2013

THE LITTLE DATA BOOK ON GENDER

© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org Some rights reserved 1 2 3 4 16 15 14 13 This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. Note that The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of the content contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries. Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Rights and Permissions

This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt this work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions: Attribution —Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. The Little Data Book on Gender 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9820-3. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 Translations —If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation. All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org. ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9820-3 ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9821-0 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9820-3 The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank. Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Europe and Central Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Low income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

iii

Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a collaborative effort between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Gender and Development Group of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network. The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 was prepared by Liu Cui, Vanessa Moreira da Silva, Juan Feng, Masako Hiraga, Hiroko Maeda, Johan Mistiaen, William Prince, and Emi Suzuki of the Development Data Group and Josefina Posadas of the Gender and Development Group. The introduction was written by Masako Hiraga and Josefina Posadas. Production of the book was coordinated by Azita Amjadi and Alison Kwong; Barton Matheson Willse & Worthington typeset the book. The work was carried out under the direction of Shaida Badiee and Jeni Klugman. Staff from The World Bank's Office of the Publisher oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.

iv

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Introduction
The Little Data Book on Gender 2013 is a quick reference for users interested in gender statistics. It presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium Development Goals. Summary pages that cover regional and income group aggregates are also included. This third issue of The Little Data Book on Gender reflects the structure of the World Development Report 2012 on Gender Equality and Development. The report looked at the facts and trends surrounding the various dimensions of gender equality in the context of the development process: although many women around the world continue to struggle with gender-based disadvantages, much has changed for the better and at a more rapid pace than ever before. But that progress needs to be expanded, protected, and deepened. While development has closed some gender gaps, other gaps persist, including excess deaths of girls and women, disparities in girls’ schooling, unequal access to economic opportunities, and differences in voice within the household and in society. The report argues that gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative of groups in society. For more information about this landmark report, visit www.worldbank.org/wdr2012. As part of its strategy to provide content when, where, and how users want it, the World Bank now offers two new electronic products on gender. The Gender Equality Data and Statistics Portal (data.worldbank.org/gender) is a resource center for the latest gender-relevant data, with statistics from various sources, tools, training materials, and reference documents covering employment, education, health, public life and decision making, human rights, and demographic outcomes for women and men, and girls and boys. The Gender Data Finder mobile application for iOS, Android or Blackberry allows users to browse and search gender-relevant and sex disaggregated data by keyword, topic, region, and more. Visit http://data.worldbank.org/ apps for more information.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

v

Data notes
The data in this book are for 1990 and 2011 or the most recent year unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary. •   Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless otherwise noted. •   Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. •   F igures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified. Symbols used: .. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data. indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to zero at the displayed number of decimal places. $ indicates current U.S. dollars.

0 or 0.0

Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the Notes on page 232. Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2013 family of products.

vi

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, , Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

1

World
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

6,974.2 66,354.3 9,514 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 68 85 ..

63 89

1.07 72 50 ..

68 53

93 45 13 76 79

106 54 14 85 88

105 69 30 89 87

108 71 28 91 92

3.2 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 400

2.4 53 .. .. .. 81 66 210

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. .. .. .. 49 45 .. .. .. .. ..

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 59 .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 35 .. .. .. .. 47

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 49 .. .. .. .. 54

13

21

2

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,974.2 8,387.3 4,248 12.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.10 70 53 ..

66 58

1.13 74 20 ..

71 22

117 34 4 .. 92

127 44 6 .. 97

112 80 27 99 99

110 77 25 96 99

2.6 .. .. 75 .. 71 84 220

1.8 19 .. .. .. 92 91 83

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. 66 67 .. .. .. .. ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 67 .. .. .. .. ..

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 52 .. .. .. .. 52

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 53 .. .. .. .. 58

17

18

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

3

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

408.1 3,156.6 7,734 0.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 73 43 ..

64 52

1.06 75 19 ..

67 23

103 87 37 94 98

105 91 33 96 99

100 88 61 98 99

100 91 51 99 99

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. 99 70

1.8 26 .. 74 .. .. 98 32

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 .. .. .. .. 48 36 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 45 .. .. .. .. ..

50 81 19 18 5.3 16 18 66 47 .. .. .. .. 46 28 .. 7.5 .. 18 40

70 80 20 18 1.9 16 35 49

64 41 .. 8.3 .. 17 50

..

18

4

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

589.0 5,050.3 8,574 5.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 72 48 ..

65 57

1.05 78 17 ..

71 21

116 63 16 85 93

117 59 17 82 93

114 93 45 102 97

118 86 36 101 97

3.2 .. .. 58 .. .. 75 140

2.2 71 .. .. .. 96 .. 81

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 40 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 62 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 37 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 32 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82 60 40 30 5.3 21 30 49

77 62 .. 6.0 .. 10 ..

54 66 32 31 7.0 8 14 78 41 63 .. .. .. 49 35 .. 9.7 .. 19 35

80 63 36 30 3.7 19 28 52

75 56 .. 6.3 .. 13 44

12

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

5

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

336.5 1,279.5 3,866 2.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 66 68 ..

62 72

1.05 74 30 ..

70 34

86 47 8 68 67

103 64 14 84 85

101 71 30 87 88

108 78 30 93 94

4.9 .. .. 43 .. .. .. 220

2.7 37 .. .. .. .. .. 81

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 18 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 18 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 13 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 42 .. 10.8 .. .. ..

20 .. .. 49 .. 43 14 43 .. .. .. .. .. 16 8 .. 19.1 .. .. 13

73 .. .. 33 .. 23 29 48

65 37 .. 8.6 .. .. 23

4

14

6

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,656.5 2,174.5 1,313 31.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 59 122 ..

58 116

1.07 67 63 ..

64 61

72 26 3 51 47

99 44 7 72 69

105 55 13 87 73

107 61 17 89 86

4.2 .. .. 41 .. .. .. 620

2.7 71 .. 51 .. 70 48 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 12 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 19 81 .. 13.6 55 17 28

82 64 .. 3.7 .. 8 ..

32 81 15 20 85 80 84 77 33.7 10.9 65 46 18 24 17 30 .. .. .. .. .. 30 79 21 52 .. .. 4.4 3.3 41.4 36.6 12 10 25 41

6

20

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

7

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

874.8 1,100.8 1,258 48.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.04 51 169 ..

48 186

1.04 56 103 ..

54 114

65 19 2 46 59

78 26 4 57 73

96 36 5 67 67

103 43 8 74 76

6.3 .. .. 16 .. .. .. 850

4.9 106 .. 25 .. 76 48 500

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53 42 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 51 .. .. .. .. ..

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 58 44 .. .. .. .. 21

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 49 .. .. .. .. 27

..

22

8

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each economy in The Little Data Book on Gender is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less in 2011. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middleincome economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,036. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,496 or more. Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

9

Low income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

816.8 466.0 571 48.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.04 54 156 ..

52 171

1.04 60 90 ..

58 100

63 17 2 40 53

78 26 5 52 67

103 38 6 65 70

108 44 9 70 77

5.7 .. .. 23 .. .. .. 810

4.0 92 .. 37 .. 75 47 410

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 54 .. .. .. .. ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 63 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64 51 .. .. .. .. 20

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 58 .. .. .. .. 27

..

21

10

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Middle income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5,022.4 20,835.4 4,148 17.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 66 81 ..

63 83

1.08 71 46 ..

67 47

97 41 8 78 79

112 51 10 88 88

106 70 27 93 88

108 72 26 94 94

3.3 .. .. 60 .. .. .. 370

2.3 50 .. .. .. 82 70 190

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. .. .. .. 48 44 .. .. .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 61 .. .. .. .. ..

49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46 32 .. .. .. .. 39

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 50 .. .. .. .. 48

13

19

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2,532.7 4,488.5 1,772 26.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 61 109 ..

58 110

1.06 68 62 ..

64 63

81 33 7 62 63

101 48 9 78 78

102 59 17 89 79

106 64 20 92 89

4.2 .. .. 40 .. .. .. 560

2.9 66 .. 51 .. 76 57 260

39 .. .. .. .. 62 13 24 20 .. .. .. .. 37 29 .. .. .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. 52 18 30

78 58 .. .. .. .. ..

37 .. .. 76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 23 .. 6.4 .. .. 23

79 .. .. 70 .. .. .. ..

75 49 .. 4.2 .. .. 34

11

16

12

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Upper middle income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

2,489.7 16,340.5 6,563 8.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.09 71 48 ..

66 53

1.11 75 19 ..

71 21

117 47 9 96 92

125 54 10 99 96

111 87 38 99 99

111 83 32 97 99

2.6 .. .. 76 .. .. 90 130

1.8 30 .. .. .. 94 97 62

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. 57 57 .. .. .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 63 .. .. .. .. ..

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 44 .. .. .. .. 53

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 51 .. .. .. .. 62

14

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

5,839.2 21,324.4 3,652 20.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 65 93 ..

61 97

1.07 70 55 ..

66 58

92 38 7 73 76

107 48 9 83 86

105 65 24 88 85

108 67 23 90 91

3.6 .. .. 56 .. .. .. 440

2.5 57 .. .. .. 80 65 230

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32 .. .. .. .. 50 45 .. .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 61 .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 35 .. .. .. .. 37

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. .. .. .. 46

13

20

14

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

High income
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

1,135.0 45,242.5 39,860 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 79 11 ..

72 13

1.05 83 5 ..

77 6

102 92 43 98 ..

103 92 42 96 ..

103 101 80 101 100

103 102 64 100 100

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 16

1.7 17 .. .. .. .. .. 14

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 49 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 19 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 76 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 46 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 43 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 20.7 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 82 17 .. 1.0 6 39 55

68 49 .. 5.4 27.2 12 ..

52 69 90 87 10 15 .. .. 1.9 0.6 3 4 11 31 86 64 47 .. .. .. .. 48 63 36 39 .. .. 8.0 8.2 31.5 35.9 17 19 87 92

12

24

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

15

Euro area
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

332.9 12,871.5 38,661 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 9 ..

73 11

1.06 84 4 ..

79 4

104 94 32 99 ..

104 93 34 98 ..

105 107 65 100 100

106 109 55 98 100

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 11

1.6 8 .. .. .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 84 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 14 16 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 1.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 7 8 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 42 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 72 50 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 38 64 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 46 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.6 7.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.6 50.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 18 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50 65 88 80 12 20 9 12 1.4 0.7 2 4 12 35 85 60 48 76 .. .. .. 44 58 31 37 .. .. 10.3 9.8 43.9 45.2 23 23 89 93

12

28

16

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Country tables
China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China. Cyprus GNI and data calculated using GNI refer to the area controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. France Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are included in data for France. Georgia GNI and population data and data calculated using GNI and population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available. Moldova GNI and population data and data calculated using GNI and population exclude Transnistria. Morocco GNI and data calculated using GNI include Former Spanish Sahara. South Sudan and Sudan South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. Tanzania GNI data and data calculated using GNI refer to mainland Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data .worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

17

Afghanistan
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
35.3 16.6 470 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 42 188 ..

42 196

1.06 49 99 ..

49 103

21 10 1 14 ..

37 20 3 39 ..

81 34 1 .. ..

114 62 5 .. ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 8.0 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 16 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 14 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6.2 103 40 21 .. 48 39 460

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. .. .. .. ..

16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. 13 100 .. 14 10 .. .. .. .. 3

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 50 .. .. .. .. 15

4

28

18

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Albania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
3.2 12.8 3,980 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 75 39 ..

69 43

1.07 80 14 16

74 15

99 85 9 .. ..

99 93 8 .. ..

.. .. 50 .. 99

.. .. 38 .. 99

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. 93 48

1.5 16 10 69 13 97 99 27

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 39 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 53 .. .. .. .. ..

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 80 .. 43 34 .. 15.9 .. 28 23

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 43 .. 12.2 .. 26 34

29

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

19

Algeria
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
36.0 160.8 4,470 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 68 62 ..

66 70

1.05 75 28 ..

72 32

86 54 .. 73 62

103 70 .. 89 86

106 96 38 94 89

112 94 26 95 94

4.7 .. .. 51 .. 58 77 220

2.2 6 2 61 11 89 95 97

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 10 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 7 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 6 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 37 .. 21.7 .. .. ..

15 36 64 .. 8.5 6 30 64 15 .. 14 100 .. 12 6 .. 19.1 .. 38 20

72 32 68 .. 3.4 13 34 54

64 37 .. 8.1 .. 19 46

2

32

20

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

American Somoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
69.5 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

100 95 .. .. ..

98 91 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 99 2 .. 0.3 0 45 25 42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.7 .. 12 ..

.. 97 3 .. 0.1 4 43 52

.. .. .. 3.6 .. 12 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

21

Andorra

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
86.2 3.4 41,750 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. 8 ..

.. 9

.. .. 3 ..

.. 4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

82 88 13 67 ..

82 86 9 60 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

50

22

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Angola
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
19.6 75.2 3,830 54.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 43 232 ..

39 254

1.03 53 150 25

50 165

81 .. 0 .. ..

88 .. 1 .. ..

112 25 3 40 66

137 37 4 53 80

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.2 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 66 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.3 153 .. .. .. 80 47 450

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 50 .. .. .. .. ..

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 59 45 .. .. .. .. 39

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 51 .. .. .. .. 39

15

34

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

23

Antigua and Barbuda
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
89.6 1.1 11,940 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 77 23 ..

72 30

.. .. 7 ..

.. 9

99 124 .. 93 ..

104 121 .. 103 ..

95 104 19 92 ..

102 106 10 103 ..

1.7 .. .. 53 .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. 83 16 14 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 78 21 15 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 1 5 94 51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 4 26 70

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

11

24

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Argentina
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
40.8 .. .. <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.04 75 25 ..

68 31

1.04 80 13 34

72 16

106 74 42 .. 99

107 67 36 .. 98

117 95 90 108 99

119 85 60 106 99

3.0 .. .. .. .. 95 96 71

2.2 55 .. .. .. .. 95 77

41 70 30 27 2.5 0 18 82 37 .. 13 60 .. 38 36 .. 7.3 .. 16 ..

78 68 32 25 0.7 1 39 60

74 59 .. 7.3 .. 12 ..

47 81 19 16 1.2 0 10 89 45 65 13 100 23 43 25 .. 8.5 30.9 22 32

75 74 26 20 0.4 2 33 64

70 43 .. 6.2 21.6 17 35

6

37

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

25

Armenia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
3.1 10.4 3,360 2.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 71 43 ..

65 51

1.14 77 15 37

71 19

96 .. .. .. 100

93 .. .. .. 100

86 90 55 85 100

83 88 43 82 100

2.5 .. .. 56 .. .. 100 46

1.7 34 7 55 14 99 100 30

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 18 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 34 .. .. .. .. ..

49 60 40 40 17.1 49 8 43 43 56 20 100 22 32 14 7.5 35.0 63.8 55 18

70 62 38 36 7.6 39 25 35

52 23 12.0 21.9 52.2 37 17

36

11

26

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Aruba

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
108.1 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 76 .. ..

71 ..

1.05 78 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

106 91 37 93 99

112 90 27 88 99

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.7 28 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 95 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 95 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 29 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 11 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 90 10 5 0.1 0 28 71

.. .. .. 5.9 16.2 13 ..

.. 94 6 3 0.4 0 6 93 49 .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. 6.5 .. 23 ..

.. 88 12 5 0.1 1 33 66

.. .. .. 5.0 .. 24 ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

27

Australia

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
22.3 1,111.4 49,790 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 8 ..

74 10

1.06 84 4 ..

80 5

106 134 38 .. ..

106 134 33 .. ..

105 128 92 .. ..

105 135 68 .. ..

1.9 .. .. 76 .. 100 100 10

1.9 13 .. .. .. 98 .. 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 83 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 47 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 56 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 17.1 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76 83 17 12 0.5 7 34 59

67 59 .. 6.7 24.1 13 ..

59 91 9 7 0.3 2 9 88 47 71 52 .. 37 56 60 .. 5.3 18.0 11 99

72 87 13 11 0.2 4 32 64

69 62 .. 4.9 19.7 12 100

6

25

28

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Austria

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
8.4 405.7 48,170 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 79 8 ..

72 11

1.06 84 4 ..

78 5

102 96 30 .. ..

102 105 34 .. ..

99 97 74 98 ..

100 101 63 99 ..

1.5 .. .. .. .. 100 100 10

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. 4

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 58 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 18.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 .. .. .. .. 7 49 44

68 64 .. 3.0 18.4 4 ..

54 89 11 9 2.3 5 12 82 48 80 16 100 27 52 49 .. 4.3 24.2 9 97

68 84 16 9 1.9 6 38 57

65 59 .. 4.0 27.5 8 98

12

28

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

29

Azerbaijan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
9.2 48.5 5,290 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 69 88 ..

61 100

1.16 74 43 25

68 47

110 88 19 95 ..

111 87 28 97 ..

95 98 20 92 100

96 100 19 93 100

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. 97 56

1.9 32 12 51 23 77 88 43

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 50 38 .. .. .. .. ..

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 37 .. .. .. .. ..

62 37 63 62 .. 44 6 50 44 .. 18 100 7 58 31 .. 6.4 .. 15 14

69 48 52 47 .. 32 22 47

64 32 .. 4.5 .. 14 16

..

16

30

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Bahamas, The

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
347.2 7.5 21,970 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 73 20 ..

66 23

1.06 79 15 ..

72 17

95 97 29 .. ..

94 95 13 .. ..

115 98 .. 99 ..

113 93 .. 95 ..

2.6 .. .. 62 .. .. 99 52

1.9 29 .. .. .. 98 99 47

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 50 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 52 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 33 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 58 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 40.1 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 20 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 84 15 .. 0.3 9 24 67

70 50 .. 12.1 22.6 14 ..

69 90 9 .. 0.4 2 4 94 50 .. 13 100 52 60 36 .. 13.7 .. 22 ..

79 81 19 .. 0.2 6 22 72

71 46 .. 13.6 .. 17 ..

4

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

31

Bahrain

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
1.3 20.1 15,920 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 74 20 ..

71 21

1.05 76 10 ..

75 10

113 89 20 106 97

110 87 15 102 97

107 105 44 .. 100

108 101 18 .. 100

3.7 .. .. 54 .. .. .. 23

2.5 15 .. .. .. 100 97 20

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 28 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 8 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 6 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 15 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 34 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88 .. .. .. .. 3 33 64

83 47 .. 5.2 .. 22 ..

39 99 2 1 0.8 .. .. .. 10 .. 6 100 .. 31 20 .. .. .. .. 49

87 96 4 2 0.5 .. .. ..

83 38 .. .. .. .. 79

..

10

32

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Bangladesh
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
150.5 117.8 780 43.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 59 138 9

60 140

1.05 70 44 13

68 48

74 14 1 .. 38

88 27 7 .. 52

.. 55 8 .. 78

.. 48 13 .. 75

4.5 .. 73 40 18 26 10 800

2.2 70 66 61 17 55 32 240

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 85 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 20 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 2 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88 .. .. .. .. 54 16 25

85 72 .. 2.0 .. 3 ..

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 100 .. 54 45 6.4 7.4 .. .. 35

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 59 25.7 4.2 .. .. 44

10

20

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

33

Barbados

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
273.9 3.5 12,660 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 77 16 ..

72 20

1.04 80 18 ..

74 22

115 82 20 .. ..

116 91 14 .. ..

125 110 90 114 ..

126 98 36 108 ..

1.7 .. .. 55 .. 100 .. 120

1.6 41 .. .. .. 100 100 51

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 61 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 85 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 15 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.6 1.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 7 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 29 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 43 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 65 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.2 10.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 61.3 55.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 41 22 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65 .. .. .. .. 2 10 87 51 .. 12 100 47 56 37 .. 12.5 .. .. ..

76 .. .. .. .. 4 30 66

69 46 .. 9.8 .. .. ..

4

10

34

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Belarus
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
9.5 55.2 5,830 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 76 15 ..

66 20

1.06 77 5 ..

65 6

96 99 .. 95 100

96 95 .. 95 100

98 103 100 103 100

98 106 71 104 100

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. 100 37

1.5 21 .. .. .. .. 100 4

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. 53 38 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 40 .. .. .. .. ..

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 .. 18 100 .. 46 27 .. .. .. .. 58

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

57 35 .. .. .. .. 59

..

27

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

35

Belgium

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
11.0 506.2 45,930 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 80 9 ..

73 11

1.05 83 4 ..

78 5

100 99 37 81 ..

99 98 38 75 ..

104 109 79 93 ..

104 112 62 89 ..

1.6 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 10

1.8 12 .. .. .. .. .. 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 61 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 83 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 17 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 17 18 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.2 0.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 16 40 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 39 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 80 Maternity leave (weeks) 15 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 82 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 58 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 34 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.4 4.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 68.4 64.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48 90 11 9 1.9 1 10 89 47 80 15 82 30 44 24 .. 7.2 49.7 19 97

61 83 18 12 0.5 2 35 64

56 29 .. 7.1 47.1 19 95

9

38

36

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Belize
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
356.6 1.3 3,710 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 74 39 ..

71 49

1.03 78 15 ..

75 19

106 62 .. 90 77

115 62 .. 95 76

116 75 26 107 ..

126 78 16 114 ..

4.5 .. .. 47 .. 96 77 71

2.7 72 26 34 .. 99 94 53

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 82 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 76 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.6 3.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 33 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 23 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 41 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 34 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 50 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 80 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 41 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 75 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 59 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.1 4.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.6 30.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. 14 100 .. 42 32 .. 13.0 .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 57 .. 5.9 .. .. ..

0

3

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

37

Benin
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
9.1 7.1 780 47.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 52 171 ..

46 183

1.04 58 103 23

54 109

35 9 1 12 27

71 23 5 28 55

120 39 6 66 45

137 64 15 84 66

6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 770

5.2 100 34 17 30 84 74 350

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 57 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 1 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 79 .. 2.2 .. 3 ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 67 57 76.1 .. .. .. 10

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 56 72.8 .. .. .. 11

3

8

38

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Bermuda
South Asia
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
64.7 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 78 .. ..

70 ..

.. 82 .. ..

77 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

89 83 43 100 ..

91 71 20 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 7.5 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

39

Bhutan
South Asia
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low middle income
738.3 1.6 2,130 10.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.04 54 130 ..

51 147

1.04 69 50 ..

65 57

41 .. .. 20 ..

68 .. .. 27 ..

111 77 7 105 ..

110 73 10 101 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 15 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.3 46 26 66 .. 97 65 180

50 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 34 .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 47 .. .. .. .. ..

66 17 83 83 34.4 68 9 24 27 60 .. .. 27 63 44 .. 4.5 .. 11 ..

77 40 60 60 24.4 53 10 37

75 41 .. 1.8 .. 7 ..

2

9

40

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Bolivia
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
10.1 20.4 2,020 15.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 61 112 19

57 127

1.05 69 48 23

64 54

102 .. .. 64 92

110 .. .. 78 96

99 80 35 95 99

101 82 42 95 100

4.9 .. 24 30 23 46 43 450

3.3 75 22 61 20 86 71 190

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 48 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 52 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

83 63 37 32 3.6 2 35 63

79 58 .. 21.1 .. .. ..

64 33 67 64 32.7 33 10 57 37 59 12 100 29 60 44 18.4 4.4 .. .. 25

81 46 54 47 12.6 31 28 41

78 55 21.8 2.6 .. .. 31

9

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
3.8 18.0 4,780 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 74 16 ..

62 21

1.07 78 7 ..

73 9

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

91 91 43 76 100

90 88 33 75 100

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. 97 18

1.1 14 6 36 23 99 100 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

44 20 .. 15.5 .. .. ..

35 59 74 75 25 25 25 25 10.2 2.3 21 19 16 36 63 45 41 .. 52 100 .. 25 43 10 18 9.5 11.7 29.9 26.0 .. .. 60 57 48 67

..

21

42

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Botswana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
2.0 15.2 7,470 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 66 49 ..

62 57

1.03 52 24 ..

54 28

108 42 4 97 92

100 38 5 81 86

108 84 8 98 97

112 79 7 97 94

4.7 .. 10 33 .. 92 78 140

2.7 45 .. 53 .. 94 95 160

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 67 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 65 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 35 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 34 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 25 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 30 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 33 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 67 33 31 1.4 .. .. ..

63 41 .. 11.7 .. 20 ..

72 82 59 62 41 38 39 33 4.4 2.1 24 35 11 19 65 46 41 55 12 25 30 57 69 37 46 .. .. 19.9 15.3 60.3 59.2 .. .. 28 32

5

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

43

Brazil
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
196.7 2,107.7 10,720 6.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 70 52 21

63 64

1.05 77 14 ..

70 17

130 .. 11 .. ..

131 .. 10 .. ..

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 97

2.8 .. 26 59 18 74 70 120

1.8 76 36 81 .. 98 97 56

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 45 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 65 35 29 4.3 28 28 44

79 69 .. 3.8 .. 7 ..

60 69 25 22 6.3 12 13 75 42 68 17 100 36 54 43 2.6 11.0 .. 23 51

81 64 33 27 3.4 21 29 50

77 62 5.8 6.1 .. 14 61

5

9

44

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Brunei Darussalam

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
405.9 12.5 31,800 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 76 11 ..

72 14

1.06 80 7 ..

76 8

113 75 8 129 98

118 69 5 115 98

106 113 25 120 100

104 111 15 120 100

3.5 .. .. .. .. 100 98 29

2.0 23 .. .. .. 99 100 24

44 96 4 3 0.6 2 9 90 23 .. .. .. .. 43 30 .. 6.7 .. .. ..

82 94 6 4 0.4 2 31 66

78 46 .. 3.7 .. .. ..

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 53 37 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 44 .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

45

Bulgaria
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
7.3 48.8 6,640 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 75 20 ..

68 25

1.06 78 11 ..

71 13

95 99 28 100 ..

96 99 24 100 ..

102 87 65 106 98

103 91 49 106 98

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 99 24

1.5 38 .. .. .. .. 100 11

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 63 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 52 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 45 50 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 33 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.0 20.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 52.3 52.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

49 60 91 85 10 15 7 10 1.3 0.8 5 8 25 41 70 51 49 53 19 90 37 44 53 20 27 .. .. 10.0 12.3 54.8 57.1 25 28 55 50

21

23

46

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Burkina Faso
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
17.0 9.9 580 44.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 50 202 7

47 215

1.05 56 142 10

54 151

23 5 0 13 14

37 10 1 23 27

76 20 3 42 33

82 25 5 48 47

6.8 .. 62 8 25 59 42 700

5.8 119 52 16 31 94 66 300

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 77 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 23 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 76 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 72 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

91 6 93 92 52.2 .. .. ..

88 80 .. .. .. .. ..

78 90 4 10 94 88 93 87 69.2 26.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 .. 14 100 31 76 87 70 76 34.5 49.0 1.7 2.9 .. .. 3 5 11 16

..

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

47

Burundi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
8.6 2.2 250 81.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 48 175 ..

45 190

1.03 52 133 27

49 145

63 4 0 33 48

78 6 1 48 59

165 24 2 62 78

164 32 4 62 78

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.5 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 17 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 9 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 79 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 19 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.2 20 20 22 32 99 60 800

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 .. 12 90 .. 85 75 .. 0.3 .. 0 ..

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 70 .. 0.7 .. 1 ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 50 .. 79 61 32.4 .. .. .. 6

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 56 31.3 .. .. .. 9

..

31

48

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Cambodia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
14.3 11.7 820 18.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 57 108 ..

54 125

1.05 64 37 27

62 47

124 .. 0 .. ..

155 .. 2 .. ..

122 45 11 90 86

129 48 18 90 88

5.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 830

2.5 35 18 51 17 89 71 250

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 77 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 73 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 68 .. .. .. .. ..

79 87 27 36 73 64 73 64 13.9 16.2 57 55 18 16 26 29 .. .. 13 50 21 78 85 70 69 33.9 35.0 0.1 0.3 .. .. 3 4 4 4

..

20

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

49

Cameroon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
20.0 24.1 1,210 9.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 55 137 18

52 154

1.03 53 120 ..

51 135

89 20 .. 52 ..

104 30 .. 56 ..

111 47 11 72 77

128 56 14 84 89

5.9 .. 58 16 22 79 64 670

4.4 118 38 23 3 85 64 690

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 53 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 47 .. .. .. .. ..

64 77 11 29 89 71 87 67 37.2 22.3 58 49 12 13 30 38 26 .. 14 100 .. 62 74 40 46 43.4 43.5 4.5 3.1 .. .. .. .. 11 19

14

14

50

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Canada

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
34.5 1,570.9 45,550 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 81 7 ..

74 9

1.06 83 5 ..

79 6

103 100 100 .. ..

104 99 81 .. ..

100 100 .. 96 ..

100 103 .. 96 ..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

1.6 12 .. .. .. 100 100 12

58 90 10 .. 0.9 2 12 86 47 70 17 57 34 52 58 .. 8.1 6.0 11 ..

76 82 18 .. 0.2 5 34 61

67 57 .. 8.2 7.9 14 ..

62 71 92 90 8 10 .. .. 0.1 0.1 1 3 10 32 89 65 50 67 17 55 36 58 66 57 54 .. .. 7.0 7.8 11.8 13.9 12 16 97 94

13

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

51

Cape Verde
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
500.6 1.8 3,540 21.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 68 54 ..

62 62

1.03 78 20 ..

70 23

119 21 0 56 86

123 20 0 58 90

105 97 24 96 99

114 83 17 94 97

5.3 .. .. 24 .. .. .. 200

2.3 72 .. .. .. .. .. 79

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 42 85 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 43 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.6 23.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 42 41 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 90 .. 48 42 .. .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 65 .. .. .. .. ..

12

21

52

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Cayman Islands

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
56.7 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 50 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. 2 34 64

.. .. .. 5.3 .. .. ..

.. 95 5 .. .. 1 4 94 51 .. .. .. 44 .. .. .. 4.1 .. 13 ..

.. 87 12 .. .. 3 33 63

.. .. .. 3.8 .. 14 ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

53

Central African Republic
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
4.5 2.1 480 62.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 51 163 ..

47 175

1.03 50 157 ..

47 170

54 7 0 19 35

86 16 2 42 63

79 13 1 33 58

109 23 4 53 72

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 930

4.5 100 68 15 .. 68 54 890

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 65 52 .. .. .. .. ..

87 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 64 .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 68 51 .. .. .. .. 3

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 61 .. .. .. .. 3

4

13

54

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Chad
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
11.5 8.3 720 61.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 52 198 ..

49 219

1.03 51 160 ..

48 177

30 2 .. 6 9

69 11 .. 27 26

86 15 1 29 41

115 35 4 47 53

6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 920

5.9 143 68 5 .. 53 23 1,100

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 64 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 44.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 4 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 51 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 9 90 90 13.2 80 3 16

76 51 .. 1.1 .. .. ..

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 60 50 .. .. .. .. 7

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. .. .. .. 11

..

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

55

Channel Islands

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
153.9 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 78 .. ..

73 ..

1.06 82 .. ..

78 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.5 9 .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

56

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Chile
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
17.3 212.0 12,280 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 77 17 ..

71 21

1.04 82 8 ..

76 10

104 80 24 .. 99

106 76 28 .. 98

101 91 68 99 99

104 88 64 99 99

2.6 .. .. 56 .. 95 99 56

1.8 56 .. 58 .. .. 100 25

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 32 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 50 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 29 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 27.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

77 71 28 .. .. 25 30 44

71 43 .. 5.7 14.7 13 ..

47 62 26 24 2.2 5 10 85 38 59 18 100 .. 43 25 .. 8.7 .. 21 41

74 73 27 25 0.9 14 31 55

70 38 .. 6.1 .. 15 43

..

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

57

China
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
1,344.1 6,643.2 4,940 11.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) b Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.13 71 48 ..

68 50

1.18 75 14 ..

72 15

126 32 3 .. 91

139 43 5 .. 97

115 83 28 .. 99

111 80 25 .. 99

2.3 .. .. 85 .. 70 94 120

1.6 9 .. 85 .. 94 100 37

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 70 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 74 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 69 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 65 59 .. .. .. .. 60

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 54 .. .. .. .. 68

21

21

58

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Colombia
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
46.9 284.9 6,070 8.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 72 31 23

64 38

1.05 77 16 34

70 20

113 57 16 86 92

99 48 15 63 89

110 102 45 111 99

114 93 41 112 98

3.1 .. 22 66 11 83 94 170

2.1 69 23 79 7 97 99 92

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 32 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 28 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 18 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 25 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

77 65 35 30 0.8 2 35 63

69 51 .. 8.1 .. 15 ..

56 48 52 49 7.1 5 16 79 46 60 12 100 .. 48 28 4.4 15.0 .. 30 25

80 45 55 48 3.7 26 23 51

73 44 8.3 9.1 .. 18 36

5

12

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

59

Comoros
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
753.9 581.0 770 46.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 58 113 ..

54 130

1.05 62 74 ..

60 85

71 28 0 37 ..

101 41 1 43 ..

90 .. 9 65 85

106 .. 10 84 86

5.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 440

4.9 52 .. .. .. .. .. 280

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 16.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 51 .. 21.3 .. .. ..

35 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 33 22 .. .. .. .. 18

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 48 .. .. .. .. 26

0

3

60

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
67.8 13.1 190 87.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 48 171 ..

45 192

1.03 50 158 21

47 178

48 14 .. 37 ..

67 29 .. 62 ..

89 29 3 50 62

103 50 9 67 68

7.1 .. .. 8 .. .. .. 930

5.7 177 39 17 24 89 80 540

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26 .. 14 67 .. 64 45 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

70 37 .. .. .. .. ..

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 67 .. 66 44 21.4 .. .. .. 3

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 38 19.5 .. .. .. 5

5

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

61

Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
4.1 9.3 2,250 54.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 58 113 ..

55 124

1.03 59 94 ..

56 103

122 42 2 60 ..

130 55 8 61 ..

113 .. 7 69 ..

119 .. 11 73 ..

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 420

4.5 114 33 .. .. .. .. 560

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 26 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 15 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 42 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15 100 .. 64 40 .. .. .. .. 7

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 41 .. .. .. .. 11

14

7

62

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Costa Rica
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
4.7 36.1 7,640 3.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 78 15 ..

73 19

1.05 82 9 ..

77 11

102 45 .. 81 ..

103 42 .. 78 ..

107 104 49 101 99

108 99 38 97 98

3.2 .. .. 75 .. 95 98 38

1.8 63 .. 82 .. 90 99 40

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 24 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 53 Maternity leave (weeks) 17 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 67 33 26 4.7 34 27 39

79 65 .. 4.1 8.4 8 ..

46 79 21 19 1.7 4 11 84 43 60 17 100 35 44 32 1.6 10.3 .. 22 41

79 74 26 21 1.0 20 25 55

76 52 3.4 6.0 .. 14 60

11

39

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

63

Côte d’Ivoire
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
20.2 22.1 1,090 23.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.02 54 138 15

51 164

1.02 57 105 ..

54 125

56 .. 1 30 38

79 .. 4 50 60

80 .. 6 52 62

96 .. 11 65 72

6.3 .. 44 11 27 83 45 710

4.3 110 .. 13 29 85 57 400

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 35 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

82 64 .. .. .. .. ..

52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 50 39 43.6 .. .. .. ..

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 57 47.7 .. .. .. ..

6

10

64

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Croatia

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
4.4 59.6 13,540 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 76 11 ..

69 14

1.06 80 5 24

74 6

81 84 25 .. 100

81 81 26 .. 100

93 99 62 93 100

93 93 46 93 100

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 8

1.5 13 .. .. .. 100 100 17

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 41 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 25 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 39 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

62 29 .. 11.1 .. 42 ..

46 78 22 19 5.5 16 16 67 47 58 52 100 25 40 20 .. 13.2 65.2 37 87

60 77 23 17 1.2 15 37 48

52 27 .. 13.7 62.7 36 90

..

24

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

65

Cuba
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
11.3 61.5 5,460 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 76 12 ..

73 15

1.06 81 5 46

77 6

98 95 25 .. ..

102 84 18 .. ..

100 90 101 99 100

102 91 61 98 100

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 63

1.5 44 40 74 8 100 100 73

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

71 53 .. .. .. .. ..

43 94 6 .. .. 8 12 80 45 .. 18 100 .. 42 35 .. 2.7 .. 4 ..

70 78 23 .. .. 25 20 55

69 45 .. 2.4 .. 3 ..

34

45

66

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Curaçao

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
145.6 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 80 .. ..

72 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

67

Cyprus

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
1.1 23.7 29,450 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 79 10 ..

75 12

1.07 82 3 ..

77 3

101 94 14 101 100

101 92 14 101 100

102 92 46 101 100

102 91 51 98 100

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 17

1.5 6 .. .. .. 99 .. 10

46 .. .. .. .. 16 25 59 .. .. .. .. .. 43 37 .. 2.2 .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. 12 31 55

69 40 .. 2.0 .. .. ..

57 88 12 11 2.4 3 9 89 49 61 18 75 14 53 31 .. 7.7 20.1 22 83

72 77 23 16 1.4 5 32 63

66 31 .. 7.8 21.6 23 88

2

11

68

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Czech Republic

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
10.5 196.3 18,700 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 75 12 ..

68 16

1.06 81 4 ..

75 4

92 89 14 96 ..

92 97 18 94 ..

106 90 75 105 ..

106 90 53 105 ..

1.9 .. .. 78 .. 99 100 15

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. 100 5

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 90 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 69 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 25 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 51 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 16.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71 84 16 8 0.2 9 51 40

70 57 .. 2.4 17.9 5 ..

50 87 13 11 1.0 2 24 74 46 73 28 69 26 46 21 .. 7.9 41.4 18 81

68 78 22 17 0.2 4 49 47

64 29 .. 5.8 41.7 18 81

..

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

69

Denmark

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
5.6 335.1 60,160 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 8 ..

72 10

1.06 82 3 ..

78 4

98 111 36 95 ..

97 108 32 95 ..

99 119 88 99 ..

99 118 61 98 ..

1.7 .. .. 78 .. .. 100 13

1.8 5 .. .. .. .. .. 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 63 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 31.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75 85 15 8 0.1 8 37 55

68 68 .. 7.8 27.5 11 ..

60 69 95 88 5 12 4 7 0.4 0.2 1 4 9 29 89 67 50 62 7 100 28 56 64 59 57 .. .. 7.5 7.7 22.3 26.2 13 16 99 100

31

39

70

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Djibouti
Middle East & North Africa
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
905.6 1.1 1,270 18.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 53 114 ..

50 129

1.04 59 84 ..

56 95

30 9 0 .. ..

41 13 0 .. ..

58 a 34 a 4 54 a ..

64 a 44 a 6 59 a ..

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 290

3.7 20 5 23 22 92 93 200

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 46.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 41.9 .. .. ..

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. 17

0

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

71

Dominica
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
67.7 475.5 7,030 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 76 16 ..

72 19

.. .. 11 ..

.. 13

100 77 5 112 ..

107 64 6 89 ..

118 102 .. 101 ..

119 95 .. 87 ..

2.5 .. .. 50 .. 90 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. 70 28 23 2.9 13 13 71 40 .. 9 .. 55 .. .. .. 9.8 .. 29 ..

.. 57 41 32 3.0 40 27 31

.. .. .. 9.9 .. 14 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10

13

72

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Dominican Republic
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
10.1 52.6 5,240 2.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 70 54 25

65 62

1.05 76 23 35

71 27

125 .. .. .. ..

120 .. .. .. ..

102 81 .. 93 98

112 72 .. 91 96

3.5 .. 30 56 17 97 92 220

2.5 105 41 73 11 99 98 150

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 44 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 24 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 29 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 33.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 48 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 53 47 42 6.2 27 23 50

74 54 .. 12.8 .. 25 ..

51 45 24 22 2.1 2 7 60 42 51 12 100 31 39 24 7.9 16.4 .. 45 37

79 39 52 48 1.6 19 21 47

73 50 19.9 9.3 .. 21 39

8

21

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

73

Ecuador
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
14.7 61.7 4,200 4.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 71 49 ..

66 56

1.05 79 21 ..

73 25

120 60 23 92 96

121 57 34 92 97

120 88 43 113 99

121 87 37 111 98

3.7 .. 26 53 .. 75 61 180

2.4 81 .. .. .. .. .. 110

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 45 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 44 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 41 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 31 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 36 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 9.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 60 40 33 3.9 10 30 60

79 59 .. 4.3 .. 11 ..

54 49 51 50 17.5 21 11 68 39 53 12 100 28 50 34 2.5 6.4 .. 18 33

83 59 41 37 6.2 33 23 44

79 54 3.8 4.1 .. 12 40

5

32

74

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
82.5 214.7 2,600 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 64 86 12

60 86

1.05 75 20 13

71 22

79 59 10 57 54

95 77 18 79 71

104 71 31 99 84

108 74 34 102 91

4.4 .. 27 48 20 52 37 230

2.7 42 17 60 9 74 79 66

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 46 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 52 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 17 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 17.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 57 43 24 9.6 35 24 41

69 32 .. 5.2 .. .. ..

24 48 52 49 33.9 46 6 49 18 .. 13 100 11 17 8 .. 22.6 .. 54 7

74 61 39 22 8.7 28 27 44

69 36 .. 4.9 .. 15 13

4

2

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

75

El Salvador
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
6.2 21.7 3,480 9.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 71 55 ..

61 65

1.05 77 14 ..

67 17

94 40 19 65 85

95 36 21 62 85

112 68 26 101 96

117 68 23 100 96

4.0 .. .. 47 .. 69 90 150

2.2 77 25 73 .. 94 96 81

41 50 49 46 8.6 3 22 75 46 54 12 75 44 39 30 .. 9.8 .. 14 ..

83 62 37 27 7.4 11 35 54

76 62 .. 10.1 .. 15 ..

47 51 49 46 7.6 5 18 76 48 54 12 75 29 45 30 4.4 5.1 .. 8 10

79 63 37 32 6.5 32 24 44

72 54 10.4 8.4 .. 13 18

12

26

76

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Equatorial Guinea

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
720.2 11.3 15,670 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 48 180 ..

45 199

1.03 52 112 ..

50 124

148 26 0 50 ..

157 59 3 56 ..

86 .. .. 52 98

88 .. .. 51 98

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.9 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 37 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 5 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.1 116 .. .. .. .. .. 240

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. 12 75 .. 76 58 .. .. .. .. ..

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 80 .. .. .. .. ..

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 75 .. 75 56 .. .. .. .. ..

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 78 .. .. .. .. ..

13

10

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

77

Eritrea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
5.4 2.3 430 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 50 125 ..

46 151

1.03 64 61 ..

59 74

20 11 .. 16 ..

21 12 .. 21 ..

42 29 1 36 87

51 37 3 43 92

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 880

4.4 56 .. .. .. .. .. 240

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 69 67 .. .. .. .. ..

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 75 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. 75 66 .. .. .. .. ..

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

84 72 .. .. .. .. ..

..

22

78

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Estonia

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
1.3 20.4 15,260 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 75 17 ..

65 23

1.06 81 3 ..

71 4

93 104 25 .. 100

95 97 23 .. 100

98 107 80 95 100

99 107 49 98 100

2.0 .. .. 70 .. .. 99 48

1.5 18 .. .. .. .. 100 2

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 63 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 52 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 39 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 28.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

77 97 3 2 0.9 27 42 31

74 54 .. 0.6 37.1 .. ..

57 95 5 4 0.2 2 19 78 54 72 20 100 36 51 29 .. 11.8 53.6 21 97

68 88 12 6 0.3 6 45 47

59 34 .. 13.1 59.7 24 96

..

21

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

79

Ethiopia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
84.7 31.0 370 30.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 49 184 ..

46 212

1.03 61 72 26

58 82

29 12 0 18 28

44 16 1 29 39

101 35 5 55 47

111 40 11 61 63

7.1 .. .. 5 .. .. .. 950

4.0 53 41 29 26 43 10 350

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 72 91 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2 4 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 91 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 96 89 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72.6 20.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 64 87 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 62 79 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.6 1.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 2 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 42 .. 13 100 16 72 87 66 76 19.5 32.5 22.6 11.7 .. .. 29 20 .. ..

..

28

80

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Faeroe Islands

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
48.9 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 80 .. ..

73 ..

.. 85 .. ..

79 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

81

Fiji
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
868.4 3.2 3,720 5.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 68 27 ..

64 32

1.06 72 15 ..

67 18

109 75 2 95 ..

109 78 4 95 ..

105 94 .. 103 ..

105 87 .. 104 ..

3.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 32

2.6 43 .. 32 .. 100 100 26

29 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30 .. 12 .. .. 28 24 .. .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 59 .. .. .. .. ..

39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 37 26 .. 12.9 .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. 6.4 .. .. ..

..

9

82

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Finland

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
5.4 257.3 47,760 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 79 6 ..

71 7

1.05 84 3 ..

77 3

98 124 47 102 ..

99 105 42 102 ..

99 110 103 99 ..

99 105 85 98 ..

1.8 .. .. 77 .. 100 100 7

1.8 9 .. .. .. .. .. 5

59 89 11 .. 1.1 7 17 76 51 67 15 80 .. 55 46 .. 2.6 8.4 8 ..

72 81 20 .. 1.7 11 42 48

65 51 .. 3.5 9.7 9 ..

56 64 91 82 9 18 7 12 0.4 0.6 2 6 9 36 88 58 51 61 15 70 32 52 59 41 41 .. .. 7.1 8.3 17.3 26.4 18 19 100 99

32

43

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

83

France

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
65.4 2,775.7 42,420 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 81 8 ..

73 10

1.05 85 4 ..

78 5

110 98 40 .. ..

112 92 35 .. ..

109 114 64 .. ..

111 113 50 .. ..

1.8 .. .. 81 .. 99 99 13

2.0 6 .. .. .. .. .. 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 82 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 18 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 11 11 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 0.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 39 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 45 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 84 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 32 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 41 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 36 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.2 7.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 43.5 38.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

51 92 8 6 0.8 2 11 87 50 77 16 100 39 46 27 .. 9.7 40.3 23 97

62 85 15 9 0.3 4 33 63

56 34 .. 8.8 41.8 21 97

7

27

84

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

French Polynesia

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
273.8 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 72 .. ..

67 ..

1.05 78 .. ..

73 ..

125 78 .. .. ..

130 57 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.1 49 .. .. .. .. .. ..

49 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

85

Gabon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
1.5 12.4 8,080 4.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 63 86 ..

60 103

1.03 64 59 ..

62 72

155 37 3 69 92

155 43 8 70 94

179 .. .. .. 97

184 .. .. .. 99

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 270

3.2 83 .. .. .. .. .. 230

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 56 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 36 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 29 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 47 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 16.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 40 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71 59 38 37 2.0 26 19 56

57 22 .. 19.1 .. 42 ..

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 14 100 .. 48 14 .. .. .. .. 17

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

53 16 .. .. .. .. 21

13

16

86

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Gambia, The
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
1.8 889.3 500 29.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 54 154 ..

52 175

1.03 60 94 ..

57 107

41 10 .. 29 ..

65 22 .. 54 ..

82 53 .. 67 62

79 56 .. 65 72

6.1 .. .. 12 .. .. 44 700

4.8 69 36 13 .. 98 57 360

70 .. .. .. .. 77 1 20 .. .. .. .. .. 65 58 .. .. .. .. ..

85 .. .. .. .. 54 11 35

80 62 .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 68 57 34.3 .. .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 58 37.6 .. .. .. ..

8

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

87

Georgia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
4.5 12.8 2,860 18.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 74 42 ..

67 52

1.11 77 18 ..

70 23

97 94 35 .. ..

97 96 38 .. ..

108 87 33 116 100

105 91 27 116 100

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. 97 63

1.6 41 14 53 .. 98 100 67

55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 18 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 27 .. .. .. .. ..

56 74 35 37 65 63 65 62 37.9 19.6 57 51 4 17 40 33 49 .. .. .. 34 48 63 15 28 29.9 33.6 13.1 16.7 .. .. 41 32 35 31

..

12

88

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Germany

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
81.8 3,617.7 44,230 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 79 7 ..

72 10

1.06 83 4 ..

78 4

99 99 29 101 ..

98 101 40 101 ..

102 100 .. 101 ..

103 106 .. 101 ..

1.5 .. .. 70 .. .. 100 13

1.4 7 .. .. .. .. 100 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 89 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 45 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 44.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 89 11 5 0.4 4 50 45

69 61 .. 4.5 49.1 5 ..

53 92 9 6 0.9 1 14 85 48 79 14 100 30 50 45 .. 5.6 45.9 8 99

67 86 14 8 0.3 2 40 58

62 50 .. 6.2 49.0 9 98

..

33

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

89

Ghana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
25.0 35.1 1,410 28.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 58 114 37

56 128

1.06 65 72 34

63 83

65 28 0 57 ..

76 43 1 72 ..

107 a 113 a 56 a 62 a 9 15 88 a 110 a 80 82

5.6 .. 41 17 37 82 40 580

4.1 64 21 34 35 96 68 350

70 .. .. .. .. 59 10 32 .. .. 12 50 .. 64 44 .. 5.5 .. 19 ..

73 .. .. .. .. 66 10 23

69 37 .. 3.7 .. 15 ..

67 72 11 30 89 70 85 65 28.5 11.7 53 61 14 13 33 25 .. .. 12 100 .. 64 69 36 36 48.0 49.9 3.6 3.5 .. .. .. .. 27 32

..

8

90

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Greece

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
11.3 276.7 24,490 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 80 12 ..

75 14

1.07 83 4 ..

79 5

98 93 25 98 99

99 95 25 98 99

101 107 94 99 99

101 112 85 99 99

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

1.4 10 .. .. .. .. .. 3

36 67 52 53 48 47 46 40 27.7 4.8 30 20 17 33 52 46 35 61 15 100 23 30 63 24 38 .. .. 11.7 4.2 55.8 39.9 33 15 .. ..

45 65 68 60 32 40 27 30 8.5 3.3 13 12 8 25 80 63 43 63 17 50 23 35 56 14 21 .. .. 21.4 14.9 54.0 45.0 52 39 76 80

7

21

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

91

Greenland

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
56.8 1.5 26,020 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 68 .. ..

63 ..

.. 73 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 10.0 .. .. ..

..

..

92

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Grenada
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
104.9 770.9 7,350 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 71 20 ..

67 22

1.05 77 12 ..

74 13

110 96 .. .. ..

120 86 .. .. ..

102 109 61 103 ..

105 106 45 120 ..

3.8 .. .. 54 .. 100 .. 34

2.2 37 .. 54 .. 100 99 24

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 84 74 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 17 18 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 15 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.5 1.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 24 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 30 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 62 40 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 43 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 37.0 18.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

93

Guam

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
182.1 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 74 .. ..

70 ..

1.06 79 .. ..

74 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.4 50 .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.5 .. 16 ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 4.3 .. 16 ..

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

94

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Guatemala
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
14.8 42.4 2,870 13.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 65 74 ..

59 82

1.05 75 28 ..

68 33

75 24 .. .. 71

86 27 .. .. 82

114 62 18 83 85

118 67 18 88 89

5.6 .. 41 23 .. 35 29 160

3.9 103 30 54 .. 93 52 120

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 75 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 11 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 39 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 32 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88 46 54 53 14.4 18 34 49

85 76 .. 1.6 .. 3 ..

49 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 44 21 24 63 32 30 .. 12 100 .. 47 86 40 76 11.7 24.5 6.6 2.9 .. .. .. .. 16 30

7

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

95

Guinea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
10.2 4.4 430 43.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 45 224 ..

42 232

1.06 56 123 ..

53 128

23 6 0 9 ..

49 17 2 31 ..

91 32 6 53 57

105 51 16 75 70

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.7 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 67 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 2 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 58 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 31 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 64 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 79 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 63 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) 49.5 Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.2 138 .. .. .. 88 46 610

79 .. .. .. .. 73 9 18

76 54 47.2 4.6 .. .. ..

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 29 .. 14 100 .. 64 50 .. .. .. .. 3

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 54 .. .. .. .. 4

..

19

96

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Guinea-Bissau
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
1.5 925.5 600 48.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 44 193 ..

41 227

1.03 50 147 ..

47 174

39 3 0 4 ..

69 7 1 8 ..

119 .. .. 60 65

127 .. .. 75 79

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.6 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) .. Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 57 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.0 99 22 14 25 93 44 790

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 49 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 64 48 48.1 .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 51 52.8 .. .. .. ..

20

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

97

Guyana
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
756.0 2.2 2,900 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 64 55 ..

58 70

1.05 73 32 34

67 40

106 83 5 97 ..

110 81 7 97 ..

89 98 17 87 ..

85 89 7 84 ..

2.6 .. .. 38 .. .. .. 180

2.2 57 23 43 29 92 92 280

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 22 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 18.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 38 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

83 52 48 .. .. .. .. ..

76 58 .. 8.4 .. 21 ..

42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 13 70 .. 36 21 .. 25.7 .. 50 ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. 17.2 .. 44 ..

37

31

98

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Haiti
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
10.1 7.1 700 61.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 56 134 ..

54 152

1.05 63 66 44

61 74

73 .. 1 35 ..

76 .. 2 41 ..

.. .. .. .. 70

.. .. .. .. 74

5.4 .. .. 10 .. 71 23 620

3.3 42 30 32 38 85 26 350

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 57 78 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21 17 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 81 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11.2 12.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 50 76 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 9 9 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 13 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 70 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.8 11.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 24 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 54 26 .. .. .. .. 21

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 33 .. .. .. .. 23

..

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

99

Honduras
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
7.8 15.4 1,980 17.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 69 52 ..

64 58

1.05 75 20 26

71 23

108 37 8 61 ..

107 30 10 68 ..

114 82 22 105 96

114 67 19 98 94

5.1 .. .. 47 .. 88 47 220

3.1 87 39 65 17 92 67 100

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 49 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 41 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 59 Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 31 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 9 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86 50 50 48 11.3 65 15 20

83 71 .. 4.4 .. 11 ..

42 41 59 57 11.9 12 21 67 42 .. 12 100 .. 41 29 4.1 5.6 .. .. 15

83 46 54 51 13.3 50 19 31

81 64 13.3 4.3 .. .. 26

10

20

100

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Hong Kong SAR, China

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
7.1 254.6 36,010 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 80 .. ..

75 ..

1.07 87 .. ..

80 ..

106 78 15 .. ..

107 74 22 .. ..

110 81 63 92 ..

106 79 57 90 ..

1.3 .. .. 86 .. .. .. ..

1.2 4 .. 80 .. .. .. ..

47 95 5 4 2.0 1 33 66 41 .. 10 67 17 47 54 .. 1.3 .. 3 ..

79 85 15 7 0.2 1 39 60

78 55 .. 1.3 .. 4 ..

51 94 6 4 0.7 0 4 96 50 56 10 80 32 50 33 .. 2.8 .. 8 89

68 86 14 9 0.1 0 19 80

65 32 .. 3.9 .. 11 88

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

101

Hungary

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
10.0 126.9 12,730 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 74 17 ..

65 21

1.06 79 6 ..

71 7

87 88 15 86 99

88 87 14 85 99

101 99 70 97 99

102 101 52 98 99

1.8 .. .. 81 .. .. 99 23

1.2 14 .. .. .. .. 100 21

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 81 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 16 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 7 8 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.8 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 15 21 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 30 43 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 55 36 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 49 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 24 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 34 41 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.7 11.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 19.8 20.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 22 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

44 58 92 85 9 15 5 8 0.6 0.3 3 7 20 40 77 53 49 62 24 70 40 39 52 17 21 .. .. 10.9 11.0 49.2 48.9 25 27 73 72

21

9

102

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Iceland

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
319.0 11.1 34,820 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 81 6 ..

75 7

1.05 84 2 ..

81 3

102 98 29 .. ..

101 101 22 .. ..

99 109 101 97 ..

99 107 57 99 ..

2.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

2.0 12 .. .. .. .. .. 5

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 77 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 53 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 82 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 27 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 57 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 10.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82 73 27 17 2.1 14 33 53

80 57 .. 2.3 1.1 6 ..

71 91 8 6 0.0 2 8 90 52 68 13 80 40 67 64 .. 6.2 24.5 11 ..

78 83 16 10 0.1 9 28 62

72 53 .. 7.8 25.6 18 ..

21

40

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

103

India
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
1,241.5 1,766.2 1,420 32.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.08 59 119 9

58 110

1.08 67 64 14

64 59

77 27 4 51 49

104 46 8 74 74

116 60 15 95 74

116 66 21 96 88

3.9 .. 54 45 17 62 34 600

2.6 77 47 55 13 75 52 200

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 13 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 15 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 3.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 18 82 80 13.7 56 17 27

82 63 .. 3.6 .. 8 ..

29 81 15 19 86 81 85 79 33.9 11.0 65 46 18 24 17 30 .. .. 12 100 14 28 78 17 49 2.1 2.8 4.3 3.3 41.4 36.6 12 10 26 44

5

11

104

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Indonesia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
242.3 712.7 2,940 18.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 64 75 13

60 88

1.05 71 29 13

68 34

110 41 7 .. 95

115 50 11 .. 97

119 77 22 105 99

117 77 24 104 100

3.1 .. 34 50 14 76 41 600

2.1 43 22 61 15 93 82 220

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 56 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 29 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 37 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 9 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 .. .. .. .. 56 15 30

79 55 .. 2.8 .. 9 ..

51 32 68 67 32.4 35 15 50 32 .. 13 100 22 47 31 3.2 7.6 .. 21 19

84 34 66 62 8.1 37 24 40

79 49 4.2 5.9 .. 19 20

12

19

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

105

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
74.8 330.4 4,520 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 66 60 ..

58 62

1.05 75 25 ..

71 25

101 45 3 81 81

115 63 9 93 92

107 84 49 106 99

108 87 48 106 99

4.8 .. .. 49 .. .. .. 120

1.6 26 .. .. .. .. .. 21

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 10 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 8 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 9 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. 9.5 .. .. ..

16 47 53 52 29.7 31 27 42 15 .. 13 67 13 14 9 .. 16.8 .. 34 62

73 54 46 40 4.8 19 33 47

66 39 .. 9.1 .. 20 85

2

3

106

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Iraq
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
33.0 87.0 2,640 2.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 72 42 ..

63 50

1.07 72 35 11

66 41

99 36 9 53 ..

117 57 16 64 ..

95 45 .. 55 81

113 60 .. 74 85

6.0 .. .. 14 .. .. 54 89

4.6 88 17 50 .. 84 80 63

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 11 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 7 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 3 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 38 .. .. .. .. ..

15 .. .. .. .. 51 4 46 12 .. 9 100 .. 10 2 11.3 22.5 .. .. 8

69 .. .. .. .. 17 22 61

58 31 17.9 16.2 .. .. 13

11

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

107

Ireland

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
4.6 179.2 39,150 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 78 8 ..

72 10

1.07 83 4 ..

78 4

104 104 26 103 ..

103 95 30 103 ..

108 124 71 104 ..

108 118 62 102 ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 6

2.1 11 .. .. .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 71 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 89 68 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 32 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 25 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.5 2.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 18 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 34 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 48 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 70 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 15.0 13.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 56.2 70.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 18 21 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

53 93 8 5 0.7 1 9 90 52 75 26 80 33 47 32 .. 10.6 46.7 23 92

69 75 25 18 0.5 8 28 64

56 29 .. 17.4 64.7 35 96

8

15

108

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Isle of Man

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
83.3 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 80 .. ..

74 ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. 6 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 4.7 .. 9 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 1 4 95 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.0 .. 5 ..

.. .. .. .. .. 3 24 73

.. .. .. 2.8 .. 10 ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

109

Israel

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
7.8 224.7 28,930 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 78 11 ..

75 12

1.05 84 4 ..

80 5

97 91 33 .. ..

94 86 34 .. ..

105 103 71 102 ..

104 101 55 101 ..

2.8 .. .. 68 .. .. 99 12

3.0 14 .. .. .. .. .. 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 41 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 75 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 36 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 23 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

63 .. .. .. .. 5 36 58

57 26 .. 8.4 .. 21 ..

53 92 8 5 0.2 1 10 89 50 74 14 100 32 50 30 .. 5.6 17.4 11 92

62 84 17 9 0.1 3 30 67

59 26 .. 5.6 19.8 12 88

7

20

110

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Italy

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
60.7 2,144.7 35,320 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 9 ..

74 11

1.06 85 3 ..

80 4

98 79 29 100 ..

99 79 30 100 ..

101 100 76 104 100

102 101 54 103 100

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 10

1.4 5 .. .. .. .. .. 4

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 67 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 76 70 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 24 29 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7.4 2.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 9 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 23 37 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 68 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 36 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 71 Maternity leave (weeks) 21 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 80 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 16 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 15.7 6.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 70.5 68.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 35 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

38 82 18 15 2.2 3 14 83 44 77 22 80 25 34 16 .. 9.6 51.9 32 64

60 71 30 21 1.1 4 38 57

55 25 .. 7.6 50.7 27 79

13

21

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

111

Jamaica
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
2.7 .. .. <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 73 29 ..

68 39

1.05 76 16 ..

71 21

104 72 .. 100 ..

105 68 .. 94 ..

87 94 35 73 98

91 91 15 74 93

2.9 .. .. 55 .. 98 92 59

2.3 71 .. 72 .. 99 98 110

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 66 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 61 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 23.1 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 27.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 47 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

82 52 47 46 2.1 36 25 39

74 55 .. 9.3 21.4 19 ..

56 67 33 31 2.1 8 7 85 48 .. 12 .. .. 46 19 .. 17.2 .. 38 67

72 55 45 41 0.4 25 23 52

66 32 .. 9.6 .. 24 75

5

13

112

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Japan

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
127.8 5,739.5 44,900 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 82 6 ..

76 7

1.06 86 3 ..

79 4

102 97 23 104 ..

102 95 36 103 ..

103 102 56 102 ..

103 102 63 102 ..

1.5 .. .. 58 .. .. 100 12

1.4 6 .. .. .. .. .. 5

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 50 77 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 72 81 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 19 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 26 15 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16.7 2.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 9 6 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 27 39 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 64 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 50 76 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 43 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.2 2.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 8.5 25.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 5 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

49 89 11 11 5.6 4 15 80 43 71 14 67 .. 47 40 .. 4.1 26.7 7 97

72 87 13 10 1.0 4 33 62

68 38 .. 4.8 47.3 9 96

1

8

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

113

Jordan
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
6.2 27.1 4,380 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 72 36 6

69 37

1.05 75 19 11

72 22

101 77 23 95 ..

102 75 18 95 ..

92 89 41 101 99

92 85 35 101 99

5.8 .. 16 40 22 80 87 110

3.7 24 10 59 11 99 99 63

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 9 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 6 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 6 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 2 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 30.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

65 .. .. .. .. 7 18 75

55 31 .. 18.1 .. .. ..

16 95 5 3 0.3 1 8 91 16 .. 10 100 .. 12 6 0.4 21.2 .. 47 17

66 82 18 11 0.4 2 20 78

59 31 1.6 11.0 .. 26 34

0

11

114

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Kazakhstan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
16.6 136.7 8,260 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 73 50 .. 120 96 39 105 100

64 64

1.07 74 24 ..

64 32

120 94 31 105 100

110 a 100 a 51 a 109 a 100

110 a 103 a 35 a 108 a 100

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. 99 92

2.6 26 6 51 .. 100 100 51

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56 41 .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 50 .. .. .. .. ..

67 67 34 32 0.8 29 12 59 50 .. 18 100 38 62 41 2.8 6.2 .. 5 44

77 68 32 29 0.8 31 26 43

74 48 4.4 4.6 .. 4 40

..

24

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

115

Kenya
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
41.6 34.1 820 43.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 61 92 33

58 104

1.03 58 67 34

56 78

99 36 1 .. ..

102 45 2 .. ..

112 57 3 .. 94

115 63 5 .. 92

6.0 .. 32 27 36 77 50 400

4.7 99 26 46 26 92 44 360

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21 .. 8 .. .. 62 44 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 47 .. .. .. .. ..

62 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 55 29 .. .. .. .. 39

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 36 .. .. .. .. 46

1

10

116

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Kiribati
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
101.1 204.8 2,030 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 61 83 .. 116 36 .. 102 ..

56 92

.. .. 45 ..

.. 50

114 39 .. 100 ..

115 90 .. 113 ..

111 81 .. 111 ..

3.8 .. .. .. .. 88 72 ..

.. .. 20 22 .. 88 80 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

117

Korea, Dem. People's Rep.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
24.5 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 74 43 ..

67 47

1.05 72 32 ..

66 35

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

2.4 .. .. 62 .. .. .. 97

2.0 1 .. .. .. 100 100 81

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. 74 74 .. .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 72 .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 69 59 .. .. .. .. ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 53 .. .. .. .. ..

21

16

118

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Korea, Rep.

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
49.8 1,039.0 20,870 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.12 76 7 ..

67 8

1.10 84 4 ..

78 5

107 90 23 100 ..

105 95 49 99 ..

105 96 86 101 ..

106 98 119 102 ..

1.6 .. .. 79 .. .. .. 18

1.2 5 .. 80 .. .. .. 16

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 57 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 43 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 24.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 59 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 6 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 46 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 40 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 0.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

73 63 37 .. 2.5 16 39 45

72 32 .. 2.9 3.3 10 ..

49 74 26 27 10.7 7 13 81 43 57 13 100 10 48 27 .. 3.1 0.2 8 93

71 70 30 23 1.2 6 20 73

69 20 .. 3.6 0.5 12 93

2

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

119

Kosovo
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
1.8 6.3 3,510 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 70 .. ..

66 ..

.. 72 .. ..

68 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40.7 56.4 .. .. 82 69 31 57

..

..

120

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Kuwait

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
2.8 133.8 48,900 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 74 15 ..

72 18

1.03 76 10 ..

74 12

90 72 14 55 ..

92 80 10 57 ..

107 104 .. 114 99

104 98 .. 110 99

2.6 .. .. 35 .. .. 96 11

2.3 14 .. .. .. 100 100 14

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 98 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 22 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 .. .. .. .. 2 33 65

78 37 .. 1.7 .. .. ..

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 100 .. 43 22 .. .. .. .. 80

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 38 .. .. .. .. 93

..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

121

Kyrgyz Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
5.5 5.0 900 6.7
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 73 63 ..

64 77

1.06 74 28 25

66 34

111 102 26 .. ..

109 103 19 .. ..

100 88 46 95 100

102 88 37 96 100

3.7 .. .. .. .. .. 99 73

3.1 33 10 48 1 97 99 71

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 37 .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 45 .. .. .. .. ..

56 52 48 47 19.3 35 11 54 51 .. 18 100 35 50 31 35.6 9.4 .. 16 4

79 50 50 47 8.8 37 26 37

72 50 37.5 7.3 .. 14 4

..

23

122

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Lao PDR
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
6.3 7.1 1,130 33.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 56 139 ..

53 156

1.05 69 39 ..

66 44

89 19 1 36 ..

112 28 2 46 ..

122 42 15 90 86

130 49 20 95 92

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.2 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,600 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 80 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 20 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 80 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

2.7 32 .. .. .. 71 37 470

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

81 65 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 100 .. 76 67 19.2 .. .. .. 26

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 56 17.9 .. .. .. 27

6

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

123

Latvia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
2.1 27.4 13,320 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 75 18 ..

64 23

1.05 79 8 ..

69 9

98 93 29 .. 100

91 92 21 .. 100

100 94 71 92 100

100 98 44 93 100

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. 100 57

1.3 14 .. .. .. .. 100 34

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52 .. .. .. .. 54 40 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 44 .. .. .. .. ..

55 91 9 7 1.1 6 15 80 54 60 16 100 45 48 28 .. 13.1 48.6 29 92

67 86 14 9 1.1 13 32 53

55 32 .. 17.6 59.0 30 87

..

23

124

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Lebanon
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
4.3 38.9 9,140 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 71 32 ..

66 34

1.05 75 9 ..

70 10

96 63 27 .. ..

100 59 29 .. ..

106 88 62 89 99

109 79 54 85 98

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 52

1.8 16 6 54 .. .. .. 25

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 17 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 5 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 16 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 14 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 36 .. .. .. .. ..

23 82 18 16 5.9 .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 8 20 14 .. 10.1 .. 22 26

71 56 44 32 4.0 .. .. ..

65 31 .. 8.6 .. 22 49

0

3

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

125

Lesotho
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
2.2 2.7 1,210 43.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 61 80 ..

58 95

1.03 47 79 36

49 93

119 29 1 75 ..

98 20 1 41 ..

101 57 4 76 98

104 41 3 60 86

4.9 .. .. 23 .. 91 61 520

3.1 63 19 47 23 92 62 620

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 28 .. 7.8 .. .. ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 49 .. 11.1 .. .. ..

59 73 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 41 56 21 37 .. .. 28.0 23.0 .. .. 42 29 17 20

..

27

126

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Liberia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
4.1 1.4 330 83.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 44 227 ..

41 255

1.06 58 74 30

56 83

.. .. 1 .. 54

.. .. 4 .. 66

98 40 .. 60 82

108 49 .. 72 71

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.5 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 48 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 83 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 58 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.2 127 38 11 36 79 46 770

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 33 .. .. .. .. ..

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 36 .. .. .. .. ..

58 9 91 89 19.7 48 5 47 .. .. .. .. .. 56 33 15.0 4.1 .. 7 15

64 28 72 69 12.5 50 14 37

62 34 21.7 3.4 .. 3 23

..

11

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

127

Libya
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
6.4 77.1 12,320 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 70 42 ..

66 46

1.06 78 16 ..

72 17

105 68 14 .. 96

112 79 17 .. 99

112 119 .. .. 100

117 102 .. .. 100

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 99

2.5 3 .. .. .. 93 100 58

18 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 50 .. 16 11 .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 40 .. .. .. .. ..

30 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 .. 24 13 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

69 36 .. .. .. .. ..

..

17

128

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Liechtenstein
South Asia
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
36.3 4.9 137,070 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

105 101 30 100 ..

105 122 56 101 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4

24

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

129

Lithuania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
3.0 39.3 12,980 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 76 15 ..

66 19

1.05 79 5 ..

68 6

89 83 27 .. 100

95 86 39 .. 100

93 97 83 94 100

95 100 56 97 100

2.0 .. .. .. .. .. 100 34

1.8 17 .. .. .. .. 100 8

59 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 .. .. .. .. 50 31 .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 36 .. .. .. .. ..

54 64 91 88 9 12 8 9 1.5 1.3 7 11 16 33 77 56 54 62 18 100 38 47 53 19 22 .. .. 13.0 17.8 51.4 52.2 31 35 76 71

..

25

130

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Luxembourg

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
518.3 40.1 77,390 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 7 ..

72 9

1.06 84 3 ..

79 3

94 70 1 .. ..

87 68 3 .. ..

98 103 10 84 ..

96 100 11 83 ..

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

1.5 9 .. .. .. .. .. 20

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 68 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 90 89 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 11 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 9 8 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.1 0.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 42 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 89 55 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 87 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 40 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 49 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.4 1.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 21.4 46.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 5 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

49 93 7 6 0.4 1 4 92 44 82 16 100 24 46 19 .. 6.3 25.4 21 95

65 90 10 6 0.4 2 19 75

63 24 .. 3.8 33.1 13 94

13

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

131

Macao SAR, China

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
555.7 24.7 45,460 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 79 .. ..

74 ..

1.05 83 .. ..

79 ..

104 63 18 97 ..

109 58 47 97 ..

99 92 67 98 100

102 99 69 97 100

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.1 4 .. .. .. .. .. ..

45 .. .. .. .. 0 50 49 43 .. .. .. .. 44 45 .. 4.0 .. 3 ..

72 .. .. .. .. 0 37 63

70 46 .. 2.5 .. 4 ..

67 96 4 3 0.6 0 12 88 50 .. .. .. 31 65 46 .. 2.1 .. 5 ..

77 90 11 6 0.1 0 27 73

75 43 .. 3.0 .. 7 ..

..

..

132

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Macedonia, FYR
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
2.1 9.9 4,810 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 73 36 ..

69 39

1.08 77 9 8

73 11

99 75 18 .. 99

100 77 19 .. 99

91 83 42 93 99

89 84 36 92 99

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. 89 16

1.4 19 7 .. 34 99 100 10

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. 29 14 .. .. .. .. ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

47 20 .. .. .. .. ..

43 69 76 69 24 31 21 24 14.9 6.1 20 20 28 33 52 47 42 45 39 .. 28 29 48 11 19 .. .. 30.8 31.8 81.0 83.6 55 56 72 76

..

33

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

133

Madagascar
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
21.3 9.1 430 81.3
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.02 52 152 22

50 171

1.03 68 58 22

65 65

98 18 3 37 ..

102 19 4 35 ..

147 30 4 74 64

150 32 4 72 66

6.3 .. 37 17 32 78 57 640

4.6 125 48 40 19 86 44 240

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 83 89 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 11 15 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 84 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 87 83 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 41.6 24.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 31 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 50 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 80 86 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 70 72 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 80 69 24.2 .. .. .. 5

89 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

87 72 27.7 .. .. .. 6

7

18

134

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Malawi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
15.4 5.6 360 73.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.03 48 219 25

46 235

1.03 54 79 28

54 87

66 12 0 24 49

77 20 1 32 70

144 33 1 72 87

139 36 1 70 87

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 55 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 13 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 36 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 90 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 55 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6.0 108 50 46 26 95 71 460

76 4 96 96 0.4 .. .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. 69 50 .. .. .. .. ..

80 29 71 71 0.3 .. .. ..

75 45 .. .. .. .. ..

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 77 55 39.4 .. .. .. 17

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 48 41.3 .. .. .. 16

10

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

135

Malaysia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
28.9 253.0 8,770 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 72 16 ..

68 19

1.06 77 6 ..

72 7

92 56 6 88 95

93 53 7 88 96

.. 72 49 .. 98

.. 67 36 .. 98

3.5 .. .. 50 .. .. 93 53

2.6 11 .. .. .. 91 99 29

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 25 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 28 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 42 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 64 34 31 2.4 26 27 46

78 54 .. 4.0 .. .. ..

44 78 21 20 7.8 9 21 71 39 .. 9 100 25 42 29 .. 3.6 .. 12 63

77 72 28 23 2.6 16 31 53

75 41 .. 3.3 .. 10 69

5

10

136

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Maldives
South Asia
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
320.1 1.8 5,720 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 60 101 ..

61 110

1.06 78 10 35

76 12

123 53 .. .. 98

123 52 .. .. 98

103 .. 14 103 99

105 .. 12 111 99

6.1 .. .. 29 .. .. 90 830

1.7 11 4 35 28 99 95 60

20 37 58 57 6.6 14 39 43 16 .. .. .. .. 17 14 .. .. .. .. ..

77 49 47 44 4.0 28 18 50

71 53 .. .. .. .. ..

56 45 54 47 22.9 7 32 56 30 .. .. .. 14 44 34 .. 23.8 .. 31 ..

77 61 29 20 7.9 14 20 62

72 51 .. 7.9 .. 16 ..

6

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

137

Mali
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
15.8 9.7 610 50.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 45 248 ..

43 267

1.05 52 169 12

50 182

20 4 0 6 ..

32 9 1 12 ..

76 33 4 50 34

87 46 8 61 56

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.1 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 79 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 5 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 31 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 32 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 38 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

6.2 172 55 8 31 70 49 540

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 43 .. .. .. .. ..

37 70 4 12 89 77 89 77 34.1 18.5 64 68 3 8 33 24 .. .. 14 100 .. 34 63 28 43 21.6 24.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 10

..

10

138

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Malta

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
415.7 7.7 18,620 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 10 ..

73 13

1.06 84 5 ..

80 7

101 80 9 97 ..

105 86 12 99 ..

101 95 41 97 ..

101 107 30 96 ..

2.1 .. .. 86 .. .. 98 14

1.4 13 .. .. .. .. 100 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 27 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 28 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 56 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 57 .. .. .. .. ..

35 94 6 5 0.0 0 13 86 36 67 14 100 23 33 42 .. 7.0 34.7 14 94

67 83 17 12 0.1 2 31 67

63 48 .. 6.1 53.1 14 97

3

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

139

Marshall Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
54.8 214.3 3,910 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. 75 46 ..

70 57

.. .. 23 ..

.. 29

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

101 100 .. 101 ..

102 97 .. 94 ..

5.9 .. .. 37 .. .. .. ..

4.5 .. 26 45 8 81 99 ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 12.2 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

3

140

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Mauritania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
3.5 3.6 1,030 23.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 57 115 ..

54 134

1.05 60 104 ..

57 120

40 8 1 21 ..

54 18 5 36 ..

104 25 3 72 65

98 29 7 68 71

5.9 .. .. 4 .. 48 40 760

4.5 73 35 9 25 75 61 510

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 19 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 13 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 7 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 35.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

52 28 .. 21.9 .. .. ..

29 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 20 53 10 27 18.6 23.9 44.0 23.9 .. .. .. .. 12 23

..

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

141

Mauritius
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
1.3 10.3 8,040 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.04 73 21 ..

66 27

1.04 77 14 ..

70 16

118 53 2 111 92

117 52 4 110 91

.. 91 37 .. 98

.. 91 28 .. 96

2.3 .. .. 75 .. .. 91 68

1.5 33 .. .. .. .. .. 60

38 91 9 7 3.1 14 50 35 37 .. .. .. .. 31 26 .. 3.6 .. .. ..

82 82 18 13 1.5 18 40 42

76 56 .. 3.2 .. .. ..

44 86 15 13 4.0 7 21 73 38 .. 12 100 23 38 25 .. 12.3 .. 28 75

76 79 22 16 0.6 9 32 59

72 39 .. 5.2 .. 17 86

7

19

142

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Mexico
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
114.8 1,081.8 9,420 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 74 44 ..

68 53

1.05 79 14 ..

75 17

111 55 12 91 95

116 55 15 91 96

112 94 28 105 98

113 88 28 104 98

3.4 .. 28 63 .. 78 84 92

2.3 67 23 73 .. 96 95 50

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 70 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 37 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 55 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 15 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 33 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 33 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 6 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

84 65 32 29 2.9 29 30 39

82 68 .. 2.5 .. 5 ..

44 65 35 32 9.1 4 18 78 39 57 12 100 31 42 30 4.4 5.2 1.4 10 22

81 67 33 27 4.3 19 30 51

76 56 9.1 5.3 2.1 10 33

12

37

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

143

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
111.5 318.6 2,860 31.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 67 48 ..

66 64

1.07 70 36 ..

68 47

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

111 .. .. .. ..

109 .. .. .. ..

5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 140

3.4 20 .. 55 .. 80 100 100

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

0

144

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Moldova
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
3.6 7.1 1,980 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 71 30 ..

64 39

1.06 73 15 ..

66 17

90 98 .. .. 100

90 90 .. .. 100

93 89 45 90 100

94 87 34 92 99

2.4 .. .. .. .. .. 100 62

1.5 30 .. .. .. .. 100 41

61 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55 38 .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 38 .. .. .. .. ..

38 45 75 66 25 34 25 33 4.4 1.8 24 31 12 25 64 44 55 .. 18 100 38 36 41 17 21 23.0 34.5 5.6 7.7 .. .. 16 14 17 19

..

20

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

145

Monaco

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
35.4 6.5 183,150 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. 7 ..

.. 9

.. .. 3 ..

.. 4

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

11

19

146

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Mongolia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
2.8 6.5 2,310 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 63 91 ..

58 121

1.03 73 26 29

65 35

100 89 .. .. ..

100 80 .. .. ..

118 95 69 116 97

121 90 46 115 94

4.1 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 120

2.5 19 5 55 .. 99 99 63

52 .. .. .. .. 37 20 44 49 .. 14 .. .. 46 30 .. .. .. .. ..

63 .. .. .. .. 42 22 37

55 39 .. .. .. .. ..

54 45 55 54 35.1 39 11 50 53 .. 17 70 47 52 28 8.6 .. .. .. 82

66 38 62 60 10.3 41 19 40

63 36 11.4 .. .. .. 73

25

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

147

Montenegro
Europe & Central Asia
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
632.3 4.5 7,140 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 78 16 ..

73 19

1.08 77 7 ..

72 8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

118 a 118a 96 a 95a 53 43 98 a 99a 99 99

1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8

1.6 15 5 39 26 97 100 8

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 89 11 .. 0.8 4 9 87 46 .. .. .. 31 .. .. .. 20.0 .. 40 49

.. 80 20 .. 1.0 7 27 67

.. .. .. 19.5 .. 36 52

..

17

148

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Morocco
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
32.3 97.6 2,970 2.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 66 77 16

62 86

1.06 74 30 ..

70 35

55 31 8 42 46

81 44 14 61 71

112a 118a 64a 75a 12 14 97a 101a 72 87

4.0 .. 18 42 20 32 31 300

2.2 12 .. 67 .. 77 74 100

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 26 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 45 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 50 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 21 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 23 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 24 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 32 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 48 53 48 16.8 4 32 64

70 55 .. 14.2 .. 31 ..

26 34 66 65 48.6 61 13 26 21 .. 14 100 13 24 16 .. 10.2 .. 17 27

75 48 52 47 15.0 32 25 43

68 43 .. 8.4 .. 18 52

0

17

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

149

Mozambique
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
23.9 11.1 460 59.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 45 218 ..

42 233

1.03 51 99 ..

49 107

54 5 0 21 ..

72 9 1 32 ..

105 24 4 52 65

116 28 6 61 79

6.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 910

4.8 129 56 12 .. 92 55 490

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 85 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 11 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 80 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 62 .. .. .. .. ..

86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 81 64 27.7 .. .. .. 35

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 54 27.2 .. .. .. 45

16

39

150

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Myanmar
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
48.3 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 59 96 ..

56 119

1.03 67 56 ..

63 69

101 20 5 .. ..

107 22 4 .. ..

126 56 17 106 96

126 53 13 101 96

3.4 .. .. 17 .. .. 46 520

2.0 13 .. 46 .. 83 71 200

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31 .. .. .. .. 69 51 .. 8.8 .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 52 .. 4.7 .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 67 .. 72 52 .. .. .. .. ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 53 .. .. .. .. ..

..

6

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

151

Namibia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
2.3 10.9 4,700 31.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 63 67 31

59 78

1.03 63 38 44

62 45

123 42 4 81 90

113 34 2 67 86

106 69 10 85 95

108 59 8 77 91

5.2 .. 12 41 22 87 68 200

3.2 58 9 55 21 95 81 200

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 48 65 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 43 65 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 55 33 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 54 32 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 31.5 14.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 52 45 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 40 34 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 38 53 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 21 28 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 19.0 20.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 34 30 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

59 80 19 16 1.2 8 9 83 .. .. 12 100 .. 37 9 .. 43.0 85.8 64 ..

70 82 17 11 1.0 23 24 53

50 18 .. 32.5 77.8 55 ..

7

24

152

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Nepal
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
30.5 16.6 540 24.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 54 133 ..

54 137

1.05 70 47 28

68 49

82 19 2 42 33

136 44 7 71 68

.. 41 5 .. 78

.. 46 9 .. 88

5.2 .. .. 24 .. 15 7 770

2.7 90 41 50 28 58 36 170

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 80 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 79 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 77 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

91 .. .. .. .. 75 4 20

89 81 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 100 .. 79 73 .. 2.4 .. .. 21

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

86 73 .. 3.1 .. .. 30

6

33

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

153

Netherlands

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
16.7 829.0 49,660 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 7 ..

74 9

1.06 83 4 ..

79 4

105 111 32 .. ..

102 120 39 .. ..

107 121 69 .. ..

108 122 62 .. ..

1.6 .. .. 76 .. .. .. 10

1.8 4 .. 69 .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 70 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 12 7 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.1 0.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 35 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 84 59 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 38 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 18 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 53 53 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 10.9 5.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 44.3 54.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 12 10 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

58 89 12 10 1.0 2 6 84 48 75 16 100 30 56 64 .. 4.4 31.0 8 98

71 82 18 13 0.3 3 23 61

68 64 .. 4.5 34.7 8 99

21

39

154

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

New Caledonia

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
254.0 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 73 .. ..

68 ..

1.05 80 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 99

3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.1 20 .. .. .. .. .. ..

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

47 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

155

New Zealand

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
4.4 127.3 29,140 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 10 ..

73 12

1.06 83 5 ..

79 7

104 89 41 .. ..

106 88 38 .. ..

101 122 99 .. ..

101 116 67 .. ..

2.2 .. .. .. .. 95 95 18

2.1 21 .. .. .. .. .. 15

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 54 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 87 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.9 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 77 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 0 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 31 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 53 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 10.7 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

74 75 25 15 0.7 13 33 54

66 56 .. 8.1 17.9 15 ..

62 88 12 9 1.3 4 10 86 51 73 14 100 40 58 49 .. 6.8 7.1 16 99

74 80 20 15 0.7 9 31 61

69 51 .. 6.3 9.3 18 99

14

32

156

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Nicaragua
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
5.9 8.9 1,510 11.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 67 60 ..

61 72

1.05 77 22 ..

71 29

90 42 8 56 ..

85 26 8 41 ..

116 73 .. 84 ..

119 66 .. 78 ..

4.8 .. .. 49 .. 72 61 170

2.6 106 41 72 8 90 74 95

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 51 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 49 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 53 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 33 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

83 57 43 40 5.4 .. .. ..

78 68 .. 9.0 .. 11 ..

47 80 42 49 59 51 56 41 19.7 15.8 15 44 15 18 70 38 38 59 12 60 41 45 75 30 62 .. .. 8.8 7.4 .. .. 10 8 13 16

15

40

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

157

Niger
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
16.1 5.8 360 43.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 42 307 10

41 320

1.05 55 122 19

54 127

20 3 0 11 ..

33 9 1 22 ..

64 11 1 40 ..

77 18 2 52 ..

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 7.8 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 83 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 4 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 19 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 30 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 15 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,200 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

7.0 196 75 18 16 46 18 590

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 25 22 .. .. .. .. ..

92 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

87 78 .. .. .. .. ..

40 90 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. 14 100 .. 39 85 33 74 45.0 49.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

5

13

158

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Nigeria
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
162.5 207.3 1,280 68.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.06 47 205 14

44 222

1.06 53 119 19

51 129

75 21 2 .. 62

95 27 6 .. 81

79 41 .. 70 66

87 47 .. 79 78

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.4 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 52 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 6 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) 21 Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) 57 Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 31 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,100 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.5 113 39 15 20 58 39 630

39 .. .. .. .. 38 4 57 .. .. 12 50 .. 37 21 .. 4.4 .. 22 ..

75 .. .. .. .. 51 9 38

69 39 .. 3.7 .. 12 ..

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 50 .. 45 31 40.1 .. .. .. 26

63 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

59 36 41.2 .. .. .. 33

..

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

159

Northern Mariana Islands

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
61.2 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 0 40 58 44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 4 47 49

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

160

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Norway

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
5.0 440.2 88,870 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 7 ..

73 9

1.06 84 3 ..

79 3

100 103 42 96 ..

100 99 35 95 ..

99 110 93 99 ..

99 112 57 99 ..

1.9 .. .. 74 .. .. 100 9

1.9 8 .. .. .. .. .. 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 93 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 85 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 83 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 22.5 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 11 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

71 85 15 .. 1.6 8 35 56

65 50 .. 5.6 19.0 12 ..

62 96 4 3 0.1 1 7 92 49 71 56 100 31 60 53 .. 3.1 8.7 8 ..

70 90 10 7 0.2 4 31 65

68 52 .. 3.4 13.1 9 ..

36

40

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

161

Oman

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
2.8 53.6 19,260 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 72 46 ..

69 49

1.05 76 8 ..

71 9

75 34 4 60 ..

83 47 4 65 ..

103 103 34 108 98

105 105 25 106 98

7.2 .. .. 9 .. 88 87 110

2.2 9 .. 24 .. 99 99 32

17 91 6 .. .. 5 7 86 19 .. .. .. 5 15 14 .. .. .. .. ..

81 85 14 .. .. 10 8 81

76 42 .. .. .. .. ..

28 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 24 16 .. .. .. .. 64

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 43 .. .. .. .. 84

..

1

162

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Pakistan
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
176.7 198.0 1,120 21.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 61 118 7

60 126

1.05 66 68 10

65 76

38 12 2 .. ..

72 29 4 .. ..

83 30 8 59 61

101 40 9 74 79

6.0 .. 32 15 32 26 19 490

3.3 29 24 27 25 61 43 260

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 13 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 72 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 8 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 12 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 11 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 0.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 1 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 .. .. .. .. 48 21 31

81 65 .. 2.8 .. 6 ..

23 83 22 40 78 61 78 59 65.0 19.7 75 37 12 22 13 41 13 .. 12 100 3 21 80 18 63 13.5 12.5 8.7 4.0 .. .. 11 7 3 17

10

23

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

163

Palau
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
20.6 134.2 6,510 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 75 24 ..

63 40

.. .. 14 ..

.. 23

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

103 .. .. .. ..

100 .. .. .. ..

2.8 .. .. .. .. .. 99 ..

.. .. .. 22 .. 90 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

0

164

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Panama
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
3.6 26.7 7,470 6.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 75 31 ..

70 36

1.05 79 18 ..

74 21

104 63 25 87 95

109 59 18 86 95

106 77 56 101 97

109 71 36 101 98

3.0 .. .. .. .. .. 86 100

2.5 77 .. 52 .. 96 89 92

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 79 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 80 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 20 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 19 44 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3.3 7.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 3 38 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 16 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 46 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 45 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 30 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 20 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 22.6 12.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 26.6 20.9 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 29 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

50 74 26 24 5.5 7 10 83 43 48 14 100 46 45 27 5.4 4.9 .. 15 23

83 64 36 33 2.8 23 24 53

79 57 12.1 4.2 .. 11 27

8

9

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

165

Papua New Guinea
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
7.0 10.4 1,480 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 59 84 ..

53 92

1.08 65 55 ..

61 60

57 8 1 41 ..

67 13 3 49 ..

57 .. .. .. 72

63 .. .. .. 65

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 390

3.9 63 21 32 .. 79 53 230

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28 .. 6 0 .. 68 57 .. 5.9 .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 56 .. 9.0 .. .. ..

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. .. 69 55 .. 1.4 .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 54 .. 6.6 .. .. ..

0

3

166

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Paraguay
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
6.6 19.8 3,020 7.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 70 48 17

66 57

1.05 75 20 ..

70 25

102 31 10 65 95

106 30 11 65 96

96 70 40 91 99

100 66 29 90 99

4.5 .. 24 48 15 84 66 120

2.9 68 .. 79 .. 96 82 99

54 67 33 31 0.1 1 15 84 41 57 12 50 .. 50 49 .. 6.3 .. 17 ..

91 69 31 17 0.4 3 36 61

85 78 .. 6.7 .. 15 ..

58 52 48 46 8.5 20 9 71 40 58 12 50 34 54 42 .. 7.4 .. 18 23

86 53 47 40 9.1 31 23 46

83 71 .. 4.4 .. 10 21

6

13

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

167

Peru
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
29.4 151.4 5,150 4.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 68 71 15

63 79

1.05 77 17 23

71 20

117 65 .. .. 94

121 69 .. .. 97

105 91 45 97 97

106 92 41 97 98

3.8 .. 18 59 16 64 53 200

2.5 50 19 75 8 95 85 67

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 46 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 53 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 47 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 46 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 20 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 37 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 20 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 63 37 30 2.8 2 32 66

71 44 .. 6.5 .. 13 ..

68 85 49 59 50 41 47 34 8.7 4.5 1 1 14 32 86 67 38 61 13 100 19 64 79 49 60 39.4 44.8 10.1 5.8 .. .. 16 13 18 23

6

22

168

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Philippines
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
94.9 209.7 2,210 18.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 68 51 14

62 63

1.06 72 22 17

66 29

108 73 31 87 97

110 71 21 86 96

105 88 31 94 98

107 82 25 89 97

4.3 .. 14 36 26 83 53 170

3.1 48 14 49 19 78 72 99

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 48 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 31 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 13 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 56 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 40 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 43 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 31 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 9.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

83 .. .. .. .. 53 16 31

76 53 .. 7.1 .. 13 ..

50 51 49 46 17.4 23 10 68 42 .. 9 100 55 46 30 .. 6.6 .. 19 34

79 53 47 42 9.0 41 18 41

74 49 .. 7.4 .. 16 19

9

23

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

169

Poland

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
38.5 477.0 12,380 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 76 15 ..

67 19

1.06 81 5 ..

73 6

98 90 24 .. 100

100 85 17 .. 100

98 96 87 95 100

99 98 58 96 100

2.0 .. .. 73 .. .. 100 17

1.3 13 .. .. .. .. .. 5

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 55 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 71 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29 31 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 28 28 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7.8 5.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 24 24 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 55 35 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 64 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 29 39 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.7 12.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 36.0 33.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 30 26 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

48 80 20 17 5.2 13 16 71 48 67 16 100 38 43 22 .. 10.4 32.5 29 68

64 75 25 20 2.5 13 42 45

58 31 .. 9.0 30.7 24 72

14

24

170

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Portugal

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
10.6 225.6 21,370 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 78 13 ..

71 16

1.06 84 3 ..

78 4

118 60 26 .. 99

123 60 20 .. 99

110 110 71 .. 100

113 108 60 .. 100

1.4 .. .. .. .. .. 98 15

1.4 13 .. 67 .. .. .. 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 49 73 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 70 72 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 30 28 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 28 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.0 2.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 21 16 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 26 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 53 44 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 37 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 48 71 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 46 60 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.8 3.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 49.2 38.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

57 83 17 14 0.8 11 16 73 49 60 17 100 33 49 24 .. 13.1 48.5 32 78

68 75 25 18 0.5 11 38 51

60 28 .. 12.4 47.9 29 85

8

29

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

171

Puerto Rico

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
3.7 61.6 16,560 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 79 .. ..

70 ..

1.05 83 .. ..

75 ..

.. .. .. .. 94

.. .. .. .. 92

88 79 102 .. 87

84 76 70 .. 86

2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 33

1.8 51 .. .. .. .. .. 20

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 31 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 21 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 79 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 27 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 13 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

60 80 20 .. 0.3 6 27 68

50 28 .. 17.6 .. 33 ..

36 55 92 78 8 22 .. .. 0.0 0.0 0 3 8 18 91 79 46 .. .. .. 43 31 45 15 22 .. .. 12.8 18.2 .. .. 25 33 .. ..

..

..

172

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Qatar

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
1.9 150.4 80,440 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 75 19 ..

74 22

1.04 78 7 ..

79 8

96 92 36 76 91

103 72 10 72 89

104 106 31 96 98

106 98 5 96 96

4.2 .. .. 32 .. 94 .. 15

2.2 16 .. .. .. 100 100 7

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 40 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

94 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

93 68 .. .. .. .. ..

52 95 100 99 0 1 0 0 0.0 0.0 0 2 4 61 96 38 12 .. 7 100 10 50 95 31 77 .. .. 3.3 0.2 40.3 35.3 9 0 62 69

..

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

173

Romania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
21.4 174.0 8,140 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 73 33 ..

67 41

1.06 78 11 ..

71 14

92 101 8 92 99

93 104 8 92 99

95 97 68 93 97

96 98 50 92 97

1.8 .. .. 57 .. .. 100 170

1.3 29 .. .. .. .. 99 27

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 52 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 63 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 37 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 60 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 27 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 51.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

67 75 25 21 3.5 25 49 26

64 54 .. 7.7 39.6 22 ..

49 67 33 32 19.6 31 20 49 46 50 18 85 31 45 20 .. 6.8 40.9 24 41

65 67 33 31 7.1 29 36 35

60 28 .. 7.9 42.6 24 49

34

13

174

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Russian Federation
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
143.0 1,522.3 10,650 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 74 23 ..

64 31

1.06 75 10 ..

63 13

107 91 58 94 100

107 89 47 93 100

99 87 87 .. 100

99 90 65 .. 100

1.9 .. .. 63 .. .. 99 74

1.5 25 .. 80 .. .. 100 34

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 60 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 94 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 70 Maternity leave (weeks) 20 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 52 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 38 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 5.2 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 13.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 13 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

77 90 10 1 0.1 .. .. ..

67 44 .. 5.2 9.1 13 ..

56 71 93 92 7 8 5 6 0.1 0.1 7 11 19 38 74 51 51 65 20 100 37 53 66 34 42 .. .. 6.2 7.0 33.3 32.3 16 15 48 49

16

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

175

Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
10.9 6.2 570 63.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.01 35 148 21

31 165

1.01 57 51 33

54 57

75 15 0 44 ..

76 18 1 46 ..

143 37 6 74 78

140 35 8 65 77

7.0 .. 15 21 39 94 26 910

5.3 36 8 52 21 98 69 340

89 .. .. .. .. 96 1 3 .. .. 12 33 .. 88 81 .. 0.2 .. 1 ..

89 .. .. .. .. 83 5 11

88 79 .. 0.6 .. 1 ..

86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 86 75 7.0 2.4 .. .. 28

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 71 8.0 2.4 .. .. 38

17

56

176

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
183.9 580.5 3,160 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 68 26 ..

62 33

1.08 76 16 ..

70 21

114 .. .. .. 99

112 .. .. .. 99

107 88 .. 103 100

103 77 .. 95 99

4.8 .. .. .. .. .. 76 260

3.8 26 .. 29 .. 93 81 100

40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

4

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

177

San Marino

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
31.7 1.6 50,400 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. 12 ..

.. 12

.. 86 2 ..

80 2

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

91 96 77 95 ..

92 94 52 92 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 3 32 66 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.0 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 2 52 46

.. .. .. 2.0 .. .. ..

.. 93 7 .. 0.0 0 21 79 44 .. .. .. 18 .. .. .. 4.5 .. .. ..

.. 89 11 .. 0.0 0 48 52

.. .. .. 1.2 .. .. ..

12

17

178

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

São Tomé and Príncipe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
168.5 226.9 1,350 28.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 62 93 ..

60 99

1.03 66 86 39

63 92

132 34 .. 71 92

144 37 .. 79 96

125 a 129 a 74 a 65 a 4 5 117 112 96 95

5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 150

3.6 58 34 38 37 98 82 70

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 37 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 30 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 35 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 59 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 10 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 14 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 72 26 26 0.8 42 19 36

.. .. .. .. .. 6 ..

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. .. .. .. 24.5 .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 11.0 .. .. ..

12

18

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

179

Saudi Arabia

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
28.1 500.5 17,820 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 70 39 ..

68 46

1.03 75 8 ..

73 10

.. .. 11 .. 81

.. .. 11 .. 94

106 92 42 105 97

106 103 40 107 99

5.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 44

2.7 20 .. 24 .. 97 97 24

15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 50 .. 13 4 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 43 .. .. .. .. ..

18 .. .. .. .. 0 2 98 16 .. 10 100 8 15 4 .. 15.9 .. 46 15

74 .. .. .. .. 5 23 72

72 20 .. 3.5 .. 24 73

..

0

180

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Senegal
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
12.8 13.7 1,070 29.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 54 129 16

52 143

1.03 60 60 25

58 69

47 10 .. 33 28

65 20 .. 53 49

89 40 6 65 56

83 44 10 61 74

6.6 .. 48 7 29 74 47 670

4.7 93 33 13 30 93 65 370

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 89 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 8 14 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 78 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 91 77 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 32.4 25.3 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 54 82 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 44 73 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

66 88 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 33 34 5 20 42 33 .. .. 14 100 .. 58 82 43 71 14.1 20.9 13.6 7.9 .. .. 20 12 5 6

13

43

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

181

Serbia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
7.3 41.3 5,690 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.08 74 27 ..

69 30

1.08 77 6 29

72 8

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

95 92 57 99 99

95 91 44 100 99

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. 23

1.4 20 5 61 .. 99 100 12

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 73 67 27 33 25 28 13.3 4.7 21 23 16 34 63 43 44 .. 52 100 33 .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.4 18.3 70.6 72.4 41 31 62 62

..

33

182

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Seychelles
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
86.0 969.3 11,270 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

.. 74 15 ..

68 18

.. 77 13 ..

70 15

109 121 .. 116 98

112 123 .. 112 97

113 131 4 127 99

113 117 1 123 99

2.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) .. Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 49 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 12.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 79 15 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 8.6 .. 18 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

16

44

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

183

Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
6.0 2.8 460 53.4
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.02 40 253 ..

37 280

1.02 48 176 22

47 194

42 12 .. .. ..

63 23 .. .. ..

120 .. .. 71 50

129 .. .. 78 69

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.7 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 3 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,300 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.9 112 44 11 28 93 63 890

65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 44 .. .. .. .. ..

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 33 .. .. .. .. ..

66 69 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65 66 47 37 52.5 55.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 18

..

12

184

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Singapore

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
5.2 222.6 42,930 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.07 78 7 ..

73 8

1.07 84 2 ..

80 3

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 99

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

1.9 .. .. 65 .. .. .. 6

1.2 6 .. .. .. .. .. 3

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 51 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 91 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 9 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 33 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 67 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 17 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 50 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 55 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

79 82 18 10 0.4 0 37 63

79 57 .. 2.5 .. 3 ..

57 90 10 7 1.2 1 17 83 45 .. 12 100 34 54 33 .. 3.2 .. .. 98

77 81 19 12 0.4 2 26 73

74 37 .. 2.6 .. .. 98

5

24

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

185

Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
36.6 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. 78 .. ..

73 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

186

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Slovak Republic

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
5.4 87.4 16,190 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 75 15 ..

67 20

1.05 80 7 ..

72 9

100 89 16 96 ..

100 86 16 95 ..

101 91 67 99 ..

101 90 43 98 ..

2.1 .. .. 74 .. .. 100 15

1.5 17 .. .. .. .. 100 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 59 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 97 91 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 3 9 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 3 6 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.2 0.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 7 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 29 48 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 64 39 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 47 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 72 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 23 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 53 66 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 45 48 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 11.8 12.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 42.9 40.8 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 28 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

51 68 90 79 10 21 8 16 0.1 0.0 2 4 21 50 77 46 49 62 28 55 31 44 59 17 25 .. .. 13.5 13.5 62.5 65.0 34 33 79 80

..

19

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

187

Slovenia

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
2.1 48.5 23,600 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 77 9 ..

69 12

1.05 83 3 ..

77 3

97 92 27 .. 100

97 87 22 .. 100

98 97 106 96 100

99 98 74 97 100

1.5 .. .. .. .. 98 100 11

1.6 5 .. .. .. .. 100 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 47 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 88 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 10 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 36 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 54 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 48 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 26 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 44 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 27 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 50.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 19 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

59 82 18 14 2.0 11 52 37

57 30 .. 8.1 57.1 25 ..

53 87 13 11 5.3 9 21 71 48 58 15 100 38 49 30 .. 8.2 43.1 17 98

65 80 20 15 3.4 9 43 48

60 37 .. 8.2 45.1 15 96

..

32

188

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Solomon Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
552.3 615.2 1,110 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.09 57 43 ..

56 41

1.09 69 22 ..

66 21

82 11 .. 47 ..

95 17 .. 60 ..

144 45 .. .. ..

146 51 .. .. ..

5.9 .. .. .. .. .. 85 150

4.2 66 22 35 11 74 86 93

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 50 37 .. .. .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

74 51 .. .. .. .. ..

53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 25 .. 51 38 .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

77 52 .. .. .. .. ..

0

2

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

189

Somalia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
9.6 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 46 170 ..

43 190

1.03 53 170 ..

50 190

9 7 1 .. ..

18 13 4 .. ..

23 5 .. .. ..

42 11 .. .. ..

6.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 890

6.3 68 45 15 26 26 33 1,000

35 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. 14 50 .. 33 30 .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

73 57 .. .. .. .. ..

38 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 50 .. 35 72 28 52 41.5 45.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 35

4

14

190

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
50.6 352.0 6,960 13.8
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 65 58 ..

58 66

1.03 53 44 ..

52 50

106 71 11 80 ..

107 61 13 72 ..

100 96 .. .. 98

104 92 .. .. 97

3.7 .. .. 57 .. .. .. 250

2.4 52 .. .. .. 97 .. 300

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 33 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 25 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 12 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 23.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

49 19 .. 17.2 .. .. ..

44 61 86 83 13 16 11 9 1.2 0.5 4 6 13 33 68 58 45 63 17 60 31 32 47 11 15 .. .. 27.7 22.3 32.8 33.0 55 45 51 56

3

42

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

191

South Sudan
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
10.3 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. 215 ..

.. 220

.. 61 119 ..

62 122

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

3.9 .. 52 4 .. 40 19 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.7 45.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

27

192

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Spain

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
46.2 1,428.3 30,930 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 81 10 ..

73 12

1.06 85 4 ..

79 5

105 105 37 101 100

107 99 34 102 100

105 126 86 103 100

106 123 70 104 100

1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7

1.4 11 .. 66 .. .. .. 6

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 34 69 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 73 74 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 27 26 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 25 21 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 10.5 3.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 10 13 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 41 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 73 47 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 32 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 79 Maternity leave (weeks) 16 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 75 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 30 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 26 60 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 26 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.5 11.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 58.5 43.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 40 23 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

52 67 88 80 12 20 9 13 1.0 0.6 2 6 9 32 89 62 47 77 16 100 30 40 53 22 24 .. .. 22.2 21.2 42.7 40.6 44 48 92 95

15

36

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

193

Sri Lanka
South Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
20.9 53.8 2,580 4.1
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 73 27 ..

66 31

1.04 78 11 ..

72 13

108 75 3 97 ..

112 69 6 97 ..

99 102 20 101 99

99 99 11 101 98

2.5 .. 14 66 .. 80 94 85

2.3 22 12 68 .. 99 99 35

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 36 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 66 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 34 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 18.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 43 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 28 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 15 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 58 42 40 6.7 37 19 38

69 40 .. 9.7 .. .. ..

35 54 46 45 22.4 38 25 27 31 .. 12 100 24 33 20 8.5 7.7 .. 25 67

76 56 44 40 4.4 30 24 28

74 42 13.0 3.5 .. 16 70

5

6

194

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

St. Kitts and Nevis

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
53.1 668.9 12,610 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. 70 25 ..

66 32

.. .. 6 ..

.. 8

111 85 7 104 ..

116 81 6 131 ..

91 96 25 98 ..

89 93 12 88 ..

2.6 .. .. .. .. 100 .. ..

.. .. .. 54 .. 100 100 ..

.. 84 14 12 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 81 17 12 0.7 .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

7

7

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

195

St. Lucia
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
176.0 1.2 6,820 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 73 20 ..

69 25

1.03 77 14 ..

72 17

136 59 3 120 ..

142 39 3 120 ..

92 94 19 93 ..

94 97 11 93 ..

3.4 .. .. 47 .. 100 .. 64

2.0 57 .. .. .. 99 100 35

58 74 25 21 4.1 15 19 64 52 .. 13 60 50 .. .. .. 7.0 .. 15 ..

76 57 39 25 1.7 30 24 43

.. .. .. 6.6 .. 15 ..

64 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 65 .. .. .. .. 18.5 .. .. ..

77 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. 10.0 .. .. ..

0

17

196

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

St. Martin (French part)

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
30.6 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

197

St. Vincent and Grenadines
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
109.4 663.9 6,070 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 72 24 ..

67 29

1.03 74 19 ..

70 23

113 67 8 .. ..

114 54 4 .. ..

101 109 .. 92 ..

109 106 .. 97 ..

3.0 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 59

2.0 55 .. 48 .. 100 99 48

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 44 81 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 79 71 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21 29 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 17 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 2.7 2.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 14 31 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 11 27 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 75 43 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) .. .. Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) .. .. Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.4 18.3 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 43 32 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13 65 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

78 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

10

17

198

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Sudan
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
34.3c 58.3d 1,310d 19.8c
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 1.05 54 51 63 116 c 129 c 81c .. 19

60 91c

42 18 2 .. ..

54 23 3 .. ..

69 36 .. 55 84

76 41 .. 61 90

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 6.0 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) 27 Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 9 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 69 Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

4.3 55 33 c 9 6 56 c 23 c 730

27 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22 .. .. .. .. 23 17 .. .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 48 .. .. .. .. ..

31 77 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 100 .. 26 72 19 36 c c 9.5 15.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 9

..

25

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

199

Suriname
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
529.4 4.1 7,840 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.08 71 46 ..

64 57

1.08 74 26 ..

67 33

123 63 11 96 ..

112 49 9 81 ..

112 97 .. 93 99

118 74 .. 82 98

2.7 .. .. 48 .. .. .. 84

2.3 36 19 46 .. 90 90 130

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 43 72 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 27 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 87 65 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 41 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 68 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 16 37 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 20.1 12.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 47 29 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

41 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. .. .. .. 33 8 .. .. .. .. ..

69 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 31 .. .. .. .. ..

8

12

200

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Swaziland
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
1.1 3.7 3,470 40.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 61 76 ..

58 91

1.03 48 94 48

49 113

94 .. 3 66 84

94 .. 5 59 83

109 59 6 78 95

121 61 6 76 92

5.7 .. .. 20 .. .. 56 300

3.3 71 7 65 24 97 82 320

42 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 35 .. 12 0 .. 32 22 .. .. .. .. ..

74 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

58 33 .. .. .. .. ..

44 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 .. .. 32 20 12.1 .. .. .. 27

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

56 31 14.5 .. .. .. 30

4

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

201

Sweden

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
9.4 502.5 53,170 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.06 80 6 ..

75 7

1.06 84 3 ..

80 3

100 92 33 96 ..

100 88 28 97 ..

101 99 90 97 ..

102 100 58 97 ..

2.1 .. .. .. .. .. 100 6

1.9 6 .. .. .. .. .. 4

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 62 71 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 95 87 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 5 13 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.5 0.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 5 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 43 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 84 52 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 51 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 81 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 90 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 60 68 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 58 57 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 1.8 1.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 11.8 12.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 5 5 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

59 94 6 4 0.2 1 8 91 50 63 69 80 35 55 40 .. 7.5 13.6 22 99

68 86 15 9 0.2 3 31 66

63 40 .. 7.6 17.8 24 99

38

45

202

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Switzerland

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
7.9 604.1 76,350 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 81 7 ..

74 9

1.05 85 4 ..

81 5

90 92 18 52 ..

89 99 33 51 ..

102 94 55 97 ..

103 97 55 94 ..

1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7

1.5 4 .. .. .. .. 100 8

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 56 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 86 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 11 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.4 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 4 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 43 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 82 Maternity leave (weeks) 8 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 24 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 69 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.6 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 15.6 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 3 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 84 16 8 1.7 5 41 54

80 69 .. 1.7 15.5 3 ..

61 75 87 83 13 17 10 9 2.8 1.5 3 4 10 31 83 62 47 80 14 80 33 58 73 60 64 .. .. 4.5 3.7 39.9 36.6 8 8 .. ..

14

29

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

203

Syrian Arab Republic
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
20.8 56.3 2,750 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 72 33 ..

70 39

1.05 77 14 ..

74 16

102 43 14 86 ..

113 59 22 97 ..

121 73 .. 106 94

122 73 .. 105 96

5.3 .. .. 40 .. 51 77 240

2.9 38 13 54 11 88 96 70

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 18 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 54 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 8 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 38 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 15 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 7 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 70 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 15 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 14 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 14.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 .. .. .. .. 23 28 49

76 60 .. 5.2 .. .. ..

13 83 9 16 8.2 22 9 69 15 27 7 70 9 10 5 4.3 22.5 .. 40 20

72 60 38 35 2.4 13 36 51

67 42 8.8 5.7 .. 15 27

9

12

204

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Tajikistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
7.0 6.1 870 6.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 66 106 ..

60 122

1.05 71 56 ..

64 70

90 .. .. .. 100

92 .. .. .. 100

98 82 16 102 100

102 94 31 106 100

5.2 .. .. .. .. .. 90 94

3.2 26 .. 37 .. 80 88 65

58 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. 51 33 .. .. .. .. ..

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

66 44 .. .. .. .. ..

57 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. 20 .. .. 51 31 .. .. .. .. 2

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 46 .. .. .. .. 3

..

19

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

205

Tanzania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
46.2 24.2 540 67.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 52 152 19

49 163

1.03 59 65 24

57 70

69 4 0 47 78

70 6 1 48 86

95 a 33 a 3a 85 a 76

92 a 37 a 5a 77 a 78

6.2 .. 37 10 28 62 44 870

5.5 129 37 34 25 88 49 460

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 87 91 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 4 13 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 96 87 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 96 86 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.5 0.6 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 90 78 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 1 7 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 8 15 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 58 Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) .. Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 76 81 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 70 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 4.3 2.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 34.3 35.0 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 8 7 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

88 90 6 15 94 85 93 82 13.0 9.7 80 73 2 7 18 21 31 .. 12 100 16 77 81 69 69 27.1 35.0 5.8 2.8 .. .. 10 7 14 21

..

36

206

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Thailand
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
69.5 308.3 4,440 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 76 31 ..

69 39

1.06 78 11 30

71 13

99 29 21 .. ..

100 28 18 .. ..

90 82 54 .. ..

91 76 41 .. ..

2.1 .. 21 66 .. 80 69 54

1.6 38 20 80 .. 99 100 48

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 76 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 26 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 74 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 56.1 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 65 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 12 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 71 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 67 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 2.4 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 4 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

87 31 69 67 27.0 63 16 21

84 72 .. 2.0 .. 4 ..

64 43 57 56 29.7 37 18 45 46 .. 13 100 25 63 38 .. 0.6 .. 3 73

80 45 55 52 15.1 41 23 37

80 54 .. 0.7 .. 3 73

3

16

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

207

Timor-Leste
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
1.2 3.1 2,730 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24)

1.05 47 169 ..

45 190

1.05 63 51 12

62 57

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

122 59 14 74 79

126 57 19 71 80

Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) 5.3 Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) .. Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) .. Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) 25 Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) .. Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) .. Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) .. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 1,000 Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

5.5 55 19 22 31 84 29 300

41 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 37 .. .. .. .. ..

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 55 .. .. .. .. ..

38 .. .. 79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 33 17.7 4.6 .. .. ..

74 .. .. 66 .. .. .. ..

72 48 22.2 3.1 .. .. ..

..

39

208

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Togo
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
6.2 3.5 570 28.2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.02 55 136 ..

51 158

1.02 59 102 ..

56 118

75 11 1 24 ..

117 33 4 51 ..

133 31 .. 67 75

146 60 .. 86 88

6.3 .. 44 34 .. 43 31 620

4.0 57 25 15 41 72 59 300

67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. .. .. .. 63 54 .. .. .. .. ..

84 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

79 63 .. .. .. .. ..

80 81 6 17 94 83 94 83 28.4 23.1 48 61 4 10 46 29 .. .. 14 100 .. 75 76 61 58 47.0 50.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 11

5

11

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

209

Tonga
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
104.5 399.0 3,820 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 71 21 ..

68 28

1.05 75 13 ..

69 18

107 98 .. 120 ..

108 99 .. 135 ..

108 101 .. 106 100

112 101 .. 102 99

4.6 .. .. .. .. .. 92 67

3.9 19 .. 32 .. 98 98 110

36 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

0

4

210

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Trinidad and Tobago

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
1.3 21.3 15,840 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.04 73 33 ..

65 41

1.04 74 24 ..

67 31

97 86 6 105 99

96 84 7 99 99

103 93 .. 91 100

107 87 .. 91 100

2.4 .. 34 53 .. 98 98 86

1.6 32 8 43 27 96 98 46

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 39 76 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 77 73 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 23 26 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 21 22 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 6.5 2.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 6 15 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 14 34 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 80 51 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 36 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 38 Maternity leave (weeks) 13 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 36 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 34 56 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 23 44 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 24.2 17.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 36.1 20.2 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 43 33 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

55 .. .. .. .. 2 15 82 .. .. 13 100 .. 51 38 2.7 6.2 .. 13 70

78 .. .. .. .. 5 44 51

75 55 4.1 3.5 .. 9 82

17

29

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

211

Tunisia
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
10.7 42.9 4,020 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 72 47 ..

69 55

1.05 77 15 ..

73 18

104 38 6 74 75

120 50 10 86 90

108 94 45 92 96

112 91 29 90 98

3.6 .. 10 50 .. 58 69 130

2.1 5 .. 60 .. 96 95 56

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 21 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 59 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 41 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 14 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 21.8 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 23 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 44 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 32 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 23 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 4 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 17 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 19 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 21.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 30 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

76 69 30 23 5.7 26 31 41

64 38 .. 14.7 .. 31 ..

26 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 21 15 .. .. .. .. 25

70 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

60 29 .. .. .. .. 39

4

27

212

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Turkey
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
73.6 766.6 10,410 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 65 68 10

61 76

1.05 76 14 ..

72 16

98 37 9 87 88

107 63 17 97 97

104 79 50 100 97

105 86 61 101 99

3.0 .. 23 63 11 62 76 67

2.1 32 14 73 18 95 95 20

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 35 82 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 22 47 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 78 54 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 69.2 13.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 76 34 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 10 26 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 14 41 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 16 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 62 Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 67 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 32 74 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 36 60 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 8.5 7.8 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 50.3 43.3 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 15 17 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

28 71 52 66 48 34 47 27 35.4 4.8 39 18 15 31 45 51 23 60 16 67 10 25 65 21 45 1.8 3.3 11.3 9.2 34.2 22.5 21 17 33 82

1

14

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

213

Turkmenistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
5.1 24.5 4,800 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 66 86 ..

59 103

1.05 69 48 ..

61 57

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. 100

.. .. .. .. 100

4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 82

2.4 17 7 48 .. 99 100 67

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 25 .. .. .. .. ..

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 43 .. .. .. .. ..

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16 100 .. 42 26 .. .. .. .. 1

76 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

68 46 .. .. .. .. 0

26

17

214

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Turks and Caicos Islands

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
39.2 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. ..

.. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. 0 .. ..

.. .. 0 .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. 100 100 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 96 4 .. .. .. .. .. 38 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. 94 6 .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

215

Tuvalu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
9.8 48.8 4,950 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

.. .. 52 ..

.. 63

.. .. 27 ..

.. 33

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

98 .. .. 109 ..

102 .. .. 89 ..

.. .. .. 39 .. .. 100 ..

.. .. 10 31 24 97 98 ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

8

7

216

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Uganda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
34.5 17.5 510 38.0
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.03 49 164 ..

45 192

1.03 55 83 30

53 97

62 8 1 28 63

77 14 2 47 77

114 26 4 54 85

112 30 15 56 90

7.1 .. 53 5 .. 87 38 600

6.1 131 40 30 41 93 57 310

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 .. .. 79 63 .. 0.6 .. 1 ..

82 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 60 .. 1.3 .. 3 ..

76 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 100 .. 72 77 54 57 36.5 39.8 5.1 3.1 .. .. .. .. 15 26

12

35

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

217

Ukraine
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
45.7 142.9 3,130 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 75 17 ..

66 22

1.06 76 9 49

66 11

107 97 46 99 ..

107 93 35 99 ..

100 93 88 97 100

99 95 75 96 100

1.8 .. .. .. .. .. 100 49

1.5 27 10 67 10 99 99 32

56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47 .. .. .. .. 52 36 .. .. .. .. ..

71 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

65 37 .. .. .. .. ..

53 81 19 .. 0.3 .. .. .. 55 .. 18 100 39 49 30 .. 6.8 .. 19 39

67 83 17 .. 0.4 .. .. ..

61 38 .. 8.8 .. 19 44

..

9

218

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

United Arab Emirates

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
7.9 321.7 40,760 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 74 20 ..

71 24

1.05 78 6 ..

76 7

106 69 13 90 ..

110 56 3 93 ..

106 93 .. 101 ..

103 92 .. 98 ..

4.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 24

1.7 24 .. .. .. 100 100 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 25 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 6 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 24 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 15 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

91 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

89 62 .. .. .. .. ..

44 99 1 0 0.0 0 7 93 20 .. 6 100 10 38 24 .. 12.0 .. 22 47

92 95 5 1 0.0 5 28 66

90 54 .. 2.0 .. 8 69

0

18

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

219

United Kingdom

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
62.7 2,370.4 37,780 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 79 8 ..

73 10

1.05 83 5 ..

79 6

106 85 26 .. ..

106 82 28 .. ..

107 106 70 .. ..

107 105 50 .. ..

1.8 .. .. 70 .. .. .. 10

2.0 30 .. 84 .. .. .. 12

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 53 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 92 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 7 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 5 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 0.0 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 1 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 17 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 44 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 85 Maternity leave (weeks) 14 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 90 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) 31 Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 49 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 61 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 6.5 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) 23.4 Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 9 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

75 81 18 12 0.0 3 44 53

67 66 .. 7.0 41.2 11 ..

56 91 9 8 0.5 1 8 91 47 75 7 90 34 52 46 .. 7.1 27.5 18 98

69 81 18 15 0.2 2 29 69

62 46 .. 8.4 37.7 22 97

6

23

220

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

United States

Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
311.6 15,148.2 48,620 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 79 10 ..

72 13

1.05 81 7 ..

76 8

104 91 79 .. ..

105 91 64 .. ..

101 97 111 104 ..

102 96 79 103 ..

2.1 .. .. 71 .. .. 99 12

1.9 30 .. 79 .. .. .. 21

56 93 7 .. 0.5 1 15 84 47 .. 12 0 .. 53 51 .. 5.5 3.7 11 ..

75 90 11 .. 0.1 4 36 60

69 57 .. 5.7 7.0 12 ..

58 70 95 99 6 8 .. .. 0.1 0.1 1 2 7 25 92 72 48 .. 12 .. 43 53 63 42 42 .. .. 8.5 9.4 30.2 32.2 16 19 84 92

7

18

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

221

Uruguay
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
3.4 40.0 11,860 <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 76 21 ..

69 26

1.05 80 9 ..

73 11

108 88 .. 97 ..

109 74 .. 92 ..

110 96 80 104 99

114 85 47 105 98

2.5 .. .. 83 .. .. .. 39

2.0 59 .. .. .. 96 100 29

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 45 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 0 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 22 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 78 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 42 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 39 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 33 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 10.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 27 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

78 .. .. .. .. 0 40 60

72 57 .. 6.9 .. 21 ..

56 76 24 21 1.6 5 13 83 46 65 12 100 40 51 36 5.0 7.7 .. 22 24

77 71 29 23 0.6 16 29 56

73 52 9.4 4.5 .. 14 23

6

12

222

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Uzbekistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
29.3 44.2 1,510 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 70 68 ..

64 82

1.05 71 42 18

65 55

110 .. .. .. ..

111 .. .. .. ..

93 104 7 92 100

96 107 11 94 100

4.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 59

2.5 13 7 65 8 99 100 28

46 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 37 .. .. .. .. 41 25 .. .. .. .. ..

73 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

64 42 .. .. .. .. ..

48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 39 .. 18 100 .. 43 26 .. .. .. .. 21

75 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

67 45 .. .. .. .. 24

..

22

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

223

Vanuatu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ millions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
245.6 669.6 2,730 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.07 65 36 ..

62 41

1.07 73 12 ..

69 14

96 16 .. 82 85

98 20 .. 85 87

114 55 .. 83 94

120 54 .. 84 94

4.9 .. .. 15 .. .. 87 220

3.8 51 27 38 .. 84 74 110

79 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

88 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

61 23 76 75 9.2 62 3 33 39 .. 13 50 29 .. .. .. 5.2 .. .. ..

80 29 68 67 8.5 59 11 29

.. .. .. 4.1 .. .. ..

4

0

224

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Venezuela, RB
Latin America & the Caribbean
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Upper middle income
29.3 346.1 11,820 6.6
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 74 28 ..

68 34

1.05 77 13 ..

71 17

109 62 25 86 96

110 50 28 76 95

101 87 99 96 99

104 80 58 94 98

3.4 .. .. 58 .. .. .. 94

2.5 88 .. .. .. .. .. 92

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 37 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 71 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 29 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 27 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 1.2 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 2 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 16 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 35 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) 66 Maternity leave (weeks) 18 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 35 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 22 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 10.0 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 26 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

81 58 42 34 1.7 19 30 52

75 54 .. 10.4 .. 21 ..

52 61 39 33 1.1 2 11 87 42 62 18 67 .. 47 27 3.3 9.3 .. 22 36

80 55 45 32 0.5 13 29 58

74 50 6.9 7.7 .. 15 53

10

17

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

225

Vietnam
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
87.8 111.1 1,270 16.9
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.05 67 43 ..

64 57

1.05 77 19 ..

73 25

104 .. .. .. 93

113 .. .. .. 94

103 81 25 .. 96

109 74 24 .. 97

3.6 .. .. 53 .. .. .. 240

1.8 24 9 78 .. 94 93 59

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 76 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) .. Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) .. Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) .. Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 74 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 71 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) .. Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) .. Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

85 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

83 76 .. .. .. .. ..

73 81 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 50 16 24 30 26 .. .. 26 100 .. 71 80 56 61 13.5 12.5 2.4 1.7 .. .. .. .. 19 24

18

24

226

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Virgin Islands (U.S.)

Population (thousands) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

High income
109.7 .. .. ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.06 79 .. ..

71 ..

1.06 82 .. ..

76 ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

3.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

1.8 23 .. .. .. .. .. ..

51 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

80 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. .. .. ..

..

..

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

227

West Bank and Gaza
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
3.9 .. .. <2
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 70 41 ..

67 46

1.05 75 21 ..

71 23

.. .. .. .. ..

.. .. .. .. ..

92 88 60 92 99

92 80 43 90 99

6.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.4 49 .. 50 .. 99 99 ..

10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 4 .. .. .. .. ..

68 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

54 35 .. .. .. .. ..

15 67 33 32 19.5 21 8 71 17 .. .. .. 10 13 5 .. 26.8 .. 50 10

66 68 32 25 4.7 10 28 62

52 29 .. 23.1 .. 37 29

..

..

228

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
24.8 26.4 1,070 17.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) Maternity leave (weeks) Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

1.05 57 121 12

55 131

1.05 67 73 ..

64 80

.. .. 2 .. 35

.. .. 8 .. 83

81 35 6 53 74

100 56 14 72 96

8.7 .. 49 10 .. 26 16 610

5.1 69 32 28 24 47 36 200

16 .. .. .. .. 83 2 13 6 .. 10 70 .. 12 9 .. 3.9 .. 10 ..

74 .. .. .. .. 44 14 38

67 39 .. 9.3 .. 20 ..

25 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6 .. 9 100 .. 19 11 15.9 40.9 .. .. 1

72 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

63 39 20.7 11.5 .. .. 6

4

0

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

229

Zambia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Lower middle income
13.5 15.7 1,160 68.5
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.03 49 186 16

46 200

1.03 49 80 24

49 86

94 15 1 81 66

103 26 3 107 67

117 .. .. 108 67

118 .. .. 98 82

6.5 .. 43 15 31 92 51 470

6.3 140 42 41 27 94 47 440

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 74 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 15 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 81 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 55.7 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) 56 Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) 3 Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 17 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 100 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 62 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 13.7 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 21 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

86 39 58 56 27.8 47 15 22

68 47 .. 11.7 .. 21 ..

73 86 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 100 .. 64 71 51 52 33.3 35.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 23 19

7

12

230

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) GNI, Atlas ($ billions) GNI per capita, Atlas ($) Population living below $1.25 a day (%)

Low income
12.8 8.4 660 ..
1990 2011 Female Male Female Male

Demography Sex ratio at birth (boys per girls) Life expectancy at birth (years) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Female-headed households (%) Education Gross primary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross secondary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio (% of relevant age group) Primary completion rate (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate (% of population ages 15–24) Health and related services Total fertility rate (births per woman) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15–19) Women first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20–24) Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15–49) Unmet need for contraception (% of women ages 15–49) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care (%) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)

1.02 62 72 33

59 86

1.02 50 61 45

52 73

100 44 4 .. 94

101 50 8 .. 97

.. .. 5 .. 100

.. .. 7 .. 98

5.2 .. 33 43 .. 91 70 450

3.2 56 31 59 15 90 66 570

Economic structure, participation, and access to resources Labor force participation rate (% of population ages 15+) 67 Wage and salaried workers (% of employed ages 15+) 18 Self-employed workers (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Vulnerable employment (% of employed ages 15+) 82 Unpaid family workers (% of employed ages 15+) 20.5 Employment in agriculture (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in industry (% of employed ages 15+) .. Employment in service (% of employed ages 15+) .. Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector (%) 15 Women’s share of part-time employment (% of total) .. Maternity leave (weeks) 12 Maternal leave benefits (% of wages paid) 60 Female legislators, senior officials and managers (% of total) .. Employment to population ratio, total (% ages 15+) 64 Employment to population ratio, youth (% ages 15–24) 47 Children in employment (% of children ages 7–14) .. Unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15+) 7.9 Long-term unemployment rate (% total unemployment) .. Youth unemployment rate (% of labor force ages 15–24) 43 Account at a formal financial institution (% age 15+) .. Public life and decision making Seats held by women in national parliament (%)

80 53 47 47 16.4 .. .. ..

74 48 .. 6.5 .. 46 ..

83 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14 100 .. 80 72 .. .. .. .. 37

90 .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

85 73 .. .. .. .. 43

11

15

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

231

Notes
a. Data are for 2012. b. Includes Taiwan, China. c. Excludes South Sudan. d. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, 2011.

232

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Glossary
Account at a formal financial institution is the percentage of respondents with an account (self or together with someone else) at a bank, credit union, another financial institution (e.g., cooperative, microfinance institution), or the post office (if applicable) including respondents who reported having a debit card. (World Bank) Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19. (United Nations Population Division) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary care to women during pregnancy, labor, and postpartum; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children’s Fund, ChildInfo, and ICF International) Children in employment are children ages 7–14 who are involved in any economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. (Understanding Children’s Work) Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing, any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and ICF International) Employment in agriculture is the proportion of employment in agriculture— division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing—in total employment. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Employment in industry is the proportion of employment in industry— divisions 2–5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C–F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)—in total employment. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Employment in service is the proportion of employment in service—divisions 6–9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G–P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal service—in total employment. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population and ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Female headed household is the percentage of households with a female head. (ICF International)

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

233

Glossary
Female legislators, senior officials and managers refer to the share of legislators, senior officials and managers who are female. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2011. (World Bank) GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro zone, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Figures in italics are for years other than 2011. (World Bank) Gross primary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in primary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the primary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Gross secondary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in secondary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the secondary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Gross tertiary enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in tertiary level, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the tertiary education. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)

234

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Glossary
Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and ICF International.) Long-term unemployment rate is the share of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer in the total unemployed. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Maternal leave benefits are percentage of the wage paid during the maternity leave. (United Nations) Maternal mortality ratio is a modeled estimate showing the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes during pregnancy and childbirth per 100,000 live births. (World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Population Fund and the World Bank) Maternity leave is a number of weeks that the benefits are provided. (United Nations) Population is the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Figures in italics are for years other than 2011. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and ICF International.) Population below $1.25 a day is the percentages of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. Data are the most recent estimate since 2000. Figures in italics are for years other than 2011. (World Bank) Pregnant women receiving prenatal care are the percentage of women attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy. (United Nations Children’s Fund and ICF International) Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

235

Glossary
Seats held by women in national parliament is the percentage of parliamentary seats in a single or lower chamber occupied by women. Data listed for 2011 are for 2012 (Inter-Parliamentary Union) Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a “self-employment jobs.” (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Sex ratio at birth refers to male births per female births. (United Nations Population Division) Total fertility rate is the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (World Bank staff estimates from various sources including census reports, the United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects, national statistical offices, household surveys conducted by national agencies, and ICF International.) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, World Bank, and United Nations Population Division) Unemployment rate is the share of labor force without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment may differ by country. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Unmet need for contraception is the percentage of fertile, married women of reproductive age who do not want to become pregnant and are not using contraception. (ICF International) Unpaid family workers are those who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household. (International Labour Organization) Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Wage and salaried workers are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as “paid employment jobs,” where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Women first married by age 18 is the percentage of women ages 20–24 who were first married by age 18. (United Nations Children’s Fund and ICF International)

236

2013  The Little Data Book on Gender

Glossary
Women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2–5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C–F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services— corresponding to divisions 6–9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G–P (ISIC revision 3). (International Labour Organization) Women’s share of part-time employment is the female share of total part-time workers. Part-time worker is an employed person whose normal hours of work are less than those of comparable full-time workers. Definition of part-time varies across countries. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database) Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15–24 that can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Youth unemployment rate is the share of the labor force ages 15–24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment may differ by country. (International Labour Organization Key Indicators of Labour Market database)

The Little Data Book on Gender  2013

237

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful