Noise reduction in a launch vehicle fairing using actively tuned loudspeakers

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THEORY:Fairing Acoustics: A rocket fairing is a flexible structure surrounding an acoustic enclosure that protects the payload during the ascent against the impact of the atmosphere (aerodynamic pressure and aerodynamic heating). Once outside the atmosphere, the fairing is jettisoned, thus exposing the payload. Fairings have been generally made of metals but recently composite materials have also been used for the purpose. The main advantages of using composites are reduced weight and cost of the launch vehicle. But, because of less weight, it allows more transmission of exterior disturbances. Vibration of the fairing excites acoustic resonances within the enclosure, which detrimentally couple to the payload. Vibration of the fairing excites acoustic resonances within the enclosure, which detrimentally couple to the payload.

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