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Sound mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure transmitted through a solid, liquid, or gas, composed of frequencies within the

he range of hearing

the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium mechanical vibrations transmitted through an elastic medium, traveling in air at a speed of approximately 1087 feet (331 meters) per second at sea level Pitch- frequency of sound Frequency- measurement of the number of times that a repeated event occurs per unit of time
The audible frequency range for humans is typically given as being between about 20 Hz and 20,000 Hz (20 kHz). High frequencies often become more difficult to hear with age. Other species have different hearing ranges. For example, some dog breeds can perceive vibrations up to 60,000 Hz Infrasonic- sound waves with frequencies below 20 hertz Ultrasonic- those with frequencies above 20,000 hertz We cannot hear infrasonic or ultrasonic sound waves
Compression happens when particles are forced/pressed together Rarefaction is just the opposite,it occurs when particles are given extra space&allowed to expand.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzzruWXGZso