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Useful Language for FCE CAE CPE Writing

Useful Language for FCE CAE CPE Writing

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12/02/2013

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FORMAL LETTERS

Letters objecting to someone's plans I am writing to express my concern /disappointment / alarm at hearing ... I was extremely alarmed/sorry/distressed to hear about your plans to ... As I think you know, … May I point out that … I feel I really must object to ... I am extremely concerned at the thought that ... It must be very clear that ... If these proposals go ahead, ... will happen. Another threat to ... , if these proposals go ahead, would come from ... I dread to imagine what damage this will cause. May I respectfully suggest that you ... I was wondering if you had considered this alternative? Would it not be possible to ... ? Letters of complaint I am writing to complain about ... I am writing to tell you how disappointed/annoyed I feel about ... I was amazed/distressed/horrified to find that ... As you must realise, ... I am sure you know that ... I am sure you can imagine ... I am sure you will appreciate that ... It goes without saying that ... At the very least, I look forward to receiving ... Unless you ... , I am afraid that I will have to take this matter further. Then/Next/After that, ... I have known X for ... years.

Letters of recommendation I am writing to you on behalf of ... She / He has shown herself/himself to be extremely ... X would seem to fit the requirements of this job perfectly. I have no hesitation in recommending X as a ... Letters to the editor I am writing about the article on ... , which appeared (in last night's paper). I am writing with reference to the article you published (in last month's issue). I have just read your article on ... and I feel I must ... You raised some issues which I feel strongly about. At the start of your article, you appear to claim that ... I am afraid I totally disagree. I am completely in agreement. I am sure readers will agree with me when I say that ...

ARTICLES
Sequencing At first / To start with/In the beginning, ... The next thing that happened was ... The next thing I knew was ... Seconds/Minutes later, Late on/Some time later, It wasn't until much later that ... After some time/After what seemed like years, ... Finally/In the end, ... At last, ...

I found that . I am submitting the following proposal on . X is a little/slightly/somewhat/a great deal (bigger/more elegant than Y. All at once.... During all this time. .. Just when I was least expecting it......... The next thing I knew was .. Looking back In retrospect.... .. which means that .. In a matter of seconds/minutes. I believe that ... Y is . I recommend that we look into the possibility of ... We could ..We would then be able to .Simultaneous events Meanwhile/In the meantime. . . . REPORTS Introductory comments I recently visited (the new Leisure Centre) and have prepared the following report for your It is a fact that . Out of the blue... . We should also .. Taking all these points into consideration. It is a fact that .. When I think back to what happened then. In no time at all. . PROPOSALS As requested... Although ... I believe that . Further to my visit to . X is not quite/nearly as (comfortable/expensive/ convenient) as Y because .. it would ... .... In the middle of all this.... .. .. I have prepared the following report... . Y is .. While all this was going on.. .... .. I suggest we… . I propose that we . ..... While/Whereas/Although X is . I should point out that . ... The following report relates to my recent visit to ... General comments I trust you will give my proposal your full consideration.. Comparing places or facilities One of the main differences between X and Y is that … X is completely/entirely/totally different from Y in that … Unlike X. On the whole. Without any warning...... . Concluding comments All things considered. If we were to . I recommend that we ... Rapid events As quick as a flash.. I would recommend . . X is virtually/exactly the same as Y when it comes to ... In the wink of an eye.. I feel strongly that we should .. Sudden or unexpected events Suddenly/All of a sudden.. consideration.....

Let me explain why. people used to …... essays and articles...... In my opinion. I would argue that for the following reasons.... it seems that …. It is based on a book by . at heart.. it seems that … Recently.... The reasons why I believe that . I think . I am completely opposed to ... (because) ... I feel very strongly that . It is a fact that . we are all realising that .. it appears/seems that . On reflection.. It is set in the countryside/the future.. These days. The hero/heroine/villain is .. it seems to me that . What I liked most/didn't like was .... The characters were very convincing/very well drawn. The film score is enchanting/evocative/scary........ In the past... The plot was gripping... The film has a quality cast. Just consider . Opening phrases These words and expressions are especially useful in letters.. X is. On the whole.. . I think it was . but now . depending on what are asked to write about: • letters • essays • articles • proposals • reports • reviews Expressing and supporting opinions These words and expressions are especially useful in letters.. essays and articles.... In spite of these few criticisms. It is clear that . It seems to me that… This is because . People (sometimes) claim that … but I feel that . I believe/do not believe that . As I see it.. The film captures the spirit of . Personally I feel that ..REVIEWS x has much to recommend it........ It is often said/argued that . I am convinced that . are as follows.. The film was directed by .. a(n) love/spy/adventure story. .. I would have no hesitation in recommending … Useful words and phrases These words and phrases can be used in the following text types. we have all become concerned that … Nowadays.... What I didn't understand was how .. I am of the opinion that . Over the past few months/years. I felt/thought it was … I was impressed by … What struck me most was .. It struck me as being . … The reason is . I am very much in favour of/against . Making statements These words and expressions are especially useful in letters. However. essays and articles....

.... I am sure you will agree that .. On the other hand.. In no way can I agree that .. … Secondly/A second area to consider is … Another point to remember is .. In conclusion.. I would urge you to consider… I am sure you will agree that… Surely you must agree that… I would urge you very strongly to .. A major problem is that . . Explaining/Expanding ideas and giving examples These words and expressions are especially useful in letters... . Finally... . ... . I still feel that .. This is largely due to . .. .. but all too often .. It is important to remember that ... Take. It goes without saying that . for example... Evaluating These words and expressions are especially useful in reports.. . the situation in ... ... I would like to praise the .. Notwithstanding the claim that . Another area for complaint is … My overall impression was that … I am sure that visitors/readers/holidaymakers will thoroughly enjoy .. It could be argued that … However.. proposals and reviews.. we must remember that .. essays and articles.. …In other words. . I would argue that… It may be true that . I was less happy with ... Last but not least... I would like to point out that .... Despite all the arguments. Although it is true that .. While nobody can deny that .. Firstly/In the first place / To begin with...We must take into account the fact that .. The problem could easily be solved if ... I would like to point out that … I agree that …However. …For example/For instance. I think it is true that . .. Evaluating ideas... This means that ... Surely it is completely unacceptable that . Listing arguments These words and expressions are especially useful in letters. others may feel less happy..... I feel that some aspects could be improved. I was extremely impressed by… I was rather disappointed by… While X has much to commend it. . .. .. When you hear the arguments.. essays and articles. While some people will love ..... essays and articles... I totally disagree/agree with the point that… It is questionable whether … I am sure/I doubt whether … It is true that .. Persuading These words and expressions are especially useful in letters and proposals.. Dismissing contrary arguments These words and expressions are especially useful in letters..

. I think that . What she loves most in life is . Character/Personality He tends to be .. I suggest we… We would then be able to .. proposals and reviews.... Hobbies and interests He is crazy about . Describing These words and expressions are especially useful in articles. ... essays.. We should also . He spends all his time ....... In conclusion. To sum up. reports. She can be ...... I believe that we should ....Making recommendations These words and expressions are especially useful in proposals and reports..... She appears/seems to be .. His greatest love is . We could . I propose that we . All in all. Summarising These words and expressions are especially useful in letters. He is inclined to be . we could .articles. I believe that . reviews.... If we were to… . and letters. -ing.. -ing. She loves . -ing...... I recommend that we . the facts suggest that ..

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