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Mahmud, Md. Sakib Al ID # 11-95189-3; Section: F4; Fall 2011-12, MBA
American International University – Bangladesh email@example.com
Abstract. Those people living in rural areas and interested about learning,
research, development – they don’t have any large traditional library which contains large collections of books, resources. Whereas, Digital library contains millions digital format books, resources with small devices, minimum cost and less physical space and distance doesn’t matter. Such, Traditional library to online/ offline digital library will change the experiences; it would be cost effective and environment friendly. With the usages of small Tablet PCs, there has few initiatives taken to educate the worlds with “I-Slate Technology” & “Kindle Reader” – that motivated to use the same technology and for different purpose to resolve the national needs & reach to everywhere. Keywords: Digital Library, Online/ Offline Library, Cheap Devices, Digital Books.
According to, Dr. A.M.R. Chowdhury, deputy executive director of BRAC, Bangladesh’s leading institution for non-formal education: “Education is the backbone of sustainable development. Education stimulates and empowers people to participate in their own development” . In Bangladesh, the literacy rate is, less than 39% and government is more focused for the primary education, whereas millions of students thirsty about their education, when they have done primary education. With the possible sustainable development solution, like digital library can bring more learner in the same place once again. The crucial role not to educate them but to expand the light of education everywhere, even where the electricity not available. The Capital, Dhaka city a place where the literacy level is higher, living standards is much better, education system is much oriented in compare of rural areas. Also, Dhaka has full featured with Educational Institution (Private and Public) and Public Libraries for people, where everyone allowed to access to knowledge. In the entire country, not possible to deploy or establish such large library and those people living in rural or distance area, they are not getting that much facility to enrich their level of knowledge’s from that perspective. There is a large possibility to increase the literacy level of education in our country and most interesting part is, with less effort, less investment and proper initiatives can success the process and possible to get sustainable solution and transform the
Nook. its much cost-effective to establish. this means they are without computers”  students those lives in a rural area and they have now “I-Slate Technology – a solar-powered tablets PC. more than 500 Upazilla. no membership management cost. no maintenance cost. to reach to the Childs with a small device for the education. With the usages of. not capable to pay fees for the education."  – According to Moore’s law.traditional library education to new forms of education process to establish a modern library in the entire country.500 eBooks. It will always allow student. Chinese Pads and so on small tablets prices are convenient – though it wasn’t before. "Several measures of digital technology are improving at exponential rates related to. without proper investment. That will hold all types of digital version books in multi categories and anyone can access to the system from their local zone. Every District. space and money . proper pre-planned initiatives not possible to establish such modern library in the entire country. environment friendly. the power of information and technology. and researchers to get any books and even with the usages of Internet or offline. To consider cost-effectiveness and solar powered ISlate Tablet. “About 100 million Indian children do not have electricity in their schools. developed by Rice University and Singapore Nanyang Tech University” . Upazilla is looking for a such large library for their rural places but with “US$7. environment friendly. very few management cost. minimum electronic books purchasing cost. There were no such solutions to reach to rural or distance places without such cheap and small devices and which hold tons of information. To expand the light of education. It will enhance the efficiency of such digital public library transformation (from traditional library) . And it’s important because. In Ghana. 64 Districts and it requires a lot investment initially and though in compare of large public library establishment. they might get education/ can learn with self interest from their nearest public library. Of course. those are not capable to get an education. learner. India. including the size. faster. we will deploy small & cheap electronic device pads/ tablets.4% of GDP)”  – with such tight budget it would be hard though. in our country.less space for establishment. Without the support of Government. density and speed of components. developing countries like Bangladesh. millions of students leaving their education after the secondary school though they might thirsty about education. Zilla. Nepal takes several initiatives. we understand the prices of electronic stuffs falling down every year and the production cost is decreasing. a feasible way to reach the education in the rural area of India with a small tablet PC. 2 Related Works In our Bangladesh. Last but not least. development of technology is faster and such small devices like the Kindle.7 billion (2. As because. Srilanka. another initiative known as “Kindle e-reader gives Third World schools an educational boost”  to expand the light of educations and to considering few objectives “a) With each Kindle housing as many as 1. cost. Private institution and Foreign supports from (non-for-profit) organizations it would be hard to deploy such an infrastructure.
within very minimal amount of millions of dollars – we can enrich our country with public libraries and transform the public library to digital libraries. Digital transforms the traditional library and as well allows for anyone to retrieve the information from the system. have to collect the books from different sources on request of students. there is lot cloud based companies like Google Books. Thousands of books available within a large space and requires management system. With the usages of cheap kindle devices. with each device holding different books for different students. learners and researchers. Project Guternberg. a digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print. To build large about of traditional library in our country requires billions of dollars. Kindle and Nook or set of devices are used to educate the children’s and teens in third world countries. To manage such a large library requires initially and concurrent investment. b) Long battery life means access to electrical supplies is less of an issue for e-readers compared to some electronics. traditional library requires a large amount of funds from government and it consumes a lot time to find any specific books. Also. Monthly basis and yearly basis. Safari Books Online and so on. more than 500 Upzilla. c) Digital distribution cuts down costs on hard copies. but also it will push the environment to learn more. like a tablet PC. Even. educate the environment more and fill out the requirement – those are living in rural areas. With possible contribution and distribution of small devices. . and makes it easier to gain access to books in local languages” . The digital content possible to store locally and in the cloud. It not only expand our limits. These initiatives taken to reach to rural area. Maintain the quality of books. 3 Approach Towards The Implementation The physical library is a large library with the collection of hard copies of books. can empower the entire generation and lighten the entire nation. where the education light has not reached yet. boost the entire education system in Ghana and other third world countries. subjects and classes. microform.can be saved. organize the books users (membership process) and allows to spend time at the library (though limited time) and accessible only on working days. or other media) and accessible by computers/ small devices/ tablet PCs/ handheld devices. Where as. or accessed remotely via different networks. 64 Districts – possible to establish everywhere at-least one digital library with small tablet PCs or devices. whereas. possible to get large scale of data retrieving solutions from small handheld devices – large collection of digital format books and will allow to sync information from the cloud and also spending less time and limited bandwidth sync only required books from cloud and also. With the different usages of these devices.
size doesn't matter for small devices. users can read the books in real-time too. the Digital Library will store all the books (on request and default pre-collection) and once the devices will go for query or request for books. So that. on request the Digital Library will sync from web server and user can access or retrive the information from digital libaray. it will fetch the books from the offline data server – if available. show from pre-cached files or distribute the pressure into the database and to handle such massive pressure. To build such an online / offline digital library requires technology integration. From your location. Kindle. Sync technology integrated thus the large file will be transferred on request and as well all smaller devices like Kindle should be connected with WiFi. Most of the devices are fast rendering compatibility and the system will run on Android OS and whatever the books user looking for. Touch. Also. it will sync the books from local web server for the next time. A large web server to store the all digital format books and accessible over the internet. Kindle Fire or Kindle Touch and so on.3. There have some key components to build this infrastructure. visualized and implement – the digital libraries will bring a new dimension of traditional libraries and it will work smoothly and seamlessly for the entire country. Into the server requires powerful load balancer (to handle millions of request) and multiple cache technology – thus it can take the millions of users request at the same time. 4 Transform to Digital Library: Visualize the Idea Once the idea will be simplified. access to your local library with your small devices and as well use different devices such as the Nook.1 Technical Analysis: How Infrastructure Works Figure 1 shows how the online/offline digital will work together. . if the books not available in the digital library.
resources from large space. new tools and technologies have to be designed to allow effective automated semantic classification and searching. In Ghana and India they have implemented a similar idea to educate the entire nation. 5 Conclusion Traditional libraries are limited by storage space. Digital libraries. “In Ghana. Both types of libraries require a manual cataloguing input to allow users to locate and retrieve material.Figure 2 shows at first. reached to a rural area with small devices and received positive responses . enhance the resources – as because of digital information requires very little physical space to contain more data. online/offline digital technology and online education in rural area. digital online/offline libraries have the potential to store much more information. another initiative known as Kindle ereader gives Third World schools an educational boost to expand the light of educations”. how the digital library will show the books into the device. the digital format books in device. accessing the books from different devices like Kindle. Fire. Touch. in step 2 it shows. And also its possible to establish such a digital public library to the enter the country and it would be great initiative for the developing country and possible to resolve both demands with one technology such as. the cost of maintaining digital libraries is much lower than that of a traditional library. Nook and other devices and at final stage. possible to adopt with such technology integration that will not only enhance the users' experiences but also to handle the growing volume of electronic publications. As discussed in the related works. Also. They were trying to use the same technology to reach to the rural area for education and cost-effective solutions for Ghana. limited resources.
Hasan. [last visited 08/12/2011] 2 Al-Samarrai.edu. 1996. Tabin for letting me to prepare this research paper and we would also like to express my sincere appreciation to him for his wholehearted support and guidance. "Kindle e-reader gives Third World schools an Educational Boost " Techdigest. Lynch. Gerland. 2010. Progga Paromita.com. Kristy.org.com/en-us/um/people/gray/moore_law. Also. 2010. Samer "Financing Basic Education in Bangladesh" Create-rpc.techdigest. Zachary. Bob "The Origin. 7th October. 26th Sept. 2007.com/2011/10/solar-i-slatelearning-without-electricity [last visited 27/11/2011] 6.com/digits/2010/08/05/nonprofit-tries-one-kindle-per-child-inghana [last visited 27/11/2011] . A. http://ih. 2011.com.wsj. http://www.pdf. http://cleantechnica. 19th May. 21th April. and Implications of MOORE'S LAW" Microsoft. Kalene "Report on Primary Education in Bangladesh: Challenges and Successes” Stanford. Musfica Haider Khan. http://research.stanford.html [last visited 08/12/2011] 4. Sharmin Era & Tusher. “Nonprofit Tries One-Kindle-Per-Child In Ghana” Wsj.com/2010/11/30/indian-schoolkids-testing-solar-powered-computer-tablet/ [last visited 27/11/2011] 5. Solar-Powered Tablet. 2005.pdf [last visited 08/12/2011] 3. “Indian School Kids Testing Solar-Powered Computer Tablet” Cleantechnica. 30thNov. “I-Slate. 5th August. Geoffrey. Could Help Classrooms In India” Earthtechling. Salahin Shirajus and Sayed Abidur Rahman. 2010. http://www. 6 Acknowledgement It was a great pleasure to prepare this paper on the various aspects of Online/ Offline Digital Library for Everyone. Shahan. I would like to thank and convey our gratitude to honorable Faculty.fcgi?IncludeBlogs=2&tag=Third%20World&limit=20 [last visited 29/11/2011] 7.from rural peoples and possible to adopt with such technology integration that will not only enhance the users' experiences but also to handle the growing demands of nations.earthtechling. Hessman. I would like to express my sincere appreciation from Eftakhairul Islam.edu/rosenfield/resources/Primary Education in Bangladesh.tv.tv/cgi-bin/mt/mtsearch. Schaller.microsoft. 12th June. Nature. Fowler. Ardt. http://www.com. References 1.org/pdf_documents/PTA12. Farhana Hira.com. http://blogs.create-rpc.
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