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: Nur Aliaa binti Osman
: 14 July 2011 : 07:50 a.m. – 08:50 a.m.
: 5 Bistari
No. of pupils
: World of Stories/World of Knowledge
Previous knowledge Skills
: Pupils have known about the National Day parade. : 2.3.6 Take part in teacher guided question. 3.3.3 Read and understand simple paragraphs. 4.4.2 Construct simple and compound sentences based on a given stimulus.
: By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: (i) Give at least 5 out of 6 details of National Day celebration. (ii) Speak clearly and pronounce words accurately by answering at least 2 out 3 questions given by teachers. (iii) Answer at least 4 out of 6 questions base from the passage that pupils have read. (iv) Construct at least 2 out of 3 simple sentences by answering the question given from the text book.
Teacher paste a National Day parade picture on the white board. Teacher asks pupils whether they have watched National Day parade before. 2. Today we are going to continue our lesson about people. Teacher asks few questions about their experience watching the parade. Interpersonal CCTS : Identifying the information known or needed and making associations or connections. TEACHING LEARNING ACTIVITIES See a picture about the National Day. REMARKS AVA: Picture (APPENDIX I) MI: Spatial-visual . Whole class discussion. 4. Instructional Language 1) Good morning class! 2) Now you may sit down 3) Now. 6. Moral values : Patriotism and proud to be a Malaysian because we live in peace and harmony. 5. STEPS Set Induction (5 minutes) CONTENT 1. Teacher introduces today’s lesson to pupils. tell me what picture is this? 4) When is the National Day? 5) Where was the parade held? 6) What can you see during the National Day? 7) Good. Teacher greets pupils first before starting the lesson.Pedagogical principles : Multiple Intelligences – visual spatial. verbal linguistic. Pupils respond to teacher’s questions by selecting the right cards to answer. 3. AVA : Manila cards and pictures.
the pupils have to select the right cards to answer the questions. Individual exercise Skills 4.3 AVA Pictures Visual card MI Visual Spatial . 2) Now.4.6 3. 4) To answer the question. Step 2 (20 minutes) 1) Teacher asks pupils to answer the question from the text book page 82. I want you to answer my questions. 2) Teacher asks few questions to check pupils' comprehensions. 3) What does Chee Kiat feel when he see the parade? 4) When did the crowd clapped and cheered? 5) Where were the King and other ministers during the parade? 6) Write your answer on the white board.3. Step 1 (15 minutes) 1) Teacher asks the pupils to read the passage entitle the National Day parade page 81 from the textbook.2 Whole class discussion Whole class reading Individual speaking Skill 2. 5) Pupils have to paste the selected card on the white board which is related to the question given. 3) Pupils have to put up their hands if they want to answer the question.8) I want you to read the passage from your text book page 81. Instructional Language 1) I want you to read the passage from the text book on page 81.3.
let’s discuss the answer together.2 AVA Exercise book Text book Refer to: Appendix I (Grammar notes) MI Visual linguistic . Step 3 (15 minutes) AVA Text book MI Visual spatial CCTS Making association 1) Teacher asks pupils to read the passage and observe how all the words in bold are used. Instructional language 1) Now I want all of you to read the passage. 5) Teacher asks pupils to take turns to construct sentences using the substitution table.2) Teacher gives 20 minutes for the pupils to copy the question and answer it in their exercise book. Instructional Language 1) I want you to answer the question in page 82. Identify the use Individual work Group work Skill 4.4. 6) Teacher gives one example on the white board. 3) Now. 2) I give you 10 minutes to answer the question. 3) Teacher asks pupils to identify which sentences are using singular verbs and which sentences are using plural verbs. 3) Teacher discusses the answers with the pupils. 2) Turn to page 84 and read the sentences. 2) Teacher asks pupils to read the sentences in page 84. 4) I want you to pass to me your book. 4) Teacher gives notes for them to copy in their grammar exercise book.
2) Teacher explains that subject and verbs should always agree in order to construct sentences.3) 4) 5) 6) of words in bold. I want you to copy this notes in your grammar exercise book. Why the words in bold are used for the phrase. Identify which sentences are using singular verbs and which sentences are using plural verbs. Whole Closure (5 minutes ) 1) Teacher explains to the pupils about the importance of using the subject and verbs correctly. I want you to pair with your friends or individually to construct sentences using the substitution table given. . Instructional Language 1) Did you know that it is important to use the subject and verbs correctly when constructing a phrase? 2) What is the morale that you get from the passage you have read about the National Day parade? class AVA Text book MI Visual Spatial Morale Values We have to respect the people who fight the enemies for freedom our country in order to get the independence. Patriotism when singing patriotic song. 3) Teacher explains the morale values from the passage about the National Day parade. Look at the number 8 (Let’s practice).
APPENDIX I .
. The verb must agree with its subject: 1. Examples:Singular Subject Noun The manager The writer Verb Is Was Does Has Subject Noun The patients Will and his brother Syahirah. A singular subject takes a singular verb. For example: He has several hotels in Cameron Highlands. Shahier and Amri Plural Verb Are Were Do Have . place or thing that have in a sentence. .APPENDIX II Notes: Subject and Verb (Agreement) A sentence must have a subject and a verb. animal or thing that does the action. Examples: Singular Subject Verb Pronoun He She It Syahirah Is Was Does Has Plural Subject Pronoun You We They Verb Are Were Do Have Noun as Subjects .It tells us who or what performs the action in a sentence.It refers to the person. 2. The subject may be a noun or a pronoun. animal. A plural subject takes a plural verb.Noun as subjects is normally the most important person.
Strength: I have prepared some printed pictures for my visual aid that I think it might be more helpful for the student to see it clearly rather than the previous one which is the power point presentation.REFLECTION PRACTICES Teaching and Learning Activities: Topic – People (National Day parade)_____ Date: 15 July 2011_____ Time: 07:50 a. Focused Issue/Challenge: The challenge that I have to encounter during class lesson is the trial of avoiding using difficult words which is unable the pupils to understand my instructions. Analyzing the Issue 1. I am trying to use pictures that I have printed before as my visual aid to replace the power point presentation that is ineffective on my first day of teaching. B. Other than that. I also have tried to use simple words for the pupils to be able to understand my instructional language. Weakness: This daily lesson plan is not well prepared because I thought I have ample time to finish the National Day topic with the grammar section. I realize that I might could not finish my lesson until the grammar section.m. ._ Class: 5 Bistari_ A. After half of the period. The use of word cards to match with the pictures of the National Day create participation from the student to answer the question.m. I am not using newsprint for my passage reading which I actually another creative way to make the lesson more interesting and effective. Other than that. 2. So I just go on with the National Day topic and I am going to continue the grammar section on the other class. – 08:50 a.
to discuss on the ideas and to contribute in finding the solution towards any question that I give in class. This will give them new experience to practice an interpersonal communication technique and also how to handle problems together. 4. Suggestions and Further action: I have to come out with new activities such as group activities that can make the pupils to change ideas. New awareness related with the out of class experienced/daily life: Patriotism towards my own country and trying to help the pupils to be expose with the real situation of celebrating National Day as there are few of them does not have the real experience of attending and watching the National Day parade. .3.
6. the use of projector does not give effective results because the pupils were unable to see the video that I present. Strength: Before entering the class I have prepared the daily lesson plan and have done twice follow up towards the lesson plan to be checked and verified by my mentor. The reason is because the condition of the class has a direct lighting from the outside and make the video looks unclear for the pupils especially who are sitting .REFLECTION PRACTICES Teaching and Learning Activities: Topic – People_(Occupation)___________ Date: 14 July 2011_____ Time: 07:50 a. I also used the projector to make my presentation look more interesting for the pupils to watch during the introduction set. Weakness: After the end of the lesson. I found that there are many weaknesses that I have to improve. The pupils are unable to understand my words because sometimes I was suddenly mentioned some complicated words that were unfamiliar to them. – 08:50 a. This is in order for me to recall back their previous knowledge that they already know about the National Day. This is why they were suddenly giving a slow respond because they have to think and identify the meaning of the word that I use. Thus would make me feel confidence and prepared enough to enter the class.m. Other than that. Analyzing the Issue 5. Focused Issue/Challenge: The challenge that I have to encounter during class lesson is the difficulties of pupils to understand teacher’s instructional language. This is because teacher usually use some complicated words that is unable for the student to understand as they are unfamiliar with those words._ Class: 5 Bistari_ C. D. There are few mistakes that have been corrected by mentor.m.
Besides that. . New awareness related with out of class experienced/daily life: 8. I realize that it is important to do some interesting activities to attract the pupils’ attention to participate in class and listen to teacher’s instruction. Nevertheless.at the back. This is because. The creative activity should be variety so that the pupils will be more likely to learn as for them the activity is new. I recognize that I also had another problem which is not came out with creative ideas besides the power point presentation of video showing different occupation. I also have to be more careful not to use complicated words but to use simple words that will be easy for the pupils to understand my questions or instructions during the lesson. I also have to do some research from the internet to find different ideas on how to create a creative lesson for the pupils in order to come out with some good activities. 7. Suggestions and Further action: I would suggest my self to be more prepared in planning and preparing my daily lesson plan and asking more suggestions from my mentor for some method or technique that I can use in order to deal with the pupils. children love to discover and try new things.
if someone is not ready to do something but they were forced to do the . Vice versa. making analysation or finding conclusion. when come to continue to the next step of learning such as reading. They will also give a smudge looking face when they could not think of any solution to answer the question. if they want to do In the something but they could not do it. other hand. Learning Principles is when someone are ready to do something or to do some action on behalf for to gain the knowledge for themselves and they gain achievement after they done the actions. The differences can be seen usually at the end of the group or hands on activity period. This problem was identified when some students were unable to answer some questions that I gave. Referring to Thorndike (1913).Journal: Week : Day : Reflection of Issue___ Week 1 (15 July 2011) Friday_____________ Pupils’ Readiness for Learning Nur Aliaa binti Osman KPLI-SR 2011 Problem There were some problems that have been identified which is the readiness of the pupils for learning in the class. the pupils were giving 90 percent of their effort to do the activity. Not ready for pupils mean they are not prepared for receiving something new to be learned in school. then the individual will fell disappointed. Problem Analysis The problem of readiness for learning refers to the individual’s personal situation whether they are ready to learn something with purpose in order to gain some new experience. During the grouping or hands on activity. But after that. This is what have made the teachers’ attempt to teach is rendered ineffective. the pupils were suddenly look scared of being called to answer any question given. This problem is crucial importance and need attention and action in order to solve this problem. means this action is a satisfaction for them.
associating the readiness of learning with the level of the children’s cognitive development. . psychomotor. The teacher must understand and utilize the readiness for learning of his or her pupils in order to plan and to implement a suitable teaching and learning activities that can match and compatible with the pupils’ ability. we should not only totally rely upon the results of these measurements because it is just useful as a general indicator of capacity. their interest and attitude among friends and teachers. this enforcement will not give any effectiveness in their learning process. then the enforcement can bring a bad feeling for and will also disappoint them. Suggestion There are few ways we can take action in order to identify pupils readiness for learning.action. I have taken some action to overcome this problem by: 1. and formal operational level which is after 12 years old. the amount of personal motivation that they have. This is in order to enable them to receive and do the learning activity effectively. their previous knowledge and their basic skills of certain thing that they already learned before. Thus. As an outcome. Although we can measure the level of readiness through their achievement or intelligence tests. Piaget (1966). Some people could not be forced to learn something if that individual is not ready for the learning new things. Therefore. In order to overcome this problem. we also must take consideration from the pupils emotional and socials development. the readiness of learning is actually prioritizing the level of intellectual development. from level of censoring motor 1 month until 2 years old. Using interesting set induction to attract pupils’ attention and to build their interest towards contributing to the learning process and to be ready to go to the next level of learning activities. level of concrete operational 7 years old until 12 years old. emotional and the maturity of a person. level of pre-operational from 2 years old until 6 years old. Other than that. it is important to identify the factors that influence the readiness for learning is the maturity through the level of pupils’ age wh ich is referring to Jean Piaget’s cognitive development.
Conclusion In conclusion. effective learning in influenced by the attitude of the pupils.2. Therefore. Referring to Stanford (1971). . Arousing the pupils’ curiosity by using questioning and answering technique and using the discovery-inquiry methods such as for example giving question about something that they don’t ever knew before. Example of question: What is actually happen before 31st August 1957 before the Independence Day? Period of teaching 11 July until 15 July 2011 (One week) Further Action Even though. but still some of the pupils remain unchanged and they are still not paying attention during teaching and learning process. and not by how many times the pupils reviewing their studies. I have also use some strengthening techniques by foster students to be positive and to target a goal or purpose of study in order to have self-confidence and for continuous learning. 3. This is because they were seems having an attitude problem that still need to get some attention by giving advice and motivation for them to contribute in class activity. Planning a teaching and learning activities based from their ability and their previous knowledge by relating the basic skill that they already have with the new skill that they are going to learn. in order to create a conducive learning environment. pupils are actually need teachers’ attention so that they will not fall from the reality of the needs and the importance to learn for their future. I have taken some actions in order to overcome this problem.
Ragbir (2009). Puchong: Penerbitan Multimedia Sdn. Selangor. . Kaur. Nota Intisari Ilmu Pendidikan: Psikologi Pendidikan . Panduan Ulangkaji Ilmu Pendidikan untuk Kursus Perguruan Lepasan Ijazah (KPLI).References: Mok Soon Sang (2010). Kuala Lumpur: Kumpulan Budiman Sdn. Bhd. Bhd.
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