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What is breastfeeding? Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts (i.e., via lactation) rather than from a baby bottle or other container. Babies have a sucking reflex that enables them to suck and swallow milk. Most mothers can breastfeed for six months or more, without the addition of infant formula or solid food. Advantages: Mother 1. Serves a protective function in preventing breast cancer 2. The release of oxytocin from the posterior pituitary gland aids in uterine involution 3. Successful breastfeeding can have an empowering effect because it is a skill only women can master 4. Reduces cost of feeding and preparation time. Baby 1. Breast milk contains proteins and enzymes that protect the infant from viruses and bacteria. 2. Breast milk contains the ideal electrolyte and mineral compositions for human infant growth. 3. Breast-fed newborns have less difficulty regulating calcium / phosphorus levels
Manual Breast Milk Expression
This is mainly to assist the mother to manually express milk so she can strengthen her milk supply and supply milk for her newborn should she be separated from the newborn. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Explain the procedure to the client Assemble the equipment, including a clean towel and a collection container Wash your hands and put on clean gloves; have client wash her hands Provide privacy and place the woman sitting comfortably Instruct the woman to place her right hand on her right breast, with her right thumb on the top of the breast at the outer limit of the areola and her right fingers underneath the breast. Tell the woman to press inward toward the chest wall.
Proper Technique for Burping the Baby
Help the woman hold the collecting jar just under her nipple 7. Have the woman slide her hand forward in a milking motion, causing the milk to be expressed from the nipple intro an infant bottle. 8. Have the woman move her thumb and fingers around her breast, repeating the technique. 9. Caution the woman to not use excessive force. This will damage sensitive breast tissue 10. After collection, refrigerate milk if it will be used within 24 hours; freeze if this time is longer. 11. Reinforce the woman’s success with this maneuver, regardless of the amount of breast milk expressed. *Note: Warm the milk before feeding it to the baby. This is done by soaking the container in another container with hot water.