Online Job Portal

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION
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Online Job Portal

1.1. INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT
This project is developed an online Job Portal for the Placement Dept. of the company. The system is an online application that can be accessed throughout the organization and outside as well with proper login provided. This system can be used as an Online Job Portal for the Placement Dept of the organization to manage the student information with regards to placement. Students logging should be able to upload their information in the form of a CV. Visitors/Company representatives logging in may also access/search any information put up by Students. The project has been planned to be having the view of distributed architecture, with centralized storage of the database. The application for the storage of the data has been planned. Using the constructs of MS-SQL Server and all the user interfaces have been designed using the ASP.Net technologies. The database connectivity is planned using the “SQL Connection” methodology. The standards of security and data protective mechanism have been given a big choice for proper usage. The application takes care of different modules and their associated reports, which are produced as per the applicable strategies and standards that are put forwarded by the administrative staff. The entire project has been developed keeping in view of the distributed client server computing technology, in mind. The specification has been normalized up to 3NF to eliminate all the anomalies that may arise due to the database transaction that are executed by the general users and the organizational administration. The user interfaces are browser specific to give distributed accessibility for the overall system. The internal database has been selected as MS-SQL server 200.The basic constructs of table spaces, clusters and indexes have been exploited to provide higher consistency and reliability for the data storage. The MS-SQL server 200 was a choice as it provides the constructs of high-level reliability and security. The total front end was dominated using the ASP.Net technologies. At all proper levels high care was taken to check that the system manages the data consistency with proper business rules or validations.

1.2.

ORGANIZATION PROFILE
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8Sigma Softvill Technologies, a most promising IT solution providing company is a onestop shop for all your business needs. Besides rendering professional and comprehensive business solutions we also caters to a range of services in software and web technology.The acuminous insight of our team has help set standards in this ever evolving industry... 8Sigma Softvill Technologies strives to achieve commercial success through non commercial satisfaction. Customer satisfaction is paramount to us, which we seek by providing quality services at competitive prices. 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLGIES has been Web Design & software development experience in programming using PHP, C++, Perl, ASP, ASP.net, JSP, Visual Basic, Java using variety of databases like MySQL, MSSQL, Access, on various platforms like Linux, Apache, Windows 98,2000,2003 & XP. We are highly responsive and provide you an interactive cycle of web-development - from prototype to development, documentation and testing. We provide robust, secure and highly scalable solutions to enhance your business.

Services :

We are highly competent in operating all the standard platforms of technology that are required to handle different domains of business. We offers a wide range of services including professional web design and web development, Customized software development, e-commerce solutions & BPO services. Our team closely follows new trends and effectively implements fresh ideas and novel approaches. 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLGIES has been Web Design & software development experience in programming using PHP, C++, Perl, ASP, ASP.net, JSP, Visual Basic, Java using variety of databases like MySQL, MSSQL, Access, on various platforms like Linux, Apache, Windows 98,2000,2003 & XP. We are highly responsive and provide you an interactive cycle of web-development - from prototype to development, documentation and testing. We provide robust, secure and highly scalable solutions to enhance your business.

.NET :

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Net / Vb . This is a huge advantage when you need to develop web based software applications. knowledge management and pioneering research in emerging Java technologies.NET Framework (Asp .C. If you're looking for something new to do with PHP. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies reduces software development costs by over 50% by leveraging competency expertise. engineers in 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies Competency Center conduct internal training programs for continuous learning and hands on experience. We have it right here! 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies provides timely. It lets programmers create web pages with dynamic content that can interact with databases. This open source server side scripting language has become wildly popular over the past few years.Online Job Portal Microsoft . 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has established a special competency center to spread knowledge and promote best practices with Microsoft's new .NET Resolving problems faced in applying Microsoft . 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies Java Competency Center uses deep platform expertise in developing and delivering enterprise solutions. in order to provide offshore PHP programming services for both new and existing dynamic websites running on the PHP. The objectives of this team involve:• • • • • • Providing technical solutions implementing Microsoft . Ytl Page 4 . and related technologies including Web Services and J2ME. encompassing many of the object-oriented design disciplines and managed code innovations that have become popular in e-business application development over the last few years. Apache and MySQL combination becoming choice of masses for delivering dynamic web content. efficient and affordable PHP Programming Services. look no further.N.Net / C# etc).P. B. Consequently. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has built a competency center that focuses on skill building. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies leverages offshore cost and scalability advantage to significantly reduce development cost across various J2EE development. many developers now swear by it. 8 Sigma Softvill Technologies has made significant investments in creating and growing the Java Competency Center.E.NET technology Establishing a forum for knowledge sharing among developers Building competency in chosen Microsoft servers and services Developing reusable components that can be used across projects Conducting organization-wide training programs in Microsoft technologies PHP : PHP is recursively known as PHP Hypertext Preprocessor. WEB DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT : Dr.NET framework represents a major step forward for Microsoft developers. offshore cost and scalability. With trained and experienced Java specialists. JAVA : Java Competency Center helps clients realize the benefits of Enterprise Java J2EE platforms.

Online Job Portal

At 8 Sigma Softvill , we are striving to understand changing customer needs. We want to make our customers' lives easier by simply making technology usable. We have solid Information Systems Professionals, who with the help of world class tools and equipment, study, design, develop, enhance, customize, implement, maintain and support various aspects of Information Technology. We have the expertise and experience to help you cut costs significantly without impacting product quality or delivery schedules. 8 Sigma Softvill Offshore Software Development, is committed to provide ever increasing levels of customer satisfaction by offering the highest quality in software development, e-commerce solutions, web site design, after sales and other IT enabled services. For this, we use modern software development platforms and software development tools. We have top class software professionals like project managers, software engineers, software programmers, software application developers, software quality testers, web designers and technical writers with exclusive skill sets for this. Transparent project management and change management practices that emphasize customer communication at pre-determined intervals through e-mail, teleconferencing and video conferencing ensure that the customer and project delivery teams carry a consistent understanding of requirements and project status at all times. Our area of software development takes it birth from the basic requirement of a small vendor or even a kid and grows up to fulfill the requirements of large corporations.

Careers Create. Innovate. Be the best. Within this world, you are your own boss. You set your own standards and you strive to meet them. Every team member is an asset, and 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES knows that only the best people can help make it the best company. Providing impeccable services to Clients requires people who probe their business, understand it, and interpret it for the global web environment. Empowering our people to deliver their best at all times is a continuous process at 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES. The twin objectives of career development at 8 SIGMA SOFTVILL TECHNOLOGIES are: * To provide opportunities to enhance their competencies and in turn achieve career objectives. * To ensure that career development activities are aligned with organizational objectives to achieve growth for the organization.

1.3.
• • •

PROBLEM IN EXISTING SYSTEM

Cannot Upload and Download the latest updates. No use of Web Services and Remoting. Risk of mismanagement and of data when the project is under development. Page 5

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• • •

Less Security. No proper coordination between different Applications and Users. Fewer Users - Friendly.

1.4.

SOLUTION OF THESE PROBLEMS

The development of the new system contains the following activities, which try to automate the entire process keeping in view of the database integration approach. 1. User friendliness is provided in the application with various controls. 2. The system makes the overall project management much easier and flexible. 3. Readily upload the latest updates, allows user to download the alerts by clicking the URL. 4. There is no risk of data mismanagement at any level while the project development is under process. 5. It provides high level of security with different level of authenticati

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Online Job Portal

Chapter 2

SYSTEM ANALYSIS
2.1. INTRODUCTION
After analyzing the requirements of the task to be performed, the next step is to analyze the problem and understand its context. The first activity in the phase is studying the existing system and other is to understand the requirements and domain of the new system. Both the activities are equally important, but the first activity serves as a basis of giving the functional specifications and then Dr. B.N.C.P.E, Ytl Page 7

Once the programming is completed. First of all the feasibility study is done. End of the phase and the output of one phase is the input of other phase. 2. Understanding the properties and requirements of a new system is more difficult and requires creative thinking and understanding of existing running system is also difficult. improper understanding of present system can lead diversion from solution.Online Job Portal successful design of the proposed system. Requirements Changed WATER FALL MODEL was being chosen because all requirements were known beforehand Requirements and the objective of our software development is the computerization/automation of an already Specification Requirements existing manual working system Engineering Design Specificatio n Executable Software Modules Integrated Software Product Design Programming Maintenance Dr.N. The design starts after the requirement analysis is complete and the coding begins after the design is complete.C. If system exists one and modification and addition of new module is needed. The output of each phase is to be consistent with the overall requirement of the system. In this model the sequence of activities performed in a software development project are: • • • • • • • Requirement Analysis Project Planning System design Detail design Coding Unit testing System integration & testing Here the linear ordering of these activities is critical.P. which states that the phases are organized in a linear order. Once that part is over the requirement analysis and project planning begins. ANALYSIS MODEL The model that is basically being followed is the WATER FALL MODEL.2. analysis of present system can be used as basic model. the testing is done. Some of the qualities of spiral model are also incorporated like after the Requirements Communicated people concerned with the project review completion of each of the phase the work done.E. B. Ytl Integration Page 8 Delivered Software Product Delivery .

associated through a browses interface. Ytl Page 9 .3.N. STUDY OF THE SYSTEM GUI’S In the flexibility of the uses the interface has been developed a graphics concept in mind.2: Water Fall Model 2.E.C.Online Job Portal Process Product Input Product Output Fig 2. Administrative user interface 2. The GUI’S at the top level have been categorized as 1. B. The operational or generic user interface Dr.P.

The operational or generic user interface helps the users upon the system in transactions through the existing data and required services.E. state. country and update and delete information about the job provider or job seeker he can also search for the job seeker and he can send mail to offer the job to job seeker and he can also see the jobs add by the job provider. The interfaces help the administrations with all the transactional states like Data insertion. Job Seeker Dr. experience. skill.C.Online Job Portal The administrative user interface concentrates on the consistent information that is practically. part of the organizational activities and which needs proper authentication for the data collection.N. Data deletion and Date updation along with the extensive data search capabilities. NUMBER OF MODULES The system after careful analysis has been identified to be presented with the following modules: The modules involved are: • • • • • • • Admin Job Seeker Job Provider Notification Search Report Authentication Admin In this module Admin will add all the qualifications.P. Ytl Page 10 . The operational user interface also helps the ordinary users in managing their own information helps the ordinary users in managing their own information in a customized manner as per the assisted flexibilities. B. city.

Authentication:This module contains all the information about the authenticated user. He can see the response of the company and he can call the company person for the interview. B.N.C. Reports:This module contains all the information about the reports generated by the admin based on the particular job seeker.E.Online Job Portal In this module Job Seeker register him self and upload his resume and fill the profile give by admin and after login he will search for the job on various conditions and he can change his profiles and resume and he can apply for the jobs based on various conditions. web methods and database infrastructure needed both and client and server. Choose the domain of your interest otherwise develop the application for ultimatedotnet. PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS: • Based on the given requirements. Design the web services. Notification In this module admin and job provider send the notification to the job seeker in the form of email. Depict the various architectural components. all jobs generated by the job providers. conceptualize the Solution Architecture.P. Ytl Page 11 .com. User without his username and password can’t enter into the login if he is only the authenticated user then he can enter to his login. • Provide an environment for upgradation of application for newer versions that are available in the same domain as web service target. show interactions and connectedness and show internal and external elements. particular job provider. all job seeker and job provider. Job provider In this module Job Provider register him self and his company and after login he will add new job and he can search for the job seekers on various condition and he can offer the job to job seeker according to the job profile and he can also see the response from the job seekers and send the mail. Dr.

0 (IIS)/LATER Visual Studio . To build strong password mechanism. providing vulnerability document report and the current status of the audit.Net 2008 Enterprise Edition Internet Information Server 5.4.5.N.8 GHz Processor and Above RAM 512MB and Above HDD 20 GB Hard Disk Space and Above SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: • • • • • WINDOWS OS (XP/2000/SEVEN / 2000/ 2003 Server) Visual Studio . management Level. FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE MODEL As far as the project is developed the functionality is simple.E. remove procedures those cause data redundancy.C. Auditor Level. make navigational sequence proper. Ytl Page 12 . User Level and State Web Coordinator Level. To provide information about audits on different level and also to reflect the current work status depending on organization/auditor or date.0 (Minimal for Deployment) SQL Server 2005/2008 Enterprise Edition 2. the objective of the proposal is to strengthen the functioning of Audit Status Monitoring and make them effective and better. PROPOSED SYSTEM To debug the existing system. The entire scope has been classified into five streams knows as Coordinator Level. HARDWARE SPECIFICATIONS HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS: • • • PIV 2.Online Job Portal 2.Net Framework3.P. B. Dr. accepting the request. The proposed software will cover the information needs with respect to each request of the user group viz.

E.N. Technicians enter his or her user id and password. B. Sub technicians enter his or her user id and password.6. Page 13 Dr.P. Operators enter his or her user id and password. Ytl . INPUT AND OUTPUT The main inputs.Online Job Portal WORKING OF THE SYSTEM The entire scope has been classified into five streams known as: Coordinator Level (Addressing the information management needs of coordinator) Management Level (Addressing the information management needs of management) Auditor Level (Addressing the information management needs of auditors) User Level (Addressing the information management needs of the user group) State Web Coordinator level (Addressing the needs of coordinator of the state) 2. User requests the reports. outputs and major functions of the system are as follows INPUTS: • • • • • Head operator enters his or her user id and password.C.

OUTPUTS: • Head operator receives personal details. Head operator can edits the personal details and so on. This command will normally be the first command transmitted by the user after the control connections are made (some servers may require this).P. • Technicians receive personal and technical details.Online Job Portal • • User requests the search. 2. • Users receive requested reports.N.7. PROCESS MODELS USED WITH JUSTIFICATION ACCESS CONTROL FOR DATA WHICH REQUIRE USER AUTHENTICATION The following commands specify access control identifiers and they are typically used to authorize and authenticate the user (command codes are shown in parentheses) USER NAME (USER) The user identification is that which is required by the server for access to its file system. PASSWORD (PASS) Dr. • Displays search result.C. • Operator receives the personal details. B. Ytl Page 14 .E.

it is desirable in general to "mask" it or suppress type out. for some sites. B.C. and. Ytl Page 15 . Since password information is quite sensitive. completes the user's identification for access control.N.P.Online Job Portal This command must be immediately preceded by the user name command.E. Dr.

There are aspects in the feasibility study portion of the preliminary investigation: • • • Technical Feasibility Operation Feasibility Economical Feasibility 3. Technical Feasibility Dr. Operational and Economical feasibility for adding new modules and debugging old running system.Online Job Portal Chapter 3 Feasibility Report Preliminary investigation examine project feasibility. All system is feasible if they are unlimited resources and infinite time. The main objective of the feasibility study is to test the Technical.N. B.E.C.P. Ytl Page 16 .1. the likelihood the system will be useful to the organization.

2. regardless of the number or location of users? Can the system be upgraded if developed? Are there technical guarantees of accuracy. Operational feasibility aspects of the project are to be taken as an important part of the project implementation. it provides the technical guarantee of accuracy. reliability and security. Some of the important issues raised are to test the operational feasibility of a project includes the following: • • • Is there sufficient support for the management from the users? Will the system be used and work properly if it is being developed and implemented? Will there be any resistance from the user that will undermine the possible application benefits? Dr. Ytl Page 17 . reliability. Necessary bandwidth exists for providing a fast feedback to the users irrespective of the number of users using the system. The current system developed is technically feasible.E. The software and hard requirements for the development of this project are not many and are already available inhouse at NIC or are available as free as open source. The database’s purpose is to create.P.N. establish and maintain a workflow among various entities in order to facilitate all concerned users in their various capacities or roles. It is a web based user interface for audit workflow at NIC-CSD. 3. The work for the project is done with the current equipment and existing software technology. Operational Feasibility Proposed projects are beneficial only if they can be turned out into information system.Online Job Portal The technical issue usually raised during the feasibility stage of the investigation includes the following: • • • • • Does the necessary technology exist to do what is suggested? Do the proposed equipments have the technical capacity to hold the data required to use the new system? Will the proposed system provide adequate response to inquiries. ease of access and data security? Earlier no system existed to cater to the needs of ‘Secure Infrastructure Implementation System’. Permission to the users would be granted based on the roles specified. That will meet the organization’s operating requirements. B.C. Thus it provides an easy access to the users. Therefore.

The system is economically feasible. Economic Feasibility A system can be developed technically and that will be used if installed must still be a good investment for the organization. Financial benefits must equal or exceed the costs.C.E. It does not require any addition hardware or software. the development cost in creating the system is evaluated against the ultimate benefit derived from the new systems. There is nominal expenditure and economical feasibility for certain.P. B.N.Online Job Portal 3. Since the interface for this system is developed using the existing resources and technologies available at NIC. In the economical feasibility.3. Ytl Page 18 . Chapter 4 Dr.

Any changes made to the requirements in the future will have to go through formal change approval process. Site Explorer is designed for management of web sites from a remote location.C.N. DEVELOPERS RESPONSIBILITIES OVERVIEW: The developer is responsible for: Dr. B. It is meant for use by the developers and will be the basic during testing phase. Scope: This Document plays a vital role in the development life cycle (SDLC) and it describes the complete requirement of the system.Online Job Portal SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION The software.E. Ytl Page 19 . INTRODUCTION Purpose: The main purpose for preparing this document is to give a general insight into the analysis and requirements of the existing system or situation and for determining the operating characteristics of the system.P.

Ytl Page 20 .P.C. Maintaining the system for a period of one year after installation. which meets the SRS and solving all the requirements of the system? Demonstrating the system and installing the system at client's location after the acceptance testing is successful.Online Job Portal • • • • • Developing the system.N. Chapter 5 Dr. Submitting the required user manual describing the system interfaces to work on it and also the documents of the system.E. B. Conducting any user training that might be needed for using the system.

1 INTRODUCTION TO . including code created by an unknown or semi-trusted third party.Online Job Portal LITERATURE REVIEW 5.P.E.N. To provide a code-execution environment that eliminates the performance problems of scripted or interpreted environments.NET Framework is designed to fulfill the following objectives: • To provide a consistent object-oriented programming environment whether object code is stored and executed locally. To make the developer experience consistent across widely varying types of applications. The . executed locally but Internet-distributed.C.NET Framework can integrate with any other code.NET FRAMEWORK The . To provide a code-execution environment that minimizes software deployment and versioning conflicts. Ytl Page 21 . To provide a code-execution environment that guarantees safe execution of code.NET Framework is a new computing platform that simplifies application development in the highly distributed environment of the Internet. To build all communication on industry standards to ensure that code based on the . or executed remotely. B. such as Windows-based applications and Web-based applications. • • • • • Dr.

FEATURE OF THE COMMON LANGUAGE RUNTIME The common language runtime manages memory.NET Framework not only provides several runtime hosts. server-side environment for managed code. The .NET works directly with the runtime to enable Web Forms applications and XML Web services. both of which are discussed later in this topic. The common language runtime is the foundation of the . Ytl Page 22 . Using Internet Explorer to host the runtime enables you to embed managed components or Windows Forms controls in HTML documents.NET Framework class library. such as Web Forms and XML Web services. providing core services such as memory management. In fact.NET hosts the runtime to provide a scalable. thread execution. compilation.NET Framework can be hosted by unmanaged components that load the common language runtime into their processes and initiate the execution of managed code.NET Framework. Hosting the runtime in this way makes managed mobile code (similar to Microsoft® ActiveX® controls) possible. code execution. The class library. These features are intrinsic to the managed code that runs on the common language runtime.P. the concept of code management is a fundamental principle of the runtime. while also enforcing strict type safety and other forms of code accuracy that ensure security and robustness. Code that targets the runtime is known as managed code. and other system services.N.NET. The . such as semi-trusted execution and secure isolated file storage.NET Framework. is a comprehensive. You can think of the runtime as an agent that manages code at execution time.E. ASP. The following illustration shows the relationship of the common language runtime and the class library to your applications and to the overall system. For example. object-oriented collection of reusable types that you can use to develop applications ranging from traditional command-line or graphical user interface (GUI) applications to applications based on the latest innovations provided by ASP. the other main component of the . The illustration also shows how managed code operates within a larger architecture. code safety verification. Dr. but with significant improvements that only managed code can offer.NET Framework has two main components: the common language runtime and the . but also supports the development of third-party runtime hosts. ASP. while code that does not target the runtime is known as unmanaged code.C.Online Job Portal The . Internet Explorer is an example of an unmanaged application that hosts the runtime (in the form of a MIME type extension). thereby creating a software environment that can exploit both managed and unmanaged features. and Remoting. B. thread management.

or network. The runtime enforces code access security. or local computer). the managed environment of the runtime eliminates many common software issues. the memory manager removes the possibilities of fragmented memory and increases memory locality-of-reference to further increase performance.E.and codeverification infrastructure called the common type system (CTS). A feature called just-intime (JIT) compiling enables all managed code to run in the native machine language of the system on which it is executing. The runtime also enforces code robustness by implementing a strict type. The security features of the runtime thus enable legitimate Internet-deployed software to be exceptionally featuring rich.N. The CTS ensures that all managed code is self-describing. file system. While the runtime is designed for the software of the future. it also supports software of today and yesterday. This infrastructure enables you to Dr. the runtime can be hosted by high-performance. This automatic memory management resolves the two most common application errors. For example. In addition. registry-access operations.NET Framework available to existing code written in that language. programmers can write applications in their development language of choice. but cannot access their personal data. This means that a managed component might or might not be able to perform fileaccess operations.C. Finally. even if it is being used in the same active application. The runtime also accelerates developer productivity. server-side applications. such as Microsoft® SQL Server™ and Internet Information Services (IIS). This means that managed code can consume other managed types and instances. enterprise network. users can trust that an executable embedded in a Web page can play an animation on screen or sing a song. and components written in other languages by other developers. Although the common language runtime provides many standard runtime services. depending on a number of factors that include their origin (such as the Internet. The various Microsoft and third-party language compilers Generate managed code that conforms to the CTS. the runtime automatically handles object layout and manages references to objects.P. The runtime is designed to enhance performance. For example. managed components are awarded varying degrees of trust. releasing them when they are no longer being used. Language compilers that target the . Ytl Page 23 . or other sensitive functions. For example. the class library. yet take full advantage of the runtime. managed code is never interpreted. memory leaks and invalid memory references. while strictly enforcing type fidelity and type safety. Any compiler vendor who chooses to target the runtime can do so. B. greatly easing the migration process for existing applications. Meanwhile.NET Framework make the features of the . Interoperability between managed and unmanaged code enables developers to continue to use necessary COM components and DLLs.Online Job Portal With regards to security.

NET FRAMEWORK CLASS LIBRARY The . Windows GUI applications (Windows Forms). third-party components can integrate seamlessly with classes in the . XML Web services. For example. This not only makes the . the Windows Forms classes are a comprehensive set of reusable types that vastly simplify Windows GUI development. The class library is object oriented.NET Framework. For example.E.NET Framework collection classes implement a set of interfaces that you can use to develop your own collection classes. CLIENT APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Dr. Windows services. Your collection classes will blend seamlessly with the classes in the . B. In addition to these common tasks.NET Framework class library is a collection of reusable types that tightly integrate with the common language runtime.NET Framework types easy to use. and file access. the . including tasks such as string management. you can use the Web Forms classes. If you write an ASP.NET Framework. you can use the .NET applications. . Ytl Page 24 . but also reduces the time associated with learning new features of the . database connectivity. For example. providing types from which your own managed code can derive functionality.NET Framework types enable you to accomplish a range of common programming tasks.Online Job Portal use managed code to write your business logic.C. the . ASP.NET Framework. the class library includes types that support a variety of specialized development scenarios.NET Framework to develop the following types of applications and services: • • • • • • Console applications. while still enjoying the superior performance of the industry's best enterprise servers that support runtime hosting.N. Scripted or hosted applications. In addition. data collection.NET Web Form application. As you would expect from an object-oriented class library.P.

NET Framework integrates the developer interface. developers created such applications using C/C++ in conjunction with the Microsoft Foundation Classes (MFC) or with a rapid application development (RAD) environment such as Microsoft® Visual Basic®.NET Framework provides simple properties to adjust visual attributes associated with forms. enabling a user to perform a task.NET Framework incorporates aspects of these existing products into a single.E. The Windows Forms classes contained in the . Ytl Page 25 .NET Framework are designed to be used for GUI development. buttons. and in these cases the . reporting tools.C.N. menus. This is one of many ways in which the . has access to local resources. the . In the past. and other screen elements with the flexibility necessary to accommodate shifting business needs. Client applications usually employ windows. toolbars. Because of code access security. and includes graphical elements. consistent development environment that drastically simplifies the development of client applications. Unlike ActiveX controls. These are the types of applications that display windows or forms on the desktop. The . B. buttons. as well as custom business applications such as data-entry tools. many applications that once needed to be installed on a user's system can now be safely deployed through the Web. making coding simpler and more consistent. and they likely access local resources such as the file system and peripherals such as printers. This means that binary or natively executing code can access some of the resources on the user's system (such as GUI elements and limited file access) without being able to access or compromise other resources. Windows Forms controls have semi-trusted access to a user's computer. Your applications can implement the features of a local application while being deployed like a Web page. Client applications include applications such as word processors and spreadsheets.P.NET SERVER APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Dr. For example. and other GUI elements. You can easily create command windows. This application is much like other client applications: it is executed natively.NET Framework automatically recreates the forms. and so on. ASP. menus. In some cases the underlying operating system does not support changing these attributes directly.Online Job Portal Client applications are the closest to a traditional style of application in Windows-based programming. Another kind of client application is the traditional ActiveX control (now replaced by the managed Windows Forms control) deployed over the Internet as a Web page.

Unmanaged applications host the common language runtime. ASP.NET as the publishing mechanism for applications. serverside application components similar to common Web sites.NET pages are faster.N. However. and easier to develop than unmanaged ASP pages because they interact with the runtime like any managed application. The following illustration shows a basic network schema with managed code running in different server environments. you can develop Web Forms pages in any language that supports the . it is a complete architecture for developing Web sites and Internet-distributed objects using managed code. As a result. B. like any other managed application. If you have used earlier versions of ASP technology. they take full advantage of the runtime. Both Web Forms and XML Web services use IIS and ASP.E.Online Job Portal Server-side applications in the managed world are implemented through runtime hosts. you will immediately notice the improvements that ASP.NET is the hosting environment that enables developers to use the . For example. XML Web services are built on standards such as SOAP (a remote procedure-call protocol). an important evolution in Web-based technology. XML Web services technology is rapidly moving application development and deployment into the highly distributed environment of the Internet. However. Ytl Page 26 . such as traditional client applications. Instead. unmanaged ASP pages are always scripted and interpreted. In contrast.NET is more than just a runtime host. which allows your custom managed code to control the behavior of the server. your code no longer needs to share the same file with your HTTP text (although it can continue to do so if you prefer). are distributed. XML Web services. Web Forms pages execute in native machine language because. In addition. XML (an extensible data format). Web-based applications.NET and Web Forms offers. and WSDL ( the Web Dr. ASP. and both have a collection of supporting classes in the . or even other XML Web services.NET Framework also provides a collection of classes and tools to aid in development and consumption of XML Web services applications. Servers such as IIS and SQL Server can perform standard operations while your application logic executes through the managed code. XML Web services components have no UI and are not targeted for browsers such as Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. This model provides you with all the features of the common language runtime and class library while gaining the performance and scalability of the host server.NET Framework to target Web-based applications. SERVER-SIDE MANAGED CODE ASP. unlike Web-based applications. The . more functional. XML Web services consist of reusable software components designed to be consumed by other applications.NET Framework.P.NET Framework.C.

NET offers several important advantages over previous Web development models: • Enhanced Performance.N. like Web Forms pages in the managed environment. The ASP. the .NET framework is complemented by a rich toolbox and designer in the Visual Studio integrated development environment. ASP. and automatic deployment are just a few of the features this powerful tool provides. WSDL. without concerning yourself with the communications infrastructure required by distributed software development.C. The . If you develop and publish your own XML Web service. Although you can use the class library to consume XML Web services directly.P. Messaging. Ytl Page 27 .NET ASP. so you can choose the language that best applies to your application or partition your application across many languages. • Power and Flexibility. • World-Class Tool Support. the power and flexibility of that entire platform is available to Web application developers.E. the Web Services Description Language tool included with the . parse its WSDL description. common Dr.NET is a programming framework built on the common language runtime that can be used on a server to build powerful Web applications. B. native optimization. Using those classes enables you to focus on the logic of your service. such as SOAP.NET Framework provides a set of classes that conform to all the underlying communication standards.NET can take advantage of early binding. WYSIWYG editing. Unlike its interpreted predecessors. and produce C# or Visual Basic source code that your application can use to become a client of the XML Web service.NET is compiled common language runtime code running on the server.Online Job Portal Services Description Language). ASP. and caching services right out of the box.NET Framework class library.NET is based on the common language runtime. your XML Web service will run with the speed of native machine language using the scalable communication of IIS. ASP. and Data Access solutions are all seamlessly accessible from the Web. dragand-drop server controls.NET is also language-independent. The source code can create classes derived from classes in the class library that handle all the underlying communication using SOAP and XML parsing. For example. Because ASP. Further. and XML.NET Framework is built on these standards to promote interoperability with non-Microsoft solutions.NET Framework. The . the Web Services Description Language tool and the other tools contained in the SDK facilitate your development efforts with the . ACTIVE SERVER PAGES. ASP. Finally. just-in-time compilation.NET Framework SDK can query an XML Web service published on the Web. This amounts to dramatically better performance before you ever write a line of code.

In fact.NET makes it easy to perform common tasks.NET has been designed with scalability in mind. Additionally. WHAT IS ASP. • Manageability.C. No server restart is required. processes are closely monitored and managed by the ASP. B. you can be assured that your applications are secure. Further. which helps keep your application constantly available to handle requests. from simple form submission and client authentication to deployment and site configuration.E. the ASP.NET Framework applications as well.NET Framework application is deployed to a server simply by copying the necessary files to the server.Online Job Portal language runtime interoperability guarantees that your existing investment in COM-based development is preserved when migrating to ASP.NET Platform currently offers built-in support for three languages: C#.NET runtime. ASP. Because configuration information is stored as plain text. new settings may be applied without the aid of local administration tools. • Simplicity. Visual Basic . This "zero local administration" philosophy extends to deploying ASP. deadlocks).like forms processing model. • Security.NET page framework allows you to build user interfaces that cleanly separate application logic from presentation code and to handle events in a simple.P.NET delivers a well-factored architecture that allows developers to "plug-in" their code at the appropriate level. With built in Windows authentication and per-application configuration. • Scalability and Availability. which simplifies applying settings to your server environment and Web applications.N. An ASP. so that if one misbehaves (leaks.NET runtime with your own custom-written component. Implementing custom authentication or state services has never been easier.NET employs a text-based. with managed code services such as automatic reference counting and garbage collection. ASP. ASP. even to deploy or replace running compiled code. Ytl Page 28 . • Customizability and Extensibility. and JScript. it is possible to extend or replace any subcomponent of the ASP. ASP. the common language runtime simplifies development. For example. hierarchical configuration system. a new process can be created in its place. Visual Basic. with features specifically tailored to improve performance in clustered and multiprocessor environments.NET WEB FORMS? Dr. LANGUAGE SUPPORT The Microsoft .NET.

where the page code is physically declared within the originating . Ytl Page 29 . ASP.Online Job Portal The ASP.aspx file. Server controls automatically maintain any client-entered values between round trips to the server. This control state is not stored on the server (it is instead stored within an <input Dr. the ASP. The first is the method shown in the preceding samples.NET Web Forms pages are text files with an . Server controls are declared within an .NET Web Forms framework has been specifically designed to address a number of key deficiencies in the previous model.HtmlGenericControl. In particular. They can be deployed throughout an IIS virtual root directory tree. the compiled type instance is then reused across multiple requests).N. it provides: • • • The ability to create and use reusable UI controls that can encapsulate common functionality and thus reduce the amount of code that a page developer has to write.HtmlControls.NET server controls to program Web pages.aspx file is compiled only the first time it is accessed.NET page developers can use ASP.aspx resources.Web.NET SERVER CONTROLS In addition to (or instead of) using <% %> code blocks to program dynamic content. CODE-BEHIND WEB FORMS ASP. (Note that the . Intrinsic HTML tags are handled by one of the controls in the System.NET provides syntax compatibility with existing pages). The ability for developers to cleanly structure their page logic in an orderly fashion (not "spaghetti code"). INTRODUCTION TO ASP.UI.NET Web Forms page framework is a scalable common language runtime programming model that can be used on the server to dynamically generate Web pages.C. These code blocks execute in a top-down manner at page render time. ASP.aspx file. This includes support for < % %> code render blocks that can be intermixed with HTML content within an . Any tag that doesn't explicitly map to one of the controls is assigned the type of System.Web. ASP.P. When a browser client requests . B.E.HtmlControls namespace.aspx file using custom tags or intrinsic HTML tags that contain a runat="server" attributes value.UI.NET runtime parses and compiles the target file into a . This class can then be used to dynamically process incoming requests.aspx file name extension.NET Framework class.NET supports two methods of authoring dynamic pages. Intended as a logical evolution of ASP (ASP. The ability for development tools to provide strong WYSIWYG design support for pages (existing ASP code is opaque to tools). An alternative approach--known as the code-behind method--enables the page code to be more cleanly separated from the HTML content into an entirely separate file. the ASP.NET provides syntax compatibility with existing ASP pages.

NET objects include the DataSet. views. and so forth. It was designed specifically for the web with scalability. Note also that no client-side script is required. such as the Connection and Command objects.NET and previous data architectures is that there exists an object -. and DataAdapter. The important distinction between this evolved stage of ADO. much like in a database.that is separate and distinct from any data stores. relationships.NET OVERVIEW ADO.C.NET server controls can automatically project both uplevel and downlevel HTML. In addition to supporting standard HTML input controls.NET ADO. and XML in mind. ADO.NET validation controls provide an easy way to do declarative client or server data validation. DataReader. Key new ADO. C#. 3. columns. the following sample demonstrates how the <asp:adrotator> control can be used to dynamically display rotating ads on a page. Dr. Because of that. statelessness. ASP. and also introduces new objects.NET is an evolution of the ADO data access model that directly addresses user requirements for developing scalable applications.NET templates provide an easy way to customize the look and feel of list server controls.the DataSet -. 1.NET Web Forms provide an easy and powerful way to build dynamic Web UI.NET uses some ADO objects. For example. Inside a DataSet. You can think of the DataSet as an always disconnected recordset that knows nothing about the source or destination of the data it contains.Online Job Portal type="hidden"> form field that is round-tripped between requests). ASP. there are tables. 2. ASP.NET server controls provide an easy way to encapsulate common functionality. constraints.NET enables developers to utilize richer custom controls on their pages. ASP. 6.NET Web Forms pages can target any browser client (there are no script library or cookie requirements). B.E.N. 5. Ytl Page 30 . ASP. the DataSet functions as a standalone entity.P. ASP. 4. ASP.

E. No matter what the source of the data within the DataSet is.NET Data Provider (System. It accomplishes this by means of requests to the appropriate SQL commands made against the data store. the managed provider has detailed and specific information. For storing.Data. Remoting and programming against flat data.Data. B. fill.OleDb).Data. The OLE DB and SQL Server . relational. there are two different options: SQL Server • • .NET Data Providers (System. The following sections will introduce you to some objects that have evolved. The XML-based DataSet object provides a consistent programming model that works with all models of data storage: flat. DataSets.NET Data Provider (System. In the remaining sections of this document. These objects are: • • • Connections. DataReaders. While the DataSet has no knowledge of the source of its data. and by representing the data that it holds as collections and data types. For reading a forward-only stream of data records from a SQL Server data source. DataReader and DataAdapter. data processing has been primarily connection-based. and how to program against them. In these samples we will use the SQL Server . For issuing SQL commands against a database.SqlClient) that are part of the .C. it connects back to the database to update the data there. The OLE DB .Data. data processing is turning to a message-based approach that revolves around chunks of information. in an effort to make multi-tiered apps more efficient. It does this by having no 'knowledge' of the source of its data. DataAdapters.NET Data Provider is used to talk to any OLE DB provider (as it uses OLE DB underneath). Then. and persist the DataSet to and from data stores.N. The role of the managed provider is to connect. Connection. When dealing with connections to a database. Commands. At the center of this approach is the DataAdapter. and hierarchical.Online Job Portal A DataAdapter is the object that connects to the database to fill the DataSet.OleDb and System. XML data and relational data. and some that are new. Dr. For connection to and managing transactions against a database. Ytl Page 31 . we'll walk through each part of the DataSet and the OLE DB/SQL Server .SqlClient) and OLE DB . and reconciling data against a database.NET Data Provider. Now. In the past. These are written to talk directly to Microsoft SQL Server.Net Framework provide four basic objects: the Command. For pushing data into a DataSet. based on operations performed while the DataSet held the data.P. which provides a bridge to retrieve and save data between a DataSet and its source data store. it is manipulated through the same set of standard APIs exposed through the DataSet and its subordinate objects.NET Data Providers explaining what they are.

it is important to remember that DataSet objects do not interact directly with databases. with database-like structures such as tables. a DataSet with a schema can actually be compiled for type safety and statement completion. or a statement that returns results. or user input can all be placed into DataSet objects. an XML file. from code. or other source data. as changes are made to the DataSet they can be tracked and verified before updating the source data. The DataReader API supports flat as well as hierarchical data. an UPDATE statement. Data coming from a database.N. A DataReader object is returned after executing a command against a database. you might use the DataReader to show the results of a search list in a web page. Dr. DATASETS AND DATA ADAPTERS: DataSets the DataSet object is similar to the ADO Recordset object. This allows the developer to work with a programming model that is always consistent. You can also use input and output parameters. columns. or pushed into a DataSet object.P. Commands: Commands contain the information that is submitted to a database. In fact. The GetChanges method of the DataSet object actually creates a second DatSet that contains only the changes to the data. This DataSet is then used by a DataAdapter (or other objects) to update the original data source. However. and return values as part of your command syntax. B.C. and constraints. relationships. For example. regardless of where the source data resides. and are represented by provider-specific classes such as SqlCommand. The example below shows how to issue an INSERT statement against the Northwind database. XML schemas can be used to describe schemas interchanged via WebServices. The DataSet object represents a cache of data. DataReaders: The DataReader object is somewhat synonymous with a read-only/forward-only cursor over data. and are represented by provider-specific classes such as SqlConnection. and with one other important distinction: the DataSet is always disconnected.Online Job Portal Connections: Connections are used to 'talk to' databases. Ytl Page 32 . A command can be a stored procedure call. Then. though a DataSet can and does behave much like a database. The DataSet has many XML characteristics. including the ability to produce and consume XML data and XML schemas. Commands travel over connections and resultsets are returned in the form of streams which can be read by a DataReader object.E. but more powerful. The format of the returned DataReader object is different from a recordset.

Using the Fill method of the DataAdapter calls the SELECT command.Online Job Portal DATA ADAPTERS (OLEDB/SQL) The DataAdapter object works as a bridge between the DataSet and the source data. You don't need to first put data into a DataSet in order to insert. Also. UPDATE. or to store data in a cache for updates. 5. you can execute a command directly against the database in order to do inserts. 2.NET in the documentation. 4. gives the user access to their data and helps them transform the data into information. However. update. so explicitly providing the INSERT. you can use a DataSet to bind to the data. For ad-hoc scenarios. IMS. and navigate data relationships SQL SERVER A database management. ADO. 3. thing or event are bundled together to form a single complete unit of Dr. There is a lot more information about ADO. 1. Remember. A database is a structured collection of data.C. and DELETE commands at design time will result in better run-time performance. the DataSet and DataAdapter. and deletes. Using the provider-specific SqlDataAdapter (along with its associated SqlCommand and SqlConnection) can increase overall performance when working with a Microsoft SQL Server databases. In SQL Server. using the Update method calls the INSERT. information from their database. are provided for these scenarios. the fields relating to a particular person. SQL Server stores each data item in its own fields. paradox. ADO. things and events. updates. Ytl Page 33 These systems allow users to create. UPDATE or DELETE command for each changed row. ADO. including the use of stored procedures.P. or delete it.NET was created with n-Tier.Net Framework. Two new objects. Data refers to the characteristics of people. For other OLE DB-supported databases.NET can be used to get data from a stream.E. Such database management systems include dBase. B. statelessness and XML in the forefront. You can explicitly set these commands in order to control the statements used at runtime to resolve changes. a CommandBuilder object can generate these at run-time based upon a select statement.N. you would use the OleDbDataAdapter object and its associated OleDbCommand and OleDbConnection objects. The DataAdapter object uses commands to update the data source after changes have been made to the DataSet. 6. or DBMS. SQL Server and SQL Server. update and extract . move through the data.NET is the next evolution of ADO for the . this run-time generation requires an extra round-trip to the server in order to gather required metadata.

It allows the user and the database system to identify. B. Ytl Page 34 . or simply the Key. you define any additional fields or change the definition of existing fields. If your business needs change over time. During an SQL Server Database design project. RELATIONAL DATABASE Sometimes all the information of interest to a business operation can be stored in one table. It stores data in two or more tables and enables you to define relationships between the table and enables you to define relationships between the tables. or RDBMS. The primary key provides the means to distinguish one record from all other in a table. locate and refer to one particular record in the database. Related tables are grouped together to form a database. the analysis of your business needs identifies all the fields or attributes of interest.E. This is what makes SQL Server a relational database management system. FOREIGN KEY When a field is one table matches the primary key of another field is referred to as a foreign key. Each record is made up of a number of fields. Matching an employee to the department in which they work is one example. A foreign key is a field or a group of fields in one table whose values match those of the primary key of another table. PRIMARY KEY Every table in SQL Server has a field or a combination of fields that uniquely identifies each record in the table.C. Different tables are created for the various groups of information.N.Online Job Portal data.P. called a record (it can also be referred to as raw or an occurrence). SQL SERVER TABLES SQL Server stores records relating to each other in a table. Dr. No two fields in a record can have the same field name. The Unique identifier is called the Primary Key. SQL Server makes it very easy to link the data in multiple tables.

C. DATA ABSTRACTION A major purpose of a database system is to provide users with an abstract view of the data. B.E. it also maintains consistency between them. This system hides certain details of how the data is stored and maintained. Physical level: This is the lowest level of abstraction at which one describes how the data are actually stored. View level: This is the highest level of abstraction at which one describes only part of the database. Ytl Page 35 . ADVANTAGES OF RDBMS • • • • • • • • Redundancy can be avoided Inconsistency can be eliminated Data can be Shared Standards can be enforced Security restrictions ca be applied Integrity can be maintained Conflicting requirements can be balanced Data independence can be achieved.N. Conceptual Level: At this level of database abstraction all the attributed and what data are actually stored is described and entries and relationship among them.P. Ensuring that the data among related tables is correctly matched is referred to as maintaining referential integrity. Dr.Online Job Portal REFERENTIAL INTEGRITY Not only does SQL Server allow you to link multiple tables. Data abstraction is divided into three levels.

In addition to the cost of purchasing of developing the software. FEATURES OF SQL SERVER (RDBMS) SQL SERVER is one of the leading database management systems (DBMS) because it is the only Database that meets the uncompromising requirements of today’s most demanding information systems. the lack of duplication requires that the database be adequately backed up so that in case of failure the data can be recovered.Online Job Portal DISADVANTAGES OF DBMS A significant disadvantage of the DBMS system is cost.E. SQL SERVER RDBMS is high performance fault tolerant DBMS which is specially designed for online transactions processing and for handling large database application. which are • The row level lock manager Dr. distributed. even application that require simultaneous DSS and OLTP access to the same critical data. While centralization reduces duplication. Ytl Page 36 . the hardware has to be upgraded to allow for the extensive programs and the workspace required for their execution and storage.N. and open DBMS that delivers unmatched performance.C. SQL Server leads the industry in both performance and capability SQL SERVER is a truly portable. SQL SERVER with transactions processing option offers two features which contribute to very high level of transaction processing throughput.P. From complex decision support systems (DSS) to the most rigorous online transaction processing (OLTP) application. continuous operation and support for every database. B.

P. B.N.Online Job Portal Chapter 6 Dr.E. Ytl Page 37 .C.

Design provides us with representations of software that can assess for quality. The designer’s goal is to produce a model or representation of an entity that will later be built. data structure design. and procedural details are developed reviewed and documented. Ytl Page 38 . From the technical point of view. Design is the first step in the development phase for any engineered product or system.2. progressive refinement of data structure.Online Job Portal SYSTEM DESIGN 6. During design. interface design and procedural design. one whose quality cannot be assessed until the last stage. once system requirement have been specified and analyzed. design is comprised of four activities – architectural design.N. Beginning.E. INTRODUCTION Software design sits at the technical kernel of the software engineering process and is applied regardless of the development paradigm and area of application. 6.P. Design is the place where quality is fostered in software development. code and test that is required to build and verify software. Software design serves as a foundation for all the software engineering steps that follow. system design is the first of the three technical activities -design.C.1. Design is the only way that we can accurately translate a customer’s view into a finished software product or system. The importance can be stated with a single word “Quality”. System design can be viewed from either technical or project management perspective. program structure. Without a strong design we risk building an unstable system – one that will be difficult to test. B. E – R DIAGRAMS Dr.

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The relation upon the system is structure through a conceptual ER-Diagram, which not only specifics the existential entities but also the standard relations through which the system exists and the cardinalities that are necessary for the system state to continue.

The entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) depicts the relationship between the data objects. The ERD is the notation that is used to conduct the date modeling activity the attributes of each data object noted is the ERD can be described resign a data object descriptions.

The set of primary components that are identified by the ERD are  Data object  Attributes  Relationships  Various types of indicators.

The primary purpose of the ERD is to represent data objects and their relationships.

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6.4. DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS
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A data flow diagram is graphical tool used to describe and analyze movement of data through a system. These are the central tool and the basis from which the other components are developed. The transformation of data from input to output, through processed, may be described logically and independently of physical components associated with the system. These are known as the logical data flow diagrams. The physical data flow diagrams show the actual implements and movement of data between people, departments and workstations. A full description of a system actually consists of a set of data flow diagrams. Using two familiar notations Yourdon, Gane and Sarson notation develops the data flow diagrams. Each component in a DFD is labeled with a descriptive name. Process is further identified with a number that will be used for identification purpose. The development of DFD’S is done in several levels. Each process in lower level diagrams can be broken down into a more detailed DFD in the next level. The lop-level diagram is often called context diagram. It consists a single process bit, which plays vital role in studying the current system. The process in the context level diagram is exploded into other process at the first level DFD. The idea behind the explosion of a process into more process is that understanding at one level of detail is exploded into greater detail at the next level. This is done until further explosion is necessary and an adequate amount of detail is described for analyst to understand the process. Larry Constantine first developed the DFD as a way of expressing system requirements in a graphical from, this lead to the modular design. A DFD is also known as a “bubble Chart” has the purpose of clarifying system requirements and identifying major transformations that will become programs in system design. So it is the starting point of the design to the lowest level of detail. A DFD consists of a series of bubbles joined by data flows in the system.

DFD SYMBOLS: In the DFD, there are four symbols 1. A square defines a source(originator) or destination of system data 2. An arrow identifies data flow. It is the pipeline through which the information flows 3. A circle or a bubble represents a process that transforms incoming data flow into outgoing data flows. 4. An open rectangle is a data store, data at rest or a temporary repository of data

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New Logical 4. Dr.Online Job Portal Process that transforms data flow. Ytl Page 42 . Current Physical 2. Similarly data flows and data stores are often labels with the names of the actual physical media on which data are stored such as file folders. B. Source or Destination of data Data flow Data Store SAILENT FEATURES OF DFD’S 1.E. Current Logical 3. 2. not of control loops and decision are controlled considerations do not appear on a DFD. monthly or yearly. The sequence of events is not brought out on the DFD. New Physical CURRENT PHYSICAL: In Current Physical DFD proecess label include the name of people or their positions or the names of computer systems that might provide some of the overall system-processing label includes an identification of the technology used to process the data. TYPES OF DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS 1.N. computer files. business forms or computer tapes. weekly. The DFD shows flow of data. 3.P. The DFD does not indicate the time factor involved in any process whether the dataflow take place daily.C.

Ytl Page 43 .Online Job Portal CURRENT LOGICAL: The physical aspects at the system are removed as mush as possible so that the current system is reduced to its essence to the data and the processors that transforms them regardless of actual physical form. B.N.E.C. absolute function removal and inefficient flows recognized. NEW LOGICAL: This is exactly like a current logical model if the user were completely happy with he user were completely happy with the functionality of the current system but had problems with how it was implemented typically through the new logical model will differ from current logical model while having additional functions.P. NEW PHYSICAL: The new physical represents only the physical implementation of the new syste 1st Level DFD’s Dr.

Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW JOB SEEKER CREATION Dr.E.C. B. Ytl Page 44 .P.N.

C.E.N. B. Ytl Page 45 .Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW JOB SEARCH CREATION Dr.P.

Online Job Portal 2nd Level DFD’s Dr.C. Ytl Page 46 .N.P. B.E.

E.5.N. Business Sector City Details Dr. The below tables are normalized to avoid any anomalies during the course of data entry. B.P.Online Job Portal DFD FOR NEW RECRUITMENT CREATION 6. DATA DICTONARY After carefully understanding the requirements of the client the the entire data storage requirements are divided into tables.C. Ytl Page 47 .

Ytl Page 48 .Online Job Portal Country Details Experience Detail Functional Area Job Openinng Detail Dr. B.C.E.P.N.

B.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Response to Recruiter Job Type Detail Location Master Qualification Dr. Ytl Page 49 .P.C.N.E.

N. Ytl Page 50 . B.Online Job Portal Recruiter Account Details Recruiter Organization Details Recruiter Response to Jobseeker Skill Master State detail Dr.C.E.P.

P. Ytl Page 51 .Online Job Portal Student Detail Admin Login Jobseeker Background Details Contact Details Dr.E.C.N. B.

Ytl Page 52 . B.C.N.P.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Job Details Jobseeker Registration Jobseeker Resume Dr.E.

P.N. Ytl Page 53 . B.C.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Technical Details SYSTEM DESIGN Dr.E.

 This model view models the static structures. Behavioral Model View  It represents the dynamic of behavioral as parts of the system. The analysis representation describes a usage scenario from the end-users perspective. Structural model view  In this model the data and functionality are arrived from inside the system. which is as follows. Each view is defined by a set of diagram. which focuses on the user model and structural model views of the system? • UML design modeling. Implementation Model View  In this the structural and behavioral as parts of the system are represented as they are to be built.P.N. This view represents the system from the users perspective. UML is specifically constructed through two different domains they are • UML Analysis modeling. • User Model View i. Dr. ii. Ytl Page 54 .E. implementation modeling and environmental model views. B. which focuses on the behavioral modeling. Environmental Model View In this the structural and behavioral aspects of the environment in which the system is to be implemented are represented. Use case Diagrams represent the functionality of the system from a user’s point of view.Online Job Portal UNIFIED MODELING LANGUAGE DIAGRAMS • The unified modeling language allows the software engineer to express an analysis model using the modeling notation that is governed by a set of syntactic semantic and pragmatic rules. depicting the interactions of collection between various structural elements described in the user model and structural model view. Use cases focus on the behavior of the system from external point of view. • A UML system is represented using five different views that describe the system from distinctly different perspective. Use cases are used during requirements elicitation and analysis to represent the functionality of the system.C.

Examples of actors include users like administrator.. B. Ytl Page 55 . bank customer …etc.C.Online Job Portal Actors are external entities that interact with the system.E. or another system like central database. Use case Model Dr.P.N.

E.P.C.Online Job Portal SYSTEM NAME Use case 1 Acto r Acto r Use case 2 Use case n USECASE FOR LOGIN Login Admin Dr. B. Ytl DATABASE Page 56 .N.

N. Ytl Page 57 .E. B.C.P.Online Job Portal USE Cases of Web Based Recruitment Process Interface Dr.

N.P.Online Job Portal Home Package2 Login Page Admin Home Administrator J ob Provider Login Add J ob Provider J ob Provider Details J ob Seeker Add J ob Seeker J ob Seeker Details Update J ob Provider Details Update J ob seeker Details Search Contact Us About us \ Dr. B.E.C. Ytl Page 58 .

P.Online Job Portal Package3 Home Page Login page J ob Provider Page Add New J ob J ob Provider Delete J ob Update J ob Check J ob Seeker Info Provide requirement to job seeker Search J ob Seeker Send Mails to J obSeeker Check Receive mails About Us contact Us Dr. B.C.N. Ytl Page 59 .E.

P. B. Ytl Page 60 .N.Online Job Portal SEQUENCE DIAGRAMS: Sequence Diagrams Represent the objects participating the interaction horizontally and time vertically.E. Admin Login Adm in Login Bal : Adm inLogin Dal : SqlHelper DataBase 1 : Login() 2 : CheckUser() 3 : Execute NonQuery() 4 : Exeute NonQuery() 5 : Response to ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Get Response() 7 : Show Result() Dr.C.

B.C.E.Online Job Portal Admin Add Country Sequence Diagram Adm in Country BAL : clsCountry DAL : sqlhelper DataBase 1 : Add Country() 2 : InsertCountry() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Dr.N.P. Ytl Page 61 .

Ytl Page 62 .E. B.N.P.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Update Profile Sequence Diagram J obSeeker Update J obseeker Profile BAL : clsUpdateJ obSeekerProfile DAL : sqlhelper DataBase 1 : ModifyProfile() 2 : UpdateProfile() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Registration Sequence Diagram Dr.C.

B.N. Ytl Page 63 .Online Job Portal Registration BAL : ClsRegistration DAL : SqlHelper DataBase 1 : Registration() 2 : ExecuteNonQuery() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() 4 : Response to ExecuteNonQuery() 5 : Return Response() 6 : Show Result() Admin Login: Admin Add Collaboration Diagram Dr.C.P.E.

N.C.P. B.E. Ytl Page 64 .Online Job Portal DAL : sqlhelper 4 : ExecuteNonQuery() 3 : ExecuteNonQuery() DataBase 5 : Response To ExecuteNonQuery() BAL : clsCountry 2 : InsertCountry() 6 : Return Response() 7 : Show Result() Country 1 : Add Country() Adm in Activity Diagrams: Login Activity Dr.

B.C.E. Ytl Page 65 .Online Job Portal [Enter User Name and Password] Get Details [Submit] Validate Data Rejected No yes Accepted Jobseeker Registration Activity Dr.N.P.

Online Job Portal Class Diagram: Dr. B.E. Ytl Page 66 .N.P.C.

B.C. Ytl Page 67 .N.E.P.Online Job Portal Dr.

E. B.P.N. Ytl Page 68 .Online Job Portal Dr.C.

N. Ytl Page 69 .Online Job Portal Chapter 7 OUTPUT SCREENS Dr.P.C. B.E.

E. B.C.P.Online Job Portal Home screen Dr. Ytl Page 70 .N.

C.P.N.E.Online Job Portal Admin Login Admin Home Dr. Ytl Page 71 . B.

P. B.Online Job Portal Admin Add Dr. Ytl Page 72 .E.C.N.

B.E.N.C. Ytl Page 73 .Online Job Portal Admin Add Country Dr.P.

C. B.N.Online Job Portal Admin Add Job Type Dr.E. Ytl Page 74 .P.

E.C. Ytl Page 75 .P. B.N.Online Job Portal Admin Add Qualification Dr.

Ytl Page 76 .C.Online Job Portal Admin Jobseeker report Dr. B.P.E.N.

N. Ytl Page 77 .E.Online Job Portal Existing User Login Dr.C.P. B.

E. B.P.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Login Dr.N. Ytl Page 78 .C.

C. Ytl Page 79 .E. B.N.P.Online Job Portal Jobseeker Home Dr.

N. B. Ytl Page 80 .P.C.E.Online Job Portal Recruiter login Dr.

E. Ytl Page 81 . B.N.Online Job Portal Recruiter Home Dr.P.C.

C.Online Job Portal Recruiter Job Opening Detail Dr.P. B. Ytl Page 82 .E.N.

C.E.Online Job Portal More Dr. B. Ytl Page 83 .N.P.

Online Job Portal New Recruiter Registration Dr.P.E. B. Ytl Page 84 .C.N.

N.P.E. B.C. Ytl Page 85 .Online Job Portal New Recruiter Registration-1 Dr.

Online Job Portal SYSTEM TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATION 8.E.P. INTRODUCTION Dr.C. B.1. Ytl Page 86 .N.

Testing is the set of activities that can be planned in advance and conducted systematically. Initially system engineering defines the role of software and leads to software requirement analysis where the information domain.E. Testing progress by moving outward along the spiral to integration testing. behavior. constraints and validation criteria for software are established. where the software and other system elements are tested as a whole. The underlying motivation of program testing is to affirm software quality with methods that can economically and effectively apply to both strategic to both large and small-scale systems. To develop computer software we spiral in along streamlines that decrease the level of abstraction on each turn. A strategy for software testing integrates software test case design methods into a wellplanned series of steps that result in the successful construction of software. testing is the one step in the software engineering process that could be viewed as destructive rather than constructive. we come to design and finally to coding. A strategy for software testing may also be viewed in the context of the spiral. Moving inward along the spiral.Online Job Portal Software testing is a critical element of software quality assurance and represents the ultimate review of specification.C. B. 8.P. Finally we arrive at system testing. where the focus is on the design and the construction of the software architecture.2. Unit testing begins at the vertex of the spiral and concentrates on each unit of the software as implemented in source code. In fact.N. performance. STRATEGIC APPROACH TO SOFTWARE TESTING The software engineering process can be viewed as a spiral. functions. Talking another turn on outward on the spiral we encounter validation testing where requirements established as part of UNIT TESTING software requirements analysis are validated against the software that has been constructed. MODULE TESTING Component Testing SUB-SYSTEM TESING Integration Testing Dr. Ytl SYSTEM TESTING Page 87 ACCEPTANCE TESTING User Testing . design and coding.

3.C. Unit Testing Unit testing focuses verification effort on the smallest unit of software design.N.P. Ytl Page 88 . All conditions are exercised to check their validity. 3. All loops are executed on their boundaries. To follow the concept of white box testing we have tested each form .we have created independently to verify that Data flow is correct. B. 1. WHITE BOX TESTING This type of testing ensures that • • • • All independent paths have been exercised at least once All logical decisions have been exercised on their true and false sides All loops are executed at their boundaries and within their operational bounds All internal data structures have been exercised to assure their validity. CONDITIONAL TESTING Dr.Online Job Portal 8.E. the module. The unit testing we have is white box oriented and some modules the steps are conducted in parallel.

All the loops were skipped at least once.N. And all the resulting paths were tested. So that each path that may be generate on particular condition is traced to uncover any possible errors. DATA FLOW TESTING This type of testing selects the path of the program according to the location of definition and use of variables. The definitionuse chain method was used in this type of testing. LOOP TESTING In this type of testing all the loops are tested to all the limits possible. This kind of testing was used only when some local variable were declared. For nested loops test the inner most loop first and then work outwards.P. just above them and just below them. 5. B.C. Dr. Each unit has been separately tested by the development team itself and all the input have been validated. For concatenated loops the values of dependent loops were set with the help of connected loop. These were particularly useful in nested statements. Ytl Page 89 . The following exercise was adopted for all loops: • • • • • All the loops were tested at their limits.E.Online Job Portal In this part of the testing each of the conditions were tested to both true and false aspects. Unstructured loops were resolved into nested loops or concatenated loops and tested as above. 4.

P.C.1 SECURITY IN SOFTWARE Dr.N.Online Job Portal Chapter 9 SYSTEM SECURITY 9. B.E. Ytl Page 90 .

passwords and permissions are controlled o the server side.name.C.E. SERVER SIDE VALIDATION Some checks cannot be applied at client side. Page 91 Dr. It is always important to ensure that only valid data is entered and only valid operations are performed on the system.P. B. constraints on several restricted operations are imposed. Some of the server side checks imposed is: • Server side constraint has been imposed to check for the validity of primary key and foreign key. A primary key value cannot be duplicated. User. Maximum lengths of the fields of the forms are appropriately defined. Some checks imposed are: • • VBScript in used to ensure those required fields are filled with suitable data only.N. • • User is intimating through appropriate messages about the successful operations or exceptions occurring at server side. Any attempt to duplicate the primary value results into a message intimating the user about those values through the forms using foreign key can be updated only of the existing foreign key values. Access permissions to various types of users are controlled according to the organizational structure. Client side validation saves server time and load to handle invalid data. Only permitted users can log on to the system and can have access according to their category. • Using server side validation.Online Job Portal System security refers to various validations on data in form of checks and controls to avoid the system from failing. • Tab-indexes are set according to the need and taking into account the ease of user while working with the system. Server side checks are necessary to save the system from failing and intimating the user that some invalid operation has been performed or the performed operation is restricted. The system employees two types of checks and controls: CLIENT SIDE VALIDATION Various client side validations are used to ensure on the client side that only valid data is entered. Ytl . Forms cannot be submitted without filling up the mandatory data so that manual mistakes of submitting empty fields that are mandatory can be sorted out at the client side to save the server time and load. Various Access Control Mechanisms have been built so that one user may not agitate upon another.

P.Online Job Portal Dr.E. Ytl Page 92 .C. B.N.

NET web based application and no some extent Windows Application and SQL Server. Ytl Page 93 . It also provides knowledge about the latest technology used in developing web enabled Dr.P. This project proved good for me as it provided practical knowledge of not only programming in ASP.NET and VB.Online Job Portal Chapter 10 CONCLUSION It has been a great pleasure for me to work on this exciting and challenging project. but also about all handling procedure related with “PROJECT NAME”. B.C.E.N.

Dr. From every part of the project the user is provided with the links through framing so that he can go from one option of the project to other as per the requirement. which can create problems at later date. Ytl Page 94 . Decision making process would be greatly enhanced because of faster processing of information since data collection from information available on computer takes much less time then manual system. There are options for him by which he can update the records.Online Job Portal application and client server technology that will be great demand in future. • • Allocating of sample results becomes much faster because at a time the user can see the records of last years. Moreover there is restriction for his that he cannot change the primary data field. • Sometimes the user finds in the later stages of using project that he needs to update some of the information that he entered earlier. Easier and faster data transfer through latest technology associated with the computer and communication. whatever he is entering.C. There are checks on every stages of any new creation. He can see the desired records with the variety of options provided by him. • • Data storage and retrieval will become faster and easier to maintain because data is stored in a systematic manner and in a single database. This is bound to be simple and very friendly as per the user is concerned. This keeps the validity of the data to longer extent.P. This is very helpful for the client to enter the desired information through so much simplicity. This project offers user to enter the data through simple and interactive forms. data entry or updation so that the user cannot enter the invalid data. That is. • • User is provided the option of monitoring the records he entered earlier. BENEFITS: The project is identified by the merits of the system offered to the user. The merits of this project are as follows: • • • It’s a web-enabled project. B. The user is mainly more concerned about the validity of the data.N. This will provide better opportunities and guidance in future in developing projects independently.E. we can sat that the project is user friendly which is one of the primary concerns of any good project.

accuracy and transparency.C. users working on the Dr.Online Job Portal • Through these features it will increase the efficiency. Training for simple computer operations is necessary for the system. Ytl Page 95 . B. LIMITATIONS: • • The size of the database increases day-by-day.N.E. increasing the load on the database back up and data maintenance activity.P.

B.Online Job Portal Chapter 11 FUTURE IMPROVEMENT • This System being web-based and an undertaking of Cyber Security Division.C.P.E. needs to be thoroughly tested to find out any security gaps. Dr. Ytl Page 96 . • A console for the data centre may be made available to allow the personnel to monitor on the sites which were cleared for hosting during a particular period.N.

E. it is just a beginning.N.Online Job Portal • Moreover. B.C. Dr. further the system may be utilized in various other types of auditing operation viz.P. Ytl Page 97 ... Network auditing or similar process/workflow based applications.

com • FOR ASP.msdn.fmexpense.E.microsoft.NET INSTALLATION www.asp.com/quickstart/aspplus/default.com Dr.N.com www.msdn.NET www.net www.mircosoft.C.Online Job Portal Chapter 11 BIBLIOGRAPHY • FOR .microsoft.P. B.com • FOR SQL www. Ytl Page 98 .support.com/net/quickstart/aspplus/default.

P.E.csharpcorner. B.N.com • BOOKS C#2008 for Developers (Dietel Series)-SAMS PUBLICATION C#3.C.Online Job Portal www. Ytl Page 99 .0 Unleased (SAMS) Dr.

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