Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources
They Where All-Stars. Narr. James Earl Jones. Prod. Martha Slator. 1st Generation Video. Film. This video helped us learn more about the historical context to our topic. It also helped us learn about the turning point its self and we got a couple of quotes from this video. Tygiel, Jules. Baseball's Great Experiment Jackie Robinson and His Legacy. New York, NY: Oxford, 2008. Print. This source gave us a lot of fine details about Jackie Robinson, Branch Rickey, and the short and long term effects. "Teaching With Documents: Beyond the Playing Field - Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate." National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.archives.gov>. This source had many letters from Jackie written to the President stating his views on equality "Jackie Robinson Hate Mail." Shadows and Light. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://rnishi.wordpress.com/tag/jackie-robinson/>. This picture helps demonstrate how people did not want to move on and did not allow change.

Secondary Sources
Baseball 1940-1950. Prod. Ken Burns. Turner Broadcasting Systems, 1986. Film. This film helped us gather quotes as well as historical context. Did You Ever See Jackie Robinson Hit the Ball? Itunes. Apple, 2009. Web.

5 Apr. 2013. This is an audio clip we used on our home page. Bergman, Irwin B. Jackie Robinson. N.p.: Chelsea House Publishers, 1994. Print. This book helped us figure out a lot about the short term impacts. Bilyeu, Suzanne. "1947: Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball." Scholastic. Scholastic inc., 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://teacher.scholastic.com>. This source helped us find more about Jackie’s childhood. "Biography." Jackie Robinson. N.p., 2011. Web. 6 Oct. 2012. <http://www.jackierobinson.com/about/index.php>. This website got us many great quotes and information on Jackie’s education and early years. Brennan, Luann, ed. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Vol. 13. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1998. Print. This book got us a lot of information of the time Jackie spent in the MLB. 20th Century Baseball Chronicle. Lincolnwood, Illinois: Louis Weber, 1999. Print. This source helped us find background information on Jackie Robinson 1940, Changing Times. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn more about the historical context of our topic and about Jackie previous life. 1947, Changing Times. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn more about the historical context of our topic and about Branch Rickey. The End. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn about the short term impacts of our topic. This

exhibit also had some primary sources in it. Fremon, David K. The Jim Crow Laws and Racism. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2000. Print. The source The Jim Crow Laws and Racism helped us better understand racism and the Jim Crow laws. The book also helped us better understand the Historical context. 1933, The Golden Years. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn about Jackie’s life as a kid and about the historical context. Hard Times, 1930. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn about the depression and the historical context of our topic. "Jackie Robinson." Bio. True History. N.p., 2012. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.biography.com>. This source gave us info on the historical context. Jackie Robinson Steals Home. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com> This video was used on our website. Saitta, Joseph. Personal interview. 14 Apr. 2013. This was a very helpful interview that gave a perspective on what it was like fof people at the time Santella, Andrew. Jackie Robinson Breaks the Color Line. New York: Children's Press, 1996. Print. Cornerstones of Freedom. This helped us find historical context on our topic Shorto, Rusell. Jackie Robinson. Millbrook Press Library Edition ed. Cooperstown, NY: n.p., 1991. Print. This helped us find the long term impacts of Jackie’s entrance.

Raatma, Lucia. Jackie Robinson. Milwaukee, WI: Trail Blazers of the Modern World, 2002. Print. We learned more about the historical context using this source. Jeffers, H. Paul. The 100 Greatest Heroes. New York, NY: Citadel, 2003. Print. This book helped us learn more about Jackie Robinson and the actual event. Nelson, Kadir. We Are the Ship. New York, NY: Hyperion, 2008. Print. This helped us understand the Negro Leagues and the historical context. Nemec, David, and Et al. 20th Century Baseball Chronicle. Lincoln Wood, IL: Publications International, 1999. Print. This book helped us fact check different things on Jackie Robinson and Branch Rickey. Nightengale, Bob. "Number of African American Baseball Players Dips Again." USA Today Sports. Gannett Co., 16 april 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com>. This helped us learn about the amount of African American major league baseball players there where. "Robinson, Jackie." The Lincoln Library of Sports Champions. Vol. 15. N.p.: Frontier, N/d. 82- 89. Print. This source helped us find quotes, facts, and fact check multiple sources' info. Riley, James A. "Robinson, Jack." Geographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 1994. 672-73. Print. This source helped us find information on the turning point itself. Schartz, Larry. "Jackie changed face of sports." ESPN.com. ESPN, 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. <http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00016431.html>. This source was one of our first sources and we learned a lot of info that we had not known before

WWI. 2012. Exhibit. Negro League Baseball Museum, KC. This exhibit helped us learn about racism and the historical context of our topic. Wukovits, John F. Life in the Negro Baseball Leagues. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent, 2005. Print. This book helped us learn more about how the black ball players were treated and the historical context of our topic. Zirin, Dave. "MLK Wasn't an Athlete but Understood Importance of Sports." Sports Illustrated. N.p., 18 Jan. 2010. Web. 14 Apr. 2013. <http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com>. This source gave us a great quote by Martin Luther King jr. about Jackie Robinson beyond baseball.