MISSILE TECHNOLOGY OF INDIA

MISSILE THE WEAPON OF FUTURE WAR • WHAT IS MISSILE?

WHO USE THE FIRST MISSILE?

• INDIAS PRESENT POSITION IN FRONT OF THE WORLD • MAJOR PROBLEM IN INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM • MAJOR MISSILE DEVELOPED BY IGMDP • SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE-BRAHMOS

• WHAT IS MISSILE?

MISSILE IS AN OBJECT WHICH IS FORCIBLY PROPELLED AT A TARGET OR MISSILE IS A WEAPON THAT IS SELFPROPELLED OR DIRECTED BY REMOTE CONTROL OR BY REAL TIME O.S...

• WHO USE THE FIRST MISSILE? • THE FIRST MISSILE WAS USED BY AN INDIAN .THE NAME OF THAT PERSON IS KING TIPU SULTAN AGAINST THE BRITISHERS.AFTER THE DEFEAT OF THE INDIAN KING THE BRITISHER GOES ON TO THE RESEARCH ON THESE AND USED THE SAME MISSILE SYSTEM AGAINST THE AMERICAN & GOT THE EASY VICTORY.

INDIAS PRESENT POSITION IN FRONT OF WORLD

INDIA STANDS IN ONE OF THE LEADING POSITION IN THE WORLD WHO COULD COMPLETELY MANUFACTURE & TEST THE MISSILE WITHOUT ANY EXTERNAL SOURCE.

• INDIA HAS SEVERAL TYPES OF MISSILE INCLUDING THE MISSILE CAPABLE OF TAKING NUCLEAR WEAPON & OTHER DANGEROUS CALAMITIES.

INDIA IS RECENTLY GAIN THE CAPABILITY TO DELETE THE CITY LIKE BEIJING, SHANGHAI .ALL OTHER BIG CITIES OF CHINA IS NOW ON THE TARGET OF INDIAN MISSILE.

• BUT THE INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM IS NOT TO INCREASE THE FEAR BETWEEN OUR NEIGHBOURER

INSTEAD OF IT, OUR SYSTEM IS DEFENSIVE IN NATURE.INDIA HADN’T ATTACKED ANY COUNTRY IN THE HISTORY OF ITS LONG 10,000 YEAR.

• THE NAME OF THE FIRST NUCLEAR TEST IS LAUGHING BUDDHA & WE ALL KNOW LORD BUDDHA IS THE SYMBOL OF PEACE.

• SO WE CAN FEEL PROUD ON OUR SYSTEM.

• INDIA HAS THE CAPABILITY TO ATTACK AT THE RANGE OF 5000KM,WHICH COVERS THE CITY OF IRAN,IRAQ,CHINA,PAKISTAN & SOME PART OF EUROPE.NOW WE ARE GOING TO WORK ON INTER CONTINENTAL MISSILE SYSTEM.BY THESE WE ARE ABLE TO DELETE THE CITIES OF AUSTRALIA,EUROPE,AFRICA.

INSTEAD OF IT WE HAVE TO COVER THE VAST DISTANCE TO COVER THE RATIO BETWEEN US & DEVELOPED NATION LIKE AMERICA, RUSSIA. IF WE COMPARE OUR MISSILE ATTACKING SYSTEM WITH THESE TYPES OF COUNTRIES WE FIND THAT WE ARE OUT OF THE RACE. AMERICA, RUSSIA & CHINA CAN ATTACK TO ANY COUNTRY USING THERE NAVY, ARMY OR AIR FORCE.

• AMERICA CAN DELETE ANY PART OF THE WORLD FROM NEW-YORK.

MAJOR PROBLEM IN INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF A.P.J ABDUL KALAM,INTEGRATED GUIDED MISSILE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (IGMDP) HAS DEVELOPED MANY MISSILE.THE CONCEPT ITSELF CAME FROM MR. R.VENKATARAMAN,THE THEN DEFNCE MINISTER, WHO WANTED TO HAVE AN INTEGERATED PROJECT IN THE FIELD OF MISSILES.IT WAS BOLD IN CONCEPTION ,WIDE RANGING IN SCOPE & CALLED FOR THE USE OF MANY TECHNOLOGY WHICH WERE YET TO BE DEVELOPED IN THE COUNTRY.THE DEVELOPED NATION DENIED TO GIVE THE TECHNOLOGY .THE DEVELOPMENT IN THE MISSILE AREA & OTHER DEFENCE RELATED AREAS HAVE TO BE VIEWED WITH THIS PERSPECTIVE.LESS MORTAL WOULD HAVE GIVEN UP.BUT NOT BY DR.ARUNACHALAM & DR.KALAM.THE CHALLENGES ONLY SPURRED THEM ON TO REDOUBLING THE EFFORTS TO DEVELOP IN THE COUNTRY SYSTEMS HITHERTO THOUGHT BEYOND ITS CAPABILITIES.THE ACHIEVEMENT IN PRITHVI & AGNI ARE DUE TO THIS NEVER-SAY DIE SPIRIT.

MAJOR MISSILE DEVELOPED BY IGMDP • TRISHUL IT IS A QUICK REACTION SYSTEM THAT IS USED AGAINST LOW-FLYING AIRCRAFT, HELICOPTER & ANTI-SHIP MISSILES.IT USES A DUAL THRUST ROCKET MOTOR WITH A COMPOSITE PROPELLANT. IT WORKS ON THE PRINCIPLE OF COMMAND GUIDANCE, GROUND RADAR SYSTEM & ONBOARD CONTROL SYSTEMS.FAIRLY LARGE NUMBER OF TESTS HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT WHICH ALSO INCLUDE SEA-SKIMMING CAPABILITIES.

PRITHVI

IT IS AN ALL WEATHER, SURFACE TO SURFACE MISSILE, WHICH CAN ENGAGE TARGETS ACCURATELY BETWEEN 40 & 150 KMS FOR THE ARMY.THE ADVANCED VERSION FOR THE AIR FORCE IS CAPABLE OF ENGAGING TARGETS UPTO A RANGE OF 250 KMS.THE OPERATION OF THE MISSILE SYSTEMS & FIELD MOBILITY IS SUPPORTED BY A SET OF GROUND SYSTEM VEHICLES.THIS SYSTEM HAS BEEN INDUCTED INTO THE SERVICES. • AKASH

IT IS A MEDIUM RANGE AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM WITH A MAXIMUM INTERCEPT RANGE OF 25 KMS .IT IS ALSO CAPABLE OF TRACKING MULTIPLE TARGETS & ENGAGING FOUR TARGET SIMULTANEOUSLY USING ELECTRONIC SCANNING, PHASED ARRAY RADAR & EMBEDDED SOFTWARE IN MULTIPLE PROCESSORS.THE PERFORMANCE OF VARIOUS SYSTEMS SUCH AS AIRFRAME ,PROPULSION,CONTROL ,TELEMETRY,LAUNCHER ETC HAVE BEEN SUCCESFULLY TESTED IN FLIGHT TRIALS.

• NAG IT IS A THIRD GENERATION ANTI-TANK MISSILE WITH `FIRE & FORGET’&`TOP-ATTACK’ CAPIBILITIES.IT IS ALSO CAPABLE OF DEFEATING VARIOUS ARMOURS SUCH AS EXPLOSIVE REACTIVE ARMOUR .IT CAN BE DEPLOYED ON DEDICATED MISSILE CARRIER AS WELL AS AHELLICOPTER FOR DAY & NIGHT OPERATIONS.VARIOUS SYSTEMS & SUBSYSTEMS HAVE BEEN SUCCESFULLY TESTED.

• AGNI IT IS A TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATOR FOR LONGRANGE FLIGHT VEHICLES.THE TWO-STAGE VEHICLE CONSISTS OF SOLID PROPELLENT BOOSTER & TWINENGINE LIQIUD PROPELLENT STAGE WITH CARBON COMPOSITE ,RE-ENTRY VEHICLE STRUCTURE CARRYIING A PAYLOAD , WHICH IS CAPABLE OF WITHSTANDING VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE OF THE OUTER SURFACE WHILE MAINTAINING 40 DEGREE C TEMPERATURE INSIDE .SEVERAL SUCCESFUL FLIGHT TRIALS OF THE TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATOR HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT & VARIOUS SYSTEMS &SUB-SYSTEMS HAVE BEEN SUCCESFULLY DEVELOPED & TESTED.

• BRAHMOS DR.KALAM WAS NOT AVERSE TO TAKING HELP ON TECHNOLOGY FRONT FROM OTHER COUNTRIES ,PROVIDED THE ARRANGEMENTS RESPECT THE STRENTH OF BOTH THE PARTNERS.SUCH AN OCCASION AROSE WHEN A RUSSIAN COMPANY NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA (NPOM)OFFERED TO WORK JOINTLY WITH DRDO IN DEVELOPING AN ANTI-SHIP SUPERSONIC CRUISE-MISSILE .DR.KALAM HAD DEVELOPED A STRONG BOND WITH ACADEMICIAN DR.YEFREMOV,THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF NPOM .DR. KALAM PERSUADED THE GOVERNMENT TO ACCEPT THE OFFER & INVEST IN THE JOINT VENTURE .IN A UNIQUE EXPERIMENT OF A JOINT VENTURE FOR A RESEARCH ORGANISATION ,DRDO (50.5) SET UP AN INDIAN COMPANY WITH RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION (49.5).ANOTHER UNIQUE FEATURE OF THE COMPANY IS THAT THE RUSSIAN CONTRIBUTION IS BEING MET OUT OF INDIAN REPAYMENT OF RUSSIAN DEBT.THIS MODEL IS NOW BEING ADVOCATED FOR WIDER ADOPTION IN INDORUSSIAN JOINT VENTURE .

SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE-BRAHMOS

IT IS A SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE CAPABLE OF BEING LAUNCHED FROM MULTIPLE PLATFORMS BASED ON LAND, SEE, SUB SEA & AIR.

• PRIMARILY BRAHMOS IS AN ANTI-SHIP MISSILE .IT HAS THE CAPABILITY TO ENGAGE SHORE BASED RADIOCONTRAST TARGETS ALSO.THE MISSILE CAN BE LAUNCHED EITHER IN VERTICAL OR INCLINED POSITION & WILL COVER 360 DEGREES. • THE BRAHMOS MISSILE HAS A DIAMETER OF APPROXIMATELY 700MM & IS APPROXIMATELY 9 METRES LONG.ITS WIEGHS 3,000KG WITH A 200KG WARHEAD ,WITH CAPBILITIES TO CRUISE AT 15 KM ALTITUDE DURING MIDCOURSE & AT 5-10 METRES DURING TERMINAL PHASE.

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