# PROBLEM 1.

65
KNOWN: Conditions associated with surface cooling of plate glass which is initially at 600°C. Maximum allowable temperature gradient in the glass. FIND: Lowest allowable air temperature, T∞ SCHEMATIC:

ASSUMPTIONS: (1) Surface of glass exchanges radiation with large surroundings at Tsur = T∞, (2) One-dimensional conduction in the x-direction. ANALYSIS: The maximum temperature gradient will exist at the surface of the glass and at the instant that cooling is initiated. From the surface energy balance, Eq. 1.12, and the rate equations, Eqs. 1.1, 1.3a and 1.7, it follows that

-k

dT 4 − T4 = 0 − h ( Ts − T∞ ) − εσ Ts sur dx

(

)

or, with (dT/dx)max = -15°C/mm = -15,000°C/m and Tsur = T∞,

DC ⎤ W ⎡ W −1.4 ⎢ −15, 000 ⎥ = 5 (873 − T∞ ) K 2 m⋅K ⎢ m⎥ m ⋅K ⎣ ⎦

+0.8 × 5.67 × 10−8

⎢ m2 ⋅ K 4 ⎣

W

⎡8734 − T 4 ⎤ K 4 . ∞⎥ ⎦

T∞ may be obtained from a trial-and-error solution, from which it follows that, for T∞ = 618K,

W W W 21,000 2 ≈ 1275 2 + 19,730 2 . m m m
Hence the lowest allowable air temperature is

T∞ ≈ 618K = 345D C.
COMMENTS: (1) Initially, cooling is determined primarily by radiation effects. (2) For fixed T∞, the surface temperature gradient would decrease with increasing time into the

<

cooling process. Accordingly, T∞ could be decreasing with increasing time and still keep within the maximum allowable temperature gradient.

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