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Each team tries to
score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.
The sport originated in the United States, and is now just achieving the type of popularity in the U.S. that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer among participation sports. Today there are more than 800 million players worldwide who play Volleyball at least once a week. In 1895, William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Mass., decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game of Volleyball (at that time called mintonette). Morgan borrowed the net from tennis, and raised it 6 feet 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man's head. During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net, and perhaps "volleyball" would be a more descriptive name for the sport. On July 7, 1896 at Springfield College the first game of "volleyball" was played. In 1916, in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were introduced. In 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points. In 1920, three hits per side and back row attack rules were instituted. In 1930, the first two-man beach game was played. In 1934, the approval and recognition of national volleyball referees. In 1947, the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) was founded. In 1948, the first two-man beach tournament was held. In 1949, the initial World Championships were held in Prague, Czechoslovakia. In 1964, Volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo. In 1974, the World Championships in Mexico were telecast in Japan. In 1987, the FIVB added a Beach Volleyball World Championship Series. In 1990, the World League was created. In 1995, the sport of Volleyball was 100 years old! In 1996, 2-person beach volleyball was added to the Olympics
THE SERVE Server must serve from behind the restraining line ( end line ) until after contact. Ball may be served underhand or overhand. Ball must be clearly visible to opponents before serve. Served ball may graze the net and drop to the other side for point. First game serve is determined by a volley, each subsequent game shall be served by the previous game loser. Serve must be returned by a bump only. no setting or attacking a serve.
SCORING Rally scoring will be used. There will be a point scored on every score of the ball. Offense will score on a defense miss or out of bounds hit. Defense will score on an offensive miss, out of bounds hit, or serve into the net. Game will be played to 25 pts. Must win by 2 points.
ROTATION Team will rotate each time they win the serve. Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner. There shall be 4-6 players on each side.
GAMEPLAY ( VOLLEY ) Maximum of three hits per side. Player may not hit the ball twice in succession ( A block is not considered a hit ). Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve. A ball touching a boundary line is good. A legal hit is contact with the ball by a player body above and including the waist which does not allow the ball to visibly come to a rest. If two or more players contact the ball simultaneously, it is considered one play and the players involved may not participate in the next play. A player must not block or attack a serve. Switching positions will be allowed only between front line players. ( After the serve only ). BASIC VIOLATIONS
Stepping on or over the line on a serve. Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully. Hitting the ball illegally ( Carrying, Palming, Throwing, etc. ). Touches of the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play. If the ball is driven into the net with such force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the ball shall continue to be in play.
Reaching over the net, except under these conditions: When executing a follow-through. When blocking a ball which is in the opponents court but is being returned ( the blocker must not contact the ball until after the opponent who is attempting to return the ball makes contact). Except to block the third play.
Reaches under the net ( if it interferes with the ball or opposing player ). Failure to serve in the correct order. Blocks or spikes from a position which is clearly not behind the 10-foot line while in a back row position.
Volleyball positions on a team consist of 3 front row players and 3 back row players. Players in the front row are attackers, blockers, and maybe a setter. Players in the back row are passers, diggers and also maybe a player setting. On a sideout, the players on the team that won the rally rotate positions clockwise around the court. Advanced volleyball teams may run an offense where the same setter sets in every rotation. Also, advanced teams may have back row players attack from the backcourt.
A good middle can read the opponent's setter like a book and is quick enough to get from one end of the court to the other to block the ball. The middle also hits quick sets and keeps the other team's defense off balance. Learn the ins and outs of being a great middle blocker and a major key to your team's defense.
An outside hitter is a great all-around player. Not only does the outside need great ball-handling skills, but he needs to be a solid hitter and blocker. Learn more about the job of the outside hitter.
The libero plays in the backrow and has impeccable ball control. The libero needs to be a great passer and an even better digger. She is all over the court to keep the ball in the air for her team to create scoring chances. Learn more about what the libero does and the rules she lives by.
The setter is the backbone of the offense and makes the decisions about who gets the ball when. She touches the ball on the second contact and delivers it to her hitters. She needs to be able to take in a lot of information at once and to make good decisions in a split second. Consistency here is key.
The opposite plays opposite the setter on the right front and hits sets behind and in front of the setter. The opposite is responsible for blocking the opponent's outside hitter, which means the person who plays opposite needs to be a solid blocker as well as a good hitter. The opposite is also needed to pass and set, so should have great ball handling skills.
Since you must have a court to play on, at the very least you need a net and posts to hold up your net. For outdoor courts, posts can be made of steel, PVC or wood. Most indoor posts are made of steel. As for the nets, they're primarily made of nylon and are 32 feet long and 3 feet tall. The cables used to attach the net to the posts are usually composed of steel cable or rope.
Volleyballs are all the same size, which is 25.5 to 27 inches in circumference, with a weight of 9 to 10 oz. Twelve-and-under volleyballs are the same size, but weigh slightly less, or about 7 to 8 oz. Nearly all volleyballs are made with leather or composite leather and have a butyl bladder. There is no difference between an indoor or outdoor volleyball.
The standard competitive volleyball court measures 59 feet long by 29.6 feet wide. The center line runs under the net, dividing the court into two equal sides. An attack line runs 9 feet, 10 inches behind the net on each side of the court. The attack line divides the front and back zones. The net measures 8 feet, 11 5/8 inches tall for standard men's competition and 7 feet, 4 1/8 inches tall for standard women's competition, according to the USA Volleyball and International Federation of Volleyball rule books.
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