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4-1 Ratios and Proportions

4-1 Ratios and Proportions

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Published by: 2theMoon_js8242 on Apr 05, 2013
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Lesson 4-1 Ratios and Proportions

Objective: To solve proportions

means 10 30  5 15 extremes .Vocabulary ratio – a comparison of two numbers by division Ex. The ratio x to y can be expressed three ways: x x to y x:y y proportion – an equation stating that two ratios are equal Ex.

30 miles per gallon .Vocabulary scale – a ratio is called a scale when making a model to represent something that is too large or too small to be conveniently drawn at actual size Ex. scale on a map Rate – ratio of two measurements having different units of measure Ex.

the product of the extremes is equal to the product of the means. IF a c  .Cross Product Property of Proportions In a proportion. . b d then ad=bc.

Examples Use the cross products to determine whether each pair of ratios forms a proportion. 8 28 4 12 . 2 12 . 11 33 2 18  312 36  36 2 12  3 18 6 28  8 22 168  176 6 22  8 28 33 4  12 11 132  132 4 12  11 33 . 3 18 6 22 .

Examples Solve each proportion. 3 x w2 7   4 8 5 5 3 8  4  x 24  4x 24 4 x  4 4 5( w  2)  7  5 5w  10  35 -10 -10 6 x 5w  25 5w 25  5 5 x6 w5 .

Your Turn: Solve the proportion. y 7  9 16 y 16  9  (7) 16 y  63 16 y 63  16 16 63 y 16 .

SHOW YOUR WORK!! Page 199 # 15-35 odd .Homework Write this in your agenda.

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