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UNESCO _ Education - Life Skills

UNESCO _ Education - Life Skills

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Published by Katerina Dimitriou
Abilities for Adaptive and Positive Behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and the challenges of Everyday LIfe.
Abilities for Adaptive and Positive Behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and the challenges of Everyday LIfe.

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Published by: Katerina Dimitriou on Apr 05, 2013
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11/01/2013

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UNESCO | Education - What are the “skills” referred to in this approach?

UNESCO.ORG The Organization Education Natural Sciences Social Sciences Culture Communication & Information

 
Russian

 

 A FRESH APPROACH
Why school health Why FRESH

 GLOBAL CHALLENGES   Gender   EFA & Quality Education   Sustainable development  THE FRESH FRAMEWORK   Overview Core 1   School health policies   Water, sanitation and the
3   Core Skills-based health education environment Core 4 Core 2

As children grow from infancy to adolescence and young adulthood, they need to learn many kinds of skills. Language, reading, writing and mathematics are considered the most basic of the skills children must master. In addition, they must learn a great variety of practical skills, like tooth brushing, how to drive a car or use public transportation, food preparation, and basic safety and survival skills. They also need to learn skills associated with work, income generation and money management. Last but not least, experience in the field of health education has demonstrated that children need another group of skills that are now generally referred to as “life skills .”

Stories for Health Education and Skills Development

What’s New

 ONLINE TOOLS
-   School health policies

  School-based health services   Three supporting strategies  THEMES   Overview   HIV/AIDS   Food and Nutrition   Helminths and Hygiene   Malaria   Violence   Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco  PARTNERS
Overview UNESCO UNICEF World Bank WHO FAO WFP UNAIDS RBM UNODC EI EDC PCD CTC IRC

-   Water, sanitation and the environment Although life skills have been closely linked to health related topics, life skills are not -  Skills-based health education confined to a domain or subject, but represent cross-cutting applications of knowledge, values, attitudes and skills which are important in the process of individual development -  School-based Health Services and in lifelong learning. The World Health Organization has defined life skills as “abilities Tools for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with -  HIV/AIDS the demands and challenges of everyday life.” In particular, life skills are a group of Food and Nutrition cognitive, personal and interpersonal abilities that help people make informed decisions, -  solve problems, think critically and creatively, communicate effectively, build healthy -  Helminths and Hygiene relationships, empathise with others, and cope with and manage their lives in a healthy -  Malaria and productive manner. -  Violence The skills referred to in the skills-based approach to health education include both the -  Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco practical skills associated with specific health behaviours and life skills. A suggested framework for skills-based programmes could therefore aim at developing competencies - Planning and evaluation in the four following areas: knowledge and critical thinking skills (learning to know), practical skills (learning to do), personal skills (learning to be) and social skills (learning  ONLINE RESOURCES to live together). The practical skills are the manual skills under learning to do, and the - Legal Instruments psycho-social life skills are the skills under learning to know, to be and to live together. A - Thematic documents life skills approach to education is one that teaches an essential combination of skills needed in a particular and specific context, both practical and life skills.  School health worldwide Depending on the topic, socio-cultural context, age group etc, the specific life skills needed - Africa for an individual at a certain moment and context vary enormously, and it is therefore not - Arab States possible to draw up a definitive list of essential life skills. - Asia and the Pacific There are, however, some cognitive, personal and interpersonal life skills that are generally considered particularly important. - Europe and North America

LEARNING TO KNOW - Cognitive abilities > Decision making/problem solving skills Information gathering skills Evaluating future consequences of present actions for self and others Determining alternative solutions to problems Analysis skills regarding the influence of values and attitudes of self and others on motivation > Critical thinking skills Analyzing peer and media influences Analyzing attitudes, values, social norms and beliefs and factors affecting these Identifying relevant information and information sources LEARNING TO BE – Personal abilities > Skills for increasing internal locus of control Self esteem/confidence building skills Self awareness skills including awareness of rights, influences, values, attitudes, strengths and weaknesses Goal setting skills Self evaluation / Self assessment / Self-monitoring skills > Skills for managing feelings Anger management Dealing with grief and anxiety

- Latin America & the Caribbean

     

 
Contacts

http://portal.unesco.org/education/en//ev.php-URL_ID=36637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html[30/11/2010 5:50:07 μμ]

UNESCO | Education - What are the “skills” referred to in this approach?

Coping skills for dealing with loss, abuse, trauma > Skills for managing stress Time management Positive thinking Relaxation techniques LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER - Inter-personal abilities > Interpersonal communication skills Verbal/Nonverbal communication Active listening Expressing feelings; giving feedback (without blaming) and receiving feedback > Negotiation/refusal skills Negotiation and conflict management Assertiveness skills Refusal skills > Empathy Ability to listen and understand another's needs and circumstances and express that understanding > Cooperation and Teamwork Expressing respect for others' contributions and different styles Assessing one's own abilities and contributing to the group > Advocacy Skills Influencing skills and persuasion Networking and motivation skills

Though this list suggests that the three categories of skills are distinct from each other, health behaviour typically requires the use of a combination of skills simultaneously. For example, to avoid early pregnancy a young woman may need decision-making skills ("what are my options?"), values clarification skills ("what is important to me?"), selfmanagement skills (“how can I protect myself / how can I achieve my goals”) and interpersonal skills (“how do I resist pressure to have sex and communicate my decision to others?”). Ultimately, the interplay between the skills is what produces powerful behavioural outcomes.
Depending on the topic, socio-cultural context, age group etc, the specific life skills needed for an individual at a certain moment and context vary enormously, and it is therefore not possible to draw up a definitive list of essential life skills. There are, however, some cognitive, personal and interpersonal life skills that are generally considered particularly important. LEARNING TO KNOW - Cognitive abilities > Decision making/problem solving skills Information gathering skills Evaluating future consequences of present actions for self and others Determining alternative solutions to problems Analysis skills regarding the influence of values and attitudes of self and others on motivation > Critical thinking skills Analyzing peer and media influences Analyzing attitudes, values, social norms and beliefs and factors affecting these Identifying relevant information and information sources LEARNING TO BE – Personal abilities > Skills for increasing internal locus of control Self esteem/confidence building skills Self awareness skills including awareness of rights, influences, values, attitudes, strengths and weaknesses Goal setting skills Self evaluation / Self assessment / Self-monitoring skills > Skills for managing feelings Anger management Dealing with grief and anxiety Coping skills for dealing with loss, abuse, trauma

http://portal.unesco.org/education/en//ev.php-URL_ID=36637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html[30/11/2010 5:50:07 μμ]

UNESCO | Education - What are the “skills” referred to in this approach?
> Skills for managing stress

 

Time management Positive thinking Relaxation techniques LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER - Inter-personal abilities

> Interpersonal communication skills Verbal/Nonverbal communication Active listening Expressing feelings; giving feedback (without blaming) and receiving feedback > Negotiation/refusal skills Negotiation and conflict management Assertiveness skills Refusal skills > Empathy Ability to listen and understand another's needs and circumstances and express that understanding > Cooperation and Teamwork Expressing respect for others' contributions and different styles Assessing one's own abilities and contributing to the group > Advocacy Skills Influencing skills and persuasion Networking and motivation skills

Though this list suggests that the three categories of skills are distinct from each other, health behaviour typically requires the use of a combination of skills simultaneously. For example, to avoid early pregnancy a young woman may need decision-making skills ("what are my options?"), values clarification skills ("what is important to me?"), self-management skills (“how can I protect myself / how can I achieve my goals”) and interpersonal skills (“how do I resist pressure to have sex and communicate my decision to others?”). Ultimately, the interplay between the skills is what produces powerful behavioural outcomes.

http://portal.unesco.org/education/en//ev.php-URL_ID=36637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html[30/11/2010 5:50:07 μμ]

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