Biofuel in Brazil

Jose Robert Moreira JICA Expert

Jose Robert Moreira 2 .Brazilian Bio-fuel Today Source .

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Jose Robert Moreira 5 .Profile of Automobile Fleet in Brazil 20102019 Gasoline Ethanol Flexfuel Source .

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7 million ha. Investments of US$ 20.0 billion in 89 plants Increase in alcohol production in 2010 relative to 2005: 11 million m3 Expansion of sugar cane area: 3 million ha Brazil (Total area): 851 Potential agricultural area: 383 Availability for agriculture expansion: 91 Present area used for alcohol and electricity: 3 (million ha) Source .Sugar cane Agro-Industry Investment for alcohol production No. of Mills: 313 Production: 16 million m3 Installed capacity: 18 million m3 Cultivated area for alcohol: 2. Jose Robert Moreira 8 .

FOOD VERSUS FUEL Source . Jose Robert Moreira 9 .

htm Source .FAO´s sugarcane potentials SI: suitability index http://www.org/ag/AGL/agll/gaez/ds/ds. Jose Robert Moreira 10 .fao.

Jose Robert Moreira 11 BIOETHANOL .BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK MAIN FEEDSTOCK Palm Oil Rapeseed Oil Maize BIOOIL BIODIESEL BIOETHANOL Sugar cane Coconut Jatropha curcas Aleurites molucana UNDER DEVELOPMENT BIOOIL BIODIESEL Micro algae Sweet sorghum Sugar beet Sorghum Cassava Source .

-Oil . Derivat.-Oil .Indonesia Within 10years Accumulated Subsidy for Fuel is US$100bil >>Less Bio-fuel Cummulative Overprice Paied by Liquid Fuels Consumers Due Gasoline Displaced by Ethanol 40000 35000 Brazil Within 30years Accumulated Subsidy for Fuel is US$35bil 30000 2003 US$ Million 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 04 Cunmmulative Overprice Hydrated Alc. Prod. Derivat. Brazil Source . Brazil Cunmmulative Overprice (Hydrated+Anhydrous) Alc .Oil derivat. Jose Robert Moreira Year 12 . Prod. Brazil Cunmmulative Overprice Anhydrous Alc. Prod.

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