Introduction to Composite Material Modeling with SolidWorks Simulation Premium
Helping Designers make the right choice

Henri Dos Santos

Presentation Outline

• • • • • • • •

Introduction Characterisation of Composite Materials Composite Applications SolidWorks Simulation Premium Composite Positioning SolidWorks Simulation Premium Functional Composite Specifications Composite Sandwich principle Composite failure Composite Modelling in SolidWorks

Quality of our results

Introduction .What is a composite Material? Four basic categories of structural materials : • Metals • • • Polymers Ceramics And Composites Definition : « Composite materials consist of two or more separate materials combined in a macroscopic structural unit » .

Introduction 1+1 = 3 2 improved specific properties not obtainable by any of the original components acting alone .

History facts/ Did you know? .Introduction .

1000 BC (“opus caementicium”) .History facts/ Did you know? The ancient Egyptians were the first people known to make use of plywood reinforced concrete invented by the Romans approx.Introduction .

Advantages and Disadvantages of Composites Advantages • • • • • • Lightweight High specific stiffness High specific strength Tailored properties Excellent fatigue endurance Excellent weather/Water resistance Can be radar and sonar transparent Low thermal expansion Good Damping • • • • • Disadvantages Cost of materials Long development time Manufacturing difficulties Temperature limits Hidden Damage • • • .

Advantages and Disadvantages of composites .

in a matrix Hybrid : combinations of any of the above Roles of the matrix and Reinforcement in a composite : Matrix • Give shape to the composite • Protects the reinforcements from the environment • Transfers loads to the reinforcements • Contribute to properties such as toughness Reinforcements • Give strengh and stiffness • Dominate other properties such as coefficient of thermal expansion. conductivity .Types of composite Composites include : • • • • Fibrous : Composed of fibers. in a matrix Laminar : layers of materials Particulate : Composed or particles or flakes.

Types of composite High Strength fiber • Glass fiber • Quartz fiber • Organic fiber • Carbon fiber • Boron fiber • Ceramic fiber Matrix • Thermo set resins • Polyester • Vinlyester • Epoxy • Etc • Thermoplastics • PPS • PEEK • PEI • Metals • Glass • Ceramics • Carbon .

aluminum facings. etc) • • Multi-layer laminates Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) • • • • • Glass matrix composites Ceramic Matrix Composites Ceramic Ceramic Composites Carbon Carbon Composites etc. honeycomb. steel facings and core (foam.Types of composite • • Fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) Sandwich structures • FRP facings. .

Use of composites today .

Use of composites today 25% of the A380's airframe by weight Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) glass-fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP) quartz-fibre reinforced plastic (QFRP) GLARE (GLAss-REinforced fibre metal laminate) .

But also .

Use of composites today .

thickness.Positioning & Marketing… Composite Material modeling has been added to SolidWorks Simulation Premium Scoped to be a tool for Design Engineers who wish to: • Explore the use of composites as a replacement for sheet metal. thin walled castings. or other homogenous thin walled materials Evaluate the benefits and/or sensitivity of material. or orientation in an existing thin walled composite material application • . number of plys.

) (laminates) Study Types supported: • • Static Frequency • Buckling Material supported : • Each layer can be isotropic or orthotropic Output supported: • • • Tsai-Hill. Max Principal Stress FOS plots Interlaminar Shear Stress General Stress and Displacement output per shells . Tsai-Wu.Functional Specifications… Composite formulations supported: • • 3-layer Sandwich Multi-layer Symmetric and Asymmetric (50 layers max.

Sandwich Core • Foam • Balsa wood • Composite honeycomb • … • • • • Skins Sheet metal Glass FRC … .

Theorical Symmetric Sandwich Beam principle bending stiffness ??? .

Theories for Predicting Failure of Composite Laminates A variety of failure criteria exist to predict the ply level ultimate strength in polymer matrix composites. Maximum Stress simply compare macroscopic (ply level) stresses in each coordinate direction to maximum values. . Tsai-Hill and Tsai-Wu use quadratic (and tensor in the case of Tsai-Wu) combinations of the stresses to account for stress interaction.

SolidWorks 2009 Improve the Quality of Your Design Goals • Minimize deflexion Max (<15 mm) • Minimize weight of the part (<300 g) • Geometry/global shape can’t be changed !! Force= 50N • Free to change thickness and materials .

SolidWorks 2009 Current design : • Material used is orthotropic • Thickness is 3 mm • deflexion Max is 18.2 mm • weight is 733 g .

7 mm • weight is 204 g Benefits : .5 mm • deflexion Max is 13.SolidWorks 2009 New design : • composite • Sandwich definition with a foam material • Same previous material for skins • Total Thickness is 5.

SolidWorks 2009 – Composite support .

Conclusion Composite materials have great potential in the next decades » » .

insight SolidWorks Simulation add Value & Strength to Your Products Thank You Helping Designers make the right choice Henri Dos Santos .

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