You are on page 1of 7


. They argue that language should be taugh as a “whole” Emphasizes learning to read and write naturally with a focus on real communication and reading and writing for pleasure.   Was created in 1970´s by a group of US educators.

”  Funtional model “language is used for meaningful purposes”   “Constructivism theory holds that knowledge is socially constructed .Interactional perspective “ language use is always in a social context …”  Psycholinguistic perspective “ we use language to think. rather than received or discovered.” THEORY OF LANGUAGE THEORY OF LEARNING .

         Use of authentic literature Focus on real and natural events ( Ss. experiences) Reading texts Writing for real audience Use of studentsproduced text Integration of skills Student –centered learning Reading and writing in partnership Learning more important than failure TEACHERS ROLES      Facilitator Active participant Looks for teachable moments rather than follow a preplanned lesson plan Support collaborative work Negotiates lesson plan with learners. PRINCIPLES .

newspapers.LEARNERS ROLES     Collaborators Evaluators Self-directed ( according their experiences) Selectors of learning materials and activities  Real world materials rather than commercial texts ex: literature. and printed materials. signs. storybooks. MATERIALS . handbills.

ACTIVITIES .made books Story writing .PROCEDURE      FEATURES: The use of literature The use of process writing Encouragement of cooperative leaning on Ss Concern for Ss ´attitudes       Individual and small group reading and writing Ungraded dialogue journals Writing portfolios Writing conferences Students.

.CONCLUSIONS   WLA is an approach that sees language as a whole entity. lives and needs to use authentic materials and facilitate the development of all aspects of a second language. It focuses in experiences and activities relevant to Ss.