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Normative data for the Stork Test

The following table (Sharkey & Gaskill 2006) are norms for children. Age Under 10 10-15 Over 15

RATING Male Female Male Female Male Female Low Average High 15 30 45 10 20 35 25 40 55 15 30 45 35 50 65 25 40 55

The following table (Johnson & Nelson 1979) are national norms for 16 to 19 year olds. Rating Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor Males >50 41-50 31-40 20-30 <20 Females >30 23-30 16-22 10-15 <10

The following table (Schell & Leelarthaepin 1994) are norms for male and females. Rating Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor Males >50 37-50 15-36 5-14 <5 Females >27 23-27 8-22 3-7 <3


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development. What factors may influence test results?

The following factors may have an impact on the results of a test (test reliability):

The ambient temperature, noise level and humidity The amount of sleep the athlete had prior to testing The athlete's emotional state Medication the athlete may be taking The time of day The athlete's caffeine intake The time since the athlete's last meal The test environment - surface (track, grass, road, gym) The athlete's prior test knowledge/experience Accuracy of measurements (times, distances etc.) Is the athlete actually applying maximum effort in maximal tests Inappropriate warm up People present The personality, knowledge and skill of the tester Athlete's clothing Surface on which the test is conducted Environmental conditions - wind, rain, etc

What should be recorded?

The information to be recorded falls into two broad categories:

The day-to-day information from training o State of the athlete (health, composure) o Physiological data (body weight, resting heart rate, etc.) o The training unit (speed, speed endurance, strength, technique) o The training load (the number of miles, the number of sets and repetitions, the number of attempts) o The training intensity (kilograms, percentage of maximum, percentage of VO2) o The prevailing conditions (wet, windy, hot etc.) o The response to training (the assignments completed, the resultant heart rate recovery, felt tired, etc.) Information that measures status. This can take the form of a test. If the test is repeated throughout the program, it can then be used as a measure of progress within the training discipline. Examples of such tests are: o Time trials - speed, speed endurance, endurance o Muscular endurance - chins, push ups, dips o Strength maximum - single repetitions, maximum repetitions o Explosive strength - power bounding, vertical jump, overhead shot putt o Mobility - objective measurements of the range of movement o Event specific

Stork Stand Test

No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Name Gender Age Time 1 (s) Time 2(s) Time 3(s)