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Farmakologi Jantung

Farmakologi Jantung

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Published by ArIya Eka Kusuma

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Published by: ArIya Eka Kusuma on Apr 05, 2013
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Hubungan potensial membran jantung dan aliran ion

Pacu jantung .

Action potentials originate in the sinoatrial (SA) node and Sinoatrial travel across the wall of the (SA) node atrium (arrows) from the SA node to the atrioventricular Atrioventricular (AV) node. Action potentials pass through the AV node and along the atrioventricular (AV) bundle. 3. which extends from the AV node. and action potentials descend to the apex of each ventricle along the bundle branches. through the fibrous skeleton. Left atrium 1 2 3 Left ventricle 4 Apex . Left and Right bundle 4. The AV bundle divides into right and left bundle branches. Action potentials are branches carried by the Purkinje Purkinje fibers from the bundle fibers branches to the ventricular walls.1. into Atrioventricular the interventricular (AV) bundle septum. (AV) node 2.




Diastole: Active ventricular filling. Systole: Period of ejection. Ventricular contraction causes the AV valves to close. which is the beginning of ventricular systole. 4. Diastole: Period of isovolumic relaxation. 3. Systole: Period of isovolumic contraction. Note that the AV valves closed.Semilunar valves closed AV valves closed Semilunar valves opened AV valves closed 1. Blood flowing back toward the relaxed ventricles causes the semilunar valves to close. Semilunar valves closed AV valves opened . Diastole: Passive ventricular filling. The semilunar valves were closed in the previous diastole and remain closed during this period. Semilunar valves closed AV valves closed 5. The AV valves open and blood flows into the relaxed ventricles. Semilunar valves closed AV valves opened 2. also. causing the semilunar valves to open. accounting for most of the ventricular filling. which is the beginning of ventricular diastole. Continued ventricular contraction pushes blood out of the ventricles. The atria contract and complete ventricular filling.

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