EUROTHERM DRIVES

RS485/RS232 Communications Interface
Technical Manual
HA466357U001 Issue 3

Compatible with Version 4.x Software

 Copyright Eurotherm Drives Limited 2002
All rights strictly reserved. No part of this document may be stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means to persons not employed by a Eurotherm Drives company without written permission from Eurotherm Drives Ltd. Although every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy of this document it may be necessary, without notice, to make amendments or correct omissions. Eurotherm Drives cannot accept responsibility for damage, injury, or expenses resulting therefrom.

Safety Information
Please read this information BEFORE installing the equipment.

!

Intended Users
This manual is to be made available to all persons who are required to install, configure or service equipment described herein, or any other associated operation. The information given is intended to highlight safety issues, and to enable the user to obtain maximum benefit from the equipment.

Application Area
The equipment described is intended for industrial motor speed control utilising AC induction or AC synchronous machines.

Personnel
Installation, operation and maintenance of the equipment should be carried out by qualified personnel. A qualified person is someone who is technically competent and familiar with all safety information and established safety practices; with the installation process, operation and maintenance of this equipment; and with all the hazards involved.

REFER TO YOUR MAIN PRODUCT MANUAL FOR SPECIFIC SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT THE DEVICE YOU ARE CONTROLLING

WARRANTY
Eurotherm Drives warrants the goods against defects in design, materials and workmanship for the period of 12 months from the date of delivery on the terms detailed in Eurotherm Drives Standard Conditions of Sale IA058393C. Eurotherm Drives reserves the right to change the content and product specification without notice.

Cont.2

Contents
Contents Page

RS485/RS232 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE

1

A System Overview........................................................................................... 1 Protocols.......................................................................................................................1 • EI Bisynch ASCII/Binary...............................................................................1 • MODBUS RTU............................................................................................2 • Further Reading..........................................................................................2 Product Features ...........................................................................................................2 Product Code................................................................................................................2 Installation ....................................................................................................... 3 RS485/RS232 Communication Module (650V Frames 1, 2 & 3) .....................................3 • LED Indications ..........................................................................................4 RS485 Communications Option (650V Frames C, D, E & F) ...........................................5 Terminators ..................................................................................................................5 System Recommendations .............................................................................................6 • PLC/SCADA Supervisor ..............................................................................6 Initial Set-up for EI Bisynch ASCII .................................................................... 7 Configuring the Drive....................................................................................................7 Configuring the PLC/SCADA Supervisor.......................................................................10 ASCII Communications................................................................................................11 • What Information Can I Transfer?.............................................................11 • How is the Information Transferred? .........................................................11 • Programmer’s Information........................................................................13 • EI Bisynch ASCII Message Protocol ............................................................14 • EI Bisynch ASCII Parameter Mapping ........................................................15 • EI Bisynch ASCII Sequence Diagrams ........................................................18 • Transferring Data - ASCII Example Messages ............................................19 Character Definitions ..................................................................................................24 Control Character Definitions ......................................................................................24 Last Error Code (EE) ....................................................................................................25 Initial Set-up for MODBUS RTU ...................................................................... 26 Configuring the Drive..................................................................................................26 Configuring the PLC/SCADA Supervisor.......................................................................29 MODBUS RTU Communications ..................................................................................29 • How is the Information Transferred? .........................................................29 • RTU Mode of Transmission .......................................................................30 • Cyclic Redundancy Check.........................................................................30 • Function Codes ........................................................................................34 • Typical Transmission Line Activity ..............................................................42 • MODBUS RTU Parameter Mapping...........................................................43 ASCII Table.................................................................................................................45

Cont.3

ASCII

1

RS485/RS232 COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE
A System Overview
The RS485/RS232 Communications Interface provides a serial data port, allowing VSDs (variable speed drives) to be linked to form a network. Using a PLC/SCADA or other intelligent device, this network can be continuously controlled to provide supervision and monitoring for each VSD in the system. Advantages with this type of control system With each unit under local control, the central supervisor performs only periodic setpoint updating, control sequencing and data collection. In the system, the PLC/SCADA supervisor acts as the Master, and the VSD as the Slave. The network of VSDs can be set-up using just one unit’s MMI/Keypad, or connection to ConfigEd Lite (or other suitable PC programming tool). 1. Multi-wire analog transmission from a central programmable controller is replaced by a bussed digital system using serial data transmission over 3 wires (RS232) or differential twisted-pair wires (RS485). 2. Digital transmission is fundamentally less noise-prone than analog methods, and the accuracy of the transmitted data is unaffected by the transmission medium. The use of intelligent devices at either end of the data link allows error checking to be used. This virtually eliminates the effects of electrical noise on data integrity. It is therefore possible to issue setpoints to drives with much higher accuracy using this method. 3. The RS485 communication standard allows multiple drives to be connected to a single link which can be driven from a computer serial port. Additional drives can be readily accommodated through additional ports. The RS232 communication standard allows for a single drive to be connected to the master. Most computers are equipped with RS232 serial ports which can be easily converted to accommodate the RS485 standard. Modules are available from Eurotherm Drives to make this conversion. 4. The chosen standard and protocol are compatible with other Eurotherm Group products. Temperature controls, process controls, data loggers and drives can communicate easily with a common supervisory system.

Protocols
EI Bisynch ASCII/Binary
Note:

The RS485/RS232 Communications Interface supports EI Bisynch ASCII only, not Binary.
These communications protocols come under the heading of Binary Synchronous Communications Data Link Control (BSCDLC). This is all part of an internationally recognised ANSI standard protocol called BISYNCH (Binary Synchronous) and is known by the abbreviation x3.28. They are widely used by manufacturers of computers, computer peripherals, and communications equipment. EI BISYNCH, the specific form of communication used, corresponds with the following full American National Standard definition: • ANSI Standard: x3.28, Revision: 1976 • Establishment and Termination Control Procedures Sub-category 2.5: Two-way Alternate, Non-switched Multi-point with Centralised Operation & Fast Select • Message Transfer Control Procedure Sub-category B1: Message Associated Blocking with Longitudinal Checking & Single Acknowledgement This is known by the abbreviation ANSI - x3.28 - 2.5 - B1.

RS485/RS232 Communications Interface

2 ASCII MODBUS RTU The MODBUS RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) protocol is an efficient binary protocol in which each eight-bit byte in a message contains two four-bit hexadecimal characters. Product Features • Suitable for use with: 650/650V software version 4. and its various settings when despatched from the factory. E & F (where X is the Frame size letter) Product Code when supplied with the Drive Supplied separately Supplied separately 650VX/xxxx/xxx/xxxx/xx/x/RS485/x/x/x Product Code when supplied separately 6513/00 plug-in Communications Module 6513/00 plug-in Communications Module Factory-fitted Communications Option not supplied separately RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . 2 & 3 650V Frames C. Further Reading Manual HP022047C: Eurotherm International BISYNCH Communications Handbook. Product 650 Frames 1. Each message must be transmitted in a continuous stream.x onwards • Connection using 2-wire shielded twisted pair (RS485) • Connection using 3-wire un-shielded cable (RS232) • Configured using Function Block inputs • Software-selectable Baud Rate • Software-selectable Slave Address • Direct tag access for all parameters Product Code The Eurotherm Drives’ product is fully identified using an alphanumeric code which records how the product was assembled. 2 & 3 650V Frames 1. D.

and vice versa. Wiring is very simple . Plug this Communication Module on to the front of the 650V drive. PC/PLC 9-Way or 25-Way D-Type Connector 0V Tx Functional Earth Rx PC/PLC 9-Way / 25-Way D-Type Connector B A To PC/PLC Chassis 650 Drive with Module Scn B A PC/PLC PC/PLC Drive Drive Drive Master Drive Master master to single/multiple slave master to single slave only RS485 Connections RS232 Connections RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . so that information can be shared between the Master and 650V drive(s). Note: RS485 and RS232 terminals cannot be used simultaneously. replacing the keypad. It converts signals from the host 650V drive into RS485 or RS232. 3 RS485/RS232 Communication Module (650V Frames 1.all connections are SELV (Safe Extra Low Voltage). ensure that the drive and all wiring is electrically isolated and cannot be made “live” unintentionally by other personnel. We recommend you ground the module to the system earth using the Functional Earth terminal. 2 & 3) You can create a network of drives by linking a Master (PC/PLC) to one or more 650V drives fitted with this module. Select to use RS485 or RS232 by wiring to the appropriate terminal on the module.ASCII Installation WARNING! Before installing. Wait 5 minutes after disconnecting power before working on any part of the system or removing the covers from the Drive.

HEALTH = Green. Shield To RS485 Standard ¼ Unit Load 1200m (4000ft) 57. B=RxB/TxB. Tx.4 3 ASCII Wiring Specifications RS485 Connections Network Type Connections Signal Levels Receiver Input Impedance Maximum Cable Length Maximum Baud Rate Maximum Number of Units 2-Wire Shielded Twisted-Pair A=RxA/TxA. Rx = Red.6kbaud 2: 1 master and 1 slave only LED Indications The module has three LEDs providing diagnostic information about the 650V host drive's ‘Health’. Ground (0V) To RS232 Standard 3 kΩ minimum 7kΩ maximum 3 metres 57. Tx =Red LED Name HEALTH LED Duty SHORT FLASH EQUAL FLASH ON LONG FLASH OFF Drive State Re-configuration. or corrupted non-volatile memory at power-up Tripped Healthy Braking No drive power. ‘Receive’ and ‘Transmit’ activity. or serious hardware fault Indicates activity on the ‘receive’ line carrying data from the Master Indicates activity on the ‘transmit’ line carrying data to the Master Rx Tx INTERMITTENT INTERMITTENT RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .6kbaud 32 including slaves and masters RS232 Connections 3-Wire Un-Shielded Cable Rx.

all connections are SELV (Safe Extra Low Voltage). so that information can be shared between the Master and 650V drive(s). switched in and out by switch SW1 on the Control Board. B=RxB/TxB. IMPORTANT: Failing to use a terminating resistance may result in unreliable operation. Scn = Screen (shield) To RS485 Standard ¼ Unit Load 1200m (4000ft) 57. Wiring is very simple . and vice versa. Frames 1-3 drives require a 120Ω terminating resistor fitting to terminals 17 and 18 on the Control Board (resistor is ±1%. E & F) 5 You can create a network of drives by linking a Master (PC/PLC) to one or more 650V drives fitted with this additional 3-way terminal. minimum ¼ Watt). It is factory-fitted to the right hand side of the control board. Frames 1-3 B/17 Frames C-F SW1 120 Ω A/18 ON OFF RS485 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .ASCII RS485 Communications Option (650V Frames C. D.6kbaud 32 including slaves and masters Terminators The last drive in a system must have a terminating resistance. 650V Drive 650V Drive with with RS485 option RS485 option Scn Scn B B A A PC/PLC 9-Way / 25-Way D-Type Connector B A To PC/PLC Chassis PC/PLC Drive Drive Drive Master master to single/multiple slave RS485 Connections Wiring Specifications RS485 Connections Network Type Connections Signal Levels Receiver Input Impedance Maximum Cable Length Maximum Baud Rate Maximum Number of Units 2-Wire Shielded Twisted-Pair A=RxA/TxA. Signals from the host 650V drive are converted into RS485. All other drives in the system should not have a terminator. Frames C-F drives are fitted with an integral resistor.

transmit and receive cannot be simultaneous (half duplex). the recommendations will promote greater reliability. There is only one "Master" and one "Slave" in the system.34mm² (22 AWG) Twisted pair cable <110Ω/km Copper braid.e. but there are others. PLC/SCADA Supervisor If possible. RS485 Cable Specification Use cable which has twisted pairs and on e overall screen. i. Data flow is restricted. or braid & foil Note: Belden 9841 cable meets the above specification. If it is unavoidable. In multi-drop systems there is always one device which is a “Master” and which sends messages to or requests data from the “Slaves”. however. RS485 thus supports “multi-drop” operation. The driver in an RS485 system has tri-state capability (i. • An RS485 two-wire system can only be used in a network in which all devices use their tristate capability. The Slave never initiates a communication. RS232 Cable Specification There are no special requirements for RS232 cabling. its output can be disabled) which allows multiple transmitters to be connected to the same bus. but we do recommend a maximum length of 3 metres between Master and Slave. screen twisted pair conductors insulation outer sheath Recommended Cable Specification Characteristic Impedance Cable Capacitance Core Diameter Cable Type Resistance Shielding 100-165Ω at 3-20MHz <30pF/m 0. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . • An RS232 three-wire system always has a “Master” which sends messages to or requests data from the “Slave”. then it is essential to use properly screened cable. avoid using a PLC/SCADA supervisor which take its transmitter to a high impedance state (tri-state) when idling. A Slave never initiates a communication.6 ASCII System Recommendations Note: It is possible to make serial communications operate without adhering to the following recommendations.e. The characteristic impedance should be in the range 100 to 165 Ohms. as shown.

Parameter Descriptions : COMMS CONTROL This block switches between Remote Terminal and Remote Comms operating modes. the parameters to edit are in the SERIAL menu. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .ASCII Initial Set-up for EI Bisynch ASCII Configuring the Drive Note: 7 The RS485/RS232 Communications Interface can only be used on drives using software version 4. ConfigEd Lite is Eurotherm Drives’ Windows-based block programming software. You must configure the drive to your system.0 to 600.0 s Comms Control – – – – – – – – COMMS SEQ [295] COMMS REF [270] COMMS STATUS [272] COMMS COMMAND [273] [300] REMOTE COMMS SEL [307] REMOTE SEQ MODES [308] REMOTE REF MODES [309] COMMS TIMEOUT – – – – – – – – FALSE FALSE 0 0 0 0 9600 NONE 5 AUTOMATIC AUTOMATIC MODBUS FALSE – – – – – – – – – Comms Ports [102] GROUP ID (GID) [103] COMMS ADDRESS [1062] BAUD RATE [1061] PARITY [1260] REPLY DELAY [1060] OP PORT PROTOCOL [1059] P3 PORT PROTOCOL [117] RS485 PROTOCOL [129] SWITCH OP PORT – – – – – – – – To view all parameters available on the MMI. If you are using ConfigEd Lite (or other suitable PC programming tool) the same parameters are contained in the COMMS PORTS and COMMS CONTROL function blocks. SSE01 to SSE09.see below REMOTE SEQ MODES Selects the type of remote sequencing mode: Enumerated Value : Mode 0 : TERMINALS/COMMS 1 : TERMINALS ONLY 2 : COMMS ONLY Range: Enumerated . The drive will trip if this time is exceeded.00 seconds to disable this feature. "r4. Note: FALSE TERMINALS/COMMS TERMINALS/COMMS 0. and in REMOTE mode then control is from the terminals. Range: FALSE / TRUE REMOTE COMMS SEL SET\SERL SE01 Selects the type of remote communications mode: 0 : FALSE.REMOTE mode is enabled in the LOCAL CONTROL function block (REF MODES) or selected by the keypad.1").1 or higher (indicated on power-up. FULL menu detail must be selected in the DETAILED MENUS parameter ( ST99): 1 = FULL. i.see below REMOTE REF MODES Selects the type of remote reference mode: Enumerated Value : Mode 0 : TERMINALS/COMMS 1 : TERMINALS ONLY 2 : COMMS ONLY Range: 0.e. Set the time to 0. and in REMOTE mode then control is from the communications. Range: Enumerated . If you are using the keypad (MMI).0 s COMMS TIMEOUT SET\SERL SE02 Sets the maximum time allowed between refreshing the COMMS COMMAND parameter. The drive must be in Remote operating mode for selection to be made . 1 : TRUE.

Enumerated Value : Parity 0 : NONE 1 : ODD 2 : EVEN Range: 0 to 200 REPLY DELAY F SET\SERL SE06 The time in milliseconds between the drive receiving the complete request from the communications master (PLC/PC) and replying to this request. Enumerated Value : Baud Rate 0 : 1200 1 : 2400 2 : 4800 3 : 7200 4 : 9600 5 : 14400 6 : 19200 7 : 38400 8 : 57600 Range: Enumerated . it will only respond to broadcast messages.see below BAUD RATE F SET\SERL SE04 Selects the Baud Rate for the MODBUS protocol. or to a personal computer. If FALSE (0).8 COMMS REF ASCII Range: FALSE / TRUE COMMS SEQ Diagnostic indicating if operating in Remote Sequencing Comms Mode. Range: FALSE / TRUE Diagnostic indicating if operating in Remote Reference Comms Mode. Range: 0 to 255 COMMS ADDRESS F SET\SERL SE03 The Eurotherm protocol unit identity address (UID) or the Modbus node address. If FALSE (0). Note: if set to 0. Range: Enumerated . The parameters below are used to identify the drive to the controlling software for drive configuration and storage of parameters. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . as this is the “broadcast” address used by the keypad. the drive may be in Local Sequencing mode or Remote Sequencing Terminal mode. Range: 0000 to FFFF COMMS STATUS Diagnostic showing the 16-bit Status word as seen by the communications. Refer to Chapter 4: “Sequencing Logic” in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. Range: 0000 to FFFF COMMS COMMAND Diagnostic showing the 16-bit Command as written by the communications. the drive may be in Local Reference mode or Remote Reference Terminal mode.see below PARITY F SET\SERL SE05 Selects the Parity for the MODBUS protocol. Range: 0 to 7 GROUP ID (GID) The Eurotherm protocol group identity address. Refer to Chapter 4: “Sequencing Logic” in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. Note: The unit will always respond to GID = 0 and UID = 0. Parameter Descriptions: COMMS PORTS This function block configures the programming ports that allow connection to the keypad.

Both ports are on the drive's control board.checks for keypad or EI ASCII 1 : KEYPAD 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: Enumerated . When TRUE. 2 & 3.see below P3 PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE08 Selects the protocol to be used by the RS232 programming port on the drive's control board. Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC 1 : KEYPAD (not applicable) 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: FALSE / TRUE SWITCH OP PORT F SET\SERL SE10 This parameter is not available on the 650V Frame 1. BAUD RATE is 19200 and PARITY is EVEN. When EIBISYNC ASCII is selected.checks for keypad or EI ASCII 1 : KEYPAD 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: Enumerated . Selects the protocol to be used by the RS485 programming port on the drive's control board. the keypad port on the front of the drive is disabled when the communications equipment is connected to the RS232 programming port on the drive's control board. Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC . Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC . the RS485 programming port is disabled when the communications equipment is connected to the RS232 programming port. 2 & 3.see below RS485 PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE09 This parameter is not available on the 650V Frame 1. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .see below OP PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE07 Selects the protocol to be used by the keypad port on the front of the drive.ASCII 9 Range: Enumerated . BAUD RATE is 19200 and PARITY is EVEN. When EIBISYNC ASCII is selected. When FALSE.

Example only RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . ID The ID column provides the parameter mnemonic (of the tag number). It provides the information in the following way: Type The first page of the Parameter Specification Table chapter details parameter types. you can enter the parameter information you require.10 ASCII Configuring the PLC/SCADA Supervisor By referring to the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. The Type column indicates each parameter's type.

where these four types of character are discussed in detail. What Information Can I Transfer? The data transfer sequence in the ASCII mode offers the following facilities: i) Parameter enquiry (known as polling) a. How is the Information Transferred? There are two types of data transfer message: 1. it can be set from 0 to 7. The following events take place in transmitting a successful message: • • • • Establish Connection Enquiry or Set Parameter Response Further Transmission and/or Termination Establish Connection Connection is established with a particular device by sending its two-digit address (i. Continuous Polling of a Parameter c. Over the Comms. page 19. not Binary. Writing information to the Drive In both cases the supervisor must have an established connection with the device. Single Parameter Selection b. Enquiry or Set Parameter The message is either an enquiry (reading information from the Drive). Sequential Polling (fast polling down the parameter list) ii) Setting parameters (known as selection) a.ASCII Example Messages”. A message consists of a sequence of characters which we identify as • Control Characters • Instrument Address • Parameter Mnemonic • Data Note: Refer to “EI Bisynch ASCII Message Protocol” page 14. Reading information from the Drive 2. Continuous Selection of a Parameter c. and the COMMS ADDRESS (SE03) . which will then respond.second digit.first digit. Note: The GROUP ID (GID) parameter is not available on the keypad and so the first digit is always "0" when using only the keypad.e. This comprises the GROUP ID (GID) . INSTRUMENT ADDRESS as above). The role of master and slave exchanges during the transfer. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Sequential Selection (fast selection down the parameter list) Note: For examples of all the above refer to “Transferring Data .ASCII ASCII Communications Note: 11 The RS485/RS232 Communications Interface supports EI Bisynch ASCII only. or a message to set a parameter (writing information to the Drive). Single Parameter Poll b.

(End Of Transmission). RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . This could be due to any of the following reasons: • Group/Unit address identifiers not recognised.. In 2-wire operation. • Hardware failure. writing to or reading from the device. No Reply SEND MESSAGE FAIL OK MESSAGE RECEIVED FAIL PARITY CHECK OK FAIL VERIFY CHECKSUM (BCC) OK VERIFY THAT (C1) (C2) ARE A VALID MNEMONIC AND CAN BE WRITTEN TO OK FAIL VERIFY DATA (D1). • Serial link is disabled on the Keypad. Negative Acknowledgement (NAK) 3. you can repeat the previous message without re-establishing connection. you can use this to re-select the previous parameter or to select the next parameter in the parameter list.12 ASCII Response to a `Set Parameter’ Message The Drive will respond to a Set Parameter message in one of three ways: 1. Refer to “Transferring Data ASCII Example Messages”. The (EOT) character resets all devices on the data link to be responsive to the next four characters. an (EOT) can only be sent when the supervisor has Master status. In both cases. parity) is found in one or more of the characters up to and including (ENQ). Termination (EOT) If you wish to terminate connection with a particular device and establish connection with another. Positive Acknowledgement (ACK) 2.g. In these cases the supervisor should be programmed to "timeout". the (GID)(GID)(UID)(UID) address. i.e. • Communications loop failure perhaps due to noise or wrong Baud Rate being selected. • An error (e. send the 'Establish Connection' sequence preceded by the (EOT) control character. No Reply: Under certain circumstances the supervisor may not receive a reply from the Drive. wait for a response for a short time (160 msec minimum) before trying again. i. page 19 for further explanation.(Dn) IS VALID AND NOT OUT-OF-RANGE OK FAIL UPDATE THE SELECTED PARAMETER WITH THE NEW VALUE CONTAINED IN THE MESSAGE POSITIVE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (ACK) NEGATIVE ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (NAK) Figure 1 Drive Response Sequence to an ASCII Selection Message Further Transmission and/or Termination Further Transmission If the supervisor still has an established connection with the device.e.

0. Block Check Character (BCC) This is a checksum value generated by taking the exclusive OR (XOR) of the ASCII values of all the characters transmitted after and excluding (STX) up to and including (ETX). or 1 -2. It uses a seven bit binary word to represent all the letters. The drive will accept any format but will transmit an interpreted value that always contains a decimal point. punctuation marks and control signals. and control signals (collectively called characters). the shaded characters are included in the (BCC) of the following message: (EOT) (GID) (GID) (UID) (UID) (STX) (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (D4) (D5 (ETX) (BCC) Example 1: EI Bisynch Prime Set For Beginners: You can calculate this easily by converting the ASCII values to Binary and progressively adding the Binary values together.Free Format Numeric) Numerical Data is transferred as a string of characters.e. a binary code which represents letters. obeying the following rules: 0+ 0 1+ 1 0 1+ 0 1 0+ 1 1 0 Referring to Example 1 on page 232. while a 16 bit word is represented by four characters in the range 0000 to FFFF. has become a worldwide standard for information interchange. -2. 1. digits. The length of a string is then determined by the number of characters in the encoded data.ASCII Programmer’s Information 13 ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) The RS485 Option communicates using ASCII. The sixteen `numbers’ used being 0 to 9. Note: Hexadecimal refers to the common practice of counting to the base of 16 in computing rather than the base of 10. For example. A to F.Hexadecimal) Status Information is transmitted by first encoding the data into a hexadecimal format.00. and with no trailing zeros i. The code. 1. Thus an 8 bit byte is represented by two characters in the range 00 to FF. digits.20 or -2. originated by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).2 Handling of Status Information (Format 23 . the calculation of (BCC) becomes: As Characters (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (D4) (D5) (ETX) (BCC) HEX 49 49 3E 32 36 35 30 03 3C ASCII I I > 2 6 5 0 (ETX) < Binary 01001001 01001001 00111110 00110010 00110110 00110101 00110000 00000011 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 (TOTAL) RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . 1.2 is interpreted as is interpreted as 1. The hexadecimal data is preceded by a ‘>‘ sign to differentiate it from numerical data. Handling of Numerical Data (Format 21 .

Chapter 2 for a full listing of Tag Numbers and Mnemonics. The Instrument Address (01 for example) is repeated in the message (i.e. the first digit being the “group” ID number (GID) in the range 0 to 7. 600. Six ASCII codes are supported: Keyboard ^B ^C ^D ^E ^F ^U HEX 02 03 04 05 06 15 ASCII (STX) (ETX) (EOT) (ENQ) (ACK) (NAK) Start of Text End of Text End of Transmission Enquiry Positive Acknowledge Negative Acknowledge Instrument Address The Drive has a two-digit address.5-B1 300. 2400. 4800. 9600 or 19200 Baud 1 start + 7 bit ASCII data + 1 parity + 1 stop bit (10 bits) Even The Protocol defines the string or sequence of characters (called a Message) which must be sent between communicating instruments to produce specific responses. There are therefore 128 different addresses from 00 to 7F.28-2. 0011) for security as it is not included in a Checksum. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . The message usually comprises: • Control Characters • Instrument Address • Parameter Mnemonic • Data Control Characters Control Characters are ASCII codes that define actions rather than information. Examples are: 81 3b : : the TRIPPED parameter from the SEQUENCING LOGIC function block the STATOR RES parameter from the MOTOR DATA function block Note: Refer to the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. 1200. Parameter Mnemonic Each parameter in the Drive’s menu system is identified by a unique Tag Number. the second digit is a “unit” ID number (UID) in the range 0 to F.14 ASCII EI Bisynch ASCII Message Protocol Transmission Standard Protocol Data Rates Character Format Parity : : : : : RS485 ANSI-X3. Information is exchanged across the system by use of a two character Mnemonic that is derived from the Tag Number.

2 & 3 2650 = 650V Frames C. Command/Status The following Command/Status parameters are supported: Mnemonic !1 !2 !3 !4 Description Command State Save Command Save State Range (Hex encoding) see below see below see below see below Access Write Only Read Only Write Only Read Only !1 : Command Write-only: used to modify the state of the drive and to load configuration data from non-volatile memory. E & F >0000 to >FFFF >0000 to >FFFF (>0000 if not fitted) >0000 to >FFFF (Writing any value resets this to >00C0) 15 Access Read Only V0 V1 EE Main Software Version Keypad Software Version Last Error Code Read Only Read Only Read/Write 2.ASCII EI Bisynch ASCII Parameter Mapping 1. D. >1650 or >2650 0650 = 650 Frames 1. (Powering up ) >0001 Corrupted Product Code and Configuration >0002 Corrupted Configuration >0003 Restoring Configuration >0004 Re-Configuring Mode >0005 Normal Operation Mode RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . >0101 Restores Saved Configuration from drive’s non-volatile memory. HEX Value Description >0000 Initialising. 2 & 3 1650 = 650V Frames 1. >0110 Restores Default Configuration (Application 0) >0111 Restores Default Configuration (Application 1) >0112 Restores Default Configuration (Application 2) >0113 Restores Default Configuration (Application 3) >0114 Restores Default Configuration (Application 4) >0115 Restores Default Configuration (Application 5) >4444 Exit Configuration Mode >5555 Enter Configuration Mode !2 : State Read-only: used to determine the major state of the Inverter. Loads and saves default Product Code and default Configuration (Application 1). HEX Value Description >7777 Reset Command. Acknowledges failed restore. EI Bisynch ASCII Prime Set The following prime set parameters are supported: Mnemonic II Description Instrument Identity Range (HEX encoding) >0650.

Acknowledges (clears) any previous save error. Refer to the Notes column which gives access information about each parameter. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Parameter Mapping 650V Algorithm The algorithm to convert between tag number and 2 character mnemonics is: if (TagNo < 1296) { m = INT (TagNo / 36) (INT: the integer part) n = TagNo MOD 36 (MOD: the remainder) if m > 9 then char_1 = ‘a’ + (m .1296) / 126) n = (TagNo . Information is exchanged across the system by use of a two character Mnemonic that is derived from the Tag Number. Reset Command. Saves Configuration to drive’s non-volatile memory. HEX Value >0000 >0001 >0002 Description Idle Saving Failed 3.10) else char_2 = ‘0’ + n } else { m = INT (TagNo .16 HEX Value >0000 >0001 >0100 Description ASCII !3 : Save Command Write-only: used to save the configuration and product code in non-volatile memory. !4 : Save State Read only: used to determine the progress of a non-volatile saving operation.10) else char_1 = ‘0’ + m end_if if n > 9 then char_2 = ‘a’ + (n . Tag Access Each parameter in the drive’s menu system is identified by a unique Tag Number. Saves Product Code to drive’s non-volatile memory.1296) MOD 26 char_1 = 'a' + n char_2 = 'A' + m } end_if The algorithm generates mnemonics containing only the characters ‘0’ to ‘9’ and ‘a’ to ‘z’.see the ID column. Note: Refer to the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual for a full list of tag mnemonics .

XX -XX.XXX X.XXXX XX.X -XXX.XX XX. -XXXX.” in the above formats is not optional. XXXXX. XXXX.ASCII 4.XXXX 17 Comments Will accept >0 and >1 Will accept leading zero suppression. except 0. Leading zeroes suppressed. except >0 Leading zeroes suppressed up to digit before decimal point. to XXXXX.XXX -X. to to to to to XXXXX. ENUM INT Enumerated Value ( 0 to 99) Unsigned Integer TAG Tag number -XXXXX.X XXX. Encoding Type BOOL WORD REAL Description Boolean 16-bit Bitstring Signed Integer Encoding FALSE >00 TRUE >01 >0000 to >FFFF -XXXXX. Leading zeroes suppressed up to digit before decimal point. Note: The “. It must be sent to conform to the EI-BISYNCH standard. Leading zeroes suppressed up to digit before decimal point. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Trailing zeroes suppressed after decimal point.

18 ASCII EI Bisynch ASCII Sequence Diagrams SET PARAMETER Protocol Event Sender Supervisor Status Device Status ESTABLISH CONNECTION SUPERVISOR MASTER SET PARAMETER SUPERVISOR MASTER Message Transfer RESPONSE DEVICE SLAVE TERMINATION SUPERVISOR MASTER SLAVE SLAVE MASTER SLAVE INITIAL ENTRY E O T (ADD) S E T (CMD)(DATA) T (BCC) X X NO REPLY A (VALID) C K E O T RE-ENTRY RE-ENTRY N A K (INVALID) FURTHER SELECTION Figure 2 Selection Sequence for Writing Information to the Drive ENQUIRY Protocol Event Sender Supervisor Status Device Status ESTABLISH CONNECTION SUPERVISOR MASTER ENQUIRY SUPERVISOR MASTER Message Transfer RESPONSE DEVICE SLAVE FURTHER ENQUIRY SUPERVISOR MASTER TERMINATION SUPERVISOR MASTER SLAVE SLAVE MASTER SLAVE SLAVE INITIAL ENTRY E O T (ADD)(CMD) E N Q NO REPLY E O T RE-ENTRY S E T (CMD)(DATA) T (BCC) X X A C K N A K E O T RE-ENTRY (READ NEXT PARAMETER) FROM LIST) (READ SAME PARAMETER) FURTHER ENQUIRY Figure 3 Poll Sequence for Reading Information from the Drive RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .

the examples include ASCII. they will also help to verify your communications if you using the RS485/RS232 Communications Interface for the first time. Note: Refer to “Control Character Definitions”. Refer to ”Block Check Character (BCC)”. in ASCII: (STX) I I > 2 6 5 0 (ETX) < • For programmers. HEX and Control Character information. these examples can be transmitted without the “Establish Connection” information if connection to the correct device is already established. connection to a new device is being made. For instance. size C to F . 5 & 6. in HEX: 02 49 49 3E 32 36 35 30 03 3C • As Characters . and that it is an enquiry. but for those experienced in programming. Many users will not become involved in generating low-level code.e. you can enquire about the drive.ASCII Example Messages 19 The following examples show how data transfer takes place using the network. In Example 1. Example 1: EI Bisynch Prime Set Note: Refer to the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual for a full list of Tag No's/ID's (mnemonics). page 14 for a more detailed explanation. Using this set of mnemonics. II. in our case 2650 (representing a 650V drive.Establish Connection | Ask Question: (EOT) (GID) (GID) (UID) (UID) (C1) (C2) (ENQ) Note: The (GID)(UID) address is always entered twice. you could enquire about the Instrument Identity: ENQUIRY • For software users: Enter the known address of the Drive (say 01). However.ASCII Transferring Data . in HEX: 04 30 30 31 31 49 49 05 • As Characters . page 24 for a more detailed explanation of all control characters.1650 represents a 650V drive. size 1 to 3) • For programmers. • For programmers. Refer to ”Instrument Address”. page 13 for a more detailed 1” and >31 31 explanation. This is shown by Examples 3. the “Establish Connection” information is transmitted. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .Valid Response: (STX) (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (D4) (D5) (ETX) (BCC) Note: The BCC checksum (XOR) of the data after and excluding (STX) up to and including (ETX) is “1 31. i. RESPONSE • For software users: The Instrument Identity will be returned. in ASCII: (EOT) 0 0 1 1 I I (ENQ) • For programmers.

page 14 for a more detailed explanation. (ETX) ` • For programmers.20 ASCII Example 2: Tag Access (Single Parameter Poll) Here we ask a question of a single parameter: what is the value of SETPOINT? (Tag 254. page 13 for a more detailed `” and >2B 2B explanation. Refer to ”Instrument Address”. Refer to ”Block Check Character (BCC)”. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Type REAL .see the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual for this information) ENQUIRY • For software users: Enter the known address of the drive (say 01). 72.Establish Connection | Ask Question: (EOT (GID) GID) (UID) (UID) (C1) (C2) (ENQ) Note: The (GID)(UID) address is always entered twice. say 30. SETPOINT. • For programmers. in ASCII: (STX) 7 2 3 0 .00%) • For programmers. (representing 30.Valid Response: (STX) (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (ETX) (BCC) Note: The BCC checksum (XOR) of the data after and excluding (STX) up to and including (ETX) is “` 2B. in ASCII: (EOT) 0 0 1 1 7 2 (ENQ) • For programmers. RESPONSE • For software users: The SETPOINT value will be returned. ID 72. in HEX: 04 30 30 31 31 37 32 05 • As Characters . in HEX: 02 37 32 33 30 2E 03 2B • As Characters . and that it is an enquiry.

e. in ASCII: (NAK) • For programmers.00%). RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . in HEX: 15 • As Characters . ENQUIRY • For software users: Send (NAK).ASCII Note: Example 3: Tag Access (Continuous Polling of a Parameter) 21 After receiving a valid response (from Example 2). • For programmers. (representing 32. SETPOINT may now be 32. i. you can cause the drive to repeat that response without having to re-establish the connection.Repeat Parameter: (NAK) RESPONSE The response will be as for Example 2. however the returned data will be an updated value. You can use this to continuously monitor a parameter.

If (ACK). PRESET INPUT 1. and (ETX). 30.Establish Connection | Data Transfer: (EOT) (GID) (GID) (UID) (UID) (STX) (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (ETX) (BCC) Note: The (GID)(UID) address is always entered twice. page 13 for a more detailed (” and >78 78 explanation. (NAK) or no reply • For programmers. • For programmers. (NAK) or no reply RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .22 ASCII Example 4: Tag Access (Single Parameter Selection) Here we are writing a value to a single parameter: the value of PRESET INPUT 1 is 30. in HEX: 04 30 30 31 31 02 39 6F 33 30 2E 03 78 • As Characters . Note: Refer to ”Instrument Address”. the parameter value will be updated at the drive. RESPONSE • For software users: The response will be either (ACK). page 14 for a more detailed explanation. in HEX: either 06. Refer to ”Block Check Character (BCC)”.see the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual for this information) For software users: Enter the known address of the drive (say 01).00%. Type REAL . in ASCII: (EOT) 0 0 1 1 (STX) 9 o 3 0 . SET PARAMETER (Tag 348. (NAK) or no reply. 15 or no reply • As Characters: either (ACK). • For programmers. (ETX) ( • For programmers. ID 9o. (STX). in ASCII: either (ACK). Note: The BCC checksum (XOR) of the data after and excluding (STX) up to and including (ETX) is “( 78. 90.

Lets say the new value is 35. in ASCII: either (ACK).Data Transfer: (STX) (C1) (C2) (D1) (D2) (D3) (ETX) (BCC) Note: The BCC Checksum is the result of the new value you are sending to the drive. (NAK) or no reply. You can use this to continuously update a parameter. (NAK) or no reply • For programmers. and (ETX). SET PARAMETER • For software users: Send (STX). page 13 for a more detailed explanation. If (ACK). in HEX: either 06. (representing 35. 15 or no reply • As Characters: either (ACK). 35. 90. (ETX) - • For programmers. in HEX: 02 39 6F 33 35 2E 03 7D • As Characters . • For programmers.00%). RESPONSE • For software users: The response will be either (ACK). • For programmers. in ASCII: (STX) 9 o 3 5 . (NAK) or no reply RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . the parameter value will be updated at the drive. Note: Refer to ”Block Check Character (BCC)”.ASCII 23 Example 5: Tag Access (Continuous Selection of a Parameter) You can repeat a valid selection (from Example 4) without having to re-establish connection to the drive.

.see the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual for this information) SET PARAMETER • For software users: Send (STX). in HEX: 02 30 F5 3E 30 31 03 F9 • As Characters . Block Check Character: a character generated by taking the exclusive OR (XOR) of the ASCII values of all the characters transmitted after and excluding (STX) up to and including (ETX) Control Character Definitions Standard Control Character Definitions (STX) (ETX) (EOT) Start of text End of text End of Transmission: resets all instruments on the link and causes them to examine the next four transmitted characters to see if they correspond with their Group/Unit address identifiers Also sent to terminate communication with a particular device. Type BOOL . determined by the data). Lets say the next parameter you want to update is DIGITAL INPUT 1 INVERT whose new value is to be TRUE. in ASCII: (STX) 0 u > 0 1 (ETX) m • For programmers. Character Definitions Standard Character Definitions (GID) (UID) (C1) (C2) (D1). 1 and (ETX). (Tag 30. DIGITAL INPUT 1 INVERT.Data Transfer: (STX) (C1) (C2) > (D1) (D2) (ETX) (BCC) Note: The BCC Checksum is the result of the new information you are sending to the Drive. • For programmers. RESPONSE The response will be as for Example 5. 0u.24 ASCII Example 6: Tag Access (Sequential Selection) You can also repeat a valid selection (as Example 5) without having to re-establish the connection to the drive to update any other specified parameter. ID 0u. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .(Dn) (BCC) The Group address Identifier (repeated for security) The Unit address identifier (repeated for security) The two characters of the parameter mnemonic (from the Tag number) The value of the requested parameter (string may be any length.

ASCII Control Character Definitions when Reading Information (ENQ) (ACK) (NAK) (EOT) Indicates the end of the message. this fetches data from the next parameter in the parameter list Continuous Polling: when transmitted after a valid response. this fetches data from the previously requested parameter The information received contained an error Control Character Definitions when Writing Information (ACK) (NAK) Positive Acknowledgement: the message was correctly received and the parameter updated Negative Acknowledgement: the message received by the drive contained an error and the parameter was not updated Last Error Code (EE) The EI-BISYNCH Prime Set contains the EE mnemonic. Writing any value to this parameter will set the value to >00C0. Value >00C0 >01C7 >02C2 >04C8 >05C8 >07C8 >08C8 Description No error Invalid Mnemonic Checksum (BCC) error Attempt to read from a write-only parameter Attempt to write to a read-only parameter Invalid Data (Encoding error) Data out of range RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Clearing the last error value may be useful in seeing a repetitive error re-occurring. The following values are returned if an enquiry (reading information from the drive) is performed on this Read/Write parameter. and that it is an enquiry 25 Sequential Polling: when transmitted after a valid response.

Parameter Descriptions : COMMS CONTROL This block switches between Remote Terminal and Remote Comms operating modes. The drive will trip if this time is exceeded. Range: Enumerated . "r4.0 s COMMS TIMEOUT SET\SERL SE02 Sets the maximum time allowed between refreshing the COMMS COMMAND parameter. SSE01 to SSE09.see below REMOTE REF MODES Selects the type of remote reference mode: Enumerated Value : Mode 0 : TERMINALS/COMMS 1 : TERMINALS ONLY 2 : COMMS ONLY Range: 0.00 seconds to disable this feature. i. 30 and 31 for your convenience. Set the time to 0.0 s Comms Control – – – – – – – – COMMS SEQ [295] COMMS REF [270] COMMS STATUS [272] COMMS COMMAND [273] [300] REMOTE COMMS SEL [307] REMOTE SEQ MODES [308] REMOTE REF MODES [309] COMMS TIMEOUT – – – – – – – – FALSE FALSE 0 0 0 0 9600 NONE AUTOMATIC AUTOMATIC MODBUS FALSE – – – – – – – – Comms Ports [102] GROUP ID (GID) [103] COMMS ADDRESS [1062] BAUD RATE [1061] PARITY [1060] OP PORT PROTOCOL [1059] P3 PORT PROTOCOL [117] RS485 PROTOCOL [129] SWITCH OP PORT – – – – – – – – Note: To view all parameters available on the MMI. If you are using the keypad (MMI). and in REMOTE mode then control is from the terminals. Range: FALSE / TRUE REMOTE COMMS SEL SET\SERL SE01 Selects the type of remote communications mode: 0 : FALSE.1 or higher (indicated on power-up. If you are using ConfigEd Lite (or other suitable PC programming tool) the same parameters are contained in the COMMS PORTS and COMMS CONTROL function blocks. The drive must be in Remote operating mode for selection to be made .26 MODBUS Note: Initial Set-up for MODBUS RTU Pages 10.REMOTE mode is enabled in the LOCAL CONTROL function block (REF MODES) or selected by the keypad. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . and in REMOTE mode then control is from the communications. Configuring the Drive Note: The RS485/RS232 Communications Module can only be used on drives using software version 4.e. FALSE TERMINALS/COMMS TERMINALS/COMMS 0.0 to 600. FULL menu detail must be selected in the DETAILED MENUS parameter ( ST99): 1 = FULL.1"). ConfigEd Lite is Eurotherm Drives’ Windows-based block programming software. 1 : TRUE. the parameters to edit are in the SERIAL menu. 11 and 12 are repeated here as pages 29.see below REMOTE SEQ MODES Selects the type of remote sequencing mode: Enumerated Value : Mode 0 : TERMINALS/COMMS 1 : TERMINALS ONLY 2 : COMMS ONLY Range: Enumerated . You must configure the drive to your system.

COMMS REF Range: FALSE / TRUE Diagnostic indicating if operating in Remote Reference Comms Mode. The parameters below are used to identify the drive to the controlling software for drive configuration and storage of parameters. BAUD RATE F SET\SERL SE04 Selects the Baud Rate for the MODBUS protocol. it will only respond to broadcast messages. as this is the “broadcast” address used by the keypad. If FALSE (0). Refer to Chapter 4: “Sequencing Logic”in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. Refer to Chapter 4: “Sequencing Logic” in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. Note: The unit will always respond to GID = 0 and UID = 0. the drive may be in Local Sequencing mode or Remote Sequencing Terminal mode. Note: if set to 0.MODBUS 27 Range: FALSE / TRUE COMMS SEQ Diagnostic indicating if operating in Remote Sequencing Comms Mode. or to a personal computer. Enumerated Value : Baud Rate 0 : 1200 1 : 2400 2 : 4800 3 : 7200 4 : 9600 5 : 14400 6 : 19200 7 : 38400 8 : 57600 PARITY F SET\SERL SE05 Selects the Parity for the MODBUS protocol. Enumerated Value : Parity 0 : NONE 1 : ODD 2 : EVEN Range: Enumerated . the drive may be in Local Reference mode or Remote Reference Terminal mode.see below RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Range: 0000 to FFFF COMMS COMMAND Diagnostic showing the 16-bit Command as written by the communications.see below Range: Enumerated . Range: 0 to 255 COMMS ADDRESS F SET\SERL SE03 The Eurotherm protocol unit identity address or the Modbus node address. Range: 0 to 7 GROUP ID (GID) The Eurotherm protocol group identity address. If FALSE (0). Parameter Descriptions: COMMS PORTS This function block configures the programming ports that allow connection to the keypad. Range: 0000 to FFFF COMMS STATUS Diagnostic showing the 16-bit Status word as seen by the communications.

see below RS485 PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE08 This parameter is not available on the 650V Frame 1. Selects the protocol to be used by the RS485 programming port on the drive's control board.28 MODBUS Range: Enumerated . the RS485 programming port is disabled when the communications equipment is connected to the RS232 programming port. the keypad port on the front of the drive is disabled when the communications equipment is connected to the RS232 programming port on the drive's control board. Both ports are on the drive's control board. Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC . RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC . Enumerated Value : Protocol 0 : AUTOMATIC 1 : KEYPAD (not applicable) 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: FALSE / TRUE SWITCH OP PORT F SET\SERL SE09 This parameter is not available on the 650V Frame 1. 2 & 3.checks for keypad or EI ASCII 1 : KEYPAD 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: Enumerated .see below P3 PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE07 Selects the protocol to be used by the RS232 programming port on the drive's control board.see below OP PORT PROTOCOL F SET\SERL SE06 Selects the protocol to be used by the keypad port on the front of the drive. BAUD RATE is 19200 and PARITY is EVEN. When TRUE. BAUD RATE is 19200 and PARITY is EVEN. When EIBISYNC ASCII is selected. 2 & 3. When FALSE.checks for keypad or EI ASCII 1 : KEYPAD 2 : EIBISYNC ASCII 3 : MODBUS 4 : FIELDBUS (reserved for future use) Range: Enumerated . When EIBISYNC ASCII is selected.

Example only MODBUS RTU Communications A MODBUS RTU communication network can have only one Master. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . It provides the information in the following way: Type The first page of the Parameter Specification Table chapter details parameter types. The Gould MODBUS Protocol defines the address range limits as 1 to 247 (device address 0 is the broadcast message to all slaves simultaneously). TAG The TAG column provides the unique identification tag number. • Sending a communication with the device address “0” is a broadcast communication that sends information to all devices on the network. data and check sum. How is the Information Transferred? A typical transaction consists of a request sent from the Master followed by a response from the Slave. • Each Slave has a unique “device address” • The device address “0” is a special case and is used for messages that are broadcast to all Slaves. • Sending a communication with a unique device address causes only the device with that address to respond. Each device performs the required action but does not transmit a reply. That device will check for errors. you can enter the parameter information you require. and one or more Slave devices. This is restricted to parameter write operations.MODBUS Configuring the PLC/SCADA Supervisor 29 By referring to the Parameter Specification Table in the 650 or 650V Software Product Manual. • The unit supports a subset of MODBUS RTU function codes. The Type column indicates each parameter's type. perform the requested task and then reply with its own address. • The data includes parameters referenced by a “parameter address”. A message consists of a sequence of characters which we identify as: • • • • • Device Address Function Code Data Error Check Data End of Transmission Device Address Each Slave has a unique 8-bit device address.

no parity bit is transmitted) The RTU mode of transmission for a single character is represented as follows: Start d7 d6 d5 d4 d3 d2 d1 d0 Parity Stop Message Frame Format A message frame format consists of a number of correctly sequenced characters. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . This period is the implied EOT of a previous transmission. 1 stop and 8 data bits will require 3.5 times the single character transmission time.5ms frame start.30 MODBUS Parameter Address Data bits or data words exchange information between Master and Slave devices. Device Address The device address is a single byte (8-bits). unique to each device on the network. The receiving device also calculates a CRC code from the received message. as shown below. Parity may be configured to be NONE. Cyclic Redundancy Check This is an error check code and is 2 bytes (16-bits) long. All parameters communicated between Master and Slaves have a 16-bit parameter address. ODD or EVEN (if NONE. EOT The EOT (End Of Transmission) segment is a period of inactivity 3. For example. at 9600 baud a character with a 1 start. Data The Data segment of a message will depend on the function code and the number of bytes will vary accordingly. the data segment will contain a parameter address and the number of parameters to read or write. The MODBUS parameter address range is 0001 to FFFF. stop or parity bits). one or two stop bits All Eurotherm Drives’ units use one stop bit. Units do not reply if they detect a CRC error in messages sent to them. RTU Mode of Transmission The MODBUS RTU definition of the mode of transmission for a single character is: A start bit. Function Code Function codes are a single byte instruction to the Slave describing the action to perform.5 times the single character transmission time. eight data bits. The EOT segment at the end of a message indicates to the listening device that the next transmission will be a new message and therefore a device address character. CRC The CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) is an error code and is 2 bytes (16-bits) long. This data consists of parameters. Typically. If this CRC code is not the same as the transmitted CRC there has been a communication error. a parity bit. the transmitting device calculates a CRC code and appends this to the end of the message. After constructing a message (data only . Frame Start 3 bytes Device Address 1 byte Function Code 1 byte Data n bytes CRC 2 bytes EOT 3 bytes Frame Start The frame start is a period of inactivity at least 3.no start.

7. The contents of the CRC register are the 2 byte CRC error code and are added to the message with the most significant bits first. 31 2. 3.MODBUS The CRC code is formed by the following steps: 1. 6. Shift the CRC register one bit to the right. 4. 5. Load a 16-bit CRC register with FFFFh. Repeat steps 3 & 4 seven times (8 in total). START FFFFh CRC Register CRC Register next byte of the message CRC Register 0 n Shift CRC Register right 1 bit NO Overflow? YES CRC Register A001h CRC Register n+1 n NO n > 7? YES Is message complete? YES END NO RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Exclusive OR ( ) the first 8-bit byte of the message with the high order byte of the CRC register. exclusive OR the CRC register with A001 hex and return the result to the CRC register. 8. If the overflow bit (or flag) is 1. Return the result to the CRC register. The flow chart below illustrates this CRC error check algorithm. Repeat step 3 through 6 until all bytes of the message have been exclusive OR’d with the CRC register and shifted 8 times. Exclusive OR the next 8-bit byte of the message with the high order byte of the CRC register.

32 MODBUS Example of a CRC Calculation This example is a request to read from the Slave unit at address 02. Function Load register with FFFF hex First byte of the message (02) Exclusive OR 1st shift right A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 2nd shift right A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 3rd shift right 4th shift right (carry = 0 ) A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 5th shift right 6th shift right (carry = 0 ) A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 7th shift right 8th shift right (carry = 0) A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) Next byte of the message (07) Exclusive OR (shift = 8) 1st shift right A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 2nd shift right A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 3rd shift right A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 4th shift right 5th shift right (carry = 0) A001 Exclusive OR (carry = 1) 6th shift right 7th shift right (carry = 0) 8th shift right (carry = 0) CRC error check code 1111 1111 0111 1010 1101 0110 1010 1100 0110 0011 1010 1001 0100 0010 1010 1000 0100 0010 1010 1000 1000 0100 1010 1110 0111 1010 1101 0110 1010 1100 0110 0011 1010 1001 0100 0010 0001 12h 16 Bit Register 1111 1111 1111 0000 1111 1111 0000 1111 0111 0011 0000 0011 1001 0100 0000 0100 0010 0001 0000 0001 0001 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 1000 0000 1000 0100 0010 0000 0010 1001 0100 0010 1111 0000 1111 1111 0000 1111 1111 0000 1111 1111 1111 0000 1111 1111 1111 0000 1111 0111 0011 0000 0011 0000 0011 1001 0000 1001 0100 0000 0100 0010 0000 0010 0001 0000 0000 0000 0000 1000 0100 Carry Flag 0 LSB MSB 1111 0010 1101 1110 0001 1111 1111 0001 1110 1111 1111 0001 1110 1111 1111 0001 1110 1111 1111 0001 1110 0111 1001 1100 0001 1101 1110 0001 1111 0111 0001 0110 0011 1001 0001 1000 0100 0010 0001 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 41h The final message transmitted including the CRC code is: Device Address 02h 0000 ↑ First bit 0010 0000 Function Code 07h 0111 0100 CRC MSB 41h 0001 0001 CRC LSB 12h 0010 Last bit ↑ Transmission order RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . the fast read of the status (07).

excluding the CRC.MODBUS Example of a CRC Calculation in the “C” Language 33 This routine assumes that the data types “uint16” and “uint8” exist. CRC % 256. “z_p” is a pointer to a Modbus message. n < 8. } crch = crcl = *z_p++ *z_p = return } CRC / 256. uint16 z_message_length) /* /* /* /* { uint16 CRC = 0xffff. CRC. } } z_p++. CRC >> = 1. CRC ^= next. uint16 n. uint8 crch. for (n = 0. while (z_message_length--) { next = (uint16)*z_p. CRC runs cyclic Redundancy Check Algorithm on input z_p */ Returns value of 16 bit CRC after completion and */ always adds 2 crc bytes to message */ returns 0 if incoming message has correct CRC */ Example of a CRC Calculation in Basic Language Function CRC (messages) as long ‘‘ CRC runs Cyclic Redundancy Check Algorithm on input message$ ‘‘ Returns value of 16 bit CRC after completion and ‘‘ always adds 2 crc bytes to message ‘‘ returns 0 if incoming message has correct CRC ‘‘ Must use double word for CRC and decimal constants crc16& = 65535 FOR c% = 1 to LEN(message$) crc16& = crc16& XOR ASC(MID$(message$. if (carry) { CRC ^= 0xa001. These are unsigned 16 bit integer (usually an “unsigned short int” for most compiler types) and unsigned 8 bit integer (unsigned char). c%. 1)) FOR bit% = 1 to 8 IF crc16& MOD 2 THEN crc16& = (crc16& \ 2) XOR 40961 ELSE crc16& = crc16& \ 2 END IF NEXT BIT% NEXT c% crch% = CRC16& \ 256: crcl% = CRC16& MOD 256 message$ = message$ + CHR$(crcl%) + CHR$(crch%) CRC = CRC16& END FUNCTION CRC RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . and z_message_length is its length. uint16 carry. crch. = crcl. n++) { carry = CRC & 1. crcl. Note that the Modbus message will probably contain “NULL” characters and so normal C string handling techniques will not work. uint16 calculate_crc (uint8 *z_p. uint16 next.

. Data byte Param.. address Bit values 0 0 1 1st byte (27h) 647 646 645 644 643 642 641 640 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2nd byte (03h) 653 652 651 650 649 648 0 0 0 1 1 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . read 14 parameters. Reply: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 01 or 02 1 byte Number of bits to read 1 byte First byte of data 1 byte .. beginning at Tag 640: Command: Device Address 02 Function Code 01 or 02 01 Address of 1st bit 02 7F Number of bits to read 00 0E 8D CRC 97 Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 01 or 02 01 Number of bytes read 02 First byte of data 27 Last byte of data 03 A6 CRC 0D An expansion of the data bytes illustrates the relationship between data and the parameter addresses. Example From the unit at device address 02. LSB The first data byte contains the status of the first 8 bits. etc.. The following communication functions are supported by Eurotherm Drives’ units: Function Code 01 or 02 03 or 04 05 06 08 15 16 Function Read n bits Read n words Write 1 bit Write 1 word Loopback Write n bits Write n words Read n Bits Function Code: 01 or 02.34 MODBUS Function Codes Function codes are a single byte instruction to the Slave describing the action to perform.. (01h or 02h) Command: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 01 or 02 1 byte Address of 1st bit MSB LSB Number of bits to read MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB The maximum number of bits that may be read is 512. Last byte of data 1 byte MSB CRC . with the least significant bit being the first bit. The second data byte contains the status of the next 8 bits.. Unused bits are set to zero.

Value of last word LSB MSB CRC LSB .. MSB Example For a 650V drive at device address 02..MODBUS Read n Words Function Code: 03 or 04..00%. SPEED SETPOINT is 100. Command: Device Address 02 Function Code 03 or 04 03 Address of 1st word 00 FD Number of words to read 00 02 55 CRC C8 Reply: Device Function Code Address 03 or 04 02 03 Number of bytes read 04 Value of 1st word 27 10 Value of last word 13 88 CF CRC 14 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface ... (03h or 04h) 35 Command: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 03 or 04 1 byte Address of 1st word MSB LSB Number of words to read MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB The maximum number of words that may be read is 32.00% and SPEED DEMAND is 50. read 2 parameters beginning at Tag 254 (Speed Setpoint and Speed Demand).. Reply: Device Function Code Address 03 or 04 1 byte 1 byte Number of bytes read 1 byte Value of 1st word MSB LSB .

To set a bit value of 1. (05h) Command: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 05 1 byte Address of bit MSB LSB Value of bit MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB The LSB of “Value of bit” is always set to 00. To set a bit value of 0 transmit 00h. either transmit 01h or FFh. The MSB is used to write the value of the addresses bit.) Device Address 1 byte Function Code 05 1 byte Address of bit MSB LSB Value of bit MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB The reply to function 05 is the same as the command. Command: Device Address 02 Function Code 05 05 Address of bit 00 02 Value of bit 01 00 6D CRC A9 Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 05 05 Address of bit 00 02 Value of bit 01 00 6D CRC A9 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . A device address 00 will broadcast the data to all devices on the network. Reply: (There will be no reply to a command broadcast to the device address 00.36 MODBUS Write 1 Bit Function Code: 05.. Example Write to the unit at device address 02 setting the parameter with Tag 3 to be TRUE.

0 to ACCEL TIME (Tag 258). Reply: (There will be no reply to a command broadcast to the device address 00. (06h) 37 Command: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 06 1 byte Address of word MSB LSB Value of word MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB A device address 00 will broadcast the data to all devices on the network.) Device Address 1 byte Function Code 06 1 byte Address of word MSB LSB Value of word MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB The reply to function 06 is the same as the command. Example For a 650V drive at device address 02. write 20.MODBUS Write 1 Word Function Code: 06. Command: Device Address 02 Function Code 06 06 Address of word 01 01 Value of word 00 C8 D8 CRC 53 Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 06 06 Address of word 01 01 Value of word 00 C8 D8 CRC 53 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .

Example Perform a loopback from the unit at address 02 using a data value of 1234h. (08h) This function provides a means of testing the communications link by means of a “loopback” operation. Command: Device Address 02 Function Code 08 08 Diagnostic Code 0000 00 00 Loopback Data 12 34 ED CRC 4F Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 08 08 Diagnostic Code 0000 00 00 Loopback Data 12 34 ED CRC 4F RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . Only diagnostic code 0 from the Gould Modicon Specification is supported.38 MODBUS Diagnostic Loopback Function Code: 08. Command: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 08 1 byte Diagnostic Code 0000 MSB LSB Loopback Data MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB Reply: The reply to function 08 is the same as the command. The data sent to the unit is returned unchanged.

1. 0. Command: Device Function Code Address 0F 02 0F Address of 1st word 02 7F Number of bits to write 00 0E Number of data bytes (n) 02 Data CRC see below 83 06 Data byte Param. at device address 02. address Bit values Data byte Param. address Bit values 0 0 0 0 0 1 1st byte (27h) 647 646 645 644 643 642 641 640 0 0 1 1 1 2nd byte (03h) 653 652 651 650 649 648 0 0 0 1 1 Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 0F 0F Address of 1st word 02 7F Number of bits written 00 0E E4 CRC 5C RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . 0. 0.MODBUS Write n Bits Function Code: 15. Reply: (There will be no reply to a command broadcast to the device address 00). A device address 00 will broadcast the data to all devices on the network. 1. 0. Device Address 1 byte Function Code 0F 1 byte Address of 1st word MSB LSB Number of bits written MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB Example Write to the Slave unit. 14 parameters beginning at Tag 640 the values 1. 1. 0. 1. 0. 0. 1. (0Fh) 39 Command: Device Function Code Address 0F 1 byte 1 byte Address of 1st word MSB LSB Number of bits to write MSB LSB Number of data bytes (n) 1 byte Data CRC n bytes MSB LSB The maximum number of bits that may can be transmitted is 512. 0.

0 DECEL TIME = 15. (10h) MODBUS Command: Device Function Code Address 10 1 byte 1 byte Address of 1st word MSB LSB Number of words to write MSB LSB Number of data bytes (n) 1 byte Data CRC n bytes MSB LSB The maximum number of words that may can be transmitted is 32. Following pairs are data for the consecutive parameter addresses. A device address 00 will broadcast the data to all devices on the network. Reply: (There will be no reply to a command broadcast to the device address 00). Device Address 1 byte Function Code 10 1 byte Address of 1st word MSB LSB Number of words written MSB LSB MSB CRC LSB Example 650V drive: write to the Slave unit at device address 02 Tag 258 Tag 259 ACCEL TIME = 20. MSB first.40 Write n Words Function Code: 16. The first 2 bytes are data with the required value of the first parameter.0 Command: Device Function Code Address 10 02 10 Address of 1st word 01 01 Number of words to write 00 02 Number of data bytes (n) 04 Data CRC see below 31 27 Data (200) for Tag 258 00 C8 Data (150) for Tag 259 00 96 Reply: Device Address 02 Function Code 10 10 Address of 1st word 01 01 Number of words written 00 02 11 CRC C7 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .

IMPORTANT: Failure to observe the wait period after a broadcast will negate the broadcast message. the Master will re-transmit the command. After a wait period.) The error response code indicates the type of error detected. or a command that contains in incorrect instruction.MODBUS Error Response 41 The MODBUS protocol defines the response to a number of error conditions. The following error response codes are supported by Eurotherm Drives’ units: Code 01 02 03 06 07 Error Illegal Function Illegal Data Address Illegal Data Value Host Busy NAK Description The requested function is not supported by the slave. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . and will respond with an error code. the Master will interpret the failure to reply as a communications error. After a wait period. (This is the result of adding 128 to the function code. Wait Period There are several errors for which the Slave devices on the network are unable to make a response: • If the Master attempts to use an invalid address then no Slave device will receive the message • For a message corrupted by interference. The Slave will reject the command and will not reply to the Master. The Master should then re-transmit the command. The error message has the following syntax: Device Address 1 byte Function Code 1 byte Error Response Code 1 byte MSB CRC LSB The Function Code byte contains the transmitted function code but with the most significant bit set to 1. the Slave devices on the network are unable to make a response. will respond with an error message. A Slave device is able to detect a corrupted command or one that contains an incorrect instruction. With some errors. A Slave device that has detected a corrupted command. Try again later. Rejected for an unspecified reason. the transmitted CRC will not be the same as the internally calculated CRC. The address referenced in the data field is not an allowable address for the Slave The value referenced in the data field is not allowable in the addressed Slave location The slave cannot precess the request at this time. A wait period is also required after a broadcast communication to device address 0.

42 Activity Master To Slave 1 MODBUS Typical Transmission Line Activity This diagram illustrates a typical sequence of events on a Modbus transmission line. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . b To Slave n b Broadcast c Slave 1 a Reply a Slave n a Reply a Network Master Slave 1 Master Slave n Master Time Period “a” Period “b” Period “c” The processing time (latency). None of the Slaves will reply to a broadcast message. This is typically 2 milliseconds. The processing time required by the Master to analyse the Slave response and formulate the next command. The wait time calculated by the Master for the Slaves to perform the operation. required by the Slave to complete the command and construct a reply.

2 & 3 1650 = 650V Frames 1. HEX Value 7777 0101 0110 0111 0112 0113 0114 0115 4444 5555 Description Reset Command. Restores Default Configuration (Application 0) Restores Default Configuration (Application 1) Restores Default Configuration (Application 2) Restores Default Configuration (Application 3) Restores Default Configuration (Application 4) Restores Default Configuration (Application 5) Exit Configuration Mode Enter Configuration Mode !2 : State Read-only: used to determine the major state of the drive. (Powering up ) Corrupted Product Code and Configuration Corrupted Configuration Restoring Configuration Re-Configuring Mode Normal Operation Mode RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . D.MODBUS MODBUS RTU Parameter Mapping 1. Acknowledges failed restore. MODBUS RTU Prime Set Mnemonic 9901 Description Instrument Identity Range (HEX values) 0650. E & F 0000 to FFFF 0000 to FFFF (0000 if not fitted) 0000 to FFFF 0000 to FFFF 0000 to FFFF 43 Access Read Only 9902 9903 9904 9908 9909 Main Software Version 6051 Software Version Comms Interface Software Version Bootloader Software Version Last Tag Number Read Only Read Only Read Only Read Only Read Only 2. HEX Value 0000 0001 0002 0003 0004 0005 Description Initialising. 1650 or 2650 0650 = 650 Frames 1. 2 & 3 2650 = 650V Frames C. Restores Saved Configuration from drive’s non-volatile memory. Loads and saves default Product Code and default Configuration (Application 1). Command/Status Mnemonic 9911 9912 9913 9914 Description Command State Save Command Save State Range (HEX values) see below (!1) see below (!2) see below (!3) see below (!4) Access Write Only Read Only Write Only Read Only !1 : Command Write-only: used to modify the state of the drive and to load configuration data from non-volatile memory.

!4 : Save State Read only: used to determine the progress of a non-volatile saving operation. 06. 05 and 15) or word functions (03. Saves Product Code to drive’s non-volatile memory. Acknowledges (clears) any previous save error. the parameter with Tag 65 in the drive is mapped to register: Bit Functions {0}0065 {1}0065 as a COIL STATUS REGISTER for access using functions : as an INPUT STATUS REGISTER for access using function : (01. HEX Value 0000 0001 0002 Description Idle Saving Failed 3. For example. This allows a parameter to be read and written using the MODBUS bit functions (01. Writing to parameter which is not of type BOOLEAN using a bit function (05 or 15) will set the value to either 0 or 1 if the limits of the parameter allow this. 04. Encoding Reading a parameter which is not of type BOOLEAN using a bit function (01 or 02) will return 1 if the value is non-zero. Saves Configuration to drive’s non-volatile memory. 16) (04) 4. 15) (02) Word Functions {4}0065 {3}0065 as a HOLDING REGISTER for access using functions : as an INPUT REGISTER for access using function : (03. RS485/RS232 Communications Interface . and the other two represent it as a 16-bit signal or unsigned data word. 06 and 16). 02.44 HEX Value 0000 0001 0100 Description MODBUS !3 : Save Command Write-only: used to save the configuration and product code in non-volatile memory. Tag Access Each parameter is directly mapped to four MODBUS registers: two of these represent it as a single data bit. Reset Command. 05.

< = > ? 0 1 1 4 @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O 1 0 0 5 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ 1 0 1 6 ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 1 1 0 7 p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~ DEL 1 1 1 RS485/RS232 Communications Interface .45 ASCII Table BINARY b6 b5 b4 b3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 b2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 b1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 b0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 HEX x0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F 0x NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI 0 0 0 1 DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US 0 0 1 2 SP ! “ # $ % & ‘ ( ) * + . . / 0 1 0 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : .

ISS. DATE DRAWN CHK'D 16450 16864 14/5/02 11/6/02 CM CM TL TL 3 16904 (17130) 22/10/02 CM TL FIRST USED ON MODIFICATION RECORD RS485/RS232 Communications Interface Technical Manual DRAWING NUMBER SHT. 1 2 MODIFICATION First Issue of HA466357U001 : EI Bisynch ASCII/Binary and Modbus for 650V Frames 123CDEF Page 5: RS485 Connections diagram updated. 1 OF 1 EUROTHERM DRIVES ZZ466357U001 . ECN No. New REPLY DELAY parameter added to Comms Ports function block Updated to incorporate Errata Sheet HA466360U001 Issue A. new Terminators information.

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