Electropneumatics Basic Level

Workbook TP 201

CD-ROM included

Festo Didactic 541090 en

Intended use

The Festo Didactic Learning System has been developed and produced solely for vocational and further training in the field of automation and technology. The training company and/or instructor needs to ensure that trainees observe the safety precautions specified in this workbook.. Festo Didactic hereby disclaims any legal liability for damages or injury to trainees, the training company and/or other parties, which may occur during the use/application of this equipment set other than in a training situation and unless such damages are caused by intention or gross negligence on the part of Festo Didactic.

Order No.: Status: Authors: Editor: Graphics: Layout:

541090 04/2005 M. Pany, S. Scharf Frank Ebel Doris Schwarzenberger 09/2005

© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG, 73770 Denkendorf, Germany, 2005 Internet: www.festo-didactic.com e-mail: did@festo.com

The copying, distribution and utilisation of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without express authorisation is prohibited. Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved, in particular the right to carry out patent, utility model or ornamental design registration. Parts of this documentation may be copied by the authorised user exclusively for training purposes.

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© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090

Contents

Preface ______________________________________________________________ 5 Introduction__________________________________________________________ 7 Notes on safety and operation ___________________________________________ 9 Technology package for electropneumatics (TP200) ________________________ 11 Training aims of Basic Level (TP201) _____________________________________ 13 Allocation of training aims and exercises _________________________________ 15 Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201) _____________________________________ 17 Allocation of equipment and exercises ___________________________________ 21 Methodological help for the trainer ______________________________________ 23 Methodological structure of the exercises_________________________________ 25 Designation of equipment _____________________________________________ 26 Contents of the CD-ROM _______________________________________________ 27 Equipment set – Advanced Level (TP202) _________________________________ 29 Training aims – Advanced Level (TP202) __________________________________ 30

Part A – Exercises Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device ____________________________________A-3 Exercise 2: Realising a shut-off device___________________________________A-15 Exercise 3: Realising a lid press ________________________________________A-25 Exercise 4: Realising the operation of a hinged lid _________________________A-35 Exercise 5: Realising a diverting device __________________________________A-43 Exercise 6: Actuation of a stacking magazine _____________________________A-53 Exercise 7: Sorting of packages ________________________________________A-65 Exercise 8: Actuation of a sliding platform _______________________________A-73 Exercise 9: Expanding a diverting device _________________________________A-81 Exercise 10: Designing a stamping device________________________________A-91 Exercise 11: Realising a pallet loading station __________________________ A-101 Exercise 12: Eliminating a fault on the pallet loading station_______________ A-107

© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090

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Contents

Part B – Fundamentals

Part C – Solutions Exercise 1: Realising of a sorting device __________________________________C-3 Exercise 2: Realising a shut-off device___________________________________C-15 Exercise 3: Realising a lid press ________________________________________C-23 Exercise 4: Realising the operation of a hinged lid _________________________C-33 Exercise 5: Realising a diverting device __________________________________C-41 Exercise 6: Actuation of a stacking magazine _____________________________C-49 Exercise 7: Sorting of packages ________________________________________C-59 Exercise 8: Actuation of a sliding platform _______________________________C-67 Exercise 9: Expanding a diverting device _________________________________C-75 Exercise 10: Designing a stamping device________________________________C-85 Exercise 11: Realising a pallet loading station ____________________________C-95 Exercise 12: Eliminating a fault on the pallet loading station _______________C-101

Part D – Appendix Organiser __________________________________________________________ D-2 Assembly technology ________________________________________________ D-3 Plastic tubing_______________________________________________________ D-4 Data sheets

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© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090

© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. hydraulics. programmable logic controllers. electrohydraulics.Preface Festo Didactic’s Learning System for Automation and Technology is orientated towards different training and vocational requirements and is therefore structured into the following training packages: • Basic packages to provide technology-spanning basic knowledge • Technology packages to address the major subjects of open and closed-loop technology • Function packages to explain the basic functions of automated systems • Application packages to facilitate vocational and further training based on actual industrial applications The technology packages deal with the following technologies: Pneumatics. automation using a personal computer. proportional hydraulics and handling technology. KG • 541090 5 . electropneumatics.

methodological design of the Teachware is harmonised with the training hardware and comprises: • Textbooks (with exercises and examples) • Workbooks (with practical exercises. For example. The didactic. additional information. to facilitate PLC actuation of pneumatic. solutions and data sheets) • Overhead transparencies and videos (to create an interesting and lively training environment) Tuition and training media are available in several languages and are suitable for use both in the classroom and for self-tuition. hydraulic and electrical drives. 6 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.Preface The modular design of the learning system enables applications beyond the limits of the individual packages. Software is available in the form of computer training programs and programming software for programmable logic controllers. All the training packages are of identical structure: • Hardware • Teachware • Software • Seminars The hardware consists of didactically designed industrial components and systems. KG • 541090 . A comprehensive range of seminars dealing with the topics of the technology packages completes the range of vocational and further training available.

Basic Level TP201 is suitable for basic training in electropneumatic control technology and provides knowledge regarding the physical fundamentals of electropneumatics and the function and use of electropneumatic equipment. Optimum operational reliability is achieved if the control system is operated unlubricated at a working pressure of p = 5 bar = 500 kPa. The two equipment sets enable you to construct complex combinational circuits with logic operations of input and output signals and program controls. 5 A) is used for DC voltage supply. Prerequisite for the assembly of control systems is a fixed workstation using a Festo Didactic profile plate. A mobile. KG. A shortcircuit protected power supply unit (input: 230 V. The equipment set of Basic Level TP201 is used to construct all of the complete control systems of the 12 problem definitions. The theoretical fundamentals to help you understand this collection of exercises can be found in the textbook • Electropneumatics Also available are data sheets in respect of the individual devices (cylinders. silenced compressor (230 V. measuring devices. etc. max. Technology package TP200 is comprised exclusively of electropneumatic control systems. valves.Introduction This workbook is a component part of the Learning System for Automation and Technology of Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.). Advanced Level TP202 focuses on further training in electropneumatic control technology. maximum 8 bar = 800 kPa) can be used for compressed air supply. KG • 541090 7 . © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. 50 Hz. output: 24 V. This system provides a solid basis for practice-oriented vocational and further training. consisting of 14 parallel T-slots with 50 mm spacing. The equipment set enables you to construct simple electropneumatic control systems. Working pressure must not exceed a maximum of p = 6 bar = 600 kPa.

Introduction 8 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 .

© Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. • At high piston speeds. jack plugs. Limit switches must not be actuated from the front.Notes on safety and operation The following advice should be observed in the interest of your own safety: • Pressurised air lines that become detached can cause accidents. Only use cables with jack plugs for the electrical connections.e. plugging the tubing into the push-in fitting up to the stop. • With electrical limit switches you need to distinguish between two designs – Actuation from the left – Actuation from the right. • Pneumatic circuit assembly: Connect devices using the silver-metallic plastic tubing of 4mm outer diameter. • Do not exceed the permissible working pressure (see data sheets). • All components are equipped with 4 mm safety sockets. • Do not switch on compressed air until tubing is securely connected. KG • 541090 9 . limit switches must be approached only in the designated direction of the trip cam of the cylinder. no need for securing! • Releasing of push-in fitting: The tubing can be released by pressing down the releasing ring (disconnection under pressure is not possible!) • Switch off compressed air supply and power supply prior to dismantling the circuit. • Caution! Cylinders may advance automatically as soon as the compressed air is switched on. Switch off supply immediately. • Only use extra-low voltage ≤ 24 V DC. i. • Observe general safety regulations. • Do not operate an electrical limit switch manually during fault finding (use a tool).

Variant D. Clamping and releasing is effected by means of the blue knurled nut. 10 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. screw system For heavy loadable devices rarely removed from the profile plate (e.Notes on safety and operation • The mounting plates of the devices are equipped with mounting variants A to D: Variant A. Simply clip the device into the slot in the profile plate. plug-in system Lightweight non loadable devices with locking pins (e. must be observed. indicating devices). Devices can be released by pressing the blue lever.g. Start-up valve with filter control valve). KG • 541090 . These devices are attached by means of plug-in adapters. actuators). Variant B. directional control valves). Variant C. as specified in the data sheets in Part D.g. • The data for the individual devices. These devices are mounted by means of socket head screws and T-head bolts. These devices are clamped onto the profile plate by means of T-head bolts. rotary system Medium weight loadable devices (e. latching system For lightweight non loadable devices (e.g.g.

0. The subject matter of this package is exclusively electropneumatic control systems. Individual components from the technology package TP200 may also form a component part of other packages.Technology package for electropneumatics (TP200) The technology package TP200 consists of numerous individual training media as well as seminars. drawing template WBT Fluid Studio Electropneumatics Cutaway model sets 1 + 2 with storage case ® Simulation software FluidSIM Pneumatic Optional Teachware © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 11 . Important elements of TP200 • • • • • • Fixed workstation with Festo Didactic profile plate Compressor (230 V.55 kW. maximum 8 bar = 800 kPa ) Equipment sets or individual components Optional training aids Practical training models Complete laboratory setups Training documentation Textbooks Basic Level TP201 Fundamentals of pneumatic control technology Maintenance of pneumatic devices and systems Workbooks Basic Lvel TP201 Advanced Level TP202 Sets of overhead transparencies and overhead projector Magnetic symbols.

The sets of overhead transparencies. 12 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. The Learning System for Automation and Technology is continually updated and expanded. dates and prices can be found in the current seminar planner. CD-ROMs and DVDs as well as technical books are available in several languages. Information regarding further training media is available in our catalogues and on the Internet. films. KG • 541090 .Technology package for electropneumatics (TP200) Seminars P111 P121 IW-PEP Fundamentals of pneumatics and electropneumatics Maintenance of and fault finding on pneumatic and electropneumatic systems Maintenance and servicing in control technology– pneumatic and electropneumatic control systems Electropneumatics for vocational training EP-AL Details of venues.

• To be able to calculate piston forces according to specified values. • To be able to explain and design an example of direct actuation. • To familiarise yourself with displacement-step diagrams and to be able to design these for specified problem definitions. • To be able to design a pressure-dependent control system. © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. • To familiarise yourself with logic functions and to design these. • To be able to select solenoid valves according to requirements. • To be able to realise a sequence control using two cylinders. • To be able to explain and design an electrical latching circuit with dominant switch-off signal. • To be able to calculate electrical characteristic values. • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a double-acting cylinder. • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of magnetic proximity sensors. KG • 541090 13 . • To be able to explain and design an example of indirect actuation. • To be able to convert solenoid valves. • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a 3/2-way solenoid valve. • To familiarise yourself with different types of end position control and to be able to select a suitable type.Training aims of Basic Level (TP201) • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a single-acting cylinder. • To be able to identify and draw the various types of actuation of directional control valves. • To be able to identify and eliminate errors in simple electropneumatic control systems. • To familiarise yourself with latching circuits with different characteristics. • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a double solenoid valve.

KG • 541090 .Training aims of Basic Level (TP201) 14 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

To be able to calculate piston forces according to specified values. To be able to explain and design an example of indirect actuation. To familiarise yourself with different types of end position control and to be able to select a suitable type. To be able to calculate electrical characteristic values 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.Allocation of training aims and exercises Exercise Training aims To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a singleacting cylinder. To be able to identifiy and draw the various types of actuation of directional control valves. KG • 541090 15 . To be able to select a solenoid valve according to requirements. To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a doubleacting cylinder. To be able to explain and design an example of direct actuation. To be able to convert solenoid valves. To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a double solenoid valve. To familiarise yourself with logic functions and to be able to design these. To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a 3/2-way solenoid valve.

To be able to realise a sequence control using two cylinders. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 • • • • • • • • 16 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. To be able to design a pressuredependent control system. To familiarise yourself with the mode of operation of magnetic proximity sensors. To be able to explain and design an electrical latching circuit with dominant switch-off signal. To be able to detect and eliminate errors in simple electropneumatic control systems.Allocation of training aims and exercises Exercise Training aims To familiarise yourself with latching circuits with different characteristics. KG • 541090 . To familiarise yourself with displacement step diagrams and to be able to create these for specified problem definitions.

electrical. 539776 539778 539777 153267 152888 183322 183322 152896 539773 151496 539757 540695 178577 153251 153128 162241 162242 152887 540691 Quantity 1 2 1 10 2 1 1 1 4 2 1 2 1 10 20 2 1 1 1 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. actuated from the right Manifold One-way flow control valve Plastic tubing 4 x 0. electronic Proximity sensor. 10 m Pressure sensor Proximity sensor. Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201 Order No.75. normally closed 5/2-way double solenoid valve 5/2-way solenoid valve Blanking plug Double-acting cylinder Limit switch. The profile plate and a compressed air supply are required in addition. KG • 541090 17 .: 540712) Description 2 x 3/2-way solenoid valve. It contains all the components required to meet the specifed training aims and can be expanded in any way with other equipment sets. 3-off Signal input. actuated from the left Limit switch.Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201) This equipment set has been compiled for basic training in electropneumatic control technology. optical Push-in sleeve Push-in T-connector Relay. electrical. electrical Single-acting cylinder Start-up valve with filter control valve Order No.

3-off Symbol A1 12 14 22 24 32 34 42 44 A2 A1 11 12 14 21 22 24 31 32 34 41 42 44 A2 A1 11 12 14 21 22 24 31 32 34 41 42 44 A2 Signal input. KG • 541090 .Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201) Equipment set symbols Description Relay. normally closed 24 32 2 42 1M1 1 3 1M1 18 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. electrical 11 13 23 21 31 31 41 41 14 13 24 23 32 31 42 41 14 13 24 23 32 31 42 41 14 3/2-way solenoid valve.

Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201) Description 5/2-way solenoid valve Symbol 4 1M1 5 1M1 1 2 3 5/2-way double solenoid valve 4 1M1 5 1M1 1M2 1 2 1M2 3 Proximity sensor. electronic Pressure sensor p Proximity sensor. KG • 541090 19 . optical Limit switch. electrical 2 4 1 One-way flow control valve 1 2 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

KG • 541090 .Equipment set – Basic Level (TP201) Description Single-acting cylinder Symbol Double-acting cylinder Start-up valve with filter control valve 1 2 3 Manifold Connection elements 20 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

Allocation of equipment and exercises Exercise Equipment Cylinder. electrical. normally open conact Pushbutton. normally closed button Relay Manifold Start-up valve with filter control valve Power supply unit 24 V DC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 (1) 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. normally open contact Pushbutton. normally closed 5/2-way solenoid valve 5/2-way double solenoid valve Pressure sensor Limit switch. single-acting Cylinder. KG • 541090 21 . double-acting One-way flow control valve 3/2-way double solenoid valve. electrical Proximity sensor. electrical.

Allocation of equipment and exercises 22 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 .

Skilled workers in the engineering and electrical fields require approximately 2 weeks. Each of the Basic Level exercises can be assembled on a profile plate. KG • 541090 23 . Actual individual training aims are allocated to each problem and major training aims are shown in brackets. © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. This direct interaction of theory and practice ensures quick progress with learning. • Representation Abbreviated notation and motion diagrams are used for the representation of motion sequences and switching statuses. For all 18 exercises you only require the components of the equipment set of Basic Level TP201. • Time required The time required to work through a problem depends on the trainee’s prior knowledge. Technicians or engineers require approximately 1 week. • Components of the equipment set The book of exercises and equipment set are harmonised. The detailed training aims are documented in the table.Methodological help for the trainer • Training aims The overall aim of this collection of exercises is the systematic design of circuit diagrams and practical assembly of a control system on a profile plate.

Methodological help for the trainer 24 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 .

Methodological structure of the exercises All 12 exercises in Part A are of identical methodological structure. The exercises are divided into: • Title • Training aims • Problem definition • Parameters as well as • Project task • Positional sketch • Worksheets The proposed solutions in Part C are divided into: • Circuit diagram • Solution description as well as • Circuit assembly • Equipment list © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 25 .

0Z2. 1B2.. 0Z1. 1Z1. . 1B1. All components of a circuit have the same main code number. 26 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.. Letters are assigned depending on components.. KG • 541090 . 1S2. The designation of pressure ports is P and these are separately consecutively numbered..Designation of equipment The designation of components in the circuit diagrams is effected in accordance with the DIN-ISO 1219-2 standard.. Drives: Valves: Sensors: Signal input: Accessories: Pressure strings: 1A1. 1S1. 2V1. 2A1. 2A2. P1. 1V3. 1V1.. . P2.. Several components within a circuit are numbered consecutively. 3V1. 1V2..... . .. . 2V2. .

FluidSIM® circuit diagrams FluidSIM® circuit diagrams are stored in this directory for all of the 12 exercises in the technology package.Contents of the CD-ROM The CD-ROM supplied provides you with additional media. Festo catalogue Pages from the Festo AG & Co. Demo A demo version of the software package FluidSIM® Pneumatic is stored on the CDROM. The representation and description of equipment in this form is intended to illustrate how such equipment is represented in an industrial catalogue. KG • 541090 27 . The structure of the CD-ROM is as follows: • Operating instructions • Data sheets • Demo • Festo catalogue • FluidSIM® circuit diagrams • Industrial applications • Presentations • Product information • Videos Operating instructions Operating instructions are available for the various pieces of equipment of the technology package to assist you in the use and commissioning of the equipment. Data sheets The data sheets for the equipment of the technology package are available in the form of pdf files. © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG catalogue are provided for selected pieces of equipment. You will also find additional information here regarding the equipment. This version is suitable for the testing of the control systems developed. The contents of Part A – Exercises and Part C – Solutions are stored in the form of pdf files.

KG • 541090 . KG regarding the equipment of the technology package and is intended to explain what information and data are provided for an industrial component. 28 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. Videos A number of videos of industrial applications complete the media for the training package. These can also be added to project presentations. Product information This directory provides you with the product information and data sheets of Festo AG & Co.Contents of the CD-ROM Industrial applications Photos and pictures are provided of industrial applications to enable you to illustrate your own problem definitions. Presentations Brief presentations are stored in this directory regarding the equipment of this technology package. These presentations can for instance be used to create project presentations. Short sequences are shown of practice-related applications.

inductive Proximity sensor. piloted Order No. capacitive EMERGENCY-STOP button Valve terminal with 4 valve slices (MMJJ) Non-return valve. 2 off Predetermining counter Proximity sensor. 3 off Signal input. The two equipment sets (TP201 and TP202) comprise the components required for the specified training aims and can expanded in any way with other equipments sets of the Learning System for Automation and Technology.: 540713) Description Relay.Equipment set – Advanced Level (TP202) This Advanced Level equipment set has been compiled for further training in pneumatic control technology. Equipment set – Advanced Level (TP202 Order No. KG • 541090 29 . 162241 162242 162243 162355 178574 178575 183347 540696 540715 Quantity 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. electrical Time relay.

..Training aims of Advanced Level (TP202) • To describe the design and use of valve terminals • To solve sequence controls with signal overlap – solution according to group method • To solve sequence controls with signal overlap – solution with sequence chain using spring-return valves • To solve sequence control with signal overlap – solution with sequence chain using double solenoid valves (with control step) • To be able to describe and configure modes of operation (single cycle. continuous cycle. KG • 541090 . ..) • To describe the function and use of a predetermining counter • To explain and realise an EMERGENCY-STOP FUNCTION using spring-return valves • To realise special EMERGENCY-STOP conditions: Actuators must stop during EMERGENCY-STOP • To explain the function and use of a 5/3-way solenoid valve • To describe and configure the Reset mode of operation • To carry out fault finding in complex electropneumatic circuits 30 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

Contents Part A – Exercises Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device ____________________________________A-3 Exercise 2: Realising a shut-off device___________________________________A-15 Exercise 3: Realising a lid press ________________________________________A-25 Exercise 4: Realising the operation of a hinged lid _________________________A-35 Exercise 5: Realising a diverting device __________________________________A-43 Exercise 6: Actuation of a stacking magazine _____________________________A-53 Exercise 7: Sorting of packages ________________________________________A-65 Exercise 8: Actuation of a sliding platform _______________________________A-73 Exercise 9: Expanding a diverting device _________________________________A-81 Exercise 10: Designing a stamping device________________________________A-91 Exercise 11: Realising a pallet loading station __________________________ A-101 Exercise 12: Eliminating a fault on the pallet loading station_______________ A-107 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 A-1 .

KG • 541090 .Contents A-2 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

• To be able to identify and draw various types of actuation of directional control valves. Compile an equipment list. Problem definition Parameters Project task © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. • To be able to explain and design an example of direct actuation. A sorting device is to be used to sort water samples according to the size of the sample bottle.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Training aims • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a single-acting cylinder. 4. Check the circuit operation. Draw the pneumatic and electrical circuit diagram. • To familiarise yourself with the design and mode of operation of a 3/2-way solenoid valve. Simulate the electropneumatic circuit diagram and check its correct functioning. 3. • A single-acting cylinder is to be used. Design a control system whereby this process can be carried out. 6. 5. 1. • The control of the cylinder is to be effected by means of a pushbutton. Carry out the pneumatic and electrical circuit assembly. • In the event of a power failure the cylinder piston rod is to return into the retracted end position. KG • 541090 A-3 . 2. Answer the questions or carry out the exercises regarding the fundamentals of the training contents listed.

Pressing of a pushbutton causes the piston rod of a single-acting cylinder to push the sample bottle off the conveyor. A-4 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. the piston rod is to return into the retracted end position. 2. KG • 541090 .Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Positional sketch Sorting device 1. When the pushbutton is released.

Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Function of pneumatic working components Date: Sheet 1 of 7 Pneumatic working components can be divided into two groups: • Working components using linear movement • Working components using rotary movement – Describe the function of the working components shown. KG • 541090 A-5 . Symbol 1 Symbol 2 Symbol 3 Description of function Symbol 1: Symbol 2: Symbol 3: © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

KG • 541090 . normally open. with manual override. with spring return Pilot actuated 3/2-way solenoid valve. with spring return Symbol 2 1 3 2 1 3 A-6 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. normally closed.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Completing solenoid valve symbols Date: Sheet 2 of 7 – Complete the individual symbols with the help of the corresponding component descriptions. with manual override. Description Directly actuated 3/2-way solenoid valve.

The single-acting cylinder shown is controlled by an electrically actuated 3/2-way solenoid valve. In the normal position the valve can be open or closed. It can be in the normal position (unactuated) or in the switching position (actuated). 2 1M1 1M1 2 1 3 1 3 Description: Normal position closed Description: Normal position open © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 A-7 .Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Normal positions of directional control valves Date: Sheet 3 of 7 An electrically actuated 3/2-way solenoid valve has two switching positions. – Describe the effects on the motion sequence of the following application arising as a result of the different normal positions.

– Describe the difference with the help of the following application: Electrical actuation of a spring-returned 3/2-way solenoid valve using a pushbutton. KG • 541090 . Description: Direct actuation Description: Indirect actuation A-8 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Direct and indirect actuation Date: Sheet 4 of 7 An electrically actuated solenoid valve can be actuated either directly or indirectly.

KG • 541090 A-9 . – Describe the design and function of the switches shown.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Design and function of an electrical switch Date: Sheet 5 of 7 Switches are basically divided into pushbutton and control switch designs and perform the function of a normally open or normally closed contact or changeover switch. Symbol 1 Symbol 2 Symbol 3 3 4 Description: Design/Function 1 2 2 4 1 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

Basically. KG • 541090 . Valve type Spring-return valve Mode of operation Double solenoid valve A-10 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Mode of operation of different valve types Date: Sheet 6 of 7 Electrically actuated directional control valves are switches with the help of solenoids. these can be divided into two groups: • Spring-return solenoid valves • Double solenoid valves – Describe the differences between the two groups with regard to function and behaviour in the event of power failure.

Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Fundamentals: Port designations of valves Date: Sheet 7 of 7 In order to prevent incorrect tubing up of directional control valves. Designation Meaning. both on the valve itself and in the circuit diagram. the valve ports (working and pilot lines) are identified in accordance with ISO 5599. – Describe the meaning and function of the designations below. KG • 541090 A-11 . function 3 12 10 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

2 1 3 Pneumatic circuit diagram +24 V 1 0V Electrical circuit diagram A-12 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co. KG • 541090 .Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Completing the pneumatic and electrical circuit diagram Date: Sheet 1 of 1 – Complete the pneumatic and electrical circuit diagram for the sorting device.

– Compile the equipment list by entering the required equipment in the table below. Quantity Description Equipment list © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device Exercise 1: Realising the operation of a sorting device Name: Compiling the equipment list Date: Sheet 1 of 1 Apart from the circuit diagram. comprehensive project documentation also requires an equipment list. KG • 541090 A-13 .

KG • 541090 .Exercise 1: Realising a sorting device A-14 © Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.

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