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Building a Trellis
Trellises give small gardens a lot more vertical space and help you to maximize yields in both large and small gardens. The difference in the yield of a single row of bush beans versus a row of pole beans supported on a trellis is incredible! Trellises can give a feeling of enchanted enclosure or framing to your garden as well as making it fun to feel like you are in a jungle trek or a scene from a fairy tale in your backyard. There are many types of trellises you can build, depending only on your imagination and your skill. I like to use local or onsite construction materials, such as branches or bamboo poles.
tree prunings, such as apple or plum branches or three- to five-year-old bamboo poles, freshly harvested, branches and tops removed and soaked overnight in a borax solution (as an insect repellent) hemp or palm twine digging bar loppers pruners saw tape measure
1. Cut the poles to a height of 4 to 6 feet (or to a height you can reach comfortably). Cut the bottom of the poles at a 45° angle and place the cut end into holes at each end of the trellis. 2. Make 2-foot deep holes in the ground with the digging bar. Set the poles in the holes with the angled end in the ground. 3. Cross the end poles about 6 inches from the top. Tie the poles where they intersect by crisscrossing them with twine, then looping the twine over the juncture between the two poles and pulling it tight. 4. One foot above ground level, connect all supports with a crosspiece. 5. If designed, make some X-shaped cross supports with poles (this creates triangles, which are the strongest shapes), tying them to the frame as above. 6. Finish with a top crosspiece that connects the whole trellis together, tying in the same manner as above. 7. Tie twine for plants to climb every few inches between the bottom and top crosspieces. Peas will need 2-inch spacing; beans need 6 inches. Tomatoes can be spaced every 8 inches.