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ER App Deadliest Dis Info

ER App Deadliest Dis Info

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Published by: murphman on Apr 12, 2013
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04/12/2013

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TACKLING THE DEADLIEST DISEASES FOR THE WORLD’S POOREST CHILDREN

In the past decade, global investments have led to great progress toward improving the health of children in developing countries. Yet, pneumonia and diarrhea still cause nearly one-third of all child deaths.

Leading Killers Of Kids
THE REALITY
2000 1.8 million 1.7 million 1.2 million 760,000
500K 1.0m 1.5m 2.0m

Nearly

pneumonia and diarrhea occur in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

90 percent

of child deaths due to

2011
0.0
2000: 2011:

1.8 million deaths from pneumonia and 1.2 million deaths from pneumonia and

1.7 million deaths from diarrhea 760,000 deaths from diarrhea

Pneumonia is a serious respiratory infection that takes the lives of more children in the developing world than any other condition.

Pneumonia
Treating and preventing pneumonia e ectively requires a health care provider, early diagnosis, and access to: Antibiotics, like amoxicillin, which cost less than US$1 per dose, for treatment Clean cook stoves, which improve air quality, for prevention

THE SOLUTION

Overlapping protection
Preventing both conditions requires: Exclusive breastfeeding Vaccines, including those for pneumococcal disease and rotavirus Handwashing with soap Safe drinking water

Basic sanitation

Adequate nutrition

Diarrheal disease is the most common illness among children in the developing world and can lead to dehydration and death.

Diarrhea
Treating diarrhea e ectively requires a health care provider, early diagnosis, and community-level access to:

Oral rehydration salts, which cost less than US$1 per dose

Zinc supplements, which cost less than US$1 per dose

THE OPPORTUNITY

Controlling pneumonia and diarrhea should be a global priority and tackled simultaneously to achieve the greatest impact

By 2015
More than 2 million children can be saved by 2015, if access to cost-e ective interventions for pneumonia and diarrhea continues to improve in the poorest communities around the world. To ensure that children everywhere can one day raise healthy families of their own and build thriving communities, governments and multilateral agencies must continue to increase support for a package of lifesaving tools and services.

FIRST YEAR

SECOND YEAR

THIRD YEAR

FOURTH YEAR

FIFTH YEAR

BEYOND

2 million children can be saved
Exclusive breastfeeding Adequate nutrition Vaccines Antibiotics Handwashing with soap Clean cook stoves Safe drinking water Basic sanitation

Oral rehydration salts and zinc supplements

Sources: Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group, Every Woman Every Child, United Nations Children’s Fund, and World Health Organization

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