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Bank P Examination Special-III .O.

MOCK TEST

**Quantitative Aptitude & Reasoning Based on “Latest” Pattern
**

Quantitative Aptitude

1. Which of these numbers is rational? (b) (a) π (c) (e)

3

(0.04)−1

3

−1

(d)

0.8

4

0.00016

2. For the equation px2 + px + q = 0, the value of the discriminant is zero. The roots of this equation are: (a) imaginary (b) irrational (c) rational and unequal (d) rational and equal (e) real and equal 3. The sum of two times one natural number and three times another natural number is less than 24. If the first natural number is less than or equal to eight, the highest value of the second natural number is: (a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8 (e) 9 4. A shopkeeper bought 800 kg rice at Rs 3840. He had to sell it at a loss of as much as he received for 16 kg. The selling price (per kg, in Rs) will be: (a) Rs 40 (b) Rs 100 (c) Rs 50 (d) Rs 80 (e) Rs 65 5. The fractions

7 5 9 8 , , , 9 7 14 13 5 9 8 7 , , , 7 14 13 9 9 5 8 7 , , , 14 7 13 9 7 9 5 8 , , , 9 14 7 13 8 9 5 7 , , , 13 14 7 9 9 8 5 7 , , and can be arranged in 14 13 7 9

How much per cent of the total students do not get scholarships? (a) 68 (b) 75 (c) 79.8 (d) 82.5 (e) 78.5 7. If the diameter of a wire is increased by 10%, by how much per cent approximately, will its length be decreased, if the volume remains the same? (a) 15 (b) 16 (c) 17 (d) 18 (e) 19 8. There are two numbers R and S, related by the equation R = S2. Now, if S is increased by 10%, what will happen to R? (a) R increases by 10% (b) R decreases by 10% (c) R increases by 21% (d) R decreases by 21% (e) R remains unchanged 9. Mr X gets a salary of Rs 1,44,000 p.a. Assuming the salary to be the same every month, what will happen to his average income per day? (a) Maximum for (Jan, Feb, March) period (b) Maximum for (Feb, March, April) period (c) Minimum for (July, Aug, Sep) period (d) All three above are true (e) Both (b) and (c) above 10. The value of log10 16 – 3 log10 2 + log10 5 is: (a)

1 2

the descending order as: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

(b) 1

1 2

6. The boys and girls in a school are in the ratio 3 : 7. 25% of the boys and 20% of the girls are scholarship holders.

(c) 0 (d) 1 (e) 2 11. A cistern is two-third full of water. Pipe A can fill the remaining part in 12 minutes and pipe B in 8 minutes. Once the cistern is emptied, how much time will they take to fill it together completely? (a) 12 minutes (b) 12 min, 12 sec (c) 14 min, 24 sec (d) 10 min, 12 sec (e) 14 min, 40 sec 12. Which inequations are represented by the shaded area shown in the graph?

1139 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT

4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4

(a) x > 0, y > 0 (b) x > 0, y ≥ 0 (c) x > y, y > 0 (d) x = y, y < 0 (e) x ≥ y, y ≥ 0 13. There are 7 points in a plane, no three of them being collinear. The number of triangles formed by using these points is: (a) 7 (b) 21 (c) 10 (d) 4 (e) 35 14. In how many ways can we arrange 6 books on different subjects, in a shelf? (a) 6 (b) 60 (c) infinite (d) 720 (e) 120 15. The recurring decimal 2. 345 can be expressed in the rational form as: (a) (c) (e)

2343 990 2343 999 2345 1000

4

water must be evaporated from it so that the solution now contains 25% salt? (a) 54 (b) 45 (c) 36 (d) 27 (e) 18 20. Mr Mohit is 7 times as old as his son. 10 years hence he will be 3 times as old as his son. What are their present ages (in years)? (a) 4, 28 (b) 5, 35 (c) 3, 21 (d) 6, 42 (e) 7, 49 Directions (Q. 21-25): Study the following bar-graph and answer the questions (21-25) given below. (The diagram shows the sale of six garment companies in three successive financial years.)

100 90 80 80 66 68 52 44 46 33 34 20 57 63 57 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001

Sales in Rs. (Crores)

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

60 43 46

40

40 30

Ramu & Co. Shyamu & Co.

Champa Motu Bhai Garments & Brothers

Lambu Tewari & Brothers

Dabbu Bhai & Sons

(b) (d)

2345 999 2345 99

16. If a =

9,b=

3 3 4 4

6

26 , c =

3

5 , then, which of these

statements is true? (a) 4 9 < 6 26 < (b) (c) (d)

4 6 6

5 5

9 > 26 > 26 <

6 3 3

26 > 5 > 5 <

9 9

**(e) None of these 17. The value of the expression (a) (d)
**

x+5 x−3 x+5 x+2 x 2 + 7x + 10 x 2 + 2x − 15

is:

(b) (e)

x+2 x−3 x+2 x+5

(c)

x−3 x+2

18. If 3

1 1 x + 2 x = 64 – 2x, then x equals: 2 2

(a) 8 (b) 7 (c) 6 (d) 5 (e) 4 19. A 90 kg salt solution has 10% salt in it. How much

21. Which of the following garment companies has a fluctuating sales figure over the given period? (a) Lambu Tewari and Brothers (b) Dabbu Bhai and Sons (c) Motu Bhai and Brothers (d) Champa Garments (e) Shyamu and Company 22. What is the total percentage increase in the sale of garments in 2000-2001 with respect of 1999-2000? (a) 4% fall (b) 4% rise (c) No change (d) 7% increase (e) 5% decrease 23. For the total 3-year period under consideration, the nearest competitor of Ramu and Company is: (a) Champa Garments (b) Motu Bhai and Brothers (c) Shyamu and Company (d) Dabbu Bhai and Sons (e) None of these 24. For the years 1998-99 and 1999-2000, which company has the minimum rate of change of sales? (a) Dabbu Bhai and Sons (b) Lambu Tewari and Brothers (c) Ramu and Company (d) Champa Garments (e) None of these 25. For the years 1999-2000 and 2000-2001, which company has the maximum rate of change of sales? (a) Dabbu Bhai and Sons (b) Ramu and Company (c) Shyamu and Company (d) Lambu Tewari and Sons

1140 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT

(e) Champa Garments 26. A train running at the speed of 90 km/hr crosses a platform of length 160 m in 10 seconds. What is the length of the train (in metres)? (a) 60 (b) 90 (c) 150 (d) 140 (e) 40 27. The average of 4 consecutive even numbers is 9. Which of these is the first number? (a) 6 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 10 (e) 12 28. The distance between Charu’s and Mani’s places is 120 km. Charu travelled the whole distance from her place to Mani’s at 30 km/hr but returned at 40 km/hr. Her average speed for the whole journey is (approximately): (a) 36 km/hr (b) 37 km/hr (c) 33 km/hr (d) 34 km/hr (e) 35 km/hr 29. The average of the 1st 50 natural numbers is: (a) 25 (b) 25.5 (c) 26.4 (d) 50 (e) 50 30. A certain sum of money doubles in 10 years at simple interest. What is the rate of interest? (a) 20% (b) 30% (c) 10% (d) 5% (e) 12% Directions (Q. 31-35): Study the pie-chart and table given below and answer the questions that follow—(The data shows statistics about 4 schools (A, B, C and D) as in the year 2001.) Students’ Ratio

School Science : Commerce : Arts A 1:4:1 B 4:1:1 C 2:5:2 D 3:5:1 Boys : Girls 5:4 5:1 2:7 1:8

(a) 32 (b) 36 (c) 35 (d) 30 (e) 38 35. How many girls are there in science stream of school D? (a) 264 (b) 704 (c) 88 (d) 264 (e) Data inadequate 36. A square is inscribed inside a circle of radius 4 cm. What is the area of the shaded region in the diagram?

(a) 10 cm2 (d) 16 cm2

(b) 8 cm2 (e)

2 8 cm

(c)

20 cm2 3

31. Which school has the maximum number of girl students? (a) A (b) B (c) both C and D (d) C (e) D 32. If the number of students of school A increase by 12.5% and that of school B decrease by 10%, what is the ratio of the number of students in the two schools? (a) 2 : 3 (b) 3 : 2 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 4 : 3 (e) 3 : 4 33. In school B, 10% students failed in science, 20% failed in commerce and 30% failed in arts. What is the percentage of failures in school B? (a) 15 (b) 25 (c) 12 (d) 12

1 2

37. A square is drawn inside a right-angled triangle with the two perpendicular sides as 12 cm and 8 cm. What is the side of the largest possible square that can be drawn? (a) 4 cm (b) 4.8 cm (c) 4.5 cm (d) 4.4 cm (e) 5 cm 38. Three terrorists are employed to shoot a reknowned person Mr X. Only one bullet is sufficient to kill him if it strikes in the head. The probabilities of the terrorists striking Mr X’s head by their bullets are 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4. What is the probability that Mr X is shot dead? (a) 0.336 (b) 0.9 (c) 0.1 (d) 0.760 (e) 0.664 39. Which of the following numbers is a perfect square? (a) 10201 (b) 12222 (c) 11112 (d) 55555 (e) 10101 40. The following two figures have the same perimeter.

Square

Circle

(e) 17

34. The total number of arts students expressed as a percentage of total number of commerce students is (approximately):

Which of the following statements is true? (a) The square and the circle have equal areas. (b) The area of square is greater than that of the circle. (c) The area of the circle is greater. (d) Area of circle is π times that of the square. (e) None of these. 41. Prasoon’s bike needs a fresh paint. He wants 2 shades on his bike. The painter shows all the available 5 shades. In how many ways can Prasoon paint his bike? (a) 7 (b) 10 (c) 25 2 (d) 20 (e) 5

1141 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT

42. A bag contains 4 white and 3 black balls. 2 balls are drawn out one at a time, randomly in succession. What is the probability that both the balls drawn out are white in colour, if the first ball is replaced before the second draw is made. (a) (d)

9 49 4 7

(b) (e)

4 12 16 49

(c)

12 49

**43. What is the maximum value of the function f(x) = x2 + 5x + 16 (a) (d)
**

16 5 39 4

(b) (e)

4 3 25 16

(c) 16

44. On giving a reduction of 20% on clothes, a clothmerchant’s sale increased by 30% to become Rs 26,000 in the month of June 2002. What was the previous sale? (a) Rs 25,000 (b) Rs 30,000 (c) Rs 13,000 (d) Rs 24,500 (e) Rs 20,000 45. The difference between the product of two numbers and their sum is 24. What is the difference between the two numbers? (a) 24 (b) 25 (c) Data inadequate (d) Several solutions (e) None of these 46. Mr Sanjay Sharma, Mr Pravesh Khare and Mr Mitra are partners in a business. Mr Mitra started the business with Rs 40,000. After 3 months, Mr Sanjay and Mr Pravesh joined him with Rs 60,000 each. If the total profits at the end of the year amount to Rs 31,200, what would be Mr Khare’s share in it? (a) Rs 15600 (b) Rs 9600 (c) Rs 10800 (d) Rs 21600 (e) None of these 47. Mr Rajiv and Mr Jogesh can complete a piece of work in 6 days and 8 days respectively. They started together but Rajiv left the work after 2 days. In how many days will Mr Jogesh complete the remaining work now? (a) 4 days (b) 2 (c) 4

2 days 3 1 days 2 1 3 3 4

and answer the incomplete series (B), in the following questions. Assume that series B follows the same rule as series A. 48. Series A: 12 24 48 96 192 Series B: 0.5 x y z t What should come in place of t? (a) Both (d) and (e) (b) 4 (c) 84.5 (d) 8 (e) 180.5 49. Series A: 2 5 17 71 ... Series B: 1 a b c What will replace the symbol b? (a) 47 (b) 11 (c) 3 (d) 17 (e) 12 50. Series A: 2 11 47 128 ... Series B: 5 m n o ... The value of n is ... (a) 27 (b) 50 (c) 25 (d) 21 (e) 62 Answers (with Hints and Solutions) 1. (b)

(0.04)−1 =

10 100 = ± 2 4

FG IJ H K

2. (e) If D = 0 → the roots are real and equal 3. (c) We can write: 2x + 3y < 24 The highest value of second can take place when the first is having lowest value. Lowest value of 1st = 1 (Q smallest natural number = 1) Thus, 2(1) + 3y < 24 3y < 22 y<

22 ~ 7 3

4. (a) Let SP per kg be Rs x → Total SP = 80 x and loss = 16 x Now, loss = CP – SP → 16x = 3840 – 80x i.e. x = 40 5. (a) By cross-multiplication (or otherwise), compare the 4 fractions. Thus,

7 5 9 8 > > > 9 7 14 13 25(3x) 20 + (7x) 100 100 3x 1 43x + .7x = 4 5 20

6. (e) Scholarship holders = = Total = 3x + 7x = 10 x

(d) 4 days (e) 3 days Directions (Q. 48-50): Study the given series (A) carefully

% of scholarship holders =

F 43x I GG 20 JJ GH 10x JK

× 100 = 21.5

∴ % of those without scholarships = 78.5

7. (c) V1 = V2 → π × 100 × 100 × l1 = π × 110 × 110 × l2

1142 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT

l2 100 → l = 121 1

∴ % decrease =

21 × 100 ≅ 17 121 S 10 11 S 10

8. (c) R = S2 S increases by 10% and becomes S + Since R = S2 → R becomes ( i.e.

11 2 121 2 S) = S 10 100

x = 5 and father’s age = 7 × 5 = 35 years 21. (e) Shyamu and Company—It first registered a growth and then a fall in the sales. 22. (c) Sum of sales figures in both the years are the same i.e. 328 crore each 23. (c) The total sales of Ramu and Company is Rs 200 crore which is closest to Rs 166 crore of Shyamu and Company. 24. (a) For Dabbu Bhai and Sons, the rate of change is only

46 − 40 6 i.e. 46 46 40 − 30 1 = 40 4

→ % increase in R = 21% 9. (e) February has 28 days while July and August have 31 days. Find average using number of days.

25. (a) For Dabbu Bhai and Sons, the rate of change is

10. (d) Given expression = log10 ( 11. (c) Pipes A and B fill

16 × 5 ) = log10 10 = 1 8

1 tank in 12 and 8 minutes 3

**For others it is less than this. 26. (b) Refer June issue for direct formula on TRAIN problems 10 =
**

18 x 5 90

FG IJ H K

**→ They fill the whole tank in 36 and 24 minutes 1 1 5 + = 1 minute’s work = 36 24 72
**

72 minutes = 14.4 minutes → Time taken = 5

**x = 250 → length = 250 – 160 = 90 m 27. (a) Let the first number be x Then,
**

x + (x + 2) + (x + 4) + (x + 6) =9 4

= 14 minutes, 24 seconds 12. (e) Refer special P.O. Exam issues of THE COMPETITION MASTER (May and June 2002) 13. (e) 7C3 = 35 (Refer May and June issues of CM) 14. (d) 6P6 or ∠6 = 720 (Refer May and June issues of CM) 15. (c) 16. (b) LCM of 4, 6, 3 is 12

→ 4x = 36 – 12 24 =6 → x= 4

28. (d) Average speed =

2 × 30 × 40 2400 = = 34.33 km/hr 30 + 40 70 n [a + l] 2

29. (b) Sum of 1st n natural numbers is

**e j = e 26 j 26 = b 26g = b 26g and 5 = b 5g = b 5g = e5 j
**

Thus,

6 4

9 = 9

16

bg

13

14

= 9

bg

3 12

= 93

1 12

=

12

729

**Where n = number of terms, a= 1st term, l = last term
**

n [a + l ] a + l 1 + 50 Thus, average = 2 = = = 25.5 2 2 n

2 12

2 1 12

= =

12

676 625

3

4 12

4 1 12

12

∴

12

729 >

12

676 >

12

625

**30. (c) S.I. = Amount – Principal → S.I. = 2P – P = P Now, S.I. =
**

PTR P × 10 × R → P= 100 100

17. (b) Factorise by splitting the middle term Thus, we have:

(x + 2) (x + 2)(x + 5) = (x + 5) (x − 3) (x − 3)

**18. (a) Solve as simple linear equations. 19. (a) Quantity of salt = 90 ×
**

10 = 9 kg 100

→ R = 10% 31. (d) First put all the data in a relevant form From the pie-chart, we get,

A= B= C= D=

If ‘x’ kg water is evaporated,

FG 9 IJ × 100 = 25 H 90 − x K

20 3600 × 3600 = = 720 100 5 25 3600 × 3600 = = 900 100 4 33 × 3600 = 1188 100

Thus, x = 54 20. (b) Let the son be x years old and father be 7x years old Their ages after 10 years are (x + 10) and (7x + 10) Thus, according to the question, we have (7x + 10) = 3(x + 10)

22 × 3600 = 792 100

1143 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT

Now, dividing the students as per the table, we have:

School Science : Comm. : Arts A(720) 120 / 480 / 120 B(900) 600 / 150 / 150 C(1188) 264 / 660 / 264 D(792) 264 / 440 / 88 Boys : Girls 400 / 320 750 / 150 264 / 924 88 / 704

= π Since

FG 2xIJ =FG 4 IJ x H π K H πK

2

2

4 > 1 → Area of circle > Area of square π

**32. (c) 12.5% increase in A = 720 + 90 = 810 10% decrease in B = 900 – 90 = 810 Ratio =
**

810 =1:1=1 810

41. (d) (Refer April 2002 issue of CM for more details on the topic of permutations and combinations). Using arrangements or permutations, we have

5

P2 =

**33. (a) Number of failures =
**

10 20 30 × 600 + × 150 + × 150 100 100 100

5! 5 × 4 × 3 ! = = 20 3! 3!

= 60 + 30 + 45 = 135

135 × 100 = 15 % failures = 900

42. (e) (Refer May 2002 issue of CM for more details on probability). Required probability = p (1st white) × p (2nd white) =

4 4 16 × = 4 + 3 49 4+3 25 39 b2 ( 5 )2 = 16 − = 16 − = 4 4 4 4a 100 100 × = Rs 25,000 80 130

34. (b) Required percentage =

43. (d) Maximum value = c (of ax2 + bx + c)

120 + 150 + 264 + 88 × 100 480 + 150 + 660 + 440

622 × 100 = 36 (approx.) = 1730

44. (a) Required figure = 26,000 ×

35. (e) The given data only provides the number of students in the 3 streams and the ratio of boys to girls in a particular school. 36. (b) Area = 37. (b)

8 A 8-x X x B x Z 12 x x 12-x C Y

1 2 1 × r = × 4 2 = 8 cm2 2 2

(Solve using Pythagoras’ theorem)

45. (c) Let the two numbers be x and y It is only given that xy – (x + y) = 24 We need at least two equations to solve for the two unknown variables 46. (c) Money will be divided according to the time and investment ratios Thus, required ratio = 40,000 × 12 : 60,000 × 9 : 60,000 × 9 = 48 : 54 : 54 = 8 : 9 : 9 Mr Khare’s share = 47. (e) Their 1-day work =

7 ∴ They do 2 24

9 × 31200 = Rs 10800 8+9+9 1 1 7 + = 6 8 24

**The triangles AXY and YZC are similar
**

x 12 x = Thus, we have: 8−x x

**FG IJ work in 2 days H K
**

14 5 = 24 12 5 10 ×8= 12 3

i.e., x2 = 96 – 20x + x2 i.e., x = 4.8 cm 38. (e) (Refer May issue of CM for a more systematic approach to this topic) Required Probability = 1– q1 q2 q3 (Where q = proba= 1– 0.8×0.7×0.6 bility of fail= 1– 0.336 ing to strike) = 0.664 39. (a) (101)2 = 10201 40. (c) Let side of square be ‘x’ cm, i.e. perimeter = 4x cm Since perimeters are same → 4x = 2 π r i.e. r = Now, Area of square = x2 and area of circle

2x π

Remaining work = 1 –

Days taken by Jogesh =

48. (a) We can have two possibilities

× 2, × 2, × 2 ... + 12, + 24, + 48 ...

Thus, both (d) and (e) 49. (b) The series A is: ×2 + 1, × 3 + 2, × 4 + 3 ... Thus, 1 × 2 + 1 = 3, 3 × 3 + 2 = 11, 11 × 4 + 3 = 47 etc 50. (b) The given series A is: +32, +62, +92, etc Thus, series B is: m = 5 + 32 = 14, n = 14 + 62 = 50, etc

1144 s JULY 2002 s THE COMPETITION MASTER

Solved Quantitative Aptitude Paper of Bank P.O

Solved Quantitative Aptitude Paper of Bank P.O

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