ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES

…in

THAILAND

Table of Contents
 Solar Energy  Wind Energy  Hydroelectricity  Natural Gas  Gasohol

Solar Energy

Description:
 Solar energy is the energy received by earth from the sun.

How it works:
 Solar energy is achieved by collecting sunlight and

converting it into thermal or electrical energy on earth.

Applications: solar-powered cars/calculators/etc. , used in
home appliances such as solar cookers or solar water heaters

Advantages: sunlight is free, unlimited, nonpolluting,
versatile/functional, requires less maintenance, long-lasting

Disadvantages: intermittent, inefficient, expensive
installation, takes up a lot of space, difficult to store

Places it’s being used: mostly found in northern and northeastern Thailand; used on rooftop of the house

At the Lopburi solar farm in central Thailand, more than 500,000 thin-film solar photovoltaic panels never used on this scale previously in Thailand will supply clean energy to 300,000 people.

Wind Energy

Description: Wind energy is energy collected from motion
cause by winds.

How it works: Wind turns the blades of wind turbines, which
spin a shaft, which connects to a generator and makes electricity.

Applications: wind-powered
vehicles/sports/water pumps

Advantages: wind is free, clean, selfsufficient, prices won’t inflate

Disadvantages: the energy produced isn’t stable, degrading
to the landscape, generate noise, harmful to some flying animals

Places it’s being used: mostly found and used in
Southern Thailand & Northeastern Thailand

The wind power plant in Nakhon Ratchasima province can reduce the emission of green house gases up to 2,300 tons a year.

Hydro Electricity

Description: Hydroelectricity is produced by the use of
gravitational force of falling or flowing water

How it works: Dams hold flowing water and create
pressure so water can produce more electrical power

Applications: used to generate electricity for
home scale remote power systems

Advantages: water is free, long-lasting,
reliable, no fuel cost

Disadvantages: plants are expensive to build, dams harm the
environment

Places it’s being used: mostly found and used in Northern
and Northeastern Thailand

Hydropower today provides about 20% of the world’s electricity and is the main energy source for more than 30 countries.

Natural Gas

Description: Natural gas is a naturally occurring
hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting of methane, and other hydrocarbons

How it works: Burning natural gas causes it to release
energy needed to use

Applications: heating, cooking, transportation Advantages: safely stored, safely burned long endurance,
cost less

Disadvantages: highly flammable, limited availability,
leaking cause serious explosions Places it’s being used: found in Gulf of Thailand, used in the NGV station all over Thailand

Natural gas supplies about one-third of Thailand’s energy demand.

Gasohol

Description: Gasohol is a mixture of alcohol and gasoline. How it works: Gasohol powers cars through combustion. Applications: used as fuel in internal combustion machines Advantages: reduce air consumption and air pollution from
vehicle exhaust

Disadvantages: low boiling points, requires more fuel than
gasoline

Places it’s being used: found and used all over Thailand

Gasohol is typically cheaper than petroleum as it is cheaper to manufacture.

And we have to thanks to our beloved King Bhumibol, that plays a major role in Thai alternative energy sources such as the developing of gasohol in Thailand

Credits:
Information by : Seungbum Sheen 8D PowerPoint by : Siyang Wang 8D Presentation by: Bhume Sudsawad 8D

Sources: http://www.dede.go.th/dede/
Wikipedia, Google, Google Images

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