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# STPM MA'T}IEMATICS (T) Assignment B: Mathematical Modelling

ST

## UDENT'S MANUAL 2OT2I2fiI3

The population of Aedes mosquitoes rvhich carry the Dengue virus can be rnodeled by il differential equation which describes the rate of growth of the population. The population growth girr"n

.ut"

i, \$ dt

by : rt(t-+),where

## r is a positive constant and A is the carrying capacitv'

1 When the population is sma11, the relative growth rate is almost constant. S&at do you understand by the term relalive grow*th rate? 2
(a) Show that

if
if

the population does not exceed its carrying capacity, then the p,rrpulation is

increasing.

(b)

Show that

the population exceeds its carrying capacity, then the population is de,:reasing.

(q) Suppose that the initial population is Po. Discuss, by considenng the sign,,f d/ greater k. Po is than if relationship between P and k if P6 is less than /s and

q,

the

(b) Determine the values of P for constant growth, increasing growth and declining grrrwth.

4 5 6

## Determine the maximum value of

Express P in terms of

g
d1

Ps,

r,

## same axes, a fern' graphs to show the behavior of P versus l.

The population sizes of the mosquitoes in a certain atea al diff'erent times, in days, are given in the table below.
7'ime 0 35 63
91

Number of mosquitoes
40 -n

Time

Number of mosquitoes
701 712 776

## 245 252 322

t25

t96
240 316
371 534
603

371 392
406 441 504 539 s67

## 791 794 796 198

799 800 800

105

t26
140

182

203
2.24

658

It is interesting to determine the carrying capacity and the growth rate based on the above data to
control the population of Aedes mosquitoes. Using different values of P and t, plot
hence obtain the apprcximate values for r and k.

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