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The Seven Words of Jesus on the Cross

The Seven Words of Jesus on the Cross

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The Seven Words of Jesus on the Cross
The Seven Words of Jesus on the Cross

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Published by: Mark Andrew Fernandez on Apr 08, 2013
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Christ Jesus died on the Cross to redeem mankind, to save us from our sins because of his love for us. As recorded in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John in the Holy Bible, Jesus Christ was mocked, scorned, and tortured in the praetorium. He carried his cross up the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem to Calvary, was nailed to the Cross and hung between two common criminals, and suffered an indescribable end, recalled by the Church on Good Friday of Holy Week. One may meditate on the Passion of Christ by reflecting on his Seven Words on the Cross or by a devotion known as the Way of the Cross. When religious pilgrimages to the Holy Land ended with military occupation of

Jerusalem in the Middle Ages, a popular devotion known as the Way of the Cross arose during Lent retracing the Passion, Crucifixion, and Death of Jesus. The fourteen Stations of the Cross are (1) Pilate condemns Jesus to death; (2) Jesus takes up his Cross; (3) He falls the first time; (4) Jesus meets his sorrowful mother Mary; (5) Simon helps carry the cross; (6) Veronica cleans his face; (7) He falls the second time; (8) Jesus consoles the women of Jerusalem; (9) He falls the third time; (10) Jesus is stripped of his garments; (11) Jesus is nailed to the cross; (12) Jesus Christ dies on the cross; (13) He is taken down from the cross; (14) Christ is laid in the tomb. Here are his Seven Words, the last seven expressions of Jesus Christ on the Cross recorded in Scripture.


"Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do."
Gospel of Luke 23:34 Jesus is looking down from the cross just after he was crucified between two criminals. He sees the soldiers who have mocked him, scourged him and tortured him, and who have just nailed him to the cross. He probably remembers those who have sentenced him - Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin, Pontius Pilate, and Herod. But is he not also thinking of his Apostles and companions who have deserted him, to Peter who has denied him three times, to the fickle crowd, who only days before praised him on his entrance to Jerusalem, and then days later chose him over Barabbas to be crucified? Is he also thinking of us, who daily forget him in our lives? Does he react angrily? No! At the height of his physical suffering, his love prevails and He asks His Father to forgive them! Right up to his final hours on earth, Jesus preaches forgiveness. He teaches forgiveness in the Lord's prayer: "Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us" (Matthew 6:12). When asked by Peter, how many times should we forgive someone, Jesus answers seventy times seven (Matthew 18:21-22). At the Last Supper, Jesus explains his crucifixion to his Apostles when he tells them to drink of the cup: "Drink of it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins" (Matthew 26:27-28). He forgives the paralytic at Capernaum (Mark 2:5), and the adulteress caught in the act and about to

be stoned (John 8:1-11). And even following his Resurrection, his first act is to commission his disciples to forgive: "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained" (John 20:2223).


"Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise."
Gospel of Luke 23:43 Now it is not just the religious leaders or the soldiers that mock Jesus, but even one of the criminals, a downward progression of mockery. But the criminal on the right speaks up for Jesus, explaining the two criminals are receiving their just due, whereas "this man has done nothing wrong." Then, turning to Jesus, he asks, "Jesus, remember me when you come in your kingdom" (Luke 23:42). What wonderful faith this repentant sinner has in Jesus - far more than the doubting Thomas, one of his own Apostles. Ignoring his own suffering, Jesus mercifully responds with His second word. The second word again is about forgiveness, this time directed to a sinner. Just as the first word, this Biblical expression is found only in the Gospel of Luke. Jesus shows his Divinity by opening heaven for a repentant sinner - such generosity to a man that only asked to be remembered!


"Jesus said to his mother: "Woman, this is your son." Then he said to the disciple: "This is your mother."
Gospel of John 19:26-27 Jesus and Mary are together again, at the beginning of his ministry in Cana and now at the end of his public ministry at the foot of the Cross. What sorrow must fill her heart, to see her Son mocked, tortured, and crucified. Once again, a sword pierces Mary's soul: we are reminded of the prediction of Simeon at the Temple (Luke 2:35) . There are four at the foot of the cross, Mary his Mother, John, the disciple whom he loved, Mary of Cleopas, his mother's sister, and Mary Magdalene. He addresses his third word to Mary and John, the only eye-witness of the Gospel writers.

But again Jesus rises above the occasion, and his concerns are for the ones that love him. The good son that He is, Jesus is concerned about taking care of his mother. In fact, this passage offers proof that Jesus was the only child of Mary, because if he did have brothers or sisters, they would have provided for her. But Jesus looks to John to care for her. St. Joseph is noticeably absent. The historic paintings, such as Tondodoni by Michelangelo and The Holy Family by Raphael, suggest Joseph was a considerably older man. St. Joseph had probably died by the time of the crucifixion, or else he would have been the one to take care of Mary. Early Christian traditions and the second-century apocryphal Protoevangelium of James held that Joseph was a widower, and his children by his former wife were the "brothers and sisters of Jesus." Another striking phrase indicating Jesus was an only child is Mark 6:3, referring to Jesus: "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?" Now if James, Joses and Judas and Simon were also natural sons of Mary, Jesus would not have been called the "son of Mary," but rather "one of the sons of Mary."


"My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 This was the only expression of Jesus in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. Both Gospels related that it was in the ninth hour, after 3 hours of darkness, that Jesus cried out this fourth word. The ninth hour was three o'clock in Judea. After the fourth Word, Mark related with a horrible sense of finality, "And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed his last" (Mark 15:37). One is struck by the anguished tone of this expression in contrast to the first three words of Jesus. This cry is from the painful heart of the human Jesus who must feel deserted by His Father and the Holy Spirit, not to mention his earthly companions the Apostles. As if to emphasize his loneliness, Mark even has his loved ones "looking from afar," not close to him as in the Gospel of John. Jesus feels separated from his Father. He is now all alone, and he must face death by himself. But is not this exactly what happens to all of us when we die? We too are all alone at the time of death! Jesus completely lives the human experience as we do, and by doing so, frees us from the clutches of sin.

free from sin. Jesus who came to save us is crucified. The wounds inflicted upon him in the scourging. and He realizes the horror of what is happening and what He now is enduring. especially after losing blood on the three-hour walk through the city of Jerusalem to Golgotha on the Way of the Cross. and of all innocent persons who suffer. they have numbered all my bones" (22:16-17). There is also one mediator between God and the human race. . The Psalm continues: "They divide my garments among them. the crowning with thorns. But it is only for a moment. and thus his cry from the Cross recalls the cry of Israel. It is by His death that we are redeemed. so that. Evil triumphs. indicate the passion of Jesus was far worse than one can imagine. Psalm 22 of David makes a striking prophecy of the crucifixion of the Messiah at a time when crucifixion was not known to exist: "They have pierced my hands and my feet. who gave himself as ransom for all" (I Timothy 2:5-6). He is about to be engulfed in the raging sea of sin. we might live for righteousness. "For there is one God. himself human. Jesus is now in shock.His fourth Word is the opening line of Psalm 22. The burden of all the sins of humanity for a moment overwhelm the humanity of our Savior. The Shroud has been exhaustively studied by every possible scientific maneuver. as reported by Gerald O'Collins in Interpreting Jesus. THE FIFTH WORD "I thirst. Christ Jesus. and the nailing upon the cross are now taking their toll. "He himself bore our sins in his body upon the cross. There can not be a more dreadful moment in the history of man as this moment. Systematic studies of the Shroud of Turin. as Jesus admits: "But this is your hour" (Luke 22:53). and for my vesture they cast lots" (22:18)." Gospel of John 19:28 The fifth word of Jesus is His only human expression of His physical suffering. But does this not have to happen? Does this not have to occur if Jesus is to save us? It is in defeat of his humanity that the Divine plan of His Father will be completed. and the scientific burden of proof is now on those who do not accept the Shroud as the burial cloth of Jesus.

starkly portrayed by both Matthew (27:47-51) and Mark (15:33-38). What is the darkest day of mankind becomes the brightest day for mankind. and He decisively gives his Mother Mary to the disciple who loved him." I Peter 2:24. When Jesus died. the abandonment by his Apostles. the passion of Jesus in the Gospel of John expresses his Kingship and proves to be His triumphant road to glory. and his death. the darkness over the land. The sixth word is Jesus' recognition that his suffering is over and his task is completed. One should not miss the double entendre here. there is no trial before the Sanhedrin. The King of the Jews― (John 19:19). . the intense mockery and torture heaped upon Jesus. Jesus is obedient to the Father and gives his love for mankind by redeeming us with His death on the Cross. Rex Iudaeorum. but the way of the Cross is presented with majesty and dignity. In John. Jesus remained in control to the end. the inscription at the head of the cross is pointedly written “Jesus of Nazareth. The above painting is meant to capture the moment. his suffering all alone. Jesus is not stumbling or falling as in the Synoptic Gospels. In contrast. and gone are the repeated mockeries and scourging. John presents Jesus as directing the action the entire way." and he bowed his head and handed over the spirit. But rather. The Synoptic Gospels narrated the horror of the event . The loved ones of Jesus are with Him."It is finished. Gospel of John 19:30 It is now a fait accompli. The phrase “It is finished― carries a sense of accomplishment. He "handed over" the Spirit.the agony in the garden. Jesus is introduced at the Roman trial as “Behold your King!― (John 19:14). the trail before the Sanhedrin. he said. and it is He who handed over his Spirit. And in John. for “Jesus went out bearing his own Cross― (John 19:17). The inscription INRI at the top of the cross is the Latin Iesus Nazarenus. THE SIXTH WORD When Jesus had received the wine.By his wounds you have been healed. And the Gospels as a group captured this paradox.

through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus. and remind you of all that I have said to you" (14:26). Helper." The piercing of his side fulfills the prophecy in Zechariah 12:10: "They will look on me whom they have pierced. and immediately after His death with the centurion" "Now when the centurion saw what had taken place. "Certainly this man was innocent" (Luke 23:47). Pascha in Greek and Latin). the day before the actual Passover (Pesach in Hebrew. will teach you everything. Jesus recalls Psalm 31:5 . 22). faithful God. THE SEVENTH WORD Jesus cried out in a loud voice. as noted by St. O Lord. and is directed to the Father in heaven." Gospel of Luke 23:46 The seventh word of Jesus is from the Gospel of Luke. The symbolism of water for the Holy Spirit becomes more evident in John 19:34: "But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear. Jesus fulfilled His mission: "They are justified by his grace as a gift. the Holy Spirit. At the Last Supper. the Spirit of truth" (14:16-17). the criminal (Luke 23:41). Jesus mentions living water in John 4:10-11 when he meets the Samaritan woman at the well. Christ announces he would ask the Father to send "another Advocate to be with you always. through Dismas (by legend). and during the Feast of Tabernacles refers to living water as the Holy Spirit in 7:37-39. whom the Father will send in my name. The innocent Lamb was slain for our sins. John's Gospel related that it was the Day of Preparation. he praised God and said. that Jesus was sentenced to death (19:14) and sacrificed on the Cross (19:31)." The piercing of Jesus' side prefigures the Sacraments of Eucharist (blood) and Baptism (water). Christ became the Paschal or Passover Lamb.for this may also be interpreted as His death brought forth the Holy Spirit. "Father. He died at the ninth hour (three o'clock in the afternoon). Paraclete. The word Advocate is also translated as Comforter. into your hands I commend my spirit. and immediately there came out blood and water. about the same time as the Passover lambs were slaughtered in the Temple."Into thy hands I commend my spirit. Paul: "For Christ our Passover lamb has been sacrificed" (I Corinthians 5:7). as well as the beginning of the Church. or Counselor. whom God put forward as an expiation by his . so that we might be forgiven. thou hast redeemed me. just before He dies." Luke repeatedly pleads Jesus' innocence: with Pilate (Luke 23:4. The Gospel of John gradually reveals the Holy Spirit. "But the Advocate. 14-15.

The Seven Last Words . Allen. New Jersey. 7 O'Collins. Interpreting Jesus. Geoffrey Chapman. March 4. 1989. Translation by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. 6 St. Thomas Aquinas.The Message from the Cross. And He can return: "I came from the Father and have come into the world. The Way of the Holy Cross. at the Last Supper: "Do you not believe I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak on my own. Third Part . 2 Bishop Fulton J Sheen. 2007. 1983. The Redeemer of Man . Alphonsus Liguori. Mother of Our Savior Publishing.the encyclical Redemptor Hominis. The Hour of Jesus . Alba House. Jesus practiced what He preached: "Greater love has no man than this. London. and Paulist Press. 1979. New York. 3 Pope John Paul II.The Passion of Christ. "The Father and I are one" (10:30). The relationship of Jesus to the Father is revealed in the Gospel of John. New York. Boston. Summa Theologica. for He remarked. I am leaving the world and going to the Father" (16:28).The Passion and the Resurrection of Jesus. Christian Classics. The Father who dwells in me is doing his works" (14:10). 5 St. 2005. Indiana. Garden City. 1952. Texas. Mahwah. San Francisco. to be received by faith" (Romans 3:24-25). Pekin. 4 Ignace De La Potterie. Gerald.blood. again. 1920. Garden City Books. Ignatius Press. and again. Pauline Books and Media. . that a man lay down his life for his friends" (John 15:13). Staten Island. Home Mary The Bible REFERENCES 1 The Revised Standard Version of The Holy Bible.

He was fully obedient to God in His life and now He completed that obedience even in His death. „It is finished. Obedience. He had many enemies and few friends and even these deserted Him when they perceived the danger they are placing themselves in by being associated with Jesus. God's Promises. Despite this.” His perfect obedience was also finished. He was delivered into the hands of those who hated Him. in both the law and the prophets. Everything spoken before is summed up in Jesus Christ. He remained composed in mind in spite of the fact the multitudes mocked Him and despite the fact that His hands and feet were nailed to a cross. were finished in Him. He was clothed so that they could mock Him and then they stripped Him in shame. He was despised and rejected by many. God. He knew the agonies of grief. It was never enough to make atonement for the sins of the people. After enduring all this and more. Life. “It is finished. “It is finished.” It is wonderful that a mass of promises and prophecies and types were all accomplished in one Person! There is and never was another person in the history of mankind that could meet all the requirements and fulfil all the prophecies. He was prepared to lay aside His life for the . power and a sharp mind. our High Priest has made a perfect sacrifice for sin. Pain and suffering may render people delirious and they may drift in and out of consciousness because of their agony. But now. but these words of Jesus confirms that He was in complete touch with reality. Even in His last words He reflected wisdom. Love. Prior to Jesus’ sacrifice the high priest had to make a sacrifice for sin. Jesus fulfilled all the sacrifices of the law and His substitution death explains them all to us.“When He said. He finished it all. He was brought before religious and secular courts. When Jesus said. once for all. God previously spoke through His prophets. He lived a perfect and selfless life.” All the prophecies and promises were now accomplished in Jesus. The Character of Jesus Christ Suggested Reading: John 19:30 “It is finished” As Jesus said these words. year after year. but now we see everything completed in Jesus Christ. It never stopped. There may be those who don’t see any value in these words from Jesus’ lips but there is a multitude of treasures locked up in them and we will now look deeper into these: The Son of God became fully human. Although He was declared innocent He was crucified. it becomes abundantly clear that He was fully aware of His surroundings.Jesus’ Sixth Word from the Cross: Victory Posted by Ula on April 21. He personally experienced sorrow and pain. He finally cries out. Salvation.‟ the whole book from the first to the last. except the Man Christ Jesus. regardless of His excruciating pain. 2011 in Bible Theme Studies.

God’s justice was fully satisfied. Sin nailed Christ to the Cross. Crucifixion was the punishment of despised criminals. Christ didn’t die for perfect people. Today He stands with the keys of death at His waist.wordpress. He was obedient even to the point of death on a Cross. He said that He will never drive away anyone who comes to Him.wordpress. He is not looking for our worthiness. “It is finished. God demonstrated His love for us in this that while we were still sinners. Not even hell can make any further accusation against Jesus Christ. in Jesus Christ. Now may we not be ashamed to proclaim the Good News to others that “It is finished.” No matter how long we were punished. Christ died for the ungodly. “Christ’s Words from the Cross. better and eternal Covenant.Baker Book House (Michigan) Related Articles      Jesus’ Fourth Word from the Cross: Anguish (jesuscarriesme. The words “Thou shalt…” was replaced by “I will…” I will give you a new heart.com) Christ’s Victory On The Cross (dtbrents. He demonstrated His love with an action. Their church attendance cannot save them.com) Jesus’ Third Word from the Cross: Love (jesuscarriesme. They are saved by grace alone. “Death where is thy sting!” Jesus finished the Old Covenant and laid it aside and brought in the new. we could never fully satisfy God’s judgment against sin. He is looking for willingness to come to Him.wordpress. in Christ alone.com) About these ads The Sixth Word: Victory Freddy Fritz 417 Freddy Fritz Sermons . That action was the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. “It is finished.” May we tell people that good works cannot save them. “Christ has paid the debt that all the torments of eternity could not have paid…Christ has done what all the flames of the pit could not do in all eternity. That was how low Jesus was prepared to bow in order to reconcile us with our God. “It is finished” also meant that the justice of God was fully satisfied in Him. Why improve on what is finished! Why add to that which is complete?” We don’t have to be this and the other thing before we may come to Christ. Jesus’ sacrifice fully destroyed the power of sin and He fully destroyed the father of lies.wordpress. Christ destroyed sin.” Quotes in italics by Charles Spurgeon. Jesus did for us what we could not do for ourselves.wordpress. The Holy Spirit does not need to delay because of our unworthiness or our helplessness. but Christ took sin with Him to the grave. God didn’t just say He loves us. I will cleanse you from all your iniquities. through faith alone.com) Jesus’ Fifth Word on the Cross: Suffering (jesuscarriesme. I will cause you to obey me. from his book. the Champion of our faith. Now our Lord Jesus. has taken captivity captive.glory of God and for the salvation of godless people. Yet. namely satan.com) Seven Phrases of Christ from the Cross (jesuscarriesme.

" For the past five Good Fridays we have been examining these so-called ―last words‖ of Christ. true character is almost invariably manifest. "The last words of both saints and sinners about to enter eternity. By studying the last words of Christ we do learn a great deal about the true character of our Savior. in his book titled All the Last Words of Saints and Sinners. says.49) Keywords: none (Suggest a Keyword) View on one page Share this Print friendly Add to Favorites Add to Calendar Suggest Keywords Introduction Herbert Lockyer. which is found in John 19:29-30: . then we can expect the lips to express glorious certainty or terror concerning the future. After Jesus was nailed to the cross he spoke seven short phrases before he died. demands our deepest attention and most earnest concern. we come to the sixth word Jesus uttered.Topic: #1450 of 1725 for Sermons on Jesus Christ Scripture: John 19:29-19:30 Sermon Series: The Seven Last Words of Christ Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed Date Added: March 2008 Audience: General Adults (31 . If. when the soul is face to face with eternal realities. on this Maundy Thursday. what they had to say before their stammering tongues lay silent in the grave. Tonight.

He is betrayed by one of his very own disciples. He is declared innocent. ―My God. His own disciples desert him. He is nailed to the wood."29 A jar full of sour wine stood there. so that he cries out. He is arraigned before the spiritual and secular courts. and there is no one who can share in his suffering. so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. He is dragged through the streets of Jerusalem which had killed so many of his prophets who had come before him. He must suffer alone. and now would cover itself with the blood of the prophets‘ Master. Even his Father deserts him. He is arrested while in the act of prayer. People mock and ridicule him. and yet he is delivered up by the judge who ought to have preserved him from his persecutors. my God. He is at last handed over to those who hate him. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine. He is robed in mockery. He has lived an absolutely perfect life of selfsacrifice and obedience. He is determined to drink to the very last dreg of that cup . On and on he goes. He casts his eye around. and there is no one to help him. His enemies have been many. He is beaten beyond recognition." (John 19:30) Lesson The Lord Jesus has become man. a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. and then unrobed in shame. ‘It is finished. He loses blood. He suffocates and can hardly breathe. His friends have been few.‘ and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. why have you forsaken me?‖ (Matthew 27:46). He is hanged up for all to see. he said. He is brought to the cross. He looks everywhere. He dislocates his bones. He has been despised and rejected by men.

Jesus is the one of whom it is said. the tabernacle. knowing that all was now finished. ―It is finished‖? Much can be said. in the law. ―All kings will bow down to him and all nations will serve him‖ (Psalm 72:11. and the shewbread. a little while later. every promise. At last he cries. but he is also the altar. and prophecies were fully accomplished in Jesus. ―It is finished‖ (John 19:30). the turtle-dove that was dipped in blood. Those who are acquainted with Greek know that the word. and yet.which cannot pass from him if he is to fulfill his heavenly Father‘s will. was finished and accomplished in him. and yet a champion like Joshua. What did Jesus mean when he cried out. Jesus is both Aaron and Melchizedek. Jesus is not only the lamb that was slain. and every prophecy was fully accomplished in Jesus. Promises. ―After this. and the priest who slew the bird. from first to last. When Jesus said. where we read. Noah and Jonah. and Prophecies Were Fully Accomplished in Jesus First. Jesus is a prophet like Moses. But did you know that the word actually occurs twice within three verses? The first occurrence of tetelestai is found in John 19:28. I. promises. ―It is finished. ‗I thirst. . said (to fulfill the Scripture). the writings and the prophets. he dies. All Types. the mercy seat. all types. Judah and Joseph. ―He was despised and rejected by men‖ (Isaiah 53:3). Every type. but I want to draw your attention to just two points this evening. ―It is finished‖ is tetelestai. And then. David and Solomon. NIV). Jesus.‘‖ This helps us to see the meaning of Jesus‘ sixth word clearly. and the scapegoat that was not slain.‖ the entire Scripture.

―It is finished. Horrible. But there the Lord Jesus stood his ground. now let us bruise his heel!‖ They fired their hellish missiles into his heart. But by that very death Jesus destroyed Sin: the power of Sin was forever destroyed by Jesus‘ death. But in that deed. Jesus totally destroyed the power of sin. He assaulted Jesus with all of the hosts of hell. the Lion of the Tribe of Judah. which he struck right through Jesus. ―It is finished. Jesus met Sin in his life and also on the cross. he said. He parried every attempt to get him to falter. Jesus Totally Destroyed the Power of Sin. He stood alone. and then cried out. Jesus in the end stood victorious. When Jesus said. Satan. Calling up every demon from every quarter of the universe. all-butomnipotent Sin nailed Jesus to the cross. They spat their false insinuations into his face. They hissed their devilish fears into his ear. promises and prophecies of Scripture were fully accomplished in him. terrible. There they both hung together—Sin and Sin‘s destroyer. Sin destroyed Jesus: he died on that cross. Jesus also nailed Sin to the cross. ―Come! Come quickly! Here is our great enemy who has sworn to bruise our head. He withstood volley after volley from the wicked arsenal.‖ and sent every demon and Satan fleeing to hell. and Death And second. as it were. Next came the second enemy. hounded by all the dogs of hell. Like David against Goliath. Satan. till the point fixed itself in the . They emptied their venomous poison into his veins.‖ he meant that all the types. II. They exploded their evil thoughts into his mind. And Jesus also met Death and destroyed the power of Death on the cross. and yet the one upon whom the Lord poured all the sin of many. Satan. Death killed Christ on the cross.And he is the one in whom there was no sin. as Evangelist Christmas Evans put it. He sent his fiery dart. and death.

Roberts Note: You may download this resource at no cost. Death was disarmed. ―Now! Go! Go and bring all the elect to us in heaven!‖ And the Archangel shall sound the trumpet. Satan and death. Amen. and the dead in Christ shall rise from the grave. ―Death. Jesus then took the keys of Death and said.cross. this is what Jesus meant when he said. I take these keys from you. And he totally destroyed the power of sin. Thank you. . Let us thank God for what Jesus accomplished on the cross on our behalf. For all other uses. You must live for a little while to be the warder of those beds in which my saints shall sleep. as long as you are not publishing it for sale.‖ All types. and when he tried to pull it out again. but give me your keys!‖ And today. And he is waiting for the hour when the Father says to him. he left the sting behind. Dr. All I ask is that you acknowledge the source of this material: http://www. The Seven Last Words of Christ: Reflections for Holy Week The Seven Last Words of Christ Reflections for Holy Week Rev. please contact me at mark@markdroberts.com. Mark D. Jesus sits at the right hand of the Father in heaven with the keys of Death hanging on his belt. ―It is finished. And Death will be forever gone! Conclusion Friends.com/blogs/markdroberts/. for personal use or for use in a Christian ministry. promises and prophecies were fully accomplished in him.patheos. and all the elect will join our Savior in the sky to spend all eternity with him in glory.

we receive his forgiveness even when we do what we know to be wrong. forgive them. but because he is a God of amazing grace.You may also be interested in: The Stations of the Cross: A Devotional Guide for Lent and Holy Week The First Word: “Father. But the forgiveness of God through Christ doesn‘t come only to those who don‘t know what they are doing when they sin. Reflection It makes sense that the first word of Jesus from the cross is a word of forgiveness. . That‘s the point of the cross. with mercies that are new every morning. For permission to use this picture. not because we have some convenient excuse. God chooses to wipe away our sins. for they don’t know what they’re doing. and not because we have tried hard to make up for them. S.” (Luke 23:34) Copyright © 2007. In the mercy of God. please contact Mark. after all. Linda E. Jesus is dying so that we might be forgiven for our sins. so that we might be reconciled to God for eternity. Roberts.

We are united with God the Father as his beloved children. As John writes in his first letter. but because of what you have done for me. Because Christ died on the cross for us. though I believe at one level that you have forgiven me. not because of anything I have done. We are free to approach his throne of grace with our needs and concerns.‖ may we understand that we too are forgiven through Christ. May I live today as a forgiven person. forgive them. ―Father. God ―has removed our sins as far from us as the east is from the west‖ (Ps 103:13).As we read the words. But do I really believe I‘m forgiven? Do I experience the freedom that comes from the assurance that you have cleansed me from my sins? Or do I live as if I‘m ―semi-forgiven‖? Even though I‘ve put my faith in you and confessed my sins. we are cleansed from all wickedness. do I live as sin still has power over me? Do I try to prove myself to you. Lord Jesus. it‘s easy for me to speak of your forgiveness. Help me to know with fresh conviction that I am fully and finally forgiven. . even to ask for it and to thank you for it. this amazing truth needs to penetrate my heart in new ways. ―But if we confess our sins to him. choosing not to sin because the power of sin has been broken by your salvation. All praise be to you. opening my heart to you. for your matchless forgiveness! Amen. from every last sin. What great news! Questions for Reflection Do you really believe God has forgiven your sins? Do you take time on a regular basis to confess your sins so that you might enjoy the freedom of forgiveness? Do you need to experience God‘s forgiveness in a fresh way today? Prayer Gracious Lord Jesus. as if I might be able to earn more forgiveness? Dear Lord. he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all wi ckedness‖ (1 John 1:9).

today you will be with me in paradise. This seems to be the way Jesus uses paradise in this passage. and also with the future when God would restore all things to the perfection of the Garden. Reflection As Jesus hung on the cross. Jesus responded to this criminal. from the Greek word paradeisos. 42). Roberts. For permission to use this picture. In Judaism of the time of Jesus it was associated with heaven. today you will be with me in paradise‖ (v. But the other crucified criminal sensed that Jesus was being treated unjustly.The Second Word: “I assure you. He might have felt sorry for his sins. or even a believer in him in any well-developed sense. ―Jesus. Linda E. ―I assure you. 43). Yet the text of Luke gives us no reason to believe this man had been a follower of Jesus. One of the criminals being crucified with him added his own measure of scorn. Paradise was sometimes thought to be the place where righteous people went after death. Thus we have encountered one of the most astounding and encouraging verses in all of Scripture. Jesus promised that the criminal would be with him in paradise. S. but he did not .” (Luke 23:43) Copyright © 2007. please contact Mark. he cried out. After speaking up for Jesus. he was mocked by the leaders and the soldiers. The word paradise. which meant ―garden.‖ was used in the Greek Old Testament as a word for the Garden of Eden. remember me when you come into your kingdom‖ (v.

when your time comes. embodying the mercy of God. and though we should live our lives each day as disciples of Jesus. Questions for Reflection Have you staked your life on Jesus? Have you put your ultimate trust in him? Do you know that. but now and in the world to come. though my situation is so different from the criminal who cried out to you. in the end. And so I pray: Jesus. you will be with him in paradise? Prayer Dear Lord Jesus. My life. exceeds anything we might imagine. remember me. you hear us. last-gasp effort. Though we should make every effort to have right theology. our relationship with him comes down to simple trust. Today I live. ―You will be with me in paradise. I am nevertheless quite like him. It embraces us. . And Jesus.obviously repent. remember me when you come into your kingdom! Jesus. When we ask you to remember us when you come into your kingdom. heals us. you offer the promise of paradise.‖ We are welcome there not because we have right theology. remember me today as I seek to live within your kingdom! Amen. but because God is merciful and we have put our trust in Jesus. encourages us. Your mercy. says to us. dear Lord. O Lord. how I wonder at your grace and mercy! When we cry out to you. the criminal‘s cry to be remembered seems more like a desperate. ―Jesus. Rather. and not because we are living rightly. is in your hands.‖ we cry. trusting you and you alone.

who is also the one behind the writing of this Gospel. To watch one‘s beloved child experience the extreme torture of crucifixion must have been unimaginably terrible. our horror increases dramatically. Reflection As Jesus was dying. Jesus was also a son. Roberts. one in which the disciple would take care of Mary financially and in other ways. We are reminded that Jesus was a real human being. S. Jesus wanted to make sure she would be in good hands after his death. Even as he was dying on the cross as the Savior of the world. here is your son. Linda E. For permission to use this picture.” (John 19:26) Copyright © 2007. We‘re reminded of the prophecy of Simeon shortly . it‘s clear that Jesus was forging a relationship between this disciple and his mother. a man who had once been a boy who had once been carried in the womb of his mother.The Third Word: “Dear woman. please contact Mark.‖ We can‘t be exactly sure of the identity of this beloved disciple. When we think of the crucifixion of Jesus from the perspective of his mother. his mother was among those who had remained with him. The presence of Mary at the cross adds both humanity and horror to the scene. The death of a child is one of the most painful of all parental experiences. a role he didn‘t neglect in his last moments. though many interpreters believe he is John. Most of the male disciples had fled. with the exception of one whom the Fourth Gospel calls ―the disciple he loved. No matter who the beloved disciple was.

Questions for Reflection What does Mary‘s presence at the cross evoke in you? Why do you think was it necessary for Jesus to suffer physical pain as he died? Prayer Lord Jesus. O Lord. my Savior! Amen. My thoughts seem superficial and vague. I give you my praise. the presence of your mother at the cross engages my heart. fully God and fully human. Nevertheless. all that I am.after Jesus‘ birth. a son of a mother. You are no longer only the Savior dying for the sins of the world. true flesh and blood. . my heart . . I offer my sincere gratitude for your suffering. . . Thank you for bearing my sin on the cross. You are also a fully human man. how can I begin to thank you for what you suffered? My words fall short. He was a real man. All praise be to you. . His suffering was altogether real. This scene helps us not to glorify or spiritualize the crucifixion of Jesus. my love. when he said to Mary: ―And a sword will pierce your very soul‖ (Luke 2:35). and he took it on for you and for me. because you have given me all that you are. Savior of the world . dying with unbearable agony. a son with a mother. Lord Jesus.

why have you abandoned me? Why are you so far away when I groan for help? Every day I call to you. my God. my God. Reflection As Jesus was dying on the cross. my God. but I find no relief. which reads: My God. 1-2) In the words of the psalmist Jesus found a way to express the cry of his heart: Why had God abandoned him? Why did his Father turn his back on Jesus in his moment of greatest agony? . Every night you hear my voice. Malibu.The Fourth Word: “My God. why have you abandoned me?” (Mark 15:34) The Eleventh Station of the The Stations of the Cross at Serra Retreat Center. but you do not answer. (vv. California. he echoed the beginning of Psalm 22.

In that excruciating moment. he didn‘t know why God had abandoned him? Or was his cry not so much a question as an expression of profound agony? Or was it both? What we do know is that Jesus entered into the Hell of separation from God. How can I ever thank you for what you suffered for me? What can I do but to offer myself to you in gratitude and praise? Thank you. that I should boast. to worship.This side of heaven. he experienced something far more horrible than physical pain. The beloved Son of God knew what it was like to be rejected by the Father. But can I really grasp the mystery and the majesty of this truth? Hardly. As we read in 2 Corinthians 5:21. though I will never fully grasp the wonder and horror of your abandonment by the Father. Questions for Reflection Have you taken time to consider that Jesus was abandoned by the Father so that you might not be? What does this ―word‖ from the cross mean to you? Prayer O Lord Jesus. Demands my soul. truly. Save in the death of Christ my God. When I survey the wondrous cross. Thank you for taking my place. Lord. Who can understand it?‖ Yet even my miniscule grasp of this reality calls me to confession. ―God made him who had no sin to be sin for us. Sorrow and love flow mingled down. On which the Prince of glory died. for the salvation of the world. Forbid it. that the Father abandoned the Son for our sake. to humility. I can say. Was he asking this question because. my life. for what you suffered. Thank you for being forsaken by the Father so that I might never be. I can write these words. That were a present far too small. Were the whole realm of nature mine. ―God forsaking God. “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross” by Isaac Watts (1707) . As Martin Luther once said. I sacrifice them to his blood. every time I read this ―word. dear Lord. his feet. so that in him we might become the righteousness of God‖ (NIV). And pour contempt on all my pride. in the mystery of his incarnational suffering. we will never fully know what Jesus was experiencing in this moment. My richest gain I count but loss. from his head. so divine. See. his hands. The Father abandoned him because Jesus took upon himself the penalty for our sins. All the vain things that charm me most. Or thorns compose so rich a crown. my all.‖ I am overwhelmed with gratitude. Love so amazing. Did e’er such love and sorrow meet. to adoration.

both blood and sweat. In response the soldiers gave Jesus ―sour wine‖ (v. (vv. a request for something to drink. it‘s likely that John was thinking of Psalm 69. 20-21) . 29). they give me poison for food. He would have lost a substantial quantity of bodily fluid.‖ not only as a statement of physical reality. Italy Reflection No doubt Jesus experienced extreme thirst while being crucified. a cheap beverage common among lower class people in the time of Jesus. ―I am thirsty‖ was. Thus his statement. they offer me sour wine for my thirst. If only one person would show some pity.” (John 19:28) A painting of the Cruxifixion. Though there is no specific reference in the text of the Gospel. which includes this passage: Their insults have broken my heart.The Fifth Word: “I am thirsty. through what he had endured even prior to crucifixion. on the most obvious level. but also in order to fulfill the Scripture. if only one would turn and comfort me. But instead. and I am in despair. from a church in Taormina. John notes that Jesus said ―I am thirsty.

‖ I keep thinking of my own thirst. not for physical drink. Besides extraordinary pain. I rejoice in the fact that he suffered physical thirst on the cross – and so much more – so that my thirst for the water of life might be quenched. Amen. As I reflect on Jesus‘ statement. My soul yearns for the living water that Jesus supplies (John 4:10. .As he suffered. I am thirsty for him. that which had been captured in the Psalms. I need to be refreshed by your living water. Jesus was suffering for the sin of Israel. I yearn for your Spirit to fill me once again. even as he was taking upon himself the sin of the world. Rather. ―I am thirsty. I need the new wine of your kingdom to flood my soul. All of this was part and parcel of your taking on our humanity so that you might take away our sin. I too am thirsty. I don‘t need sour wine. you also experienced extreme thirst. Dear Lord. 7:38-39). Lord. Jesus embodied the pain of the people of Israel. for you. in your words ―I am thirsty‖ I hear the cry of my own heart. Lord. once again I thank you for what you suffered on the cross. Rather. I am thirsty. Questions for Reflection How do you respond to Jesus‘ statement ―I am thirsty‖? What does this statement suggest to you about Jesus? About yourself? Prayer O Lord. It‘s nothing like that of Jesus.

When Jesus said ―It is finished. Thank goodness it was finished. ―It is finished‖ meant. For most of that movie I wanted to avert my eyes. but my Lord and Savior.‖ surely he was expressing relief that his suffering was over. and knew in my head what Jesus experienced. I had studied the crucifixion before.The Sixth Word: “It is finished!” (John 19:30) Another station from The Stations of the Cross at Serra Retreat Center. But seeing a visual presentation of his suffering was almost more than I could bear. And it was beyond comprehension to think that this actually happened to somebody. California. . I felt palpable relief. Reflection I never saw a more difficult film to watch than Mel Gibson‘s The Passion of the Christ. Eugene Peterson captures the full sense of the verb in The Message: ―It‘s done . He . ―This is finally done!‖ But the Greek verb translated as ―It is finished‖ (tetelestai) means more than just this. in part. Malibu. and not just anybody. When The Passion of the Christ was over. . It was horrible to watch even a cinematic version of a crucifixion. complete.‖ Jesus had accomplished his mission.

He accomplished what we never could.had announced and inaugurated the kingdom of God. faithful in life. Until that day. . He had revealed the love and grace of God.‖ We have hope for this life and for the next. Because of what he finished. We know that nothing can separate us from God‘s love. In fa ct. dear Lord Jesus? You did it. Jesus finished that for which he had been sent. gracious Lord. you and I don‘t need to add to it. for saving me! Alleluia! Amen. and we are the beneficiaries of his unique effort. . You accomplished that which no other person could do. taking my sin so that I might receive your forgiveness and new life. All praise be to you. . And he had embodied that love and grace by dying for the sin of the world. we live in the confidence of Jesus‘ cry of victory: ―It is finished!‖ Questions for Reflection Do you live as if Jesus finished the work of salvation? To you have confidence that God will finish that which he has begun in you? Prayer How can I ever find words to express my gratitude to you. we can‘t. You finished that for which you had been sent. Because Jesus finished his work of salvation. for finishing the work of salvation. by his grace. One day what God has begun in us will also be finished. faithful in death. you and I are n ever ―finished. taking our sin upon himself and giving us his life in return. All praise be to you. dear Jesus. taking the sin of the world upon your sinless shoulders . thus opening up the way for all to live under the reign of God.

(v. ―Whatever happens to me after I die is your responsibility. Reflection Two of the last seven ―words‖ of Jesus were quotations from the Psalms. I entrust my spirit into your hands. we see more than what at first meets our eyes. Save me. I entrust my spirit into your hands!” (Luke 23:46) Copyright © 2007. Jesus was putting his post mortem future in the hands of his Heavenly Father. Roberts. S.‖ On an obvious level. please contact Mark. Earlier Jesus had Psalm 22. It was as if he was saying. Linda E. which comes to us from Luke as ―Father. my God. don’t let me be disgraced. for you do what is right.‖ But when we look carefully at the Psalm Jesus quoted. 1) But then it mixes asking for God‘s deliverance with a confession of God‘s strength and faithfulness: . why have you abandoned me?‖ to express his anguish. For permission to use this picture. Father. Psalm 31 begins with a cry for divine help: O LORD.The Seventh Word: “Father. ―My God. Later he borrowed from Psalm 31. I have come to you for protection.

and both for this reason and for others it claims particular attention. but in hope. and seek to live for your glory alone. The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ James Stalker CHAPTER XX. God would not deliver him from death by crucifixion. . however. that the cross was not the end for you. for he has shown me the wonders of his unfailing love. both now and in the future. It will. He kept me safe when my city was under attack. (v.I entrust my spirit into your hand. available to you. and forward to the resurrection. and nowhere can it be learnt so well as by studying the death of Christ. for you are a faithful God. Jesus not only entrusted his future to his Father. As you entrusted your spirit into the Father‘s hands. This is the Last Word of Jesus. not in despair. when on his deathbed." Whether or not that was a wise saying. "Come near and see how a Christian can die. Rescue me. even as you once entrusted your spirit into the hands of the Father. your life beyond this life. dear Lord. (v. if we have the wit to learn: it contains not only the art of dying but also the art of living. 21) By quoting a portion of Psalm 31. ―I entrust my spirit into your hands‖ points back to the familiar suffering of David in Psalm 31. teach us far more. you did so in anticipation of what was to come. Psalm 31 offers praise of God‘s salvation: Praise the LORD. to a nephew. I submit to your sovereignty over my life. certainly to learn how to die is one of the most indispensable acquirements of mortals. Questions for Reflection Have you put your life and. LORD. But beyond this horrific death lay something marvelous. there is special importance attached to the last of them. No. Here I am. With Good Friday behind us. and you alone to be my Savior. 5) By the end. so I give my life to you. How good it is to know. THE SEVENTH WORD FROM THE CROSS While all the words of dying persons are full of interest. This Last Word especially teaches us how to die. therefore. indeed. A noted Englishman is recorded to have said. Lord. So we reflect upon your death. Amen. but also implied that he would be delivered and exonerated. I trust you. in God‘s hands? How do you experience God‘s salvation through Christ in your life today? Prayer Gracious Lord. Easter Sunday is on the horizon.

when the bread and the wine are circulating in silence. The currents of the mind may be flowing so powerfully earthward that even then they cannot be diverted. If the face of God is to shine on our death-bed.I. He turned to God. Natural as prayer is." then we must begin now to live the life of the righteous and to practise its gracious habits. He had prayed without ceasing—on the mountain-top and in the busy haunts of men. by Himself and in company with others—and it was only the bias of the life asserting itself in death when. as we look upon the dying Christ or on the dying saints. and let my last end be like his. when we are about to enter into the state of sleep. every thoughtful person is inevitably occupied with prayer. for the currents within Him were all flowing Godwards. and a third to the soldiers who were crucifying Him. If. as He breathed His last. But it is not always. But on a death-bed it is more in its place than anywhere else. we say. Then we are perforce parting with all that is earthly—with relatives and friends. How natural to lay hold of what alone we can keep hold of. In moments of mortal peril. It was not by chance that His very last word was a prayer. another to His mother and His favourite disciple. II. and this is what prayer does. we must now acquaint ourselves with Him and be at peace. yet it does occur. with business and property. While prayer is appropriate for all times and seasons. an irresistible impulse presses men to their knees. and sometimes his friends assist him to keep it away. At the close of the day. the most natural of all states of mind is surely prayer. A death-bed without God is an awful sight. "Let me die the death of the righteous. which is an image of death. but prayer was distinctly the language of His dying hours. At the communion table. The last word of the dying Saviour was a quotation from Scripture. . suffering none to be seen and nothing to be said that could call God to mind. there are occasions when it is singularly appropriate. There are even death-beds where the thought of God is a terror which the dying man keeps away. The final word of the dying Saviour was a prayer. then. One was addressed to the penitent thief. it is only so to those who have learned to pray before. for it lays hold of God. It is so natural to pray then that prayer might be supposed to be an invariable element of the last scenes. with the comforts of home and the face of the earth. we should commence to pray at once. we would desire our last words to be words of prayer. as on shipboard when a multitude are suddenly confronted with death. If. It had long been to Jesus the language of life. Not all the words from the cross were prayers.

' and then he added with great earnestness. English of commerce. after a very few years. so is Scripture. indeed. My God. he began to repeat. who had come out from the city to visit him. and. On a tombstone. It is worth noting from which portion of the Old Testament Jesus fetched the word on which He stayed up His soul in this supreme moment. that Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners. and.' he said. This is strikingly illustrated by the following extract. and he came home to Scotland to die. turning on me his large eyes. guaranteed as authentic. But. But in the most sacred moments and transactions of life there is no language like that of the Bible." Sartor Resartus is one of the best of books. he fell into bad health. of whom I am chief. there are few to be so heartily recommended. The other great word uttered on the cross to which I have already alluded was also taken . when I was a student.' he said. but then he lay back comfortably and was able to enjoy the fresh air. 'do you know what they have been doing all day?' I could not guess. he was appointed to a professorship of philosophy in a colonial university. visiting a dying man. And on a deathbed there are no words which so well become the dying lips. and it happened that I was able to offer him a drive. Two other friends were with him that day — college companions. how irrelevant. 'Well. He had been in the university with me. If prayer is natural to the lips of the dying. 'they have been reading to me Sartor Resartus. It was a summer Sunday afternoon when I called to see him. Especially is this the case in everything connected with death. as a rule. but a few years ahead. 'There is nothing else of any use to me now. seem all other quotations. from a private diary:—"I remember. and it is possible that there is Scriptural allusion in others of the Seven Words. His great frame was with difficulty got into the open carriage. 'This is a faithful saying. For different seasons and for different uses there is special suitability in different languages and literatures.' Then. 'But. and worthy of all acceptation.This was not the first time our Lord quoted Scripture on the cross: His great cry. and I was alone beside him. for example. German of philosophy. On the way back they dropped into the rear. Yet there are moments in life—and those immediately before death are among them—when even such a book may be felt to be irrelevant. no book is appropriate except the one which contains the words of eternal life. at the close of a brilliant career in college. true mind. French of conversation and diplomacy.' I had not opened the subject at all: perhaps I was afraid to introduce it to one whom I felt to be so much my superior. when he began to talk with appreciation of their friendship and kindness. Latin is the language of law and scholarship. but how perfect is the fitness of a verse from Scripture. "My God. and oh! I am awfully tired of it. The quotation is from the thirty-first Psalm. but I need not say how overjoyed I was to obtain such a glimpse into the very depths of a great. why hast Thou forsaken Me?" was likewise borrowed from the Old Testament.

He knew it through and through. the first martyr of Christianity. But in His private life likewise He employed it in every exigency. He listened to it in the synagogue. "Father. he imitated this final word. by prefixing it to the citation. and if." This is not in the psalm. by the apt use of it. At the beginning He added. if we wish to stay ourselves upon it in dying. probably He got the use of the synagogue rolls and hung over it in secret." that is. like Jesus. He could put to shame those who were its professional students. Thus on the field of death he repeated Christ's prayer for His enemies—"Lord. it is the most perfect expression which has ever been given to experience. and now. for He had been a diligent student of it all His days. we address the prayer to Christ. and in his martyrdom closely imitated Him. do this with the Old Testament: we may put NewTestament meaning into it. It is worth observing in what manner Jesus made this quotation from the Psalter: He added something at the beginning and He omitted something at the close. "Lord Jesus. He heard it in the home of His childhood. in the supreme need of a dying hour. like Stephen. We may. and to know and love it is one of the best signs of spirituality. have hidden God's Word in their hearts that it is a present help in every time of need. in connection with this very verse we have a still more remarkable illustration of the same treatment. It could not have been. . It was about His spirit that the dying Saviour prayed.[2] The other alteration which Jesus made was the omission of the words." Also. receive my spirit. In the Old Testament the individual had not begun yet to address God by this name. His language was saturated with it. It is a book penned as with the life-blood of its authors. III. and. This is undoubtedly the most precious of all the books of the Old Testament. he addressed to Christ the dying prayer which Christ Himself addressed to the Father. and. He fought with it the enemy in the wilderness and overcame him. it is the record of humanity's profoundest sorrows and sublimest ecstasies. it has been the vade-mecum of all the saints. it stood Him in good stead. The new consciousness of God which Christ introduced into the world is embodied in this word. He gave the verse a new colouring. lay not this sin to their charge. Therefore. how much richer and more pathetic are the words to us than they were even to him who first penned them. But we will not omit them. though God was called the Father of the nation as a whole.from one of the Psalms—the twenty-second. when He became a preacher. "for Thou hast redeemed me. Stephen. was in many respects very like his Master. It is to those who. but he put it in a new form. then. we ought to make it the man of our counsel in living. Indeed. Jesus knew where to go in the Bible for the language that suited Him. and in controversy." It would not have been fitting for Him to employ them.

and the prescriptions of the physician may require close attention. What is the spirit? It is the finest. rob it of its destiny. but is it not also the art of living? The spirit of every son of Adam is threatened by dangers at death. by whom He was beset. sin denies it. sacredest part of our being. therefore. whilst hanging on the cross. highest. With what a passion of tenderness must they have received the spirit of Jesus. it is our flower and our pearl. "I have covered thee.Dying persons are sometimes much taken up with their bodies. and. But His supreme concern was His spirit." and now Jesus. and. but it is threatened with them also in life. No better prayer. As has been said. that which sin seeks to corrupt and our spiritual enemies seek to destroy. however. "I thirst. . There it was safe. It is also. It is that within us which is specially allied to God and eternity. Jesus knew that He was launching out into eternity. could be offered by a living man. Some display a peculiar anxiety even about what is to happen to the body after the life has left it. and fain would they seize the spirit as it parts from the body and. for His fifth word. sought the fulfilment of this prophecy. it is their last chance. No doubt these are specially active in the article of death. escaping from all the enemies. "I know whom I have believed. They are soft and loving too." said God to His servant in an ancient prophecy. Not infrequently the minds of the dying are painfully occupied with their worldly affairs: they have their property to dispose of. and they are distracted with anxieties about their families. This is the art of dying. This last word of the expiring Saviour revealed His view of death. Temptation assails it. giving the minutest instructions as to their own obsequies. but the flower may be crushed and the pearl may be lost long before death arrives. than this of the dying Saviour. "The flesh lusteth against the spirit. He placed it in the hands of God. when we speak of man as composed of body and soul. dragging it down. In modern and ordinary language we call it the soul. morning by morning. Strong and secure are the hands of the Eternal. "in the shadow of My hand. It is to the rest of our nature what the flower is to the plant or what the pearl is to the shell." So does the world. Their pain and trouble may occasion this. Happy is he who can say. but in the language of Scripture it is distinguished even from the soul as the most lofty and exquisite part of the inner man." IV. The example of Jesus shows that it is not wrong to bestow attention on these things even on a deathbed." had reference to His own bodily necessities. visible and invisible. to the interests of which He devoted His final prayer. plucking His spirit away from these hostile hands which were eager to seize it. He made provision for His mother's future comfort. in reference to his spirit. and I am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have committed to Him against that day.

Paul. and His dying word proves that He believed for Himself what He taught to others. in which its personality is lost. scrawled over with pictures of devils. and there can be no reunion. have taught that. where he says that he knows that God will keep that which he has committed to Him —using the same word as Jesus—"against that day. who were wreaking on it their wicked will. Still. something high and sacred within us that rebels against these doctrines. has He by His teaching brought life and immortality to light: He is Himself the guarantee of the doctrine. of Luther. as the drop is in the sea. to which. there was stuck on his head a paper cap. "ye shall live also. while holding fast the distinction between mind and matter. another was in the hands of men. of Jerome of Prague." It may be that in a very literal sense we have in the study of this sentence been learning the art of dying: these may be our own dying words. into Thy hands I commend my spirit. Not only. He would come and recover it. not even death. and that. Such is the force of the word. in the dissolution of the bodily materials. "If a man die. can separate us from His love. "Because I live. shall he live again?" does he all die? and does he die forever? There is a terrible doubt in the human heart that it may be so. however. and of many others. into Thy hands I commend my spirit. He was making a deposit in a safe place. and the best teachers of the race have encouraged us to hope for something better. man dissolves and mixes with the material universe. to whom the wretched priests by whom he was surrounded consigned his soul. the mind returns to the ocean of being. but again and again he cried. and there have never been wanting teachers who have turned this doubt into a dogma. however. They have been the dying words of many. He spoke on this subject without hesitation or obscurity. There is. "Father.The word used by Jesus in commending His spirit to God implies that He was giving it away in the hope of finding it again." [3] Which day? Obviously some point in the future when he could appear and claim from God that which he had entrusted to Him. therefore. of Melanchthon. when they would again find each other." Death is a disruption of the parts of which human nature is composed. When John Huss was being led to execution. But Jesus was looking forward to a reunion of the separated parts. nothing." He has said. for He is our immortal life. their assurances have been hesitating and their own faith obscure. It is to Christ we have to go: He has the words of eternal life. as the body returns to the dust. and it was on its way to the house appointed for all living. Who could wish his spirit to be carried away to . Such a date was also in Christ's eye when He said. They hold that mind is only a form or a function of matter. Others. Because we are united to Him we know we can never perish." These were also the last words of Polycarp. "Father. or which the living can ask in the prospect of death. One part—the spirit—was going away to God. as is easily seen in the quotation just made from St. and the integrity of the personal life be restored. The most momentous question which the dying can ask. is. after the crisis of death was over.

But. into Thy hands I commend My spirit. "Father." The first business of the interpreter of Scripture is to find out precisely what every verse or paragraph meant at the time and place where it was written. ten paratheken mou." [1] "Father. into Thy hands I commend my spirit. whilst the interpreter's task begins.5 Topic: #145 of 1725 for Sermons on Easter: Maundy Thursday Scripture: Luke 23:44-23:46 Sermon Series: The Seven Last Words of Christ Denomination: Presbyterian/Reformed . 2 Timothy 1:12.5 . and St. and there is endless profit in the exact determination of this original application. Close not the book without breathing. The Bible is a book for every generation. [3] The Seventh Word: Contentment Freddy Fritz 417 Freddy Fritz Sermons 5 . and the deduction of the message which it is intended to convey to the present day is as truly the task of the interpreter. according to the best reading. sometimes arrogating to itself the sole title to be considered scientific. by which the garden of Scripture is transmuted into an herbarium of withered specimens.5 . whether or not we may use this prayer in death. it does not end with this.God in a more glorious vehicle? But. [2] Christ's word is paratithemai. let us diligently make use of it in life. Paul's.5 . There is a species of exegesis.

said. 46Then Jesus. If. calling out with a loud voice. Tonight. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. "The last words of both saints and sinners about to enter eternity. true character is almost invariably manifest. when the soul is face to face with eternal realities." For the past six years we have been examining the so-called ―last words‖ of Christ. into your hands I commit my spirit!‘ And having said this he breathed his last. demands our deepest attention and most earnest concern. into your hands I commit my spirit!‖ . what they had to say before their stammering tongues lay silent in the grave. says. Death. in his book titled All the Last Words of Saints and Sinners.Date Added: April 2009 Audience: General Adults (31 . found in Luke 23:44-46: "44It was now about the sixth hour. Christ. we come to the seventh and final word that Jesus uttered on the cross. 45while the sun‘s light failed." (Luke 23:44-46) Lesson Tonight I would like to briefly examine two aspects of Christ‘s last word: ―Father. and there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. Easter. ‘Father. then we can expect the lips to express glorious certainty or terror concerning the future.49) Keywords: Substitution. (Suggest a Keyword) View on one page Share this Print friendly Add to Favorites Add to Calendar Suggest Keywords Introduction Herbert Lockyer.

You can see that the Bible has been his one Book. for he had said. ―Father. notice that Christ quotes from the Word of God. and he could have given us words of his own. Oh. and you will see that it is almost like reading the . for ―no one ever spoke like this man‖ (John 7:46)! Have you noticed how Jesus continually quoted Scripture? The great majority of his expressions can be traced to the Old Testament. Even where they are not exact quotations. his mind was clear and focused. enormity of intellect. the author of Pilgrim‘s Progress: ―Read anything of his. he did not invent a new sentence. it seemed only natural for him to use a passage from a Psalm of David as his dying words. and he was already beginning to taste the delights of victory. he was perfectly content. with all the clearness of mind. therefore. and fluency of words that might have been possible to him.I. should not you and I do the same? He. if Christ thus lived upon the Word of God. but with the innermost soul of its most secret sense. and memorized it. Even though his body was in tremendous pain. So his sufferings were over. Yet. did not need this Book as much as we do. Jesus could have made an original speech as his dying declaration. that you and I might get into the very heart of the Word of God. But instead he quoted Psalm 31:5a: ―Into your hands I commit my spirit. and he went to it. in some respects. Yet he loved the Scripture. but he went to the Psalms. And. ―It is finished‖ (John 19:30). when dying. Christ Quotes from the Word of God First.‖ He never lacked suitable words for any occasion. and used its expressions continually. The Spirit of God rested upon him without measure. and took from the Holy Spirit this expression. and studied it. as it is to us. brothers and sisters. and get that Word into ourselves! Charles Spurgeon once said of John Bunyan. his words drop into Scriptural shape and form. And. He is clearly familiar with it from the first page to the last. and read it. Christ was an original thinker. into your hands I commit my spirit!‖ How instructive to us is this great truth that the Incarnate Word lived on the Inspired Word! It was food to him. and not with its letter only. In fact.

The Seventh Word: Contentment Freddy Fritz 417 Freddy Fritz Sermons View on one page Share this Print friendly Add to Favorites Add to Calendar Suggest Keywords Bible itself. you are under the influence of another spirit which is not the Spirit of God at all! I trust that the Holy Spirit will endear to you every page of this Divine Record. If the Spirit of God is in you. so that you will feed upon it yourselves. still more. though his writings are charmingly full of poetry. this man is a living Bible!‘ Prick him anywhere. and afterwards speak it out to others. ‗Why. the example of our Lord Jesus. He had studied the Bible. for his very soul is full of the Word of God. And. so that his last words were a quotation from Scripture. yet he cannot give us his Pilgrim‘s Progress without continually making us feel and say. [and I love this phrase] his blood is Bibline. even in death. Jesus showed the ruling passion of his spirit. He cannot speak without quoting a text.‖ I commend his example to you. I think it is well worth your constant remembrance that. if any one of you imagine that the Spirit of God will lead you to dispense with the Bible. he will make you love the Word of God. And. . the very essence of the Bible flows from him. and. He had read it till his very soul was saturated with Scripture.

death was an act. he could have unloosed the nails and come down into the midst of the crowd that stood mocking him. we must die. ―but I lay it down of my own accord‖ (John 10:18). But none of us. John Huss. ―Father. and dying is not an act on our part. When he came to a picture of the crucifixion he looked at it for a long time. Conclusion A small boy was turning the pages of a book of religious art. He did die. into your hands I commit my spirit!‖ When we come to die. You and I die passively. Bernard. It is rather remarkable that none of the Evangelists describe our Lord as dying.II. because it is no longer in our power to retain our life. Jerome of Prague. . These were the final words of Polycarp. none of us can use them fully. Melancthon. Christ commits his spirit to the Father. with strict propriety. and God will accept them. in this sense. But there was no necessity for Jesus to die except the necessity which he had taken upon himself in becoming the Substitute for his people. But. unless the Lord comes first. that he might bring us to God‖ (1 Peter 3:18). We are passive in the process. in the sense in which Jesus uttered these words. can use them. we may say these words. Luther. but they all speak of him as breathing his last or giving up his spirit. Christ Commits His Spirit to the Father And second. So. and he performed that act from the glorious motive of redeeming us from death and hell. Jesus said. In his case. ―No one takes it from me. He died of his own free will. and a sad look came to his face. but he actively committed his spirit to his Father. ―the righteous for the unrighteous. We can commit our spirit to God but remember that. If he had willed to do so. There is here an intentional willingness to commit his spirit into his Father‘s hands. Jesus was committing to the Father the spirit which he might have kept if he had chosen to do so.‖ he said concerning his life. and an almost endless list of saints. Christ stands alone in his death.

comGet God's Plan For You in 2013. as I said earlier. Receive Your Free Written Prophecy! . be reconciled to God. in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself.Finally he said. Instant access! Free Prophecy For YouFreeWrittenProphecy. He did not understand why Jesus died. so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. Amen.com Guide See More About:     crucifixion the cross the passion of christ jesus christ Image: © Vinny Prime Ads Death History of Jesuswww. ―If God had been there. 7 Last Words of Jesus What Were the Seven Final Phrases of Jesus on the Cross and What Did They Mean? By Mary Fairchild.‖ The little boy did not understand that God was there. we are ambassadors for Christ. he wouldn‘t have let them do it.Filled Sermons. who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation. not counting their trespasses against them. that he might bring us to God‖ (1 Peter 3:18). 21For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin. And so I conclude with Paul‘s words to the Corinthians in 2 Corinthians 5:18-21: "18All this is from God. and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation.‖ For this is why Christ died. 20Therefore. of his own free will. We implore you on behalf of Christ. He did not understand what the crucifixion really meant. Jesus died. God making his appeal through us.y-Jesus. ―the righteous for the unrighteous. be reconciled to God. About.com/HistoryDid Jesus Rise From the Dead? Discover the Facts From Scholars Preaching OutlinesPreachIt. 19that is.org/Preaching-OutlineInspire Your Church With Spirit." Have you been reconciled to God? ―We implore you on behalf of Christ.

it was quite apparent the agony Christ felt as he expressed separation from God. the heart of Jesus was focused on others rather than himself. so he gave this task to the Apostle John. "Father." (NIV) One of the criminals who was crucified with Christ. for they do not know what they are doing. w hy have You forsaken Me?” (NKJV) In the darkest hours of his suffering.Ads Miracle Prayer Requestswww. As much as possible. Recorded in the Gospels between the time of his crucifixion and his death. 1) Jesus Speaks to the Father Luke 23:34 Jesus said."(NIV) Jesus. had recognized who Jesus was and expressed faith in him as Savior. he said to his mother. 4) Jesus Cries Out to the Father Matthew 27:46 (also Mark 15:34) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice.com/StepsToPeaceCome to me and I will give you rest My Yoke is easy." (NIV) In the midst of his excruciating suffering. Jesus cried out the opening words of Psalm 22. "Here is your mother. "Dear woman." and to the disciple.ChristianPrayerCenter. These phrases are held dear by followers of Christ because they offer a glimpse into the depth of his suffering to accomplish redemption. forgive them. “Eli. My burden is light Jesus Christ made seven final statements during his last hours on the cross. was still filled with the concerns of a son for the earthly needs of his mother. . here is your son. they reveal his divinity as well as his humanity. None of his brothers were there to care for her. given the approximate sequence of events as portrayed in the Gospels. Jesus Son of Godcbn. Here we see the nature of his love—unconditional and divine. Here we see the Father turning way from the Son as Jesus bore the full weight of our sin. looking down from the cross. these seven last words of Jesus are presented here in chronological order. 3) Jesus Speaks to Mary and John John 19:26-27 When Jesus saw his mother there. Eli. “My God. Here we clearly see Christ's humanity. Here we see grace poured out through faith.comNeed Prayer? Strongest Prayer Chain Online. My God. 2) Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross Luke 23:43 "I tell you the truth. and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby. as Jesus assured the dying man of his forgiveness and eternal salvation. saying. today you will be with me in paradise. And although much has been suggested regarding the meaning of this phrase. lama sabachthani?” that is.

several hours later. "No one takes it from me. we can learn about His true character and His integrity before the Father. he said. or you a dead man walking? Between the beatings. We can see the love that pours out from His wounds.." (NLT) Jesus refused the initial drink of vinegar. 6) It is Finished John 19:30 . He suffered the extreme penalty of death that we may live! Are you living. he breathed his last. into your hands I commit my spirit. The 7 Words of Jesus on the Cross When you examine the words or thoughts of a person under great stress. not only the payment for sin and the redemptionof the world—but the very reason and purpose he came to earth was finished. we see Jesus fulfilling themessianic prophecy found in Psalm 69:21. directed at us! Neither the heat. scrutiny or suffering. From these Seven Words of Jesus we can draw strength and courage for our own walk on this earth as we follow His call to be His disciples. "Father. His final act of obedience was complete. "It is finished!" (NLT) Jesus knew he was suffering the crucifixion for a purpose. When we examine what our Savior exclaimed on the cross. flogging and the pain from the crown of thorns on His head." When he had said this. and to fulfill the Scriptures he said. "I am thirsty.. (NIV) Here Jesus closes with the words of Psalm 31:5. but I lay it down of my own accord. We see his complete trust in the Father. But here. This command I received from my Father. their faith and their hope. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. offering up his life as the perfect sacrifice and placing himself in God's hands. for what was finished here was not only Christ's earthly life. 7) Jesus' Last Words Luke 23:46 Jesus called out with a loud voice. gall and myrrh (Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23) offered to alleviate his suffering. nor the sweat mixed with the blood. nor the agony and emotional distress distracted Him from having you and me on His mind that day. you learn the substance of the person.5) Jesus is Thirsty John 19:28 Jesus knew that everything was now finished. their composition." (NIV) These three words were packed with meaning. Earlier he had said in John 10:18 of his life. speaking to the Father. Jesus entered death in the same way he lived each day of his life. not only his suffering and dying. sees His mother and the disciple He loved the most: . Jesus. The Scriptures had been fulfilled.

not to mention spiritually. an almost unbearable pain.Distance yourself from those you love? 3. cursing Him and hurling insults: 2. shaming their actions and words? 4. dizziness. then you are only thinking of yourself. and nausea. Forgiveness is the center of the Gospel: forgiveness of our sins.Are you able to see past their disapproval of you and into their ignorant state of mind? 3.1. here is your son.Do you allow them to offend you? If you do. “Here is your mother. 2. how do you respond? 1.” And they divided up his clothes by casting lots. Under great stress do you: 1. Instead of allowing bitterness or antagonism to set in. people are wagging their heads at Him.Luke 23:34 Jesus said. Get rid of it! Therein lies the root of all bitterness! Where there is no forgiveness. and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby. this disciple took her into his home.” From that time on. under stressful moments.Seek to blame those you love for not helping you? Remember that stressful times show how close of a relationship you have developed with the Father in Heaven. Jesus thinks of His family first.Are you able to willingly suffer scorn for their sake. or show you their distaste or lack of approval.Think of yourself first? 2. When others insult you or curse you. His dearly loved mother and what would become of her was Jesus first concern. there is restlessness and no peace! Suffering from exposure. even though they scorn Him. “Father. scorning its shame!” (Heb 12:2) Besides.John 19:26 When Jesus saw his mother there. He wanted her to be taken care of emotionally and physically. Jesus promises paradise: . “Dear woman. he said to his mother. difficulty in breathing. for they do not know what they are doing. he knows He is there for them. Those who refresh others. Jesus thinks of them instead of Himself: He thinks about their ignorance and therefore lost state. and He has willingly given Himself to them. the opportunity to be redeemed and restored to a relationship with God! Where there is no forgiveness there is bitterness and regret. 2 Tim 1:16) His face is wincing with the pain from the nails in His wrists and feet. His back is shredded and torn from the flogging. forgive them. they have done nothing to Him. Jesus’ view is set on eternity. you are not able to surrender yourself perhaps you are still holding on to some vestige (trace) of your old self. On top of this. will themselves be refreshed (Prov 25:13. not on what happens in the present moment: “For the joy set before Him He endured the cross.” (27) and to the disciple.Have you forgotten about your forgiveness of sins? If you forgot about your cleansing of your past sin.

What you see in others is a reflection of what is in you. After enduring the reality of His separation from the Father.Matt 27:46 About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice.Luke 23:43 Jesus answered him.which means. you can choose to be a vehicle of blessing.Is your speech full of boasting of what you do and have. your being will radiate this love. at one time.React or act upon (keep your cool)? 2. Jesus wants people to be with Him forever. we can then let God be glorified through them! Don’t pretend that you are strong! God will humble you! . scorned you or shamed you? When you are stressed: 1. Jesus cries out to His Father: 4. Eloi.Take it out on those around you or seek the face of the Father? 3.Try to blow off some steam or get on your knees and pray? At the moment of your greatest pain and agony. If you are empty (full of bitterness and regret) then you will be a black hole of joy and peace. or is your speech full of grace and mercy? Do you ultimately want to be alone.” He was still human… Tempted with all our temptations and vulnerable to all that affects us.3. feeling abandoned and lonely. Jesus said.” Up until the last moment. “I am thirsty. my God. why have you forsaken me?” At this point. and being at the lowest point in His earthly life. or do you want to have those you love around you? Bitterness and regret are reflections of a poor self-image. “My God. Under the greatest distress yet. knowing that all was now completed. when Jesus is bearing the sin of the world. desperate even. today you will be with me in paradise. lama sabachthani?”-. we can testify to the humble humanity of Jesus: 5.Are you words full of hope and encouragement. (Heb 5:7-9) Do you ultimately want the best for those around you. and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. yet submitting to the Father to be perfected… even Jesus! (Heb 5:8-9) God choose us weak vessels to show His strength! When we are weak. especially those who may have. ”Eloi. who alone is able to bear all our burdens! When you can’t take it anymore. or is your selfishness evident by the piercing words you utter because you don’t have time for others? 2. His cry of frustration is directed at the Father. and delight in our weakness. If you are full of the spirit and love. do you: 1. That is His focus and the reason He came into the world! Not even the worst moments on earth He could experience would distract Him from loving you to the fullest extent. “I tell you the truth.John19:28 Later.

Jesus knows He has accomplished the work the Father sent Him to do. we shall be like him. Jesus knew the exact moment of His death. now we are children of God. He looks towards the Father and commits Himself unto death.Luke 23:46 Jesus called out with a loud voice. and God gets the glory! As Jesus’ life wanes before Him. he breathed his last. God’s work of salvation is done and it is available for everyone who wishes to join Him at the great feast in the Kingdom of God. into your hands I commit my spirit. and voluntarily gives Himself up: 7. including the fleshly temptations He faced. He used His life on earth and did not allow Himself to be used or manipulated by anything. Jesus said. In whose hands have you committed yourself? 1.Which path are you walking on? Narrow or wide? Every effort needs to be made to enter the narrow path (Luke 13:24) 1 John 3:2 Dear friends. or are you going to join those whose destiny is eternity through Jesus Christ? Is your life being built on perishable things or on eternal things? 3. “It is finished.” With that.When you are at your lowest: 1. Jesus unashamedly shows us His human side on that cross.Do you resist help or scorn advice because you “feel” patronized? With a simple declaration: “I am thirsty”. But we know that when he appears.Whose destiny have you chosen? Are you your own man.Are you ashamed of you weakness? Do you try to appear strong and independent? 2. This is why in His death He entrusted Himself to the Father. Jesus saw His physical life on earth as a clear mission directed from Heaven. or have you lived your life in such a way that at this very moment. “Father. he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. and what we will be has not yet been made known. Are you living your life. Jesus commits his eternal souls to the Father. even death on a cross. which meant submitting and humbling Himself unto death.John 19:30 When he had received the drink. you would be able to say: “It is finished! I’m going home!” Or are there some “loose ends” in your life you have yet to take care of? . the Truth and the Life (John 14:6) 2.Your own? Someone else’s? Jesus is the Way.” When he had said this. for we shall see him as he is. knowing what awaits Him: 6. and willingly volunteered Himself as the propitiation for our sins. if Jesus were to present Himself here.

in persecutions. 3.Philip 2:3-5 Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit.Heb 4:11 Let us. I delight in weaknesses. {14} in whom we have redemption. following each of the seven instances Jesus spoke from the cross: How can Jesus words from the cross transform me? 1. but also to the interests of others. In the same way. he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death. The following verses are provided for your meditation. he learned obedience from what he suffered {9} and. {8} Although he was a son. will try to enter and will not be able to. all that matters is where will you be in 200 years? Are you living your life in view of where you will be in 200 years? Or do you: 1.1 Co 1:27 But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise. if you are willing. {5} Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus… 2. we want to live in such a way as to leave a legacy of holiness for those whom we leave behind on the earth. 6. he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him… 4. then I am strong. for Christ's sake." 5.Col 1:13-14 For he has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the Son he loves. because of the joy that lays ahead for every individual that allows himself to be washed in His blood. that our work for Jesus may continue on earth as we are in Paradise. a careful plan to bring you into Heaven.John 12:27 “Now my heart is troubled. And 2 Co 12:10 That is why. make every effort to enter that rest. so that no one will fall by following their example of disobedience. We cannot only live for the moment. but in humility consider others better than yourselves. yet not my will. it was for this very reason I came to this hour.” And Heb 5:7-9 During the days of Jesus' life on earth. in insults. once made perfect. I tell you. . 7. They instill vision in their children. When Jesus says “It is finished”.Live for the moment without regard of any promise for you? 2.Only care to satisfy your cravings of the present without regard for your reputation? A good parent lives in such a way as to prepare their children for the future as they live fully each day. {4} Each of you should look not only to your own interests. but in view of the promise of eternity. and he was heard because of his reverent submission. take this cup from me. God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. but yours be done. and what shall I say? 'Father.Lu 13:24 "Make every effort to enter through the narrow door.When all is said and done. the forgiveness of sins.Luke 22:42 "Father. in hardships. because many. save me from this hour'? No. He reveals that all along He was living and accomplishing what His Father willed. For when I am weak. therefore. And Heb 12:15 See to it that no one misses the grace of God and that no bitter root grows up to cause trouble and defile many. in difficulties.

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