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.................................. water flows down from the top reservoir........................................................................... Top reservoir To turn the turbine....5 × 108 N and the output 11 .......... ............. To generate electricity................................................... .................................... (ii) What energy form is this transformed into in order to drive the turbine? ...............10............. ................... the turbine is connected to generators........................................................................................................... A certain power station generates electricity from falling water................ (2) (c) The force of the water at the turbine is 3..................................... The diagram shows a simplified sketch of the system................................... (a) (i) In what form is the energy of the water initially stored? ............................ The water can also be pumped back up Bottom reservoir Turbine.................. (1) (b) State the principal of conservation of energy.............................

after which the water is pumped back to the top reservoir....................... ..... Use this data to calculate the minimum speed at which the water must enter the turbine............ ................................................................... .................. The water has to be raised by 500 m.............................. For how long will electricity be generated? ...................................7 × 109 W........................................................................................................... (3) (Total 10 marks) 12 ........................................... The top reservoir holds 7....0 × 106 m3 of water........................................................ (1) (e) When working at this output power......... ............. in practice.. 390 m3 of water flows through the turbine each second................................................................................................................................................................ the speed at which the water enters the turbine is much greater than this...........power generated is 1...........) Work done =........................................... Time =......................... ....... .................................................................... (2) (d) Explain why............... (f) (1) This power station is used at peak periods............................................................................................................... How much work is done to return all the water to the top reservoir? (The density of water is 1000 kg m–3.......

........... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 ms-2 (a) stationary ............................................................................................................. (b) Accelerating upwards at 1.......................................................................... .............................. Calculate the tension in the cable when the lift is: Take g = 9.......................... .........5 ms-2 13 ................................................................................................................................. ........................................11A lift of mass 600 kg carries a passenger of mass 100 kg.....................................................................................0 ms-2 ........ ..................... .... (c) Moving upwards but slowing down at 2.... .............................

.................................................. ............................................................................................................ (e) Moving downwards but slowing down at 3......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (d) Accelerating downwards at 2........................................... Total marks (10) Total Marks: 80 The End 14 ................0 ms-2 .................................................. ................................................................ . ................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................. ..................................... .......... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................0 ms-2............................ ..................................................................................................................................................

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