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Three Phase Distillation
© 2000 AEA Technology plc - All Rights Reserved. Chem 11_1.pdf
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2 www. it is very difficult to model this type of column. these columns will not work for three phase systems. • When to use the Dynamic Initial Estimate Generator (IEG). Previous experience with normal two phase systems will help you understand the principals behind the operation of three phase systems. you should have some experience with installing distillation columns in HYSYS. However. n-butyl-acetate system. The liquid product from the condenser is 98% pure water.we will delete . you will learn: • How to use the three phase distillation column in HYSYS.please inform us.if tort to your rights. water. • Why the Sparse Continuation Solver must be used to solve three phase columns. Due to the addition of a second liquid phase in the column. When dealing with three phase systems. Prerequisites Before beginning this module.com The document is for study only.2 Three Phase Distillation Introduction In previous modules.com EMail:firstname.lastname@example.org. we have installed distillation columns design for two phases. The three phase system in this example consists of a 2-butanol. For this reason. Learning Objectives In this module. The feed to the column is saturated liquid at atmospheric pressure. and the liquid product from the reboiler is a mixture of the two other components (2-butanol and n-butyl-acetate). and a different default solver. we must use the Sparse Continuation Solver to solve these systems. it is necessary to use a different type of column that uses a different Input Expert.
com EMail:email@example.com tort to your rights.please inform us. 3 www. The ternary diagram for these three components at 25 oC (77 oF) and 101.com The document is for study only. and 2-butanol. n-butyl-acetate.25 As you can see (using the ternary graph above).Three Phase Distillation 3 Background The three phase stream that will be distilled here will consists of three components: water.3 kPa (14. this stream will lie within the two liquid phase region.we will delete .40 0.35 0. The composition of the feed stream is given in the following table: Component Water n-Butyl-Acetate 2-Butanol Mole Fraction 0.9 psia) looks something like this: This plot was generated using the DISTIL software package produced by AEA Technology Engineering Software.cadfamily.
You have already seen the input expert used by the "normal" two phase distillation column. and you will find that setting up the three phases system is not that much more complicated.we will delete . This more advanced solver is able to handle three phase. The default solver for three phase columns is the "Sparse Continuation" solver.cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail. Different Input Experts The second major difference between two and three phase distillation is the different input experts that each uses. Fortunately. including three phase systems. additional specifications are required to help the column converge. it would be impossible to distil the stream described on the previous page. but it can not handle highly non ideal chemical systems. You already have experience with two phase systems. The input expert used by the three phase column is similar though slightly more complex.4 Three Phase Distillation The Differences Between Two and Three Phase Distillation With a normal two phase distillation setup. the third major difference between the two column types is the additional column specification that are available when using the three phase column operation. Due to the complications that a second liquid phase adds to the column operation.com The document is for study only.please inform us. setting up columns to handle three phase streams is not that much more complicated than setting them up to handle two phase streams. HYSYS is able to model the distillation of streams like this by using a different column setup routine. Despite these apparent differences. This solver is good for most hydrocarbon systems. Different Solvers With two phase distillation the most common solver that is used is the "HYSIM Inside-Out" solver. non ideal chemical systems. You will use this interface when we install the three phase column later in this module.if tort to your rights. that other solvers can not calculate. 4 www. Different Column Specifications Finally.
com The document is for study only.please inform us.cadfamily.Process Overview www.we will delete .if tort to your rights.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.
if tort to your rights.we will delete .please inform us.cadfamily.com EMail:firstname.lastname@example.org Three Phase Distillation Column PDF 6 www.com The document is for study only.
9 psia) 50 kgmole/h (110 lbmole/hr) 0.0 101. press the Unknowns Only button. Begin a new HYSYS case and select the NRTL Activity model as the Property Package. Feed 0. Name Vapour Fraction The mass densities of the phases can be found on the Properties page.3 kPa (14.com EMail:email@example.com will delete .Water Mole Fraction .n-B-Acetate Enter. Enter the Simulation Environment.2-Butanol Mole Fraction .... Pressure Molar Flow Mole Fraction .. The three required components are: • Water • 2-Butanol • n-B-Acetate On the Binary Coefficients tab. we will use the NRTL Activity model with the UNIFAC VLE estimated interaction parameters for the unknown binaries.please inform us.com The document is for study only.Three Phase Distillation 7 Building the Simulation The Basis Environment In this case. You will have to stretch the window in the horizontal direction in order to view all the information. The Simulation Environment Adding the Feed Stream Create a new stream and define it with the following information: In This Cell.cadfamily.40 What is the Mass Density of the Liquid Phase? __________ and the Aqueous Phase? __________ Which phase is the "heavy" phase? ______________ 7 www.25 0.if tort to your rights.35 0.
8 Three Phase Distillation Adding the Distillation Column Add a Three Phase Distillation Column operation to the simulation using one of the available methods. each page will be shown here.we will delete .com EMail:firstname.lastname@example.org tort to your rights.com The document is for study only. not the two phase one. As mentioned before. The Three Phase Distillation Column icon.cadfamily.please inform us. Note: Make sure that you install the Three Phase column operation. The first page of the expert allows you to select the type of column that you want to add to the model. Select the Distillation radio button and press the Next button. the Input Expert for the Three Phase column is slightly different than the one used for an ordinary Two Phase column. The input expert for the three-phase distillation column is different from the input expert that was seen previously. 8 www. For this reason.
if tort to your rights. On the third page. 9 www. select the appropriate radio button in this group box.cadfamily. enter names for the streams around the condenser. therefore. set the number of stages at 6. and set the "Two Liquid Phase Check" on the top five stages. the Reflux Stream will be the Lights only.we will delete .com EMail:email@example.com The document is for study only.Three Phase Distillation 9 On the next page.please inform us. For this column.
On the fifth page.cadfamily.please inform us.0 and the Light Reflux Fraction to 1. set the vapour rate to 0. once both of these values are entered. Also. attach the Feed stream to stage 1.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail. the screens will look familiar to the input expert screens that you have seen previously.0. define the reboiler energy stream and attach a liquid product stream to the reboiler.we will delete . 10 www. The degrees of freedom should read 0.if tort to your rights. From now on.com The document is for study only.10 Three Phase Distillation On the fourth page.
we will delete . 195. and 95 oC (185.com The document is for study only.please inform us.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail. and the reboiler pressure at 105 kPa (15. On the next page. and 205 oF) for the condenser. set the condenser pressure at 101 kPa (14. 11 www. top stage and reboiler temperature estimates. respectively.if tort to your rights.cadfamily. you are asked to supply optional temperature estimates. 90. Enter values of 85.Three Phase Distillation 11 On the next page.5 psia).9 psia).
please inform us. Note that if the formation of azeotropes were a concern in this column. Press the Run button to converge the column. the Azeotropic Initialization button would have been pressed. How many Degrees of Freedom are shown here? __________ Enter a Bot Prod Rate of 33 kgmole/h (75 lbmole/hr). Once the column converges.12 Three Phase Distillation We are now done.cadfamily. decrease the spec back to its original value. 12 www. increase the Bot Rate Spec value to 35 kgmole/h (80 lbmole/hr) and try again. the column should start to solve. move to the Monitor page of the Design tab.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail. Press the Done button to close the input expert.com The document is for study only.we will delete . You are automatically placed on the Column’s property view. If the column does not solve in the first attempt. and HYSYS would have checked for possible azeotropes among the selected components.if tort to your rights. and will reach a converged solution quickly.
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