Tutorial 1 (Topic 1 – Polynomials) Answer scheme Mathematics 2 MTH1022 DMS/DST/DVA/DVI

1. Identify whether the following statement are polynomials or not. If polynomials, what is the degree, leading coefficient and constant term. No (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) Questions ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) √ ( ) ( ) ( ) ) √ ( ) Polynomials Degree Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes 2 3 2 32 2 2 Leading coefficient 1 2/3 1 √ 1 1 Constant term -5 -1 9 -3 0 2

2. Solve the following polynomials : (a) ( ) ( )

(b) (

)

(

)

(c) ( ( ( (

)( )( ) ( )

) ) ) ( )

(d) ( ( (e) ( (

)( )( )( )( )

)

) )

(f) ( ( )

)

3. Find the coefficient for ( )

for ( (

)( )

).

The coefficient for x = 1 4. Find the coefficient for ( ( ) )( ( for ( ) ) ( ) ( ) )( )

The coefficient for

5. By using Long Division Method, find the remainder when ( ) divided with ( ) ( ) ( ) and expressed the answer in the form ( ) ( ) (a) ( ) ( )

/

( ) ( ) (b) ( )

(

)(

) ( ) 𝒙𝟒

𝒙 𝟐 (-) 𝒙𝟓 2𝒙𝟒 𝟒 𝟑𝒙𝟑 𝟔𝒙𝟐 𝟏𝟐𝒙 𝟐𝟕

+0 𝟔𝒙𝟑 (-) 𝟑𝒙 𝟔𝒙𝟑 ( )𝟔𝒙𝟑 (-) ( ) 52 ( ) ( ) ( )( ) 𝟎𝒙𝟐 𝟏𝟐𝒙𝟐

(c)

( )

( ) 𝒙𝟑

𝒙 𝟐 (-) 𝒙𝟒 (-) 2𝒙𝟑 𝟐𝒙 𝟑 𝟐𝒙𝟐 𝟖𝒙 𝟏𝟎

+4 𝟒𝒙𝟐

𝟔𝒙 𝟐 𝟖𝒙𝟐

( )𝟖𝒙 𝟏𝟔𝒙

( ) ( ) ( )

(

)(

)

(d) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )( )

(e)

( )

( )

(-) ( )

( ) ( ) (f) ( )

(

)(

)

(

) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

(

)(

)

(

)

6. Find the remainder by using Synthetic Method, (a) -1 2 -5 -2 -7 1 7 8 -3 -8 -11 ( )

2 ( ) (b) -2 1

( ) -2 -2 -4 0 8 8 3 -16 -13

1 ( )

(c) 1/2 2 3 1 2 4 2 2 4 1 2 3

( ) -1 3/2 1/2

( ) 7. If (a) ( ) () () ( (b) ( ) ( ) (c) ( ( ) ) ( [( [( ( ( ( ( ) ( ) ) ( )] ( )( )] ( ) ( ) )) ) ( ) ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ) () () Find :

By using Remainder Theorem, find remainder if : (a) ( ) ( ) (b) ( ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

(c) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

8. Use the remainder theorem to find the remainder, which was divide f(x) = 3x2+ 5x − 8 by (x − 2). ( ) ( ) 9. ( ) ( )

By using the remainder theorem, determine the remainder when 3x3 − x2 − 20x + 5 is divided by (x + 4). ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

10. Is (x + 1) a factor of f(x) = x3+ 2x2 - 5x - 6? ( ) ( ( ) ) ( ) ( )

11. Find the remainder R by long division and by the remainder theorem for (2x4 - 10x2 + 30x - 60) ÷ (x + 4)

x+4 ( )

2x4 + 0x3 - 10x2 + 30x - 60

( ) ( ) ( )
( )

12. Find the remainder using the remainder theorem (x4 - 5x3 + x2 - 2x + 6) ÷ (x + 4) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

13. Use the factor theorem to decide if (x - 2) is a factor of f(x) = x5 - 2x4 + 3x3 - 6x2 - 4x + 8. ( ) ( ( ) ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

14. Determine whether (

is a zero (root) of the function f(x) = 2x3 + 3x2 - 8x – 12 ) ( ) ( ) has a factor of ( ) and ( ). ( ) ( )

15. Polynomial ( ) (a) Find the value of a and b The factor theorem says that: ( ) Let ( ) ( ) ( ) , then ( ) ( ) . ( )

…………(1) Let ( ) ( , then ) ( ) . ( )

…………(2) Substitute (1) into (2) ( )

Then substitute (

)

into equation (1)

Therefore, (b) Factorise ( ) completely ( )

.

Factorise the polynomial above by using synthetic method. 2 -1/2 2 2 2 Since ( ( ) ( )( 1 4 5 -1 4 -2 10 8 -2 6 -13 16 3 -3 0 -6 6 0

) cannot be factorise then )( ). Then, factorise ( )

16. Show that ( ) is a factor for completely. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) -2 2 -3 -4 2 ( ) ( divided by ( ( ) ( ) ( ) -7 )( -11 14 3 ) 6 -6 0 ( )(

)(

)

17. If

), remainder is -4. Find the value of . ( ) ( ) ( )

18. Find the constant value of , if ( Then, factorise ( ) completely.
( ( ) )

) is a factor for ( )

.

(

)

(

)

( )

(

)(

)(

)

19. Solve the following equations :
(a)

(

)(

)(

)

(b)

(

)(

)(

)

(c)

(

)(

)(

)

(d)

(e)

21. Use the factor theorem to show that the following are factors, and hence fully factorise. (x – 3) is a factor of x3 – 3x2 – 4x + 12 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( )

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