cost in creating the system is evaluated against the ultimate benefit derived from the new systems. It does not require any addition hardware or software.C. Financial benefits must equal or exceed the costs.3. Economic Feasibility A system can be developed technically and that will be used if installed must still be a good investment for the organization. Chapter 4 Dr. Since the interface for this system is developed using the existing resources and technologies available at NIC.

B.E. Site Explorer is designed for management of web sites from a remote location.N. INTRODUCTION Purpose: The main purpose for preparing this document is to give a general insight into the analysis and requirements of the existing system or situation and for determining the operating characteristics of the system.Online Job Portal SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION The software.C. Any changes made to the requirements in the future will have to go through formal change approval process. Scope: This Document plays a vital role in the development life cycle (SDLC) and it describes the complete requirement of the system. It is meant for use by the developers and will be the basic during testing phase.P. DEVELOPERS RESPONSIBILITIES OVERVIEW: The developer is responsible for: Dr. Ytl Page 19 .

Submitting the required user manual describing the system interfaces to work on it and also the documents of the system. B.N.Online Job Portal • • • • • Developing the system.E. Maintaining the system for a period of one year after installation. Conducting any user training that might be needed for using the system. Chapter 5 Dr.P. which meets the SRS and solving all the requirements of the system? Demonstrating the system and installing the system at client's location after the acceptance testing is successful. Ytl Page 20 .C.

P.E.NET Framework is designed to fulfill the following objectives: • To provide a consistent object-oriented programming environment whether object code is stored and executed locally. To make the developer experience consistent across widely varying types of applications. To provide a code-execution environment that minimizes software deployment and versioning conflicts. such as Windows-based applications and Web-based applications. To provide a code-execution environment that guarantees safe execution of code.NET Framework is a new computing platform that simplifies application development in the highly distributed environment of the Internet. B. To provide a code-execution environment that eliminates the performance problems of scripted or interpreted environments. including code created by an unknown or semi-trusted third party.C.1 INTRODUCTION TO . Ytl Page 21 .NET Framework can integrate with any other code. • • • • • Dr.N. The .NET FRAMEWORK The . or executed remotely. To build all communication on industry standards to ensure that code based on the . executed locally but Internet-distributed.Online Job Portal LITERATURE REVIEW 5.

while also enforcing strict type safety and other forms of code accuracy that ensure security and robustness. ASP. server-side environment for managed code. ASP.P.NET works directly with the runtime to enable Web Forms applications and XML Web services. both of which are discussed later in this topic. such as Web Forms and XML Web services. The . Ytl Page 22 .NET Framework.E. The illustration also shows how managed code operates within a larger architecture. The class library.NET Framework can be hosted by unmanaged components that load the common language runtime into their processes and initiate the execution of managed code. object-oriented collection of reusable types that you can use to develop applications ranging from traditional command-line or graphical user interface (GUI) applications to applications based on the latest innovations provided by ASP. Code that targets the runtime is known as managed code. thread management. the other main component of the .NET Framework has two main components: the common language runtime and the . Internet Explorer is an example of an unmanaged application that hosts the runtime (in the form of a MIME type extension). Hosting the runtime in this way makes managed mobile code (similar to Microsoft® ActiveX® controls) possible. thread execution. code execution. FEATURE OF THE COMMON LANGUAGE RUNTIME The common language runtime manages memory. The following illustration shows the relationship of the common language runtime and the class library to your applications and to the overall system. These features are intrinsic to the managed code that runs on the common language runtime. such as semi-trusted execution and secure isolated file storage.Online Job Portal The . and Remoting. but with significant improvements that only managed code can offer.NET Framework.NET. code safety verification. Using Internet Explorer to host the runtime enables you to embed managed components or Windows Forms controls in HTML documents. You can think of the runtime as an agent that manages code at execution time. In fact. For example. The common language runtime is the foundation of the .N. providing core services such as memory management. and other system services. thereby creating a software environment that can exploit both managed and unmanaged features. the concept of code management is a fundamental principle of the runtime.NET hosts the runtime to provide a scalable. The . is a comprehensive.C. B. Dr.NET Framework class library. compilation.NET Framework not only provides several runtime hosts. but also supports the development of third-party runtime hosts. while code that does not target the runtime is known as unmanaged code.

Language compilers that target the .Online Job Portal With regards to security. B. the class library. even if it is being used in the same active application. This means that managed code can consume other managed types and instances. or other sensitive functions. The CTS ensures that all managed code is self-describing. the managed environment of the runtime eliminates many common software issues. enterprise network. the runtime can be hosted by high-performance. The runtime also enforces code robustness by implementing a strict type. While the runtime is designed for the software of the future. users can trust that an executable embedded in a Web page can play an animation on screen or sing a song. A feature called just-intime (JIT) compiling enables all managed code to run in the native machine language of the system on which it is executing. In addition. managed components are awarded varying degrees of trust. registry-access operations. programmers can write applications in their development language of choice.NET Framework make the features of the . This automatic memory management resolves the two most common application errors. but cannot access their personal data. Although the common language runtime provides many standard runtime services. the memory manager removes the possibilities of fragmented memory and increases memory locality-of-reference to further increase performance. depending on a number of factors that include their origin (such as the Internet. or network. This infrastructure enables you to Dr. This means that a managed component might or might not be able to perform fileaccess operations. or local computer). Interoperability between managed and unmanaged code enables developers to continue to use necessary COM components and DLLs. For example. The runtime also accelerates developer productivity. For example. server-side applications.P. Any compiler vendor who chooses to target the runtime can do so. file system. such as Microsoft® SQL Server™ and Internet Information Services (IIS). For example. and components written in other languages by other developers. greatly easing the migration process for existing applications. it also supports software of today and yesterday. the runtime automatically handles object layout and manages references to objects.NET Framework available to existing code written in that language. Finally. The security features of the runtime thus enable legitimate Internet-deployed software to be exceptionally featuring rich. managed code is never interpreted. The runtime is designed to enhance performance. yet take full advantage of the runtime. releasing them when they are no longer being used.C. The runtime enforces code access security.E.N. memory leaks and invalid memory references.and codeverification infrastructure called the common type system (CTS). Meanwhile. Ytl Page 23 . The various Microsoft and third-party language compilers Generate managed code that conforms to the CTS. while strictly enforcing type fidelity and type safety.

the Windows Forms classes are a comprehensive set of reusable types that vastly simplify Windows GUI development.Online Job Portal use managed code to write your business logic. Windows services. the class library includes types that support a variety of specialized development scenarios.NET Framework to develop the following types of applications and services: • • • • • • Console applications. In addition to these common tasks. If you write an ASP. while still enjoying the superior performance of the industry's best enterprise servers that support runtime hosting.NET Framework collection classes implement a set of interfaces that you can use to develop your own collection classes. you can use the Web Forms classes. providing types from which your own managed code can derive functionality. Scripted or hosted applications.NET Framework types enable you to accomplish a range of common programming tasks.C. the . Your collection classes will blend seamlessly with the classes in the . Windows GUI applications (Windows Forms). the . XML Web services. data collection. but also reduces the time associated with learning new features of the .NET Framework. database connectivity. The class library is object oriented. you can use the . In addition. For example. ASP. including tasks such as string management. For example. As you would expect from an object-oriented class library.NET Framework class library is a collection of reusable types that tightly integrate with the common language runtime.NET Web Form application. . CLIENT APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Dr. B.E.NET applications.NET Framework.NET Framework types easy to use.N.P.NET Framework. This not only makes the . third-party components can integrate seamlessly with classes in the .NET FRAMEWORK CLASS LIBRARY The . For example. Ytl Page 24 . and file access.

This application is much like other client applications: it is executed natively. consistent development environment that drastically simplifies the development of client applications. as well as custom business applications such as data-entry tools. menus.N. and other screen elements with the flexibility necessary to accommodate shifting business needs. developers created such applications using C/C++ in conjunction with the Microsoft Foundation Classes (MFC) or with a rapid application development (RAD) environment such as Microsoft® Visual Basic®. These are the types of applications that display windows or forms on the desktop. Ytl Page 25 . Unlike ActiveX controls. Client applications include applications such as word processors and spreadsheets. ASP. and so on. enabling a user to perform a task. In some cases the underlying operating system does not support changing these attributes directly.NET Framework automatically recreates the forms.NET SERVER APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Dr. and other GUI elements. The . Client applications usually employ windows.P. many applications that once needed to be installed on a user's system can now be safely deployed through the Web. This means that binary or natively executing code can access some of the resources on the user's system (such as GUI elements and limited file access) without being able to access or compromise other resources. B.C. and in these cases the . Windows Forms controls have semi-trusted access to a user's computer. This is one of many ways in which the . For example. In the past. and includes graphical elements. Your applications can implement the features of a local application while being deployed like a Web page.NET Framework provides simple properties to adjust visual attributes associated with forms. menus. The Windows Forms classes contained in the .Online Job Portal Client applications are the closest to a traditional style of application in Windows-based programming. buttons.E. buttons. and they likely access local resources such as the file system and peripherals such as printers. Because of code access security.NET Framework integrates the developer interface. Another kind of client application is the traditional ActiveX control (now replaced by the managed Windows Forms control) deployed over the Internet as a Web page. making coding simpler and more consistent.NET Framework are designed to be used for GUI development. reporting tools. You can easily create command windows. toolbars. the . has access to local resources.NET Framework incorporates aspects of these existing products into a single.

If you have used earlier versions of ASP technology. However. such as traditional client applications. In contrast. Ytl Page 26 . The following illustration shows a basic network schema with managed code running in different server environments. This model provides you with all the features of the common language runtime and class library while gaining the performance and scalability of the host server. or even other XML Web services. you can develop Web Forms pages in any language that supports the .NET Framework to target Web-based applications. unlike Web-based applications. which allows your custom managed code to control the behavior of the server. are distributed.C. SERVER-SIDE MANAGED CODE ASP. you will immediately notice the improvements that ASP. ASP. XML (an extensible data format). serverside application components similar to common Web sites. B. Both Web Forms and XML Web services use IIS and ASP. like any other managed application.Online Job Portal Server-side applications in the managed world are implemented through runtime hosts. Instead.N. Unmanaged applications host the common language runtime.NET is the hosting environment that enables developers to use the .NET as the publishing mechanism for applications. your code no longer needs to share the same file with your HTTP text (although it can continue to do so if you prefer).NET Framework also provides a collection of classes and tools to aid in development and consumption of XML Web services applications. XML Web services consist of reusable software components designed to be consumed by other applications.E.NET Framework.NET Framework. Web-based applications. it is a complete architecture for developing Web sites and Internet-distributed objects using managed code. an important evolution in Web-based technology. XML Web services. The . more functional. Servers such as IIS and SQL Server can perform standard operations while your application logic executes through the managed code.NET and Web Forms offers. As a result. and easier to develop than unmanaged ASP pages because they interact with the runtime like any managed application. ASP. unmanaged ASP pages are always scripted and interpreted. XML Web services are built on standards such as SOAP (a remote procedure-call protocol). and both have a collection of supporting classes in the . XML Web services components have no UI and are not targeted for browsers such as Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. In addition. Web Forms pages execute in native machine language because. XML Web services technology is rapidly moving application development and deployment into the highly distributed environment of the Internet.NET pages are faster. they take full advantage of the runtime.P. For example. However. and WSDL ( the Web Dr.NET is more than just a runtime host.

C.NET Framework provides a set of classes that conform to all the underlying communication standards. and Data Access solutions are all seamlessly accessible from the Web.NET Framework.NET is also language-independent.Online Job Portal Services Description Language). native optimization. without concerning yourself with the communications infrastructure required by distributed software development.NET offers several important advantages over previous Web development models: • Enhanced Performance. Further. ASP.N. and automatic deployment are just a few of the features this powerful tool provides.NET is a programming framework built on the common language runtime that can be used on a server to build powerful Web applications. Ytl Page 27 . B. The source code can create classes derived from classes in the class library that handle all the underlying communication using SOAP and XML parsing.E. the power and flexibility of that entire platform is available to Web application developers. so you can choose the language that best applies to your application or partition your application across many languages. like Web Forms pages in the managed environment.NET framework is complemented by a rich toolbox and designer in the Visual Studio integrated development environment. If you develop and publish your own XML Web service. such as SOAP. ASP. and XML. For example. and caching services right out of the box.NET is based on the common language runtime. parse its WSDL description. This amounts to dramatically better performance before you ever write a line of code. ASP.NET can take advantage of early binding. the Web Services Description Language tool and the other tools contained in the SDK facilitate your development efforts with the . Because ASP.NET Framework class library. • World-Class Tool Support. the . WYSIWYG editing.NET is compiled common language runtime code running on the server. dragand-drop server controls. common Dr.NET ASP. Unlike its interpreted predecessors. and produce C# or Visual Basic source code that your application can use to become a client of the XML Web service. • Power and Flexibility.NET Framework SDK can query an XML Web service published on the Web.NET Framework is built on these standards to promote interoperability with non-Microsoft solutions. The . ACTIVE SERVER PAGES. the Web Services Description Language tool included with the . The . ASP. Finally. Using those classes enables you to focus on the logic of your service. Although you can use the class library to consume XML Web services directly.P. Messaging. The ASP. WSDL. your XML Web service will run with the speed of native machine language using the scalable communication of IIS. just-in-time compilation.

NET makes it easy to perform common tasks. • Security. WHAT IS ASP. a new process can be created in its place. LANGUAGE SUPPORT The Microsoft . the ASP.NET.like forms processing model. with managed code services such as automatic reference counting and garbage collection. new settings may be applied without the aid of local administration tools. so that if one misbehaves (leaks. Implementing custom authentication or state services has never been easier.NET delivers a well-factored architecture that allows developers to "plug-in" their code at the appropriate level. even to deploy or replace running compiled code.NET Framework applications as well. deadlocks).Online Job Portal language runtime interoperability guarantees that your existing investment in COM-based development is preserved when migrating to ASP.NET Platform currently offers built-in support for three languages: C#.NET employs a text-based.NET has been designed with scalability in mind. In fact. Additionally. it is possible to extend or replace any subcomponent of the ASP. Visual Basic. No server restart is required. you can be assured that your applications are secure.N. Because configuration information is stored as plain text.C. which helps keep your application constantly available to handle requests. • Scalability and Availability. Visual Basic . • Simplicity. This "zero local administration" philosophy extends to deploying ASP. ASP.NET runtime with your own custom-written component. ASP.E. and JScript. processes are closely monitored and managed by the ASP. B. from simple form submission and client authentication to deployment and site configuration. Further.NET WEB FORMS? Dr. • Manageability. With built in Windows authentication and per-application configuration. ASP. ASP.NET runtime. For example. the common language runtime simplifies development.P.NET page framework allows you to build user interfaces that cleanly separate application logic from presentation code and to handle events in a simple. hierarchical configuration system.NET Framework application is deployed to a server simply by copying the necessary files to the server. which simplifies applying settings to your server environment and Web applications. with features specifically tailored to improve performance in clustered and multiprocessor environments. Ytl Page 28 . An ASP. • Customizability and Extensibility.

NET Web Forms framework has been specifically designed to address a number of key deficiencies in the previous model. (Note that the .NET server controls to program Web pages. the compiled type instance is then reused across multiple requests). The ability for development tools to provide strong WYSIWYG design support for pages (existing ASP code is opaque to tools).NET SERVER CONTROLS In addition to (or instead of) using <% %> code blocks to program dynamic content.HtmlGenericControl.Web.NET page developers can use ASP.aspx file.UI.E. ASP.NET provides syntax compatibility with existing ASP pages. This includes support for < % %> code render blocks that can be intermixed with HTML content within an . it provides: • • • The ability to create and use reusable UI controls that can encapsulate common functionality and thus reduce the amount of code that a page developer has to write. B. This control state is not stored on the server (it is instead stored within an <input Dr. In particular. The ability for developers to cleanly structure their page logic in an orderly fashion (not "spaghetti code"). Any tag that doesn't explicitly map to one of the controls is assigned the type of System.aspx resources. ASP.aspx file name extension.Online Job Portal The ASP. ASP.HtmlControls namespace. where the page code is physically declared within the originating . An alternative approach--known as the code-behind method--enables the page code to be more cleanly separated from the HTML content into an entirely separate file. CODE-BEHIND WEB FORMS ASP. Server controls are declared within an .NET supports two methods of authoring dynamic pages.aspx file using custom tags or intrinsic HTML tags that contain a runat="server" attributes value. Intended as a logical evolution of ASP (ASP.HtmlControls. When a browser client requests .P.NET runtime parses and compiles the target file into a .aspx file is compiled only the first time it is accessed. INTRODUCTION TO ASP.Web. the ASP.C.NET provides syntax compatibility with existing pages).UI.NET Web Forms page framework is a scalable common language runtime programming model that can be used on the server to dynamically generate Web pages.aspx file.NET Web Forms pages are text files with an . These code blocks execute in a top-down manner at page render time.N.NET Framework class. Server controls automatically maintain any client-entered values between round trips to the server. Intrinsic HTML tags are handled by one of the controls in the System. Ytl Page 29 . The first is the method shown in the preceding samples. This class can then be used to dynamically process incoming requests. They can be deployed throughout an IIS virtual root directory tree. the ASP.

constraints.NET templates provide an easy way to customize the look and feel of list server controls. B.C.that is separate and distinct from any data stores. statelessness. ASP. Dr. 1.the DataSet -. Key new ADO. views. 6. Note also that no client-side script is required. 5. and DataAdapter. DataReader.NET server controls provide an easy way to encapsulate common functionality. such as the Connection and Command objects. It was designed specifically for the web with scalability.NET objects include the DataSet. For example. ASP. the DataSet functions as a standalone entity.NET ADO.NET enables developers to utilize richer custom controls on their pages. ASP. ADO.NET Web Forms pages can target any browser client (there are no script library or cookie requirements). and so forth.NET uses some ADO objects.NET and previous data architectures is that there exists an object -. there are tables. 3.NET Web Forms provide an easy and powerful way to build dynamic Web UI. In addition to supporting standard HTML input controls. much like in a database. ASP.NET validation controls provide an easy way to do declarative client or server data validation. columns. 4. Because of that.NET is an evolution of the ADO data access model that directly addresses user requirements for developing scalable applications. the following sample demonstrates how the <asp:adrotator> control can be used to dynamically display rotating ads on a page.N. ASP. Inside a DataSet. You can think of the DataSet as an always disconnected recordset that knows nothing about the source or destination of the data it contains. and XML in mind.NET server controls can automatically project both uplevel and downlevel HTML.NET OVERVIEW ADO. ASP. The important distinction between this evolved stage of ADO. 2. Ytl Page 30 . relationships. C#.P.E.Online Job Portal type="hidden"> form field that is round-tripped between requests). ASP. and also introduces new objects.

The XML-based DataSet object provides a consistent programming model that works with all models of data storage: flat. data processing has been primarily connection-based. and by representing the data that it holds as collections and data types. When dealing with connections to a database.NET Data Provider. it is manipulated through the same set of standard APIs exposed through the DataSet and its subordinate objects. For issuing SQL commands against a database. which provides a bridge to retrieve and save data between a DataSet and its source data store. fill. In the past. For reading a forward-only stream of data records from a SQL Server data source. It does this by having no 'knowledge' of the source of its data.N. data processing is turning to a message-based approach that revolves around chunks of information. and how to program against them. XML data and relational data. based on operations performed while the DataSet held the data.Net Framework provide four basic objects: the Command. These are written to talk directly to Microsoft SQL Server. Remoting and programming against flat data. The OLE DB and SQL Server . DataReaders.NET Data Provider is used to talk to any OLE DB provider (as it uses OLE DB underneath). Commands. For connection to and managing transactions against a database. No matter what the source of the data within the DataSet is. Now.P. It accomplishes this by means of requests to the appropriate SQL commands made against the data store.Data. In the remaining sections of this document.NET Data Provider (System. there are two different options: SQL Server • • . and persist the DataSet to and from data stores.Data.SqlClient) and OLE DB . DataSets.OleDb). and some that are new.NET Data Provider (System.OleDb and System. and hierarchical. DataReader and DataAdapter. relational. The following sections will introduce you to some objects that have evolved. in an effort to make multi-tiered apps more efficient. Then.Online Job Portal A DataAdapter is the object that connects to the database to fill the DataSet. The OLE DB . For pushing data into a DataSet.NET Data Providers explaining what they are.E.SqlClient) that are part of the .Data. it connects back to the database to update the data there. These objects are: • • • Connections. Dr. Ytl Page 31 . B. and reconciling data against a database. In these samples we will use the SQL Server .C. At the center of this approach is the DataAdapter. DataAdapters. we'll walk through each part of the DataSet and the OLE DB/SQL Server . While the DataSet has no knowledge of the source of its data.Data.NET Data Providers (System. Connection. the managed provider has detailed and specific information. For storing. The role of the managed provider is to connect.

XML schemas can be used to describe schemas interchanged via WebServices. A DataReader object is returned after executing a command against a database. and are represented by provider-specific classes such as SqlConnection. This DataSet is then used by a DataAdapter (or other objects) to update the original data source. including the ability to produce and consume XML data and XML schemas. or user input can all be placed into DataSet objects. relationships. or a statement that returns results. it is important to remember that DataSet objects do not interact directly with databases. columns. and are represented by provider-specific classes such as SqlCommand. The DataReader API supports flat as well as hierarchical data. or pushed into a DataSet object.C. The example below shows how to issue an INSERT statement against the Northwind database. and with one other important distinction: the DataSet is always disconnected. This allows the developer to work with a programming model that is always consistent. with database-like structures such as tables. Dr. an UPDATE statement. as changes are made to the DataSet they can be tracked and verified before updating the source data. The DataSet object represents a cache of data. DATASETS AND DATA ADAPTERS: DataSets the DataSet object is similar to the ADO Recordset object. Data coming from a database. Commands travel over connections and resultsets are returned in the form of streams which can be read by a DataReader object. A command can be a stored procedure call. a DataSet with a schema can actually be compiled for type safety and statement completion. or other source data.N. B.Online Job Portal Connections: Connections are used to 'talk to' databases. You can also use input and output parameters. In fact.E. The DataSet has many XML characteristics. Commands: Commands contain the information that is submitted to a database. though a DataSet can and does behave much like a database. The GetChanges method of the DataSet object actually creates a second DatSet that contains only the changes to the data. Ytl Page 32 . regardless of where the source data resides. Then. from code. but more powerful. However.P. and return values as part of your command syntax. DataReaders: The DataReader object is somewhat synonymous with a read-only/forward-only cursor over data. an XML file. For example. you might use the DataReader to show the results of a search list in a web page. and constraints. The format of the returned DataReader object is different from a recordset.

the DataSet and DataAdapter. A database is a structured collection of data.NET in the documentation.N. Two new objects. Such database management systems include dBase. this run-time generation requires an extra round-trip to the server in order to gather required metadata. move through the data. Ytl Page 33 These systems allow users to create. so explicitly providing the INSERT. B.NET is the next evolution of ADO for the .Net Framework. 5. The DataAdapter object uses commands to update the data source after changes have been made to the DataSet. and DELETE commands at design time will result in better run-time performance. and deletes. In SQL Server. Data refers to the characteristics of people. 6.E. or DBMS. and navigate data relationships SQL SERVER A database management. UPDATE or DELETE command for each changed row. 3. Using the provider-specific SqlDataAdapter (along with its associated SqlCommand and SqlConnection) can increase overall performance when working with a Microsoft SQL Server databases. Also. 4. There is a lot more information about ADO. or delete it.P. paradox. you would use the OleDbDataAdapter object and its associated OleDbCommand and OleDbConnection objects. the fields relating to a particular person. For ad-hoc scenarios. 2. thing or event are bundled together to form a single complete unit of Dr. However. are provided for these scenarios. SQL Server stores each data item in its own fields. you can use a DataSet to bind to the data. Using the Fill method of the DataAdapter calls the SELECT command. 1. a CommandBuilder object can generate these at run-time based upon a select statement. information from their database. update. ADO. ADO. You can explicitly set these commands in order to control the statements used at runtime to resolve changes. you can execute a command directly against the database in order to do inserts. things and events. IMS. update and extract . Remember. statelessness and XML in the forefront. updates. ADO.Online Job Portal DATA ADAPTERS (OLEDB/SQL) The DataAdapter object works as a bridge between the DataSet and the source data.C. using the Update method calls the INSERT. For other OLE DB-supported databases. You don't need to first put data into a DataSet in order to insert. SQL Server and SQL Server. UPDATE. including the use of stored procedures. or to store data in a cache for updates.NET can be used to get data from a stream. gives the user access to their data and helps them transform the data into information.NET was created with n-Tier.

Different tables are created for the various groups of information. It allows the user and the database system to identify. No two fields in a record can have the same field name. RELATIONAL DATABASE Sometimes all the information of interest to a business operation can be stored in one table. or simply the Key.E. During an SQL Server Database design project. or RDBMS. It stores data in two or more tables and enables you to define relationships between the table and enables you to define relationships between the tables.P. The Unique identifier is called the Primary Key. The primary key provides the means to distinguish one record from all other in a table. A foreign key is a field or a group of fields in one table whose values match those of the primary key of another table.Online Job Portal data. PRIMARY KEY Every table in SQL Server has a field or a combination of fields that uniquely identifies each record in the table. locate and refer to one particular record in the database.C. called a record (it can also be referred to as raw or an occurrence). If your business needs change over time. SQL SERVER TABLES SQL Server stores records relating to each other in a table. This is what makes SQL Server a relational database management system. Dr. FOREIGN KEY When a field is one table matches the primary key of another field is referred to as a foreign key. B.N. you define any additional fields or change the definition of existing fields. Each record is made up of a number of fields. Matching an employee to the department in which they work is one example. Ytl Page 34 . the analysis of your business needs identifies all the fields or attributes of interest. Related tables are grouped together to form a database. SQL Server makes it very easy to link the data in multiple tables.

Data abstraction is divided into three levels. DATA ABSTRACTION A major purpose of a database system is to provide users with an abstract view of the data. Conceptual Level: At this level of database abstraction all the attributed and what data are actually stored is described and entries and relationship among them.E. Dr.P. ADVANTAGES OF RDBMS • • • • • • • • Redundancy can be avoided Inconsistency can be eliminated Data can be Shared Standards can be enforced Security restrictions ca be applied Integrity can be maintained Conflicting requirements can be balanced Data independence can be achieved.N. Ytl Page 35 . Physical level: This is the lowest level of abstraction at which one describes how the data are actually stored. Ensuring that the data among related tables is correctly matched is referred to as maintaining referential integrity.C.Online Job Portal REFERENTIAL INTEGRITY Not only does SQL Server allow you to link multiple tables. This system hides certain details of how the data is stored and maintained. View level: This is the highest level of abstraction at which one describes only part of the database. it also maintains consistency between them. B.

Ytl Page 36 . the hardware has to be upgraded to allow for the extensive programs and the workspace required for their execution and storage. and open DBMS that delivers unmatched performance. FEATURES OF SQL SERVER (RDBMS) SQL SERVER is one of the leading database management systems (DBMS) because it is the only Database that meets the uncompromising requirements of today’s most demanding information systems.E. distributed.Online Job Portal DISADVANTAGES OF DBMS A significant disadvantage of the DBMS system is cost.C. From complex decision support systems (DSS) to the most rigorous online transaction processing (OLTP) application. In addition to the cost of purchasing of developing the software. even application that require simultaneous DSS and OLTP access to the same critical data.N. B. the lack of duplication requires that the database be adequately backed up so that in case of failure the data can be recovered. SQL Server leads the industry in both performance and capability SQL SERVER is a truly portable. While centralization reduces duplication. which are • The row level lock manager Dr.P. continuous operation and support for every database. SQL SERVER with transactions processing option offers two features which contribute to very high level of transaction processing throughput. SQL SERVER RDBMS is high performance fault tolerant DBMS which is specially designed for online transactions processing and for handling large database application.

E. Ytl Page 37 . B.N.Online Job Portal Chapter 6 Dr.P.C.

Beginning. During design.C. design is comprised of four activities – architectural design. Without a strong design we risk building an unstable system – one that will be difficult to test.E. INTRODUCTION Software design sits at the technical kernel of the software engineering process and is applied regardless of the development paradigm and area of application. code and test that is required to build and verify software. B. The importance can be stated with a single word “Quality”. System design can be viewed from either technical or project management perspective. data structure design. Design is the only way that we can accurately translate a customer’s view into a finished software product or system. interface design and procedural design. The designer’s goal is to produce a model or representation of an entity that will later be built.N.2.1. Ytl Page 38 . one whose quality cannot be assessed until the last stage. Design provides us with representations of software that can assess for quality. Design is the place where quality is fostered in software development. E – R DIAGRAMS Dr. Design is the first step in the development phase for any engineered product or system.P. system design is the first of the three technical activities -design. 6. and procedural details are developed reviewed and documented. progressive refinement of data structure. From the technical point of view. program structure. once system requirement have been specified and analyzed. Software design serves as a foundation for all the software engineering steps that follow.Online Job Portal SYSTEM DESIGN 6.

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The relation upon the system is structure through a conceptual ER-Diagram, which not only specifics the existential entities but also the standard relations through which the system exists and the cardinalities that are necessary for the system state to continue.

The entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) depicts the relationship between the data objects. The ERD is the notation that is used to conduct the date modeling activity the attributes of each data object noted is the ERD can be described resign a data object descriptions.

The set of primary components that are identified by the ERD are  Data object  Attributes  Relationships  Various types of indicators.

The primary purpose of the ERD is to represent data objects and their relationships.

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6.4. DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS
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A data flow diagram is graphical tool used to describe and analyze movement of data through a system. These are the central tool and the basis from which the other components are developed. The transformation of data from input to output, through processed, may be described logically and independently of physical components associated with the system. These are known as the logical data flow diagrams. The physical data flow diagrams show the actual implements and movement of data between people, departments and workstations. A full description of a system actually consists of a set of data flow diagrams. Using two familiar notations Yourdon, Gane and Sarson notation develops the data flow diagrams. Each component in a DFD is labeled with a descriptive name. Process is further identified with a number that will be used for identification purpose. The development of DFD’S is done in several levels. Each process in lower level diagrams can be broken down into a more detailed DFD in the next level. The lop-level diagram is often called context diagram. It consists a single process bit, which plays vital role in studying the current system. The process in the context level diagram is exploded into other process at the first level DFD. The idea behind the explosion of a process into more process is that understanding at one level of detail is exploded into greater detail at the next level. This is done until further explosion is necessary and an adequate amount of detail is described for analyst to understand the process. Larry Constantine first developed the DFD as a way of expressing system requirements in a graphical from, this lead to the modular design. A DFD is also known as a “bubble Chart” has the purpose of clarifying system requirements and identifying major transformations that will become programs in system design. So it is the starting point of the design to the lowest level of detail. A DFD consists of a series of bubbles joined by data flows in the system.

DFD SYMBOLS: In the DFD, there are four symbols 1. A square defines a source(originator) or destination of system data 2. An arrow identifies data flow. It is the pipeline through which the information flows 3. A circle or a bubble represents a process that transforms incoming data flow into outgoing data flows. 4. An open rectangle is a data store, data at rest or a temporary repository of data

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not of control loops and decision are controlled considerations do not appear on a DFD. monthly or yearly. 3. TYPES OF DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS 1. The sequence of events is not brought out on the DFD.P. New Logical 4. B. The DFD shows flow of data. Current Physical 2. Ytl Page 42 . weekly.N. Similarly data flows and data stores are often labels with the names of the actual physical media on which data are stored such as file folders. New Physical CURRENT PHYSICAL: In Current Physical DFD proecess label include the name of people or their positions or the names of computer systems that might provide some of the overall system-processing label includes an identification of the technology used to process the data. Dr. computer files. 2. The DFD does not indicate the time factor involved in any process whether the dataflow take place daily. Current Logical 3.C.E. Source or Destination of data Data flow Data Store SAILENT FEATURES OF DFD’S 1. business forms or computer tapes.Online Job Portal Process that transforms data flow.

P.N. Ytl Page 43 .C. NEW LOGICAL: This is exactly like a current logical model if the user were completely happy with he user were completely happy with the functionality of the current system but had problems with how it was implemented typically through the new logical model will differ from current logical model while having additional functions.Online Job Portal CURRENT LOGICAL: The physical aspects at the system are removed as mush as possible so that the current system is reduced to its essence to the data and the processors that transforms them regardless of actual physical form. absolute function removal and inefficient flows recognized. NEW PHYSICAL: The new physical represents only the physical implementation of the new syste 1st Level DFD’s Dr.E. B.

Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW JOB SEEKER CREATION Dr.C. Ytl Page 44 .N.P.E. B.

Ytl Page 45 .P.C. B.N.E.Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW JOB SEARCH CREATION Dr.

E. Ytl Page 46 . B.C.N.Online Job Portal 2nd Level DFD’s Dr.P.

B. Ytl Page 47 . The below tables are normalized to avoid any anomalies during the course of data entry. Business Sector City Details Dr. DATA DICTONARY After carefully understanding the requirements of the client the the entire data storage requirements are divided into tables.5.Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW RECRUITMENT CREATION 6.E.C.N.P.

B.N. Ytl Page 48 .E.P.Online Job Portal Country Details Experience Detail Functional Area Job Openinng Detail Dr.C.

E.C. B.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Response to Recruiter Job Type Detail Location Master Qualification Dr.N.P. Ytl Page 49 .

C.N.P. Ytl Page 50 .E.Online Job Portal Recruiter Account Details Recruiter Organization Details Recruiter Response to Jobseeker Skill Master State detail Dr. B.

B.C.Online Job Portal Student Detail Admin Login Jobseeker Background Details Contact Details Dr. Ytl Page 51 .E.N.P.

N.E. B.C.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Job Details Jobseeker Registration Jobseeker Resume Dr. Ytl Page 52 .P.

Ytl Page 53 .Online Job Portal Jobseeker Technical Details SYSTEM DESIGN Dr.P.C.E. B.N.

The analysis representation describes a usage scenario from the end-users perspective. which focuses on the user model and structural model views of the system? • UML design modeling. Ytl Page 54 . which is as follows.P. • User Model View i. which focuses on the behavioral modeling. Structural model view  In this model the data and functionality are arrived from inside the system. depicting the interactions of collection between various structural elements described in the user model and structural model view. B. ii.  This model view models the static structures. Implementation Model View  In this the structural and behavioral as parts of the system are represented as they are to be built.C. Dr.N.Online Job Portal UNIFIED MODELING LANGUAGE DIAGRAMS • The unified modeling language allows the software engineer to express an analysis model using the modeling notation that is governed by a set of syntactic semantic and pragmatic rules. • A UML system is represented using five different views that describe the system from distinctly different perspective.E. Use cases are used during requirements elicitation and analysis to represent the functionality of the system. This view represents the system from the users perspective. Each view is defined by a set of diagram. Behavioral Model View  It represents the dynamic of behavioral as parts of the system. Use case Diagrams represent the functionality of the system from a user’s point of view. Environmental Model View In this the structural and behavioral aspects of the environment in which the system is to be implemented are represented. implementation modeling and environmental model views. UML is specifically constructed through two different domains they are • UML Analysis modeling. Use cases focus on the behavior of the system from external point of view.

Use case Model Dr.Online Job Portal Actors are external entities that interact with the system.P. B.. bank customer …etc. or another system like central database.N. Examples of actors include users like administrator.C.E. Ytl Page 55 .

Ytl DATABASE Page 56 . B.N.C.E.P.Online Job Portal SYSTEM NAME Use case 1 Acto r Acto r Use case 2 Use case n USECASE FOR LOGIN Login Admin Dr.

Ytl Page 57 .P. B.N.E.C.Online Job Portal USE Cases of Web Based Recruitment Process Interface Dr.

Ytl Page 58 .P.E. B.Online Job Portal Home Package2 Login Page Admin Home Administrator J ob Provider Login Add J ob Provider J ob Provider Details J ob Seeker Add J ob Seeker J ob Seeker Details Update J ob Provider Details Update J ob seeker Details Search Contact Us About us \ Dr.C.N.

C.E. B.P. Ytl Page 59 .N.Online Job Portal Package3 Home Page Login page J ob Provider Page Add New J ob J ob Provider Delete J ob Update J ob Check J ob Seeker Info Provide requirement to job seeker Search J ob Seeker Send Mails to J obSeeker Check Receive mails About Us contact Us Dr.

E. Admin Login Adm in Login Bal : Adm inLogin Dal : SqlHelper DataBase 1 : Login() 2 : CheckUser() 3 : Execute NonQuery() 4 : Exeute NonQuery() 5 : Response to ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Get Response() 7 : Show Result() Dr.C.Online Job Portal SEQUENCE DIAGRAMS: Sequence Diagrams Represent the objects participating the interaction horizontally and time vertically. Ytl Page 60 .P. B.N.

Ytl Page 61 .C.P.Online Job Portal Admin Add Country Sequence Diagram Adm in Country BAL : clsCountry DAL : sqlhelper DataBase 1 : Add Country() 2 : InsertCountry() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Dr.E. B.N.

B.P.E. Ytl Page 62 .C.N.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Update Profile Sequence Diagram J obSeeker Update J obseeker Profile BAL : clsUpdateJ obSeekerProfile DAL : sqlhelper DataBase 1 : ModifyProfile() 2 : UpdateProfile() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Registration Sequence Diagram Dr.

Online Job Portal Registration BAL : ClsRegistration DAL : SqlHelper DataBase 1 : Registration() 2 : ExecuteNonQuery() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : Response to ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Return Response() 6 : Show Result() Admin Login: Admin Add Collaboration Diagram Dr. B.P. Ytl Page 63 .N.C.E.

Ytl Page 64 .N. B.C.E.Online Job Portal DAL : sqlhelper 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() DataBase 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() BAL : clsCountry 2 : InsertCountry() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Country 1 : Add Country() Adm in Activity Diagrams: Login Activity Dr.P.

Online Job Portal [Enter User Name and Password] Get Details [Submit] Validate Data Rejected No yes Accepted Jobseeker Registration Activity Dr. B.P.N. Ytl Page 65 .C.E.

Online Job Portal Class Diagram: Dr.C. B.E. Ytl Page 66 .P.N.

B.P.N.E. Ytl Page 67 .Online Job Portal Dr.C.

C. Ytl Page 68 .E.P.N.Online Job Portal Dr. B.

Ytl Page 69 .E.C.P.Online Job Portal Chapter 7 OUTPUT SCREENS Dr. B.N.

N.Online Job Portal Home screen Dr.P. B. Ytl Page 70 .C.E.

E. B.C.N.Online Job Portal Admin Login Admin Home Dr. Ytl Page 71 .P.

P. B.E.Online Job Portal Admin Add Dr. Ytl Page 72 .C.N.

E.N.P. B. Ytl Page 73 .C.Online Job Portal Admin Add Country Dr.

Ytl Page 74 .C.N.E. B.P.Online Job Portal Admin Add Job Type Dr.

B.N.P.C.E. Ytl Page 75 .Online Job Portal Admin Add Qualification Dr.

E.P. Ytl Page 76 .C.Online Job Portal Admin Jobseeker report Dr. B.N.

P. Ytl Page 77 . B.E.Online Job Portal Existing User Login Dr.N.C.

E. B.C. Ytl Page 78 .N.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Login Dr.P.

E.N.C. B.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Home Dr.P. Ytl Page 79 .

Online Job Portal Recruiter login Dr.N. B. Ytl Page 80 .P.C.E.

P.C.N. Ytl Page 81 . B.Online Job Portal Recruiter Home Dr.E.

N. B.P.Online Job Portal Recruiter Job Opening Detail Dr.E.C. Ytl Page 82 .

B.P.N.C.E.Online Job Portal More Dr. Ytl Page 83 .

P.N. Ytl Page 84 .Online Job Portal New Recruiter Registration Dr. B.E.C.

C. Ytl Page 85 .N.P.Online Job Portal New Recruiter Registration-1 Dr. B.E.

INTRODUCTION Dr.N. Ytl Page 86 .P. B.1.C.E.Online Job Portal SYSTEM TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATION 8.

Finally we arrive at system testing.P. constraints and validation criteria for software are established. Unit testing begins at the vertex of the spiral and concentrates on each unit of the software as implemented in source code. Testing is the set of activities that can be planned in advance and conducted systematically.C. behavior. functions. A strategy for software testing may also be viewed in the context of the spiral. A strategy for software testing integrates software test case design methods into a wellplanned series of steps that result in the successful construction of software. MODULE TESTING Component Testing SUB-SYSTEM TESING Integration Testing Dr. The underlying motivation of program testing is to affirm software quality with methods that can economically and effectively apply to both strategic to both large and small-scale systems. design and coding.2. B. STRATEGIC APPROACH TO SOFTWARE TESTING The software engineering process can be viewed as a spiral. 8. we come to design and finally to coding. Ytl SYSTEM TESTING Page 87 ACCEPTANCE TESTING User Testing . testing is the one step in the software engineering process that could be viewed as destructive rather than constructive. Initially system engineering defines the role of software and leads to software requirement analysis where the information domain.N. where the focus is on the design and the construction of the software architecture. In fact. To develop computer software we spiral in along streamlines that decrease the level of abstraction on each turn. Testing progress by moving outward along the spiral to integration testing. performance. where the software and other system elements are tested as a whole.E.Online Job Portal Software testing is a critical element of software quality assurance and represents the ultimate review of specification. Talking another turn on outward on the spiral we encounter validation testing where requirements established as part of UNIT TESTING software requirements analysis are validated against the software that has been constructed. Moving inward along the spiral.

E. To follow the concept of white box testing we have tested each form . The unit testing we have is white box oriented and some modules the steps are conducted in parallel. All loops are executed on their boundaries.3. Ytl Page 88 .we have created independently to verify that Data flow is correct.N. Unit Testing Unit testing focuses verification effort on the smallest unit of software design. All conditions are exercised to check their validity.C.Online Job Portal 8. 1.P. B. the module. 3. WHITE BOX TESTING This type of testing ensures that • • • • All independent paths have been exercised at least once All logical decisions have been exercised on their true and false sides All loops are executed at their boundaries and within their operational bounds All internal data structures have been exercised to assure their validity. CONDITIONAL TESTING Dr.

Online Job Portal In this part of the testing each of the conditions were tested to both true and false aspects.E. This kind of testing was used only when some local variable were declared. Dr. 4. The definitionuse chain method was used in this type of testing. The following exercise was adopted for all loops: • • • • • All the loops were tested at their limits.P. So that each path that may be generate on particular condition is traced to uncover any possible errors. Ytl Page 89 . Unstructured loops were resolved into nested loops or concatenated loops and tested as above.C. All the loops were skipped at least once. LOOP TESTING In this type of testing all the loops are tested to all the limits possible. 5. Each unit has been separately tested by the development team itself and all the input have been validated. And all the resulting paths were tested. just above them and just below them. For concatenated loops the values of dependent loops were set with the help of connected loop. DATA FLOW TESTING This type of testing selects the path of the program according to the location of definition and use of variables. These were particularly useful in nested statements. B.N. For nested loops test the inner most loop first and then work outwards.

1 SECURITY IN SOFTWARE Dr. B.C. Ytl Page 90 .E.Online Job Portal Chapter 9 SYSTEM SECURITY 9.N.P.

passwords and permissions are controlled o the server side. Page 91 Dr. Forms cannot be submitted without filling up the mandatory data so that manual mistakes of submitting empty fields that are mandatory can be sorted out at the client side to save the server time and load. • Tab-indexes are set according to the need and taking into account the ease of user while working with the system. Some of the server side checks imposed is: • Server side constraint has been imposed to check for the validity of primary key and foreign key. • Using server side validation. Any attempt to duplicate the primary value results into a message intimating the user about those values through the forms using foreign key can be updated only of the existing foreign key values. Some checks imposed are: • • VBScript in used to ensure those required fields are filled with suitable data only. It is always important to ensure that only valid data is entered and only valid operations are performed on the system. constraints on several restricted operations are imposed.N. B. Access permissions to various types of users are controlled according to the organizational structure. • • User is intimating through appropriate messages about the successful operations or exceptions occurring at server side. Maximum lengths of the fields of the forms are appropriately defined. Only permitted users can log on to the system and can have access according to their category. A primary key value cannot be duplicated.C.P. Server side checks are necessary to save the system from failing and intimating the user that some invalid operation has been performed or the performed operation is restricted.name. User. Client side validation saves server time and load to handle invalid data. Various Access Control Mechanisms have been built so that one user may not agitate upon another.Online Job Portal System security refers to various validations on data in form of checks and controls to avoid the system from failing. Ytl .E. The system employees two types of checks and controls: CLIENT SIDE VALIDATION Various client side validations are used to ensure on the client side that only valid data is entered. SERVER SIDE VALIDATION Some checks cannot be applied at client side.

B.Online Job Portal Dr. Ytl Page 92 .E.P.C.N.

E.Online Job Portal Chapter 10 CONCLUSION It has been a great pleasure for me to work on this exciting and challenging project. B.NET and VB.C.N.P. Ytl Page 93 . This project proved good for me as it provided practical knowledge of not only programming in ASP. but also about all handling procedure related with “PROJECT NAME”.NET web based application and no some extent Windows Application and SQL Server. It also provides knowledge about the latest technology used in developing web enabled Dr.

which can create problems at later date. This is very helpful for the client to enter the desired information through so much simplicity. The merits of this project are as follows: • • • It’s a web-enabled project.C. Ytl Page 94 . data entry or updation so that the user cannot enter the invalid data. we can sat that the project is user friendly which is one of the primary concerns of any good project.N. • • Allocating of sample results becomes much faster because at a time the user can see the records of last years. Easier and faster data transfer through latest technology associated with the computer and communication. Dr. • Sometimes the user finds in the later stages of using project that he needs to update some of the information that he entered earlier.P. whatever he is entering. This will provide better opportunities and guidance in future in developing projects independently.Online Job Portal application and client server technology that will be great demand in future. B. The user is mainly more concerned about the validity of the data. He can see the desired records with the variety of options provided by him. There are options for him by which he can update the records. Decision making process would be greatly enhanced because of faster processing of information since data collection from information available on computer takes much less time then manual system. • • User is provided the option of monitoring the records he entered earlier.E. This is bound to be simple and very friendly as per the user is concerned. This keeps the validity of the data to longer extent. From every part of the project the user is provided with the links through framing so that he can go from one option of the project to other as per the requirement. • • Data storage and retrieval will become faster and easier to maintain because data is stored in a systematic manner and in a single database. BENEFITS: The project is identified by the merits of the system offered to the user. There are checks on every stages of any new creation. This project offers user to enter the data through simple and interactive forms. That is. Moreover there is restriction for his that he cannot change the primary data field.

B.P.C. users working on the Dr. Training for simple computer operations is necessary for the system.N. increasing the load on the database back up and data maintenance activity.E.Online Job Portal • Through these features it will increase the efficiency. Ytl Page 95 . LIMITATIONS: • • The size of the database increases day-by-day. accuracy and transparency.

E.P. needs to be thoroughly tested to find out any security gaps.Online Job Portal Chapter 11 FUTURE IMPROVEMENT • This System being web-based and an undertaking of Cyber Security Division.C. • A console for the data centre may be made available to allow the personnel to monitor on the sites which were cleared for hosting during a particular period. Ytl Page 96 . B.N. Dr.

N.P.. further the system may be utilized in various other types of auditing operation viz. B..Online Job Portal • Moreover.E.C. Network auditing or similar process/workflow based applications. it is just a beginning. Dr. Ytl Page 97 .

Online Job Portal Chapter 11 BIBLIOGRAPHY • FOR . B.P.microsoft.NET www.E.NET INSTALLATION www.com/quickstart/aspplus/default.fmexpense.N.com/net/quickstart/aspplus/default.com www.asp.microsoft.com Dr.com • FOR ASP.support.msdn. Ytl Page 98 .msdn.com • FOR SQL www.mircosoft.C.net www.

B.P.C.0 Unleased (SAMS) Dr. Ytl Page 99 .csharpcorner.com • BOOKS C#2008 for Developers (Dietel Series)-SAMS PUBLICATION C#3.N.E.Online Job Portal www.

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