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Rem Koolhaas at the 2 Moscow Biennale of Architecture, 2010 Born Remment Lucas Koolhaas 17 November 1944 Rotterdam, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch Alma mater Architectural Association School of Architecture, Cornell University Awards Pritzker Prize (2000) Praemium Imperiale (2003) Royal Gold Medal (2004) Office for Metropolitan Architecture Casa da Música in Porto Seattle Central Library Netherlands Embassy Berlin China Central Television Headquarters Volume Magazine
Remment Lucas "Rem" Koolhaas (/ˈrɛmHelp:IPA for English#Keyˈkɔːlhɑːs/; born 17 November 1944) is a Dutch architect, architectural theorist, urbanist and Professor in Practice of Architecture and Urban Design at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University. Koolhaas studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London and at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Koolhaas is the founding partner of OMA, and of its research-oriented counterpart AMO, currently based in Rotterdam, Netherlands. In 2005 he co-founded Volume Magazine together with Mark Wigley and Ole Bouman. In 2000 Rem Koolhaas won the Pritzker Prize. In 2008 Time put him in their top 100 of The World's Most Influential People.
Early life and career
Remment Koolhaas, usually abbreviated to Rem Koolhaas, was born on 17 November 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands to Anton Koolhaas (1912–1992) and Selinde Pietertje Roosenburg (born 1920). His father was a novelist, critic, and screenwriter. Two documentary films by Bert Haanstra for which his father wrote the scenarios were nominated for an Academy Award for Documentary Feature, one won a Golden Bear for Short Film. His maternal grandfather, Dirk Roosenburg (1887–1962), was a modernist architect. His grandfather had worked for Hendrik Petrus Berlage, before he opened his own practice. Rem Koolhaas has a brother, Thomas, and a sister, Annabel. The family lived consecutively in Rotterdam (until 1946), Amsterdam (1946–1952), Jakarta (1952–1955), and Amsterdam (from 1955).
Koolhaas first came to public and critical attention with OMA (The Office for Metropolitan Architecture). He then was a journalist for the Haagse Post before starting studies. and later wrote an unproduced script for American soft-porn king Russ Meyer. was their contribution to the Venice Biennale of 1980. Paris (1982) and the residence for the President of Ireland (1981). Zaha Hadid . New York. he was invited over to run a cultural programme for three years and the family moved to Jakarta in 1952. directed by Peter Eisenman. and the OMA scheme was the only modernist scheme among them. The first large project by OMA to be built was the Kunsthal in Rotterdam (1992). In October 2008 Rem Koolhaas was invited for a European "group of the wise" under the chairmanship of former Spanish prime minister Felipe González to help 'design' the future European Union. Rem Koolhaas was commissioned to develop 111 First Street in Jersey City across the Hudson River from Manhattan. the office he founded in 1975 together with architects Elia Zenghelis. An early work which would mark their difference from the then dominant postmodern classicism of the late 1970s." In 1969 Koolhaas co-wrote The White Slave. Each architect had to design a stage-like "frontage" to a Potemkin-type internal street. In September 2006. Other early critically received (yet unbuilt) projects included the Parc de la Villette. They were later joined by one Library model. 2 . in architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. Zoe Zenghelis and (Koolhaas's Rem Koolhaas inspecting the Seattle Central wife) Madelon Vriesendorp in London. followed by studies at the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York City. followed. in 1968. titled "Presence of the Past". When the war of independence was won. These schemes would attempt to put into practice many of the findings Koolhaas made in his book Delirious New York (1978). by further studies with O. which was written while he was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York. Mathias Ungers at Cornell University in Ithaca.Rem Koolhaas His father strongly supported the Indonesian cause for autonomy from the colonial Dutch in his writing. curated by Italian architect Paolo Portoghesi." Koolhaas recalls. "and I really lived as an Asian. a Dutch film noir. 2005 of Koolhaas's students. former European Commissioner Mario Monti and former president of Poland Lech Wałęsa. "It was a very important age for me.who would soon go on to achieve success in her own right. Other members include Nokia chairman Jorma Ollila. working with real estate developer Louis Dubin. in 1972.
The notion of the Program involves "an act to edit function and human activities" as the pretext of architectural design: epitomised in the maxim Form follows function. detail) no longer apply when a building acquires Bigness.L. A key aspect of architecture that Koolhaas interrogates is the "Program": with the rise of modernism in the 20th century the "Program" became the key theme of architectural design. The layout of the huge book transformed architectural publishing. manifestos. the city and the street are things of the past: “Relief … it’s over.”(Anna Klingmann). and meditations on the contemporary city.L. architecture. Koolhaas (unsuccessfully) proposed the inclusion of hospital units for the homeless into the Seattle Public Library project (2003). USA.M. Jennifer Sigler. two centres for commerce and trade. We can leave the theatre now. titled "The Generic City".XL gives a record of the actual implementation of "Manhattanism" throughout the various (mostly un-) realized projects and texts OMA had generated up to that time. and such books—full-colour graphics and dense texts—have since become common.. The city is no longer. in his analysis of high-rise architecture in Manhattan. first popularised by architect Louis Sullivan at the beginning of the 20th century. In another essay in the book. scale.M.Rem Koolhaas 3 Theoretical position Delirious New York Delirious New York set the pace for Koolhaas's career. The notion was first questioned in Delirious New York. travelogues. and Hans Werlemann (1995). fiction. three auditoria and an exhibition space). introducing unexpected functions in room programmes. As Koolhaas himself has acknowledged.XL. That is the story of the city.defined the city as a collection of “red hot spots.M. in particular "Bigness": 'old' architectural principles (composition. OMA sited a train station. such as running tracks in skyscrapers. diaries. and 'Congrexpo' (a contemporary Grand Palais with a large concert hall.. More recently. identity. an urban park. Koolhaas celebrates the "chance-like" nature of city life: "The City is an addictive machine from which there is no escape" "Rem Koolhaas. S.L. The part lexicon-type layout (with a marginal "dictionary" composed by Jennifer Sigler. a new centre for the city of Lille in France. This was demonstrated in OMA's scheme for the development of "Euralille" (1990–94). An early design method derived from such thinking was "cross-programming". a city returned to prominence by its position on the new rail route from Paris to London via the Channel Tunnel.. S.XL The next landmark publication by Koolhaas was Seattle Central Library Seattle. a 1376-page tome combining essays. who also edited the book) spawned a number of concepts that have become common in later architectural theory. together with Bruce Mau.” .. designed by OMA S. Koolhaas declares that progress. this approach had already been evident in the Japanese Metabolist Movement in the 1960s and early 1970s. proportion. Ostensibly.
which the authors argue are highly functional despite a lack of infrastructure. sprawling conglomerates such as Lagos in Nigeria. a plan to save Cambridge from Harvard by rechanneling the Charles River. money etc. a 544-page magazine-style book designed by &&& Creative and published by Koolhaas. often used to symbolise and landmark such government enterprises. For example. but instead designed a series of volumes which not only tie together the numerous departments onto the nebulous site. shape. size. He is heading the think tank ever since with Reinier de Graaf. the Seattle Public Library. Koolhaas did not opt for the stereotypical skyscraper. AMO In the late nineties. All three books involved Koolhaas's students analysing what others would regard as "non-cities". Koolhaas continuously incorporates his observations of the contemporary city within his design activities: calling such a condition the ‘culture of congestion’. Lagos' future as Earth's third-biggest town.as if Western capitalism and Koolhaas's design won the Architekturpreis Berlin in 2003 and the globalization demolish all cultural identity . It led Rem Koolhaas and the Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) to create a new company. Germany.highlighted Mies van der Rohe Award for European Architecture in 2005. AMO. In 2003 Content. however fleeting it may be. in the notion expounded in the books that "In the end. west Africa. firstly the 720-page Mutations. allowing them some degree of access to the production procedure. opened in 2004. such cynicism can alternatively be read as a "realism" about the transformation of cultural life.Rem Koolhaas 4 Project on the city Koolhaas's next landmark publications were a product of his position as professor at Harvard University. Again. Critics of the books have criticised Koolhaas Netherlands Embassy in Berlin. Through his ruthlessly raw approach. a criterion involving variables with debatable credibility: density. newness. exclusively dedicated to the investigation and performance in this realm. followed by The Harvard Design School Guide to Shopping (2002) and The Great Leap Forward (2002). However. The authors also examine the influence of shopping habits and the recent rapid growth of cities in China. where airports and even museums (due to finance problems) rely just as much on operating gift shops. Koolhaas hopes to extract the architect from the anxiety of a dead profession and resurrect a contemporary interpretation of the sublime. When it comes to transforming these observations into practice. OMA was first exposed to the full pace of change that engulfed the world of media and with it the increasing importance of the virtual domain. Koolhaas mobilizes what he regards as the omnipotent forces of urbanism into unique design forms and connections organised along the lines of present day society. there will be little else for us to do but shop". the concept of cross-programming) for the general public through the site. gives an overview of the last decade of OMA projects including his designs for the Prada shops. as well as interviews with Martha Stewart and Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown. for being cynical . . but also introduced routes (again. while working on the design for the new headquarters for Universal (currently Vivendi). whilst the unregulated taste and densification of Chinese cities is analysed according to "performance". in his design for the new CCTV headquarters in Beijing (2009). in the design school's "Project on the City". shopping is examined for "intellectual comfort".
There was initially some uproar caused. Volume Magazine . broader attitudes to social structures. Koolhaas and his think-tank AMO – an independent part of OMA – suggested the development of a visual language. Prada. The logo has already been used for the EU information campaign which will also be continued during the Austrian EU Presidency. USA .the collaborative project by Archis (Amsterdam). Romano Prodi and the Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt invited Koolhaas to discuss the necessities and requirements of a European capital. colourful symbol. AMO Rotterdam and C-lab (Columbia University NY) . In 2004. as if emphasizing the premises as a cultural institution. rather than covering done deals.is a dynamic experimental think tank devoted to the process of spatial and cultural reflexivity. Beverly Hills. Originally. The notion of selling a brand rather than marketing clothes was further emphasised in the Prada store in New York. new Member States of the EU can be added without space constraints. The barcode seeks to unite the flags of the EU member countries into a single. European Flag proposal Following the signing of Treaties of Nice in May 2001. the central space of Koolhaas' Beverly Hills Prada store is occupied by a massive central staircase. During the Austrian EU Presidency 2006 it was officially used for the first time. as the stripes of the flag of Estonia were displayed incorrectly. In the current European flag. which had previously been owned by the Guggenheim: the museum signs were not removed during the outfitting of the new store. Koolhaas ventured into providing architecture for the fleeting world of fashion and with celebrity-studded cachet: not unlike Garnier's Opera. fashion. including the "Barcode". In the barcode however. Architecture. Since the time of the first drafts of the barcode it has very rarely been officially used by commercial or political institutions. is proactive and even pre-emptive . the symbol was adapted to include the ten new Member States.Rem Koolhaas 5 Volume Magazine In 2005 Rem Koolhaas co-founded Volume Magazine together with Mark Wigley and Ole Bouman. It goes beyond architecture’s definition of ‘making buildings’ and reaches out for global views on architecture and design. During these talks and as an impetus for further discussion. but mainly the shoppers themselves. which made Brussels the de facto capital of the European Union. This idea inspired a series of European Flag proposal drawings and drafts. and theatre With his Prada projects. The magazine stands for a journalism which detects and anticipates. and creating environments to live in. the barcode displayed 15 EU countries. there is a fixed number of stars.a journalism which uncovers potentialities. ostensibly displaying select wares. the then President of the European Commission.
the Cordoba Congress Centre in Spain. the redevelopment of the Mercati Generali in Rome. Koolhaas was behind another remodeling project on the other side of town. an architectural centre.) Other projects in development include the new Shenzhen Stock Exchange and a lush residential tower and residential masterplan in Singapore. It is also working on various masterplans in the Netherlands and Belgium and shopping centres in Rotterdam and Ostrava. offices and housing in Copenhagen. The partner Ole Scheeren left OMA in March 2010 to start his own practice.Rem Koolhaas 6 Prior to his Prada project in New York. North America (OMA*AMO Architecture PC New York) and Asia (OMA Beijing). Reinier de Graaf. China. Partners next to him are Ellen van Loon. 21st Century Office As of 21:44.000 m2 China Central Television Headquarters (CCTV) and Television Cultural Center (TVCC). Second Stage Theatre. OMA New York: the office in Manhattan Koolhaas is leading by Shohei Shigematsu is now designing an extension of Cornell University (NY). Koolhaas redesigned a 1929 bank and transformed it into a one-of-a-kind. a high rise residential building and hotel in Jersey City (NJ) and a high end residential tower with CAA screening room at One Madison Park in NYC. and the new building for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. With his Rotterdam office Koolhaas is also designing a science center for Hamburg’s Hafencity. OMA Rotterdam: the head office is working on a master plan for the White City area of London. USA RecentlyWikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers#Chronological items he has changed the organization of his office to a partnership. the new head office of Rothschild Bank in London and multi-use towers in Rotterdam and The Hague. the equivalent of the NASDAQ in China. a harbour redevelopment and contemporary art Museum in Riga. 111 First Street. . (However. 296 seat. the 575. In addition the Rotterdam office has a number of activities in the Middle East including office and residential towers and master plans in Dubai. 2013 (UTC) At the moment Koolhaas' constructions sites are in China: the massive Central China Television Headquarters Building in Beijing. New York. Shohei Shigematsu and managing partner Victor van der Chijs. three master plans in Ras -Al-Khaimah and several public buildings in Qatar. Koolhaas is working with his team on the office’s largest project to date. Thursday April 11. currently under construction in Beijing and due for completion in 2008. performance space for Second Stage Theatre. OMA Beijing: In Asia. the TVCC was damaged by an enormous fire in 2009. Koolhaas now heads offices in Europe (OMA*AMO Rotterdam).
Any architectural project we do takes at least four or five years. Chicago. around whatever subject. But the generic city.XL has one beautiful ambiguity: it used the past to build a future and is very adamant about giving notice that this is not the end. and just the fact that it occurs in such enormous quantities must mean that it's habitable.M. and an announcement that continuity of thinking in whatever form. 1991) • Nexus Housing (Fukuoka. More and more I think that architecture has nothing to do with it. the bubbles of certainty are constantly exploding. 1988) • Netherlands Dance Theater (The Hague. We all complain that we are confronted by urban environments that are completely similar. 1991) • Kunsthal (Rotterdam. maybe in truth these cities that we have are desired. a critic to current mode of urbanization: "People can inhabit anything. in whatever form. is happening everywhere. 1993) • Educatorium (Utrecht. July 1996 • Asked if there is a certain contribution he aspires to make: "It's very simple and it has nothing to do with identifiable goals. That's how it felt to me.L. 1999) • Guggenheim Hermitage Museum (Las Vegas. so increasingly there is a discrepancy between the acceleration of culture and the continuing slowness of architecture. quality. Architecture can't do anything that the culture doesn't. 1980. identity. That is in itself evidence of a kind of discomfort with achievement measured in terms of identifiable entities. USA . And they can be miserable in anything and ecstatic in anything. We say we want to create beauty. is the real ambition. that's both liberating and alarming. Maybe their very characterlessness provides the best context for living." —interview in Wired 4. It is to keep thinking about what architecture can be. IIT (Chicago.Rem Koolhaas 7 Quotes • Noting that architecture can no longer keep up with the world: "The areas of consensus shift unbelievably fast. singularity. 1998) • Second Stage Theatre (New York City. 1993–1997) • Maison à Bordeaux  (Bordeaux. anyway.07. Of course. 1988) • Villa dall’Ava  (Saint-Cloud. 2000 Awards • • • • • • Pritzker Prize (2000) Chevalier de Légion d'honneur (2001) Praemium Imperiale (2003) Royal Gold Medal (2004) Doctor honoris causa by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (2007) Golden Lion of the Venice Biennale of Architecture for lifetime achievement (2010) Selected projects • Lille Grand Palais (Lille." —interview in Iconeye . That is an answer. Los Angeles: 2004) McCormick Tribune Campus Center. 2002?) • McCormick Tribune Campus Center. And yet. 1997–2003) • Netherlands Embassy Berlin (2003) • Retail design for Prada stores (New York: 2003. the general urban condition. 2004 • Reference to the article 'Generic city'." —Interview with Jennifer Sigler in Index Magazine. isn't it? I think that S.
(Cornell. 2010) De Rotterdam.XL (1995) ISBN 978-1-885254-86-3 Serpentine Gallery: 24 Hour Interview Marathon (2007) ISBN 978-1-904563-69-3 Living Vivre Leben (1998) Content (2004) ISBN 978-3-8228-3070-3 Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2006. 2004) • Casa da Música (Porto. (Mexico City. (Dallas. (London.MACCOC. Texas. 2012 . 2004–2009) • Milstein Hall. 2007. 2009–2013) Taipei Performing Arts Centre. USA CCTV Headquarters Rem Koolhaas (OMA) Beijing. 2004) • The Children’s Centre. Córdoba. 2006–2009)  • CCTV HQ (Beijing. Portugal Dutch Embassy Rem Koolhaas Berlin. 2001–2005) • Serpentine Gallery Pavilion.?) 8 Casa da Música. Porto.Rem Koolhaas • Seattle Central Library (Seattle. Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König. St. 2004–2009) • Riga Port City. (Riga. Metabolism Talks.M. Swithin's Lane (London.L. 2009) • 23 East 22nd Street. Portugal Bibliography • • • • • • • Project Japan. unbuilt) New Court. (2011) (with Hans Ulrich Obrist) ISBN 978-3-8365-2508-4 Delirious New York: A Retroactive Manifesto of Manhattan (1978) ISBN 978-1-885254-00-9 S. Leeum. Samsung Museum of Art (Seoul. (Rotterdam. (Copenhagen. Germany . (New York City. (Taipei. (Cetinje. China Casa da Música Rem Koolhaas Porto. 2008–2010) • • • • • Torre Bicentenario (Bicentennial Tower). Köln. 2012-2015) Marina Abramović Community Centre Obod Cetinje . Spain • Seoul National University Museum of Art (Seoul.. 2006) • Córdoba International Congress Center (Palacio del Sur). (Shenzhen. 2003–2005)  • Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre.. Germany 2008 ISBN 978-3-86560-393-7 Gallery McCormick Tribune Campus Center Rem Koolhaas Chicago. 2008–2010) • Bryghusprojektet. 2006) • Shenzhen Stock Exchange.
Mihai Craciun.Rem Koolhaas 9 Seattle Central Library Rem Koolhaas Seattle. Taschen. iconeye. html)  Article in Irish newspaper Irish Times 16 October 2008 (http:/ / www.facebook.gsd. Bordeaux. 07/ koolhaas. The Great Leap Forward. The Monacelli Press. 2002  Rem Koolhaas. Mit Press. 1994 (2nd edition 1997)  Rem Koolhaas. New York. June 2004 (http:/ / www. Retrieved 2011-11-04  http:/ / www. 1978.  Rem Koolhaas. Stefano Boeri.The Brewery Site Project (http:/ / www. com/ seoul/ play/ seouls-best-museums-060516) 27 October 2011. Bernard Chang.html) . London. com/ index. Katherine Orff. New York. com/ index.com/en/company/oma) Rem Koolhaas (http://www. New York. republished.com/name/nm0465549/) at the Internet Movie Database Rem Koolhaas lecture at the Canadian Centre for Architecture: June 8th. php?option=com_content& view=article& id=2715:rem-koolhaas--icon-013--june-2004  Icon 013. Harvard Design School Project on the City. blogspot. com/ 2008/ 09/ 15/ 23-east-22nd-street-by-oma/ )  Bryghusprojektet . iconeye. shtml)  http:/ / whatwedoissecret. Arc en rêve centre d’architecture. The Monacelli Press. 2002  Rem Koolhaas. com/ wired/ archive/ 4. Taschen. wired. A: Brandscapes: Architecture in the Experience Economy. dk/ English. New York.wordpress.eu/) OMA official Facebook page (http://www.harvard. ISBN 84-95273-51-9.587436. snumoa. Nancy Lin.qc.AMO) (updated daily) OMA official Vimeo channel (http://www. Hans Werlemann and Bruce Mau.imdb. 2007  Rem Koolhaas. and Sze Tsung Leong. Chuihua Judy Chung.edu/people/faculty/koolhaas/) at Harvard University Rem Koolhaas (http://www. alabonfire. Jeffrey Inaba.  http:/ / www. Sanford Kwinter. The Harvard Design School Guide to Shopping. 2007 (http://cca. com/ #111875876221998436  CNN Go Seoul's best museums (http:/ / www.vimeo. and Nadia Tazi. 2001.com/user3599775) OMA portfolio on Archello. cnngo. Mutations. edu/  23 East 22nd Street by OMA (http:/ / www.com (http://www. 1994)  Article in German newspaper Der Spiegel 30 October 2008 (http:/ / www. 2004.XL. php?option=com_content& view=article& id=2715:rem-koolhaas--icon-013--june-2004)  From Bauhaus to Koolhaas (http:/ / www. 2000 (http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 01/ villa-dallava/  http:/ / storiesofhouses. Rem Koolhaas. Harvard Design School Project on the City 2. Netherlands References  Rem Koolhaas. com/ ) External links • • • • • • • Office for Metropolitan Architecture (http://www. Netherlands Street toilet Rem Koolhaas (OMA) and Erwin Olaf Groningen.00.archello. Taschen. USA Kunsthal Rotterdam Rem Koolhaas (OMA) Rotterdam. de/ international/ europe/ 0. Netherlands Bus stop Rem Koolhaas (1990) Groningen. Yuyang Liu. html)  Klingmann.ca/en/ education-and-events/71-urgency-2007-rem-koolhaas-and-peter-eisenman) • On Starchitecture (http://klaustoon.M.1518. irishtimes. Hans Ulrich Obrist. cornell.com/OMA. aspx)  official site in Spanish (http:/ / torrebicentenario. com/ newspaper/ world/ 2008/ 1016/ 1224069691230. S. and Stephanie Smith. com/ interviews/ rem_koolhaas. dezeen. 2003  Anette Baldauf. in Learning from Calvin Klein. html)  Rem Koolhaas. Umbau 21.com/2009/04/23/on-starchitecture. "Branded". Daniela Fabricius. spiegel. Delirious New York: A retroactive Manifesto for Manhattan (Academy Editions. indexmagazine.L.oma. org/  http:/ / milsteinhall. bryghusprojektet. Content.
com/2009/04/09/ koolhaas-at-harvard-ecological-urbanism-i.com/6002699/ rem-koolhaas-kind-architect-full-film.wordpress.html) 10 .babelgum.html) • Rem Koolhaas: A Kind of Architect (2008 Feature Documentary) (http://www.Rem Koolhaas • Koolhaas at Harvard's Ecological Urbanism (http://klaustoon.
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