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.R. BalliereTindall.. 14:391-399.38: ll21-1141 .. Clin.Dental Update. The Mouth and PerioralTissuesin Health and Disease.Pediatr. LukerJ. LukerJ. & Budnick S. 1990.4. 15: 15-25.2. & Ebling F. Paediatricoral medicine. Balliere Tindall.1991. Dilley D. & Scully C. 1989. N. 2689-27 69. & MasonD.l. D . Clin. N.H. LukerJ. Paediatric oral medicine. & ScullyC.Oxford.Dental Update.118: 412-416. Bony lesionsand deformitiesof the face (1988).L.. & GoepferdS.A.A. Amer.15: 198-201.Eds: JonesJ. London. 5.Preventiveoral healthcarefor the infant. R.Clin. Clin. Dental Update. In: Textbook of Dermatology. & Scully C. child and adolescent N.D. A n d r e a s e n 1993. Amer. ScullyC.& Scully C. Paediatricoral medicine. Heinemann. The oral mucosa(i) (1988).Amer.J. Clin.J. Paediatricoral medicine.K.Oxford. Oral Diseases. ScullyC. W e l b u r yR . of SystemicDisease. 1996.Eds: ChampionR.. RadiographInterpretationin Dentistry.J.15: 108-134 LukerJ.Pediatr. G .Identifying normal and abnormaldevelopmentof dentalocclusion(1991). .15:292-298. SmithR. Braham R. Diagnosing and treatingcommon oral pathologies(1991). Paediatricoral medicine. B lackwells. ScullyC.22S'.ThePractitioner.38: 1227 (1991). Paediatric oral medicine. & Frankenthaler Callender HeadNeckSurg..D. C h i l d p h y s i c a l a b u s e .J. T h e r o l eto t049-1081..Dental Update.G. Amer. Clin. R . In: Oral Manifestations D.Pediatr. LukerJ.Arch.Clin.H. & Mason D.. Amer.R. malformations 2nd edition. & J o s e l l S . & Scully C. Copenhagen.Further Reading P1 e)d hfe p e d i a t r i c i a n i n o r a l h e a l t h c a r e ( 1 9 9 . Pediatr. CIin. M.Pediatr.Pediatr..Oxford.N. & Greenspan 2nd edition.Eds: of SystemicDisease. D..L. London. Amer. PooleA. Oxford University Press. 38: \149-ltj l. I. Amer.. The role of the pediatricianin identifying and treatingdentalcaries(1991).G.& Scully C.5th edition.38: 1209-1226.. Primary immunodeficiency. J.38: A b r a m s R . (199-l).H.. pp.. The gingiva (1988).O. & Redford-Badwal D.pp. LukerJ. 162-182. 1. Josell S. & ScullyC. in medically of oral disease involvementin preventionand treatment R.O. N. Munksgaard.Dental Update.& Sanders B. PorterS. The pediatrician's Cooley compromised children (1991).C. Johnsen 38:1173-1201.K. Amer. PorterS.iatr. -1263.L.London.L. Jones J. (1984). & Scully C.Pediatr. 1990..R. Clin.Dental Update. The oral mucosa(ii) (1988). RobertA. Managing common dentalproblemsand emergencies 38:1325-1350.. The teeth (1988). Secondary immunodeficiency.15:370-313.I n : T r a u m a t i cI n j u r i e s o f t h e T e e t h . Otolaryngol. Kaufman F. In: Oral Manifestations Porter S. 3 r d e d i t i o n . 5. Burton J. Managingthe cleft lip and palatepatient (1991).38: 1089-1125.& AbramsR. SiegelM. N. Amer.. Martin Dunitz. 38: 1265-1281. Salivary gland neoplasms D. 112-161. Structural abnormalitiesof the craniofacial complex and congenital (1991). GriffenA. N. E d . & PorterS. 199I.E.319-325.Pediatr. Soft tissuelesionsof the face and neck (1987). The oral cavity.pp. ScullyC. N.C.3. Oral softtissuelesionsin childrenand adolescents in children (1992).

salivary (sialoliths) 112 Calculus (tarrar) 14. 133-135 Angular stomatitis(angularcheilitis. 84 Bleeding. 85 Bone marrow fansplantation 84. 1 8 . 4lL Ca1cu1i. 282 Facial palsy l2l. 5 2 Cusp of Carabelli 47.49 Cowden's syndrome (multiple hamartoma and neoplasiasyndrome) 18. facial 118 Aspergillosis9l Bednar's ulcer 108 Behçet's syndrome 82. drug-induced 74. 64-l Ehlers-Danlos syndrome 23.43-46 immunodeficiency. 256 periapical (dental abscess. l0? 249-25I. 25 Crohn's disease 89 C r o u z o n ' ss y n d r o m e1 1 . hereditary 28. lI8. 176 neonatal gingival 27.248 Cancrum ot''s (noma) 72. Abscesses lateral periodontal (parodontal) 76. 127 trauma77. 56. subungual 80 Fibrous dysplasia115.227-231 Dental calcuius (tartar) 74. 5540. 176 Erythema migrans (geographic tongur benign migratory glossitis) 26. 28U282 Benign migratory glossitis 26. 361 cysts (Epstein'spearls. 37 l-37 2 Angiofibromas 25. 370 cheilitis granulomatosa 399-400 exfoliative 120 lipJicking 120. 3 En coup de sabre 122. 43-46 Chvostek'ssign 32 Clefting disorders 13. 392 Cat scrâtch disease 119. 31.208-210 Focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck's disease) 96 Fragilitas ossium 38. 82.274. 33-36.Index Numbers in normal print are page numbers. 153-155 Dentinogenesis imperfecta 19-20.242 Candidosis (thrush) AIDS 79. 48 Chronic mucocutaneous candidosis15.50-51 Coxsackie virus infection 94 Craniosynostosis 1l. 36.272 Ameloblastoma 117.271 Candidosis-endocrinopathysyndrome15. 358 Ectodermal dysplasia 22. oral I 19.394 Cerebral palsy 11. 291-299 Cherubism (familial fibrous dysplasia) 12.familial 105. 163 Enamel hypoplasta 5 l.405 Enamel clefts 5 1.274.2l . 37-40 C o e l i a cd i s e a s e { g l u t e ns e n s i t i v e enteropathy) 93. 283-289 non-accidental I24. 113-114 Geographic tongue 26. non-accidental 123. 227 -231 Acatalasia103 Acrocephalosyndactyly I l.49 giant cell 76. 370 Ankyloglossia (tongue tie) 10. l2l-122 Gardner'ssyndrome56 Gargoylism 35. 342-343 Bums 86. 27 Cheek-biting (morsicatio buccarum) 87. 164-17 | chemotherapy 292 congenital hypoparathyroidism 99 epiloia 81 Encephalofacial angiomatosis 41. 131 Down'ssyndromel3. 28:29 Chickenpox 108. 23-24 Ankylosis Apert's syndrome 26 teeth46.2l. congenital15. 225. 255 Eruption cysts 54. 393 Cellulitis 120.258-261 Gingival fibromatosis.v a n C r e r e l d s y n d r o m e1 2 .395-400 actinic 395 angular82.365 mucosa13.262:265 haemophilia 31 mucosal disorders 79-80. 262-265 chemotherapy 299 chronic mucocutaneous 15. 1 0 5 Epiloia (tuberous sclerosis. cheilosis.229-231 Cytomegalovirus infection 79. 13! Eosinophilic granuloma 98 Epidermolysis bullosa 24. 277:279 iron-deficiency 109. pleomorphic salivary I14.Bohn's no in neonates 27. 265 Deep mycoses91. 262-270 necrotising gingivitis 7 l.78 Angiomatosis. 32. 70E l l i s .6143 Duncan's disease 97 Dwarfism30 Dysautonomia. 122 Depigmentation25. 85 hyperplasia. 84 Giant cell granuloma(giant cell epulis)' Gilles de 1aTourette syndrome 105 Gingivae bleeding99-100. 406-409 Brushfield spots21.2 5 1 . 89. numbers in bold print refer to illustrations. 290 Cheilitis 120. 85 Epstein-Ban virus 97.43 Carcinoma. 106. 53-54 Cysts eruption 54. 396-397 Chemotherapy hypodontia 195 mucosal lesions 87.367-369 Child abuse 108. gingival 99-100. 27 . 84 Erythema multiforme 92. 315-316 Condyloma acuminatum 96 Congenital epulis (granular cell myoblastoma)17.3 6 . 101 Epulides 75 Epulis congenital (granular cell myoblast t7. 32 Dog bites 92. 32. 401-402 Fallot's tetralogy 27. 125 Cleidocranial dysplasia (cleidocranial dysostosis)14.390 Arthromyalgia. 25-26 Actinomycosis 119. 342 AIDS/HIV candidosis 79. 226 Dental abscess 6'7 . 391 Adenoma. 85 odontogenic117 periapical 67. 1 0 7 . 301. Bourneville-Pringie disease)I 77-81 Epstein'spearls27. l5l Cyanosis.encephalofacial 41. 30-32 Chronic granulomatous disease 16. 248 Dental caries48.79 Di George syndrome 15.25-26 Aphthae 82.310 Dolichocephaly40.t4Ll49 Antimalarial drugs 100 Apert's syndrbme (acrocephalosyndactyly) tt. 309 Dens evaginatus 66. 69. 18-21 Anaemla aplastic 84. 106. 406-4Il Chondroectodermal dysplasia (Ellis-van Creveld syndrome) 12. 380 Adenoma sebaceum78 African Burkitt's lymphoma 101. 27. 3 6 5 Cystic fibrosis 19. 77-81 Bruising. 363-365 Boumeville-Pringle disease25. 62 Bruton's syndrome 16 Bruxism 40. 15-17 pigmentation39. l0l. 109. 381-385 famiiial (cherub ism) 12. 351. 3ll-313 Erythema nodosum 85. 85. . 123-124. 105-106 Bohn's nodules27. 109. 128 Bulimia neruosa 174-l7S Burkitt's lymphoma 97. 266-267 periodontitis 268-269 Albright's syndrome 115. 101. 388-389 Amelogenesis imperfecta 9.odontogenic abscess)61. 82. central 83 Cyclosporin 14 . 361 Bloch-Sulzberger disease33. perléche)82. 351.32. 385 Amalgam tattoos81. juvenile rheumatoid ll7 . 42 leukaemia99 mucosal81. 82.275-276 Behçet's syndrome 280 Arthritis. 28-29 Finger clubbing 53 Fluorosis 62.301. 83 Fibromas. 74-7 6 E p i l e p s y1 1 .

301. 37 l-37 2 Jaundice 212 Juvenilerheumatoidarthritis i 17.277.405 Morsicatio buccarum87.HIV infection 266-267 Gingivostomatitis. ll3-114 Mucosa seeOral mucosa M u c o s i t i s1 0 4 . 9t-92 Neuromas. 115 Neutropenia103. 324-326 Hurler'ssyndrome35. 351.370 Pemphigusvulgaris 104. 93-97 Sturge-Weber syndrome41.acute71.3 4 6 Melkersson Rosenthalsyndrome27.50-51 Mumps 112. 240-241 Periodontitis76. 123-124. 322-323 Herpes simplexvirus infection 79. 218-222 Masseteric hypertrophy 116.e /5 Mucous patches359 Multiple basalcell naevi syndrome 29.rs 211 Klippel Feil syndrome l3 Klinefelter's syndrome69 Koilonychia 371 K o p l i k ' s s p o t s1 0 2 .338-341 Lignocaine burn 284 Lips DUllf. congenital 15 16. 106. 300-308 Osteogenesis imperfecta(fragilitasossium) 38.1. 290 Mucoceles 112.328-329 Iron deficiency 1. 125-126 Mohr's syndror. ) lR-t lo .mucosal36. 3 6 3 . 246-247 gingivitisartefacta 258-259 necrotising.330-333 Lesch Nyhan syndrome 105 Letterer Siwe disease 98 Leucopenia84 Leukaenrias 99. 48 G r o w t h d i s o r d e r1 s1 8 Haemangioma 30. 136-137 H y p e r c a l c r e m i r . 279. 107 Lymphangioma 31.361 Hairy leukoplakia 19. 192-200 Hypoparathyroidism 32. 72 Hyperkeratosis 38. 314. 152 carcinoma 119. 227-231 Odontogeniccyst I 17 Odor.125 fissures120"301.253-254 Granulomatosis. 35" ltt-ltz Mesiodens188.376-377 Mycosesd .328-329 Glossitis benignmigratory26.327 lcterus gravis neonatorurn 62.nroïl ffirpr. 69.105-106 (glandularfèver') Infectious mononucleosis 91. 49 Granulomas chronicmucocutaneous candidosisI 5 eosinophilic 98 giantcell 76. 329. 122. 315-316 Goldenhar''s syndrome(ocu1o-auriculovertebral dysplasia) 29.374-375 (Hurler's syndrome Mucopolysaccharidosis gargoylism) 35.91-92 Graft-versus-host diseaseI 07 Granular cell myoblastoma17.395-397 cleft 13. 249-250 Pierle Robrn syndrome 13. 74. 99-104 Hypophosphatasia 76 Iatrogenrcrnjury 97. 334-337 candidosis271 Lichen planus 100. e e p9 1 . 113-114 Hutchinson's incisors42. 123-124 Parotitis HIY 270 recunent 112. fàmilial white folded 44. 360-362 Phenytoin 41. 403-404 Osteoradionecrosis 10'{ Pachyonychia congenita36 Palate12 c l e f t 1 3 . 388-389 Odontomes66. 52 Hypoadrenocorticism 43 Hypodontia 58.granularcell 17. 84 coeliacdisease 315 iron deficiency109. 2ll Haemophilia 3s 1.342-343 Macrocrania131 Macrodontia64. 296-297. 89-90 (Gorlin Goltz Gorlin'ssyndrome syndromel multiple basalcell naevi syndrome) 29. 1 1 8 . 353 Penicillin rash 97 Periadenitis mucosanecroticarecun:ens 82 Pericoronitis.3T . 82.rours117. orotàcial 89. 328 Oral-facial digital syndrome37. 300-308 Granulomatous disease.rtogenic tun. 143 Glandularfever 97.faucial 97. 319-323 chemotherapy296-297 leukaemia 99 stomatitis91. f 8l-190 Hypelelasticity of skin 70. iatrogenic97 Haemolytic disease of the newborn (icterus gravisneonatorum) 62.ne 120 Molluscum contagiosum102.iJ urngrvrns V i n c e n t ' sd i s e a s e7 acute n e c r o t i s i n( g ) 1. 318 Herpes labialis 15. 133-135 Haematomas. 91.24J-245 chronic marginal 73.392 cheilitis 120.3 6 . 124 Hypertelorism 25. 105.foot and mouth disease(vesicular stomatitis with exanthema)91. 3 0 9 Myoblastoma. 298. 3 5 . 386-387 Materia alba 65.39.1 1 9 Odontogenicabscess 67.36. 124 Papillomavirus infection 96.91-92 (Type IIB) Multiple endocrineadenomatosis syndrome36. 398 pits 34. 122 MAGIC syndrome85 Malocclr-rsion64. 211 I g A d e f i c i e n c y1 6 .242 Non-accidential injury 108. 89-90 O d o n l o d y s g e n e siin sr p e l f . 319-321 Histiocytosis 98. l4+145 Hyperdontia 56. 314-345 M e l a n o t i cn a e v i 1 0 2 .s u prrla vr u l a l a o ni c s t e n o s i s syndrome(Williams syndrome) 4.66-69. t2r-122 Osteonryelitis 1O4. 122. 390 K a p o s i ' ss a l c o m a 79 Keratoses107 Kernicterr. 217 Macroglossia 21. 1 0 7 Immunodeficiencies. 257 Down's syndrome63 HIV infection 268-269 Papillon Lefévre syndrorne 123 Perléche82. chronic 16.372 vitaminB deficiency 109 Glutensensitive enteropathy 93.22 b r u i s i n g1 2 3 Langerhan'scell histiocytoses 98. 4r-48 (Bloch Sulzberger Incontinentiapign'renti d i s e a s e3 ) 3. 95.1 2 5 Palmar-plantar hyperkeratosis 38.34.224-226 Oedema. 190 Microdontia 293-295 Microglossia 122 Micrognathia 39.98 Haemorrhage. 87-88 Labial fianum abnorn-ral 10.sric 72. gingival 99 100. 41. 406-4tl Non-steroidalanti-inflammatoryagents100 Oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia29.272-273 racial 39.347-348 Morplroea 122.377 Hand-Schûller-Christian disease 98 Heck'sdisease 96 Herpangina 94. 330-333 HIV infection.e c t 3 a 7 O d o n t o d y s p l a s i3 a7 . 274.349-352 Nifedipine 74 Noma72.379 suppurative112.09.378 Patau'ssyndrome39. 370 Petechiae106.reeAIDS/HIV Humanpapillomavirus infections 96. 27. l15 Multiple hamartomaand neoplasia syndrome 18.346 multiple basalcell naevi syndrome29. 223 Measles(rubeola) lO2. 298. 120 Oral mucosa7*8 white lesions I 01 Orofacial granulomatosis 89.126 Pigmentation candidosis-endocdnopathy syndrome43 oral 81. 255 pyogenic75. 125 Pellagra 109. 1 0 7 . 99. 49 Naevi melanotic 102. 324-326 Papillon-Lefévre syndrome 38. 108-110 Lymphomas 101. 1O1 Hallermann-StreifT syndrome36 Hand.91-95. 127 Plaque 47. 3 4 5 Laband syndron're 28.

|l !''l À"t i F/û :-. plicated) 21. 298. 27 5-27 6 vesicular 94. 319 :321 recurent aphthous 82*83.237 ulcers 97. 277. 191 Pulpitis. 82. 104. 318 herpetic 265 HIV infection 80 latrogenic 97. 10 prominent tubercles/cusps68. 181-190 hypodontia 58.*. 272-273 Taurodontism 69.327. 109. 117 Riga-Fede disease Riley-Day syndrome (familial dysautonomia)105. foot and mouth disease9.207-216 mixed dentition 4-6 natal 36. 370 herpetic 94. 84 hairy leukoplakia 79 tongue tie 10. 204-206 intrinsic staining 62. 178-180 floating 98. 248 Tattoos 81.39.23-24 Tonsils.274. 176 eruption times 10-1L extemal resorption 54. herpangina 94. * -u.237 Temporomandibular joints 8 arthritis 117. 258-261 iatrogenicmucosalinjury 97.Polyps. 355-357 Rash infectious mononucieosis 97 measles344 Rett's syndrome 40. 172-175 eruption anomalies 4546. 232-234 tetracycline staining 54.373 Salivary glands 8 HIV infection 270 neoplasms 114.324 White sponge naevus (familiai whi gingivostomatos\s) 44.279. hyperplastic (pulp polyp) 58. 177 extrinsic staining 55. 191 Purpura84. 108. L17 permanent dentition 7-9. 113 Saliva 8 Salivary flow. 33 Varicella-zoster virus infections 10 367369 71. 253-254 Pyostomatitis vegetans 104. 344-345 Saddlenose42. 14 fissured (scrotal. 366 Uvula. 213-216 Thrombocytopathy 106. 235 Teeth abrasion 45.l04 P t y a l i s m1 1 1 Pulp polyp 58. 150 crowding 64. 128. 360:362 Thrombocytopenia 84. fibroepithelial'7 5. 252 Pseudohypoparathyroidism32. 143 Williams syndrome 44. 147 eruption cysts 54. 77 -81 Ulcerative colitis 104. 327. 108. 159-162 enamel clefts 5 1. bifid 13. 390 subluxation 118 Temporomandibular pain-dysfunction syndrome (facial arthromyalgia) 118 Tetracycline 54. 337 main causes83 orofacial granulomatosis 302 perianal 281 traumatic 97. 317 Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalofacial 41. 11 primary dentition 5. 213-216 transposition 69.99.. Tongue 7-8. 107. 351. 45. 107. 37 6-379 Scleroderma122. 138 Torus palatinus 42 Transplantation patients 84. 54. 27 5-27 6. 238-239 Vincent's disease Vitamin deficiencies t09.31 æeth69. 26. lingual 8 Torus mandibularis 42. 108. 47 Xeroderma 65 Xeroderma pigmentosum I 19 Xerostomia48. 84 fi. 1-3. abnormal 111.148-149 attrition 47.335 Pyogenic granuloma 75. 354 Radiotherapy-induced lesions 104. 354 Ulcers aphthous 82-83.358 Robin sequence(Pierre Robin syndrome) 13. 358 Sex-linked panhypoimmunoglobulinaemia (Bruton's syndrome) 16 Shingles 108 Sialadenitis 112 Sialolithiasis I 12 Sialorrhoea (ptyalism) 111 Sideropenia 109 Snail track ulcers 106 Soto's syndrome 40.*ù 1# v 1 5J A iil" 6 ".136-137 oral lesions 106.3I4 geographic (erythema migrans) 26. lll. 359 Tartar (dental calculus) 74.:rred93.- . 301.192-200 impacted 60. 14ç145 Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome 16. 380 swelling I I2-l 13. 363-365 Trauma gingival damage 77.405 Scurvy 109 Self-mutilation 105.'î.20I-203 internal resorption (pink spot) 61.. 373 /È È- . 116 neonatal36.. 156-158 double (connation) 49. l00.366 Treacher Collins syndrome 13 Tricho-dento-osseoussyndrome 69 Trichorhinopharyngeal syndrome 4 139-142 Trismus 104 Tuberous sclerosis 25. 133-135 angiomatosis) Syphilis teeth 42. 128-129 36.333 hyperdontia 56. 370:372 Vitiligo 43 Warts 96.327 leukaemia 99. 27. 236 trawa69. 130-132 steatocystoma multiplex 36 Stevens-Johnsonsyndrome 92 Stickler syndrome 39 Stomatitis angular82.218 development 5 dilaceration 49. 36U362 Thrush see Candidosis . 146 ankylosis 46.' ..i' 4 à ffJ.lt r* . 163 erosion 53.126 Rubeola (measles) 102. 28O Bednar's 108 hand. 314.

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