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..

7
7
/ .. , .. .
.: , 2003

. 1. -1.
1. , D , ..
.

2.

, D , ..
F.

3.
M
B

C
A

D
2

4.

C
A
D

N D.
. 1. -2.
1.1. , 3 .

1.2. 6 : AOB, BOC, AOC,


, 360.

1.3.
B
C
A

2.

M
N

. 1. -3.
1.

DB = DE BE, a AB = AC B, .. BE = BC,
DB = DE BE, a AB = AC BE, .. DE > AB, DB > AB
2.
AOC = 180 DOC, BOD = 180 AOD, ..
DOC = AOB, AOC = BOD

. 1. -4.
1. N,
MK = MN + NK = 84 + 1,15 = 8,5 + 11,5 = 20
N, .. NK > MN
KM = KN MN = 11,5 8,5 = 3
m
M
N

2. 1.
1) COB = AOB AOC = 45
2) COB < 90, COB
3) .. AOC = COB, AOB

A
C'

450 450
B
O

2.
A
C'

450 450
B
O
1) COB = AOB + AOC = 135
2) COB < 180 COB > 90, COB
3) .. OC O, AOB
. 1. -5.
1. x, 4x.
, 180.
: 4x + x = 180, 5x = 180, x = 36.
36, 4 36 = 144.

1440

360

2.

3 = 1, .. , 3 = 40.
.. 2 + 3 = 90, 2 = 50.
.. 4 ,
4 = 90.
. 1. -6.
1. .. = , ,
= = 45.

B
8

2.

() = + + , (D) = AB + BD + DA,
BD = DC, a CA = CD + AD,
() = + + D + DA, P(ABD) = AB + DC + DA,
.. > 0, P(ABC) > P(ABD).
. 1. -7.
1.

.. BD = BO + OD AC = AO + OC BD = AC,
OC + OA = OB + OD, OC = OB, OA = OD,
BOA = COD, .. .
: = , = DO, BOA = COD,
= DOC 1- .

2.

.. 1 = 2, = , .. = ,
A = 1- , ,
= .
. 1. -8.
1. . ADC.
B

A
h

O
C

10

.. = , .
, ,
,
= 2 = 81.
, FEC = 90.
. 1. -9.
1.

.. = , = , = 2-
.

11

2.

D , D = D 3- ,
, D = CBD, D .
.1. -10.
= 111 3- , = 11
= 111 , DCB = D1C1B1 1-
, .. DC = D1C1 .
B1

A1

D1

C1

. 1. -11.
1.
, , , OD , , .
= D 3- , .. AB = CD .
12

2.


.
.

O
a
a

. 1. -12.
1. .
, .

F. 1 MON,
F.
, 2-
3- , .

13

N
O

C
2.

.
.
1-
. .
.
:

1 -24.2.

. 1. -13
1.
1) 1 = 3. . ..
2) 1 = 4. . ..
3) 1 + 2 = 180. . ..
4) 5 = 6 = 90 . . . 3.

14

2.

= DCE, .. = D. || D,
.. D .
. 1. -14.
1. ,
.
,
. .
,
. ,
, .

15

a
B
A

2.

|| b, .. 180. .. d
b, .
, . .
. 1. -15.
1. x, 3x.
3x + x = 4x = 180, , x = 45. : 45 135.

16

3X

2. EF || CB, AEF = 90, .. EK ,


AEK = 45.
A
K

. 1. -16.
1.
a || b, .. , 2 = 130,
1 = 3 = 50.

17

2.
MA1K1 = MAK, .. A1B1 || AB,
MA1K1 = MAK, .. A1K1 AK .
AK A1K1 , .. , ..
.

. 1. -17.
1. , .. 6013 + 6948 + 58 = 1801 180.
2. x.
x 60 x 50. ..
, x = 2x 110, x = 110, : 50, 60,
70, .
18

X-50

. 1. -18.
1. ABC = MPK 1- . ..
, C > D
K > B.
B

A
P

M
19

2.

ABC ,
, , = 90.
B

. 1. -19.
1. , .. 6 , 2-
, .. .

6
3

2. AP 13 , 26 .
: .
B

1
A

12

20

. 1. -20.
1.
ADC = ADB + BDC = 90 BAD = 90, || D, ..
180.

2.

= 90 = 30. .. , 30
, b = 4 .
B

C
B1

. 1. -21.
1.
= ( ). = . =
, , = , = .
D D ,
, D = , , AD
.

21

. 1. -22.
1. b. .
, < AC, = , ..
, < AC.
2.
. = 5 , .. , 30,
. = 4.
. 1. -23.
1.
, , a
, ..
.

22

2. .
, QP.
,
QP.
.
QP .
. 1. -24.
1. .
. .
,
(. -12.1).
= . .

2.

,
. .
.
, ,
.
.

23

. 1. -25.
1. D.
,
D.
.
D .

B
B

2.

(. -24.2).
FAB (. -12.1).
,
2- .
. .
. , AF
(. -23.2). .

24

P
B
E

. 1. -26.
1. = 50, ..
, .
2. .. = D, || D, .
3. = ,
= = 80.
4. = , , < AO, ,
< AC.

25

. 2. -1.

1. , .. .
2., .. .
L

A
E

K
3. , .
4. (. .1.).
26

. 2. -2.
1.

1) 3
2) 6 : N, NOK, MOK 3 ,
360.
3)
A

K
M

27

2.
a)

) .
) D.
) EF.
B. 2. -3.
1.

= + , NL = NO + OL, .. = NO OK < OL,


EK > NL.

28

2.

LON = 180 MOL, MOK = 180 KON, ..


ON = MOL, LON = MO.
. 2. -4.
1. , = 5,7 + 730 = 10
= 100 . , = 730 5,7
= 16 .
a
C
5,7

730

2.
1) , =
60, , = 180.
2) , .. 60 < 90,
, .. 180.
3) , .. = = 60,
, .. .

29

A
C

C
O

. 2. -5.
1. , + 40, ..
, 2 + 40 = 180, = 70. : 70 110.

X+40
X

30

2.

2 = 180 1 = 50, 3 = 2 = 50, .. .


4 = 90 3 = 40.
. 2. -6.
1.
P

C
A

17

.. = MFB = , FB = AC = 17

31

2.

P(DFK) = DF + FK + DK, P(EFK) = EF + FK + DK = ED + DF + FK+


+ EK = DK + DF + FK + EK, .. > 0, P(DFK) < P(EFK).
. 2. -7.
1.

32

2.

D = D, .. , ,
D = D 1- , D = D.
. 2. -8.
1.
E
L
F

K
F .
EFK LFK.
33

2.

= = 90, =
. = , = 2 = 20 .
.. = , =

1
= 6515.
2

. 2. -9.
1.

.. , = , =
2- .

34

2.

= D 3- , = D
. 2. -10.
B

B1

A1

D1

C1

= 111 , = 11,
D = 1D11 .

. 2. -11
35

1.

= NO = QO = PO , MNO = QPO 1-
, MN = QP.
2.

.
, .
.
. 2. -12.
1.
A

F
C
K
N

B
36

MNK .
N ,
.
F.
1-
MNK
F. ,
2- 3- ,
.
2.


1 -24.2 .
. 2. -13
1.

1) , .. .
37

2) , .. .
3) , .. .
4) , . 3.
2.

.. = D, = D, || D, ..
.
. 2. -14.
1.
B
m

1 -14.1.

38

2.

1 -14.2.
. 2. -15.
1.

X+64

, + 64,
2 + 64 = 180 = 58.
: 58 122.

39

2.
E

F
M

.. D || EF, MEF = MCD = 90,


= 90 D = 50.
. 2. -16.
1.

1 = 120 ( ). 2 = 1 = 120
. 3 = 2 = 120 .

40

2.

.. D || , D = . .. ,
D = . .. ,
= + = 2 , .. CN ,
NCK = ECN =

1
ECK = EMC = 3 MEC, || CN,
2

.
. 2. -17.
1. , .. 9031 + 5842 180, ,
30.
2.

X+30

X-30

, + ( + 30) + ( 30) = 180, =


60, 90 30.
41

: .
. 2. -18.
1.

600

500

= , = , = . .. 60 > 50,
> AB, < .
2.
A

B
C
.. , ,
, = .
.2. -19.
1. , .. 8 .

42

2.
D
B

5c
A
18

, .. 12
+ < 17 , = 18 . .
. 2. -20.
1.

, D = . ,
, || D. :
= 90 = 20, || D, ..
.

43

2.

10

?
1

1: ,
1 = 30, = 90 1 = 60.
. 2. -21.
1.

.. D , =
D = , D =
, D = .

44

2.
A
D

.. , = D ,
CAB = DBA.
. 2. -22.
1.
A

a
D

B
, = BD, ..
. . ,
, < AC, , BD < AC.
45

2.

K
L

?
P
H
M

x
) =

1
, = 30
2

) ML x ML KP, MLP

ML =

1
MP = 10 , ..
2

= 30.
. 2. -23.
1.

46

.. ,
,
, .
2.

F
A

C
, 2 .
( . 1, -24.2). .
,
2- .
.
F. F .

47

. 2. -24.
1.

B
P

K
M

.
, . . ,
, (
. 1, -12.1). = ,
. 2-
3- . :
.
2.

,
(. . 1, -24.2).
48

,
.
.
. 2. -25.
1.

.
, .
. ,
, (.
. 1, -12.1). (. 1,
-24.2).
.
2.
K

49

B
A

, , 2,
.
, . ,
2- .
( . 1, -24.2),
. ,
.
.
1- .
. 2. -26
1.

1) = 180 = 70
.
2) .. || EK, = = 70.
50

3) = = .
4) = 90 = 20 = 70 20 = 50
> EB, .. > , .. = , > .
. 3. -1.
1.
1)
B

: , D, , D, D, .
2)

51

3)

D.
4) , 5)

52

. 3. -2.
1.
B

1) 12 ( 360).
6 ( 360,
).
2)
2.

A
F

53

. 3. -3.
1.
B

,
= = = .
, = + = + = + = 2 .
2.

=
D = D = = ,
D.
. 3. -4.
1.
8
7 c
M

0,24
C

, ,
BN = CN CB = CB +

1
MN = 2,4 + 4 = 1,6 ,
2

54

AN = CN + AC = 4,7 .
2.
A
D
C
B
O

1) , 4,
+ 4 = 80 = 16, = 64, = 16.
2) .. D, =

1
D,
2

D = 160, , .. 160 > 90.


. 3. -5.
1.
B

C
A
O

.. , = 90.
= 2, 45 + = 75, = 30
= 60 = 150.

55

2.

, 180 ,
60 +

x
x
3
, .. 180 = 60 + , 120 = ,
2
2
2

= 80. : 80, 100, 80, 100.


. 3. -6.
1.

.. = D, = D = 70,
D = 180 D = 110.

56

2.

() = + + = 3 = 36 = 12 ().
(D) = + D + D = + 2D = 12+ 2D = 40 D = 14 ()
. 3. -7.
1.

.. D = , D

D = D, D = , ..

AD = AE PE, EC = DC DE, .. D = , D =
D = D = = 40.

57

2.

= D + DAC = CAE + DAC = DAE


BAC = DAE BC = DE = DEA
= .
. 3. -8.
1.

D = D 1- D = D = .
, D ,
D . .. ,
= .

58

2.

.. = , . .. = ,
, = 90 = 45, ..
= 90 + 45 = 135.
. 3. -9.
1.

.. = , = .
D = D = D D = D = CFE 2-
= FC.

59

2.
M

, , ..
. . ,
, 2

.
. 3. -10.
B

E
O

.. , = DC = CEA
1- . .. , =
.
60

. 3. -11.
1.

= DC 3- = OF
.
2.

M
a

.

1- .

61

. 3. -12.
1.
B

, 2-
.
(. . 1, -24.2).
2, -12.2.
.
2.

. 2, 12.2, .
,

1
4

62

) . 1,
-12.1.
. 3. -13.
1.

.. = , = = 60 = 180 60 60 = 60
= + = 120 D = 60, .. D
|| D, .. .
2.

. = D 3-
= D || D, ..
.

63

. 3.-14.
1.
B
L
A

C
b

l ,
, .
,
, .
, , l
. .
, 3 , l.
, .. . l, ..
2 ,
l, .
2.

a || b, .. .
64

b || c, .. a || c.
. 3. -15.
1.

.. = 40, = 140 = =
=

180o 140o
= 20. .. || D, D = 40 D =
2

= D = 20.
2.
A
D
O

C
B
.. AC || DB, = DC, = D
= D 2- .

65

. 3. -16.
1.

a || b, .. 180
20,
50, 130.
2.
B

A
C

F
E

CF, (
D, .. || D), F = CBA, DCF = CDE,
D = F + DCF = B + D.

66

. 3. -17.
1.
B
800

.. = , = =
=

180o 80o
= 50. .. ,
2

= = 25 = 180 25 25 = 130.
2.
C
150
D
800
A

120
B

D = 180 80 12 = 88. D = 180 80 = 100.


D = 180 100 15 = 65 = 65 + 12 = 77
90 .
67

. 3. -18.
1.
B

< < , .. C .
< , .. <
2.
B

.. D || , D = , = , ..
, = D = D
.

68

. 3. -19.
1.

, .. .
2.

B
D

C
DB + CB > CD,
BDA = DBC CD = AB BD + CB > AB.

69

. 3. -20.
1.

.
= 90 = 35; D = 90 35 = 55
D = 180 35 55 = 90 D.
2.
A

20
1500
C

A1

= 180 150 = 30 = 90 30 = 60
1
60 = 30, .. 1 1
2
1
1 = 1 = 10 , .. 1 = 30.
2

1 =

70

. 3. -21.
1.

DKA = EPC 2- =
= .
2.

B1

A1

D1

C1

.. = 111, = 1 ABD = A1B1D1


BD = B1D1.

71

. 3. -22.
1.
A

450

D = 45 D D = D,
> D > D.
2.
A

) , ,
b. = N
= CN.
) CN + CM = NM, NM a NM b, NM
b.
72

. 3. -23.
1.

BL CD. .
L = KBA = L = 90
|| D. LN .
= DNC ( = NCL, ..
|| CD) = D.
2.
P
A
a
Q
b

(. 1, -24.2)
, QP.
. b.
73

QP.
.
. 3. -24.
1.

(. 1, -12.1).
(. 1, -24.2)
.
( ). .
2. .

(, ,
,
:)).
.
. 3. -25.
1.
A

, .
(.1,-24.2).
.
74

.

.
2.

. (. 1. 12.1). (. 2, -12.2).
, ,
, ,
.
3- .
. 3. -26.
1.

1) .. DB = ABD = 90, AD || BC, ..


.
2) D = 90 D = 30 D = 2D = 8.
4 < AD < 12 ( ).

75

3)
B

A
D
K. = D D.
.. || BD AED , ..
DE = EA.

76

. 4. -1.

1. 6 : NE, NM, NF, EM, FM, EF.


2. , F.
3. N, .. EF, .
4.
E

77

5.

E
M
N

F
. 4. -2.
1.
1)

6. 8.
2)
D
C
A

78

2.
D
C
A

. 4. -3.
1.
M
C

= = =
: .
2.

= = FOB = COF,
, .

79

. 4. -4.
1.
40

16
E

Q , ,
1
1
EF = 160 120 = 100 ,
2
2
1
QF = MF MQ = EF MQ = 60 40 = 20 .
2
1
, = EF + MP = 60 + 160 = 220 (),
2
1
QF = EF + MQ = 100 ().
2

= =

2.
F

1) = + = 4 = 100 = 25
= 75.
2) AOF = FOE AOE = EOB AOE = 50 .

80

. 4. -5.
1.
K

B
F

.. , = 90. AF AOF,
AOF = FOB = 45. ,
FOK = 20 FOB = 45 20 = 25 C = 2 =
= 50 = 90 50 = 40.
2.

4X
5X

4, 5, 4
+ 5 = 9 = 180 = 20, .. 80, 100.
81

. 4. -6.
1.

D = 180 FAB = 20. .. D = CBD,


BCD = BAD = 20.
2.

() = + 2 = 12 + 2 = 42 = 15 ()
(D) = 3 = 45 ().

82

. 4. -7.
1.

= L, .. , = L 1 ELC = BKE = 110.


2.

1) = 90 D = DCE ABC = DEC 1-


= DE.
2) ACD = BCE AD = BE P(ABD) = AB + BD + DA =
= DE + BD + BE = P(BDE).

83

. 4. -8.
1.

ADB = CDB 1- =
= .
, =
= .
2.

= 180 135 = 45 = 45 (..


) (.. = )
= .

84

. 4. -9.
1.

.. = =
ADK = CEF 2- AD = EC.
2.
A

C
, .. , = . DK AC, ..
ADC , = , BD
AC.

85

. 4. -10.
1.
A

. 4, -9.2 BD
, .. =
= .
. 4. -11.
1

MON = EOF 3- (.. OM = ON = OE = OF


) OP = OD
.

86

2.

M
R

.

.
. 4. -12
1.
B

, 2 ,
( . 1, -24.2). AD.
(. 1, -24.2)
.

87

2.

, ( . 1, 12.1). ( . 2, -12.2)
, .
. 4. -13.
1.

.. = , = = 30 = 150
1
5

DCE = 150 = 30 || DC , ..
.

88

2.
D

A
O

AOD = BOC 1- DAO = C


AD || BC, .. .
. 4. -14.
1.
B
a
l
b
A
C

c
,
. 3, -14.1. a, b, c , ..
. ,
, (b, c, e), ..
2 , ,
.
89

2.

a || b, .. 180. b || c,
.. ( 2 3) a || c.
. 4. -15.
1.

= BCD = 20, .. AB || CD. ACB = ABC = 20, ..


= = 180 2 20 = 140.
2.

90

.. BC || AD, = DAC ABC = ADC 1-


.
. 4. -16.
1.

110 , . 60 , ..
a || b.
2.

CF, DE,
BCF = 180 140 = 40, FCD = 180 130 = 50,
BCD = 40 + 50 = 90.

91

. 4. -17.
1.
D

B
500
600
C

A
CBD = 180 50 = 130 BCD =

180o 130o
= 25
2

ACD = 85
2.
B
A1

A
B1

OBA =

1
30 = 15 BAO = 180 107 15 = 78
2

BAC = BAO = 156 .

92

. 4. -18.
1.
B

M
C
A
> (.. < ) < .
= < 90 , > , ..
< < .
2.
B

.. DE || C, D = A, , =
D = B BDE .

93

. 4. -19.
1.

, .. 13 = < OA + OB = 4 + BO 4 + 6 10
.
2.
A

B
C

BD < AB + AD, ADB = CDB 2-


AD = D BD < AB + DC.

94

. 4. -20.
1.

= 90 46 = 44, DCE = 90 44 = 46
BCD = 180 46 44 = 90 BC DC.
2.
B
1
?

C
A

.. 1 , 1 = 30
=60 = 30 FAC = 150.
. 4. -21.
1.
B

95

ADK = CEP =
= .
2.
B1
B

C1

D1
A

A1

= 111 = 1
. 4. -22.
1.
M

500
E
K
a

< , .. 40 < 50. > , .. ,


> KE.

96

2.
)

B
C
A

= =
)
b
c
L
K

H
B

= KL, ..
AL = KL + AC = KL + CH = 2CH

97

. 4. -23.
1.

A
K

B
E
= = || .
, || = =
= .
2.
P
B

a
M

O
A

, (.
. 1, -23.2).
.
.

98

. 4. -24.
1.

(. . 1, -24.2)
, (. . 1, -12.1).
, , 3-
.
2.

, .
,
.
1- . 2-
.
.
.

99

. 4. .25.
1.

. , 1-
, , (. . 1, -12.1).

.
(. . 1, -24.2).
2.

. ,
(. . 1, -23.2).
, ,
(. . 1, -12.1).
(. . 1, -24.2).

100

. 4, -26.

1) = =
|| .
1
2) .. = 30, = = 5 5 < EP < 15 (
2
).
3)
H

D
E


MD PD = DK.
DH , .. DH || MP, DH
= MDK , ..
MD = DK =

1
1
= = 5.
2
2

,
, .

101

. 5. -1.
1.

2.

102

3.

, .
4.
B

, .

103

. 5. -2.
1.

2 ( , , ... , , , D,
)
2.
B

C
B

B
C
E

104

3.

A
B
. 5. -3.
1.

, .. = = CD CB = BD. F ,
FC = AF AC = FD BD = FB.
2.
A

B
C

B
C

E
O
O

= , ,
= , .

105

. 5. -4.
1.
A

0, ,
x
3
4, AD = x = x
4
4
3
AD , 2,5
8
3
17
20 3
2,5 = = , 4 =
8
8
8 8
17
192 = 48
= 17 6 = 102 ().
8
2.
C

D
+ D = 180 = AOB + 2 EOA + AOB + 2 BOF= =
180 AOB + EOA + BOF = 90.

106

. 5. -5.
1.

= BOD. = , 2 + COD = AOB =


= COD + 90 x = 45, ..
= 45 COD = 45 AOB = 45.
2.
N
B
M

= 180 2 .
BON = 90 MOB NOC = 90 MOB
ON .

107

. 5. -6.
1.

.. ABD = CBD ABD = CBD ABD =

1
ABC = 55
2

.. BAD = 90, BCD = 90 (.. ).


2.
B

A
8

+ = + + 2 = + 2 = 10 ()
+ = + 2 = 2 = 6 ()

108

. 5. -7.
1.

.. = , = = .
= = = 90
= .
2.
B

B1
D

D1

A1

C1

= 111 1- = 11 , = 1 ,
= 11 DC = D1C1 ADC = A1D1C1 1-
AD = A1D1.

109

. 5. -8.
1.

AFC, ,
, AF BC CE AB,
= CFA = AFC.
2.
B

.. ACD , CF
2 + 2ACF = 180 + ACF = 90 CE CF.

110

. 5. -9.
1.

= DFB 2- E = F = 90 BF
BF = EC = 10 .
2.
C

ACQ = BDP 3- DPB = CQA = 70

111

. 5. -10.
1.

= CDO, .. = D
= = L 2-
= CL.
. 5. -11.
1.

= D AOB = COD AOC = BOD = D

112

2.
B

M
A

M
A
C

B
B
M
A

M
C

;
.
0 ( ), 1 (
, ), 2
( ), 3 (
, ), 4
( )
.
. 5. -12.
1.

1350

113

1) . (. 1, -24.2).
(. 2, -12.2).
2) ,
( = ). .
. ,
. .
2.
B

A
Y

(. 1, -24.2).
, Y.
. 5. -13.
1.

= D, .. = DEF
A = D AB || DE, .. .

114

2.

1 + BAD = 90 2 1 + 2 BAD = 180 1 + 2 +


+ BAD + DAE = 180 BC || AE, ..
180.
. 5. -14.
B
1.

C
A

. . 1, -23.2.

115

2.
D

C
a
F
A

DC F.
BCF = 120 BFC = 30. CDE = 30 BA || DE
DE, .. 2
, .
. 5. -15.
1.

.. = D BE || CD, =
, .. = , DC C, ..
DC || BE.
116

2.

BD. .. || DE, ABD = BDE ABD = BDC


= AD. ,
= AF. FAD = EBC, .. || AF BEC = AFD 1-
.
. 5. -16.
1.

CED = 180 70 = 110 DCE = 180 110 20 = 50


= 50, .. || CD.
117

2.

B
E
M

F
Q

C
K

BFE = EFB = x.

MEC = ECM = y,

BEF = 180 2 x FEM = 2 x


EFM = 180 2x 2y, ..
FMC = 180o 2 y FME = 2 y
o

|| KE AC || QM, = EFM = 180 2x 2y = EKC


C = 180 180 + 2x + 2y 2y = 2y FCK = y, ..
. , BF
F .
. 5. -17.
1.

B
950

450
A

118

BDA = 180o 95o 22,5o = 52,5o


BDC = 52,5 + 67,5 = 120

ADC = 90o 22,5o = 67,5o

2.
A

H
O

ABO = x, a OBL = y (x + y = 60), =


= 180 2, L = 180 2y, .. = BOL = COL
( , ..
)
AOL = 360 180 + 2y 180 + 2x = 2(x + y) = 120 > 90
AOC .
. 5. -18.
B
1.

D
C

E
119

BD D. ADE = CDB ( 1-
) = , = , <
> AE, .. 2 > .
2.
N

A
K
D
C

.. DC || BF, D = FBN FBD = BDC DBC


BD = BC, BD > DK BC > DK.
. 5. -19.
1.
B

B1

120

1 , .
1 = DCB1 1- . BD < BC + CD 2BB1 =
= BC + CD = BC + AB
2.
D
C

1090 59'

400

700

, .. ACD ,
, .. = 17959 180.
. 5. -20.
1.
O
B1

A1

C1

121

1 = 1 1 = 1 = 90 1 = 1.
, = .
2.
A
3x
D
x

2x

BD = 2BC, DCB = 30 CAB = 30


AB = 2BC = 4BD AD = 4BD BD = 3BD
. 5. -21.
1.
A

ADE = BDE 2- = ; () = 30 =
= + + = + + = + = + 24 = 6.

122

2.
B
A1

C1
O

.. 1 , . .. 1 ,

.
. 5. -22.
1.

D + BOE = 90 ADO = 90
BOE = AOD = = DE,
AB < AC DE < AC.

123

2.
A
a
F

) EF EF =

x
,
2

.. = 30.
) . = FBE = EF =

x
2

. 5.-23.
1.

BC || AD, .. AD. .. = ,
= DC OAD = ODA (.. D || BC) AO = OD
AC = BD ABC = CBD 1- .

124

2.

2 ,
, (.
1,-23.2). . (. 248).
. 5. -24.
1.
A

600

1050
B

. , 105
(.1, -12.1), , 60.
.
60.

125

2.

B
C1
O

B1

1 3- . ,
1 (.1, -12.1).
. 1 , 1.
1 .
. 5. -25.
1.

. ,
. , (. 1, -12.1).

, .
.

126

2.

,

, (. 1, -23.2).
. .
.
. 5. -26.

1) ABD = CBD 3- ABD = BDC = CBD =


= ADB ( .. = = CD = DA) AB || DC BC || AD.
2) 1) = DCT BCT = DCT 1-
BT = TD.
3) BAD , BAD
AC BD. BD.
, = O = OD, OBA = OBL,
127

ABO > 45, .. > 90 TC > AT, BAO < 45,


ABO > AO > BO > BD.
4) AD,

.
. 6.-1.
1.

2.
B

D
A
3.

E
F
A
B
128

4. ,
C
B

D
A

. 6.-2.
1.

8 ( AOB, BOC, COD, DOF, FOA, BOD,


COF, DOA), 2 ( , BOF).
2.

129

3.

2 .
6. -3.
1.
M
B

N
A

, .. = + = 2 + 2N = 2MN
2.
O
O

A
C D

130

. 6, -4.
1.
N
A

1
9
AC = x
2
2
1
5
5
9
DN= DB = x MN = MC + CD + DN = x + 4x + x = x 11,
2
2
2
2

CD = 4x DB = 5x CB = AC 9x MC =

4x = 12 x = 3 MN = 33 ().
2.
C

B
N
O
MOB =

1
(COD AOB) + AOB = 20 + 100 = 120.
2

. 6, -5.
1.

131

AOC + AOB 90 = 360 2AOC = 270


AOC = AOB = 135.
2.
C
D

.. CO BOD AOC = COE CD AE.


. 6, -6.
1.

.. ABE = CDE AE = EC, BAC = ECD = 90


.. AE = EC = 7 (), AC = 14 ()

132

2.
B

1) AB + BM = AC + CM + 3 18 = AC + 9 AC = 9 ()
2) AB + BM + 3 = AC + CM 21 = AC + 6 AC = 15 ()
ABC .
. 6, -7.
1.

AOD = COD 1- AD = DC OD AC
ABD = CBD 2- .

133

2.
E1

D1

M1

F1

. 6, -8.
1.

.. AE = EC EAC = ECA. ABE = CDE


BAE = DCE BAC = DCA.
2.
B

D
134

ABD = CBD 3- ABD = CBD BO AC.


, OD AC. OD BO, ..
.
. 6, -9.
1.

EDC = BCD, .. . AC = DF, .. AD = CF


DC . ABC = FED 2-
ABC = FED = 90 AB AB = EF = 15 .
2.
A

F
L

B
ALE = BKF 3- LE = LF m = 1.

135

. 6, -10.

ABC = CDE .. ABC = CDE 2-


AC = CE BC = CD AO = BE ABE = ADE 1 .
. 6, -11.
1.

AOC = BOD 3- BOD = AOC


AOB = COD AOD = COD AB = CD.

136

2.

M , b.
BAC ( M
b, , b,
A), 2- ( M
b ,
), 3- ( M
b, M
b,
A), ( M
b).
. 6, -12.
1.
A

450
B

137

1) , (
).
(
).
ABC.
2)
B. AB A, BC F.
F, BC
B. B C. BCA
CBA. O .
.
2.
F

M
N

EF FK (
.
. 6, -13.
1.

).

138

DEF = ACB, .. DEF = BCA


EFD = BAC EF || AC.
2.

ABE = CBE AB = BC BAE = BCE = CAD


BC || AD.
. 6, -14.
1.

. (
). ,
, ,
.

139

2.

C CF, AB,
BCF = 60 FCD = 20 CF || DE, .. 20 + 160 = 180
m DE, AB, ..
, ,
.
.6, -15.
1.

.. AD = DE, DEA = EAD, .. DE || AC, DEA = EAC


AE . EAB = EAC 1- BEA =
= CEA = 90 AE BC.

140

2.

ABD = CBD 2- (.. AB || CD BC || AD,


ABD = BDC BDA = DBC) AD = BC FAD = CBE
2- , .. C = A, B = D.
. 6, -16.
1.

.. AB || CD, ECD = ABC = 30 BED = 30 + 40 = 70.

141

2.
A

. 5, -16.1.
DAM = x AMD = x ADM = 2x DAC = 2x
MAD = x AM . , CM ,
.. ,
M .
. 6, -17.
1.

AD, , BDE = BAD + ABD,


EDC = CAD + ACD. BDC = ABD + ACD + A =
= 171.

142

2.

.. AD = DB, ADB = 180 2DBA. ,


BDC = 180 2DBC. ADC = 360 2(DBA + DBC) =
= 360 2ABC = 100.
. 6, -18.
1

BD , . ..
ADE = CDB, BC = AE, CAE = BCA. .. AB > 2BD,
AB > BE BEA > BAE = BCD + BAD ...

143

2.

C
A

.. AKC = ABD = DBC = BCK


, BK = BC > BE, .. AC.
. 6, -19.
1.
B

B1

D
BB1 . ABB1 = DCB1 AB = DC
AB < BC + AC AB BC < AC.

144

2.
B

E
, .. BE BC, CE > 0.
. 6, -20.
1.

ABB1 = 1 + 2, .. ABB1 ABO.


, CBB1 = 3 + 4. ABC = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 =
= AOC + 2 + 4. AOC1 COA1
2 = 90 AOC, 4 = 90 AOC ABC = 180 AOC.

145

2.
C
D

300
300
B

.. 2BD = BA, DAB = CBD = 30


=4

CB = 2CD

1
1=
CB = CA
2

CD
1
3
CD = CA AD = CA 4AD = 3CA.
CA
4
4

. 6, -21.
1.
B

146

AKD = BKD AK = KB.


(BDC) = BD + DC + BC = AD + DC + BC = AC + BC = 45 ().
2.

BO CO B C
ABC. O OM, OK, OP
AB, BC, CA . .. O
BO, OM = OK. OK = OP OM = OP
O A O
LA.
. 6, -22.
1.

147

MP EMP, OHP. OME = OHP


2- OE = OP HE = MP, HE > HK HK < MP.
, M a, MP ,
, HK.
2.

) M = C, .. a || BC, B = M, .. a || BC, B = C, ..
BM = MC .
A = B =

180o 2C 1
= BMC = BMK a BA BAM =
2
2

= KMC AB || MK AB BC.
. 6, -23.
1.

148

.. M T PK, PK || MT KMT = TPK,


TMK = MKP, KMT = PTM
MO = OT OP = OK, .. MOT POK
MOP = TOK 1- MP = TK PMO =
= KTO PMT = KTM MPK = PKT MPK = TKP
1- .
2.

a A, .
A , ,
b, a, ,
. B C
.
. 6, -24.
1.

15
. ABC
.
149

2.

A
B
O

. CO.
O OA.
CA. B. A
B.
. 6, -25.
1.

3- , ,
180.
150

. ,
180.
2.

ABC A AA1 BB1.


ABB1 A,
ABA1 AB AA1. C
AB1 BA1.
. 6, -26.

151

1) KTM KPM,
PKT PMT , KT || MP,
KP || TM.
2) KTO = KPO 1- TO = OP.
3) .. KO > OM, KTO > OTM KTM , ..
KTO = 44 TKP TKP > KTM TP > KM.
4) O TMP O
.
. 7, -1.
1.

,
2.

: AB, CB, AC, AM, MN, NC, CM, AN, DF, FE, ED, DM, ME,
EN, NF.

152

. 7, -2.
B

A
a

C
a

O
O

D
D
B

E
C

D
A

D
E

a
O

E
. 7, -3.
1.

BC < AB, .. AC < 2AB.


BC > AB, .. BC = AB + AC
153

2.

MON = MOB + BOC + CON = MOA + BOC + MOB =


= AOC, .. MOB = CON, .. AOB = COD, ..
AOC = BOD.
. 7, -4.
1.
A

DB = x, AD = 3x 4x = 14 x = 3,5 (), .. D
AB DB = 3,5 ().
DB = x, AD = 3x AB = 2x x = 7 (). .. B
A D, BD = 7 ().
154

2.
C
B

, , 2x,
90o 2 x
90 2x, x =
3x = 90 2x
3

5x = 90 x = 18 36 54.
. 7, -5.

1
2
3

155

21 + 22 + 23 = 360 1 + 2 + 3 = 180 = 2 90.

. 7, -6.
1.
A

BOC = 360 2 120 = 120.


2.

AC = x AO = 15 + x (AOC) = 30 + 3x, .. AO = OC.


(ABC) = 50 = AB + BO + OC + AC = 20 + 5 + 15 + x + x = 30 + 2x
156

x = 5 (AOC) = 45 ().

. 7, -7.

COA = DOB 1- CA = DB CAO = OBD.


OAB = OBA, .. AO = OB CAB = DBA ACM = BDM
1- (.. AM = MB) CM = DM.
. 7, -8.
B

157

.. ABC , AM = BP = CK MB = PC = AK
A = B = C AMK = BPM = CKP 1-
MK = MP = PK MPK .

. 7, -9.
1.
)
B
D

A
E
C
ABC = AED, 1- BC = DE
)
B

B1

M1

A1

C1

.. ABC = AED, ADE = ACB KCE = BDE


158

DBK = CEK 2- BK = KE.


. 7, -10.

AC A1C1 A A1 AE A1E1,
AB A1B1. E B, E1 B1
, EBC = E1B1C1, .. BC = B1C1, C = C1 CE = C1E1
(CE = AC + AB, C1E1 = A1C1 + A1B1) EB = E1B1
BEC = B1E1C1 EAB = E1A1B1 AE = A1E1 AC = A1C1
ABC = A1B1C1 3- BD = B1D1
.
. 7, -11.

159

.. AB = EB = BK, , BF = AB.
, ABF , ..
AB = BF, A, E, K, F
B AB.
. 7, -12.
1.

AB
C PQ.
.
, PQ
C AB
, PQ.
.
2.

160

, 162 (54 3 = 162).


180 18 (54 : 3 = 18).
. 7, -13.

A D, AED = AFD 3-
EAD = DAF MDA = DAF MD || AC.
. 7, -14.
1.

ABC = BCD =CDE 2-


DBC = ACB BDC = DCE CA || BD CE || BD,
C , BD
CE CA A, C E .

161

2.
B

DC .
. 7, -15.

PKA = x, PEA = y. .. KP = PA PE = PA, KAP = x,


PAE = y. KE || MN KAM = x EAN = y. ..
MAN = 180, 2x + 2y = 180 x + y = 90 KAE = 90, ..
AB AD.

162

. 7, -16.
F
B

BD D DE, BD.
A E ; BDC = ADE 1-
CBE = BEA BC || AE. .. AB = 2BD, PB = BE AEB
BAE = BEA. .. BC || AE, EBC = BAE
BEA = CBF, EBC = CBF, .. BC DBF.
. 7, -17.
1.

BC C E.
ACE = A + ABC > ABC. ABO < ABC, ACE < ACD,
ACD > ABO O P.
163

2.

E AB. .. AO = BO AC = BC DE = EO,
AED = BED = BEO = AEO D, E, O
, AB. AOD = x ACO = 90
x
, .. AO = CO. ACE AOE ,
2
x
x
CAB = , OAE = 90 x, DAE =
(.. AD
2
2
x
CAB). DAE = OAE 90 x = x = 72.
4

: 36, 36, 108.


. 7, -18.
1.

BCA > ABC, .. AB > AC BCD > BCA > ABC > DBC
164

BDC BD > CD.


2.
B

C1

A1

B1

, MA = MB = MC M
M

ABC = 60.
. 7, -19.
1.
B

A1
O

B1

ABC AA1 BB1 O


AO + OB1 > AB1 BO + OA1 > BA1 AO + OB1 + BO + OA1 >
165

> AB1 + BA1 AA1 + BB1 >

1
(AC + BC).
2

2.
B

EA BC D ADB, ADC
. ADB.
ADB AB > AD, BEC EB + EC > BC. .. AB = BC, AD <
EB + BC, EA < AD EA < EB + BC.
. 7, -20.
1

166

BAC = 90 CBA = 50. EAC = 45 CEA = 45.


, EC = AC. , DCA = 80 CDA
CDA = 50 CD = DA, CE = CD. CED ,
EDC = 85.
2.

CAB = 90 B = 45; MEA = 90 MAE = 45 ME = MA.


CAD = 90 DCA = 30 CD =

1
AC = MA CD = ME.
2

. 7, -21.
1.
C

A1

C1

167

ABA1 = ACC1 2- AB = AC CC1B = AA1B


AB = BC AB = BC = CA B = 60.
2.

C = 90 BB1C = B1AK 1-
KAC = C = 90 AC || MM1 A1AC = AMM1
A1CA = AM1M
AM1 = A1C = A1B.
. 7, -22.
1.

168

, AB > 2AC, AC
C CK KE ,
CK = AC AB = AE. BKC = ACD 1-
KBC = 90, BKC BKC < KBC,
ABE > KBC, BKC > BEC. ABE > BEC,
, .. AB = AE, AB > 2AC
.
2.

a BC K. E MB.
MB AC, EP a, EO BC. AMT, MEP, EBO
. MT = EP = BO, EP = OK, ..
, EO || a, BK = 2MT, BK
a B, MT a AC.

169

. 7, -23.
1.

BE || AD, .. B E AD. BE
BD. BME = AMC 2- AC = BE = CD.
BCD = BED 2- BC = ED.
2.

C AB, a AB. C
MC M1C. M M1
.

170

. 7, -24.
1.

a BE D.
BE a, BO = OE. C
a AE.
2.

MBK 3- , MB = PK.
BP || MK, PK || MB. PKC PK,
KPC, BPK PKC. A
MB CK. ABC . .. MK || BC,
KP || AB , MBK = BPK 2-
171

MB = PK.
. 7, -25.
1.
B

ABM 2- (AB BM) ,


(AMB). ABC A
BCM AB.
2. C = 180 (B + A). CDB
BD C. ABC
AC, BC C .
. 7, -26.

172

1) .. OB = OA BOA = 180 2ABO,


COD = 180 2CDO, AOB = COD.
2) AOC = AOB + BOC, BOD = COD + BOC,
AOC = BOD AOC = BOD 1- AC = BD.
3) ABO = COD 1- AB = CD ABC = BDC
3- DBC = ACB. CAD = BDA,
DBC = ADB, .. BC || AD DBC = CAD.
4) OP AD, OK BC. AP = PD, BK = KC, .. AOD BOC
, PD > KC. PD E ,
PE = KC. ET || OP TH || PD. PE = HT, .. ET || OP,
OKC = OHT , OH = OK.
.. OH > OP, OK > OP.
. 8, -5.

1
2

, , :
21 + 22 + 2 3 + 24 + 25 = 360
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 = 180 = 2 90.

173

. 8, -6.
1.
B

O
A

.. AOB = COB, ABO = CBO BO .


, AOB = COB
AOB =

360o 140o
= 110.
2

2.

(AEF) = AE + EF + FA = AO + EO + EF + AF =
174

= (AO + MO + AM) + AF = 20 + 40 = 60.


. 8, -7.
1.

.. AO = OB OD = OC AC = DB. .. OD = OC
ODC = OCD. .. ED = CF, EC = DF AEC = BFD
1- AE = BF.
. 8, -8. . 7, -8.
. 8, -9.

O
T

) BMK = BPO 2- MK = PO
) . ), -9, 7.

175

. 8, -10.

BM B1M1, , , MD = MB,
M1D1 = M1B1. BMC = DMA B1M1C1 = D1M1A1 1-
BDA = MBC B1D1A1 = M1B1C1. .. BD = B1D1,
ABM = A1B1M1 BDA = B1D1A1, ABD = A1B1D1
AB = A1B1. , BC = B1C1.
A1B1C1 = ABC 1- .
. 8, -11.
E

D
, AK = KO.
KOC , .. KO = OC
176

OKC = KOC = KOA = 60. .. KOA = 60 OK = AO,


AKO AK = AO = KO E, A, O, C
K AO.
. 8, -12.
1.

A
O

EOF. A
PQ.
. , A
PQ, , ,
, .
2.

700

177

70. 90 20.
4 , 5.
. 8, -13.

ADB = CEB 1- AB = BC BAC = BCA.


BAC = MAC MAC = BCA AM || BC.
. 8, -14.
1.

. 7, -14.1.

178

2.

M BD.
M, .
. 8, -15.

CM || AD CM || BE. ADC = x CEB = y. .. ACD


CBE , ADC = x BCE = y.
CM || AD || BE DCM = x ECM = y. ACB
179

2x + 2y = 180 x + y = 90, .. DCE = 90 DC CE.


. 8, -16.

ABO = DCO ABO = DCO BAO = CDO AB || DC


BD || AC EBO = BAC. BOD = COA DBO = OCA =
= BAC, .. BAC = BCA, .. AB = BC BD .
. 8, -17.
1.

..
, APC > AKC > ABC > OBC .

180

2.

, OA = OB = OC. , ABC AOC


, , E AC,
BO AC ( 2
). ACB =x, ABO = 90

x
, ..
2

AO = OB. , AOE OAE = 90 x,


x

KAO = 90 x BAC = 180 (180 2x) = 2x 2x =


2

x = 0 OA = OB = OC .
. 8, -18.
1.

181

1 = 2 + 3, 4 = 5 + 6,
1 > 3, 4 > 5 ADC > BCD + BAD.
, :
ADC > DAC AC > DC
2.

ABO CBO AB = OB = BC
BAC = BCA OAB = OCA.
OAB = AOB = BOC = OCB = x
OBA = OBC = 180 2x ABC = 360 (180 2x)
(180 2x) = 4x BAC = BCA =

1
(180 4x) = 90 2x
2

OAC = OCA = 90 x BCA = BAC = x 180 = 6x


x = 30 BCA = 30.
. 8, -19.
A
1.
D

C
182

AC BD O AO + BO > AB,
AO + OD > AD, OD + OC > DC, OB + OC > BC AO + BO + AO +
+ DO +DO + OC + BO + OC > AB + BC + CD + DA
2(AC + BD) > AB + BC + CD + DA
2.
B
E

M
A

AM + MC > AC AM < AC. AC = BC AM < BC.


BC < BE + EC AM < BE + EC.
. 8, -20.
1.

DOC OCD = 20. ABD BDA = 40 ADE = 50


ADC = 140 ADC DAC = 20 DA = DC.

183

: EDC ECD = 45 DC = DE AD = DE
DEA DEA = 65.
2.

ABC BAC = 90 CBA = 45. PMA MPA = 45


MP = MA AC = 2EA ECA = 30 EAC = 60.
. 8, -21.
1.

AOC1 = A1OC OCA1 = A1AB


DO = OC CC1 = AA1 ACC1 = ACA1
A1AC =C1CA. .. AA1 CC1

184

,
AC = 2BA1.
2.

ABC

ABC , BCA = 90. .. A1 BC, AM1 =


A1C AMM1 = AA1C BC || DA
DAB = ABC. ADC1 = BC1C 2-
DC1 = CC1.
. 8, -22.
1.

DEA 90, ADE AD = ED, AD < AC < AB

185

ED < AB. DEA > 90, DEB > 90 BDE DB > DE.
: BDA > BCA = 90.
, ABD AB > DB ED < AB.
2.

ET || KP, AD || KP AKB = EAO = MET


3AB = MP.
.8, -23.
1.

BD || AC, .. B D AC. EC BD,


EO = OC, ED = CO, .. EOD = COD 2- .

186

BE = BC. AED AE < AD +DE. ,


, , 2BC < AD + DC.
2.

b, a
PQ. ABC.
.
. 8, -24.
1.

A b c. AD
M. D a,
c. B a b.
187

C BM c. B C
.
2.

AMK 3- , AM = PQ, MK = P1Q1,


KA = P2Q2. AMC AM, A nk.
ME || AC, EC || MK. AM
EC. ABC .
. 8, -25.
1.
B

ABM 2- ABM AMB AM,


. ABC AB
BC A, BC.
188

2.

BCD CD BC. ,
A B, nk,
A. ,
nk. , , CD
, B.
BD A. ABC .
. 8, -26.

1) KOM = POH 3- KOM = POH.


2) POK = KOM POM, MOH = POH POM
POK = MOH POK = MOH 1-
KPO = OMH. POK + 2KPO = 180, .. PHO
POK + 2OMH = 180.

189

3) PK = MH, .. POK =MOH KPM = HMP 3-


KMP = HPM. MKH = PHK. ..
MPH = MKH, KMP = MKH PM || KK.
4) OA OB O KH PM.
OA < OB, AH = AK, PB = BM, .. POM KOH
. OA OC = OB.
CD OA, DE || AC. OBM = OCD MB =
CD. , AE = CD, .. DC || AC. AE < AH BM <
AH PM < KH.

190


-1, -1.
1.

COB =

1
AOB = 45.
2

BOD = 180 COB = 135

2.
6,5
A

6,4
C

AB = AC + CB = 65 CB.
AC > BD

BC = BD + CB = 64 + CB

191

3.
M

A
500

300

O
400
C

D
K

) AOM = AOB MOB = 50


COK = COD KOD = AOB KOD = 40
) MOB COK , ..
.
4.

192

-1, -2.
1.

1 = 180 2 BOC = 20
2.
B
A

CB =
=

1
AB
2

DC =

1
1
3
4
AC = AB BD = AB AB = BD =
2
4
4
3

4
153 = 204 ()
3

3.
H

A
400

400
50

B
M
193

) PKA = PKH AKH = 50, BKE = MKE MKB = 40


) A, K B , AKH
MKB , ,
.
4

-1. -3.
1.

AOK =DOK POA = 45. KOC = 180 DOK = 45


OK AOC.
194

2.
P

PK = PM KM = 535 KM
MH = KH KM = 535 KM MH = PK
3.
E

O
A

1300

500
B

P
) AOD = 180 POB 50
) EOB POA , .. ,

.
4.

195


-1, -4.
1.

1 + 2 = 180 ab = 90
2.
P

E
5

K
6

M
8

A PE, B KM,
AB = AE + EK + KB =

1
1
PE + EK + KM = 2,5 + 6 + 4 = 12,5 () =
2
2

= 125 ()

196

3.
M

K
) OM OK , ..
MOB = KOA .
) . ) , M, O, K , ..
AOM = 90, MK AB.
4.

197

-2, -1.
1.

AO = OB, CO = OD, COA = BOP


AOC = BOD 2- .
2.

,
, .
.

198

3.
B

P
M
A

) .. ABC , BM , ..
PBM = MBK BPM = BKM
) BMP = BMK 2- BP = BK PBH = KBH
1- BHP = BHK PK BE.
4.

180
180

540

. ,
54, 36.
, 18. : .
199

-2, -2.
1.

ABD = CBD, ADB = CDB, BD BDA = BDC


.
2.

. .
,
. ,
, .

200

3.
B

) .. AO = OC, OAC = OCA, ABO = CBO 1-


BAO = BCO ABO = CBO
BAC = BAO + OAC = BCO + OCA = BCA
) .. BAC = BCA, ABC . .. BO
, BH BO AC.
4. .

201

-2, -3.
1.

ABD = CBD 3- , .. BD .
2.

.
,
. .

202

3.

P
A

) .. ABC , BP , ..
MBP = KBP MBP = KBP 1-
BMP = BKP
) MBP = KBP MP = PK MPB = KPB HMP = HKP
1- KMP = PKM.
4. 3 34 = 102.
. 102 90 = 12.

120

340

203

-2, -4.
1.

AO = OD = OB = OC , COB = AOD
AOD = BOC 2- .
2.

, .
.
.
204

3.
B

C
P

) .. ABC , A = C AMP = CKP 2 MP = KP.


) AB = BC AM = KC BM = BK. AMP = CKP AP = PC
BH MBH = KBH 1-
MHB = KHB = 90 BP MK.
4. . 4 . 3
.

205

-3, -1.
1.

.. 1 + 2 = 180, a || b 3 = 4 4 = 50.
2.

, .. ,
.

206

3.
B
520
P
510

T
520

C
A

) .. ABC =ATM, TM || BC TMP = MPC = 51.


) BTM = 180 52 = 128, BTM + TMP = 128 + 51 =
= 179 180 BT PM .
4.

.
.
.
.

207

-3, -2.
1.

.. 1 =2, a || b 3 + 4 = 180 4 = 40.


2.
A

B
C
, ..

208

3.
E
K

D
A

49

143

) ABE = PCD = ACK BE || CP.


) CBP ECB BP CE .
4.

.
, .

209

-3, -3.
1.

.. 1 = 2, a || b 3 = 4 4 = 120.
2.

a
b

c
.. a || b b || c, a || c a c .

210

3.
B

A
1170

) .. AC BC ,
CAB + ABD = 180 ABD = 63.
) BAC + ACD 180 AB CD
.
4.
b
c

211

a b.
b c
ab. a c.
-3, -4.
1.

.. 1 = 2, a || b AB b, .. AB a a || b 3 = 90.
2.
c
a

, .. a c
, .

212

3.

B
137

450

) ABD BAC = 180 BD || AC BDC + DCA = 180


DCA = 135
) BAC + DCA = 135 + 43 = 178 180 AB
DC .
4.

,
.
,
.

213

-4, -1.
1.
A
500

700

600
C

A = 180 B C = 30 B > A AC > BC.


2.
B

P
?

.. AC =

1
BC, B = 30.
2

ABC = MPK

P = B = 30.

214

3.
B

150
D

) BDA = DBC + C = 30 BD = 2AB.


) BC < BD + DC = 2BC = 4AB.
4.

..
60
60
.

215

-4, -2.
1.
C
1200

400

200

180 120 40 = 20 C = 120, B = 20,


A = 40, ..
.
2. ABC = MKP K = B = 30 KM =

1
KP.
2

3.
A

216

) DBC = 60 CD = DB = CB. ADB = 120 DAB = 30


AD = DB = CB.
) (ABC) = BC + CD + DA + AB = 3BC + AB < 3BC + BD + DA =
= 5BC.
4. , 4 .
-4, -3.
1. A = 20 C = 20 CB = BA.
2. AB + BC > AC, BC = PK AB + PK > AC.
3.
) A = 90 C. DBC = 90 C A = DBC.
) , ABD = C.
.. ABD > DBC, AD > DC, A < C,
AD > DC.
4.

. , 60
90, 60, 30.
-4, -4.
1. .
2. AB < CB = 2AC, .. B = 30.
3.
) MHC = 180 M C = 180 B C = A
) MH < CM, C < H C < A AB < BC
4.
, . AM
(M BC) ABC AMB
AMC B = C AB = AC, .
-5, -1.
1.

217

) B = 180 245 = 90 ABC


.
) ADB = CDB 1- .
) BK DC DB
.
) CBK = 90 45 = 45. KBH = 90 CBK = 45
BK A.
) , .. AED = CED 3-
EDA = EDC = 90 E BD.
-5, -2.
1.
) CB = 180 A B = 60 ABC .
) 1- .
) BMH =

1
(180 B) = 60 = A MH || AC.
2

) MBH = MKH BQ QK
B MH MH AC.
) .
.
-5, -3.
1.
) B = 180 A C = 90 ABC .
) ACB = CAM (.. AM || BC), MCA = BAC (.. AB || CM)
ABC = CMA 2- .
) .. BC || MA, A + B = 180 AB MA.
, BC MC, CM MA.
) .. AB =

1
AC = AO, AOB = ABO. .. BAO = 60,
2

AOB = 60.
) .. AOB , AO = OB = OC.
.. ABC = CMA, BO = MO AO = BO = CO = MO :
O OA.
-5, -4.
1.
) AOD . OP.
. A.
AO AD. AO OD OC = OD

OB = OA.
) AOD = COB 1- D = C AD || BC.
218

) OM < AO = OC OM < OC
) AOC = 180 60 = 120 OAC = CAO =

1
(180 120) =
2

= 30 EAC = ECA = 60 AEC = 60.


) MO = OH ( AOD COB).
M, O, H
O BMH.

-1, -1.
1.

C
B

A.
2. 5 .

219

3.
A
K

4.

) ,
.
) MOB = MOC + COB = AOB + COB > AOM.
5.
4
A

B
6

220

BC = AC AB = 6 ().
6.

, .. AC < AB + BC
7.

700

160 = x + (x + 20) x = 70. : 90 70.


8.

221

MOB =

1
1
MOB = (180 AOC) = 70
2
2

9.

COD
10.

, .. .
222

-1. -2.
1.
A

A.
2.

223

3.
C

B
E
A
D

4.
) , ,
.
)

AC > CB.
5.

7
M

5
F

FM = 12 5 = 7 ().

224

6.
M

F
, .. EF < EM + EM
7.

600
200

80 = x + 3x x = 20. : 20 60.

225

8.

AOB =

1
1
AOE = (180 AOF) = 40.
2
2

9.

COD, .. AOF.

226

10.

, .. a c, .
-2. -1.
1.
B

350
A

A1 =35
2.

227

BC : EF = 1, .. BC = EF, .. ABC =MFE 1- .


3.
B1

A1
C1
,
.
4.

228

5.

1 = C = A = 40. BOC = 90, ..


, , .
6.

BCA FDE .

229

7.

, .. ABC = ADC 3- BCA = DCA


BL
8.

: EF. : AB. : MO, OE, OF.


9. . 1. -12.1.
10. . 1. -24.2.
-2. -2.
1. EM = E1M1 = 7 , .. EFM = E1F1M1.
2.
230

F = E = 40, .. ELK = FAM 1- .


3. ,

.
4.

231

5.

1 = 180 FMA = 180 FEA = 130.


FAE = 90 FEA = 40, .. FA EM, .. FA
EFM .
6.

MEK = ABC .

232

7.

.. ADB = CDB 3- ABD =CBD.


8.

: AO, FO, EO. : AB, CD. : AE.


9. 2. -12.2.
10. . 1. -24.2

233

-3. -1.
1.

: 6 3, 2 7, : 6 7, 2
3. : 1 3, 5 7, 8 6, 2 4.
2

m || n, ..
3.

234

, .. , BCA = DEC.
4.

, .. a || b, b || c a || c.
5.
a

235

.. a c b c, a || b. .. d a, d b, ..
a d
b.
6.

l,
, B.
,
, B.
, A.
7. . 1. -23.2.
8.

1 = 70, .. .

236

9.

180 100 50 = 30.


10.

1 = 2 a || b 3 = 4 .

237

-3. -2.
1.

: 3 6, 4 5; : 1 5, 2
6, 3 7, 4 8; : 3 5, 2 6.
2

k || c, .. 180.
3.

, .. , BAC = DCF
AB || DC.
238

4.

, .. m || n n || k m || k.
5.
A

, .. , .. .

239

6.

m
E

-3. -1.6.
7. . -1. -23.2.
8.

.. m || n, 1 = 120.

240

9.

BAC = 180 ABC BCA = 180 (180 130) 45 = 95.


10.

.. 1 + 2 = 180, a || b 3 = 4.
-4. -1.
1. 180 2 20 = 140.
2. .. AB < BC, C < A.
3. 90, .. BD .
4. 1 , .. 2 > 1 + 0,9 .

241

5.

A1 = 90 79 = 20 ABC = A1B1C1
AC
AC = A1C1
= 1.
A1C1
6.
A

AC, .. BAC = 30 5 .

242

7.
a
b

A
B
C

7 .
8.

,
.

243

9.
K

A
F
C

AC . F AC. F
FK, BH (BH AC). K A
C. ACK .
10.

. , ,
. 3-
.
-4. -2.
1. 30 + 100 = 130
2. .. A < C, BC < AB.

244

3.
F

EFM = MFK, .. FM .
4. 2 .
5.

6. 16
7.

a
b

A
B

245

12
8. . -1.-23.2.
9.
B
K

C
F

ABC. AC
C CF = AC. F FK,
BH (BH AC). K A. ACK .
10.

, .
, .
.
246

. 100
)

. , .
.
, .
) , 90 ( . )).
)

, 90. .
. (
) .
247

, .
.
. 100
) x,
x 8 2x 16 + x = 38 3x = 54 x = 18, .. 18 ,
10 .
)
B

A
D

(ABC) = 2(ABD) 2BD = 2 24 2 8 = 32 ().


)
B

(ABC) = 2(ABD) 2BD BD =

P( ABC ) + 2P( ABD) 48 36


=
=
2
2

= 6 ().

248

! -100!
)
B

.. A = BMH, MH || AC BHM = C = 60
MHC = 120.
)
B
D

K
C

BCK = 180 80 = 100 DCK = 50 PC || AB.

249

)
C
A

M
D
B

.. AB || CD, AMC = MCD BMD = MDC AC = AM


MB = BD AB = AM + MB = AC + BD.
. 101
)

ABD = 80 ABC = 140 OBD =

1
140 = 70
2

250

)
B

M
P

180 = 2MKB + 2BKP 90 = MKB + PKB = MKP


)
M

AOC = COD = DOB 3-


AOC = COD = DOB 60
ODB OB = DB = AC.

251

. 101
)
B
A

AOB = BOC 1- OAB = OCB.


)

H
C
O

AHO = CHO AOB = BOC


AOB = BOC 1- AB = BC.
252

)
A

O
H

AOB = COD 3- OM = OH OMH = OHM


. 101
) , ,
.
) ,
,

3
.
2

. 3- .
)
B
K
D

A
H

C
253

ADK . DAC,
KAD. AC.
BH. BA BC.
. 101
)

. ,
.
, . 1-
3- 30.
)

254

. ,
. .
)

AC. , .
AA1 BB1 , .
C. ABC .
. 102
)
K
M

255

MPK = x KPH = 4x. 5x = 105 x = 21.

A
K
C

L
B

KOL = KOC + COL =

1
AOB = 21,5.
2

)
B

AOB = COD 3- AOB = COD


AOC = BOD AOC = BOD AC = BD

256

. 102
B

C1

A1

O
A

.. A = C, OAC = OCA AOC .


)
C

E
A

.. CAD = CBE, A = B AC = CB
AB < AC + CB = 2AC
257

)
B

ADH = CDH AH = HC
BH BH
BD.
(102)
)
B

C
258

AMD = CHE
)
B

B1

A2

C2

C3
A3

B2

B3

A1

AOC2 = A1O1C3 AC2 = A1C3


AB = A1B1 ABC = A1B1C1 3-
)
B
B2
C1

A1
O
A2

C2

B1

A2OB2 = A1OB1 1- A1B1 = A2B2.


: C1A1 = C2A2 B1C1 = B2C2 A1B1C1 = A2B2C2
259

3- .

. 102
)
B

18, 162, 118.


)
D

F
A

A = x C = 3x, .. B = 60, 60 + 4x = 180


4x = 120 x = 30 A = 30 FAB = 150

260

)
D
P

C
.. AOC = DOB, AOP = POD PO , ..
AO = OD, PO , ..
, PO.
. 103
) .. ,
10 , 20 (
) = 20 + 20 + 10 = 50 ().
)
B

C = 180 100 40 = 40 AB = BC. .. BDC ,


BDC > C BC = AB > BD.
261

P
D

M
DKM = 50 20 = 30 MD = DK.
DK > DP, .. 100 > 20 DP < MD.
. 103
)
A
D

O
C
AOC = DOB C = D AC || DB
)
B

262

.. AB || DC, BAC = ACD.


.. BC || AD, BCA = CAD ABC = CDA
AB = DC, AD = BC, ABC = ADC
)
B

C
D
K
.. ABC
, A = H = K = C HED = KED
HD = DK AH = KC
A

. 103
)
A

.. AC= AB, CAO = BAO AOC = AOB 1- .


)
263

.. AB = BC BD , AD = DC. ADM = CDH


AMD = CHD 2- AM = HC.
)
B

AOD = COD AD = DC
ADB = CDB 2- ABD = CBD
BP O AB BC.
. 103
)
A

264

AD = AC + BD BC = 15 ()
)
C

D
ACK = BED 3-
)
M

A L C

KL =

1
(AB CD) + CD = 4 + 7 = 11
2

KML KML = 60.

265

. 104
)
B

AB = BC AM = HC A = C AMK = CHK
)
C

C1

A1

D1

B1

DBC = D1B1C1 DB = D1B1


A1D1 = AD ADC = A1D1C1 2- A = A1
ABC = A1B1C1 2- .

266

)
B

AMD = CHD 1- AM = HC
MAD = HCD A = C AB = BC MB = BH .
. 104
)
B
D

x, 2x + x 27 = 180
3x = 180 27 x = 60 9 x = 51. : 51, 51, 78.

267

D
A

A = x, x + x + 4x = 180 x = 30 AB = 2BD = 24
)
B

M
K

KM ME AC. KAP = 120,


PKA = 40 P = 20. Q = 30 KME = 130.

268

. 104
) x + 5x = 180 6x = 180 x = 30
: 30 150.
)
B

BH, AH = HC DH = HE
DBH = EBH 2- BD = BE.
)

C
D

AOC = COE =

180o
= 90. BOC = 90 60 = 30.
2

COD = 90 30 = 60. BOD = 30 + 60 = 90


AOC = BOD 2- AC = BD.
269

. 104
) C = 180 100 20 = 60. BCD = 60 40 = 20
BDC = 180 100 20 = 60
) BDC = 180

1
1
(B + C) = 180 (180 A) = 140.
2
2

AO = OC CAO = ACO = 70 COA = 40


COB = 140 OCB = OBC =

180o 140o
= 20
2

ACB = 90, CBO = 20


! . 105 !
)
B

. AH HC,
, . H
BH AC, .
B A B C. ABC .
270

. . ,
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
.
)
A

C
A1

. AA1.
, 90 A1OC AA1 ,
271

A.
C. ,
AC BB1.
B. ABC .

272