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Psy 2206 Intro to Research Methods in Psy

Dr. Launius

Scales of Measurement and Appropriate Statistics
The scale of measurement of variables determines the mathematical operations that are permitted for those variables. In turn, these mathematical operations, determine which statistics can be applied to the data. The chart below lists the scales of measurement and the types of statistics that can be applied to variables created using these scales of measurement. Scale of Measurement Interval Ratio Identity Identity Identity Properties Identity Magnitude Equal Interval True Zero Addition Mathematical Operations Addition Count Rank Order Subtraction Multiplication Division Statistical Applications Nominal Ordinal Interval Mode Median Mode Descriptive Statistics Mean Mode Median Range Statistics Range Statistics Variance Standard Deviation Ratio Mode Median Mean Range Statistics Variance Standard Deviation Approximately Interval Mode Median Mean Range Statistics Variance Standard Deviation Subtraction Subtraction Addition Magnitude Equal Interval Magnitude

Nominal

Ordinal

Approx. Interval Identity Magnitude *Treated as Equal Interval

Non-Parametric MannWhitney U Kruskal-Wallis H ANOVA Friedman ANOVA Pearson Correlation Spearman Correlation Parametric t-test Parametric t-test ANOVA Pearson Correlation Parametric t-test ANOVA Pearson Correlation

Inferential Statistics

NonParametric Chi-Square

Adapted from Wadsworth Publishing Co. Statistics Workshops: Scales of Measurement http://www.wadsworth.com/psychology_d/templates/student_resources/workshops/stat_workshp/scale/scale_01.html