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Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology : Geohydrology, economic geology and environment. 2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate. 3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sealevel changes; law of the sea and marine pollution. 4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry; agroforestry; Wild life; Major gene pool centres. 5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation. Human Geography: 1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches; Languages, religions and secularisation; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index. 2. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and
Cropping pattern.ecological regions. iron and steel. Rural .culture. seeds. Tourism including eco -tourism. Food security. agro. fertilizers. Industry: Evolution of industries. Green revolution and its socioeconomic and ecological implications. Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule. famine: causes. apiculture and poultry. energy. agricultural productivity. agro-climatic zones. Malthusian. 5. Industrial regionalisation. Significance of dry farming. concepts of over-under-and optimum population. Population as social capital. Agro and socialforestry. 5. Population theories. patterns of world trade. Regional imbalances. Physiographic regions. railway. textile. biotic and marine resources. Natural vegetation. environmental issues in regional planning. crop combination. Functional classification of towns. 3. surface and ground water. chemical and pharmaceutical. cottage and agro-based industries. Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis in Human geography. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population. Growing importance of . Transport. Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns. land tenure and land reforms. Environmental issues in rural settlements. 4. power. Marxian and demographic transition models. Problems and remedies of urbanization. Communication and Trade: Road. Floods and droughts. sericulture. Institutional factors: land holdings. regional development strategies. Satellite towns. Growth centres and growth poles. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation. Types and patterns of rural settlements.urban fringe. Heartland and Rimland theories. 2. airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development. waterway. paper. Locational factors of cotton. 3. Multinationals and liberalization. Drainage system and watersheds.nutrition problems. Causes and consequences of migration. Tropical cyclones and western disturbances. Forest and wild life resources and their conservation. Ostov’s model of stages of growth. demographic attributes. agricultural regionalisation. Social well-being and quality of life. aqua . Soil types and their distributions. effects and remedies. Weber’s model of industrial location. Sustainable development of cities. automobile. world population problems and policies. Regional Planning: Concept of a region. New industrial policies. Resources: Land. jute. Sphere of urban influence. Types of regions and methods of regionalisation. minerals. Special Economic Zones. 4. fertilizer. Laws of international boundaries and frontiers. Energy crisis.Perroux and Boudeville. Paper – II Geography of India 1. Planning for sustainable development. Structure and relief. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries. aluminium. land capability. Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location. Climatic regions. Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch. Models. agricultural intensity. World industries: locational patterns and problems. Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings. Livestock resources and white revolution. Hierarchy of urban settlements.
8. Regional disparities in economic development. UPSC CSE Mains History Syllabus Paper . dependency ratio. poetry. literacy rate. age structure. Sources: Archaeological sources:Exploration. multi-level planning. Issues relating to environmental pollution. Integrated rural development programmes. monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary. Tsunamis. Population explosion and food security. Growth. Slums and associated problems. earthquakes. Indian space programme. Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society. Trade Policy. Urban developments. Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm. patterns and morphology of rural settlements.I 1. literature. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides. literature in regional languages. Problems of urbanization and remedies. Environmental degradation. linguistic and ethnic diversities. Export processing zones. Health indicators. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society. Globalisation and Indian economy. epidemics. Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning. epigraphy. NOTE: Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper. Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India. tribal areas and their problems. Emergence of new states.ports on national and foreign trade. 10. Morphology of Indian cities. India’s role in world affairs. drought prone. Chinese and Arab writers. Cross border terrorism. 9. work-force. Settlements: Types. Population problems and policies. floods and droughts. distribution and density of population. Changes in patterns of land use. religious minorities. town planning. Environmental awareness. scientific literature. Racial. Watershed management. 6. major tribes. Trade balance. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism. cultural regions. excavation. religious literature. hill. tribal area development. migration (interregional. Regional planning and development of island territories. Demographic attributes: sex-ratio. Planning for backward area. Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest. Five Year Plans. longevity. State reorganisation. . Deforestation. Functional classification of Indian cities. Regional consciousness and inter state issues. desertification and soil erosion. urban sprawl. Conurbations and metropolitan regions. international boundary of India and related issues. intra. Concept of sustainable growth and development. numismatics. desert. Command area development. Linkage of rivers.regional and international) and associated problems. 7. Foreign accounts: Greek.
Literature. culture. art. Sakas. Sungas and Kanvas. social and economical life. Indus Valley Civilization: Origin. Rise of urban centres. Crafts. survival and significance. Coinage of the Guptas. Mahayana. 11. Vakatakas and Vardhanas: Polity and administration. Nalanda. Western Kshatrapas): Contact with outside world. Paramaras. Introduction of coinage. Polity and Administration. Cholas. Art. 6. Decline of urban centres. Trade guilds. Pottery. Economic conditions. Polity and administration. The Satavahanas. literature and science. coinage. Cultural aspects. Chalukyas of Badami. 3. Position of women. Literature. development of religions. art and architecture.Disintegration of the empire. architecture. Institutions of temple and temple architecture. Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire. Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system. economy. Tamil States of the Sangam Age. Rise of Magadha and Nandas. Vedanta. Regional States during Gupta Era: The Kadambas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact. art and architecture. Economic growth. economy. Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors. External contacts. Senas. Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature. Education and educational institutions. 5. Post . Settlements. Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks. Spread of religion. 7. Administration. Trade routes. date. extent. education and literature. Land grants. Rashtrakutas. growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Concept of Dharma. Religion. religious sects. Buddhist centres. Edicts. land grants. Tamil Bhakti movement. Institution of temple and Mathas. Caste system. Early State and Society in Eastern India. Development of agriculture. Hoysalas. Literature. Deccan and South India: Kharavela. Pandyas. Political. Sangam literature and culture. Art and architecture. Alberuni. 9. Vikramshila and Vallabhi. Kautilya and Arthashastra. Guptas. Polity and Administration. decline.2. The Chalukyas of Kalyana. architecture and sculpture. Kushanas. Agraharas. Arab conquest of Sind. Administration. Significance of the Vedic Age. Ashoka. Shankaracharya. Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period. scientific literature. Pallavas. local Government. 4. Indian feudalism. Palas. Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States (Mahajanapada): Republics and monarchies. trade guilds and urban centres. Development of community life. growth of urban centres. 8. Economy. Aryans and Vedic Period: Expansions of Aryans in India. economy and society. Growth of art and architecture. and Iron industry. social conditions. hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic). Spread of Jainism and Buddhism. Chandragupta. . Polity. 10. coinage. characteristics. Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus.
Madhva and Brahma-Mimansa. Society. achievements in civil engineering and public works. Economy: Agricultural production. Portuguese Colonial enterprise. Mughal Empire. Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order. decline of the Sultanate. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans. Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects. Tamil devotional cult. Trade and commerce. origin and the rise of Rajputs. caste and slavery under the Sultanate. literature in the newly developing languages. 750-1200: Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta. literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire. culture. 13. evolution of a composite culture. literature in the languages of South India. Sufism. agrarian and economic measures. Society. painting 15. Alberuni’s India. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History: Languages and texts.12. The Vijayanagra Empire. Sufi movement. Religion: Forms and features of religion. major stages in the evolution of art and architecture. Gujarat. Sultanate architecture and new structural forms. . Literary traditions. agrarian measures. Bahmanids. trade and commerce 18. The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century . Kalhan’s Rajtarangini. religious classes. The Cholas: administration. sculpture. rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production. town dwellers. Bhakti movement. The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration. Literature: Literature in Sanskrit. Bhakti and Sufi Movements 19. Art and Architecture: Temple architecture. social and cultural consequences. Early Medieval India. painting. 17. Islam and its arrival in India. Kashmir (Zainul Abedin). ruling classes. Condition of women. major philosophical thinkers and schools. ideas in Science and Mathematics. literature in the regional languages of North India. women. Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban 16. Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita. Agrarian economy and urban settlements. growth of Tamil literature. Indian science and technology 14. Malwa. Cultural Traditions in India. First phase: Babur and Humayun. Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion. village economy and society. The Thirteenth Century: Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success. Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures. Lodis.Society and Culture: Regional cultural specificities. bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq. Economic. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century: Political Developments and Economy: Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal. Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: Society: composition of rural society. growth of Bhakti. foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account. 750-1200: Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula. The Fourteenth Century: “The Khalji Revolution”. “Indian Feudalism”. Culture: Persian literature. Provincial architecture.
Evolution of religious and social outlook. The Portuguese and the Dutch. The Punjab. Rise of landless agrarian labourers. De-industrialisation. Decline of traditional crafts. The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule. Their struggle for supremacy. The Empire and the Zamindars. Emergence of Afghan Power.II 1. The Battle of Buxar. The rise . The Permanent Settlement. Early Structure of the British Raj: The early administrative structure. The introduction of western education in India. its dislocation.20. The Regulating Act (1773). commerce with Europe through Dutch. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce. Mughal painting. 2. Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal. Bengal. The three Anglo-Maratha Wars. 22. Condition of peasants. Economic transformation of India. Battle of Panipat: 1761. English and French companies : a trade revolution. Culture in the Mughal Empire: Persian histories and other literature. agricultural production. Famine and poverty in the rural interior. 3. arrangements. European business enterprise and its limitations. Towns. 4. Economic impact of the revenue. Religious policies of Jahangir. The Charter Act (1833). The Marathas. The Eighteenth Century: Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire. insurance and credit systems. Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems. craft production. From diarchy to direct control. culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest Paper . Science and technology 24. Social and Cultural Developments: The state of indigenous education. The Battle of Plassey. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. Mysore. Nature of the Mughal State.Anglicist controversy. Siraj and the English. Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services. Mahalwari Settlement. Ryotwari Settlement. The English and the French East India Companies. The Ahom Kingdom. The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan. Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom. State of politics. Commercialization of agriculture. Carnatic Wars. Impoverishment of the rural society. Provincial architecture and painting. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century: Major administrative policies of Jahangir. Classical music. Rajput policy. Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth 23. Mughal architecture. British Expansion in India: Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim. The Pitt’s India Act (1784). Orientalist . Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule: Land revenue settlements in British India. European Penetration into India: The Early European Settlements. Court patronage of art and technology 21. banking. Significance of Plassey. The English utilitarian and India. Drain of wealth. Indian mercantile classes. 5. Awadh. Akbar: Conquests and consolidation of the Empire. Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: Population. condition of women. Hindi and other religious literature. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy. Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts.
Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899. Indian Response to British Rule: Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783). the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920). 7. Maharashtra. The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period. Simon Commission. Transfer of power. the Moderates and Extremists. The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress. Politics of Separatism. Subhas Chandra Bose. The rise of modern vernacular literature. The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru. Programme and objectives of Early Congress. the Question of National Language. Iswarchandra Vidyasagar. Regionalism and regional inequality. the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement. The Cabinet Mission. Character of Gandhian nationalism. the Hindu Mahasabha. the Communist Party of India. Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries: Bengal. the consequences. 10. literature and public opinion. Princes in electoral politics. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism. Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947). 13. The Brahmo Movement. Outside India.P. the Kol Rebellion (1832). Consolidation as a Nation. The Foundation of the Indian National Congress. Politics of Association. The Great Revolt of 1857 . Christian missionary activities in India. the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement. Communalism and the politics of partition. the Muslim League.. Devendranath Tagore. Dayanada Saraswati. The Partition of Bengal (1905). Nehru’s Foreign Policy. The linguistic reorganisation of States (1935-1947). the Santal Hul (1855). the social composition of early Congress leadership. the Wavell Plan. Rowlatt Satyagraha. the Madras Presidency. National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement. 9. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935 11. India and her neighbours (1947 1964). The Nehru Report. other left parties. 14. U. the Non-cooperation Movement. The Left. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947. The Young Bengal Movement. the Congress Socialist Party. the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries. the Punjab. the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s. The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India. Integration of Princely States. The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India. Nationalism and Working class movements. Backward castes and tribes in postcolonial electoral politics. the Khilafat Movement. 8. The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal. . child marriage etc. 12. the Round Table Conferences.Origin. Cripps Mission. Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas: Ram Mohan Roy. Gandhi’s popular appeal. causes of failure.of press. the Quit India Movement. Progress of science.1900). Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements. Independence. 6. Indigo Rebellion (185960). character. Rise of Gandhi. Nationalism and the Peasant Movements. The social reform movements in India including Sati. Dalit movements. widow remarriage.
Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union. Progress of science. Chartists. Land reforms. Emergence of Third World and non-alignment. World War I: Causes and consequences. Germany. American Revolution and the Constitution. Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism. Ecology and environmental policy in post . Russia. Political Theory: meaning and approaches. Origins of Modern Politics: European States System. Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx).15. AfricaApartheid to Democracy. Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy. 1789. Economic development and political change. Fascist Counter-Revolution. The Russian Revolution of 1917. British Democratic Politics. Nation-State System: Rise of Nationalism in 19th century.colonial India. Unification of Europe: Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community. Italy and Germany.1921. Liberation from Colonial Rule: Latin America-Bolivar. Arab World-Egypt.I Political Theory and Indian Politics: 1. 1985-1991.1815. World War II: Causes and consequence 23. Industrialization in other countries: USA. South-East Asia-Vietnam 25. Rousseau. Parliamentary Reformers. Industrialization: English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society. European Union. The World after World War II: Emergence of two power blocs. Africa 26. American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery. Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world. the politics of planning and rural reconstruction. Decolonization and Underdevelopment: Factors constraining development: Latin America. Enlightenment and Modern ideas: Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant. French revolution and aftermath. Imperialism and Colonialism: South and South-East Asia. 21. 24. The Chinese Revolution of 1949 22. Australia. Japan. 27. 18. Revolution and Counter-Revolution: 19th Century European revolutions.1850. CSE Political Science & International Relations Syllabus Paper . 16. End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower. 20. Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001. . Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies. Latin America and South Africa. UNO and the global disputes. World Wars: 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications. Consolidation and Expansion of European Community. 1815. spread of Marxian Socialism 17. Industrialization and Globalization. Free Traders. 19.
Gramsci. concept of Human Rights. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive. National Commission for Minorities. M. Socialist and Marxist. 7. National Backward Classes Commission. 5. Aristotle. 3. Peasant and workers’ movements. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government.N. National Human Rights Commission. inter-state disputes. Marx. Legislature and Supreme Court. Political Ideologies: Liberalism. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques. political and economic. Marxism. Fundamental Rights and Duties. Mill. Fascism. Concept of power. 10. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes. 3. Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Non-cooperation. Equality: Social. Radical humanist and Dalit. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble. Western Political Thought: Plato. 4. Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine. Post-colonial and feminist. Hannah Arendt. Locke. 6. Rights: Meaning and theories. different kinds of rights. changing nature of centre-state relations. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories. participatory and deliberative. Ambedkar. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra. Machiavelli. Legislature and High Courts. Sri Aurobindo. Federalism: Constitutional provisions. Hobbes. significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission. Comptroller and Auditor General. Affirmative action. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal. ideology and legitimacy. Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions. B. Indian Government and Politics: 1. Neoliberal. 2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule. different social and political perspectives. M. hegemony. 5. 6. (b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive. . Indian Nationalism: Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha. Grassroot movements.R. different models of democracy – representative. Roy . relationship between equality and freedom. Militant and revolutionary movements. John S. 7. National Commission for Scheduled Castes. Finance Commission. Theories of the State: Liberal. Gandhi. 8. Socialism. Union Public Service Commission. Directive Principles. 4. National Commission for Women. Civil Disobedience.K. Pluralist. 9. Marxist. Gandhism and Feminism. integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations.2.
World capitalist economy and globalisation. Paper II Comparative Politics and International Relations Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics: 1. Balance of power and deterrence. relevance of nonalignment in the contemporary world. Caste. Unipolarity and American hegemony. Security and power. 11. arms race and Cold War. patterns of coalition politics. ideological and social bases of parties. SAARC. India and the World: . terrorism. Third World demand for new international economic order. ASEAN. Marxist. environmentalist movements. NAFTA. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy. 4. trends in electoral behaviour. Transnational actors and collective security. Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics. political economy and political sociology perspectives. Functionalist and Systems theory. 9. pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies. Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). Regionalisation of World Politics: EU. 9. 10. advanced industrial and developing societies. 6. nuclear proliferation. limitations of the comparative method. human rights. environment. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives.economic profile of Legislators. need for UN reforms. Realist. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest. Green Revolution. liberalilzation and economic reforms. 8. gender justice. changing socio. Party System: National and regional political parties. land reforms and agrarian relations. 5. 2. women’s movements. 10. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO. APEC. role of planning and public sector. Collapse of the Soviet Union. Globalisation of the world economy. Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies. strategic and ideological Bipolarity. 3. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches. and. specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning. Changing International Political Order: Rise of super powers. 7. nuclear threat. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist. 11. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements. Pressure groups.8.
UPSC CSE Mains Economics Syllabus Paper . their incidence and effects. loans. Money . A. growing relations with US and Israel. Kaldor. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America. Pique and Friedman) and Keyne’s Theory on Demand for Money. India’s “Look East” policy. allocation of resources and in distribution and development. 7. 3. 2. South Asia as a Free Trade Area. forms of Taxes and Subsidies. Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem. continuity and change. Theories of Interest Rate determination and Interest Rate Structure. demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council. Oligopoly. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases. Duopoly. International Economics: .Banking and Finance: (a) Demand for and Supply of Money: Money Multiplier Quantity Theory of Money (Fisher. 8. crowding-out effects and limits to borrowings. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy. China and Russia. vision of a new world order. 4. Proposal for ceiling on growth rate of money. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping. (d) Modern Welfare Criteria: Pareto Hicks & Scitovsky. 4. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan. institutions of policy-making. EU. (b) Public Finance and its Role in Market Economy: In stabilization of supply. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy.1.I 1. current role. 3. revenue. leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations. 6. Neo classical synthesis and New classical. border disputes. Iraq and West Asia. Keynes (IS-LM) curve. Kaleeki (c) Markets Structure: Monopolistic Competition. 5. illegal cross-border migration. Sources of Govt. Public Expenditure and its effects. Japan. India and South Asia: Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects. 2. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA. Advanced Macro Economics: Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination: Classical. (b) Alternative Distribution Theories: Ricardo. Goals and Instruments of Monetary Management in Closed and Open Economies. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes. Relation between the Central Bank and the Treasury. ethnic conflicts and insurgencies. Advanced Micro Economics: (a) Marshallian and Walrasiam Approaches to Price determination. Sen’s Social Welfare Function.K. Limits to taxation.
Domestic Measures. adjustments and Policy Coordination in open economy macro-model. Role of Multinationals. (i) Price versus income. (f) Development and Environmental Sustainability – Renewable and Non Renewable Resources. 5. (v) Trade Policy and Developing Countries. TRIPS. (ii) Theories of Policy Mix (iii) Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility (iv) Floating Rates and their Implicationns for Developing Countries: Currency Boards. income adjustments under fixed exchange rates. (iii) Product Cycle and Strategic Trade Theories. PrivatePublic Partnership (e) Welfare indicators and measures of growth – Human Development Indices. (c) Balance of Payments Adjustments: Alternative Approaches. Different Rounds of WTO talks. (v) Research and Development and Economic Growth (b) Process of Economic Development of Less developed countries: Myrdal and Kuzments on economic development and structural change: Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of less developed countries. Intergenerational equity development. (iv) Human Capital and Economic Growth. Growth and Development: (a) Theories of growth: (i) Harrod’s model. (vi) BOP. (b) Forms of Protection: Tariff and quota. (ii) Lewis model of development with surplus labour (iii) Balanced and Unbalanced growth. The basic needs approach.(a) Old and New Theories of International Trade (i) Comparative Advantage (ii) Terms of Trade and Offer Curve. (c) Economic development and International Trade and Investment. (vii) Speculative attacks (viii) Trade Blocks and Monetary Unions. . (d) Planning and Economic Development: changing role of Markets and Planning. (iv) Trade as an engine of growth and theories of under development in an open economy. Environmental Degradation. (ix) WTO: TRIMS.
TRIMS. GATS and new EXIM policy. Capital account convertibility. trends. (v) New Economic Policy and Public Finance: Fiscal Responsibility Act.II 1.Paper . Cotton. (iii) New Economic Policy and Trade: Intellectual property rights: Implications of TRIPS. (v) Broad factors determining National Income and distribution. (vi) New Economic Policy and Monetary system. Indian Economy after Independence: A The Pre Liberalization Era: (i) Contribution of Vakil. Green Revolution and capital formation in agriculture. Subsidies. (iii) Industry Trends in composition and growth. New Rural. 2. Indian Economy in Pre-Independence Era: Land System and its changes. Drain theory. Rao. Impact of public expenditure on agricultural growth. Rural wages. Poverty alleviation schemes.V.K. Relation between planning and markets for growth and decentralized planning: 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments. Role of foreign direct investment and multinationals. Money and Credit. Disinvestments. (ii) New Economic Policy and Industry: Strategy of industrialization.R. Railways. Laissez faire theory and critique. Privatization. Employment Guarantee Scheme. (ii) Agriculture: Land Reforms and land tenure system. aggregate and Sectoral composition and changes their in. Role of public and private sector. (vii) Planning: From central Planning to indicative planning. Measures of poverty. Trends in poverty and inequality. Manufacture and Transport: Jute. Role of RBI under the new regime. Food processing. Gadgil and V. Twelfth Finance Commission and Fiscal Federalism and Fiscal Consolidation. (iv) New Exchange Rate Regime: Partial and full convertibility. Agricultural prices and public distribution system. . (viii) New Economic Policy and Employment: Employment and poverty. Employment Generation. Small scale and cottage industries. (iv) National and Per capita income: patterns. Commercialization of agriculture. B The Post Liberalization Era: (i) New Economic Reform and Agriculture: Agriculture and WTO.
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