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Iron Carbon

Iron Carbon

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Published by Saumil Shah

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Published by: Saumil Shah on Apr 05, 2013
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IRON CARBON DIAGRAM

Ferrite (α-iron, δ-iron) Austenite (γ-iron) Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite) Martensite Bainite Ledeburite (ferrite-cementite eutectic, 4.3% carbon) Cementite (iron carbide, Fe3C

Ferrite: a solid solution in which alpha iron is the solvent . Maretensite: a solid solution of carbon in alpha-iron that is formed when steel is cooled so rapidly that the change from austenite to pearlite is suppressed. cooling decomposes the austenite to ferrite and cementite. Bainite: Steel formed by austempering. Cementite: A chemical compound that is a constituent of steel and cast iron. as a result of which a single liquid phase is produced. . 9. the constituents being cementite and austenite at high temperatures. Eutectoid Reaction: It is a three-phase reaction by which. on cooling. Peritectic Reaction: An isothermal reversible reaction in which a liquid phase reacts with a solid phase during cooling to produce a second solid phase. 7. Steel which has cooled slowly from a high temperature contains ferrite and pearlite in relative proportions varying with the chemical composition of the steel. 10. It is hard. Ledeburite: The eutectic of the iron-carbon system. responsible for the hardness of quenched steel 8. cools to form pearlite or martensite 2. Pearlite: A (flat and thin) mixture of ferrite and cementite forming distinct layers or bands in slowly cooled carbon steels. brittle and crystalline. exhibiting considerable toughness. 6. very hard and brittle An iron carbide (Fe3C) constituent of steel. Austenite: A solid solution of ferric carbide or carbon in iron. with a body centered cubic crystal structure 5. reversible reaction between two (or more) solid phases during the heating of a system. a solid transforms into two other solid phases at the same time. having an acicular structure of ferrite and carbides. and combining high strength with high ductility. 3. 4.or a solid solution with iron as the main constituent.Some important terms: 1. Pearlite is a lamellar structure of ferrite and cementite.or . Eutectic Reaction: An isothermal.

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