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III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &

Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Explain the Radiation from Two wire. [8+8]

2. (a) Derive the expressions for electric field in case of short current element and

hence obtain the conditions for the field to be in Franhofer region.

(b) Find the distance from a radiating element with 60Hz current such that radi-

ation and induction fields are equal. [10+6]

3. (a) A linear broadside array consist of 4 identical equal in phase point source with

λ/3 spacing. Calculate and plot the field pattern. Also find the directivity

and beam width.

(b) What is optimum spacing used in parasitic array? Why. [12+4]

(b) Derive an expression for radiated electric field strength of a traveling wave

radiation of length ‘l’. [8+8]

5. (a) Sketch the current distribution of folded dipole and find out input impedance

when two legs have unequal diameters.

(b) A Parabolic dish provides a power gain of 50dB at 10GHz, with 70% efficiency.

Find out

i. HPBW.

ii. BWFN, diameter. [8+8]

6. (a) Describe the method of measuring the gain and radiation pattern of an an-

tenna.

(b) A standard gain horn antenna with a power gain of 12.5, is used to measure the

gain of a large directional antenna by comparison method. The test antenna

is connected to the receiver and an attenuator adjusted to 23dB in order to

have the same receiver output. Find out the gain of the large antenna. [8+8]

i. Space wave propagation.

ii. Duct propagation.

1 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 1

(b) VHF communication is to be established with a 50watt transmitter at 100MHz.

Calculate the LOS distance if the heights of transmitting and receiving an-

tennas are respectively 50m and 10m. Assuming the capture area of the

transmitting antenna is 25sqmts, calculate the field strength at the receiving

neglecting ground reflected wave. [8+8]

(b) Discuss the reasons for reduction of field strength in sky wave propagation.

[8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &

Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) An antenna has a radiation resistance of 73 ohms and a lossy resistance of 7

ohms. If the power gain is 20, calculate the directivity and the efficiency of

the antenna. [8+8]

2. (a) Derive an expression for radiance resistance of current element starting from

the expression for radiation fields.

(b) Prove that the impedance of an isolated antenna when used for receiving is

same as when used for transmitting. [8+8]

3. (a) In order to scan the beam of a linear array to 300 off broadside. Calculate the

inner element phase shift required if the elements are spaced at 3 cms and the

frequency is 64 KHz.

(b) What are linear arrays. Compare Broadside array and End fire array. [8+8]

4. (a) Derive an expression for electric field of a Non Resonant antenna of length ‘l’

carrying current.

(b) Sketch and explain the constructional features of a Helical Antenna. [10+6]

5. (a) What is a Parasitic Element? Describe the use of different types of parasites

in TV receiving antennas.

(b) Derive an expression for aperture field distribution of a parabolidal reflector.

[8+8]

6. (a) Describe the method of measuring the gain and radiation pattern of an an-

tenna.

(b) A standard gain horn antenna with a power gain of 12.5, is used to measure the

gain of a large directional antenna by comparison method. The test antenna

is connected to the receiver and an attenuator adjusted to 23dB in order to

have the same receiver output. Find out the gain of the large antenna. [8+8]

7. (a) Define MUF and Critical frequency. Derive the expressions for the same.

What is Secant law?

(b) Describe the Ground wave propagation. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 2

(b) Give an account of effect of earths imperfections and roughness. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &

Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

i. Beam Width

ii. Side Lobe Level

iii. Polarization

iv. Effective Aperture Area.

(b) What is the effective length of an antenna. Determine the effective length of

a half wave dipole antenna. [8+8]

2. (a) Show that the radiation resistance of a small loop is equal to 320π 4(A/λ2 )

ohms where A is loop area.

(b) What is Folded Dipole ? Find its Radiation Resistance. [8+8]

3. (a) Explain the procedure for measuring the radiation pattern of a half wave

dipole.

(b) What is the requirement for tapering of arrays.

(c) State the applications of arrays. [8+4+4]

(b) Draw the radiation pattern for traveling wave antenna for L=λ/2,λ,2 λ,4λ and

8 λ. [8+8]

5. (a) What is a Parasitic Element? Describe the use of different types of parasites

in TV receiving antennas.

(b) Derive an expression for aperture field distribution of a parabolidal reflector.

[8+8]

6. (a) Describe the method of measuring the gain and radiation pattern of an an-

tenna.

(b) A standard gain horn antenna with a power gain of 12.5, is used to measure the

gain of a large directional antenna by comparison method. The test antenna

is connected to the receiver and an attenuator adjusted to 23dB in order to

have the same receiver output. Find out the gain of the large antenna. [8+8]

surface(assumed flat) separated by 1200km. Calculate MUF and angle of take off

1 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 3

of the transmitted wave from the following: Highest signal frequency returned to

earth after vertically upward propagation=7.2MHz. Virtual height of the ionized

layer=200kms. Deduce the working formula. [16]

8. (a) Distinguish between Radio and Optical horizons. Give the reasons.

(b) Write short notes on M-Curves. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &

Telematics)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Define antenna beam width and directivity and obtain the relation between

them.

(b) Calculate the electric field (Erms) due to an isotropic radiator radiating 3KW

power at a distance of 2 Km from it. [8+8]

2. (a) State the following antenna theorems and bring out their importance in an-

tenna measurements :

i. Reciprocity theorem.

ii. Maximum power transfer theorem.

(b) A half wave transmitting antenna radiates 10KW of power at 100MHz.If the

heights of transmitting and receiving antennas are 100m and 9m, calculate the

power received at a distance of 10kms from the transmitting antenna. [8+8]

3. (a) Calculate

i. HPBW

ii. Solid Angle if a linear array having 10 isotropic point source with λ/2

spacing and phase difference δ=900 .

(b) Write short notes on Hansen-Wood yard end fire array. [8+8]

(b) Compare Resonant and Non Resonant antennas.

(c) Explain the working of Rhombic antenna. [4+4+8]

5. (a) Compute the gain, principle beam width and HPBW of a 10m diameter par-

abolic dish with a half wave length dipole feed in focus at 10GHz.

(b) Explain the Cassegrain mechanism in transmission mode. List out the advan-

tages and disadvantages of Cassegrain feed. [8+8]

6. (a) What is an electromagnetic horn antenna? What are its applications? The

length of an E-plane sectoral horn is 15cms. Design the horn dimensions such

that it is optimum at 10GHz.

(b) Calculate the minimum distance required to measure the field pattern of an

antenna of diameter 2m at a frequency of 3GHz. Derive the necessary equa-

tion. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: R05310403 Set No. 4

7. (a) Show that Ionosphere act as a variable refractive index medium.

(b) A radio link has to be established between two earth station at a distance of

25000kms. If the height of ionosphere is 200kms and its critical frequency is

5MHz. Calculate the MUF for the given path. Also calculate the electron

density in the ionosphere layer. [8+8]

8. (a) Describe the troposphere and explain how tropospheric ducts can be used for

microwave propagation.

(b) Derive the expression for space wave electric field produced by an antenna at

a distance point, assuming a flat earth. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

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