A newspaper is a regularly scheduled publication containing news, information, and advertising. By 2007 there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world (including 1456 in the U.S.) selling 395 million copies a day (55 million in the U.S). The worldwide recession of 2008, combined with the rapid growth of web-based alternatives, caused a serious decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers closed or sharply retrenched operations. General-interest newspapers typically publish stories on local and national political events and personalities, crime, business, entertainment, society and sports. Most traditional papers also feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and columns that express the personal opinions of writers. Other features include display and classified advertising, comics, and inserts from local merchants. The newspaper is typically funded by paid subscriptions and advertising. A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers, including editorial opinions, criticism, persuasion and op-eds; obituaries; entertainment features such as crosswords, sudoku and horoscopes; weather news and forecasts; advice, food and other columns; reviews of movies, plays and restaurants; classified ads; display ads, editorial cartoons and comic strips.

Newspaper History – the origin of newspapers in India & around the World
Origin of Newspapers: The History of newspapers is arguably one of the most dramatic episodes of human experience. The actual origin of newspapers lies in the Renaissance Europe when local merchants used to distribute handwritten newsletters amongst each other. However it was not until the late 1400’s when Germany introduced the precursors of printed newspapers. Since then newspapers have evolved dramatically and today there are more than 6580 daily newspapers in the World. A typical modern day newspaper is filled with various materials like editor’s columns, newspaper classified ads , newspaper display ads, forecasts, comic strips, entertainment section and much more. Unfortunately the sudden economic downturn has also seen the rise of electronic or web-based versions of newspaper journals which automatically resulted in a decline in newspaper classified advertising and circulation.

It was during the same time that the first newspaper of the country was introduced in Calcutta (Kolkata).History and origin of newspapers in India: The history of newspapers in India is equally interesting. History and Evolution of Indian Newspapers: Although there was a flurry of English broadsheets during the eighteenth century. The Hindu newspaper which was launched as a competitor of Madras Mail became the first national newspaper of the country. The newspaper titled Calcutta General Advertise or Hickey’s Bengal Gazette was introduced by an eccentric Irishman called James Augustus Hickey during the 1780’s. Newspapers in India. Soon it became the voice of the nation during the establishment period. with the publication of the Bengal Gazette from Calcutta. First on the list were two Bengali newspapers called Samachar Darpan and Bengal Gazette while the first Hindi newspaper was Samachar Sudha Varshan. The introduction of newspapers in India was hastened by the spreading sense globalization amongst the countrymen who wished to be informed about the recent events in the world. Newspapers in India have played a major role in the growth and development of the nation. In the years to come India was the establishment of another newspaper daily in the form of Bombay Herald followed closely by Bombay Courier. . newspapers in regional languages made its way much later during the second half of the nineteenth century. The history newspaper in India began in 1780. Indian Press Indian print media is at a massive business in the media world and its newspapers are said to offer majority of national and international news.

Thus. Thus regional papers in India aim at providing localised news for their readers. followed by the `Bombay Courier` in the following year. Later. the first thing a literate person would try to do is read the vernacular papers and gain knowledge about his own locality. partly due to their own research and more owing to the efforts of the regional papers to make the advertisers aware of the huge market. These newspapers carried news of the areas under the British rule. newspapers in India not only acted as news providers but also promoters of certain market products. The Telegraph. Eventually. which is still in existence. the first newspaper from Bombay (now Mumbai). The Economic Times. Infrastructure. the `Bengal Gazetti`. The first issue of this daily was published from the Serampore Mission Press on May 23. . Calcutta (now Kolkata). weekly. 1818. Finance. Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya started publishing another newspaper in Bengali. it is now published in other regional languages like Hindi. carrying news about the Economy. On July 1. monthly and annual publications from Kerala. James Augustus Hickey is considered the "father of Indian press" as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta. Stocks. the first vernacular paper was started during the period of Lord Hastings. In the same year. Tamil. Started in 1988 in Tamil and Telegu languages. Marathi. The main reason was the marketing strategy that was followed by the regional papers. Indian Express and so on. 1780. Malayala Manorama features about 10 editions in Kerala itself and six others outside Kerala.a Telugu daily started by Ramoji Rao. The second reason was the growing literacy rate. The people were first educated in their mother tongue according to their state in which they live for and eventually. Malayalam. Indian regional papers have several editions for a particular state to offer a complete scenario of local news for the reader to connect with the paper. Samachar Darpan. the Bombay Samachar. Moreover. 1822 the first Gujarati newspaper. Some of the prominent newspapers in India in the recent times are The Times of India. Increase in the literacy rate had direct positive effect on the rise of circulation of the regional papers. The Malayala Manorama releases daily. the Samachar Sudha Varshan started its circulation in 1854. localisation of news has also contributed to the growth of regional newspapers in India. the `Bengal Gazette` or `Calcutta General Advertise` in January. The Indian language newspapers eventually took over the English newspapers according to the NRS survey of newspapers. the `Bombay Herald` appeared. This first printed newspaper was a weekly publication. was published from Bombay. Telugu. Urdu and Bengali. Companies. The Economic Times is one of the India`s leading business newspapers. news from around the world and from the world of politics besides editorial and various other features. the prominent Indian languages in which newspapers had been published over the years are Hindi. Forex and Commodities.The advent of the first newspaper in India occurred in the capital city of West Bengal. The first Hindi newspaper. In 1789. this newspaper merged with the Times of India in 1861. Since then. the advertisers also realised the huge potential of the regional paper market. The first newspaper published in an Indian language was the Samachar Darpan in Bengali. commencing with Eenadu . The Statesman. Trends in the Economy. These advertisers paid revenues to the newspaper house and in return publicised their products throughout the locality.

000 newspapers. By 2007. About 5. It publishes the largest number of `paid-for titles` in the world. However. the Press Trust of India (PTI). Coleman and Company. Newspaper circulation rates are currently experiencing a downward trend. The newspapers collected their news from the news agencies. During the 1950s. India consumed 99 million newspaper copies as of 2007.856 dailies in 1990 with 209 English dailies. are published daily in nearly 100 languages.22% in 2007. . In 1997.805 dailies). as well as in English.000 periodicals are also published in India. circulations are audited by independent bodies such as the Audit Bureau of Circulations to assure advertisers that a given newspaper does indeed reach the number of people claimed by the publisher. 62 of the world`s best selling newspaper dailies were published in countries like China. Newspapers and magazines in India are independent and usually privately owned. and India. and the Maharashtra Times (Marathi language). since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the reader. The Times of India was founded in 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce by Bennett. selling about 11 lakhs 50 thousand copies daily. Newspaper circulation A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. United News of India (UNI). Readership figures are usually higher than circulation figures because of the assumption that a typical copy of the newspaper is read by more than one person. All the major news media outlets have an accompanying news website. The periodicals specialize in various subjects but the majority of them deal with subjects of general interest. The Times Group publishes The Economic Times (launched in 1961). Over 40. Among the various publications. Newspaper sale in the country increased by 11. 150 of them major publications. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold. 44 were English language dailies while the rest were published in various regional languages. The total number of newspapers published in the country reached 35. Newspapers in India have almost created a huge industry in the nation. a colonial enterprise now owned by an Indian conglomerate. making it the second largest market in the world for newspapers. the Malayala Manorama Daily has the largest circulation.Bengali. Japan. This number rose to 2. Navbharat Times (Hindi language). Samachar Bharti and Hindustan Smachar. Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. 214 daily newspapers were published in the country. A new class of newspapers in India is entirely Internet based. In many countries. the total number of newspapers and periodicals published in India was around 41705. India has four news agencies namely. which include 4720 dailies and 14743 weeklies. often called paid circulation.595 newspapers by 1993 (3. Out of these. in the last one decade the news media in India has changed rapidly.

547 and states Various cities 2.349 and states Owner Owned by Bennett. Owned by Malayala Manorama Group Founded in 1878. Daily Circulation(in Millions) Various cities 3.146 and states Various cities 2.168 and states Various cities in Kerala and 1.360 and states Various cities in Andhra Pradesh and 1. These figures are mainly compiled by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. Jagaran Prakashan Ltd.230 and states Various cities 1.. West 1. DB Crop Ltd. owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd. Ltd.277 Bengal Various cities 1. exposed the Bofors scandal Founded in 1974.514 a few other cities Various cities 1. State Newspaper 1 The Times of India Dainik Bhaskar Dainik Jagran Malayala Manorama Language English 2 3 दैिनक भासकर दैिनक जागरण മലയാള മോനാരമ Hindi Hindi 4 Malayalam 5 The Hindu English 6 Eenadu ఈనడ Telugu 7 Deccan Chronicle English Ananda Bazar Patrika 8 আননবাজার পিতকা Amar Ujala Bengali Kolkata. Some newspapers whose circulation figures are under dispute do not appear on this list. Coleman and Co.350 few other cities Various cities 1..143 and states 9 10 अमर उजाला Hindi Hindustan Times English . Owns Deccan Chargers franchise of the Indian Premier League Owned by Ananda Publishers Mainly prominent in the Hindi heartland Owned by HT Media Ltd City.This is a list of the top 30 newspapers in India by daily circulation. owned by Ramoji Group.

077 a few other cities Ahmedabad.840 Gujarat Varanasi. Adithanar Gujarati version of the Dainik Bhaskar 13 മാതഭമി Gujarat Samachar Malayalam 14 ગુજરાત સમાચાર Punjab Kesari Gujarati 15 पंजाब क े सरी Hindi States of Punjab. Founder Jagat Narain was assassinated by Sikh militants on September 9. .051 Gujarat 12 సక Mathrubhumi Telugu Hindi extension of the Hindustan Times Established in 2008.902 16 Dinakaran தனகரன Sakaal Tamil Various cities in Tamil Nadu and a few . owned by Y.748 Uttar Pradesh Various cities . Jagan Mohan Reddy.256 major cities in India Various cities in Kerala and 1. P.142 and states Various cities in Andhra Pradesh and 1.S. 1.901 other cities Various cities in .651 and states 17 सकाळ Dina Thanthi Marathi 18 தனததநத Divya Bhaskar Tamil 19 20 21 િદવય ભાસકર Aaj Gujarati Hindi English आज The Economic Times Owned by Bennett.879 Maharashtra Various cities in Tamil Nadu . .11 Hindustan िहनदस ु तान Sakshi Hindi Various cities 1. Harayana . Also runs the Sakshi news channel Owned by The Mathrubhumi Group Owned by Lok Prakashan Ltd. 1981 Bought out by SUN TV group in 2005 Launched English version Sakaal Times in 2008 Founded by S. Coleman and Co. .854 and a few other cities Ahmedabad.

172 and states Various cities .400 and states Karnataka . Owned by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited Owned by Udayavani Owned by The Statesman Ltd. Owned by Ananda Publishers Owned by Diligent Media Corporation Owned by The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited Owned by Express Publications Ltd.185 26 English 27 28 29 ಉದಯವಾಣ The Statesman The Hindu Business Line Kannada English English Various cities . (BSL) Type Price Owner Daily newspaper Rs. Owned by Business Standard Ltd.2. .214 and states Karnataka .22 23 The Telegraph DNA Prajavani English English Various cities .364 24 ಪರಜಾವಾಣ The New Indian Express Deccan Herald Udayavani Kannada 25 English Various cities .309 and states Various cities . Owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd.144 and states 30 Business Standard English Ltd.465 and states Various cities .163 and states Various cities .00 Kasturi & Sons Ltd.

45 million. With a circulation of 1. 1878 English Headquarters 859-860 Anna Salai Rd. and slightly ahead of The Economic Times. and started publishing daily in 1889. Ram September 20.thehindu. Headquartered at Chennai (formerly called Madras). Delhi. Chennai.[3] The Hindu is published from 13 locations — Bangalore. Tamil Nadu 600002 India Circulation ISSN OCLC Official website 1. Chennai. Hyderabad. Madurai. Thiruvananthapuram. The Hindu is an English-language Indian daily newspaper. especially Tamil Nadu.453. The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in 1878. The Hindu became. Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. in 1995. .[2] It has its largest base of circulation in South India. Kochi.Publisher Editor-in-chief Founded Language The Hindu Group N.[1] The Hindu is the second-largest circulated daily English newspaper in India after Times of India. the first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition. Mangalore. Kolkata.2 million. Coimbatore.405 daily[1] 0971-751X 13119119 beta. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008 The Hindu is the third most-widely read English newspaper in India (after Times of India and Hindustan Times) with a readership of 5.

The building itself became The Hindu's in 1892. 1878. is was published on every Monday. 1883. Subba Rao Pantulu were members of the Triplicane Literary Society. Aiyer was the editor and Veeraraghavachariar the Managing Director. The earliest available issue of the paper is dated June 21. Kesava Rao Pantulu and N. held that British rule had been beneficial to Indian people. After a month of printing from the Srinidhi Press. Muthuswami Iyer. the newspaper switched to the Scottish Press. The Hindu was published every Wednesday evening as an eight-page paper. it was equally convinced that the Anglo-Indian Press should be challenged. christened "The National Press. and four law students. P. D.[4] Initially printing 80 copies a week at the Srinidhi Press in Mint Street. with the intention of making it triweekly. Black Town. 1883. as in an editorial of 1894. Subramania Aiyer. Wednesday and Friday evening. Veeraraghavachariar of Chingleput. by a group of six young men." Three of the students soon left the paper and took up careers in law.T. T. along with his 21-year-old fellowtutor and friend at Pachaiyappa's College. gave The National Press a loan both for the building and to carry out needed expansion. The Britishcontrolled English language local newspapers had been campaigning against the appointment of the first Indian. Rangachariar." writes historian S. to the Bench of the Madras High Court in 1878. and the abuse of power exposed. . The offices moved to rented premises at 100 Mount Road on December 3. it moved to Ragoonada Row's 'The Hindu Press' of Mylapore. Aiyer. a radical social reformer and school teacher from Thiruvaiyyar near Thanjavur. The founders of the newspaper maintained a neutral stance regarding British rule. "However. The first editorial declared. The newspaper started printing at its own press there. 1881. starting on October 1.V. but also modifies and moulds it. despotic bureaucrats condemned. led by G." which was established on borrowed capital as public subscriptions were not forthcoming. and occasionally. Rangachariar. T. Muthiah. while Pantulu continued to write for The Hindu. where. M. Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju. In 1881.History The first issue of The Hindu was published on September 20." in an attempt to counter the dominant attitudes in the English language press started The Hindu on one British rupee and twelve annas of borrowed money. also in Black Town. each a quarter of today's page size and sold for four annas (1/4 Rupee). then 23. "The Triplicane Six. "[the] Press does not only give expression to public opinion. This plan did not materialize until it moved to the Empress of India Press. after the Maharaja of Vizianagaram. it continued maintaining the same size as before.

in which his success was middling but his interest minimal.[8][9] An editorial in August 2003 observed that the newspaper was affected by the 'editorialising as news reporting' virus. the paper's coverage of national news increased significantly. a series of documentbacked exclusives set the terms of the national political discourse on this subject. which was down to 800 copies when the sole proprietor decided to sell out. 2003. and led to the paper becoming an evening daily starting April 1. 100 Mount Road. During a six-month period the newspaper published scores of copies of original papers that documented the secret payments. The purchaser was The Hindu's Legal Adviser from 1895. But it also depends on reader beliefs. amounting to $50 million. there were more views than news. However. authorised to "restructure the editorial framework and functions in line with the competitive environment". a politically ambitious lawyer who had migrated from a Kumbakonam village to practise in Coimbatore and from thence to Madras. In late 1980s when its ownership passed into the hands of the family's younger members. "It is true that our readers have been complaining that some of our reports are partial and lack objectivity.[7] On September 3 and 23 . the pre-Thomson Times . Kasturi Ranga Iyengar. Worldpress. into Swiss bank accounts.[5] Joint Managing Director N. and expressed a determination to buck the trend. Murali said in July 2003. there issued a quarto-size paper with a front-page full of advertisements . The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Aiyer was dissolved in October 1898. Nair. Aiyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar became the sole owner and appointed C. Chitra Subramaniam .org lists The Hindu as a left-leaning independent newspaper. The Hindu's adventurousness began to decline in the 1900s and so did its circulation. the Maha Vishnu of Mount Road.and three back pages also at the service of the advertiser. Ram was appointed on June 27. the agreements behind the payments. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar's ancestors had served the courts of Vijayanagar and Mahratta Tanjore. 1889. which to remain The Hindu's home till 1939. communications relating to the payments and the crisis response. Sankaran Nair and Dr T."[4] After 1887. a change[citation needed] in political leaning was observed.[10] In 1987-'88 The Hindu's coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal. the reader's letters column carried responses from readers saying the editorial was biased. 2003 as its editor-in-chief with a mandate to "improve the structures and other mechanisms to uphold and strengthen quality and objectivity in news reports and opinion pieces". He traded law. restore the professionally sound lines of demarcation. "From the new address." [6] N.a practice that came to an end only in 1958 when it followed the lead of its idol. Karunakara Menon as editor. The Bofors scandal broke in April 1987 with Swedish Radio alleging that bribes had been paid to top Indian political leaders. when the annual session of Indian National Congress was held in Madras. officials and Army officers in return for the Swedish arms manufacturing company winning a hefty contract with the Government of India for the purchase of 155 mm howitzers.Its assertive editorials earned The Hindu the nickname. The investigation was led by part-time correspondent of The Hindu. S. for journalism. In between. pursuing his penchant for politics honed in Coimbatore and by his association with the `Egmore Group' led by C. and strengthen objectivity and factuality in its coverage. and other material.M.

S Rangarajan. Kasturi as Editor. a new and sophisticated colour palette. using large photographs. an efficient indexing or 'navigation' system. On the look of the newspaper. Malini Parthasarathy. Nalini Krishnan. avoiding carry-over of news stories from one page to another. including (where appropriate and necessary) long text. and was supported by Ram in Chennai. and introducing boxes. N. filed cases against the paper for "breach of privilege" of the state legislative body.[12] The younger generation of The Hindu's editors have also contributed much to its commercial success. since June 27. N Murali. the Indian National Congress. Nirmala Lakshman. a clear hierarchy of stories.[11] In 1991. panels. and by offering the advertiser better value and new opportunities. adopting modular layout and make-up.reporting from Geneva. but also by enabling photographs. In 2003. Ananth Krishnan. and its leader Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The Hindu emerged unscathed from the ordeal. The scandal was a major embarrassment to the party in power at the centre. introducing colour. 2005 (redesign by Mario Garcia and Jan Kny). printing and distribution. . former managing director and chairman since April 2006. and white space to have an enhanced role on the pages. N. by giving the reader more legible typography. editor-in-chief Ram writes. Executive Editor. who is the first member of the youngest generation of the family to join the business has been working as a special correspondent in Chennai and Mumbai since 2007." Major layout changes appeared starting <date missing< (redesign by Edwin Taylor) and starting Apr 14. However. highlights. of which Chennai is the capital. and by his brother. The focus of Garcia's redesign was on "giving pre-eminence to text. Ravi from 1991 to 2003. The move was widely perceived as a government's assault on freedom of the press. K Balaji. died on 8 February 2007. Malini Parthasarathy. and briefs. Kasturi from 1965 to 1991. Deputy Editor N. Ram. "The Hindu has been through many evolutionary changes in layout and design. as it instantly commanded the support of the journalistic community throughout the country. They built a modern infrastructure for news-gathering. Ram's younger brother replaced G. transforming the format of the editorial page to make it a purely 'views' page. Kasturi Srinivasan's granddaughter."[13] The Hindu is family-run. for instance. including Nirmala Lakshman. the Jayalalitha Government of the state of Tamil Nadu. 2003. scoring both political and legal victories. K Venugopal and Ramesh Rangarajan are directors of The Hindu and its parent company. moving news to the front page that used to be an ad kingdom. became Joint Editor of The Hindu and her sister. Ravi. The paper's editorial accused the Prime Minister of being party to massive fraud and cover up. other graphics. It was headed by G. Other family members. Kasturi and Sons.

Subramania Iyer (1878–1898) M.First to use computer aided photo composing 1986 . Balaji.Partial list of directors • • • • • • • G. N. Murali (sons of G.First to use satellite for facsimile transmission 1994 . Ramesh Rangarajan. Narasimhan (1959–1977) N. Ram (1977–). Narasimhan). Ravi and N. Venugopal and Lakshmi Srinath (children of G.First to adopt wholly computerized integration of text and graphics in page make-up and remote imaging 1995 . Malini Parthasarathy.N. Achievements The Hindu has many firsts in India to its credit. Vijaya Arun and Akila Iyengar (children of S.First to introduce colour 1963 . Rangaswami (1923–1926) K. K. Kasturi).Becomes India national news paper Features and Supplements . Srinivasan (1926–1959) G.First to adopt facsimile system of page transmission 1980 . Veeraraghavachariar (1898–1904) Kasturi Ranga Iyengar (1904–1923) S.First newspaper to go on Internet 1999 . Parthasarathy). there are 12 directors in the board of Kasturi & Sons . Ram. Rangarajan). Nirmala Lakshman and Nalini Krishnan (children of S.First to own fleet of aircraft for distribution 1969 . which include the following • • • • • • • • 1940 . As of 2010. K. Editor-in-Chief Board of Directors The Hindu Group is managed by the descendants of Kasturi Ranga Iyengar.

. art. The journalistic excellence is well showcased by the newspaper. The newspaper provides the readers with a broad and balanced news coverage with great reporting and sober. On Saturdays • On Sundays • . Its dedication and confidence of news publication has made a newspaper to look for today. gardening. arts. Technology & Agriculture On Fridays • • • Friday Features covering cinema.. appears once a month. hobbies etc... an exclusive children's supplement. Quest.. Metro Plus Weekly Magazine covering social issues. music and entertainment Young World. literature. a supplement by children for children. Engineering. Its correspondents posted in major capitals have a sharp nose for news and give priority to reason over emotion. health. cuisine. thoughtful comments. Supplements On Mondays • • • Metro Plus Business Review Education Plus On Tuesdays • • • Metro Plus Education Book Review On Wednesdays • Metro Plus On Thursdays • • Metro Plus Science. tomorrow and forever. travel.Hindu has a wide appeal on the English-speaking section of India and is also quite popular among the government officials and business leaders.

co.Business Daily » Sportstar .in Subscription Queries: subs@thehindu.An annual review of the Environment » THE HINDU SPEAKS ON series .co.An annual review on Indian Industries » Survey of Indian Agriculture . Information Technology. .The Last 200 days.Weekly Sports magazine » Frontline . clearly mentioning the subject.Libraries. » FROM THE PAGES OF THE HINDU: Mahatma Gandhi .An annual review on Indian Agriculture » Survey of the Environment .co. Contacts Please email.Fortnightly magazine » Survey of Indian Industry . Letters to the Editor (Your complete mailing address is required): letters@thehindu. Religious Values. the group publishes: » The Hindu Business Line .in Advertisements Queries (Online/Print): inetads@thehindu. Readers' Editor: readerseditor@thehindu.Apart from The Hindu. Scientific Facts.

Coleman & Co. The Times Group Jaideep Bose Associate editor Jug Suraiya Founded Language 3 November 1838 English . Ltd.Comments on the website: web.00 Phone : 91-44-2857 6300 The Times of India Type Price Owner Publisher Editor-in-chief Daily newspaper Rs.2.thehindu@thehindu.

tabloid. New Delhi. as well as the The Times of India (TOI) is an English-language broadsheet newspaper that is widely read throughout India. Berliner and online). 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. Coleman & Co. Delhi 110002 India Circulation OCLC 3. TOI Online is the world's most-visited newspaper website with 159 million page views in May 2009.146. Washington Post. Published every Saturday and Wednesday. ahead of the New York Times. placing as the 8th largest selling newspaper in any language in the world. In the 19th century this newspaper company employed more . History The Times Of India was founded on November 3. The Sun. The daily editions of the paper were started from 1850 and in 1861. during the British Raj.000 Daily 23379369 Official website Timesofindia. It has the largest circulation among all English-language newspapers in the world.Times House Headquarters 7 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. the Bombay Times was renamed The Times of India. It contained news from Britain and the world. In 2008. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family.14 million) it was certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations as the world's largest selling Englishlanguage daily newspaper. Ltd. the newspaper reported that (with a circulation of over 3. compact. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2010. across all formats (broadsheet.4 million. Daily Mail and USA Today websites. This ranks the Times of India as the top English newspaper in India by readership. According to ComScore. the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 13. It is owned and managed by Bennett. The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce was launched as a bi-weekly edition.

but attracted the Times's Indian shareholders. known as The Times Group. The Times is self-declared as a liberal newspaper. and started India's first news agency. who made him the permanent editor. frequently resisting the attempts by governments. Knight helped create a vibrant national newspaper industry in British India. Knight led the paper to national prominence. ridiculing income taxes. Few extended beyond their small communities and seldom tried to unite the many castes.Pune Mirror. Times today The Times of India is published by the media group Bennett. and regional subcultures of India. he bought out the Indian shareholders and merged with the rival Bombay Standard. and exposing school systems that disregarded Indian customs and needs. and is sometimes described as irreverent. the Navbharat Times (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet). He broke with the rest of the English language press (which focused on Indian savagery and treachery) and instead blamed the violence on the lack of discipline and poor leadership in the army.than 800 people and had a sizable circulation in India and Europe. he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to the Times of India. The present management of The Times Group has been instrumental in changing the outlook of Indian journalism. The son of a son of a London bank clerk from the lower-middle-class. Robert Knight (1825–1892) was the principal founder and the first editor of the Times. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation. business interests. This company. also publishes The Economic Times. The Anglo-Indian papers promoted purely British interests. When the Sepoy Mutiny erupted. It was after India's Independence that the ownership of the paper passed on to the then famous industrial family of Dalmiyas and later it was taken over by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain of the Sahu Jain group from Bijnore. UP. That angered the Anglo community. tribes. Ltd. Mumbai Mirror. In 1861. as is elsewhere in the world. India's press in the 1840s was a motley collection of small-circulation daily or weekly sheets printed on rickety presses. and cultural spokesmen. along with its other group companies. In 1860. Knight was acting editor of the Bombay Times and Standard. Knight blasted the mismanagement and greed of the Raj. attacking annexation policies that appropriated native lands and arbitrarily imposed taxes on previously exempt land titles. Knight proved a skilled writer and passionate reformer. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. Coleman & Co. the Maharashtra Times (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet). In India. the Editor of a newspaper has traditionally been considered as the most notable position in a newspaper .

set up. According to the Indian Relationship Survey conducted by the Media Research User Council.which has made it a professional entity and ensured its place as the most profitable newspaper in the country. In January 2007. the Kannada edition was launched in Bangalore and in April 2008 the Chennai edition was launched. The main newspaper and its many sub-editions are now run by editors who are appointed within the ranks and the company gives equal chance to everyone to occupy the editor's seat. in keeping with the management policy of treating the newspaper as just another brand in the market.841 . Average Daily Circulation 3. the list of top 10 newspaper of India are as follow:Dainik Jagran • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Dainik Bhaskar Hindustan local Amar Ujala Lokmat Daily Thanti Dinakaran Ananda Bazar Patrika Eenadu Rajasthan Patrika The Times of India Hindustan Times The Hindu The Telegraph Deccan Chronical World Top 10 .K.English Language Newspaper Newspaper The Sun Country U.472. which hold second and third position by circulation. The Times Group also places equal focus and importance to every department and function . however. The Times of India. changed this in the early 1990s. Their main rivals in India are The Hindu and Hindustan Times.

000 1.960 1.889 957.45 million. Mangalore. The Hindu is the second-largest circulated daily English newspaper in India after Times of India. and slightly ahead of The Economic Times.020. According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008 The Hindu is the third most-widely read English newspaper in India (after Times of India and Hindustan Times) with a readership of 5. The Hindu is published from 13 locations — Bangalore. especially Tamil Nadu. Delhi.109. Coimbatore. . and started publishing daily in 1889.000 1. the first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition.476.800. Kolkata.610. Tiruchirapalli.187.USA Today The Daily Mail The Mirror Times Of India Wall Street Journal New York Times The Daily Telegraph Daily Express Los Angeles Times USA UK UK India USA USA UK UK USA 2. Headquartered at Chennai (formerly called Madras). Thiruvananthapuram.625 2. With a circulation of 1. in 1995.574 944. Kochi.2 million.879. Chennai. Madurai.255 2. It has its largest base of circulation in South India. Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam.607 1. The Hindu became. Hyderabad. The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in 1878.000 The Hindu is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.