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ELA  –  Phonics   Contractions  Reinforcement  Lesson   Date  of  last  teaching:  _________________  


Common  Core  Standard(s)   CCSS.ELA-­‐Literacy.RF.1.2  Demonstrate  understanding  of  spoken  words,  syllables,  and   sounds  (phonemes).   CCSS.ELA-­‐Literacy.RF.1.3  Know  and  apply  grade-­‐level  phonics  and  word  analysis  skills  in   decoding  words.     Teacher  Preparation  –  Connect  to  prior  knowledge   Begin  lesson  by  reviewing  the  definition  of  contractions  (2  words  that  become  1  –  with   motions).    Ask  a  volunteer  to  provide  the  definition  and  redirect  when  necessary.   *See  anticipatory  set  for  more  details     Goals/Rational   To  reinforce  students’  understanding  of  the  structure  of  contractions  so  that  they  will  be   able  to  construct  contractions  independently.     Objective   After  reading  spelling  words  flashcards  and  reviewing  the  definition  of  contractions,   students  will  create  contraction  flashcards  under  the  guidance  and  direction  of  the   instructor.    Students  will  then  indentify  9  contraction  pairs  on  a  contraction  worksheet   of  which  8  must  be  correct  and  form  10  contractions  on  a  contraction  worksheet  of   which  9  must  be  correct.     Grouping  Structures   Anticipatory  Set  –  students  will  be  seated  at  the  carpet  and  the  teacher  will  instruct  the   class  as  a  whole   Worksheets  –  students  will  create  contraction  flashcards  and  complete  worksheets   individually  at  their  desks   Reflection  –  students  will  return  to  the  carpet     Materials  at  the  carpet:     Materials  up  front   Lesson  Materials  /  Equipment   • Spelling  word  flash  cards            *  Worksheet  1   • Mini  white  board   • White  board  &  marker            *  Scissors   • Dry  erase  marker   • Tissue                  *  Band-­‐Aid  (3)   • Latex  gloves  (2  per  student)   • Worksheet                *  Worksheet  2   • Band-­‐Aids  (3  per  student)   • Precut  row  1   • Contraction  operation   • Scissors   worksheets   • Gloves   • Band-­‐Aid  

Contractions   Language  Arts   Reinforcement  Lesson   *40  minute  lesson*    

ELA  –  Phonics   Contractions  Reinforcement  Lesson  

  Instructional  Procedures   Introduction  /  Anticipatory  Set  –  10  minutes   1. Prepare  students  for  lesson  –  ask  students  to  clear  their  desks,  push  in  their   chairs,  and  walk  quietly  to  the  carpet   2. Review  spelling  words   a. Ask  students  to  read  each  word  as  a  class  as  each  card  is  shown   i. Ask  students  which  spelling  words  are  contractions  and  how  they   know   ii. Write  these  words  on  the  white  board   3. Ask  for  student  volunteers  to  provide  the  definition  of  contractions   a. Definition  (define  orally):  2  words  become  1  (show  motions)   b. Discuss  apostrophes   i. Show  examples  of  commas  and  apostrophes  (on  the  white  board)   to  distinguish  between  the  two   c. Ask  students  which  2  words  make  up  each  of  their  contraction  spelling   words   i. Write  these  2  words  on  the  board   4. Explain  to  students  that  past  examples  have  taken  1  word  and  broke  it  into  2  and   now  they  are  going  to  learn  how  to  take  2  words  and  them  make  one   a. Ask  for  a  volunteer  to  come  up  and  erase  the  necessary  letters  to  make   the  words  can’t  and  don’t   b. Explain  that  the  apostrophe  holds  the  place  of  missing  letters   c. Provide  other  examples  and  ask  for  new  volunteers   Activity  –  20  minutes   Explain  contraction  operation   1. Students  will  be  making  contraction  flash  cards   a. Ask  someone  to  read  the  first  two  words   b. Write  words  on  the  white  board   c. Ask  volunteer  to  make  the  2  words  into  a  contraction   d. Explain  step  1:  cut  out  top  row   i. No  cutting  out  other  parts  –  letters  can  get  jumbled   e. Ask  a  volunteer  how  they  would  take  the  first  row  and  make  a   contraction   f. Explain  that  they  will  cut  out  letters  and  put  them  back  together   i. Shouldn’t  cut  in  between  the  lls   g. Going  to  do  this  which  each  row   i. Read   ii. Demo  on  the  board   iii. Cut  and  make  the  words   2. Explain  behavior  rules   a. As  we  do  each  step  no  one  should  be  going  ahead  

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Contraction  fill  in  the  blank  and  matching  worksheets   Pencils  

ELA  –  Phonics   Contractions  Reinforcement  Lesson  

b. Only  use  scissors  when  I  say  scissors  can  be  used   c. Listen  when  someone  is  at  the  board   i. If  caught  going  ahead,  heads  down  and  won’t  participate   Explain  “operation”  portion   1. Directions   a. Receiving  gloves  and  attaching  with  Band-­‐Aids   b. Shouldn’t  see  snapping  gloves   c. Shouldn’t  see  Band-­‐Aids  where  they  don’t  belong   d. One  step  at  a  time  –  fun  if  we’re  all  working  together,  being  quiet,  and   following  directions   2. Ask  volunteers  to  explain  direction  and  refresh  behavior  rules   3. Explain  that  they  are  going  to  go  back  to  their  seats,  get  out  their  scissors,  and   put  their  heads  down   a. No  one  should  be  touching  their  supplies   4. Dismiss:   a. Paper  passer   b. Tables   c. Call  up  individuals  to  get  supplies  for  their  table   Perform  Activity   1. Walk  students  through  each  word:   a. Ask  a  volunteer  to  read  1st  row   b. Write  2  words  on  board   c. Ask  a  volunteer  to  make  the  2  into  a  contraction   d. Ask  students  to  cut  out  first  row  and  put  scissors  down   e. Ask  volunteer  to  explain  how  they  will  make  the  first  word  from  their   worksheet  materials   f. Show  students  how  to  cut  out  the  first  word  and  how  to  attach  their   Band-­‐Aid   2. Repeat  the  following  steps  for  the  last  2  words   Worksheets   1. Ask  students  to  leave  their  flashcards  on  their  desks,  put  their  scissors  in  their   desks,  and  listen  for  instructions   2. Explain  matching  worksheet   a. Draw  a  line  between  the  matching  word  pairs   3. Explain  fill  in  the  blank  worksheet   a. Read  each  sentence   b. Words  in  parenthesis  need  to  be  made  into  a  contraction  and  written  on   the  line   c. Ask  volunteer  to  do  example  1   4. Remind  about  names   5. Explain  bags   a. While  working  on  worksheets,  instructor  will  be  coming  around  passing   out  bags  

ELA  –  Phonics   Contractions  Reinforcement  Lesson  

b. Students  should  write  their  names  on  the  back  of  their  flashcards  when   they  get  their  bag,  put  the  flash  card  in  the  bag  and  put  the  bag  in  their   desk   6. Dismiss  students  to  clean  up  their  desks   a. Give  paper  passer  worksheets   b. Pass  out  baggies   Reflection   1. Ask  students  to  put  all  materials  away,  place  papers  in  the  appropriate  basket,   and  go  to  the  carpet.       2. Ask  the  class  questions  about  contractions;  for  open  ended  questions  look  for  a   specific  answer,  for  yes/no  questions  as  students  to  give  a  thumbs  up  for  yes  and   a  thumbs  down  for  no   a. How  many  words  do  we  start  with  when  we  make  a  contraction?  (2)   i. 3?  (no)   ii. 1?  (no)   iii. 2?  (yes)   b. How  many  words  do  we  make  at  the  end?  (1)   c. What  is  the  curved  line  in  the  middle  of  a  contraction  called?   (apostrophe)   i. Comma?  (no)   d. Can  2  different  communities  have  something  in  common?   e. Can  we  help  communities  in  our  global  community  that  are  far  away?   3. SPIRAL:    Students  will  use  the  words  from  their  flashcards  and  worksheets  in   their  contraction  word  match  game  and  on  their  spelling  test     Teacher  Reflection:   What  would  you  change  for  next  time?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________  


Will  /  did  you  reach  your  lesson  objective?    How  do  you  know?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   If  not,  how  do  you  need  to  follow  up?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   What  did  you  learn  from  the  experience?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________  


ELA  –  Phonics   Contractions  Reinforcement  Lesson  


Did  you  learn  anything  about  yourself?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   Were  you  prepared?   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________   _____________________________________________________________________