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UNS S30400/UNS S30403 AK Steel Type 304 is a variation of the basic 18-8 grade, Type 302, with a higher chromium and lower carbon content. Lower carbon minimizes chromium carbide precipitation due to welding and its susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. In many instances, it can be used in the ”as-welded“ condition, while Type 302 must be annealed in order to retain adequate corrosion resistance. Type 304L is an extra low-carbon variation of Type 304 with a 0.03% maximum carbon content that eliminates carbide precipitation due to welding. As a result, this alloy can be used in the ”as-welded“ condition, even in severe corrosive conditions. It often eliminates the necessity of annealing weldments except for applications specifying stress relief. It has slightly lower mechanical properties than Type 304. Typical uses include architectural mouldings and trim, kitchen equipment, welded components of chemical, textile, paper, pharmaceutical and chemical industry processing equipment.
Type 304 % Carbon Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Nitrogen Iron 0.08 max. 2.00 max. 0.045 max. 0.030 max. 0.75 max. 18.00-20.00 8.00-12.00 0.10 max. Balance Type 304L % 0.03 max. 2.00 max. 0.045 max. 0.030 max. 0.75 max. 18.0-20.0 8.0-12.0 0.10 max. Balance
AK Steel produces Type 304 Stainless Steel in thicknesses from 0.01" to 0.25" (0.025 to 6.35 mm) max. and widths up to 48" (1219 mm). For other thicknesses and widths, inquire.
AK Steel Types 304 and 304L Stainless Steels are covered by the following specifications: Type 304 AMS 5513 ASTM A 240 ASTM A 666 Type 304L AMS 5511 ASTM A 240 ASTM A 666
Typical Room Temperature Mechanical Properties
UTS ksi (MPa) Type 304L Type 304 85 (586) 90 (621) 0.2% YS ksi (MPa) 35 (241) 42 (290) Elongation % in 2" (50.8 mm) 55 55 Hardness Rockwell B80 B82
100°C) – 9.649°C) –10.AK STEEL 304/304L STAINLESS STEEL DATA SHEET PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Density. When a weld filler is needed.2650 (1399 . OH 45069 www. AWS E/ER 308. WELDABILITY The austenitic class of stainless steels is generally considered to be weldable by the common fusion and resistance Customer Service 800-331-5050 AK Steel Corporation 9227 Centre Pointe Drive West Chester. Types 304 and 304L are generally considered to be the most common alloys of this stainless class. H = 200 Oersteds.6 x 10-6 (17. Applications suggested for the materials are described only to help readers make their own evaluations and decisions. Their combination of low yield strength and high elongation permits successful forming of complex shapes. BTU/hr/ft2/ft/°F (W/m•K) at 212°F (100°C) – 9. customary units.1454) The maximum temperature to which Types 304 and 304L can be exposed continuously without appreciable scaling is about 1650°F (899°C).4) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion. in/in/°F (μm/m•K) 32. petroleum and food industry exposures.4 x 10-6 (18. parts should be full annealed or stressrelief annealed as soon as possible after forming. There is no warranty with respect to values of the materials at other locations. ksi (MPa) 28.3) 32-1000°F (0 . However. Types 304 and 304L Stainless Steels are well known in reference literature and more information can be obtained in this way.1. Types 304 and 304L have very good drawability.7) Magnetic Permeability.315°C) – 9. Modulus of Elasticity.538°C) –10.9) 32.2050°F (1038 .212°F (0 . microhm-in (microhm-cm) 68°F (20°C) – 28. OXIDATION RESISTANCE HEAT TREATMENTS techniques.2 x 103 ( 78 x 103) in torsion Melting Range.100°C) – 0.1121°C). the maximum exposure temperature is about 1500°F (816°C). textile.212°F (0 . Stress Relief Annealing: Cold worked parts should be stress relieved at 750°F (399°C) for 1/2 to 2 hours. 308L or 347 are most often specified. Data referring to mechanical properties and chemical analyses are the result of tests performed on specimens obtained from specific locations with prescribed sampling procedures.8 (116) Specific Heat. and are neither guarantees nor to be construed as express or implied warranties of suitability for these or other applications.4 (16. Approximate metric equivalents may be obtained by performing the following calculations: Length (inches to millimeters) – Multiply by 25.03 g/cm3 3 Electrical Resistivity.600°F (0 .4 x 10-6 (16. METRIC CONVERSION Data in this publication are presented in U.29 lbs/in 8.4 (21. To relieve stresses produced in severe forming or spinning.0 x 103 (193 x 103) in tension 11. Annealed .aksteel.2) at 932°F (500°C) – 12.com © 2007 AK Steel Corporation 7100-0096 7/07 .4) 32-1200°F (0 . BTU/lb/°F (kJ/kg•K) 32 . Type 304 is non-hardenable by heat treatment.2 x 10-6 (18. any warranty thereof is limited to the values obtained at such locations and by such procedures. °F (°C) – 2550 .50) Thermal Conductivity.12 (0. chemical.5556 Density (pounds per cubic inch to kilograms per cubic meter) – Multiply by 27. Thin strip sections may be air cooled. these grades work harden rapidly. 0. For intermittent exposure.8948 Temperature (Fahrenheit to Celsius) – (°Fahrenheit . then cool rapidly.02 max. FORMABILITY CORROSION RESISTANCE These steels exhibit excellent resistance to a wide range of atmospheric. Annealing: Heat to 1900 .32) Multiply by 0. Special consideration is required to avoid weld ”hot cracking“ by assuring formation of ferrite in the weld deposit.4 (72) 1200°F (659°C) – 45. AK Steel and the AK Steel logo are registered trademarks of AK Steel Corporation.670 The information and data in this product data sheet are accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief.S. but heavy sections should be water quenched to minimize exposure in the carbide precipitation region. but are intended for general information only.4 Strength (ksi to megapascals or meganewtons per square meter) – Multiply by 6.