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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas


Makes Sense Sense Strategies Strategies Makes

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2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL


Jasmine Vidaurri
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Feb. 21, 2013

Problem-Based Model
Main idea Main idea

Having students solve a problem that is based around a concept they have seen before, students come up with their own strategy and conduct an experiment will little guidance from the teacher
Main idea Main idea

1. Identify a Topic -for this model choose a topic that students have prior knowledge of, therefore this can be done in the middle of the lesson 2. Specify Learning Objectives -when using the problem-based model there are two learning objectives. The first is to understand the topic; the second is developing problem-solving and self-learning skills. 3. Identify Problems -when choosing a problem, pick one that the students have prior knowledge in as well as concrete and personable to the students 4. Assess Materials -form groups that are not to large so that all students will have the opportunity, if there are a lot of small groups be sure to have plenty of materials so that groups wont have to share which messes with the momentum of the lesson.

Phase 1: Review and Present Problem -before presenting the problem to the class you must review the concept they will be using to help solve the problem. From there you may present the problem in a clear way as well as give clear instructions for what you are asking the students to do. Phase 2: Devise Strategy -have the students form their groups, with their classmates they will come up with a strategy to test in attempt to solve the problem. At this point be mindful of judging the students strategies. After the students have devised a strategy you may want them to present it before the class, this is optional. Phase 3: Implement the Strategy -in this phase students are conducting the experiment with the strategy they came up with. At this point the teacher may intervene and scaffold the students if they going to far in the wrong direction, be mindful of spending too much time with one group Phase 4: Discuss and Evaluate Results -in this phase students are presenting their findings and discussing what went right and wrong. Also in this phase it is the teachers job to get rid of any misconceptions that may have occurred during the experiment

Alternative Assessments Students can be asked to create a solution for problem Students can be asked to complete another experiment in which there would be less scaffolding and the teacher would circulate to evaluate how the students were working Other ways to assess could include: Observations Rubrics Checklists Performance Assesment Rating Scales

Students are motivated in this model because they experiments evoke curiosity and the problem is a authentic task, in which they can take the skill outside of the classroom

So what? What is important to understand about this?

Students build problem-solving skills, knowledge in the content, and self-regulation because it is up to them to come up the strategy and test it in a timely manner. Also teaches students to continue working and trying when things get difficult