HIKMAH MODULE

SCIENCE SPM MODULE 1
PAPER 1 1. Diagram shows a type of neuron.

X

What is labelled X? A Axon B Dendrite C Dendron D Cell body

2. Diagram shows an impulse pathway.

Which action involves the impuls7e pathway? A Sweating B Swallowing food C Dancing with music D Walking on a tight rope

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Which part of the brain controls body balance? 6. What is the type of action? A B C D Reflex action Automatic action Voluntary action Involuntary action 4. A boy is picking some rambutans. What is the effect on a person if the gland is removed? A The blood pressure increases B The blood sugar level increases C The metabolic rate becomes low D The secondary sex characteristics are not developed . Diagram shows the structure of a human brain. What is the function of the medulla oblongata? A To maintain hormone balance B To control muscle contraction C To control involuntary actions D To receive and interpret impulses 5. Diagram shows one of the human endocrine glands.HIKMAH MODULE 3.

Deficiency of iodine in the blood will cause A B C D Goiter Diabetes Dwarfism Gigantism 9. The information shows three type of neurones in the human nervous system. Y and Z? X A B C D Sensory neurone Relay neurone Sensory neurone Motor neuron Y Motor neuron Motor neuron Relay neurone Sensory neurone Z Relay neurone Sensory neurone Motor neuron Relay neurone 3 . Glucose can be detected in an adult’s urine. X : Carry impulses from receptor Y : Connecting two neurones Z: Carry impulses to the effector Choose the correct match for X.HIKMAH MODULE 7. Which endocrine gland is not functioning well? A Ovary B Pancreas C Adrenal gland D Pituitary gland 8.

HIKMAH MODULE 10. Receptors to effectors B. Sensory neurone to motor neurone C. The diagram shows a neurone. Which of the following is the correct flow of impulse? A. Central nervous system to effectors D. Receptors to the central nervous system .

……………….…………… [1 mark] (e) What is the importance of reflex action? ……………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………. Diagram 1 shows the path of an impulse when a student touches a hot object... X :……………………… Y :……………… hot electric iron muscle Z otot DIAGRAM 1 (a) Label parts X and Y. (b) What is the function of the structure labeled Y? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [2 marks] (c) Which part of the nervous system controls the reflex action? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) Give another example of reflex action..HIKMAH MODULE PAPER 2 1. 5 .

Y and Z which one controls the student’s action? Circle your answer in Diagram 2.1 (a) State the cause for the reaction of the student. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) (i) Between X. Diagram 2.2 [1 mark] Pituitary X Y Pancreas Z DIAGRAM 2.1 shows a student is shocked by a snake.2 (ii) Name the endocrine gland which you have circled in 2(b)(i) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] . DIAGRAM 2.HIKMAH MODULE [1 mark] 2.

DIAGRAM 2.HIKMAH MODULE (c) What will happen to the student if pancreas gland secretes less hormones? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) Diagram 2.3 shows a woman have a problem due to imbalance of hormones.3 (i) What causes the disease of the woman? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) Name the endocrine gland involved in (d)(i). ………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 7 .

HIKMAH MODULE 3. Your explanations of the concept should include the following: Identify two common characteristics Develop initial concept Give other examples and non-examples in relation to the concept Explain the actual concept [2 marks] [1 mark] [2 marks] [1 mark] . Dancing Typing Action Cooking DIAGRAM 11 Swimming Study the above activities. Explain how you would develop a concept based on the information in Diagram 11. [4 marks] (b ) Diagram 11 shows several action carried by a boy. State four differences between voluntary action and involuntary action.

A 3. A 9. C 2. C 10. C 5. C 4. D 7.HIKMAH MODULE MODULE 1 .ANSWERS 1. (a) X : Motor neurone Y : Sensory neurone (b) Send impulse from receptor to central nervous system (c) Medulla oblongata (d) Knee jerk // pulling finger away from sharp things // blinking eyes when dust blows into eyes // sneezing and other relevance answer. C 6. (a) Increasing of secretion of adrenaline hormones (b) (i) Y (ii) Adrenal gland (c) Student will get diabetes mellitus // Easily get tired (d) (i) Deficiency of thyroxin (ii) Thyroid gland 9 . (e) To avoid ourselves from serious injury 2. B 8. D 1.

HIKMAH MODULE Section C Question 11 Answer (a) Able to state the differences between voluntary action and involuntary action Mark Mark Voluntary action Controlled by cerebrum Involuntary action Controlled by medulla oblongata 1 Responses can be controlled by the will Responses can be delayed / made faster Responses are not automatic Impulses transmitted from receptor to effectors via cerebrum Responses cannot be controlled by the will Responses are rapid / instant 1 Responses are automatic Impulses transmitted from receptor to effectors via medulla oblongata / spinal cord 1 1 1 4 1 1 Responses involved somatic nervous system Responses are carried out by skeletal muscles Responses involved autonomic nervous system Responses are carried out by internal organ (any four) .

1 1 Initial concept Activities that conducted consciously and controlled by cerebrum are voluntary action. 1 1 1 Other examples Non-examples Actual concept Jogging / sewing / painting / gardening / drawing Heartbeat / peristalsis / breathing Voluntary action is an action that conducted consciously / under control / can be controlled and controlled by the cerebrum Total 1 6 10 _______ 11 .HIKMAH MODULE (b) Able to show the steps in developing a concept Example answers: Common characteristics 1. Activities conducted consciously / under control 2. Activities are controlled by cerebrum.

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