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TRANSFORMER SIZING CALCULATIONS

DOC NO: 120-EDT-002 REV. NO: 02

PnU ENGINEERING

Project : Customer :

1 x 60 MW Thermal Power Plant SEW INFRA LTD.

DATE: SHEET:

06/03/13 1 OF 4

A)

General Auxiliary Transformer Sizing Calculation -1 - 415V System

S.No. 1 Running loads

Description

Reference Load List

Load in kW 1276

Load in KVA 1595 1,595

Total loads Considering Demand factor pf x eff Load in kVA 0.85 0.75

=(0.82*0.92) = (kw x demand factor)/(pf x eff)

Margin for likely increase during project execution Transformer capacity with margin Transformer capacity selected IV 1 Reference: Load List - From KGPUL

10% 1,755 KVA 2,000 KVA

S.no 1 2 3 4

8 9 10

Electrical Workin Description Working Standby Rating(KW) g Load Fuel Oil MCC 33.4 33.4 Incomer 1 1 1 180.7 180.7 Ash Handling MCC Incomer 1 A/C Ventilation 1 132 132 MCC Incomer 1 Main Lighting 0 80 80 Transformer-1 I/c 1 Emergency Lighting 0 1 80 0 Transformer-1 Incomer Emergency Lighting 0 1 80 0 Transformer -2 Incomer Lighting Transformer 1 0 80 80 Incomer (Water Works Board) Lighting Transformer 1 0 80 80 Incomer (CHP Lighting) RWPH MCC 1 1 152 152 Incomer EDB PCC Incomer 1 0 538 538 General Auxiliary MCC Total Working Load 1276.1

PREPARED BY GSR

CHECKED BY RRK

APPROVED BY RRK

TRANSFORMER SIZING CALCULATIONS Project : Customer : 1 x 60 MW Thermal Power Plant SEW INFRA LTD.

DOC NO: 120-EDT-002 REV. NO: 02 DATE: SHEET: 06/03/13 2 OF 4

PnU ENGINEERING

B)

Voltage Drop Calculations at 415V bus with 2.0 MVA Transformer @ 6.25 % Impedance by Impedance Ratio Method :

Single Line Diagram : Source

Z s = 5 % @ 100MVA (assumed) Bus - 1 6.6kV, 26.3kA / 3 sec

2.0 MVA Trafo Z = 6.25 %

Bus - 2

415V, 50kA / 1 sec

Z Bus - 3

1.75 MVA

M
132 kW

Load

Equivalent Impedance Diagram :

ZS
Bus - 1

0.0433

0.0250

Z Trafo =
Bus - 2

0.1565

3.1211

Zm =

20.3270

99.9103

ZL =

49.4872

28.5714

Bus - 3

TRANSFORMER SIZING CALCULATIONS Project : Customer : 1 x 60MW Thermal Power Plant SEW Infra LTD

DOC NO: 120-EDT-002 REV. NO: 02 DATE: SHEET: 06/03/13 3 OF 4

PnU ENGINEERING

Considering, a) Source Impedance ( Z s ) : Assuming, Zs Zs b)

Base MVA

100

MVA

= =

0.05 0.0433 +

30 j

p.u 0.0250

@ p.u

100

MVA

(assumed)

Transformer Impedance ( Z trafo ) : Z trafo = = X/R Z trafo = = = Z trafo = 0.0625 3.13 20 3.13 3.13 0.1565 + Tan (X/R) 87.13 j 3.1211 p.u
-1

p.u p.u

@ @

2 100

MVA MVA

c)

Motor Impedance ( Z m ) : Motor Rating Motor Input ( KVA FL ) ( KVA LR ) = = = = Zm Zm = = 6 132 163.4675 x ( KVA FL ) 980.8050 101.9571 20.3270 KVA 78.50 + j @ 99.9103 100 p.u MVA kW KVA

d)

Load Impedance ( Z L ) : Load Rating ZL ZL = = = 1.75 57.14285714 49.4872 + MVA 30 j p.u 28.5714 @ p.u 100 MVA

e)

Impedance ( Z m // Z L ) : Zm x ZL Z eq = Z m // Z L = Zm + ZL Zm x ZL Zm + ZL = = = = Zm x ZL Z eq = Zm + ZL Zm x ZL Z eq = Zm + ZL = 25.3652 + j 30.7267 p.u = 39.8437 50.46 5826.1183 69.8141 146.2243 146.2243 108.50 + j
-1

128.4817

Tan (X/R) 58.04

e)

Total Impedance ( Z T ) : ZT ZT = = = = Z s + Z trafo + Z eq 25.5649 42.4374 42.4374 + j Tan (X/R) 52.78


-1

33.8728

p.u

f)

Voltage at Bus - 3 : Voltage at Bus - 3 = = % Voltage Drop at 415V bus: = Z eq / Z T 0.9389 6.11 87.68 %

DOC NO: 120-EDT-002 TRANSFORMER SIZING CALCULATIONS REV. NO: 02 : PnU ENGINEERING Project Customer : 1 x 60 MW Thermal Power Plant SEW INFRA LTD. DATE: SHEET: 06/03/13 4 OF 4

C)

Fault level at 415V bus with 2.0 MVA trafo @ 6.25 impedance (to justify the selection of 50kA for 1 sec) :

2.0 MVA Trafo Z = 6.25 %

415V, 50kA / 1 sec

Voltage Trafo Rating Impedance

kV MVA Z

= = =

0.415 2 6.25 MVA

kV MVA % = 0.0625 p.u

Fault MVA

= =

Z 32.00 Fault MVA MVA

Fault Current

3 x kV

Fault Current

44.52

kA

Based on above the transformer impedance shall be 6.25 % without negative tolerance.

Hence the 415V board with 50 kA / 1 sec is acceptable. Assumptions : 1) 2) 3) Source Impedance is not considered. Cable Impedance is not considered. Fault contribution of loads is neglected being LT motors with low inertia (Decaying time 2 / 3 cycles).