Sharif Brother’s Scandals

Table of Contents
Agencies ............................................................................................................................................3 Former DG IB Says N-League against National Interest ............................................................................ 3 Anti-Western......................................................................................................................................3 The anti-global Nawaz Sharif .................................................................................................................... 3 Bad Governance .................................................................................................................................4 Express Tribune: Shahbaz is control freak ................................................................................................ 4 Bribery ...............................................................................................................................................6 Supreme Court to inquire into Sharif bribe claims ................................................................................... 6 Communalism ....................................................................................................................................8 Nawaz Sharif Accused in Religious Attacks ............................................................................................... 8 Corruption .........................................................................................................................................9 NAB launches $32 million money laundering scandal inquiry against Nawaz Sharif ............................... 9 Documents Point To Sharifs $32 Million Corruption Scandal ................................................................. 10 Expensive govt land on Murree Road allotted illegally .......................................................................... 14 Students Protest Corruption of Sharifs ................................................................................................... 15 Sharifs responsible for energy crisis ....................................................................................................... 16 Punjab stuffing PML-N men in govt jobs illegally ................................................................................... 17 Sharifs Use Courts To Avoid Paying Fair Share of Taxes ......................................................................... 19 Sharifs are defaulters of nine Pakistani banks ........................................................................................ 19 Nawaz Sharif Uses Taxpayer Money to Pay Personal Staff..................................................................... 20 Sharif Controlled Sugar Mill Responsible For Sugar Crisis ...................................................................... 21 Nawaz Sharif: The Premier of Graft ........................................................................................................ 21 Judiciary........................................................................................................................................... 23 Sharifs Double Game With CJ Restoration Exposed ............................................................................... 23 Nawaz’s secret dash to Dubai ................................................................................................................. 25 Taxes ............................................................................................................................................... 26 N-League Refuses To Pay Proper Taxes For Billboards ........................................................................... 26 Terrorism ......................................................................................................................................... 28 The Punjabi Taliban ................................................................................................................................. 28

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Terrorist Kingpin on Sharif Payroll .......................................................................................................... 29 Musharraf Terms Nawaz Sharif ‘Closet Taliban’ ..................................................................................... 29 Wikileak: Shabaz Sharif Tipped Off LeT Before UN Sanctions ................................................................ 30 Nawaz Sharif Brags About 'Old Friendship' With bin Laden ................................................................... 33 Nawaz Sharif was a participant or observer in the following events:.................................................. 34 Spring 1989: ISI and Bin Laden Allegedly Plot to Kill Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto ............. 34 October 1990: Bin Laden Allegedly Helps Install Pakistani Leader Nawaz Sharif ................................... 34 February 1991: Pakistan Supposedly Considers Funding Covert Operations through Drug Money ...... 34 Spring 1993: US Discovers that Ramzi Yousef and KSM Have Ties with ISI ............................................ 35 July 1993: Ramzi Yousef and KSM Attempt to Assassinate Pakistani Prime Minister ............................ 36 Late 1996: Bin Laden Influences Election in Pakistan ............................................................................. 36 Between Late 1996 and Late 1998: Bin Laden Allegedly Pays $1 Million to Pakistani Prime Minister .. 37 May 28, 1998: Pakistan Tests Nuclear Bomb.......................................................................................... 37 December 2, 1998: Clinton Meets Pakistani Leader but Bin Laden Not Top Priority ............................. 38 (December 3, 1998): Clinton, Pakistani Prime Minister Reach Deal on Shutting Down A. Q. Khan, Deal Not Implemented .................................................................................................................................... 39 May 1999: Saudi Defense Minister Visits Khan Research Laboratories ................................................. 39 Shortly Before May 26, 1999: United Arab Emirates Minister Tours Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Site . 39 July 4, 1999: During Regional Crisis, Clinton Threatens to Publicly Expose Pakistan’s Support for Bin Laden ....................................................................................................................................................... 40 October 1999: Joint US-ISI Operation to Kill Osama Falters ................................................................... 41 October 12, 1999: General Musharraf Takes Control of Pakistan .......................................................... 41 September 10, 2007: Pakistani President Musharraf Thwarts Return of Former Prime Minister ......... 42

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Agencies
Nawaz Sharif scandals raised by agencies in Pakistan.

Former DG IB Says N-League against National Interest
He said, ―The political culture (in Pakistan) is infested with the fatal symptoms of selfcentralism, greed, lust for power and instinct of circumventing the democratic principles as well as personality orientation in handling of national issues. ―In this perspective, I had always found the Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) psychologically obsessed about the uniform and the service intelligence. After a series of around six eyebrow-raising meetings between the two, the political romance of yesterday has suddenly turned into envy, with some ground realities, which are much different than being expressed or perceived,‖ he maintained. ―However, the PML-N is one of the national-level political forces and its extensive sudden onslaught is a matter of concern for any Pakistani. Criticism is the democratic right of any political leadership or individual, but the line has to be drawn between criticism and hate-speeches, because such a syndrome attitude by a domestic political force provides fertile hunting ground to foreign forces involved in anti-Army and ISI malicious campaigns. Such a situation is not being taken well by the people at large,‖ the retired brigadier said. ―The grand alliance being talked about in the prevailing scenario is overloaded with serious challenges, covering a wide range of economic problems, national sovereignty and people‘s ever-growing magnitude of socio-economic plight. Such an exercise to destabilise the government outright goes against the national interest. Source: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=7508&Cat=13&dt=7/19 /2011

Anti-Western
The anti-global Nawaz Sharif
Nawaz Sharif has built his entire career on Islamist populism. In 1990 he ran as the candidate for prime minister of the Islamic Democratic Alliance, known as IJI because of its Urdu initials. Sharif became Prime Minister for the first time after a nasty anti-Bhutto and anti-western campaign. Here is what the National Democratic Institute for
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International Affairs (NDI), which sent observers for that election, had to say about that campaign: ―Few substantive political, economic or social issues were debated during the campaign. Even the issuance of manifestos by the competing parties was a proforma affair. The campaign was quickly reduced to a single issue: whether the people supported or opposed the Bhutto family. ―The IJI attacked Benazir Bhutto‘s record in office and emphasized the corruption of her ministers and of her husband, Asif Zardari. Members of the IJI criticized not only Bhutto‘s abilities, but also her right, as a woman, to rule a Muslim state. The PDA appeared disorganized and portrayed itself as a victim of the ‗establishment.‘ It felt harassed by the changes lodged against PDA leaders in the accountability tribunals. ―The most contentious element of the election campaign, and perhaps the most successful from an IJI perspective, was the IJI‘s strategy of tying Benazir and Nasrat Bhutto to the United States and to the so-called ―Indo-Zionist lobby‖ in the U.S. The lobby was portrayed as having close ties to India and Israel, and opposing Pakistan‘s development of a nuclear capability. In particular, the Bhuttos were accused of ―sellingout‖ Pakistan‘s nuclear program. (See Appendix XII) From the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs report titled ―The October 1990 Elections in Pakistan: Report of the International Delegation‖, on page 38.

Bad Governance
Express Tribune: Shahbaz is control freak
Paranoia has its consequences. Punjab Chief Minister (CM) Shahbaz Sharif‘s refusal to trust civil servants beyond a core of a few favorites has resulted in a condition of organizational atrophy and administrative paralysis within the provincial government and even resulted in losses worth billions of rupees to the exchequer. ―Sharif is a classic case of democratic autocracy,‖ said Rai Manzoor Nasir, the president of the Punjab Civil Service Officers Association, a union of government officials in the province.
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Nasir alleges that the provincial government is run by no more than 12 officers whom the CM trusts, with the rest being transferred at whim, often without being given any reason. According to official data examined by The Express Tribune, every departmental head in the province has been transferred, on average, four or five times over the past three years. Punjab civil servants say that the government‘s rules state that each departmental head must serve at least three years in one position, a rule that does not seem to be applied by the Sharif administration. According to sources familiar with the matter, the Punjab government transfers an average of 12 senior officials every day.―I always keep at least one bag packed at all times because I never know when I will be transferred,‖ said one assistant commissioner who wished to remain anonymous. Yet the constant transfers do far more than just create inconveniences for bureaucrats. It raises the cost of running the Punjab government and frequently results in policies being haphazardly applied, which ends up resulting in incomplete development projects and excess expenses that would have been avoided had the government allowed civil servants more time in one position. For instance, by transferring officials at the frequency that it does, the Punjab government is forced to pay travel and daily allowances to officials (to which they are entitled under both federal and provincial law). This raises the cost of salaries for the government.In addition, the lack of stable leadership in government departments results in policies being applied inconsistently, which ends up costing the government more money. For example, six months ago, the excise and taxation department confiscated about 350 vehicles from local governments across the province and auctioned them. Within two months, the department purchased 350 vehicles for its own use at a cost greater than that which it received for auctioning the local governments‘ vehicles. In another case, the Punjab government was unable to complete the Lahore to Sialkot motorway because of the government‘s inability to effectively monitor costs. The project had initially been budgeted to cost Rs23 billion, but was put on hold indefinitely after the cost doubled to Rs46 billion. Meanwhile, many senior officers are bristling at the notion that they are being forced to report to officers several years and ranks their junior. According to some officials, the government‘s decision to violate rules regarding promotions and posts has caused morale to plummet within the civil service. Other provinces are also being affected by the CM‘s attitude towards governance.

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The Punjab government currently has 300 federal district management group officers – the elite within the elite federal civil service – but does not need all of them. Yet it refuses to allow any of them to serve in Balochistan, which only has 19. Quetta is so desperate for DMG officers it is willing to pay double salaries for their services, but Punjab, under Sharif, refuses to let them go. ―The chief minister finds it difficult to work with officers who worked under a dictator [former president Pervez Musharraf],‖ said Senator Pervaiz Rashid, the Punjab government spokesperson.

Bribery
Supreme Court to inquire into Sharif bribe claims
Islamabad, 4 Sept.(AKI) By Syed Saleem Shahzad Pakistan‘s Supreme Court has signalled it will begin inquiring into allegations about a historic deal spearheaded by former prime minister Nawaz Sharif in a bid to protect his office in 1993. The appellate bench of the court will set a date soon for the hearing which will hear claims that Sharif paid seven MPs from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas near the border of Afghanistan.

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The hearing now depends on the Chief Justice of Pakistan and court staff to determine when the case will be heard. ―This is the story of a gambler (Nawaz Sharif) who when he lost the game refused to pay and fled,‖ said Shahid Orakzai, the petitioner, who filed this case in 1997 against the former premier. According to the petition, the case focuses on the ‗horse trading‘ of seven MPs who were allegedly bribed to help Sharif form a majority for Pakistan Muslim League in October 1993 for the election of national assembly speaker which finally set the stage for the election of the leader of the house. Sharif allegedly used Shahid Orakzai as a liaison to approach the MPs from the tribal areas and agreed to pay each of them 2.5 million Pakistani rupees (30,000 dollars) for their support. However, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz failed to secure a majority and its rival Pakistan Peoples Party formed a majority in the parliament. Sharif has been accused of seeking to delay the payment and later refusing to pay a portion of the funds to the MPs who cast their vote in his favour. Former ISI official retired squadron leader Khalid Khawaja has also filed an affidavit in the court confirming that the transactions took place with the MPs through Shahid Orakzai. The case is widely seen as a litmus test for the credibility of the Supreme Court and the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Shahid Orakzai told Adnkronos International in Islamabad. Many will be watching to see whether he fixes an early date for the case, or like previous court orders refuses to hear the case or delay it to protect Sharif. Sharif first became prime minister in 1990 but his government was sacked in April 1993, when president Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly on charges of corruption, nepotism, and extrajudicial killings. Six weeks later, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled that the presidential order was unconstitutional, reconstituting the National Assembly and returning Sharif to power on May 26. The army stepped in asking Sharif to resign and he and the president were forced from office in July 1993.

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In July 2009 Pakistan‘s Supreme Court acquitted Sharif of hijacking charges, removing the final ban on him running for public office. Sharif was found guilty of hijacking then army chief general Pervez Musharraf‘s plane in 1999, when he ordered it to be diverted.

Communalism
Nawaz Sharif Accused in Religious Attacks
Attacks on Christian minorities in Gojra shocked the world over the weekend. As the dust has started to clear, though, accusations are pointing to PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif and his apparent lack of action to stop the attacks. According to today‘s Asia Times, A leading bishop, Almas Hameed Masih, however, takes a different view and he has registered a complaint case with the police against the district‘s entire administration, which was handpicked by the province‘s ruling Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N), led by former premier Nawaz Sharif. …
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Investigations by Asia Times Online indicate that the attackers in Gojra comprised two main groups – Muslim clerics of different schools of thought, and non-political actors including traders‘ associations. The PML-N, the largest political force in the town, appears to have been the binding force, led by local party president Abdul Qadir Awan. … If indeed the PML-N is implicated in the attack on the Christians, one can only speculate on its motives. A few weeks back, Nawaz Sharif created a political storm when he suggested that presidential powers be curtailed. The military‘s General Headquarters in Rawalpindi and a Washington envoy have immediately intervened, warning Sharif against taking any action that could destabilize the government and its battle against the Taliban and al-Qaeda.

Corruption
NAB launches $32 million money laundering scandal inquiry against Nawaz Sharif
ISLAMABAD: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) on Thursday said it has started investigations against the Sahrif brothers in a $32 million money laundering scandal. ―The reference against Sharif brothers was sent by Interior Minister Rehman Malik and it will be decided on merit,‖ NAB spokesman Zafar Iqbal said while addressing a media briefing at the NAB headquarters. Replying to a question about the reports that President Asif Ali Zardari has directed the NAB chairman to initiate an inquiry against the Sharifs and reopen pending cases against them, the spokesman said the president had only directed the NAB chairman to ensure that there was no political victimisation. Malik had earlier claimed he had evidence to prove that the PML-N leaders were involved in laundering $32 million. Iqbal said NAB has so far recovered Rs 2.012 billion from Rental Power Plants (RPPs) on the directives of the Supreme Court (SC). Giving details, he said Rs 109 million were recovered from Pakistan Power House and Walter International, Rs 546 million from
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Techno Engineering, Rs 50 million from Young Generation, Rs 225 million from Gulf company and Rs 100 million from Reshma company. The bureau has recorded the statements of former power minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, Shaukat Tareen and Liaquat Jatoi, but no money has been recovered from them, he said, adding the three will be summoned again if needed. The NAB spokesman said the Interior Ministry has not yet put the names of ministers involved in RPPs‘ case on the Exit Control List (ECL) despite a request by NAB. Responding to a question, he said that nobody has been given clean chit in the case, rather NAB is in the process of recovery from the RPPs. Moreover, the bureau has also sent its teams to inspect the sites of RPPs and teams are busy finalising their reports. Iqbal said NAB was in contact with an army team questioning generals named in NLC corruption reference. source: http://dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2012\05\18\story_18-5-2012_pg1_1

Documents Point To Sharifs $32 Million Corruption Scandal
Following documents have been placed before the Supreme Court and National Accountability Bureau (NAB) alleging Nawaz Sharif involvement in $32 millions corruption scandal.

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Expensive govt land on Murree Road allotted illegally
ISLAMABAD: Government land costing billions of rupees on the Murree Road has allegedly been allotted. While widening the Murree Road in 1998-99, the then Punjab chief minister, who also holds the post now [Shahbaz Sharif], had decided to allot alternate land instead of financial compensation to some of the affected persons. Working swiftly, the Highways Department first got transferred six acres of land on the main Murree Road owned by the Agriculture Department in their own names and then transferred it illegally to fake victims.
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The Revenue department had also declared the allotment illegal six years back. After probe, it was learnt that land was provided to Raja Abdul Latif without any legal justification ignoring the legal claimant Zia Rashid. Likewise, Raja Shafqat, son of Raja Mohammad Siddiq, was also allotted land while the actual claimant, Mohammad Hashim Khan, son of Haji Manzoor Hussain, was ignored. Two other real claimants Mohammad Usman and Jamila Akhtar were also not included in the list. A six-member committee consisting of officials of the Revenue and Highways departments in the light of a detailed report of tehsildar Rawalpindi had ruled that all bogus allotments may be cancelled and the land illegally allotted maybe got vacated. The committee had also ruled that the genuine affected persons may be given alternate lands elsewhere. source: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=12142&Cat=13

Students Protest Corruption of Sharifs
Recent agitation against the Punjab government on the intermediate result fiasco, underscores the growing wedge between the youth and a Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) desperate to woe the younger generation. The protests could not have come at a worse time for the Sharif‘s, who are trying to mobilise the public agai nst the federal government. Following the cancellation of the intermediate exams at four Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) centres in Punjab, students and the youth have raised fingers at the credentials of the Punjab Chief Minister (CM) to mount an anti-corruption campaign against the federal government. The failure of the online examination system across Punjab has sparked anger that now risks the 28 October rally by the Sharif brothers against the federal government, Pakistan Today learnt on Sunday. Students have asked on what grounds are the Sharif brothers taking out a rally against corruption when the education boards in their own province had become the hub of corruption. While the Punjab CM was visiting education institutes to garner support, the cancellation of Inter-1 result at four BISE boards, including Lahore, Gujranwala, Multan and Faisalabad, sparked rage amongst students who chanted slogans against Shahbaz and Nawaz Sharif and set Punjab government advertisements on fire. After his Inter result was cancelled, student Wasif Ali said, “Everytime I find the Punjab CM criticising corruption by the federal government, I want to ask him: what happened at the four BISE boards, Mr CM?” – Wasif Ali

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―Is it because of his love for education that no permanent education minister has been appointed in Punjab,‖ he said, ―the education ministry has failed due to its incompetence and the CM should not expect the youth to turn up at his rally.‖ ―The parents of female students are sitting on roads and chanting slogans against the Punjab government but his government has ordered police to beat up students protesting for their rights. Why should we join him in the rally?‖ Kashif asked. Another intermediate student, Adeel Ahmad said it was ironic the PML-N was holding a rally against corruption when the CM himself was supervising corruption in Punjab. ―While Shahbaz has rightly suspended the BISE Chairman and Controller, no action has been initiated against the man behind the fiasco, BISE It Consultant Dr Majid Naeem, who is related to a PML-leader,‖ Adeel said. He said it was common knowledge that Dr Majid had corruptions cases registered against Majid, who had been terminated from Punjab University on corruption charges. He said the fact that the PML-N was turning a blind eye to Majid‘s corruption, showed their hypocrisy. http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/10/%E2%80%98clean-up-your-own-housefirst%E2%80%99/

Sharifs responsible for energy crisis
KARACHI: The present energy crisis could be linked to perceived myopic policies of former premier and PML-N chief Mian Nawaz Sharif when he ended the energy projects of Thar coal and Keti Bandar initiated by slain premier Benazir Bhutto, Sindh Minister for Information Sharjeel Inam Memon said on Monday. Speaking at a press conference at the New Sindh Secretariat, the minister responding to allegations of Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif said that the then PPP-led government had started work for utilisation of the Thar coal reserves for power generation. He added that the myopic policies of subsequent government led by PML-N resulted in scrapping of the same, otherwise now the country would have been in a position to export power. After coming into power, the present government has revived the Thar coal project and has given preference to small power projects up to 10 megawatts in the country especially in Sindh to overcome the power crisis. He regretted that Sharif rothers tended to do politics on sensitive issues like rain devastation in Sindh province. Memon said that it was not easy task to provide relief of over eight million displaced persons but the government is utilising all available resources for relief and rehabilitation of the victims. The minister claimed that around 40-50pc accumulated rainwater in devastated districts have been drained out, enabling the farmers to sow Rabi (winter) crops like wheat. He
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said it was not advisable for the PML-N leadership to do politics over the rain destruction in Sindh. He also accused the Sharif brothers of committing corruption and earning money through illegal means. He claimed that the PML-N leaders had got billions of rupees loans written off by the banks while recently, Senator Ishaq Dar publicly admitted that money laundering was committed on instructions of Nawaz Sharif when he was prime minister. The Sindh minister also alleged that PML-N chief was speaking the language of the West against Pak Army after killing of al-Qaeda chief, Osama bin Laden on May 2, 2011 in the US operation in Abbottabad. Memon said that Nawaz Sharif had forgotten that he himself was a product of ambitious military generals. He said that the Sharif brothers supported those military generals who perpetrated the dictatorship in the country.

Punjab stuffing PML-N men in govt jobs illegally
ISLAMABAD: Despite a public rhetoric, the Punjab government, too, has informally allowed MPs belonging to the PML-N and the Unification Block of the PML-Q to get their choice candidates appointed to government jobs. Though officially this is denied both at political and bureaucratic levels, information retrieved from a computer of one of provincial departments reflects how almost 110 favourites of lawmakers have been short-listed for appointments in just one office. These appointments are sought in the low scale jobs in BS-1 to BS-5. As per the government rules, these posts are required to be filled through a transparent procedure, but in the case of Agriculture Department, everything has been finalised even before the final interviews of the candidates. In the first week of February 2011, the Punjab Agriculture Research Department advertised almost 133 low scale (BS-1 to BS-5) posts for Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad. It is not clear how many thousands have applied for these jobs, but the computer managed by the institute‘s deputy director administration and accounts Malik Hayat Azad has already finalised a list of almost 110 candidates, all recommended by the local PML-N MPs, against each advertised post. The completion of appointment process though awaits the final interviews is being delayed because of the unavailability of concerned directions, sources in the department insist the list as reflected in the institute‘s computer is final.
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The institute‘s director general, Dr Noorul Islam Khan, when contacted, categorically denied this and assured that all appointments would be made on merit. He said he was not aware of any computer list of final candidates, but explained the public representatives all over the world, even in the United States, do write recommendatory letters. He said parliamentarians in Pakistan do have to take care of their electorate, but it should be ensured that the deserving candidates are not denied their right. His administration officer Malik Hayat Azad, when contacted, also denied that there exists any final list of the candidates for appointments in his computer. However, some credible sources in the department provided The News both soft and hard copies of the list, which contain all the relevant details, including the names of the MPs on whose recommendations the favourites are being appointed. Since the jobs relate to Faisalabad, therefore, the share of these jobs is also distributed among the PML-N and pro-government PML-Q MPs from the same area. The News is also in possession of some of the letters of recommendations sent by the ruling MPs of Punjab to the Ayub Agriculture Research Institute. In one such case, the PML-N MNA and chairman Standing Committee on Textile Industry, Haji Muhammad Akram Ansari, formally sent the list of seven of his favourites to the institute. Most of the recommended candidates are reflected in the final list. According to details, MPs from Faisalabad division include Rana Sanullah, Sardar Dildar Cheema, Akram Ansari, Ajmal Asif, Abid Sher Ali, Raza Nasrullah Ghuman, Zafar Iqbal Nagra, Shafique Gujjar, Kh Muhammad Islam, Rai Muhammad Ijaz, Malik M Nawaz, Shahid Khalil Noor, Rao Kashif Raheem and Dr Khalid Imtiaz Khan Baloch. The names of the recommended candidates include Rustam Ali, Gohar Ali, Arif Hussain, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Asif, Akbar Ali, Makhdoom Sabir, Awais Ashraf, Muhammad Ilyas, Intisarul Hassan, Mehran Maqsood, Muhammad Asif Nadeem, Ashiq Ali, Khalida Bibi, Shamoon Masih, Khalid Iqbal, Munawar Hussain Muhammad Tayyab, Mahmood Tahir Khan, Muhammad Usman Akbar, Sanaullah, Asif s/o Ghulam Jillani, Gulam Mustafa, Sajad Hussain, Faisalur Rehman, Muhammad Awais, Asghar Ali Shah, Habib Ahmad, Mubashar Iqbal, Muhammad Jabar, Pawal Francis, Hamad Ali, Khyzar Hayat, Amjad Hussain, M Tahir Saleem, Javed Iqbal, Sakhawat Ali, Muhammad Dilshad Bajwa, Shahid Mehmood, Rafaqat Ali, Navid Anjum, Tayyab Kamran, Asif Mahmood, Mauhammad Irfan, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Ilyas, Sarfraz, Imran Aleem, Ghazanfar Ali, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar, Shujat Ali, Shah Behram, Hafiz Sajad Jahangir, Asif Masih, Aamar Jamshed, Sajjad Karim, Bismillah Shah, Umar Hayat Ghoori, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhmmad Siddiqi, Ehsanul Haq, Muhammad Nawaz, Muhammad Imran, Faisal Shahzad, Shahzad Imran, Muhammad Qasim, Sohail Ahmad, Muhammad Sufayan, M Ishaq, Amar Mahmood,
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Muhammad Asif, Qurban Ali, Navid Ahmad, Muhammad Afzal, Mumtaz Ali, Usman Tariq, Liaqat Ali, Ikramul Haq, Muhammad Qurban, Wasim Saleem, Zulfiqar Ali, Aftab Alam, Sarfraz Ahmad, Muhammad Navid, Umer Rashid, Muhammad Khalil, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Sajjad, Naeen Gohar, Muhammad Imran, Tariq Hussain and Muhammad Arif. Source: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=6602&Cat=13&dt=6/10 /2011

Sharifs Use Courts To Avoid Paying Fair Share of Taxes
A division bench of the Lahore High Court on Wednesday barred the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) from recovering ―Special Excise Duty‖ from three sugar mills of the Sharif family and directed it to file a reply till June 14. The bench comprising Justice Umar Ata Bandial and Justice Asad Munir, issued the order on an intra court appeal filed by Ittefaq Brothers and Ramzan sugar mills challenging an order of a single bench wherein their writ petition challenging the special excise duty was dismissed. All the three sugar mills belong to Sharif family. Source: http://thenews.jang.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=50346&Cat=2&dt=6/2/2 011

Sharifs are defaulters of nine Pakistani banks
* PML-Q president says PML-N leaders threatened Hamesh Khan after he refused to sanction their loan * Kamil Ali Agha says Monis Elahi has not fled country after Hamesh’s arrest, will return next week LAHORE: Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q) President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain on Sunday alleged that the Sharif brothers had defaulted on nine Pakistani banks and had given death threats to Hamesh Khan after he refused to sanction a loan of Rs 500 million to them during his tenure as the president of the Bank of Punjab (BOP). Addressing a press conference along with other party leaders, including PML-Q Secretary Information Kamil Ali Agha and Chaudhry Zaheeruddin, he said no PML-Q leader owned any property or asset outside of the country, adding that the party did not have foreign bank accounts like the ―corrupt leadership of the ruling party in Punjab‖. A fresh bank statement was also distributed in the press conference, in which it was claimed that the Sharif brothers‘ Ittefaq Group was a defaulter of the BoP , National Bank, Habib Bank, United Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank, Punjab Mudarba Bank, Agriculture Development Bank, PICIC and ICP. The PML-Q leaders also read a
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statement by Hamesh Khan that was filed in the US Department of State, through his lawyers, which said that Punjab Chief Minsiter Shahbaz Sharif had pressurised him (Hamesh) to establish him as an approver against former chief minister Ch Pervaiz Elahi and his son Monis Elahi. They said that Hamesh, the main accused in the BoP and Haris Steel Mills case, had also declared Pervaiz Elahi and Monis Elahi as ―neat and clean personalities‖ because they had not used any unfair means to make money and were not defaulters of any bank, adding that after Hamesh‘s statement, the ―real faces of defaulters and looters of the national exchequer had been exposed‖. ―The Sharif brothers want to establish connections between Hamesh and the Elahi family, but Hamesh‘s statement has rendered any such plans a failure,‖ Shujaat said. Kamil Ali Agha, addressing the press conference, said that the Punjab CM, along with his two sons, Hamza and Salman, had wanted to obtain a loan of $8 million from the BoP, but Hamesh did not sanction the loan. ―In response, they threatened and later started police raids at his home… they even threatened his wife,‖ he said. Return: To a question, Shujaat said that Monis Elahi had not run away from the country after Hamesh was arrested and that ―he was on a personal tour and would return to the country next week‖. Source: http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010\05\17\story_17-52010_pg7_9

Nawaz Sharif Uses Taxpayer Money to Pay Personal Staff
The government of Punjab has been paying the salaries of Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) chief Nawaz Sharif‘s personal staff members, a private TV channel reported on Friday. The channel revealed in its report that the staff members who were being paid by the Punjab government included the PML-N chief‘s Public Relations Officer (PRO) Rai Riaz, his secretary, the cameraman and the photographer. The salary of the PML-N chief‘s PRO and personal secretary is said to be Rs 75,000 each, while his photographer and cameraman are being paid Rs 35,000 each, the channel reported. Nawaz‘s PRO is also working as a consultant at the Directorate General of Public Relations (DGPR). Later on the same channel, Senator Pervaiz Rasheed denied the news, saying that the personal staff of the PML-N chief was not being paid from the provincial exchequer. ―None of them are part of Nawaz Sharif‘s personal team and they are employees of the DGPR,‖ Rasheed said. ―I am the personal PRO of Nawaz Sharif,‖ he added. daily times monitor Source: http://dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010\04\03\story_3-4-2010_pg7_6

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Sharif Controlled Sugar Mill Responsible For Sugar Crisis
Dawn reports that the Sharif family‘s Brother Sugar Mill appears to be responsible for the sugar crisis and hoarding. The government disclosed on Friday the names of three big sugar mills and said they were responsible for the current crisis and hoarding of the commodity.The mills are Tandliawala Sugar Mills, Brother Sugar Mills and Kashmir Sugar Mills. According to the statement, the mills have held back 240,000 tons of the governmentpurchased sugar, creating an artificial shortage in the market. The News reports that Nawaz Sharif‘s sugar mill has stock of over 10,000 tons while sugar prices have reached all-time high of Rs 55-60 per kg. Additional reporting shows that the Sharif family‘s Chaudhry sugar mill has also been implicated in hoarding. According to our Toba Tek Singh correspondent, the district administration on Friday took control of the stocks of Kamalia and Chaudhry sugar mills. Kamalia Sugar Mills is owned by former senator Farooq Ahmad Khan and Chaudhry Sugar Mills by Nawaz Sharif family. An official said Kamalia Sugar Mills‘ stock of 625,000 bags (50kg each) would be sufficient to meet the needs of the district for four months. He said citizens would get the commodity at reduced price of Rs40 per kilo from selected stores and utility stores. He said the stock of Chaudhry Sugar Mills would be supplied to Okara district.

Nawaz Sharif: The Premier of Graft
Back in 1999, Tim Weiner wrote an article titled, Pakistani Report Alleges Graft by ExPremier, for the New York Times: Pakistan‘s deposed Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, skimmed hundreds of millions of dollars from public works, wheat imports, sugar exports and other Government projects, according to detailed records compiled by the nation‘s most prominent criminal investigator. Mr. Sharif, already under investigation by the nation‘s new military Government for obtaining huge unsecured loans from state banks, enriched himself, his family and his friends in Government deals he conducted as Prime Minister, according to evidence compiled by the investigator, Rehman Malik.

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‖He was running the Government like his own private business,‖ Mr. Malik said in an interview. Mr. Malik says he has hundreds of pages of records describing Mr. Sharif‘s use of state power for profit. They appear to document a decade of graft. It began when Mr. Sharif was a rising politician in the 1980′s, grew during his first term as Prime Minister, from 1991 to 1993, when he was dismissed by Pakistan‘s President on corruption charges, and continued in his second term, from 1997 until he was replaced in a military coup two weeks ago, the records show. The record of fleecing that Sharif did included: *At least $160 million pocketed from a contract to build a highway from Lahore, his home town, to Islamabad, the nation‘s capital. The money, he says, was generated by an inflated bid accepted by Mr. Sharif. Mr. Malik says the extra $160 million took the form of a gift to Prime Minister Sharif and his associates. *At least $140 million in unsecured loans from Pakistan‘s state banks, which he says went to finance companies owned or controlled by Mr. Sharif. *More than $60 million generated from Government rebates on sugar exported by mills controlled by Mr. Sharif and his business associates. *At least $58 million skimmed from inflated prices paid for imported wheat from the United States and Canada. My goodness. In fact, In the wheat deal, Mr. Sharif‘s Government paid prices far above market value to a private company owned by a close associate of his in Washington, the records show. Falsely inflated invoices for the wheat generated tens of millions of dollars in cash. The list goes on: Mr. Malik‘s evidence includes several intricate examples of what Mr. Malik calls money laundering through a global network of businesses, banks and bogus transactions from Lahore to London. In one case, he has traced the flow of $7.85 million, including borrowed Government funds, from Mr. Sharif‘s family business, the Ittefaq Group. The money was transferred through money-changers in the open-air bazaars of Peshawar, Pakistan, through five accounts at the Bank of Oman, a Persian Gulf emirate, to 43 members of Mr. Sharif‘s extended family. In another case, Mr. Malik tracked $1.85 million channeled through a Swiss bank to accounts in Washington, London, Pakistan and the British Virgin Islands that he said were controlled by Mr. Sharif, his family and his friends.

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And in a third case, he said, Mr. Sharif engineered Government policy for profit. Last year, Mr. Sharif‘s Government, desperately seeking foreign currency, exported 350,000 tons of sugar to India. To spur the exports, the Government offered a rebate to sugar manufacturers of about 10 cents a pound. There was a catch: the sugar would have to be exported by rail. The Government runs the railroads. And when the trains were ready to be loaded, at least 90 percent of the rail cars were reserved for sugar produced by companies controlled by Mr. Sharif and his business associates, Mr. Malik said.

Judiciary
Sharifs Double Game With CJ Restoration Exposed
KARACHI: Even as PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif was rallying street support by publicly refusing to back down from demands for the restoration of Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry in February and March 2009, the party was privately telling American diplomats that the future of the then-non-functional chief justice was up for negotiation. ―Shahbaz stated that following the restoration, the PML-N was prepared to end the issue and remove Chaudhry once and for all,‖ reported Lahore Consulate Principal Officer Bryan Hunt in a secret American diplomatic cable describing his meeting with the younger Sharif on March 14, 2009. ―On the issue of former Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, Shahbaz claimed that the PML N was open to negotiation, provided that Chaudhry was symbolically restored.‖ The conversation took place just a day before Nawaz Sharif wo uld join a lawyers‘ long march in a dramatic public protest for the reinstatement of judges deposed by Gen Musharraf, a demand that President Zardari had been resisting. In private, however, a different story was being told. ―Shahbaz stressed that his party could not afford the political humiliation of abandoning what had become a long-standing principle in favour of Chaudhry‘s restoration,‖ Mr Hunt reported. ―At the same time, Shahbaz claimed to understand that Chaudhry was a problematic jurist, whose powers would need to be carefully curtailed.‖

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Shahbaz Sharif strategised that as a judge who had taken oath under Gen Musharraf‘s first provisional constitutional order, Chaudhry could be removed – once ―some sort of face-saving restoration‖ had been carried out – ―by adopting legislation proposed in the Charter of Democracy that would ban all judges who had taken an oath under a PCO from serving.‖ A week earlier, in another meeting at the Lahore consulate, Shahbaz Sharif hadproposed an alternative solution: creating the Constitutional Court envisioned in the Charter of Democracy and ensuring that ―it be made superior to the Supreme Court. Iftikhar Chaudhry‘s restoration … would then have little measurable impact, as the Constitutional Court, staffed by appointees from both parties, could nullify his decisions.‖ Even before the restoration, Shahbaz Sharif confided, the PML-N leadership would agree to any constraints President Zardari might want placed on Chaudhry, ―including curtailment of his powers to create judicial benches, removal of his suo motu jurisdiction, and/or establishment of a constitutional court as a check on the Supreme Court.‖ ―Although Nawaz publicly has said Chaudhry‘s restoration is also a red line,‖commented US Ambassador Anne Patterson in a separate report, ―no leader in Pakistan really wants an activist and unpredictable Chief Justice. … Nawaz emerges stronger in the public eye and retains the ‗high moral ground‘ by defending the judiciary.‖ As late as January 22, in fact, PML-N leader Khawaja Saad Rafique had told Mr Hunt that a minimum requirement for saving the coalition with the PPP in Punjab was ―full retirement of Chief Justice Hameed Dogar and appointment of Justice Sardar Raza in his place.‖ Chaudhry did not seem to have been a concern. But by March 2009 he had become the PML-N‘s rallying cry, and the timing clearly had to do with political developments at the time: a February 25 Supreme Court decision had declared the Sharif brothers ineligible for office, and the president had imposed governor‘s rule in Punjab. ―Nawaz and Shahbaz Sharif told Principal Officer Lahore that the decision [to declare them ineligible to hold public office], which they claimed was entirely Zardari‘s, was a declaration of war; they would … take their battle to the streets. Following the decision, PML-N certainly will participate in the lawyers‘ march,‖ reported a February 2009 cable previously published in the media. ―Before the Court ruling, ‗95 per cent of the party‘ had opposed joining the lawyers‘ March 16 sit-in because it might lead to violence,‖ Opposition Leader Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan revealed privately in a separate conversation at the US embassy.
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―Now, the party had little choice but to support them.‖ Cables referenced: WikiLeaks # 196903, 195758, 196939, 188203, 193807, 194540. All cables are available on Dawn.com. SOURCE: http://www.dawn.com/2011/05/20/shahbaz-was-willing-to-have-cj-removedafter-face-saving-restoration.html

Nawaz’s secret dash to Dubai
PML-N President, Mian Nawaz Sharif, made an unannounced dash to Dubai Thursday afternoon and returned to Pakistan the same evening. The visit was kept completely under wraps and even the senior most party leaders had no idea that their leader had gone missing from the country for a few hours. According to a source, Mr. Sharif also held an ―important meeting lasting a couple of hours‖ with some undisclosed individuals; however no further details were available on this count and could not be confirmed by another independent source. According to details, Nawaz Sharif landed in Dubai late afternoon and drove straight to the residence of Senator Ishaq Dar, whose son is married to Nawaz Sharif‘s daughter. When contacted, Senator Pervez Rashid (PML-N) insisted that there was nothing unusual or ―mysterious‖ about the visit and that Mr. Sharif had gone to Dubai to meet his daughter and to deal with some family matters. Responding to another query he said, ―Mian sahib had planned this private visit for a while but we (party leadership) had asked him to postpone it because of the evolving political situation here at home. Now he felt that he could afford to take out a few hours for this visit,‖ adding, ―Please do not read anything into a simple private family visit‖. When asked about the need to keep the visit a secret, Senator Rashid shrugged off the assertion by saying, ―It was a private visit, that‘s why‖. It may be recalled that in the past however, every time Mr. Sharif went on a ‗private‘ visit either to the UK or the UAE, maximum media coverage was always ensured by his political aides and respectable sized reception parties were assembled at the destination airports. Why this past tradition was suddenly abandoned and a blanket of secrecy thrown over the visit, only time will tell. SOURCE: http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=9538&Cat=13

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Taxes
N-League Refuses To Pay Proper Taxes For Billboards
The Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz‘s (PML-N) Punjab government is causing a loss of millions of rupees to the national exchequer, as all political billboards of the party are installed without paying a single penny to the Parks and Horticulture Authority (PHA) and most of them violate the PHA Outdoor Publicity Policy framed to regularise outdoor advertisement in 2008, Pakistan Today has learnt. Since the PML-N, led by Shahbaz Sharif, assumed power in Punjab in 2008, outsized billboards bearing big pictures of PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif, ministers and parliamentarians were installed on roads, rooftops and even in residential areas while all of them are untaxed and defy rules. According to Punjab Gazette, copy of which is available with Pakistan Today, PHA laid down regulations in exercise of the power conferred under Section 44 of the Punjab Development of Cities Act 1976 with government notification No SO (P)-3-4/98 on September 21, 1998 when Shahbaz was enjoying his first stint as Punjab CM. The regulations ban all sort of billboards on roadside areas and rooftops that could disturb the skyline. They also prohibit installation of billboards in residential localities. But a political billboard is placed on one side of the residence of Punjab Excise and Taxation Minister Mujtaba Shujaur Rehman at Cooper Store Locality near GT Road. Some hoardings carrying pictures of the PML-N leadership are affixed on an iron-made gate at the Garhi Shahu Bridge. Some billboards showcasing snaps of PML-N Member of the National Assembly (MNA) and Shahbaz‘s son Hamza Shahbaz are installed on the rooftop at a building near the Lahore Hotel. Adding insult to injury, all of them were installed without the formal permission of PHA. ―Their presence in different parts of the city is mocking the Punjab government, which loves to talk about merit, impartiality, good governance and treating everyone, including itself, equal in compliance of law,‖ a senior PHA official told Pakistan Today. PHA Additional Director General Captain (r) Usman Younis said that he did not know
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anything about the issue, as he recently assumed office. Now, he has been tasked to renovate and establish parks on directions of PHA Director General (DG) Abdul Jabbar Shaheen. Younis said that he would look into the matter. A senior PHA official told Pakistan Today that the Punjab government had deliberately kept the issue of political advertisement out of PHA regulations. ―Although there are other political billboards of various political parties, including the Pakistan Peop le‘s Party (PPP), but the real beneficiary is the PML-N, which has spread the billboards for blitz publicity,‖ he added. At the time of outlining the outdoor publicity policy, PHA officials suggested to tax political outdoor advertisement including billboards, hoardings, streamers and banners, another official said. ―They opined that inclusion of recommendations had to rack up bumper revenue. But the issue was put on the backburner on the plea that it would open a new pandora box,‖ he added. An official of the marketing department said that political parties, including the PML-N and the PPP, were not paying advertisement charges to the PHA for displaying billboards and other publicity stuff, as the outdoor publicity policy was silent in this regard. ―Political parities put up billboards and banners whenever they have to welcome their leaders in their areas, sing praises of leadership steps, celebrate special occasions and stage protests. They spend huge money on preparation and installation of advertisement stuff but never pay a single penny to PHA to help increase revenue,‖ he added. ―We also cannot pull down outdoor publicity stuff of lawyers and journalists. We requested a private TV channel to remove rooftop billboards but had to face threats,‖ the official said. Some months ago, Shahbaz ordered to launch a campaign to remove all billboards from the city. The CM had instructed the PHA to get all billboards removed considering them a threat to the beauty and life of the people. PHA also planned to convert Mall Road into a free-board zone by removing all advertisement billboards erected on either side of the road to restore its original beauty. The numbers of billboards were also reduced to maintain skyline of the city. PHA claimed to have removed all billboards installed in violation of the publicity policy but political hoardings remained untouched. Source: http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/05/it%E2%80%99s-free-publicity-forthe-sharifs/

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Terrorism
The Punjabi Taliban
Punjab, with Lahore as its bustling capital, contains half of Pakistan‘s population. The provincial government is in the hands of the conservative, mildly Islamist party of a former prime minister, Nawaz Sharif. In a speech in March his brother, Shahbaz Sharif, who is chief minister, pleaded with the Taliban to leave Punjab alone as his administration shared their ideology of keeping out ―foreign dictation‖ (ie, Americans). Officials bristle at comparisons between Punjab, which is moderately well run, and the lawless tribal areas. It is correct to say that there has been no territorial takeover by extremists in any part of the province, nor any enforcement of Islamic law. However, Punjab functions as an ideological nursery and recruiting ground for militants throughout the country. Distinctions between the Taliban in the north-west and older jihadi groups in Punjab have broken down. The federal government says Punjabi groups have been responsible for most of the big terrorist attacks in the province. Punjab‘s minister of law, Rana Sanaullah, went on the campaign trail in February with the reputed head of Sipah-e-Sahaba, for a by-election in the southern town of Jhang. The two rode through the streets in an open-top vehicle. The minister says that he was just trying to bring the group into the mainstream. Jhang is Sipah-e-Sahaba‘s headquarters; the group makes little effort to hide its presence there. Another outfit, Jaish-e-Mohammed, is based in Bahawalpur, also in southern Punjab, where it has a huge seminary. Former members of both organisations are integral parts of the Pakistani Taliban. Another group, Lashkar-e-Taiba, blamed for the devastating attack on Mumbai in 2008, also has Punjab as its home. ―The Punjab government is not only complacent, there is a certain ambivalence in their attitude‖ towards extremists, says Arif Nizami, a political analyst based in Lahore. ―They compete for the religious vote bank.‖ Source: http://www.economist.com/node/16281220

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Terrorist Kingpin on Sharif Payroll
LAHORE: Malik Ishaq enjoyed Punjab government‘s financial assistance ever since the Sharif‘s came to power in 2008, officials on condition of anonymity told The Express Tribune. The accused terror kingpin belonging to banned Sunni outfit Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), nominated in 44 cases in which 70 people were killed, allegedly received a monthly stipend, during imprisonment, from the Punjab government. Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah confirmed the disbursement but clarified that it was given to Ishaq‘s family, not him, as per orders of the court. However, upon further investigation, it was revealed that nor was there any such disbursements during former president Musharraf‘s tenure, nor was there any court order pertaining to the matter. Source: http://tribune.com.pk/story/210827/lejs-malik-received-monthly-stipend-frompunjab-govt/

Musharraf Terms Nawaz Sharif ‘Closet Taliban’
―I call Nawaz Sharif a closet Taliban. He‘s a man who is — who has been — in contact with Taliban. He is a man who, today, appeases the clerics and mawlawis [Sunni Islamic scholars] — the extremists,‖ ‗Foreign Policy‘ quoted Musharraf, as saying in an exclusive interview. ―Moreover, he (Sharif) has tried [his hand at leadership as prime minister] twice in the past — and he has failed. Why are we giving him a third chance to destroy Pakistan‖ Source: http://www.indianexpress.com/news/musharraf-calls-nawaz-sharif-closettaliban/734685/

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Wikileak: Shabaz Sharif Tipped Off LeT Before UN Sanctions

Shahbaz, are we now caught?!? Pakistan‗s president alleged that the brother of Pakistan‘s opposition leader, Nawaz Sharif, ―tipped off‖ the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) about impending UN sanctions following the 2008 Mumbai attacks, allowing the outfit to empty its bank accounts before they could be raided. Six weeks after LeT gunmen killed more than 170 people in Mumbai, President Asif Ali Zardari told the US of his ―frustration‖ that Sharif‘s government in Punjab province helped the group evade new UN sanctions. A month earlier, Shahbaz Sharif, who is chief minister of Punjab, ―tipped off‖ the Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), LeT‘s charity wing, ―resulting in almost empty bank accounts‖, Zardari claimed in a conversation with the US ambassador to Islamabad, Anne Patterson. US diplomats were unable to confirm the allegation and noted that they came at a time of rising political tension between Zardari and Sharif. But they conceded that JuD did appear to have received a warning from somewhere. ―Information from the ministry of the interior does indicate that bank accounts contained surprisingly small amounts,‖ said the cable in January 2009. A Punjab government spokesman vigorously denied the charge. ―There‘s nothing true in it,‖ said senator Pervaiz Rashid, an adviser to Sharif. ―Zardari is our political opponent and he wants to topple our government.‖ Sharif couldn‘t have known about the UN sanctions, he said, because the UN co -ordinated its action with the federal government and not the provincial one.

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The accusation, which has never been publicly aired, is one of several dramas that unfolded behind the scenes after the November 2008 attacks, now revealed by the embassy cables. US diplomats and CIA spies found themselves playing the role of harried intermediaries to prevent Pakistan and India from going to war. One week after the bloodbath an Indian official said his government was distinguishing between Pakistan‘s civilian government, ―which India believed was not involved in the attacks‖, and the Inter Services Intelligence agency (ISI). We are not yet ready to give ISI a clean chit,‖ he said. Four weeks later the US embassy grew alarmed by Indian plans to release a ―sanitised‖ intelligence dossier that, they feared, could scupper intelligence sharing or thwart efforts to prevent a second attack. ―There are still Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) sleeper and other cells in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan, as well as many law enforcement leads which need to be pursued,‖ the note said. Pakistan‘s generals, usually antagonistic towards India, appeared unusually conciliatory. Six weeks after the attack Pakistan‘s army chief, General Ashfaq Kayani, said he was ―determined to exercise restraint in his actions with India‖. ―If there is any clue about another attack,‖ he told General David Petraeus at his Rawalpindi headquarters, ―please share it with us.‖ His intelligence chief, General Shuja Pasha, went even further, acting as a regional fixer for some of his most bitter enemies. In late 2009 Pasha travelled to Oman and Iran to ―follow up on reports he received in Washington about a terrorist attack on India―. He sent warnings to Israel – a country that Pakistan does not officially recognise – ―about information about attacks against Israeli targets in India‖. Earlier in the year, he reminded Patterson, information about a second attack on India had ―come his way‖, which he conveyed to Delhi via the CIA. The cables suggest Pakistan‘s ardour for bringing the alleged Mumbai masterminds to justice appears to have wilted as time went on. The secretive trial of Lashkar leader Zakhi ur Rehman Lakhvi and six other suspects ―is proceeding, though at a slow pace‖, US diplomats noted in February. The secretive trial of Lashkar leader Zakhi ur Rehman Lakhvi, and six other suspects ―is proceeding, though at a slow pace‖ last in February 2010.

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ThePakistan‘s Inter-Service Intelligence agency (ISI) refused access to Abdur Rehman Syed, a retired army major and alleged LeT accomplice. Instead the FBI was told it could ―submit questions for Syed through the ISI‖. American officials say there is ―no smoking gun tying the Mumbai LeT operation to ISI‖ but are less sure if the spy agency has, as promised, cut all its ties. ―Despite arrests of key LeT/JuD leaders and closure of some of their camps, it is unclear if the ISI has finally abandoned its policy of using these proxy forces as a foreign policy tool,‖ notes a briefing to the US special envoy Richard Holbrooke in February 2009. Dealing with LeT has long been a vexed issue for American diplomats in Pakistan. In March 2006 the US ambassador Ryan Crocker requested the US government to delay by two weeks the designation of JuD. American helicopters were still delivering aid to earthquake victims in Kashmir, he explained, and they risked attack if still in the area when the designation was approved. That same month, embassy officials met with Pakistan foreign office director Tasneem Aslam, who told her that Pakistan had ―no evidence‖ linking JuD to terrorism – a conclusion US officials judged ―dubious‖. Later, in November 2007, the US ambassador presented the foreign secretary, Riaz Khan, with evidence that senior government ministers were publicly helping militant groups, including a declaration from the ministry of defence parliamentary secretary ―that he was proud to be a member of LeT and that he seeks to extend support to jihadi organisations when they seek his ‗co-operation.‘‖ ―Each of these reports is disturbing in itself, the ambassador said, as they seriously damage Pakistan‘s image in the international community.‖ Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/dec/01/wikileaks-cables-mumbai-attackssanctions

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Nawaz Sharif Brags About 'Old Friendship' With bin Laden
In a country of 175 million, replete with some 15 million politico-religious extremists, opportunities for a positive geopolitical paradigm shifts are rare. Punjab‘s Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, brother of Pakistan‘s principal opposition figure Nawaz Sha rif, tried to wreck this one by suggesting Taliban work out a ―separate peace‖ with Punjab province. ―Cease targeting Punjab,‖ he said and focus on the other three provinces. Mercifully, there was a nationwide outcry against the wacky suggestion. Kayani summoned him and upbraided him in language he won‘t soon forget. But this didn’t deter Nawaz Sharif from bragging about his “old friendship” with Osama bin Laden. Source: http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Analysis/2010/03/22/Commentary-Pakistansabout-face/UPI-75151269262379/

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Nawaz Sharif was a participant or observer in the following events:
Spring 1989: ISI and Bin Laden Allegedly Plot to Kill Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Hamid Gul, Nawaz Sharif, and Osama bin Laden conspire to assassinate Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. Husein Haqqani, a Pakistani journalist who claims to have been involved in the plot, will later say that ISI Director Hamid Gul contacted Osama bin Laden, who was then known to provide financial support to Afghan mujaheddin, to pay for a coup/assassination of Bhutto. Gul also brings Nawaz Sharif, then the governor of Punjab province and a rival of Bhutto, into the plot. Bin Laden agrees to provide $10 million on the condition that Sharif transforms Pakistan into a strict Islamic state, which Sharif accepts. [Levy and Scott-Clark, 2007, pp. 193-194] Bhutto is not assassinated at this time, but bin Laden allegedly helps Sharif replace Bhutto one year later (see October 1990).

October 1990: Bin Laden Allegedly Helps Install Pakistani Leader Nawaz Sharif
In October 1990, Nawaz Sharif is running for election to replace Benazir Bhutto as the prime minister of Pakistan. According to a senior Pakistani intelligence source, bin Laden passes a considerable amount of money to Sharif and his party, since Sharif promises to introduce a hard-line Islamic government. Bin Laden has been supporting Sharif for several years. There is said to be a photograph of Sharif chatting with bin Laden. Sharif wins the election and while he does not introduce a hard-line Islamic government, his rule is more amenable to bin Laden‘s interests than Bhutto‘s had bee n. Sharif will stay in power until 1993, then will take over from Bhutto again in 1996 and rule for three more years. [Reeve, 1999, pp. 170-171] Former ISI official Khalid Khawaja, a self-proclaimed close friend of bin Laden, will later claim that Sharif and bin Laden had a relationship going back to when they first met face to face in the late 1980s. [ABC News, 11/30/2007] There are also accounts of additional links between Sharif and bin Laden (see Spring 1989, Late 1996, and Between Late 1996 and Late 1998).

February 1991: Pakistan Supposedly Considers Funding Covert Operations through Drug Money
Pakistan‘s army chief and the head of the ISI, its inte lligence agency, propose to sell heroin to pay for the country‘s covert operations, according to Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan‘s prime minister at the time. Sharif claims that shortly after becoming prime minister, army chief of staff Gen. Aslam Beg and ISI director Gen. Asad Durrani present him with a
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plan to sell heroin through third parties to pay for covert operations that are no longer funded by the CIA, now that the Afghan war is over. Sharif claims he does not approve the plan. Sharif will make these accusations in 1994, one year after he lost an election and became leader of the opposition. Durrani and Beg will deny the allegations. Both will have retired from these jobs by the time the allegations are made. The Washington Post will comment in 1994, ―It has been rumored for years that Pakistan‘s military has been involved in the drug trade. Pakistan‘s army, and particularly its intelligence agency… is immensely powerful and is known for pursuing its own agenda.‖ The Post will further note that in 1992, ―A consultant hired by the CIA warned that drug corruption had permeated virtually all segments of Pakistani society and that drug kingpins were closely connected to the country‘s key institutions of power, including the president and military intelligence agencies.‖ [Washington Post, 9/12/1994]

Spring 1993: US Discovers that Ramzi Yousef and KSM Have Ties with ISI
US agents uncover photographs showing Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (KSM) has ties with the Pakistani ISI. Several weeks after the World Trade Center bombing (see February 26, 1993), US agents come to Pakistan to search for Ramzi Yousef for his part in that bombing. Searching the house of Zahid Shaikh Mohammed, Yousef‘s uncle, they find photographs of Zahid and KSM, who is also one of Yousef‘s uncles, with close associates of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. [Financial Times, 2/15/2003] According to another account, the pictures actually show Zahid with Sharif, and also with Muhammad Zia ul-Haq, president of Pakistan until his death in 1988. [Jacquard, 2002, pp. 66] Pictures of Osama bin Laden are also found. US agents are unable to catch Yousef because Pakistani agents tip him off prior to the US raids. Yousef is able to live a semi-public life (for instance, he attends weddings), despite worldwide publicity naming him as a major terrorist. The Financial Times will later note that Yousef, KSM, and their allies ―must have felt confident that their ties to senior Pakistani Islamists, whose power had been cemented within the country‘s intelligence service [the ISI], would prove invaluable.‖ [Financial Times, 2/15/2003] Several months later, Yousef and KSM unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate Benazir Bhutto, who is prime minister of Pakistan twice in the 1990s (see July 1993). She is an opponent of Sharif and the ISI. [Slate, 9/21/2001; Guardian, 3/3/2003] The Los Angeles Times will later report that KSM ―spent most of the 1990s in Pakistan. Pakistani leadership through the 1990s sympathized with Osama bin Laden‘s fundamentalist rhetoric. This sympathy allowed [him] to operate as he pleased in Pakistan.‖ [Los Angeles Times, 6/24/2002]

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July 1993: Ramzi Yousef and KSM Attempt to Assassinate Pakistani Prime Minister
Ramzi Yousef and his uncle Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (KSM) unsuccessfully try to assassinate Behazir Bhutto, the leader of the opposition in Pakistan at the time. Yousef, with his friend Abdul Hakim Murad, plan to detonate a bomb near Bhutto‘s home as she is leaving it. However, they are stopped by a police patrol. Yousef had hidden the bomb when the police approached, and after they left the bomb is accidentally set off, severely injuring him. [Ressa, 2003, pp. 25] KSM is in Pakistan at the time and will visit Yousef in the hospital, but his role in the bombing appears to be limited to funding it. [Ressa, 2003, pp. 25; Guardian, 3/3/2003] Bhutto had been prime minister in Pakistan before and will return to power later in 1993 until 1996. She will later claim, ―As a moderate, progressive, democratically elected woman prime minister of Pakistan, I was a threat to the fundamentalist zealots on multiple levels…‖ She claims they had ―the support of sympathetic elements within Pakistan‘s security apparatus,‖ a reference to the ISI intelligence agency. [Slate, 9/21/2001] This same year, US agents uncover photographs showing KSM with close associates of previous Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, Bhutto‘s main political enemy at the time. Presumably, this failed assassination will later give KSM and Yousef some political connection and cover with the political factions opposed to Bhutto (see Spring 1993). Sharif will serve as prime minister again from 1997 to 1999. [Financial Times, 2/15/2003]

Late 1996: Bin Laden Influences Election in Pakistan
Not long after bin Laden moves back to Afghanistan (see After May 18, 1996September 1996), he tries to influence an election in Pakistan. Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan, is running for reelection against Nawaz Sharif, who had been prime minister earlier in the 1990s. (Bin Laden apparently helped Sharif win in 1990 (see October 1990).) ―According to Pakistani and British intelligence sources, bin Laden traveled into Pakistan to renew old acquaintances within the ISI, and also allegedly met or talked with‖ Sharif. Sharif wins the election. Bhutto will later claim that bin Laden used a variety of means to ensure her defeat and undermine her. She will mention one instance where bin Laden allegedly gave $10 million to some of her opponents. Journalist Simon Reeve will later point out that while Bhutto claims could seem selfserving, ―her claims are supported by other Pakistani and Western intelligence sources.‖ [Reeve, 1999, pp. 188-189] It will later be reported that double agent Ali Mohamed told the FBI in 1999 that bin Laden gave Sharif $1 million at some point while Sharif was prime minister (see Between Late 1996 and Late 1998). There are also reports that bin Laden helped Sharif become prime minister in 1990 (see October 1990). While Sharif will not support the radical Islamists as much as they had hoped, they will have less conflict with him that they did with Bhutto. For instance, she assisted in the arrest of

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Ramzi Yousef (see February 7, 1995), who had attempted to assassinate her (see July 1993).

Between Late 1996 and Late 1998: Bin Laden Allegedly Pays $1 Million to Pakistani Prime Minister
According to FBI agent Jack Cloonan, in 1999, imprisoned double agent Ali Mohamed will tell Cloonan that he helped arrange a meeting between bin Laden and representatives of Nawaz Sharif, who is prime minister of Pakistan from 1990 through 1993 and again from 1996 to 1999. Mohamed claims that after the meeting he delivered $1 million to Sharif‘s representatives as a tribute to Sharif for ―not cracking down on the Taliban as it flourished in Afghanistan and influenced the Northwest Frontier Province in Pakistan.‖ It is unknown when this took place, but it is likely between late 1996, when the Taliban gain control over much of Afghanistan and Sharif as prime minister would have been in a position to crack down against them or not, and late 1998, when Mohamed is arrested in the US (see September 10, 1998). Cloonan will later say that he believes the information from Mohamed is accurate. [ABC News, 11/30/2007] There have been other allegations that Sharif met bin Laden in 1996 and used his help to win the election for prime minister (see Late 1996), and also allegations that bin Laden helped Sharif win the election for prime minister in 1990 (see Late 1996).

May 28, 1998: Pakistan Tests Nuclear Bomb

Pakistan‘s first nuclear test take place underground but shakes the mountains above it. [Source: Associated Press]Pakistan conducts a successful nuclear test. Former Clinton administration official Karl Inderfurth later notes that concerns about an Indian-Pakistani conflict, or even nuclear confrontation, compete with efforts to press Pakistan on terrorism. [US Congress, 7/24/2003] Pakistan actually built its first nuclear weapon in 1987 but kept it a secret and did not test it until this time for political reasons (see 1987). In announcing the tests, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif declares, ―Today, we have settled the score.‖ [New York Times, 5/4/2003]
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December 2, 1998: Clinton Meets Pakistani Leader but Bin Laden Not Top Priority

Nawaz Sharif meeting with US Defense Secretary William Cohen at the Pentagon on December 3, 1998. [Source: US Department of Defense]Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif comes to Washington to meet with President Clinton and other top Clinton administration officials. The number one issue for Clinton is Pakistan‘s nuclear program, since Pakistan had recently illegally developed and exploded a nuclear weapon (see May 28, 1998). The second most important issue is Pakistan‘s economy; the US wants Pakistan to support free trade agreements. The third most important issue is terrorism and Pakistan‘s support for bin Laden. Author Steve Coll will later note, ―When Clinton himself met with Pakistani leaders, his agenda list always had several items, and bin Laden never was at the top. Afghanistan‘s war fell even further down.‖ Sharif proposes to Clinton that the CIA train a secret Pakistani commando team to capture bin Laden. The US and Pakistan go ahead with this plan, even though most US officials involved in the decision believe it has almost no chance for success. They figure there is also little risk or cost involved, and it can help build ties between American and Pakistani intelligence. The plan will later come to nothing (see October 1999). [Coll, 2004, pp. 441-444]

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(December 3, 1998): Clinton, Pakistani Prime Minister Reach Deal on Shutting Down A. Q. Khan, Deal Not Implemented
US President Bill Clinton and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reach an agreement on co-operation between their countries. According to a deal offered by Clinton, the US will refund Pakistan most of the $470 million it owes for a group of F-16 fighters ordered and paid for by Pakistan but never delivered (see August-September 1989). In return, Clinton asks Sharif to close down Pakistani nuclear proliferator A. Q. Khan and his operations, as well as training camps for radical Islamists in Afghanistan that are supported by Pakistan. However, Sharif does not fulfill his end of the bargain, and the Pakistani government continues to support both Khan and the training camps. According to authors Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark, Sharif thinks he can get away with the inaction because of Clinton‘s preoccupation with the Monica Lewinsky sex scandal and the US‘s generally permissive attitude to Pakistani nuclear weapons. [Levy and Scott-Clark, 2007, pp. 286]

May 1999: Saudi Defense Minister Visits Khan Research Laboratories
Saudi Defense Minister Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud visits Pakistan and receives a tour of Khan Research Laboratories in Kahuta. Prince Sultan is accompanied on the tour by Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The laboratories are the key facility in Pakistan‘s nuclear weapons program. [Levy and Scott-Clark, 2007, pp. 286]

Shortly Before May 26, 1999: United Arab Emirates Minister Tours Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Site
Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) minister for information, tours Pakistan. He meets with Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and nuclear scientist A. Q. Khan. He is also shown around Khan Research Laboratories, the main facility for producing nuclear weapons in Pakistan. According to the Pakistani newspaper Jasarat, the visit is directly linked to nuclear activities: ―Prince Abdullah bin Zayed also asked Dr. Qadeer Khan what help he could give them. Dr. Qadeer replied that Pakistan would not present the atomic bomb or a missile on a platter but could train UAE manpower.‖ [Levy and Scott-Clark, 2007, pp. 286-287]

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July 4, 1999: During Regional Crisis, Clinton Threatens to Publicly Expose Pakistan’s Support for Bin Laden

Nawaz Sharif [Source: Publicity photo]In early May 1999, the Pakistani army, at the instigation of Gen. Pervez Musharraf, seizes a strategic height called Kargil in the Indian province of Kashmir. This creates a grave crisis between Pakistan in India. By early July, the CIA picks up intelligence that Pakistan is preparing to launch nuclear missiles against India if necessary. Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif comes to the US on July 4 to meet with President Clinton about this. Clinton is livid and yells at Sharif for breaking promises, not only about Kashmir but also about failing to help with bin Laden. According to notes taken at the meeting, Clinton says he had ―asked repeatedly for Pakistani help to bring Osama bin Laden to justice… [Sharif] promised often to do so but had done nothing. Instead, the ISI worked with bin Laden and the Taliban to foment terrorists.‖ Clinton threatens to release a statement calling worldwide attention to Pakistan‘s support for terrorists. He adds, ―You‘ve put me in the middle today, set the US up to fail, and I won‘t let it happen. Pakistani is messing with nuclear war.‖ Sharif backs down and immediately withdraws his troops from Kargil, ending the crisis. But as a result, Sharif becomes deeply unpopular in Pakistan. A few months later he will be ousted in a coup by Musharraf (see October 12, 1999), the general who started the crisis in the first place. [Coll, 2004, pp. 476-478]

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October 1999: Joint US-ISI Operation to Kill Osama Falters
The CIA readies an operation to capture or kill bin Laden, secretly training and equipping approximately 60 commandos from the Pakistani ISI. Pakistan supposedly agrees to this plan in return for the lifting of economic sanctions and more economic aid. [Washington Post, 10/3/2001] Pakistan proposed the plan in December 1998 (see December 2, 1998). US officials were said to be ―deeply cynical‖ of the plan, knowing that Pakistani intelligence was allied with bin Laden (see Autumn 1998). They figured that if Pakistan really wanted bin Laden captured or killed, they could just tell the US when and where he would be, but Pakistan never revealed this kind of information. But the US went ahead with the plan anyway, figuring it held little risk and could help develop intelligence ties with Pakistan. [Coll, 2004, pp. 442-444] After months of training, the commando team is almost ready to go by this month. However, the plan is aborted because on October 12, General Musharraf takes control of Pakistan in a coup (see October 12, 1999). Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ties to use the commando team to protect himself during the coup, but the team dissolves rather than fight on what they judge to be the losing side. Musharraf refuses to reform the team or continue any such operation against bin Laden despite the promise of substantial rewards. [Washington Post, 10/3/2001; Coll, 2004, pp. 442-444, 478-480] Some US officials later say the CIA was tricked, that the ISI just feigned to cooperate as a stalling tactic, and never intended to get bin Laden. [New York Times, 10/29/2001]

October 12, 1999: General Musharraf Takes Control of Pakistan

Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. [Source: Government of Pakistan]Gen. Pervez Musharraf becomes leader of Pakistan in a coup, ousting Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. One major reason for the coup is the ISI (Pakistan‘s intelligence agency) felt Sharif had to go ―out of fear that he might buckle to American pressure and reverse Pakistan‘s policy [of supporting] the Taliban.‖ [New York Times, 12/8/2001] Shortly thereafter,
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Musharraf replaces the leader of the ISI, Brig Imtiaz, because of his close ties to the previous leader. Imtiaz is arrested and convicted of ―having assets disproportionate to his known sources of income.‖ It is later revealed that he was keeping tens of millions of dollars earned from heroin smuggling in a Deutsche Bank account. [Financial Times, 8/10/2001] Lieutenant General Mahmood Ahmed, a close ally of Musharraf, is instrumental in the success of the coup. Ahmed actually secured the capital and detained Sharif, but then honored the chain of command and stepped aside so Musharraf, as head of the military, could take over. Ahmed is rewarded by being made the new director of the ISI. [Guardian, 10/9/2001; Coll, 2004, pp. 504-505]

September 10, 2007: Pakistani President Musharraf Thwarts Return of Former Prime Minister
Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif attempts to return to Pakistan, but his return is thwarted by the Pakistani authorities and he is deported to Saudi Arabia. Sharif, ousted by General Pervez Musharraf in 1999 (see October 12, 1999), had been in exile for seven years due to corruption charges. After landing in Pakistan, Sharif, the leader of the political party Pakistan Muslim League-N, is briefly taken into custody and then put on a flight to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The deportation is a major political event in Pakistan and is marked by clashes between police and Sharif‘s supporters. [CNN, 9/10/2007] However, Pakistan‘s ISI agency will later broker a deal with Saudi authorities regarding Sharif (see November 20-23, 2007), enabling him to return (see November 25, 2007).

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