A study research about Teenage Obesity: A Growing Epidemic

A RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT IN ENGLISH IV

Presented By: DIANE P. PIMENTEL IV-ST. MARGARET MARY

Presented To: MS. MARY KRISTINE TUMAGAN (English Teacher)

MOUNT CARMEL COLLEGE BALER, AURORA SY 2008-2009

APPROVAL SHEET This research paper entitled “Teen Obesity: A Growing

Epidemic” was prepared and submitted by Diane P. Pimentel in partial fulfillment of the requirement in English-IV. It has been examined & is therefore recommended for acceptance &

approval.

Recommended by: _________________________ Ms. Mary Kristine Tumagan (English Teacher)

Approved by: __________________________ Mrs. Virginia G. Sacramento (Principal)

i ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

My deepest appreciation goes to my family who inspired me while doing this research. To the people who in one way or another help me get through with it. Especially Ms. Ritchelle Gonzales whom I fondly call ate Yke, Mr. Edito Bihasa Jr.,

classmates and friends and my teacher in English IV, Ms. Mary Kristine Tumagan. The Researcher

iii

DEDICATION This humble work is dedicated to my parents Jesse and Norina Pimentel, my sister Olivelle Marie Pimentel and my brother Jesse Pimentel II. They are the moving factors in my life. Their

selfless love and untiring support are my greatest motivation. They are my inspirations in life. I also dedicate this work to my close friends Sarah Joy Candelario, czarina Galendez, Joan Rose dela Torre and Princess Joy Gusilatar. They are true

friends indeed. The Researcher

ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Approval Sheet Dedication Acknowledgement CHAPTER I Introduction Statement of the Problem

Statement of the Hypothesis Importance of the Study Scope and Limitations Definition of Terms CHAPTER II Related Literature FOREIGN LOCAL CHAPTER III Methodology of the Study CHAPTER IV Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of CHAPTER V Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations Bibliography Curriculum vitae Data

CHAPTER

1: The Problem & it’s Setting

INTRODUCTION: As a teenager, peer approval is critically important. All teens want to fit into a group of friends where they can feel secure and a sense of belonging. Unfortunately, with today’s emphasis on an ideal body image, overweight or obese teenagers face constant stares, comments, and whispering that can

interfere with living a normal teenage life. Teenage obesity is rising significantly not only in the Philippines but all

throughout the world. It is growing epidemic and it’s a terrible thing. Watching teenager wobble around all day out of breath and struggling should to manage witness. the stairs is at a school risk something for no one

ever

Obesity

factor

several

diseases and it can lead to more serious problem in the end and can be fatal that can cause even death.

1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This research entitled Teenage Obesity: Growing Epidemic

investigate the effects and how it can be treated. 1. What is OBESITY? 2. What is BMI? 3. What are the causes or factors of obesity? 4. How can we prevent or treat obesity?

2 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS This research work envisions proving the following findings of facts about obesity :

That obesity is a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated affected. to an extent that health may be negatively

• •

That obesity is a medical condition that affects children. That the primary treatment for obesity is dieting and

physical exercise.

That

obesity

predicts

burnout

and

the

reverse-causation

hypothesis that burnout predicts obesity.

3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This research attempts to determine the usefulness of the topic, the result of study are beneficial to the following: Teenagers- for them to be aware that obesity is not just a simple problem, to know how to have a healthy and proper diet. Students- because they must know that obesity can lead to other serious disease. Parents- for them to know what they can do if they have obese child and how to give their children a proper diet.

4 SCOPE & LIMITATIONS The researcher was limit and conducted only the study about Teenage Obesity in our economy, its effect and how we can

prevent or treat obesity, prior to the scope of my research, as follows in the succeeding pages.

5 DEFINITION OF TERMS The following terms are defined operationally/conceptually for the better understanding in the study:
• • • •

Obesity- it refers to an increase in total body fats Obese- overweight person BMI- Body mass Index Morbid obesity- a person that has either 50% - 100% over normal weight, more than 100 pounds over normal weight.

Body fats- consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water.

Diabetes usually

Milletusdue to

a a

syndrome

of

disordered of

metabolism, and blood

combination resulting in

hereditary high

environmental sugar levels

causes,

abnormally

Hyperlipidemia- he presence of raised or abnormal levels of lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood.

Cholesterol- is a lipidic, waxy alcohol found in the cell membranes animals. and transported in the blood plasma of all

6

Coronary

artery

disease-

is

the

end

result

of

the

accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the coronary arteries.

Cushing’s

syndrome

or

hypothyroidism-

is

the

term

for

overactive tissue within the thyroid gland, resulting in overproduction.

Epidemic- disease which become widespread in a particular place.

Hypertension-

abnormally

high

blood

pressure

in

arteries

that may or may not be associated with observable organic disorder.

Diet- food and drink normally taken by an individual.

7 CHAPTER 2: RELATED LITERATURE

FOREIGN According to Dr. Kelly Brownell, PhD, an expert on American diet and health, a study was conducted with the Pima Indians who live both in Mexico and Arizona. It was found that those Pima Indians who live in Arizona have much higher rates of obesity than their counterparts in Mexico, even though both groups of people have the same genetic and ethnic background. This is also true for many migrants of the US who have a much higher obesity rate than their relatives back home. Americans have re-defined the word food. In the Webster's dictionary food is any nourishing substance eaten, drunk, or otherwise taken into the body to sustain life, provide energy, promote growth, etc. In American society food is that which is fatty, tasty, processed, refined and contains no nutrients; a substance detrimental to the body's functions, creating disease, and resulting in death. At no time in history have humans eaten such refined, processed and fatty food and at no time in history have humans had such an obesity epidemic. Out of necessity, many obese people suffering from various complications and diseases have learned to change their diet. 8 Those people, with determination and a will to survive, have succeeded in becoming healthy once again. They have learned that cutting out meat products, processed foods, fast-foods, high

sugar and high sodium foods, while incorporating whole grains, vegetables, fruits and legumes into the diet is the only way to return back to health. It is not easy to go against the strong current of an unhealthy society but it is a necessity.

9 LOCAL According to Rosalyn Allyn G. Sy, obesity was barely

recognized as a problem in the Philippines in the early part of the 90's; surely not because it is non-existent in this part of the world but because doctors & other health providers show not

much interest in this issue. In 1994, the Philippine Association for the study of Overweight and Obesity (PASOO) was organized to address the growing global problem of this condition which has been noted to affect the Filipino people. One of the projects of PASOO was to look into the

prevalence of obesity in medical practice. Through the generous grant & support from Servier, Philippines, Dr. Augusto D. Litonjua, president of PASOO, together with the officers and board of directors of the association was able to ask the help of randomly selected 164 general practitioners

nationwide to participate in our survey questionaire & project. A total of 1220 patients was included in the study which extended from April 1996 to Dec. 1998. Using the IOTF-WHO classification of obesity, the study showed that the prevalence of obesity in medical practice in the

10 Philippines is 21%, while 25% of consulting patients are

overweight. Unfortunately, only 4 % of the subjects included consulted because of their weight problem & 96% consulted for other reasons. For those who recognized their weight problem, only 8 % of these subjects were doing something about it while 64% are not concerned and 28% did not give any answer.

PASOO

had

started

this

nationwide

project

to

create

awareness on the importance of this medical condition amongst our health care providers. To complement this project, PASOO had published some guidelines on weight management for its members and non-members & interested in the care of obese patients.

11 Chapter III Methodology of the Study This chapter presents the method used in the study. The researcher used the descriptive method of research. She believes that this method is the appropriate way in treating the problems in this study. Through thorough reading of books, encyclopedia,

researching through internet and other all printed materials, the researcher gather all datas.

After all the datas are collected she analyzed, interpreted and put it in her research paper.

12

Chapter IV Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis Of Data 1. What is OBESITY? Obesity is a to condition an extent in which excess may body be fat has

accumulated

that

health

negatively

affected. It is commonly defined as a body mass index (BMI). 2. What is BMI? The body mass index (BMI), which does or Quetelet a index, is a

statistical and height.

measurement Though it

compares not

person's

weight the

actually

measure

percentage of body fat, it is a useful tool to estimate a

healthy body weight based on how tall a person is. Due to its ease of measurement and calculation, it is the most widely used diagnostic tool to identify weight problem

within a population including: underweight, overweight and obesity. 3. What are the causes or factors of obesity? Until recently, obesity and be was the the considered chronic the result of for of a

sedentary calories.

lifestyle This may

ingestion factor

excess many

principal

individuals, but there is evidence of strong genetic,

13 metabolic, and environmental influences, in the development of obesity. Certain illnesses, such as Cushing’s syndrome or hypothyroidism. 4. How can we prevent or treat obesity? Successful maintenance programs for weight loss reduction and

should be started and followed under the care

of a physician and/or a nutritionist. A weight-loss program may include: • Exercise (the Surgeon General has called for 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week) • • A low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate, high fiber diet Behavior modification to change eating behavior

• •

Social support Medications

14 Chapter V Summary of the Study Teenage obesity is a terrible thing. Obesity can weaken physical health and well-being, and can shorten life expectancy. It is a growing problem in teenagers mainly due to their

inactivity and diet. When children are born they imitate their parent life, they eat what they eat and do what they do. Parents need to set an appropriate example in front of their children to save them from suffering from teenage obesity. Teenagers will need all the support that they can get and hopefully in time they can.

15 Conclusion After following:

gathering

the

data

the

researcher

conclude

the

That obesity is a growing problem in our society and in many societies worldwide.

That the lifestyle of a person is one of the most common causes of becoming overweight.

That diet, lifestyle and exercise are the cornerstones of current approaches to treating obesity.

That parents should educate their teenagers by encouraging a healthy diet and plenty of activity.

That

teenage

obesity

can

also

lead

to

depression

in

teenagers.

16 Recommendations

The researcher would like to recommend the following:
1)

The teenagers should have a right diet plan together with regular obesity. exercise routine as the key to fight teenage

2)

The teenagers should have a slight change in lifestyle and behavioral changes to help them improve their overall health.

3)

The

teenagers

should

have

a

drug

treatment

for

individuals, especially those with other obesity-related health conditions, who have failed to respond adequately to dietary and behavioral modifications.
4)

The teenagers should be encouraged not scolded by their parents about their weight and they need to be assured that loosing weight is a positive thing.

17 Bibliography: •

Health and Home (2007-2008) Neill, Kweethai C. (2007). Diet of School-Aged Children. Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z, pp. 13-16

“Childhood Obesity.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Childhood_obesity.

. “Hyperlipidemia.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperlipidemia

Encyclopedia

18 CURRICULUM VITAE

I.PERSONAL DATA NAME: Diane P. Pimentel Birth Date: November 14, 1992

Birth Place: Gloria Street Baler, Aurora Father’s Name: Jesse P. Pimentel Mother’s Name: Norina R. Palabay

II. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND School Secondary Elementary Mount Carmel College Baler Central School Year Graduated 2009 2005

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